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hoWvSpw ]«mf`ojWn

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{]tXyI teJI³

kzmX{´y¯n\p tijapÅ Ime¯nsâ ]IpXntbmfw ]«mf`cW¯n Ignª cmPyamWp ]m¡nØm³. Ct¸mÄ \memwh«hpw ]«mf¯nsâ `cWw F¯nt¨cmhp¶ \nebmbn.C¯hW A«nadn¡s¸«m \hmkv jco^n\v Hcp dn¡mÀUv kz´amIpw. ]«mfw cWvSpXhW A«nadn¨ P\Iob `cWIqS¯nsâ Xeh³ F¶ dn¡mÀUv.

\nch[n XhW ]«mfhn¹h{ia§Ä DWvSmsb¦nepw CXn\p ap¼v aq¶pXhWbmWp ]mIv ]«mf¯n\p `cWw ]nSn¡m\mbXv. 1958þepw '77 epw '99 epambncp¶p Ah.

C´ys¡m¸w kzmX{´ywIn«nsb¦nepw ]m¡nØm³ 1956þemWp dn¸»n¡mbXv. A¶p KhÀWÀP\dembncp¶ ap³ ]«mfta[mhn taPÀ P\d CkvIµÀ Aen anÀk {]knUâmbn. At±lw {]Jym]n¨ `cWLS\bpsS ASnØm\¯n sXcsªSp¸p \S¶p. Ing¡³ ]m¡nØm³Imc\mb kp{lhÀZn {][m\a{´nbmbn. ]t£, km¼¯nIcwK¯pw hntZicwK¯pw Xncn¨SnIÄ DWvSmbt¸mÄ kp{lhÀZnsb amän. ]n¶mse aäp aq¶p {][m\a{´namscbpw. 1958 HtÎm_À Ggn\p {]knUâv anÀk Im_n\äns\ Unkvankv sNbvXp. ]mÀesaâpw {]hniym Akw»nIfpw a{´nk`Ifpw ]ncn¨phn«p; `cWLS\ d±m¡n. ]«mf\nbaw {]Jym]n¨p. ssk\ym[n]³ P\d Abq_v Jms\ ]«mf`cW ta[mhnbm¡n.

A¶p anÀk tdUntbm {]t£]W¯n ]dªp: "P\m[n]Xy `cWw ]m¡nØm\p ]änbXÃ.'
]Xnaq¶p Znhk¯n\p tijw Abq_v Jm³ anÀksb \o¡wsNbvXp {]knUâv Øm\w Gäp. anÀksb ]n¶oSv \mSpIS¯n.

cmPys¯ inYneoIcW¯nÂ\n¶p c£n¡mh³thWvSnbmWp ]«mf`cWtaÀs¸Sp¯nbsX¶v Abq_v Jm³ ]n¶oSp \ymboIcn¨p. ]mIv kp{]owtImSXn ]«mf`cWs¯ icnh¨p. BhiyIXm kn²m´w (tUmIv{Sn³ Hm^v s\kknän) D¶bn¨mbncp¶p \ymboIcWw.

`cWw]nSn¨tijw ssk\ym[n] Øm\samgnª Abq_v Jm³ 1965þ C´ybpambn bp²¯nteÀs¸«p. A©mgvN \oWvS bp²¯n ]m¡nØm\p I\¯ Xncn¨Sn e`n¨p. 1966þse XmjvsIâv IcmÀ hgn ]m¡nØm\p `qan \ãhpw DWvSmbn. CtXmsS cmPy¯v AkzØXbmbn.

Abq_nsâ hnizkvX hntZiImcya{´nbmbncp¶ kpÄ^n¡À Aen `qt«m P\hnImcw a\knem¡n cmPnh¨v {]t£m`w \bn¨p. 1969 Bbt¸mÄ Abq_v cmPnh¨v ssk\ym[n]³ P\d bmlymJm\v A[nImcw ssIamdn. bmlym ]«mf`cWw XpSÀ¶p.

bmlym Jm³ 1970þ ]m¡nØm\nse {]Ya P\Iob sXcsªSp¸p \S¯n. Ing¡³ ]m¡nØm\nse Ahman eoKn\mbncp¶p `qcn]£w. ]t£ bmlym AhÀ¡v A[nImcw ssIamdm³ XbmdmbnÃ. CXp Ing¡³ ]m¡nØm\n Iem]¯n\pw ]n¶oSp kzmX{´y \o¡¯n\pw hgnsXfn¨p. tj¡v apPo_v dlvamsâ t\XrXz¯n Ing¡³ ]m¡nØm³, _w¥mtZiv F¶ t]cn kzmX{´yw {]Jym]n¨p. C´y _w¥mtZins\ AwKoIcn¨p. ]mIvtk\ _w¥mtZin AXn{Ia§Ä \S¯n. 1971 Unkw_dn ]mIvtk\ C´ysb B{Ian¨p. bp²¯n C´y Pbn¨p; _w¥mtZiv kzX{´ambn. bmlymJm³ cmPnh¨p. `qt«m {]knUâmbn. ]ntähÀjw ]«mf \nbaw d±m¡n. 1973þ ]pXnb `cWLS\ DWvSm¡n. `qt«m {][m\a{´nbmbn.

1977þ `qt«m s]mXp sXcsªSp¸p \S¯n. heXp]£ bmYmØnXnI I£nIÄ ]m¡nØm³ \mjW Aeb³kv (]nF³F) F¶ t]cn kJyapWvSm¡n aÕcn¨n«pw `qt«mbpsS ]m¡nØm³ ]o¸nÄkv ]mÀ«n (]n]n]n) h³ `qcn]£w t\Sn. sXcsªSp¸n Ir{Xnaw Btcm]n¨p {]Xn]£ {]t£m`w XpS§n. {]t£m`w cq£ambt¸mÄ ]«mfta[mhn P\d knbm DÄ lJv 1977 Pqsse A©n\v A[nImcw ]nSn¨p. `cWLS\ kkvs]³UpsNbvXp. ]mÀesaâpw {]hniym Akw»nIfpw ]ncn¨phn«p. ]«mf\nbaw {]Jym]n¨p. `qt«msb XShnem¡n. ]n¶oSv Hcp tIkn h[in£ hn[n¨p Xq¡nen«p sIm¶p. 1979þ P\d knbm {]knUâmbn kzbw Ahtcm[n¨p. C¯hWbpw ]mIv kp{]owtImSXn ssk\nI A«nadnsb icnh¨p.

1988þ hnam\]IS¯n P\d knbm sImÃs¸«Xns\¯pSÀ¶p ]«mf`cWw Ahkm\n¨p. B \hw_dnse sXcsªSp¸n ]n]n]n hnPbn¨p. t_\koÀ `qt«m {][m\a{´nbmbn. cWvSphÀjambt¸mtg¡p P\Iob {]t£m`s¯¯pSÀ¶p {]knUâv CjmIv Jm³ t_\kodns\ ]pd¯m¡n. XpSÀ¶pÅ sXcsªSp¸n \hmkv jco^nsâ kJyw Pbn¨p; t_\ko {]Xn]£ t\Xmhmbn. cmjv{Sob tImfnf¡§Ä 1993þ cmPnhbv¡m³ jco^ns\ \nÀ_ÔnX\m¡n. sXcsªSp¸n `qcn]£ansænepw IqSpX koäv t\Snb t_\koÀ {][m\a{´nbmbn. AgnaXn Btcm]W§sf¯pSÀ¶v 1996 \hw_dn t_\kodns\ {]knUâv seKmcn Unkvankv sNbvXp. ]ntähÀjw sXcsªSp¸n \hmkv jco^n\p h³ hnPbw.

jco^nsâ Ime¯p ]m¡nØm³ C´ybptSXn\p kam´cambn AWpt_mw_v ]co£n¨p. ]ntähÀjw (1999) ImÀKn bp²w \S¯n. bp²¯n C´y t\Sn. jco^n\p P\]n´pWbpw ]«mf]n´pWbpw t]mbn. X¡wt\m¡n ssk\ym[n]³ P\d ]Àthkv apjmd^v `cWw ]nSn¨p.

Bdpt]sc adnIS¶mWp jco^v apjmd^ns\ ssk\ym[n]\m¡nbXv. ]t£ ImÀKn bp²w Ignªt¸mÄ AhcpsS _Ôw Deªp. 1999 HtÎm_À 12 \p apjmd^ns\ ssk\ym[n] Øm\¯p\n¶pw \o¡nbXmbn jco^v {]Jym]n¨p. At¸mÄ {ioe¦bnembncp¶ apjmd^v Hcp bm{Xmhnam\¯n ]m¡nØm\nte¡p Xncn¨p. hnam\w ]m¡nØm\n Cd¡cpsX¶p jco^v BÚm]n¨p. ]t£, ssk\nI Hm^okÀamÀ hnam\w Cd¡n. jco^ns\ XShnem¡n. ]n¶oSp kuZnbnte¡p \mSpIS¯n. apjmd^v `cWw ]nSn¨p ]«mf\nbaw {]Jym]n¨p. Cu A«nadnsbbpw ]n¶oSp kp{]owtImSXn icnh¨p. 2008þ apjmd^v A[nImcw HgntbWvSnh¶p.

2008þse sXcsªSp¸n BÀ¡pw `qcn]£w In«nbnÃ. Akn^v Aen kÀZmcnbpsS ]n]n]nbpw \hmkv jco^nsâ apkvenw eoKpw H¶n¨p Iptd\mÄ `cn¨p. ]n¶oSv ]ncnªp. AXn\nsS jco^n\p ]ZhnIÄ hne¡n kp{]owtImSXn D¯chmbn. 2010 emWv B hne¡p amdnbXv. 2013 se sXcsªSp¸n jco^nsâ ]mÀ«n¡p hnPbw In«n.

Cu hn[n kzoIcn¡m³ C{am³Jmsâ ]m¡nØm³ sXlvcoIv C³k^v (]nSnsF) ]mÀ«nbpw XlodpÄ Izm{ZnbpsS ]m¡nØm³ Ahman sXlvco¡pw (]nFSn) sXcphnend§n. AXnsâ HSphnemWnt¸mÄ ]«mf`cW¯nsâ ]SnhmXn¡ ]m¡nØm³ F¯nbncn¡p¶Xv.


`oXnsbmgnbmsX apkm^À\KÀ

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am¯p¡p«n Sn. Iq«pt½Â

apkm^À\Kdn Ct¸mgpw `oXnsbmgnbp¶nÃ. D¯À{]tZinse apkm^À\KÀ PnÃbn hÀKob Iem]w \S¶n«v Hcp hÀjambn«pw AhnSs¯ \yq\]£ kapZmbmwK§fpsS Ac£nXmhØ XpScpIbmWv. \nch[n t]À AhnsS \n¶p ]emb\w sNbvXp. 2013 HmKÌv 27\v Bcw`n¨ Iem]w sk]väw_À ]Xnt\tgmsSbmWv GXmWvSp sI«S§nbXv. P\PohnXw km[mcW \nebnemsb¶v A[nIrXÀ ]dbp¶psWvS¦nepw Iem]w Ahtijn¸n¨ \ã§Ä _m¡n.

Iem]¯n\v CcbmbhÀ \oXn¡pthWvSnbpÅ Im¯ncn¸nemWv Ct¸mgpw. kÀhhpw \ãs¸«hsc thWvShn[w ]p\c[nhkn¸n¡m³ kÀ¡mcn\v C\nbpw Ignªn«nÃ. ZpcnXmizmk Iym¼pIfn Ignbp¶ an¡hÀ¡pw X§fpsS kpc£sb¡pdn¨p Ct¸mgpw `bamWv. {]mYanIImcy§Ä \nÀhln¡m³ t]mepw kuIcy§fnÃm¯ ]cnXm]Icamb AhØbnemWpAhÀ.

apkm^À\KÀ þjmwen PnÃIfn ]e {Kma§fnepw apkvenwIÄ In«p¶ hnebv¡p hoSp hnäp Øew hnSpIbmWv. apkm^À\KÀ PnÃbnÂs¸« ImwKvd {Kma¯n 250 apkvenw IpSpw_§Ä DWvSmbncp¶Xn Ignª Hcp hÀj¯n\nsS \qä¼tXmfw IpSpw_§Ä hoSpw Øehpw hnäp {Kmaw hn«pt]mbn. Øew hn«pt]mIp¶hsc ]n´ncn¸n¡m³ Bcpw {ian¡p¶nÃ. hkvXphnev]\ kzImcy CS]mSmsW¶pw AXn CSs]Sm³ IgnbnsöpamWp dh\yq A[nIrXcpsS \ne]mSv. km[mcW kw`h§Ä¡pt]mepw Ct¸mÄ hÀKob \ndw Iecp¶p F¶XmWp Iem]¯nsâ _m¡n]{Xw. tdmU]IStam IhÀ¨tbm \S¶m t]mepw Ah hÀKobhXvIcn¡s¸Sp¶p.

Hcp ZimÐw ap¼pWvSmb KpPdm¯v Iem]s¯bpw 1992se _m_dn akvPnZv XIÀ¡epambn _Ôs¸«pWvSmb kwLÀjs¯bpw A\pkvacn¡p¶ hn[ambncp¶p apkm^À\KÀ Iem]w. Iem]¯nsâ cq£X H¶camkt¯mfw \oWvSp. Adp]Xne[nIw t]cpsS Poh³ tlman¡s¸SpIbpw 93 t]À¡p ]cnt¡Â¡pIbpw sNbvXp. Ac e£t¯mfw t]À `h\clnXcmbn. bp]nbn 20 hÀj¯n\ptijw BZyambn ssk\ys¯ Cdt¡WvSnh¶p.

2013 HmKÌv 21\mWp apkm^À\KÀ Iem]¯n\p Xos¸mcn hoWXv. CtX¯pSÀ¶ t]meokv 150 t]Às¡Xntc tIskSp¡pIbpw 14 t]sc IÌUnbnseSp¡pIbpw sNbvXp. t^kv_p¡n h¶ Hcp t]mÌns\¯pSÀ¶v 24\v Ccphn`mK§Ä X½nepÅ kwLÀjw IqSpX apdpIn. HmKÌv 27\v apkm^À\Kdnse Ihm {Kmahmknbmb Hcp bphmhv asämcp kapZmb¯nÂs¸« Hcp s]¬Ip«ntbmSv A]acymZbmbn s]cpamdnbXmbn ]cmXn. s]¬Ip«nbpsS _Ôp¡fmb bphm¡Ä A]acymZbmbn s]cpamdnb bphmhns\ ASn¨psIm¶p. CXnsâ {]XnImcambn sImÃs¸« bphmhnsâ kapZmb¯nÂs]«hÀ sIme]mXI¯n\p ImcW¡mcmb bphm¡sf sImes¸Sp¯n. CtXmsSbmWp hÀKob Iem]w ]Scp¶Xv. cWvSp bphm¡sf sImes¸Sp¯p¶ Zriy§Ä F¶ t]cn Hcp FkvFwFkv {]Ncn¨p. CXp hymPamsW¶p ]n¶oSv sXfnªp. CXn\nsS apk^À\KÀ PnÃbnepS\ofw Xohbv]pw ItÃdpIfpw Act§dn.

apkm^À\Kdn ssk\ys¯ hn\ykn¨v IÀ^yp GÀs¸Sp¯nsb¦nepw Iem]w XpSÀ¶p. kao]apÅ {]tZi§fnte¡pw Iem]w hym]n¨p. Iem]¯n\nsS A{IanIÄ hoSpIfn Ibdn kv{XoIsf Iq« am\`wK¯n\ncbm¡n.

]´ocmbnct¯mfw t]sc t]meokv IÌUnbnseSp¯p IcpX XS¦enÂh¨p. tXm¡v kq£n¡p¶Xn\pÅ 2300 t]cpsS ssek³kv d±p sNbvXp. t]meokv \S¯nb ]cntim[\bn cWvSmbnct¯mfw tXm¡pIÄ ]nSns¨Sp¯p. A¼Xn\mbnc¯ntesd BfpIÄ Iem]{]tZi¯p\n¶p ]emb\w sNbvXp.

Iem]w XSbp¶Xn D¯À{]tZinse AJntejv bmZhv kÀ¡mÀ hogvN hcp¯nsb¶p kp{]o tImSXn Ipäs¸Sp¯n. Iem]hpambn _ÔapÅ FÃmhscbpw cmjv{Sobw t\m¡msX DS³ AdÌv sN¿m³ tImSXn D¯chn«p. kwLÀjw DWvSmIpsa¶p kqN\bpÅ clkyhnhc§Ä kwØm\kÀ¡mcn\p ssIamdp¶Xn hogvN hcp¯nbXn tI{µ kÀ¡mcns\bpw tImSXn Ipäs¸Sp¯n. Iem]w ]SÀ¯m³ {ian¨Xmbn Btcm]n¡s¸« _nFkv]n Fw]n ImZnÀ dmW, _nsP]n FwFÂFamcmb kwKoXv tkmw, `mctXµp knwKv, _nFkv]n FwFÂF \qÀ kenw, auem\ PaoÂ, tIm¬{Kkv t\Xmhv kboZv Dkvam³, _nsIbp t\Xmhv \tcjv Sn¡mbXv F¶nhcpÄs¸sS 16 t]Às¡Xntc AdÌv hmdWvSv ]pds¸Sphn¨p.

cmjv{Sob apXseSp¸n\pthWvSnbpÅ KqVmtemN\bmWp Iem]¯n\p ]n¶nse¶p apJya{´n AJntejv bmZhv \nbak`bn ]dªp. temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸p ap¶n¡WvSp _nsP]nbmWv A{Ia]²XnIÄ Bkq{XWw sNbvXsX¶pw AJntejv Ipäs¸Sp¯n. sk]väw_À H¼Xn\p PpUoj At\zjWw {]Jym]n¨p. Aelm_mZv sslt¡mSXnbnÂ\n¶p hncan¨ PÌokv hnjvWp klmbnsb Iem]s¯¡pdn¨v At\zjn¡m³ NpaXes¸Sp¯n.

bp]n kÀ¡mcns\ ]ncn¨phn«p cmjv{S]Xn`cWw GÀs¸Sp¯Wsa¶ Bhiyhpambn _nsP]n, _nFkv]n, BÀFÂUn ]mÀ«nIÄ cwKs¯¯n. A¶s¯ tI{µ B`y´ca{´n kpio IpamÀ jn³sUbpw apJya{´n AJntejv bmZhns\ Ipäs¸Sp¯n. `oIckwLS\bmb ejvIÀ C tXmbv_bv¡p Iem]¯n ]¦psWvS¶v A`yqlw DbÀ¶ncp¶p. UÂln t]meokpw tI{µ kÀ¡mcpw CXp \ntj[n¡pIbmWpWvSmbXv.

apkm^À\KÀ taJebnse \mep koäS¡w D¯À{]tZinse ]¯pkoänte¡p sk]väw_À 13\p \nbak`m D]sXcsªSp¸p \S¡p¶ ]Ým¯e¯n hÀKobhntZzjw C\nbpw Bfn¡¯n¡m³ {iaapWvSmIptamsb¶p `b¡p¶hÀ \nch[nbmWv. hÀKobIem]§Ä sXcsªSp¸p hnPb¯n\pÅ Ffp¸hgnbmsW¶p sXfnbn¡s¸«p Ignª kmlNcy¯n {]tXyIn¨pw.


{][m\a{´nsb kµÀin¨Xn\p ]n¶nse \nebpw \ne]mSpw

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^m. t_mhmkv amXyp (aoUnbm tImþHmÀUnt\äÀ, ae¦c kpdnbm\n It¯men¡m k`)

2014 HmKÌv 14\p {][m\a{´n \tc{µtamZnsb `mcX It¯men¡m sa{Xm³ kwL¯nsâ A[y£³ IÀZn\mÄ amÀ _tkentbmkv ¢oankv ImtXmen¡m _mh kµÀin¨ncp¶p. `mcX It¯men¡m sa{Xm³kwL¯nsâ Hcp Iogvhg¡amWv ]pXnb `mchmlnIÄ sXcsªSp¡s¸Spt¼mÄ `mcX¯nsâ `cWt\XrXzs¯ kµÀin¨v A`nhmZ\w AÀ¸n¡pI F¶Xv. cmPy¯nsâ `cWt\XrXzw amdnhcpt¼mgpw `mcX It¯men¡m sa{Xm³kwL¯nsâ t\XrXzwhln¡p¶hÀ Ahsc kµÀin¨v BiwkIfÀ¸n¡mdpWvSv. ]Þnäv PhlÀem s\lvdp apX C¶phscbpÅ {][m\a{´namtcmSpw tUm. cmtP{µ{]kmZv apX {]Wm_v apJÀPn hscbpÅ cmjv{S]XnamtcmSpw `mcX It¯men¡m sa{Xm³kwLw Cu Iogvhg¡w ]peÀ¯nbn«pWvSv. ]pXpXmbn {][m\a{´n]Z¯nse¯nb \tc{µtamZnsb IÀZn\mÄ amÀ _tkentbmkv ¢oankv ImtXmen¡m _mh kµÀin¨Xn Akm[mcWambn H¶panÃ.

22 an\näv ZoÀLn¨ B IqSn¡mgvN HutZymKnIhpw kulmÀZ]chpambncp¶p. IqSn¡mgvNbv¡ptijw IÀZn\mÄ \S¯nb ]{Xkt½f\¯n Xsâ kµÀi\s¯¡pdn¨pw ]pXnb kÀ¡mcnt\mSpÅ kao]\s¯¡pdn¨pw {]kvXmhn¨ncp¶p. kmaqlnI ]nt¶m¡mhØbnÂ\n¶v Hcp km[mcW¡mc³ cmPy¯nsâ ]ctam¶X t\XrØm\¯v F¯nbXn \tc{µtamZnsb ImtXmen¡m _mh A`n\µn¡pIbpw `mcX P\m[n]Xy¯nsâ B´cnIiànsb ÇmLn¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

HmKÌv 15\p sNt¦m«bn \S¯nb kzmX{´yZn\ {]kwK¯n `mcX¯nsâ hnIk\¯n\pthWvSn {][m\a{´n apt¶m«ph¨ \nÀtZi§tfmSpw ASp¯ ]¯phÀjt¯¡p kmapZmbnIkwLÀj§Ä¡pw Iem]§Ä¡pw tamdt«mdnbw {]Jym]n¡Wsa¶ \nÀtZit¯mSpw cmPy¯nsâ ]ptcmKXnbn Ghcpw {i²n¡Wsa¶pÅ Blzm\t¯mSpw ImtXmen¡m_mhm klIcWadnbn¨p. kwLÀj§Ä¡pw Iem]§Ä¡pw AdpXnhcp¯n hnhn[ kapZmb§fpw aX§fpw klhÀ¯nXz¯n cmjv{S\nÀamW{]{Inbbn klIcn¡p¶ kmaqlnI ]Ým¯ew cmPy¯pWvSmIWsa¶ `mcX It¯men¡mk`bpsS \nc´camb Bhiys¯ cmPy¯nsâ {][m\a{´n HutZymKnI \bambn {]Jym]n¨XnepÅ kt´mjhpw kwXr]vXnbpw ]¦phbv¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

hcp¶ A©phÀjt¯¡p cmjvv{S¯nsâbpw `mcXP\XbpsSbpw Imhepw kwc£Whpw `mcXP\X ssItb¸n¨ {][m\a{´n¡p `cWLS\m]camb ZuXy\nÀhlW¯n ]n´pW \ÂIm³ GsXmcp `mcX ]uc\pw ISabpWvSv. ImtXmen¡m_mh Xsâ kµÀi\thfbn `mcX It¯men¡m k`bpsS ]n´pW {][m\a{´n¡p hmKvZm\w sNbvXXns\ Cu ]Ým¯e¯nemWp a\knemt¡WvSXv. `cWLS\bv¡p hncp²ambn GXv A[nImcn {]hÀ¯n¨mepw AXns\Xntc {]XnIcn¡m³ Hmtcm ]uc\pw NpaXebpWvSv. `mcX It¯men¡m k`m t\XrXzw bYmkab§fn Cu D¯chmZnXzw \ndthänbn«pWvSv. C\nbpw AXp \ndthäpIbpw sN¿pw.

F®wsImWvSp sNdpsX¦nepw `mcX¯nsâ hnIk\{]{Inbbn kÀhmß\m DÄt¨À¶ncn¡p¶ `mcX ss{IkvXh kaql¯nsâ, {]tXyIn¨v It¯men¡mk`bpsS, hnZym`ymk, BtcmKy, Zmcn{Zy\nÀamÀP\, kmaqlnI imàoIcW taJeIfnse iàamb CSs]SepIsf¡pdn¨p ImtXmen¡m _mh {][m\a{´nbpambn hnhc§Ä ]¦ph¨p. `mcX¯nse kÀhP\§fpsSbpw kpØnXnbpw hnIk\hpw, {]tXyIn¨p Ime§fmbn AhKW\ A\p`hn¡p¶ P\kaql§fpsS hntamN\hpw Dd¸phcp¯n cmPys¯ kIe kaql§sfbpw cmjv{S\nÀamW {]{Inbbn DÄt¨À¡m\pXIp¶ GXm\pw \nÀtZi§Ä `mcX It¯men¡mk`bv¡pthWvSn ImtXmen¡m _mh {][m\a{´n¡p tcJmaqew \ÂIpIbpWvSmbn. Ah Xmsg¸dbp¶p:

1. FÃmhÀ¡psam¸w FÃmhcpsSbpw hfÀ¨ F¶ {][m\a{´nbpsS hnIk\ZÀi\w A\pkcn¨v FÃmhscbpw DÄs¡mWvSpsImWvSpÅ hnIk\¯nte¡pw hfÀ¨bnte¡pw IpXn¡p¶ Hcp \h`mcXamWv R§fpsS kz]v\w.

2. `mcX¯nsâ al¯mb `cWLS\ Dd¸p\ÂIp¶ kaXz¯nepw kmtlmZcy¯nepw `btam `ojWntbm IqSmsX X§fpsS hnizmkhpw BNmcm\pjvTm\§fpw kwc£n¨psImWvSv FÃm aXhn`mK§Ä¡pw ssa{Xnbn Pohn¡m³ km[n¡p¶ Hcp `mcXamWp R§fpsS kz]v\w.

3. PmXnþaXþhÀKþhÀWþenwKþ`mjþ{]tZi hyXymkat\y BZnhmknIfpw A[xØnXcpw ZfnXcpw IÀjIcpw aÕys¯mgnemfnIfpw CXc ]n¶m¡hn`mK¡mcpw Zcn{Zcpw kwhcW¡mcy¯ntem km[yXIfpsS Imcy¯ntem AhKWn¡s¸Sm¯ Hcp `mcXamWp R§fpsS kz]v\w.

4. aX\yq\]£§Ä¡p `mcX `cWLS\ Dd¸p\ÂIp¶ AhImi§Ä kwc£n¡s¸SpI am{Xaà ap³hn[nItfm A\mhiy CSs]SepItfm DWvSmImsX kzX{´ambn AhcpsS hnZym`ymk, aXØm]\§Ä \S¯ns¡mWvSpt]mIm³ ]n³_etaIp¶ Hcp `mcXw R§Ä kz]v\wImWp¶p.

5. tZiobhcpam\¯nsâ Bdp iXam\¯n Ipdbm¯ XpI hnZym`ymk¯n\pw A©p iXam\¯n Ipdbm¯ XpI BtcmKy{]hÀ¯\§Ä¡pw \o¡nh¨p \nc£cXbpw Zmcn{Zyhpw DÑmS\wsN¿p¶ Hcp `mcXamWp R§fpsS kz]v\w.

6. kv{XoIfpsS am\yX DbÀ¯n¡m«pIbpw kaql¯n AhÀ¡p kaXzhpw kpc£bpw Dd¸m¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ Hcp `mcXamWp R§fpsS kz]v\w.

7. a\pjysâ Poh\pw kz¯n\pw kwc£Ww \ÂIns¡mWvSpw {]IrXntbmSp tNÀ¶p Pohn¡p¶ a\pjycpsS XmXv]cy§Ä kwc£n¨psImWvSpw ]cnØnXn kwc£n¡s¸Sp¶ Hcp `mcXw R§Ä kz]v\wImWp¶p.

Cu ]Ým¯e¯n IkvXqcncwK³ dnt¸mÀ«v \S¸m¡p¶Xn\pap¼v AXnsâ ]cnWnX^ew t\cn«\p`hnt¡WvSnhcp¶ tIcf¯nse P\hn`mK§fpambn KuchXcamb NÀ¨ \S¯Wsa¶pw ImtXmen¡m_mh \nÀtZin¨p.

`mcX¯nse It¯men¡m k`bpsS HutZymKnI {]Xn\n[nbmbmWp ImtXmen¡m_mh {][m\a{´nsb kµÀin¨Xv. `mcXw F¶pw kpiàamb Hcp P\m[n]Xy atXXc dn¸»n¡mbn \ne\n¡Wsa¶XmWv `mcX¯nse It¯men¡mk`bpsS {]Jym]nX \ne]mSv. CXn\pthWvSn hn«phogvNbnÃm¯Xpw F¶mÂ, kulmÀZ]chpw kIescbpw DÄs¡mÅp¶Xpamb {]hÀ¯\ssienbpsS DSabpamWp It¯men¡m _mh F¶Xpw {it²bamWv.

FÃm aXm\pbmbnItfmSpw FÃm cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«n¡mtcmSpw k`bpsS hnizmk§Ä¡pw \ne]mSpIÄ¡pw FXncmb \ne]mSpIfpÅhtcmSpt]mepw F´nt\sd k`bvs¡Xntc kacw \S¯p¶htcmSpt]mepw kulmÀZt¯mSpw ka`mh\tbmSpwIqSn CSs]Sp¶XmWp ¢oankv _mhbpsS ssien. tIcf¯nse FÃm aX¯nepw kapZmb¯nepw cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nbnepw s]«hÀ CX\p`hn¨n«pÅXpamWv.

GsXmcp hyànsbbpw a\knemt¡WvSXpw hnebncpt¯WvSXpw GsX¦nepw Hcp kµÀ`s¯tbm Hcp {]XnIcWs¯tbm Hcp hm¡ns\tbm ASnØm\am¡nbmIcpXv. {]XypX At±lw Ømbnbmbn ]peÀ¯p¶ \ne]mSpIsfbpw Ahew_n¡p¶ ZÀi\§sfbpw ASnØm\am¡nbmbncn¡Ww.

_lpkzckwkvImchpw kamtÇjW kwkvIrXnbpw P\m[n]Xy hyhØnXnbpw `mcX¯n A\pkyqXw \ne\n¡Wsa¶XmWp `mcX¯nse It¯men¡m k`bpsS B{Klhpw A`nemjhpw. CXns\ _es¸Sp¯m\pXIp¶ GXp \nÀtZi§sfbpw \ne]mSpIsfbpw k` kÀhmß\m kzmKXwsN¿pw.

F¶mÂ, `mcX¯nsâ al¯mb `cWLS\ Dd¸p\ÂIp¶ ZÀi\§Ä¡pw kzmX{´y¯n\pw AhImi§Ä¡pw FXncmbnhcp¶ GsXmcp \o¡s¯bpw, AXv BcpsS `mK¯p\n¶mbmepw, F{X D¶XcpsS `mK¯p\n¶mbmepw k` FXnÀ¡psa¶Xn\p cWvSp]£anÃ. Ncn{Xw AXn\p km£nbpamWv.


atXXc cmjv{Sobw ]p\cpÖohn¡p¶p?

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DÅXp]dªm / sI. tKm]meIrjvW³

{][m\a{´nsb¶ \nebn \tc{µ tamZn \qdpZnhkw ]n¶n«thfbnemWp \nbak`m D]sXcsªSp¸nse Xncn¨SnbpsS AkpJIcamb hmÀ¯ ImhnIym¼n F¯p¶Xv. tamZn amPn¡n\v AXnthKamWp P\]n´pW \ãs¸Sp¶Xv. AtXkabw D]sXcsªSp¸pIsf P\hnImc¯nsâ {]Xn^e\§fmbn IW¡nseSp¡m³ Ignbm¯Xn\m C¯csamcp \nKa\¯nte¡v FSp¯pNmSp¶Xp _p²n]chpaÃ. \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸pIfn {]mtZinI XmXv]cyapÅ hnjb§fpapWvSmhpw.

F´mbmepw temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n Xqs¯dnbs¸« _nsP]nbnXc I£nIÄ¡v Ct¸mgs¯ D]sXcsªSp¸p^ew {]Xo£bpw t{]mÕml\hpamsb¶ Imcyw hnkvacn¡m\mhnÃ. atXXc cmjv{Sobw Ct¸mgpw {]kàamsW¶pw P\§sf kzm[o\n¡m³ AXn\p Ignbpsa¶mWp _nlmdnse cmjv{Sob P\XmZÄþsFIyP\XmZÄþ tIm¬{Kkv kJy¯nsâbpw IÀWmSIbn tIm¬{Kknsâbpw anI¨ hnPbw \ÂIp¶ kqN\. aq¶pamkw ap¼p\S¶ ]mÀesaâv sXcsªSp¸n \tc{µtamZn DZvtLmjn¨ lnµpXz {_m³Uns\Xntc aX\nct]£amb cmjv{Sobsa¶ Bibs¯ tI{µoIcn¨mbncp¶p Cu cWvSp kwØm\§fnepw {]NmcWw.

temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸pw \nbak`m D]sXcsªSp¸pw X½n XmcXayw sNbvXm s]mXpkaql¯nsâ at\m`mh¯n s]s«¶ph¶ amäw ZriyamIpw. ]mÀesaâv sXcsªSp¸n _nlmdnse 40 koän 31 Dw _nsP]nbpw kJyI£nIfpw t\Snbncp¶p. F¶mÂ, Ct¸mÄ \S¶ \nbak`m D]sXcsªSp¸n AhnsS BÀsPUnþ sPUnbpþ tIm¬{Kkv kJyw 10 koän Bsd®w kz´am¡n. 2010  _nsP]n¡p Bdv koäv t\Sm\msb¦n C¯hW AXp \membn Npcp§n. “kÀ¸hnj {]Xntcm[ kJyw” F¶p clkyambn hntijn¸n¡s¸«, s]s«¶p XÃn¡q«nsbSp¯ cmjv{Sob P\XmZÄ (BÀsPUn), P\XmZÄ (sPUnbp), tIm¬{Kkv I£nIÄ tNÀ¶pÅ hnime atXXc kJyw tamZn XcwKs¯ AXnsâ {]`htI{µ¯n¯s¶ XSªp\nÀ¯n.

FÃm thm«pIfpw cmjv{Sobthm«pIfmsW¶v BÀ¡pw ]dbm\mhnÃ. Cu aq¶p ]mÀ«nIÄ tbmPn¨m bmZhcpsSbpw aäp ]nt¶m¡¡mcpsSbpw ZfnXpIfpsSbpw apkvenw hn`mK§fpsSbpw thm«pIfn {[phoIcWw Dd¸mWv. F¶mÂ, emephnsâbpw \nXojnsâbpw A\pbmbnIÄ Hcpan¨v {]hÀ¯n¡ptam, s]mXphmb Øm\mÀYn¡pthWvSn thm«v sN¿ptam F¶n§s\bpÅ kwibw ]ecpw {]ISn¸n¨ncp¶p. BgvNIÄ¡p ap¼phsc hg¡mfn ]q¨Isft¸mse ]ckv]cw ISn]nSn Iq«nbhcmWv AhÀ. F¶mÂ, sXcsªSp¸p^ew kwib¯n\v D¯cw \ÂIn.

atXXc thm«pIfpsS {[phoIcW¯n\pÅ Blzm\w ^e{]ZambXneqsS atXXc cmjv{Sobw C´ybn {]kàamsW¶p hyàambncn¡pIbmWv. lnµpXzcmjv{Sob¯nsâ Xnf¡w IpdbpIbmsW¶pw D]sXcsªSp¸p^ew sXfnbn¡p¶p. F´mbmepw tamZnsbbpw At±l¯nsâ X{´§sfbpw kwc£n¡pIsb¶ e£yt¯msS, tXmÂhnbpsS D¯chmZnXzw DS³ _nsP]nbpsS _nlmÀ LSIw Gäphm§n. AÃm¯]£w tamZnbpsS tI{µ¯nse {]IS\¯nsâ {]Xn^e\ambn hymJym\n¡s¸Spambncp¶p.

Cu aq¶p]mÀ«nbnsebpw t\Xm¡Ä `mhnbn F§s\ s]cpamdpsa¶ Imcy¯n Dd¸nsænepw 2014 se \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸n atXXc ap¶Wn _nsP]n¡p henb Xncn¨SnbmIpsa¶ Imcy¯n kwibtaXpanÃ. D]sXcsªSp¸n kwLS\mkwhn[m\§sf Nen¸n¡p¶Xn _nlmdnse ]mÀ«n t\XrXz¯n\pWvSmb ]cnanXnIfpw {]mtZinI aÕc¯n tamZnLSI¯nsâ A`mhhpw ]cmPb¯n\p ImcWambncn¡mw. F¶mÂ, kwØm\s¯bpw tI{µ¯nsebpw _nsP]n t\XrXz¯n\p iàamb ap¶dnbn¸mWv CXp \ÂInbncn¡p¶Xv.

_nsP]nbpsS tIm«bmb a[y{]tZin \n¶pÅ ^ew k½n{iamWv. aÕcw \S¶ aq¶p koän cWvSnS¯pw Pbn¨ AhÀ AKÀ aÞew \ne\nÀ¯nsb¶Xns\m¸w hnPmcKrl tIm¬{Kkn \n¶p ]nSns¨Sp¡pIbpw _ptµÂJÞn tIm¬{Kknt\mSp ]cmPbs¸SpIbpw sNbvXp. F¶m IÀWmSIbnse ^eamWv _nsP]nsb sR«n¸n¨Xv. A`nam\t]mcm«w \S¶ s_Ãmcn dqden tIm¬{Kkv Øm\mÀYn _nsP]nsb ]cmPbs¸Sp¯nbXv 33,000 thm«pIfpsS _e¯nemWv. Nnt¡mSn kmZÂK koäv tIm¬{Kkv Xncn¨p]nSn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. in¡mcn¸qcn _nsP]n tI{µ§fnte¡p tIm¬{Kkv IS¶pIbdn. AhnsS ap³apJya{´n _n.Fkv bZnbqc¸bpsS aI³ _nsP]n Øm\mÀYn _n.ssh. cmLth{µ shdpw 6,430 thm«n\p Iãn¨p hnPbw t\SpIbmbncp¶p.

sXcsªSp¸p ^e¯n IÀWmSIbnse _nsP]n t\Xm¡Ä kz`mhnIambpw AXr]vXcmWv. a{´nØm\¯n\pthWvSn k½ÀZw sNe¯nb tIm¬{Kkv hnaXsc apJya{´n kn²cma¿bv¡v C\n Ffp¸¯n ssIImcywsN¿mw. ]©m_nse ]Syme AÀ_³ koäv tIm¬{Kkv Xncn¨p]nSn¨p. AtXkabw XÂhWvSnbn AImenZfn \n¶p tIm¬{Kkv ]cmPbw Gäphm§n.

_nsP]nbpsS Ct¸mgs¯ kzm[o\iàn £bn¡msa¶mWv CubnSs¯ sXcsªSp¸p^ew sXfnbn¡p¶Xv. IqSnt¨cm³ {ian¡msX \n¡p¶ iàcmb \nch[n atXXc ]mÀ«nIÄ C´ybnepWvSv. ]¯phÀjs¯ A[nImcZpÀhn\ntbmKhpw AgnaXnbpw {Iakam[m\ XIÀ¨bpw tIm¬{Kkns\ £oWn¸n¨Xpt]mse Cu kwL§sfbpw `n¶n¸n¨p. Ignª sXcsªSp¸n ChÀ¡pta hnPbw t\Sm³ \tc{µtamZn¡p Ignªp. atXXc ]XmIbpsS ]n¶n _nsP]n hncp²iànIÄ AWn\nc¶m ASp¯hÀjw \S¡m\ncn¡p¶ \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸n hnPbn¡pI _nsP]nsb kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw Ffp¸ambncn¡nÃ. _nlmdn C¯csamcp IqSnt¨c Ct¸mįs¶ ^ew \ÂIn¡gnªp.

almcmjv{Sbnepw ØnXnKXnIÄ kam\amWv. kwØm\¯p _nsP]nbpw inhtk\bpw X½n A`n{]mbhyXymkw cq]s¸«phcnIbmWv. atXXciànIfpsS Iq«mbvabv¡v ChnsSbpw iàamb aÕcw ImgvNhbv¡m\mIpw. Cu kwØm\¯pw _nsP]n cWvSmbn hn`Pn¡s¸«ncn¡pIbmWv. sXcsªSp¸nte¡p \o§p¶ lcnbm\bn cWvSp {Kq¸pIfpsS ta[mhnXzw sXcsªSp¸n {]iv\§Ä krãn¡pw.

\nbak`m D]sXcsªSp¸nse ktµiw hyàamWv. atXXc cmjv{Sobw Hcn¡Â¡qSn hnPb¯nte¡pÅ ]mXbnemWv. asämcp `mjbn ]dªmÂ, tamZnXz thentbäw XSbm³ atXXc iànIÄ Hcp IpS¡ogn AWn\nc¡pI F¶Xp hnPbw Dd¸m¡p¶ Hcp hgnbmWv. aaX _m\ÀPn t]mepw C¯csamcp \nÀtZit¯mSv A\pIqeambn {]XnIcn¨pIgnªp. kn]nF½nsâbpw AXnsâ cmjv{SobcoXnIfpsSbpw {]Jym]nX i{XphmsW¦nepw kn]nF½pambpÅ kJykm[yXIsf¡pdn¨p ]mÀ«n¡pÅn NÀ¨ sN¿m³ k¶²amsW¶v AhÀ {]Jym]n¨p. Bsc¦nepw sXm«pIqSm³ Ignbm¯hcmsW¶v Hcn¡epw IcpXnbn«nsöpw ASp¯nsS Hcp _wKmfn sSenhnj\v \ÂInb A`napJ¯n AhÀ hniZoIcn¨p. _nlmdnse hnimekJys¯ A`n\µn¨ aaX, ]Ýna_wKmfnse _nsP]nbpsS hfÀ¨sb {]Xntcm[n¡m³ tIm¬{KkpambpÅ kJys¯¡pdn¨p ]cnKWn¡msa¶ kqN\bpw \ÂIn.

Hcp atXXc kJysa¶Xv C´ybn ]pXnb Imcysam¶paÃ. C¯cw cmjv{Sob ]co£W§Ä sXcsªSp¸pIÄ¡p ap¼pw tijhpw C´ybnepWvSmbn«pWvSv. tIm¬{Kknsâ t\XrXz¯n cq]s¸«Xns\mgnsI _m¡nbpÅXns\Ãmw AÂ]mbpkmbncp¶p. hnizmkyXbpÅ t\Xm¡Ä \bn¡m\psWvS¦n C¶pw ^e{]ZamIp¶XmWp atXXcI£nIfpsS Iq«psI«v. F¶mÂ, apembwknwKv bmZhv, ambmhXn XpS§nbhcpsS ap³Ime Ncn{Xw A{Xsbm¶pw t{]mÕml\P\IaÃ, ImcWw kz´w XmXv]cy§Ä¡\pkcn¨p cmjv{Sob\ne]mSpIÄ amäp¶hcmWhÀ. aaXsbt¸mepw FÃmbvt¸mgpw B{ibn¡m\mhnÃ. CSXp]£hpw Nne {]mtZinI ]mÀ«nIfpw {]Xybimkv{X]camb [mcWbptSbpw s]mXp an\naw ]cn]mSnbpsSbpw ASnØm\¯n apt¶m«pt]mIm³ k¶²X {]ISn¸n¡p¶hcmWv.

C´y³ kaqlw hnhn[ kwkvImc§fpsS k¦e\amWv F¶Xn\m cmjv{Sobamb C¯csamcp [mcW ^e{]ZamIpw. kmlNcy§Ä ^e{]Zambn apXseSp¯p hntZzjcmjv{Sob¯n\p Nnet¸mÄ hnPbn¡m³ Ignbpsa¦nepw AXn\v Gsd¡mew \ne\n¡m\mhnÃ. aX¯nsâ t]cn am{XapÅ {[phoIcW¯neqsS kwL]cnhmdn\pt]mepw henb t\«§Ä kz´am¡m³ IgnbnÃ. hnIk\w apJy e£yam¡n {]NmcWw \S¯nb tamZn lnµpXz¯n\p ]n´pW \ÂIpI am{XamWv sNbvXXv. _nlmdn sNbvXXpt]mse hnizmkyXbpÅ t\Xm¡fpsWvS¦n atXXc cmjv{Sob¯n\v ta[mhnXzw t\Smsa¶mWv CsXÃmw \ÂIp¶ kqN\.






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