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tamZn AdnbWw, Cu au\w hmNmeaÃ

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UÂln Ubdn / tPmÀPv IÅnhbenÂ

kvIqÄ ]T\Ime¯p {]kwK¯nepw \mSI¯nepambncp¶p \tc{µ tamZnbpsS {]mKÛyw. tamZnbpsS hmIvNmXpcnbpw \S\ ssh`hhpw KpPdm¯nse hUv\Kdnse kvIqfnse A[ym]Icpw kl]mTnIfpw At¶ Xncn¨dnªp. ]T\¯n km[mcW \nehmcw am{Xta DWvSmbncp¶pÅqsh¦nepw X\Xpssien sImWvSp kvIqfnse {i²mtI{µambncp¶p tamZn.

Ct¸mÄ 64 hbkn \S¡pt¼mgpw {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZn A]qÀh Xmcw Xs¶. kwkmchpw au\hpw icoc`mjbpw apX `cWssien hsc F´nepw tamZn hmÀ¯Ifn {]mapJyw t\Sp¶p. kzX{´`mcX¯nsâ `mKt[bw amänadn¨ sXcsªSp¸nse Ncn{XhnPb¯neqsS UÂlnbn XpS§nb ]pXnb C¶nwKvkv tamZn¡p ]pXnb ]co£WimebpamIpw. C´ybv¡p kzmX{´yw In«n aq¶p hÀj¯n\p tijw P\n¨ \tc{µ ZmtamZÀZmkv tamZn, B[p\nI C´ybpsS \mSImNmcysâ tdmfnemWnt¸mÄ.

_mey¯nte kwL_Ôw

F«mw hbkn BÀFkvFkpambn ASp¯ tamZn {]mtZinI imJbnse ]cnioe\¯n kPoh ]¦mfnbmbn. _me kzbwtkhIv BbXn\ptijw 1971 apX apgpkab {]NmcI\pw 1978 apX taJem HmÀKss\kdpw Bbncp¶ tamZnbpsS BÀFkvFknt\mSpÅ Iqdp clkyaÃ. 1975 Pq¬ 26\p {][m\a{´n CµncmKmÔn cmPy¯v ASnb´cmhØ {]Jym]n¨Xpw BÀFkvFkns\ \ntcm[n¨Xpw tamZnbpsS kwLmS\ anIhp {]ISam¡m³ Ahkcambn.

HfnPohnX Ime¯v BÀFkvFknsâ t]mjI kwLS\bmb F_nhn]nbpsS {]NmcIv C³ NmÀPv Bbncp¶ tamZn ASnb´cmhØ¡me¯v AdÌv Hgnhm¡m³ KpPdm¯nse§pw thjw amdn bm{X sNbvXncp¶p. A¶s¯ tI{µkÀ¡mcns\Xntc ]pkvXI§sfgpXp¶Xnepw A¨Sn¨p hnXcWw sN¿p¶Xnepw tamZn anIhp Im«n. tIm¬{Kkv kÀ¡mcns\Xntc {]t£m`§Ä kwLSn¸n¡p¶Xnepw Ct±lw ap¶nepWvSmbn. ASnb´cmhØ¡mes¯ A\p`h§fpambn kwLÀjv am KpPdm¯v (KpPdm¯nsâ t]mcm«§Ä) F¶ ]pkvXIhpw tamZn FgpXnbn«papWvSv.

BÀFkvFkv A\p{Kln¨p hn«p

1985 BÀFkvFkv BWv tamZnsb _nsP]nbnte¡p \ntbmKn¨p kPoh cmjv{Sob¯nte¡p \bn¨Xv. aq¶p hÀj¯n\Iw KpPdm¯v _nsP]nbpsS HmÀKss\knwKv sk{I«dnbmb tamZnbmWv FÂ.sI. AUzm\nbpsS 1990se cYbm{X KpPdm¯n hnPbam¡p¶Xn\p Np¡m³ ]nSn¨Xv. 1995 \hw_dn _nsP]n tZiob P\d sk{I«dnbmbn UÂlnbnte¡p hWvSn Ibdnb tamZn 2001 HIvtSm_dn KpPdm¯v apJya{´nbmbmWp \m«n Xncns¨¯nbXv.

2002 s^{_phcnbnse tKm{Z kw`hhpw ]n¶oSpWvSmb hÀKob Iem]hpsaÃmw \tc{µ tamZnsb cmPys¯ Gähpw Icp¯\mb lnµpXz apJam¡n amäpIbmbncp¶p. KpPdm¯v apJya{´nsb¶ \nebn t\Snb `cW]cnNbhpw BÀFkvFknsâ ]n´pWbpw tNÀ¶t¸mÄ tamZn _nsP]nbpsS {]_e \mbI\pw {][m\a{´nbpambsXms¡ cmPy¯n\p ]pXnb {]Xo£ \ÂIn.

{]Xo£Ifn \ng hogcpXv

C´ybnse P\§tfmsSm¸w temIhpw tamZnbpsS `cWs¯ {]Xo£tbmsSbmWp ho£n¡p¶Xv. ]¯p hÀjw XpSÀ¨bmbn `cW¯nencp¶ bp]nF kÀ¡mcns\Xncmb hnImchpw cmPysa§pw HmSn\S¶p tamZn \ÂInb hmKvZm\§fpw {]Xo£Ifpambncp¶p _nsP]n¡p henb P\hn[n \ÂIm³ P\s¯ t{]cn¸n¨Xv. kvIqÄ ]T\Ime¯p t\Snb {]kwKNmXpcnbpw \S\ssh`hhpw \¶mbn {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯p¶Xn tamZn t\Snb hnPbhpw Ncn{XhnPb¯n Xm§msb¶Xn i¦nt¡WvS.

k_v tI km¯v, k_v tI hnImkv F¶ {Xkn¸n¡p¶ ap{ZmhmIyhpambn cmPys¯ apgph³ BfpIÄ¡pw hnIk\hpw t£ahpw hmKvZm\w sNbvXmWp tamZn UÂlnbnse sNt¦m« ]nSn¡m\pÅ tXtcm«w \S¯nbXv. AXn\m Xs¶ aX\yq\]£§Ä DÄs¸sS cmPys¯ hensbmcp hn`mKw tamZn¡p thm«p sNbvXp. GsX¦nepw Nne hn`mK§fpsS am{Xw `cWm[n]\söp sXfnbn¡m³ XpS¡¯n tamZn {]kwK¯nepw {]hr¯nbnepw {ian¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

Atacn¡bn \yqtbmÀ¡nse amUnk¬ NXzcw apX Hmkvt{Senbbn knUv\nbnse tÌUnbw hsc tamZn \S¯nb {]kwK§Ä temIsa§papÅ C´y¡mscbpw temIs¯bmsIbpw Bthiw sImÅn¨Xpw kao]Ime Ncn{Xw.

tamSn Ipdbp¶pthm?

`cW¯nse¯n Ggmw amk¯nse¯nbt¸mÄ tamZn amdn¯pS§ntbm F¶mWp Nnesc¦nepw Nn´n¡p¶Xv. {][m\ambpw `cWImcy¯nepw tZiob cmjv{Sob Imcy§fnepw {][m\a{´n ]men¡p¶ au\amWp NÀ¨mhnjbw.

au\n_m_sb¶v Bt£]w tI« a³taml³ knwKn\p tijw hmNme\mb \tc{µ tamZnbpsS IS¶phchv cmPys¯ P\w kt´mjt¯msS BtLmjn¡pIbmbncp¶p. ]t£ cmPys¯bmsI ]nSn¨pIpep¡p¶ tZiob kw`hhnImk§tfmSp {]XnIcn¡msX tamZn XpScp¶ au\w AZv`pXIcamWv. ]mÀesaânepw ]pd¯pw cmPys¯ ]pXnbIme hnhmZ§tfmSp {]XnIcn¡m³ {][m\a{´n hnk½Xn¡p¶Xp icnbÃ.

kwL]cnhmÀ kwLS\IÄ \S¯p¶ \nÀ_ÔnX aX]cnhÀ¯\w, {Inkvakv Zn\¯n hnZymeb§fn apgpZn\ ]cn]mSnIÄ \S¯m\pÅ tI{µkÀ¡mÀ D¯chv F¶nh apX BtKmf {IqUv Hmbn hnebnse CSnhn\v A\pkcn¨p hne¡pdhp P\§Ä¡p \ÂIm¯Xpw s]t{Smfnbw DXv]¶§fpsS \nIpXn Iq«nbXpw AS¡w \nch[n Imcy§fnemWp tamZn au\w ]men¡p¶Xv. cmPys¯ am[ya{]hÀ¯Icpambn Xpd¶p kwhZn¡m\pw ]{X{]hÀ¯IcpsS tNmZy§Ä¡p D¯cw ]dbp¶Xnepw {][m\a{´n sshapJyw XpScp¶p.

H¶p anWvSn¡mWm³

{][m\a{´namcpsS ]Xnhmb ]{Xkt½f\§tfm am[ya{]hÀ¯IcpambpÅ A\u]NmcnI kwkmc§tfm tamZn GXmWvSp ]qÀWambn Hgnhm¡n. kwkmcw Xs¶ s]mXpth IpdhpÅ ap³Kmanbmb a³taml³ knwKv t]mepw GXm\pw ]{Xkt½f\§fpw am[ya{]hÀ¯IcpambpÅ IqSn¡mgvNIfpw \S¯nbncp¶p. hntZibm{XIÄ¡nsS hnam\¯n ]{Xkt½f\w \S¯p¶Xnepw At±lw aSnIm«nbn«nÃ. F¶mÂ, CXpt]mepw tamZn Dt]£n¨p. hntZibm{XIfn am[ya{]hÀ¯Isc {][m\a{´nbpsS hnam\¯n H¸wsImWvSpt]mIp¶ ]Xnhv tamZn Ahkm\n¸n¨tXmsS tZiob, {]mtZinI ]{X{]hÀ¯IcpambpÅ Bibhn\nab§Ä t]mepw CÃmXmbn.

tamZnbpsS Ct¸mgs¯ au\w X{´]camsW¶p hyàw. C´ybv¡p ]pd¯p sNÃpt¼mgpw \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸p \S¡p¶ kwØm\§fn hym]I {]NmcW¯n\p sNÃpt¼mgpw tamZn ]gbXpt]mse hmNme\mWv. ]mÀesaâdn P\m[n]Xy¯nsâ {iotImhnemb ]mÀesaânt\mSp tamZn ]peÀ¯p¶ Hcp Xcw AI¨ Bi¦mP\IamWv.

]mÀesaân ]cnNb¡pdthm?

cmPy¯nsâ `cW¯ehs\¶ \nebn {][m\a{´n Ignbp¶nSt¯mfw IqSpX kabw temIvk`bnepw cmPyk`bnepw lmPcmbn NÀ¨IÄ {ihn¡pIbpw Ahiy kµÀ`§fn CSs]«p {]XnIcn¡pIbpw \nba\nÀamW {]Inbbn `mK`m¡mIpIbpw sNt¿WvSXpWvSv. {]tXyIn¨p ]mÀesaân ap³]cnNbanÃm¯bmfmWp \½psS {][m\a{´n. KpPdm¯v \nbak`bnse A\p`h]mc¼cyw ]mÀesaân tamZn¡p Icpt¯IpIbpw sN¿pw.

{][m\a{´n k`bnse¯pIbpw cmPys¯ hÀKobXsb¡pdn¨pÅ NÀ¨bv¡p adp]Sn ]dbpIbpw sN¿Wsa¶ {]Xn]£ Bhiyt¯mSp tamZn apJw Xncn¨p\n¶Xp aqew cmPyk`m kt½f\w IgnªbmgvN k¼qÀWambn kvXw`n¨p. hymgmgvN {][m\a{´n k`bnepWvSmbncp¶n«pw Cubmhiyt¯mSp {]XnIcn¡msX au\w ]men¡pIbmbncp¶p. ap«mbpànIÄ D¶bn¨p ]mÀesaâv kt½f\w ]msS kvXw`n¸n¡p¶ {]Xn]£ kao]\t¯mSp tbmPn¸nÃ. {InbmßI {]Xn]£sa¶ tdmÄ {]Xn]£ t\Xm¡fpw hnkvacn¡cpXv.

FÃmw Xpd¶p ]dbWw

F¶mÂ, cmPys¯ P\{]Xn\n[n k`mwK§tfmSp {]XnIcn¡m³ {][m\a{´n sshapJyhpw ]nip¡pw ImWn¡p¶Xp \à kqN\bÃ. ]mÀesaâdn P\m[n]Xy¯n ]mÀesaân\mWp ]cam[nImcw. A[nImcsa¶Xntesd cmPys¯ P\§fpsS iÐw {]Xn[z\n¡p¶ k`tbmSp {][m\a{´n AI¨ ]men¡m³ ]mSnÃ. Fw]namcmWp {][m\a{´nsb sXcsªSp¡p¶Xv. Fw]namcpsS H¶ma\mWv {][m\a{´nbmIp¶bmÄ. GXp Xc¯nepw P\{]Xn\n[nk`ItfmSp `cW¯eh\v BZchpw ASp¸hpw Xpd¶p a\kpw thWw. FÃm¯n\pw apIfnemWp Xms\¶ tXm¶Â t]mepw A]IS¯nte¡mIpw \bn¡pI.

GXmbmepw apwss_ `oIcm{IaW tIknse apJy{]Xn kmJnbpÀ dlvam³ eJvhn¡p ]m¡nØm\n Pmayw A\phZn¨Xns\¡pdn¨p temIvk`bn {]kvXmh\ \S¯m³ {][m\a{´n Xbmdmbn. C´ybpsS {]Xntj[w ISp¯ `mjbn Xs¶ ]m¡nØms\ Adnbn¨Xmbn {][m\a{´n tamZn C¶se temIvk`bn ]dªp.

AXnÀ¯n IS¶pÅ `oIcXbvs¡Xntc cmjv{Sobw ad¶p cmPys¯ Fw]namscÃmw tbmPn¨p\n¡p¶ ]Xnhv XpScp¶Xp BimhlamWv. C¡mcy¯n cmjv{Sobansöp `cWþ {]Xn]£ t\Xm¡Ä Hcpt]mse hyàam¡n. ]mÀesaâv {]tabw ]mkm¡Wsa¶ Bhiyhpw kÀ¡mcpw kv]o¡dpw AwKoIcn¨p. CXn\p ]n¶msebmWp {][m\a{´n k`bnse¯n kÀ¡mcnsâ \ne]mSv hniZoIcn¨Xv.

C´y tXSp¶ `oIc³ eJvhn¡p Pmayw \ÂInbXns\¡pdn¨p ]mIv {][m\a{´n \hmkv sjco^v F´p hniZoIcWamWp \ÂInbsX¶p {][m\a{´n k`sb Adnbn¡Wsa¶ tIm¬{Kkv t\Xmhv aÃnImÀPp³ JmÀsKbpsS Bhiyw tamZn AwKoIcn¡pIbmbncp¶p. Fw]namcpsS hnImcw IW¡nseSp¯pÅXmIpw kÀ¡mcnsâ C\nbpÅ \S]Snsb¶pw hntZiImcya{´n kpja kzcmPv Xn¦fmgvN k`sb CXv Adnbn¡psa¶pw {][m\a{´n hyIvXam¡n. tamZnbpsS {]kvXmh\sb XpSÀ¶p temIvk` H¶S¦w ]mIv tImSXn \S]Snsb A]e]n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. C´ybpsS {]Xntj[w aqew Asænepw eJvhnsb ]m¡nØm³ C¶se hoWvSpw XS¦enem¡nbXp ip`hmÀ¯bpambn.

Cu au\w `qjWaÃ

F¶mÂ, aäp Imcy§fn CtX kao]\aà {][m\a{´nbn \n¶pWvSmIp¶Xv. ]mÀesaânt\mSpt]mepw AI¨ ]men¡p¶psh¶ tXm¶Â t]mepw P\m[n]Xys¯ ZpÀ_eam¡pw. AXntesd, cmPys¯ Bi¦bnem¡nb hÀKobhmZnIfpsS \S]SnIsf ]ckyambn XÅn¸dbm³ {][m\a{´n XbmdmIm¯Xp atXXc cmPy¯nsâ sFIy¯n\pw ka{K hfÀ¨bv¡p tZmjIcamIpw.

kÀ¡mcnsâbpw {]Xn]£¯nsâbpw ]nSnhmin sImWvSp hÀKob kwLÀj§sf¡pdn¨p cmPyk`bn \St¡WvSnbncp¶ NÀ¨ Aeknt¸mbXpw cmPyk`m \S]SnIÄ Xs¶ ]msS kvXw`n¨Xpw hfsc B]XvIcamb {]hWX IqSnbmIpw. cmPyk`bnse¯n tI«ncp¶n«pw {]XnIcn¡msX Øewhn« tamZnbpsS kao]\w {InbmßIamInÃ. {]Xn]£s¯ IqSn hnizmk¯nseSp¯mIWw {][m\a{´nbpw kÀ¡mcpw `cWhpw ]mÀesaâv \S]SnIfpw apt¶m«p\bnt¡WvSXv.

NÀ¨bv¡p {][m\a{´nbÃ, B`y´c a{´ntb adp]Sn ]dbpIbpÅqsh¶ tI{µkÀ¡mcnsâbpw {][m\a{´n Xs¶ adp]Sn ]dtª aXnbmIqsh¶ {]Xn]£¯nsâ ZpÀhmin am{Xaà {]iv\w. \nÀ_ÔnX aX]cnhÀ¯\w Bcp \S¯nbmepw XSbpsa¶p {]Jym]n¡m\pÅ BÀPhw \tc{µ tamZn ImWnt¡WvSXpWvSv. hnhmZ§fpw A{Ia§fpw hÀKobXbpaÃ, adn¨p cmPy¯nsâbpw P\§fpsSbpw hnIk\, t£a Imcy§fnemIWw {][m\a{´nbpw kÀ¡mcpw {i²nt¡WvSXv.


sabv¡v C³ C´y bmYmÀYyam¡nbXp IÀjI³

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tUm.Fw.kn. tPmÀPv, C³^mw \mjWÂ {SÌn

sabv¡v C³ C´y F¶Xp {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZn C´y¡I¯pw hntZi ]cyS\¯nepw DbÀ¯n¸nSn¡p¶Xpw C´ybn DXv]mZn¸n¡pI F¶ ktµiw Xo{hambn bmYmÀYyam¡p¶Xn\v Dt±in¨n«pÅXpamb ap{ZmhmIyamWv.

FÃm `cWm[nImcnIÄ¡pw Ignbp¶{X DXv]¶§Ä X§fpsS cmPy¯v DXv]mZn¸n¨v kz´w te_en aäpÅhÀ¡v F¯n¨psImSp¡m\pÅ XmXv]cyw kzm`mhnIamWv.

cmPy¯nsâ Bhiyw Ignªp aäp cmPy§fnte¡p Ibän Abbv¡p¶ FÃm DXv]¶§fpw sabv¡v C³ C´y F¶ \nÀhN\¯n hcpw. C¯c¯n IW¡m¡pt¼mÄ C´ybnse ]cp¯n IÀjI\pw Icn¼pIÀjI\pw d_À IÀjI\psaÃmw sabv¡v C³ C´y hn`mK¯nÂs¸« DXv]mZIcmWv. F¶m Cu hkvXpX C´ybnse IÀjIcpw `cWs¯ \nb{´n¡p¶ cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nIfpw `cWþ \bcq]oIcW¯n t\cn«p {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ DtZymKØcS¡apÅ kwhn[m\§fpw {i²n¡msXt]mIp¶p.

kwcw`I³ F¶Xv Ct¸mÄ am[ya§fn¡qSn ]cnNnXamb Hcp hm¡mWv. shdpsX InS¶ncp¶ `qanbn kmlNcyhpw ImemhØbpw kq£vaambn ]cntim[n¨v A\ptbmPyamb Irjnbnd¡p¶ IÀjI³ kwcw`I³ F¶ hntijW¯n\Àl\tÃ? Ip¯s\ NcnªpInS¡p¶ `qanbn as®men¸p XSªv, agshůnsâ thKw \nb{´n¨p `qanbn¯s¶ Xmgp¶Xp {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯msa¶p IWvSp]nSn¨p \S¸m¡nb IÀjI³ bYmÀY kwcw`I\tÃ? kwcw`Ihmk\ CÃm¯ Hcp hyàn¡v C¯c¯n Nn´n¨p anI¨ ¹m\nwtKmSpIqSn GsäSp¯p \S¯p¶ {]{Inbsb bmYmÀYyam¡p¶Xn\p km[n¡ptam?

Gähpw \à kwcw`Icpw kwcw`Ihmk\bpÅhcpw sabv¡v C³ C´y F¶ ktµiw DÄs¡mWvSp {]hÀ¯n¡p¶hcpw ChnSs¯ IÀjI kaqlamsW¶XmWv CXns\ÃmapÅ D¯cw. Gähpw IqSpX sXmgn \ÂIp¶Xpw ImÀjnItaJebmWv. kwØm\ XeØm\t¯bv¡pw tZiob XeØm\t¯¡pw Abbv¡p¶ P\{]Xn\n[nIsf sXcsªSp¡p¶ Gähpw henb P\kaqlhpw C¯cw kwcw`IXzanIhp sXfnbn¨ P\hn`mKamWv.

{]Xn\n[nIsf sXcsªSp¡p¶ {]mcw`L«¯n Xmsg¯«n {]NmcW tImemle§Ä \S¡pt¼mÄ amdn\n¶p Nncn¡p¶ HcpIq«À DWvSv. hncense®mhp¶ hyhkmbnI kwcw`IcmWv C¡q«À. {]NmcW{]hÀ¯\§fn tafs¡mgp¸p hÀ[n¸n¡p¶Xn\pÅ ]W¯nsâ t{kmXkv ChcmWv. FÃmhÀ¡pw \ÂIp¶Xn\m AXn hnthN\anÃ.

C¯c¯nepÅ Hcp kwhn[m\¯n Gähpw {]mYanI Xe¯n kwcw`IXz anIhp sXfnbn¨ IÀjIÀ ]et¸mgpw ]cn[n¡p ]pd¯mIp¶Xn AZv`pX¯n\v AhImianÃ.

cmPy¯p kzm`mhnI d_À D]tbmKn¡p¶ I¼\nIÄ¡mhiyapÅXnsâ 90 iXam\hpw \ÂIp¶Xv sabv¡v C³ C´y ktµiw DÄs¡mWvSpsImWvSv kzbw kwcw`IXzanIhp sXfnbn¨ ChnSs¯ sNdpInS kwcw`IcmWv. d_À t_mÀUv {]kn²oIcn¨n«pÅ IW¡pIÄ CXp hyàam¡p¶p.

kzm`mhnI d_À DXv]mZ\w

sNdpInS kwcw`IcpsS F®hpw ØehnkvXrXnbpw hyàam¡p¶ IW¡pIfnepw DXv]mZ\cwK¯p {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ kwcw`IcpsSbpw AhcpsS {]hÀ¯\ taJebpsSbpw hÀ[\ ImWn¡p¶Xv sabv¡v C³ C´y ktµiw IqSpX t]cv DÄs¡mÅp¶p F¶XmWv.taep²cn¨ IW¡pIfn¯s¶ A©v G¡dn XmsgbpÅhcpsS F®¯nemWv IqSpX hÀ[\ F¶ hkvXpX ImWn¡p¶Xv. IqSpX sNdpInS kwcw`IÀ Cu cwKt¯¡p IS¶ph¶p F¶XmWv.

kzm`mhnI d_dns\ ImÀjnI hkvXphmbn ]cnKWn¡Wsa¶ hmZKXn Ct¸mÄ Fw]namcpÄs¸sS D¶bn¡p¶pWvSv. AtXmsSm¸w d_dn\pw tXbnebv¡pw Im¸n¡pw tI{µ BZmb\nIpXnbpw CuSm¡p¶psWvS¶p am[ya§fnÂ\n¶pw a\knem¡p¶p. Cu aq¶p Irjnsbbpw thdn«p ImWp¶Xpw tI{µ hmWnPy a{´meb¯nsâ Iognem¡nbXpw cWvSmw ]©hÕc ]²Xn¡mes¯ Hcp tI{µ \nÀtZi{]ImcamWv.

1955 þ60 Ime¯v `q]cn[n \nÀWb \nba§fpsS Bcw`wIpdn¨ ImeL«amWv. At¸mÄ FtÌäv DSaIÄ AhcpsS kzm[o\w tI{µ kÀ¡mcn {]tbmKn¨v `qan XpWvSwXpWvSambm DXv]mZ\s¯bpw cmPy¯nsâ km¼¯nI `{ZXsbbpw _m[n¡psa¶p t_m[ys¸Sp¯n. AX\pkcn¨v FÃm kwØm\§Ä¡pw I¯pIfpw Ab¨p. `cWLS\b\pkcn¨p Irjn Hcp kwØm\ hnjbamsW¶ hkvXpX XXvImew kwØm\ `cWIqS§fpw ad¶p. BßmÀYXbnÃm¯ cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nIfpw bmYmÀYy§Ä¡pt\sc I®S¨p. A§s\ cWvSmw ]©hÕc ]²XnbpsS cq]tcJbnse \nÀtZi{]Imcw d_À, tXbne, Im¸n F¶o IrjnIÄ tI{µ¯nsâ t\cn«pÅ \nb{´W¯nemIpIbpw {]tXyI t_mÀUpIfpsS Iognem¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

2011se sk³kkv {]hÀ¯\§fn F\ypatdäÀamÀ¡pÅ amÀK\nÀtZi¯n d_À IrjnsN¿p¶ kwcw`Isc IÀjIcmbn tcJs¸Sp¯cpsX¶pw tXm«§fn tPmensN¿p¶hsc IÀjIs¯mgnemfnIfmbn ]cnKWn¡cpsX¶pw \njvIÀjn¨ncp¶p. tIcf¯n BZmb¯nsâ ASnØm\¯n BZmb\nIpXn ]ncn¨ncp¶ 1990 hscbpÅ ImeL«§fn d_À, sX§v, PmXn apXemb IrjnIfpsSbpw BZmbw IW¡m¡p¶Xn kwØm\ ImÀjnImZmb \nIpXn hIp¸v DtZymKØÀ IÀjIsc ]oUn¸n¨n«pÅXn\p IW¡nÃ.

tIcf¯n sX§pIrjn¡pWvSmb Zpc´w d_À Irjnsbbpw _m[n¡p¶Xnte¡mWp Imcy§Ä sNs¶¯pI. Ignª \qämWvSnsâ Ahkm\L«w shfns¨®bvs¡Xntc \S¯nb Btcm]W§Ä¡p ap¶n hntZis¯ ]mtambn tem_n Bbncps¶¶ hkvXpX ad¨p]nSn¨p \S¯nb \o¡w hnPbwIWvSXmWv sX§pIrjnsb \new]cnim¡nbXv. AXn\ptijw IÀjIÀ¡v A´kpw Bßhnizmkhpw t\Sns¡mSp¯ Irjnbmbncp¶p d_À. Cu cwK¯v sabv¡v C³ C´y F¶Xn\p ]Icw sabv¡v C³ Xmbve³Uv, sabv¡v C³ Ct´mt\jy F¶ e£yhpambn e£¡W¡n\p S¬ d_À ]e t]cpIfn Uyq«n CÃmsXbpw XpÑamb \nIpXn \ÂInbpw Cd¡paXn¡v C´ybnse d_À hyhkmbnIÄ cwK¯ph¶XmWp {]iv\w KpcpXcam¡nbXv.

Gähpw IqSpX apXÂapS¡pÅXpw sXmgn \ÂIp¶Xpw km¼¯nIcwK¯v IqSpXÂt¸sc DÄs¡mÅm³ IgnhpÅXpamb d_À DXv]mZ\cwKw A[x]Xn¡p¶Xmbn {]ISam¡p¶XmWp \nehnse ØnXnhntijw.

hÀjIme¯p sjbvUn«p Sm¸nwKv \S¯n hcpam\w IsWvS¯p¶XnÂ\n¶p IÀjIÀ ]n·mdp¶p F¶pw Nne IÀjIÀ Sm¸nwKv Bcw`n¡msX DXv]mZ\ {]{InbbnÂ\n¶p hn«p\n¡p¶p F¶pamWp Ipdª tXmXnepÅ DXv]mZ\ \nc¡p ImWn¡p¶Xv. Cu {]hWX hcpwamk§fnepw XpScm\mWp km[yX. kwcw`IXzhmk\bpÅ tIcf¯nse IÀjIÀ aäp taJeIfnte¡p {]hÀ¯\w Xncn¨phnSm\pÅ {]hWX IqSp¶p F¶p kmcw.

cmPys¯ cmjvv{SobI£nIfpw AhÀ \bn¡p¶ kÀ¡mcpIfpw BßmÀYXbnÃm¯ Pev]\§Ä \S¯pI am{XamWp sN¿p¶Xv F¶XmWv ImÀjnItaJebnse kwcw`I Zpc´¯n\p ImcWw.


F´psImWvSp hnZymeb§sf `oIcÀ B{Ian¡p¶p?

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tUm. kt´mjv thc\m\n

]m¡nØm\nse ]pcmX\ \Kcamb s]jhmdnse ssk\nI kvIqfn Xmen_m³ `oIcÀ \S¯nb \nIrãamb Iq«s¡mesb AXy´w sR«temsSbmWp temIw {ihn¨Xv. s]jhmÀ \KclrZb¯nepÅ kvIqfn \S¶ Nmthdm{IaW¯n 141 t]À¡p Poh³ \ãs¸«p. ]Xn\©p hbkn\p Xmsg {]mbapÅ Ip«nIfmbncp¶p AXntesdbpw. F´n\mWp \nc]cm[nIfmb kvIqÄ Ip«nIsf Iq«¡pcpXn \S¯nbXv?

sXlvcnI F Xmen_m³ F¶ AÂIzbvZ _ÔapÅ Xo{hhmZnkwLS\ s]jhmÀ kvIqÄ B{IaW¯nsâ D¯chmZn¯w s]s«¶pXs¶ GsäSp¯p. Nmthdm{IaW¯nsâ D¯chmZn¯w GsäSp¯psImWvSp ]mIv Xmen_m³ hàmhv ]dªXv CXp \hmkv sjco^v kÀ¡mÀ X§fpsS kl{]hÀ¯Isc hS¡³ hkodnØm\n Iq«s¡me sNbvXXn\pÅ {]XnImcsa¶mWv. ]m¡nØm³ kÀ¡mÀ kÀ_p lkv_v F¶ t]cn Xmen_m\p t\tc Nne ssk\nI \S]SnIÄ \S¯p¶pWvSv. AXnsâ {]XnImc¯n\v Ccbm¡s¸«tXm 141 \nc]cm[nIfpw. AXn¯s¶ 132 Ip«nIÄ! AXnhnNn{XamWp Xmen_msâ \ymbhmZ§Ä!

]cmPnX cmjv{S§fpsS ]«nIbnemWp ]m¡nØms\ A´ÀtZiob hnZKv[À CXn\IwXs¶ s]Sp¯nbn«pÅXv. 1947 HmKÌv apX anen«dn, apÃ, am^nb F¶o aq¶p FwIfpsS \nb{´W¯nemWt{X B cmjv{Sw. auehnamcpsSbpw am^nbIfpsSbpw ]nSnbneIs¸« ]m¡nØms\¶ cmjv{S¯nsâ B`y´ckam[m\w Gsd \mfpIfmbn AXy´w ]cnXm]Icamb ØnXnbnemWv.

A^vKm³ Xmen_m\pambn Hcp _ÔhpanÃm¯ ]mIv Xmen_m³ 2007 apXemWp {]hÀ¯\amcw`n¨Xv. apÃm ^kepÅ t\XrXzw \evIp¶ Cu AXnXo{hhmZ kwLS\bpsS kzm¯v Xmgvhc hn`mKamWv 2012  aeme bqk^v kmbnsb shSnh¨Xnsâ D¯chmZnXzhpw GsäSp¯n«pÅXv. aemebv¡p ]n¶oSp s\mt_ kam[m\ k½m\w e`n¨Xv Chsc IqSpX {]tIm]n¸n¨p.

Kh¬saâpambpÅ NÀ¨ CjvSs¸SmXncp¶ asämcp AXnXo{hhn`mKw sajqZnsâ t\XrXz¯nepw kPv\m hn`mKw F¶ t]cn Jm³ skbvZv kPv\bpsS t\XrXz¯nepw kPohambn cwK¯pWvSv. ]m¡nØm\nse ]©m_v {]hniy tI{µoIcn¨p \yq\]£§sf e£ywh¨psImWvSp ]©m_n Xmen_m\pw kPohambn cwK¯pWvSv. ]m¡nØm\nse ]©m_v {]hniybnepw ]mIv A[n\nthi Imjvaocnepambn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ kn]mlnþ jp\_, ejvIÀþCþPm³hn, PbvjvþCþapl½Zv F¶o {Kq¸pIfpw ]mIv `cWIqS¯n\p I\¯ shÃphnfnbmWp krãn¨psImWvSncn¡p¶Xv.

F´psImWvSp hn[zwkI kwLS\IÄ hnZymeb§Ä IpcpXn¡fam¡p¶psh¶p temIsa§pw Ct¸mÄ NÀ¨sN¿s¸Sp¶pWvSv. CâÀ\mjW ss{Iknkv {Kq¸v F¶ Kh¬saâv CXc kwLS\bpsS ]T\{]Imcw, Nmthdm{IaWw \S¶ s]jhmÀ DÄs¸Sp¶ ]m¡nØm\nse ssJ_À ]mIvXp¬Jz {]hniybn am{Xw 2009\pw 2012þ\pw CSbn 800 apX 900 hsc kvIqfpIÄ¡p t\tc B{IaWapWvSmbn. B[p\nI hnZym`ymk¯ns\Xntc am{Xaà Xmen_m³ \nesImÅp¶Xv. kv{XoIfpsSbpw aäpw s]mXp CS§fnse km¶n[ys¯bpw AhÀ At§bäw FXnÀ¡p¶p. AXpsImWvSpXs¶ s]¬Ip«nIfpsS hnZym`ymks¯bpw ISp¯ coXnbn FXnÀ¡pIbpw AXp XSbm³ {ian¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p. CXns\ sNdp¯p\n¶p F¶XmWv aeme bqkp^vkmbnsb s\mt_ k½m\¯n\v AÀlam¡nbXpw.

2014þ Xs¶ ss\Pocnbbn s_ms¡mldmw F¶ `oIckwLS\ \S¯nb kvIqÄ B{IaWhpw AhnsS\n¶p X«ns¡mWvSpt]mb hnZymÀYnIsf aXwamänbXpw Ahsc ASna¨´bn hnäXpsams¡ temIw sR«temSpIqSnbmWp {ihn¨Xv. ss\Pocnbbnse Nnt_mIv kwØm\¯p\n¶v 276 s]¬Ip«nIsfbmWp X«ns¡mWvSpt]mbn aX]cnhÀ¯\w \S¯nbXv.

Ignª Hcp ]XnämWvSmbn temIsa§pw hnZymeb§Ä¡pt\tc Nmthdm{IaW§Ä hÀ[n¨phcp¶ {]hWXbpapWvSv. 2004  sNNv\nbnse s_Âkm\n hnZymeb¯n\p t\tcbpWvSmb B{IaW¯n 300 e[nIw t]À acn¨t¸mÄ AXn 186 Dw Ip«nIfmbncp¶p. 2007þ ]Snªmd³ _mKvZmZnepWvSmb kvIqfm{IaW¯n A©p s]¬Ip«nIÄ sImÃs¸«p. 2014 ss\Pocnbmbnse tbm_v kvIqÄ shSnhbv]n 42 t]À acn¨Xn Gsdbpw Ip«nIfmbncp¶p.

s]jhmdnse kvIqfnepWvSmb `oIcm{IaWs¯ ]m¡nØm\p t\tcbpÅ A{Iaw F¶ \nebv¡p am{Xaà ImtWWvSXv. at[yjysbbpw Z£ntWjysbbpw _Ôn¸n¡p¶ {][m\ I®nIqSnbmWp lnµp]pcmW§fn ]pcpj]pc F¶pw Adnbs¸Sp¶ s]jhmÀ \Kcw.

hS¡p Ing¡³ AXnÀ¯n {]hniybmb ssJ_À ]mIvXqWz {]hniybpsS XeØm\hpw tI{µ`cW{]tZiamb ^m¯m (FATA) bpsS tI{µhpw IqSnbmWp s]jhmÀ \Kcw. GjybpsS \mUoRc¼mb {Km³Uv {Sm¦v tdmUpw Imdt¡mdw sslthbpw IS¶pt]mIp¶ s]jhmdnsâ kam[m\w Dd¸phcpt¯WvSXp Z£ntWjybpsS kam[m\¯n\v BhiyamWv.


Fs¶ SqdnÌv F¶p hnfn¨m aXn!

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Hu«v Hm^v td©v / tPm¬k¬ ]qh´pcp¯v

F«c kocnben A½mbnb½sb acpaIÄ s]mcn¡p¶ cwKw IWvSp ckw]nSn¨ncn¡pIbmWp ho«pImcn. IWvSp ]Tnt¨m XtÅ... F¶ a«n CSbv¡nsS ASp¯ncn¡p¶ kz´w A½mbnb½sb GdpI®n«p t\m¡p¶papWvSv. F¶mÂ, A½mbnb½ Bcm tamfv! acpaIfpsS kocnben henb XmXv]cyw ImWn¡msX ]{XsaSp¯p \nhÀ¯n¸nSn¨ncn¡pIbmWp ]pÅn¡mcn. H³]Xp aWn Bbnt¡ms«So ImWn¨pXcmw F¶ `mhw.

F«ckocnben acpaIÄ A½mbnb½sb s]mcn¡pIbmsW¦n H³]XpaWn kocnben IY amdpw. AhnsS A½mbnb½ acpaIsf £, {X hc¸n¡p¶XmWp hnjbw. AXn\m H³]Xp aWnbmIpt¼mÄ cwK¯n\v BsI amäw. ]{Xw acpaIfpsS ssIbnemIpw. A½mbnb½bpsS I®pIÄ sSenhnj\nepw. ChnsS GdpI®p am{Xambncn¡nÃ, kocnbnen\v AI¼Snbmbn A½mbnb½bpsS hI Nne skÂ^n UbtemKpIfpw DWvSmIpw. Xnc¡Y apdpIp¶tXmsS acpaIÄ sIm¨ns\ \pÅn¡cbn¨n«v ASp¡tftem«p henbpw, \msf F«cbv¡p ImWmsa¶ \ni_vZamb shÃphnfntbmsS.

s]s«¶mWp apä¯v Hcp s]m«ns¯dn tI«Xv. \b]cambn hyXykvX {[ph§fnemsW¦nepw Ccphcpw NmSnsbWoäp hmXn¡te¡p ]mªp. apät¯¡p t\m¡nbt¸mÄ s]m«ns¯dntb¡mÄ iànbn sR«n. ssIbn I¯n¨ ]S¡hpambn ho«nse ]pcpj{]P \n¶p Id§p¶p. IWvSt¸mtg A½mbnb½bpsS apJw Npfnªp: "C¶pw \o \mep ImenemtWm'? CXpw ]dªv AhÀ sh«n¯ncnªv AIt¯¡p t]mbn. \mepImen hcm³ \n§Ä¡p \mWantà a\ptjyt\..!þ ho«pImcn¡pw tZjyw AS¡m\mhp¶nÃ. "FSo \osbms¡ C\nsb¦nepw Aev]w {]mtbmKnIambn Nn´ns¡So. Fs¶sbmcp SqdnÌmsb¦nepw \n\s¡ms¡ IWvSpIqtS? SqdnÌmbm csWvS®w AI¯m¡Wsa¶mWtÃm ChnSps¯ hnZKv[À ]dbp¶Xv. ]ns¶ Fs¶t¸msesbmcmÄ Cu AhØbn cWvSp Imen \n¡p¶Xp {]mtbmKnIamtWmSo.. ChnsS kÀ¡mcp hsc {]mtbmKnIambn Nn´n¡m³ XpS§nbncn¡p¶p, AXnsâ ]S¡am Cu s]m«p¶Xv. a{´nXs¶ ]dªXp tI«ntÃ.. \bw amäpsaSo, Asæn R§Ä \män¡pw.'

B«w Ipdbv¡m\mbn kao]s¯ XqWn ]nSn¯an«tijw tN«³ XpSÀ¶p: "ChnsS h¡oepamÀ¡v _mdmImw BÀ¡pw Hcp hnjahpanÃ. Im¸n¡¨hS¡mÀ¡pw _mdp XpS§mw, t\m t{]m»w. \mc§mshÅw hn¡p¶h\pw Iqfmbn Xpd¡mw _mÀ..! hSt¡m«p t]mIp¶ XohWvSnbpsS s\©¯pw Ipdn¡mw, ae_mÀ... _yq«oj³amÀ¡p _mÀ H¶Ã, cWvSmWv! ]t£, ]mhs¸« apXemfnamÀ¡p am{Xw _mÀ XpS§m³ AhImianà t]mepw!'

tN«sâ _mÀ{]kwKw ]ptcmKan¡p¶Xn\nSbn `mcy {Ia{]iv\w D¶bn¨p: \n§sf´p Sqdnkw ]dªmepw Cu ]cn]mSn ChnsS ]änÃ, Hä _mdpw Xpd¡cpXv. R§sf I®ocpIpSn¸n¡p¶ \n§sfms¡ shÅw In«msX \cIn¡Ww.. D{Kim]¯n\p tijw AhÄ Nhn«n¯pÅn AIt¯¡p t]mbn. `mcybpsS t]m¡pIWvSt¸mÄ \½psS SqdnÌn\p tXm¶n, Cu \m«nse s]®p§sfÃmw kp[oct\Xmhnsâ t\Às]§³amcmbn amdntbm?

aZy\bw amät¡kv BIptam AtXm \mät¡kv BIptam F¶ Bi¦bn sFkn«p Im¯ncn¡pIbmWp P\w. aZyw BtcmKy¯n\p lm\nIcw F¶ ap¶dnbn¸n Aev]wIqSn Iq«nt¨À¡m³ kabambn. tIcf¯n aZy\bhpw BtcmKy¯n\p lm\nIcw!






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