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ImhnhXvIcW¯nsâ F¸ntkmUpIÄ

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kPn kndnbIv/ tamZnbpsS Hcp hÀjwþ4

XpÄkn F¶ IYm]m{X¯neqsS D¯tc´y³ kv{XolrZb§Ä IogS¡nb lnµn kocnb \Sn kvarXn Cdm\n tI{µ am\h hn`htijn hnIk\ hIp¸n Im_n\äv a{´nbmbn \nban¡s¸«t¸mÄ Hcphn[s¸«hscms¡ sR«n. cWvSmWp ImcWw. H¶v, Ata¯n temIvk`m koän cmlp KmÔntbmSp kvarXn Hcphn[w \¶mbn tXmän«p Znhk§tf Bbncp¶pÅp. cWvSv, AhcpsS hnZym`ymk tbmKyX AXn\Iw hnhmZambn¡gnªncp¶p.

UÂln tlmfn ssNÂUv HmIvkoenbw kvIqfn ]{´WvSmw ¢mkv hsc kvarXn Cdm\n ]Tn¨Xn\p tcJIfpWvSv. ]n¶oSv UÂln bqWnthgvknänbnse _nF Idkvt]mWvS³kv tImgvkv ]mkmsb¶pw _ntImw Idkvt]mWvS³kv tImgvkv ]mÀ«v H¶v ]mkmsb¶pw cWvSpXc¯n AhÀ kXyhmMvaqew \ÂInbn«pWvSv. cWvSn\pw bqWnthgvknänbnÂ\n¶p ØncoIcWapWvSmbnÃ.

kvarXn Cdm\n am\hhn`tijn a{´nbmbm F§s\bmhpsa¶p s\änNpfn¨hÀ¡v Ct¸mÄ anWvSm«anÃ. \tc{µ tamZn kÀ¡mcn BcmWp hIp¸pa{´n F¶Xp {]iv\asöv CXn\Iw sXfnªpIgnªp. Bcp a{´nbmbmepw hIp¸pIfn Imcy§Ä \nb{´n¡p¶Xp IÀ«\p ]n¶nÂ\n¶p NcSphen¡p¶ aäp NnecmWv. Hcp hÀjw sImWvSp ImhnhXvIcW¯n tamZn kÀ¡mÀ \S¯nb apt¶äw am\h hn`htijn a{´nbpsS Imcytijn¡p sXfnhmsW¶p kwL]cnhmÀ A\pIqenIsf¦nepw ]dbpw.

Atbm[ybn cmat£{Xw \nÀan¡pI apJy AP³Ubm¡nb Hcp lnµp \thm°m\ ]mÀ«n F¶Xn\p ]Icw cmjv{ShnIk\¯n\p {]XnÚm_²amb, B[p\nI ho£W§fpÅ Hcp ]mÀ«n F¶ {]XnÑmbbmWp _nsP]n C¯hW sXcsªSp¸n AhXcn¸n¨Xv. BZyw I¡qkv, t£{Xw ]n¶oSv (tSmbveäv ^Ìv, sS¼nÄ teäÀ) F¶Xmbncp¶p {]NmcWkab¯p tamZnbpsS Hcp ap{ZmhmIyw. AgnaXnbpw hnIk\apcSn¸pw IWvSpaSp¯ a[yhÀK¡msc AXv BIÀjn¨p. F¶mÂ, A[nImc¯nse¯nbtXmsS _nsP]nbpsS a«pamdn. ImhnhXvIcWambn hoWvSpw apJy AP³U.

PÀa\p ]Icw kwkvIrXw

kvarXn Cdm\n NpaXetbätijw am\hhn`htijn hIp¸v BZyambn ssIs¡mWvS Xocpam\§fnsem¶p tI{µobhnZymeb§fn aq¶mw`mjbmbn PÀa\p ]Icw kwkvIrXs¯ DÄs¸Sp¯nbXmWv. CXns\Xntc Bt£]§Ä DbÀ¶t¸mÄ kvarXn Cdm\n cWvSp Imcy§Ä ]dªp: H¶,v CXp ImhnhXvIcW¯nsâ `mKaÃ. cWvSv, Rm³ BÀFkvFkv apJwaqSnbpaÃ.

BscÃmw F§s\sbÃmw \ntj[n¨mepw, tamZnkÀ¡mÀ A[nImctaätijw am\hhn`htijn hIp¸n \S¡p¶ Imcy§Äs¡Ãmw ImhnhXvIcW¯nsâ \ndapWvSv F¶sXmcp hkvXpXbmWv. kvIqÄ kne_kv, D¶XhnZym`ymkw, Ncn{Xw, kwkvImcw, imkv{Xw F¶nhbnseÃmw Imhn\ndw IeÀ¯m\pÅ \o¡§Ä hfsc hnZKv[ambn \S¡p¶p. cmjv{Ss¯ ]qÀWambn kwL]cnhmdnsâ sNm¸Snbnem¡m\pÅ ZoÀLIme ]²XnbmWp {]hr¯n]Y¯nte¡p \o§p¶Xv.

P\m[n]Xy{Ia¯n A[nImcw \ne\nÀ¯m³ Hmtcm {]mhiyhpw sXcsªSp¸p Pbn¡Ww. F¶mÂ, A[nImc¯nsâ ISnªm¬ Fs¶¶pw ssIbnÂhbv¡m\pÅ X{´§fmWp kwL]cnhmÀ BhnjvIcn¡p¶Xv. hfcp¶ Xeapdbn X§fpsS Bib§fpw {]Xybimkv{X§fpw ASnt¨Â¸n¨v Ahsc akvXnjvI {]£mf\¯n\p hnt[bam¡nbm Ahsc¶pw B Nn´m[mcbpsS hàm¡fmbn \nesImWvSpsImÅpw. Ncn{X¯n\pw kwkvImc¯n\pw imkv{X¯n\pw ]pXnb `mjy§Ä Na¨v AXmWp kXysa¶p kaÀYamb {]NmcWX{´§fneqsS t_m[ys¸Sp¯n `qcn]£ ]n´pW Dd¸n¨m A[nImc ]n´pSÀ¨ Ffp¸amIpw. ]ns¶ sXcsªSp¸p t]mepw A{]kàamsb¶p hcmw.

tamZnkÀ¡mcnsâ AP³U \nÝbn¡p¶Xp kwL]cnhmdmWv F¶Xv C¶p clkyaÃ. ImhnhXvIcWw AXnse apJy C\amWv. F´mWp ImhnhXvIcWw? `qcn]£ hÀKobXbneq¶nb kwL]cnhmÀ {]Xybimkv{Xw kaql¯n ASnt¨Â¸n¡pI F¶XmWv AXnsâ Gähpw efnXamb AÀYw. ]mT]pkvXI§fnepw Ncn{X¯nepw imkv{X¯nepsams¡ kwL]cnhmÀ {]Xybimkv{X¯n\\pkrXambn Xncp¯epIÄ hcp¯nbmWv AXn\p {ian¡p¶Xv. Ncn{Xs¯bpw imkv{Xs¯bpsams¡ `qcn]£ {]Xybimkv{Xhpambn XmZmßys¸Sp¯pI F¶Xv AXnsâ ASp¯ XeamWv. Cu ZnibnepÅ {]hÀ¯\§fmWv Ct¸mÄ \S¶phcp¶Xv.

sNdp¸¯nte ]nSnIqSpI

Ct¸mgs¯ hnZym`ymkcoXnsb¡pdn¨p ]Tn¡m\pw Xncp¯Â \S]SnIÄ \nÀtZin¡m\pw AXp `mcXob tI{µoIrXam¡p¶Xn\pw thWvSn in£m kwkvIrXn D¯m³ \ymkv F¶ kwL]cnhmÀ kwLS\ `mcXob in£m \oXn BtbmKv (C´y³ FUypt¡j³ t]mfnkn I½oj³) Fs¶mcp I½ojs\ \ntbmKn¨n«pWvSv. F³knCBÀSn sSIvÌv_p¡pIfnepÅ ]e `mK§fpw `cWLS\mhncp²hpw tZiobhncp²hpamsW¶p NqWvSn¡m«n \ymkv a{´n kvarXn Cdm\n¡p ]cmXn \ÂIn¡gnªp. kwL]cnhmÀ CÑn¡p¶ coXnbnepÅ Xncp¯epIÄ ]mT]pkvXI§fn DWvSmhpsa¶pd¸mWv. lcnbm\bnse ]mT]pkvXI§fn `KhXvKoXbnÂ\n¶pÅ `mKw \nÀ_Ôam¡n¡gnªp. tamZn apJya{´nbmbncp¶t¸mÄ KpPdm¯n C¯c¯n hcp¯nb amä§Ä tZiob Xe¯n NÀ¨ sN¿s¸«XmWv.

_nsP]n `cn¨ kwØm\§fnseÃmw kvIqÄ ]mT]pkvXI§fn ImhnhXvIcn¡m\pÅ {ia§Ä \S¶n«pWvSv. hmPvt]bn kÀ¡mÀ `cn¨ Ime¯v thZnIv Bkvt{SmfPn (tPymXnjw) C´y³ bqWnthgvknänIfn Hcp hnjbambn DÄs¸Sp¯nbncp¶p.

kvIqÄ ]mT]pkvXI§fn thtZm]\nj¯pIfnÂ\n¶pw lnµp]pcmW§fnÂ\n¶papÅ `mK§Ä IqSpXembn DÄs¸Sp¯m\mWp \o¡w. CXns\ FXnÀ¡p¶hsc cmPyhncp²cmbn Nn{XoIcn¡m³ Ffp¸amWv. Ip«nIfn atXXc at\m`mhhpw klnjvWpXbpw ktlmZcNn´bpw hfÀ¯m\pXIp¶ IYIfpw D]tZi§fpw hnhcW§fpamWp kvIqÄ ]mT]pkvXI§fn CXphsc DÄs¸Sp¯nbncp¶Xv. B coXn¡p amäw hcpt¼mÄ hfcp¶ XeapdbpsS kmaqlnIho£Ww Xs¶ amdmw. sNdp¸¯nte ]nSnIqSpI F¶ BibamWv ChnsS \S¸mIp¶Xv.

lnµn ASnt¨Â¸n¡Â

lnµnbpw kwkvIrXhpw ASnt¨Â¸n¡m\pÅ AantXmÕmlw tamZnkÀ¡mÀ A[nImctaäbpS³ Im«p¶pWvSv. kwkvIrXhmcw BtLmjn¡m³ cmPys¯ FÃm kn_nFkvC kvIqfpItfmSpw Bhiys¸Sp¶p. A[ym]IZn\s¯ Kpcp DÕhv F¶p ]p\À\maIcWw sN¿p¶p. tamZnbpsS Hcp aWn¡qÀ lnµn {]kwKw cmPys¯ kvIqfpIfnseÃmw kwt{]jWw sN¿p¶p. sPF³bphn {]thi\ t^mw lnµnbnem¡p¶p. BImihmWn {]mtZinI \neb§tfmSp lnµn ]cn]mSnIÄ {]t£]Ww sN¿m³ \nÀtZiw \ÂIp¶p. tkmjy aoUnbbnse kÀ¡mÀ t]PpIsfÃmw lnµnbnem¡p¶p.

lnµnsb tZiob`mjbmbn AwKoIcn¡p¶hÀ¡pt]mepw CuÀjybpWvSm¡p¶XmWv C¯cw \o¡§Ä. bpF³ P\d Akw»nbn lnµnbn {]kwKn¨ tamZn D¯tc´y³ ]n´pW hÀ[n¸n¡pIbmWv AXpsImWvSv Dt±in¨sX¦nepw AXp cmPys¯ Alnµn{]tZi§fnepÅhÀ¡p \ÂInbXp sXämb ktµiamWv.

kwL]cnhmdnsâ Zrãnbn aäp `mjIsf¡mÄ t{ijvTamWp lnµnbpw kwkvIrXhpw. F¶mÂ, kwkvIrXw C´ybn HcpIme¯pw km[mcW¡mcpsS `mjbmbncp¶nÃ. khÀWm[n]Xy¯nsâ `mjbmbncp¶p AXv. F¶n«pw kwkvIrXw ASnt¨Â¸n¡m³ {ian¡p¶sX´n\mWv? `cW]£s¯ khÀW hn`mK§fpsS XmXv]cy§Ä tZiob XmXv]cy§fmbn P\§fpsSta ASnt¨Â¸n¡s¸SpIbmWv F¶msWmcp `mjyw.

Ncn{X¯n\p ]pXnb `mjyw

am\h]ptcmKXnbnte¡pÅ hnImk ]cnWma§fpsS hkvXpXmIY\amWp Ncn{Xsa¦nepw AsXgpXp¶hcpsS `mjy§fmWp Ncn{X]pkvXI§fn {]IminXamIp¶Xv. C´ybpsS kzmX{´ykac Ncn{Xw KmÔnb³ ZÀi\§fpsS hnPb`mjyamsW¶p ]dbmw. kzmX{´ym\´c `mcX Ncn{Xw s\lvdphnb³ tkmjyenÌv kao]\¯n Du¶nbXpambncp¶p. kwL]cnhmÀ `mjy¯neqsS C´ymNcn{Xw amänsbgpXm\pÅ \o¡§fmWp \S¡p¶Xv. FSp¯p]dbm³ X¡ kw`mh\IÄ kz´ambnÃm¯Xn\m thZImes¯bpw ]pcmW§sfbpamWv AXn\p Iq«p]nSn¡p¶Xv.

cmPys¯ Ncn{X KthjW {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡p Np¡m³]nSn¡p¶ C´y³ Iu¬kn Hm^v lntÌmdn¡Â dnkÀ¨nsâ ]pXnb Xeh\mbn sbÃ{]KmZ kpZÀi³ dmhp F¶ dn«tbUv {]^ksd tamZnkÀ¡mÀ \nban¨p. AJne `mcXob CXnlmk k¦e³ tbmP\ F¶ kwL]cnhmÀ kwLS\bpsS ta[mhnbmbncp¶p At±lw. cmambW¯nsebpw alm`mcX¯nsebpw IYIÄ bYmÀY¯n \S¶n«pÅ kw`h§fmsW¶p hmZn¨p teJ\§Ä FgpXnbn«pÅ BfmWp kpZÀi³ dmhp. Ncn{XcN\ `mcXobhXvIcn¡psa¶v At±lw {]Jym]n¨n«pWvSv. At±l¯nsâ Ncn{X kao]\w F´mbncn¡psa¶p hyàamWtÃm.

Ncn{X KthjW Iu¬knen am{XaÃ, C´y³ Iu¬kn Hm^v tkmjy kb³kv dnkÀ¨v, s\lvdp sat½mdnb ayqknbw B³Uv sse{_dn, C´y³ C³Ìnäyq«v Hm^v sSIvt\mfPnIÄ, tI{µ bqWnthgvknänIÄ, \mjW Iu¬kn Hm^v FUypt¡jW dnkÀ¨v B³Uv s{Sbn\nwKv, tÌäv Iu¬kn Hm^v FUypt¡jW dnkÀ¨v B³Uv s{Sbn\nwKv XpS§nb D¶X Øm]\§fpsS Xe¸¯pw kwL]cnhmÀ A\p`mhnIsf \nban¨v hnZym`ymkþ kmwkvImcnIþ imkv{X taJeIÄ ]qÀWambpw ssI¸nSnbnsemXp¡n ImhnhXvIcn¡m\pÅ \o¡§fmWv AWnbdbn \S¶phcp¶Xv.

]pcmW¯nse hnam\w

Ncn{Xs¯ lnµpho£W¯n Xncp¯nsbgpXpI kwL]cnhmdnsâ kmwkvImcnI tZiobX F¶ AP³UbpsS `mKamWv. {_mÒW B[n]Xy¯neq¶nb hÀWm{ia§sf hnaÀin¨m AXp amÀIvknÌv ho£Wambn AhÀ Nn{XoIcn¡p¶p. GXv B[p\nI imkv{Xob IWvSp]nSn¯w kw_Ôn¨pw ]pcmW§fn ]cmaÀi§fpWvSmbncp¶Xmbn AhImis¸Sp¶ Xc¯nepÅ ]cnlmkyXbnte¡v Cu kmwkvImcnI ^mknkw hfÀ¶ncn¡p¶p.

]qÀWamb Adnhnsâ tIZmc§fmbncp¶p thZ§Ä F¶mWp ImhnhXvIcW¯nsâ hàm¡Ä AhImis¸Sp¶Xv. Fbvtdm ssU\manIvkv apX IzmWvSw ^nknIvkv hsc thZ§fn DWvSmbncp¶psh¶mWv AhcpsS AhImihmZw. ]pcmX\ C´y¡mÀ¡v P\änIv F³Pn\nbdnwKv hiapWvSmbncps¶¶p {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZn t]mepw AhImis¸«p. Nne ]pcmW IYm]m{X§Ä KÀ`]m{X¯neÃmsX P\n¨Xv AXn\p sXfnhmWt{X. B`y´ca{´n cmPv\mYv knwKv Hcp ]SnIqSn IS¶p. {]ikvX `uXnIimkv{XÚ\mb sslk³_ÀKv `uXnIimkv{X¯nse kp{][m\ kn²m´§fnsem¶mb A¬tkÀ«ân {]n³kn¸nÄ BhnjvIcn¨Xp thZ§fnÂ\n¶pÅ AdnhpIsf Bkv]Zam¡nbmWv F¶mWp cmPv\mYv knwKv ]dªXv. C¯cw AhImihmZ§Ä C\n imkv{Xsa¶ te_en kvIqÄ ]mT]pkvXI§fn h¶mepw AZv`pXanÃ!

tamZnkÀ¡mÀ A[nImctaätijw apwss_bn \S¶ 102þmw C´y³ kb³kv tIm¬{Kkn AhXcn¸n¡s¸« Nne {]tab§fpw \nco£W§fpw imkv{XtemIs¯ sR«n¡pIXs¶ sNbvXp. {Kl§fnÂ\n¶p {Kl§fnte¡p ]d¡m³ Ignbp¶ hnam\§Ä C´ybn thZIme¯v DWvSmbncp¶psh¶mWv AXn AhXcn¸n¡s¸« Hcp t]¸dnse AhImihmZw. A¡mes¯ hnam\§Ä `oamImcamb hen¸apÅhbmbncps¶¶pw Ahbv¡v apt¶ms«¶t]mse CSt¯¡pw het¯¡pw ]ndtIm«psams¡ Nen¡m³ Ignbpambncp¶p F¶pamWv kwkvIrX¯neqsS ]ucmWnIimkv{Xw F¶ skj\n kwL]cnhmÀ Nn´I\mb Iym]vä³ B\µv sP. t_mUmkv X«nhn«Xv. AÔhnizmk§fpw AkXy§fpw `mh\mhnemk§fpw imkv{XkXy§fmbn {]Ncn¸n¡m\pÅ \o¡¯n\p ]n¶nepÅXp tZiobXbpsS t]cn hyÀYhpw k¦pNnXhpamb A`nam\t_m[w hfÀ¯pIsb¶ e£yamWv.

cmasâ k´XnIfpw Pmck´XnIfpw

X§fpsS BÚm\phÀ¯nbmbn iàamsbmcp tI{µkÀ¡mcpÅt¸mÄ kwLS\m ASn¯d hn]pes¸Sp¯pIbpw lnµp sFIy¯n Du¶nb Hcp _lpP\ {]Øm\w sI«n¸Sp¡pIbpw sN¿m\pÅ {ia¯nemWp kwL]cnhmÀ. {][m\a{´n tamZn¡v BÀFkvFknÂ\n¶p \nÀtZi§Ä In«p¶p. A¯cw \nÀtZi§Ä IrXyambn {]hr¯n]Y¯nse¯n¡m³ {]m]vXnbpÅ BÚm\phÀ¯nIfpw kwL]cnhmÀ A\p`mhnIfpamb DtZymKØsc `cW¯nsâ Xmt¡mÂØm\§fn am{Xaà FÃm Xe§fnepw hn\ykn¨ncn¡p¶p. cmPyw ]peÀ¯p¶ atXXc \mSy§sfÃmw Xqs¯dnªp `cWLS\sbt¸mepw ImhnhXvIcnt¡WvSXpsWvS¶p IcpXp¶hcmWp `cWs¯ \nb{´n¡p¶Xv. Nne a{´namcpsSbpw Fw]namcpsSbpw {]kvXmh\Ifn¯s¶ AXnsâ kqN\IfpWvSv. cmasâ k´XnIsfbmtWm Pmck´XnIsfbmtWm Pbn¸nt¡WvSsX¶p \n§Ä Xocpam\n¡pI F¶mWtÃm Hcp h\nXm tI{µa{´n UÂlnbnse thm«ÀamtcmSp ]dªXv.

\m\mXz¯n GIXzw F¶ ap{ZmhmIyw kzmX{´ym\´c `mcX¯n Gsd apg§nt¡«ncp¶p. B \m\mXzs¯ \in¸n¨pÅ GIXz¯n\mWp kwL]cnhmÀ {ian¡p¶sX¶p hnaÀiIÀ Ipäs¸Sp¯p¶p. _lpkzcXbv¡pw hnhn[ kwkvImc§Ä¡pw cmPy¯v AÀlamb CSw \ÂIWsa¶p ]dbpt¼mÄ AXp tZiobXbvs¡XncmWv F¶p ]dbp¶nSwhsc AklnjvWpX hfÀ¶ncn¡p¶p.

_nsP]n Ct¸mÄ km¼nÄ shSns¡«v \S¯nt\m¡pIbmsW¶p IcpXp¶hcpWvSv. X§fpsS \o¡§Ä¡p Imcyamb FXnÀ¸pIfpWvSmIp¶nsöp IWvSm IqSpX hym]Iamb ImhnhXvIcW ]cn]mSnIÄ ht¶¡mw. tamZnkÀ¡mcnsâ e£yw ]IÂt]mse hyàambn¡gnªn«pw atXXc iànIÄ Dd¡w \Sn¡pIbmWv. aXiànIÄ `cWw \nb{´n¡p¶ ]m¡nØm\n Xmen_m³ \S¯p¶ `oIchnfbm«§Ä C´y¡mÀ¡pw ap¶dnbn¸mWv.


PpUojdn¡p shÃphnfn

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tamZnbpsS Hcp hÀjw / tUm. t]mfn amXyp apcn¡³þ3

\tc{µtamZn kÀ¡mÀ A[nImctaän«v HcphÀjw ]n¶nSpt¼mÄ `cWIqS¯nÂ\n¶v Gähpa[nIw shÃphnfnIÄ t\cntSWvSnh¶ `cWLS\mØm]\w PpUojdnbmWv F¶ hkvXpX BÀ¡pw \ntj[n¡m\mhnÃ. sacp¡m³ Hcp§nb `cWIqSs¯bpw AXn\p hg§msX {]Xntcm[w XoÀ¯v \o§nb PpUojdnsbbpw BWv Cu Imebfhn IWvSXv.

ap³ AtämÀWn P\d tKm]m kp{_ÒWys¯ kp{]owtImSXn PUvPnbmbn \ma\nÀtZiw sNbvX sImfoPnb¯nsâ in]mÀi tI{µw \ncmIcn¨Xpw AXn\mbn sF_n, kn_nsF dnt¸mÀ«pIfpsS t]cp]dªv A]hmZ§Ä {]Ncn¸n¨Xpw XpSÀ¶p tKm]m kp{_ÒWyw PpUojdnbpsS kzmX{´yw ]cnc£n¡Wsa¶ ktµiw \ÂIns¡mWvSp kzbw ]n³hm§nbXpw P\w ad¶n«nÃ. tKm]m kp{_ÒWy¯nsâ tbmKyXIsf kw_Ôn¨p ap³ No^v PÌokv BÀ.Fw. tem[ \S¯nb Xpd¶ A`n{]mb {]IS\w tI{µkÀ¡mÀ tI«Xmbnt]mepw `mhn¨nÃ. 1987  Atacn¡bn tdm_À«v t_mÀ¡ns\ kp{]owtImSXn PUvPnbmbpÅ \ma\nÀtZiw A]hmZ§Ä {]Ncn¸n¨p sUtam{ImäpIÄ XSªXpt]mepÅ kw`hambncp¶p tKm]m kp{_ÒWy¯nsâ Imcy¯n DWvSmbXv.

]n¶oSv D¶X \oXn]oT§fnse \ymbm[n] \nba\w ssI¸nSnbnsemXp¡m\mbn sImWvSph¶ `cWLS\bpsS 99þmw t`ZKXn \nbahpw tZiob PpUoj \nba\ I½oj³ \nbahpw AanXamb XnSp¡¯n ]mkm¡nbXneqsS PpUojdnsb hcpXnbnem¡pI F¶ tamZn e£yw kÀ¡mÀ Xpd¶pIm«n.

`cW Xocpam\§fn CSs]ScpXv

ap³ {]Xntcm[ sk{I«dn iinIm´v iÀasb I¬t{SmfÀ B³Uv HmUnäÀ P\dembn (knFPn) \nban¨ tI{µ Xocpam\w tNmZywsNbvXpsImWvSv Hcp k¶²kwLS\ kaÀ¸n¨ s]mXpXmXv]cy lÀPn kp{]owtImSXn ]cnKWn¡th AtämÀWn P\d apIpÄ tdmlvXKn \S¯nb A`n{]mb{]IS\w AZv`pXs¸Sp¯p¶Xmbncp¶p. tImSXn sI«n¡nS¡p¶ tIkpIÄ XoÀ¸m¡p¶Xn\p ap³KW\ \ÂInbm aXnsb¶pw `cWXocpam\§fn CSs]«v hnes¸« kabw ]mgm¡n IftbsWvS¶pambncp¶p At±l¯nsâ {]XnIcWw. tamZn kÀ¡mcnsâ PpUojdntbmSpÅ ImgvN¸mSpw AklnjvWpXbpamWv CXneqsS ]pd¯ph¶Xv.

kÀ¡mcnsâ hchvþsNehv IW¡pIÄ ]cntim[n¡p¶ `cWLS\mØm]\amb knFPnbpsS \nba\¯n\p am\ZÞ§Äh¨p kp{]owtImSXn amÀK\nÀtZi§Ä ]pds¸Sphn¡Wsa¶Xmbncp¶p s]mXpXmXv]cylÀPnbnse apJy Bhiyw. AtämÀWn P\densâ {]XnIcWt¯msS lÀPnbn XpSÀ D¯chpIÄ ]pds¸Sphn¡msX kp{]owtImSXn tIkhkm\n¸n¨p ]n³hm§pIbmWpWvSmbXv. Hcp `cWLS\m Øm]\aÃmªn«pw No^v hnPne³kv I½ojWÀ \nba\w tNmZyw sN¿p¶ tIkn CSs]«psImWvSp kp{]owtImSXn tI{µkÀ¡mÀ Xocpam\w d±m¡pIbpw Øm]\]camb AhnIev]w F¶ \nba\kn²m´¯n\p cq]w \ÂIns¡mWvSp knhnkn \nba\¯n\pw AXpambn _Ôs¸« ]«nI Xbmdm¡p¶Xn\pw am\ZÞ§Ä ]pds¸Sphn¨t¸mÄ A¶s¯ tI{µkÀ¡mÀ kp{]owtImSXnbpsS CSs]Sen AklnjvWpX ImWn¡pItbm PpUojdnbpsS A[nImcs¯ tNmZywsN¿phm³ apXncpItbm DWvSmbnà F¶Xv ChnsS {]kàamWv.

\b§fpw tNmZyw sN¿phm³ ]mSnsöv

PpUoj ]p\chtemI\ A[nImcw `cWLS\bpsS ASnØm\LS\bmsW¶v FÂ. N{µIpamÀ tIkn (1997) kp{]owtImSXn AkµnKv[ambn {]Jym]n¡pIbpWvSmbn. Cu A[nImcap]tbmKn¨p \nba\§fpw kÀ¡mÀ Xocpam\§fpw ]cntim[n¡phm³ kp{]owtImSXn¡pw sslt¡mSXnIÄ¡pw Ignbpw. \nba\nÀamW¯ntem `cWXocpam\§fntem auenImhImi ewL\§tfm \nbaewL\§tfm IS¶pIqSnbm AXn CSs]«psImWvSv DNnXamb D¯chpIÄ ]pds¸Sphn¡m³ tImSXnIÄ¡v A[nImcapWvSv.

kÀ¡mÀ \b§fpw PpUojdnbpsS ]p\x]cntim[\bv¡p hnt[bamWv. kÀ¡mÀ \b§Ä hnthN\]camIphm³ ]mSnÃ. hnthN\]camb kÀ¡mÀ \b§fn tImSXn¡v CSs]Smsa¶p cmP{io inhcmPv tIkn (2008) kp{]owtImSXn hyàam¡pIbpWvSmbn. hnthN\]camb \b§Ä Xncp¯m³ kÀ¡mcnt\mSv Bhiys¸SpIbpw sN¿mw. kÀ¡mÀ \b§Ä FÃmbvt¸mgpw `cWLS\m]chpw \oXnbpàhpw Bbncn¡Ww. eX Acp¬ tIkn (2002) kp{]owtImSXn CXmWv hyàam¡nbXv. tI{µkÀ¡mcnsâ \b§Ä `cWLS\bpsS 77þmw A\ptOZa\pkcn¨pw kwØm\ kÀ¡mcpIfpsS \b§Ä `cWLS\bpsS 166þmw A\ptOZa\pkcn¨pw cq]s¸Sp¯nbXpambncn¡Ww. \b§Ä kÀ¡mcnsâ _nkn\kv N«§Ä {]ImcapÅXpambncn¡Wsa¶p kp{]owtImSXn AtimImþtImÄ C´y tIkn 2007  hyàam¡pIbpWvSmbn. `cW \nÀhlW A[nImc§Ä F§s\ hn\ntbmKn¡Wsa¶p {]Xn]mZn¡p¶ `cWLS\m hyhØIfmWv 77, 166 A\ptOZ§fn AS§nbncn¡p¶Xv.

kÀ¡mÀ \b§fn Ft¸msgÃmw CSs]Smsa¶p Zneo]v IpamÀ tIkn (2009) kp{]owtImSXn hfsc hniZambn {]Xn]mZn¡p¶pWvSv. \b§Ä `cWLS\m]chpw \nba]chpambncn¡Ww. tkzÑm]camb Zpcpt±iy]ctam BIphm³ ]mSnÃ. \b§fn auenImhImi ewL\§Ä HcpXc¯nepw IS¶pIqSphm\pw ]mSnÃ. \b§fn tImSXnIÄ s]mXpth CSs]Smdnsænepw Hcn¡epw CSs]Sphm³ ]mSnà F¶Ã CXn\ÀYw. Hcp km[mcW {]{Inbsbt¶mWw emLht¯msS kÀ¡mÀ \b§fn tImSXnIÄ CSs]SpIbnÃ. B{Ôm{]tZiv ]»nIv kÀhokv I½oj³ tIkn (2009) kp{]owtImSXn FSp¯ \ne]mSv CXmbncp¶p.

tZiob h\yPohn kwc£W t_mÀUnsâ cq]oIcWhpambn _Ôs¸«p tamZn kÀ¡mÀ kp{]owtImSXnbpsS hnaÀi\w t\cntSWvSnh¶p. h\yPohn kwc£W \nba¯nse 5F hIp¸v {]Imcw tZiob kanXnbn A©v k¶²kwLS\Ifpw 10 hnZKv[cpw DWvSmbncn¡Ww. F¶mÂ, KpPdm¯v Ct¡mfPn¡Â FUyqt¡j³ B³Uv dnkÀ¨v ^utWvSj³ F¶ k¶²kwLS\sbbpw cWvSv hnZKv[tcbpw am{Xw DÄs¸Sp¯n hyhØIÄ ewLn¨mWp tZiob h\yPohn kwc£W t_mÀUn\v tI{µkÀ¡mÀ cq]w \ÂInbXv. CXmWp tImSXnbn tNmZyw sN¿s¸Sphm³ ImcWambXv. kp{]owtImSXn \nÀtZi¯nsâ ASnØm\¯n tI{µkÀ¡mÀ tZiob h\yPohn kwc£W t_mÀUv C¡gnª sk]väw_dn ]p\xkwLSn¸n¨p hnÚm]\and¡phm³ \nÀ_ÔnXambn.

sImfoPnb¯n\p ]Icw PpUoj \nba\ I½oj³

`cWLS\bpsS 50þmw A\ptÑZw PpUojdnsb `cW\nÀhlW kwhn[m\¯nÂ\n¶pw thÀXncn¨p kzX{´ kwhn[m\am¡Wsa¶p {]tXyIw \nÀtZin¡p¶p.

D¶X \oXn]oT§fnse PUvPn \nba\hpw Øewamähpw \nÝbn¨ncp¶ sImfoPnbw kwhn[m\w CÃmbva sNbvXpsImWvSp ]Icw cq]w \ÂInb tZiob PpUoj \nba\ I½oj³ PpUojdnbpsS kwhn[m\ kzmX{´ys¯ CÃmXm¡pIbpw \ymbm[n]·mcpsS \nba\wþØewamäw F¶o Imcy§fn kÀ¡mcn\p taÂssI \ÂIpIbpw sN¿psa¶Xn XÀ¡anÃ. sImfoPnbw No^v PÌokpw apXnÀ¶ kp{]owtImSXn PUvPnamcpaS§nb A©wK kanXnbmWv.

]Icw tI{µ \nbaa{´nbpw cWvSp hnZKv[cpwIqSn DÄs¸« BdwK tZiob PpUoj \nba\ I½ojs\ C¡mcyw G¸n¡m\mWp \nbaw DWvSm¡nbXv. kp{]owtImSXn No^v PÌokpw cWvSp apXnÀ¶ kp{]owtImSXn PUvPnamcpamWp I½oj\nse aäwK§Ä. {][m\a{´nbpw No^v PÌokpw temIvk`bnse {]Xn]£ t\Xmhv Asæn Gähpw henb HäI£nbpsS t\Xmhpw AS§nb kanXnbmWp hnZKv[ AwK§sf sXcsªSp¡p¶Xv.

sImfoPnbw Xocpam\w XÅphm³ sImfoPnbw k{¼Zmb¯n tI{µkÀ¡mcn\p Ignbpambncp¶nsæn ]pXnb kwhn[m\¯n I½oj\nse cWvSwK§Ä hntbmPn¸p {]ISn¸n¨m I½oj³ Xocpam\w hotäm sN¿s¸Spw. ^e¯n tI{µ \nbaa{´n¡v I½oj\nse atäsX¦nepw AwK¯nsâ ]n´pWtbmsS I½ojsâ GXp Xocpam\t¯bpw adnIS¡phm\mIpw F¶XmWp ]pXnb kwhn[m\w DbÀ¯p¶ apJy `ojWn. Npcp¡¯n PUvPn \nba\¯n kp{]owtImSXnbpsS A[nImcw ]cnanXs¸SpIbpw tI{µkÀ¡mcnsâ A[nImcw hÀ[n¡pIbpw sN¿pw. CXp PpUoj kzmX{´y¯n\p `ojWnbmWv.

sImfoPnbw kwhn[m\w t]mcmbvaIfnÂ\n¶p hnapàaÃ. F¶ncp¶mepw AXv cmjv{Sob¡mÀ PUvPnamsc \nÝbn¡p¶ kwhn[m\t¯¡mÄ F´psImWvSpw sa¨s¸«XmWv. PpUoj \nba\ I½oj\nse {]apJ hyànIfpsS tbmKyXItfm Ahsc sXcsªSp¡p¶Xn\pÅ am\ZÞ§tfm \S]Sn{Ia§tfm \nba¯n hyàam¡p¶nÃ. km[mcW {]apJ hyànIsf IsWvS¯pI cmjv{Sob aÞe¯nÂ\n¶mImw. Ahsc \nivNbn¡p¶ kanXn sFIIWvtTy\bmtWm `qcn]£{]ImcamtWm Xocpam\saSpt¡WvSXv F¶pw hyàaÃ.

sImfoPnbw kwhn[m\¯nsâ t]mcmbvaIÄ ]cnlcn¡ms\¶ t]cn ]pXnb kwhn[m\¯neqsS PUvPnamcpsS \nba\m[nImcw PpUojdnbnÂ\n¶p ]nSns¨Sp¡phm\mWv tamZnkÀ¡mÀ {ian¡p¶Xv. CXn\mbn sImWvSph¶ `cWLS\bpsS 99þmw t`ZKXn \nba¯nsâbpw PpUoj \nba\ I½oj³ \nba¯nsâbpw km[pX kp{]owtImSXnbn tNmZywsN¿s¸«pIgnªp.

ChnsSbpw tImSXn \nba\nÀamW§fn CSs]ScpsX¶ kao]\w kzoIcn¨ncn¡p¶ tI{µkÀ¡mÀ hnkvacn¨ncn¡p¶ Hcp hkvXpXbpWvSv. \½psS cmPy¯v `cWLS\bmWv FÃmänepw t{ijvTamb \nbaw. PpUoj ]p\chtemI\ A[nImchpw PpUojdnbpsS kwhn[m\ kzmX{´yhpw ]mÀesaânsâ ]cnanXamb `cWLS\m t`ZKXn A[nImchpw `cWLS\bpsS ASnØm\ kz`mhhpw {]tXyI khntijXIfpamWv. Ch h¨mIpw PpUoj \nba\ I½oj³ \nba¯nsâbpw 99þmw `cWLS\m t`ZKXnbpsSbpw `mhn \nÝbn¡s¸SpI.

ss{S_yqWepIÄ¡pw `ojWn

cmPy¯v ss{S_yqWepIÄ BhiyansömWp tamZn kÀ¡mcnsâ ImgvN¸mSv. AXp ]ckyambn {]Jym]n¡pIbpw sNbvXncn¡p¶p. \oXn\nÀhlW kwhn[m\¯n \oXn\ymb tImSXnIÄ hln¡p¶Xn\p kam\amb tPmenbmWp ss{S_yqWepIfpw \nÀhln¡p¶Xv. AXpsImWvSpXs¶ Ah \oXn\ymb hyhØbpsS Ahn`mPy LSIamWv. Cw¥WvSn 2007þse ss{S_yqW \nbaw ss{S_yqWepIsf tImSXnIsft¸mse kzX{´ \oXn\nÀhlW kwhn[m\¯nsâ `mKam¡n amäpIbpWvSmbn. temIsa¼mSpw ss{S_yqWepIfpw temIv]mepw Hmw_pUvkvam\pw \nbahyhØbpsS `mKambn ^e{]Zambn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶p.

ss{S_yqWepIÄ kÀ¡mcnsâ `mKambn ImtWWvShbÃ. `cWLS\bpsS 323þmw A\ptOZw Ahbv¡p {]tXyI AwKoImcw \ÂIp¶pWvSv. a{Zmkv _mÀ Atkmkntbj³ tIkn (2010) kp{]owtImSXn ss{S_yqWepIfpsS ]¦ns\bpw {]kàntbbpwIpdn¨v A`n{]mbs¸SpIbpWvSmbn. hn[n\ymb¯nse 58þmw JÞnIbn tImSXn C{]Imcw hnebncp¯p¶p. “As Tribunals are free from the shackles of procedural laws and evidence law, they can provide easy access to speedy justice in a cost affordable and user friendly manner”.

]mÀesaâdn P\m[n]Xyw £bn¡p¶pthm?

]mÀesaâdn P\m[n]Xy kwhn[m\¯n PpUojdnbpw FIvknIyq«ohpw sePntɨdpw ]ckv]cw _lpam\t¯msSbpw hnizmkt¯msSbpw {]hÀ¯n¡Ww. `cWLS\sb A´naambn hymJym\n¡m\pw AXnsâ ASnØm\ kz`mh§Ä amä§Ä IqSmsX \ne\nÀ¯phm\papÅ NpaXe PpUojdn¡mWv. PpUojdnbpsS kwhn[m\ kzmX{´y¯n\p £Xta¡p¶Xv BtcmKy]camb P\m[n]Xy¯nsâ \ne\nev]n\v A]ISIcamWv.

`cWLS\bpsS 138þmw A\ptOZa\pkcn¨v kp{]owtImSXnbpsS A[nImcw hÀ[n¸n¡phm\ÃmsX Ipdbv¡phm³ ]mÀesaân\v A[nImcanÃ. kp{]owtImSXnbpsS kzX{´amb \ne\nev]v `cWLS\bpsS 229þmw A\ptOZhpw kwc£n¡p¶pWvSv. D¶X \oXn]oT§fnse \ymbm[n]·msc kÀ¡mÀ DtZymKØcmbn `cWIqSw ImWphm³ {ian¡cpsX¶p kp{]owtImSXn {]Xn`m _m\ÀPn tIkn 1995þ hyàam¡nbXmWv. AhÀ `cWLS\m ]Zhn hln¡p¶hcmWv. tImSXnhn[nIsf CSs]SepIfmbn ImWp¶Xv A]ISIcamb {]hWXmWv. AXns\ {]tNmZ\ambpw Xncp¯Â \nÀtZiambpw ImWphm³ kÀ¡mcn\p IgnbWw.

shÃphnfnIÄ AXnPohn¡ptam?

tI{µkÀ¡mcpw PpUojdnbpw hyXykvX {[ph§fn apJwXncn¨p \n¡p¶ AhØbmWp kwPmXambncn¡p¶Xv. CXv Hcp]t£, `cWLS\m {]XnkÔn¡p hgnsXfnt¨¡mw. PpUojdn shÃphnfnIsf XcWw sN¿p¶ Imcy¯n kwibanÃ. ]t£, AXn\mbn PpUojdn amäs¸Sm\mhm¯ `cWLS\bpsS ASnØm\ kz`mhkn²m´s¯ bmsXmcp Xc¯nepÅ hn«phogvNbvt¡m hyXnNe\§Ät¡m hnt[bamImsX iàambn apdpsI]nSn¨p apt¶dWw. AXsæn PpUojdn Xs¶ PpUojdnbpsS kwhn[m\ kzmX{´ys¯ A]mbs¸Sp¯pIbmhpw sN¿pI. {]Xn_豈 `cWLS\m]cambpw \nba]camb amÀK§fneqsSbpw adnIS¶ Ncn{XamWv C´y³ PpUojdn¡pÅXv. PpUojdnbpsS `cWLS\m]camb A[nImc§Ä ssI¡em¡m³ `cWIqSs¯ A\phZn¨m AXp \nbahmgvN CÃmXm¡pw.


\nthZ\w ]d¶p ]d¶p ]d¶v!

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Hu«v Hm^v td©v / tPm¬k¬ ]qh´pcp¯v

Hcp§nbnd§nb t\Xmhv apäs¯¯n Xncnªpw adnªpw BImit¯¡p t\m¡p¶Xp IWvSpsImWvSmWp `mcy ]pdt¯¡p h¶Xv. t\m«¯nepw `mh¯nepw BsIsbmcp ]´ntISv. CXnbm\v CsX´p ]än? {][m\a{´n¡p \nthZ\w sImSp¡m³ t]mIp¶ kwL¯n ]mÀ«nXs¶bpw DÄs¸Sp¯nsb¶p ]dªv C¶se sshIn«p ho«pImÀ¡pw \m«pImÀ¡pw \nbak`ms^bnw eUp hnXcWw sNbvXp kt´mjt¯msS InS¶pd§nb a\pjy\mWv.

`cWt\«w P\w AdnbWsa¶ hminbn cm{Xnbn¯s¶ ^vsfIvkv ASn¨p Ihebn hbv¡m\pw GÀ¸mSpWvSm¡nbncp¶p. F¶mÂ, cmhnse Ft´m Nn´n¨p sR«nbpWÀ¶Xp apX apJ¯v BsIsbmcp sS³j³.. ]ns¶ Xnc¡n«v Hcp¡hpw _lfhpw. Fs´ms¡tbm tcJIÄ hmcn _mKnen«p t]mIm\nd§nbn«mWv Cu BImiho£Ww. taJemPmYbmbn `mcy hcp¶Xp IWvSt¸mtg t\Xmshm¶p ]cp§n. ]pdt¯¡v Cd§nb `mcybpw BImit¯¡p t\m¡n... C¯ncn ag¡mdv DsWvS¶sXmgn¨m GXmsWvSÃmw ]Xnhpt]mse. A\njvSkw`h§Ä Hgnhm¡m³ DS³ h¶p t\Xmhnsâ adp]Sn: "\o t]Sn¡p¶Xpt]mse H¶panÃ, hntZit¯¡pÅ hnam\w htÃmw t]mIp¶ptWvSmsb¶p t\m¡nbXm... R§Ä¡p {][m\a{´nsb ImWm³ t]mtIWvSXm!'

"AXv ASp¯ BgvNbtÃ.. \n§Ä Ct¸mtg ]cthis¸«v Ft§m«m'?þ `mcy hnSp¶nÃ. "FSo `mtcy.. cmhnse Fgpt¶ät¸mgm Hcp Imcyw HmÀ¯Xv, F\n¡p ]mkvt]mÀ«nÃ. AXymhiyambn F§s\sb¦nepw ]mkvt]mÀ«v kwLSn¸n¡Ww.'’"]mkvt]mÀt«m ? C´ybpsS {][m\a{´nsb ImWm³ t]mIp¶Xn\v F´n\m a\ptjys\ ]mkvt]mÀ«v ?. UÂlnsb¶p ]dbp¶Xv DKmWvSbneÃ'þ `mcybpsS ]cnlmkw.

"UÂln DKmWvSbnesöv Adnbmw ]t£, {][m\a{´n DKmWvSbnemsW¦ntem'?

NndIp hfÀ¶ {][m\a{´nbpÅ \m«n Cu tNmZyw \ymbw! {][m\a{´n¡v Ct¸mÄ hnam\w ImWm³ hs¿¶mWv FXncmfnIfpsS Bt£]w. IWvSm At¸msg NmSn¡bdn GsX¦nepw cmPyt¯¡p ]d¸n¡m³ ]dªpIfbpw. Hcp hÀj¯n\pÅn 18 cmPy§fnte¡mWp {][m\a{´nsbbpwsImWvSv C´y³ hnam\§Ä ]d¶Xv. FÃmhÀ¡pambn hntZibm{Xbv¡p amänh¨ncp¶ 15 tImSn ]pÅn¡mc³ Häbv¡p ]d¶p XoÀ¯p t]mepw. Hcp hÀjambn cmPy¯mbncpt¶m hntZi¯mbncpt¶m hnam\¯nembncpt¶m IqSpX kabw F¶Xp kw_Ôn¨pw XÀ¡apWvSv.

Bscms¡ FXnÀ¯mepw {][m\a{´n t\cn«v CSs]«p hnam\w Cd§m³ XmhfapWvSm¡n¯cpsa¶p tIcf¯n NneÀ ]dªp\S¡p¶Xp Cu hnam\t{]aw Xncn¨dnªn«mIptam Ft´m ?

F´mbmepw ASp¯ XhW hnam\NnÓ¯n aÕcn¨m apXemfnamscÃmw thm«p sN¿psa¶ Imcy¯n sXÃpw kwibnt¡WvSXnÃ.
CXn\nSbnemWv HSphn F¯nb hmÀ¯. C´ybpw hnam\w tdmUn Cd¡nbncn¡p¶p!

C\nbnt¸mÄ Imcy§Ä Ipsd¡qSn Ffp¸ambn. {Sm^n¡pw t»m¡vsNbvXp FbÀt]mÀ«v hsc h¨psI«n t]mtIWvSXnÃtÃm. Hm^oknsâ hmXn Cd§n\n¶p ssIImWn¨m aXnbmIpw. ]ns¶, Atacn¡tbm AâmÀ«n¡tbm Ft§m«p thWsa¦nepw ]d¡mw. AXpsImWvSp \nthZ\w t\cn IWvSp sImSp¡Wsa¶v B{KlapÅhÀ ]mkvt]mÀ«pw hokbpsams¡ ssIhiw IcpXp¶Xv DNnXambncn¡pw. Asæn \nthZ\hpambn t\tc sFkvBÀHbnte¡p t]mhpI. AhnsS\n¶p t]mIp¶ ]nFkvFÂhnbntem atäm sImSp¯phn«m Hcp ]t£, hgn¡ph¨p ssIamdntb¡pw~!


kmKcXocs¯ kac`qanbn khykmNn

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KoXpZmkv

A\pI¼bmWv CXc Nn´m[mcIfn h¨p ss{IkvXhZÀi\s¯ kap¶XØm\¯p {]XnjvTn¡p¶Xv. kvt\lw ]¦ph¨pw ]Tn¸n¨pamWp {InkvXob k` Ncn{X]camb ZuXyw \nÀhln¡p¶Xv. AXnsâ D¯a \nZÀi\amWv ASp¯Ime¯v A´cn¨ ^m. t]mÄ Adbv¡Â F¶ sshZnIt{ijvT³.IS¯ocs¯ aÕysXmgnemfnIÄ F¡me¯pw AhaXn¸n\pw AhKW\bv¡pw Ccbmbncp¶p. AkwLSnXcmbncp¶ Ahsc Hcp cmjv{SobI£nbpw Kuchambn ]cnKWn¨ncp¶panÃ.

ITn\m[zm\w sNbvXp ]nSn¨psImWvSphcp¶ aÕy¯n\p bYmÀY hne e`n¨ncp¶nÃmsb¶p am{Xaà CS¯«pImcpsS NqjW¯nÂs¸«p km¼¯nI ASna¯¯nepambncp¶p AhÀ. CsXÃmw ad¡ms\t¶mWw hcpam\¯nsâ ]IpXnbntesd aZy]m\¯n\pw sNehn«ncp¶p.

Ip«nIsf ]Tn¸n¡Wsa¶p amXm]nXm¡Ät¡m ]Tn¡Wsa¶ Bi Ip«nIÄt¡m DWvSmbncp¶nÃ. ho«½amcpsS ØnXn Gsd Zb\obambncp¶p. `À¯mhnt\m a¡Ät¡m e`n¡p¶ sNdnb hcpam\w sImWvSp PohnXw XÅn\o¡m³ AhÀ \nÀ_ÔnXcmbncp¶p. IpSpw_kam[m\sa¶Xp ZpÀe`amtb e`n¨ncp¶pÅp.

XoctZi¯msI Cu ØnXn hntijw \ne\n¡pt¼mgmWv ^m. t]mÄ Adbv¡Â ]p¶{] F¶ ]gb hn¹h `qanbnte¡v CShI hnImcnbmbn F¯p¶Xv. Bip]{Xntbm ¢n\nt¡m {KÙimetbm hmb\imetbm {Kma¯n CÃ.

\nc£ccpw Zcn{Zcpw kwLSn¡m\dnbm¯hcpamb ]mhs¸« ao³]nSp¯¡mcpsS ]cntZh\§Ä¡p sNhn sImSp¡m³ BcpapWvSmbncp¶nÃ. H¶pds¡ kwkmcn¡m³t]mepw Cu ]mh§Ä¡p Ignbpambncp¶nÃ. ]nSn¨psImWvSphcp¶ ao\nsâ hne]dbm\pÅ AhImiw N´bnÂt]mepw aäpÅhÀ¡mbncp¶p. hoÀ¸pap«n Ignbp¶ kµÀ`¯nemWv AhÀ¡v ]pXnb hnImcn hs¶¯p¶Xv.

DuÀPkze\mb bphsshZnI\n Hcp c£Is\ AhÀ ImWpIbmbncp¶p. k¦S§Ä At±l¯nsâ ap¶n AhÀ sI«gn¨phn«p. ]cmXnIfpambn F¯p¶hcpsS F®w Hmtcm Znhk
hpw IqSn¡qSnh¶p. sNdp¸¡msc At±lw hnfn¨pIq«n. kwLÀj `cnXambncp¶p XpSÀ¶pÅ Zn\§Ä. Bcpw XfÀ¶pt]mIp¶ {]XnkÔnL«§fnÂt]mepw At±l¯n\v NphSpsXänbnÃ. FÃmw im´ambt¸mÄ ]mhs¸« ao³]nSp¯¡mÀ¡p e`n¨Xp \s«Ãpw Bßhnizmkhpambncp¶p.

aÕys¯mgnemfnIsf hnZym`ymkw sN¿n¡pIbpw AdnhpÅhcm¡pIbpw sNbvsX¦n am{Xta AhÀ kzbw kÖcmIpIbpÅp F¶t±lw a\knem¡n. XmaknbmsX ]ÅntbmSptNÀ¶v hmb\imebpw {KÙimebpw Øm]n¨p. bwKv {InÌy³ hÀt¡gvkv F¶ kwLS\bpWvSm¡n. sNdp¸¡mÀ¡nSbn t_m[hXv¡cWw \S¯n.

kzXzw Xncn¨dnª aÕys¯mgnemfnIsf iàamb Hcp kwLS\bpsS Iogn Hcpan¸n¡p¶Xn\v ^m. Adbv¡Â Xocpam\n¨p. Xo{hamb A[zm\w thWvSnhs¶¦nepw It¯men¡m aÕys¯mgnemfn bqWnb³ F¶ kwLS\ HSphn ]ndhnsbSp¯p. sIm¨n apX sXt¡bäs¯ sImÃt ¦mSp hsc bqWnbsâ {]hÀ¯\§Ä hym]n¸n¡m³ At±l¯n\p Ignªp.

aÕys¯mgnemfn h\nXIsf Hcpan¡m\pÅ {ia§fpw Bcw`n¨p. Irjnbpw IpSn hyhkmbhpw AhÀ¡nSbn ioeam¡p¶Xn\pÅ {]hÀ¯\§fmWp e£yan«Xv. aÕys¯mgnemfnIfpsS a¡fn Bßhocyw hÀ[n¸n¡p¶Xn\mbn Hcp hnZymÀYn bqWnb\pw cq]oIcn¨p.

]c¼cmKX aÕys¯mgnemfnIsf ]«nIPmXn ]«nIhÀK¯nÂs¸Sp¯Wsa¶pw AhcpsS Ip«nIÄ¡p ]«nIPmXn]«nIhÀK¯nÂs¸« hnZymÀYnIÄ¡p \ÂIp¶ hnZym`ymk B\pIqey§sfÃmw \ÂIWsa¶pw ^m. Adbv¡Â kÀ¡mcnt\mSv Bhiys¸«p. ISen A]IS¯n acn¡p¶ aÕys¯mgnemfnbpsS IpSpw_¯n\p \jvS]cnlmcw \ÂIpI, ]c¼cmKX aÕysXmgnemfn¡p hmÀ[IyIme s]³j³ A\phZn¡pI, hdpXnbpsS \mfpIfn kuP\ytdj³, A©phÀjw sImWvSv FÃm aÕys¯mgnemfnIÄ¡pw `h\§Ä, XoctZi¯v kÀ¡mÀ Bip]{XnIÄ, NmIc Øe§fn samss_ ¢n\n¡pIÄ, XoctZi ]©mb¯pIÄ F¶o Bhiy§Ä At±lw D¶bn¨p. Xoc¡Sen aÕy_Ô\ t_m«pIfpsS ao³]nSp¯w \ntcm[n¡p¶Xn\pÅ \nÀt±ihpw kaÀ¸n¨p. Ch t\SnsbSp¡p¶Xn\mbn At±lw F®aä bm{XIfmWp XeØm\ \Kcnbnte¡p \S¯nbXv.

Hcp\mÄ _m_p Fs¶mcp bphmhv Xoc¡Sen t_m«nSn¨p sImÃs¸«p. AbmfpsS hÅhpw hebpw \jvSs¸SpIbpw sNbvXp. A¯mWn \jvSs¸« IpSpw_¯n\p \jvS]cnlmcw \ÂIWsa¶ Bhiyw _[nc IÀW§fnemWp ]Xn¨Xv.

KXy´canÃmsX ^m. Adbv¡Â kaccwK¯nd§n. A¶s¯ B`y´c a{´nbpsS HutZymKnI hkXn¡pw ]n¶oSp sk{It«dnbän\pw ap¶n At±lw kXy{Klancp¶v AdÌp hcn¨p.

XoctZi P\X ^m. Adbv¡en AN©eamb hnizmkamWÀ¸n¨ncp¶Xv. AXpsImWvSmWp t^mÀ«psIm¨nbn 150 aÕys¯mgnemfn IpSpw_§sf sFF³Fkv t{ZmWmNmcybv¡pthWvSn IpSnsbmgn¸n¡p¶Xn\p t\m«okv \ÂInbt¸mÄ At±l¯n Xs¶ AhÀ A`bw tXSnbXv. ]p\c[nhmk¯n\p ]²XnbnÃmsXbpÅ Hgn¸n¡ens\ At±lw FXnÀ¯p. GsdbIsebÃmsX aÕys¯mgnemfnIsf IpSnbncp¯m³ Ahkcsamcp¡nbXn\ptijta At±lw kaccwK¯p\n¶pw ]n·mdnbpÅp.

AÀ¯p¦Â ]Ån hnImcnbmbncns¡ {]kn² XoÀYmS\ tI{µamb AhnSps¯ s]cp¶mfnsâ km{¼ZmbnI coXnIfn At±lw amäw hcp¯n. DbÀ¯m\pÅ sImSn tIcf¯nsâ hnhn[ tI{µ§fnÂ\n¶v sImWvSph¶pXpS§n. s]cp¶mÄ Zn\§fn kotdmae_mÀ, kotdmae¦c do¯pIfnepÅ Znhy_enIÄ DÄs¸Sp¯n. sIm¦WnbS¡w Z£ntW´ybnse hnhn[ `mjIfn _enbÀ¸n¡m³ Ahkcsamcp¡n. hnip² Nmhdb¨³ ]«taä Aįmcbpw Xmakn¨ncp¶ apdnbpw kµÀiIÀ¡v Xpd¶psImSp¯p. tNÀ¯e Xmeq¡nse s]cp¶oÀawKew sN¯n {Kma¯nse Adbv¡Â Xdhm«nemWv At±lw P\n¨Xv. Aѳ tPmk^v Adbv¡Â a{Zmkv {]knU³kn tImfPn tUm. Fkv. cm[mIrjvWsâ CjvShnZymÀYnbpw, tIcf It¯men¡cnse BZyIme _ncpZ[mcnIfnsemcmfpambncp¶p. ImªqÀ skâv sk_mÌy³kv sslkvIqfn ZoÀLImew A[ym]I\pw ]n¶oSv slUvamÌdpambncp¶p. A½ FkvtXÀ sIm¨nbn BZys¯ A¨pIqSw Øm]n¨ IpSpw_¯nse AwKhpw. ]nXrktlmZc·mcn HcmÄ \m«psa{Xm\pthWvSn hntZinItfmSv Ieln¡pIbpw JmZn hkv{Xw [cn¡pIbpw sNbvX ]ptcmKa\mib¡mc\mbncp¶ ^m. t]mÄ Adbv¡Â ko\nbdpw asämcmÄ emän³ {InÌy³ almP\k`bpsS Øm]I t\Xmhmbncp¶ PUvPn tP¡_v Adbv¡epambncp¶p. G{]n 22þ\v 80 þmw P·hmÀjnIZn\¯nÂXs¶ PohnXN{Iw ]qÀ¯nbm¡n ^m. t]mÄ Adbv¡Â HmÀabmbn.






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