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BÄssZh§fpw ssZhnI BfpIfpw

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Pn. A¿t\¯v

b£n, `qX, t{]XmZnIfmbncp¶p HcpIme¯p \mSns\ hnd¸n¨ncp¶Xv. \msSÃmw \Kcambns¡mWvSncn¡pt¼mÄ Ahbpw \mSp\o§ns¡mWvSncn¡p¶p. AhbpsS Øm\¯v BÄssZh§Ä AhXcn¡m³ XpS§n. AhcmWnt¸mÄ \mSns\ _m[n¨ncn¡p¶ _m[. AÔhnizmk§fpsSbpw I]S`ànbpsSbpw amÀ¡äv AZriy`qX§fnÂ\n¶v BÄssZh§Ä ]nSns¨Sp¯ncn¡pIbmWv.

Ignª Ac\qämWvSp ImesaSp¯m `mcXob `ànamÀ¡än BÄssZh§fpsS XÅn¡bäambncp¶p F¶p ImWmw. am{Xaà AhÀ X§fpsS `ànkm{amPyw tUmfdnte¡pw ]uWvSnte¡pw bqtdmbnte¡psams¡ hym]n¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. _m_bpw _m]phpw ZmZmbpw amXmbpw k´pw kzmanbpw BNmcybpw Kpcphpsams¡bmbn AhÀ thj¸IÀ¨ \S¯n. `oam\µ almcmPm, N{µkzman, Bimdmw _m¸p, dmw dlow knwKv, kZmNmcn, cP\ojv, \nXym\µ, t{]am\µ, {i²m\µ, PvRm\ssNX\y, dmw]mÂ, dmwtZhv F¶n§s\ \ofp¶p ChcpsS AhXmccq]§Ä. Chscms¡ h³tXm¡pIÄ. F¶mÂ, ChcpsS Bbnc¡W¡n\p sNdnb ]Xn¸pIÄ FÃm aX§fnepapWvSv. AhÀ aX§fpsS ad]än a\pjysc ]än¡pIbmWv.

`ànbpsSbpw kmaqlytkh\¯nsâbpw ]pIad krãn¨v Cu BÄssZh§Ä sshIrX§fpsS henb km{amPy§Ä ]Sp¯pbÀ¯n, A\mNmc§fpsSbpw AÔhnizmk§fpsSbpw sshIrX§Ä, ssewKnIsshIrX§Ä, km¼¯nI {Iat¡SpIÄ, Bßobhpw _u²nIhpw imcocnIhpamb ASna¯w F¶n§s\ ]eXpw. aXZÀi\§fpw BNmc§fpw X§Ä¡pXIpwhn[w hfs¨mSn¡p¶ C§s\bpÅ skÎpIfnte¡p a\pjyÀ BIÀjn¡s¸Sp¶Xp hnhn[ ImcW§fmemWv. NneÀ cmjv{Sob t\«¯n\pthWvSnbpw aäp NneÀ _nkn\kv XmXv]cy§Ä¡mbpw thtd NneÀ \nba§Ä adnIS¶p X§fpsS kz`mh sshIrX§fn sskzchnlmcw \S¯m³thWvSnbpw.

]t£, _lp`qcn]£w hcp¶ aä\pbmbnIfmIs« IYbdnbmsX I_fn¸n¡s¸SpIbmWv. BÄssZh§Ä krãn¡p¶ ssZhnI ]cnthj¯nsâ Xobnte¡v BIÀjn¡s¸Sp¶ shdpw Cubmw]mäIfmWhÀ. ss\anjnIt\«§Ä¡pw D·mZ§Ä¡pw ]ndtIt]mIp¶ AhÀ {ItaW skÎnsâ hocmcm[\bnepw B`nNmchr¯nIfnepw am\knIambn ASnas¸Sp¶p. B{Kln¨mÂt¸mepw ]n¶oSv AXnÂ\n¶p ]pd¯phcm³ Ignbm¯hn[w Xo{hambncn¡pw AhcpsS Bßob ASna¯w.

BßobX a\pjys\ kzX{´\m¡m\mWv, ASnabm¡m\Ã. t]meokv \S]Snsb¯pSÀ¶p dmw]mensâ B{ia tIm«bv¡pÅnÂ\n¶p ]pd¯ph¶hÀ X§sf AXn XShnem¡nh¨Xnsâ IYIÄ am[ya§tfmSp ]dbpIbpWvSmbn.

{ioi¦cmNmcycpw {iocmaIrjvW ]calwk\pw kzman hnthIm\µ\psams¡ a\pjysc Bßobambn ASnabm¡nbhcÃ, kzX{´cm¡nbhcmWv. AhÀ Ahti¸n¨pt]mb D¶Xamb Kpcpk¦ev]apWvSv. AXn³{]Imcw Kpcp Hcphs\ Cuizc\nte¡p \bn¡p¶ tKmthWnbmWv. AÃmsX BÄssZh§sft¸mse sIWnbÃ. sIWnbmbn amdnbXpsImWvSmWv Kpcp k©b¯n\pw k¦ev]¯n\pw C¶p tZiob þ A´ÀtZiob Xe§fn CSnhp kw`hn¨ncn¡p¶Xv.

Kpcpsh¶p tI«m C¶p hntZinIÄ kwibZrãntbmsSbmWv AXns\ kao]n¡p¶Xv. skÎpw IÄ«pambn a\pjys\ aX§fpsS apJy[mcbnÂ\n¶v AIäp¶ Kpcphnsâ hnIeamb Nn{XamWv BÄssZh§Ä temI¯n\p \ÂInbXv. C§s\bpÅ KpcpsIWnbnÂ\n¶p ]pd¯pIS¶ ]ecpw X§fpsS Bßob ASna¯¯nsâ Zpc´IYIÄ am[ya§fneqsS temI¯n\p ap¶n Xpd¶ph¨p. CXp `mcXob sslµh kwkvImc¯n\pXs¶bpw tIm«whcp¯nbn«pWvSv. AXpsImWvSmWv C§s\bpÅ BÄssZh§sf bYmÀY k\ymknamcpw BNmcy·mcpw aX]ÞnX·mcpw \ntj[n¡p¶Xv.

BÄssZh§sfbpw ssZhnI BfpIsfbpw thÀXncn¨pImtWWvSXpWvSv. ssZht¯mfw X§fmsb¶p kzbw BfmIp¶hcmWv BÄssZh§Ä. ssZhnI BfpIfmIs« BfpIsf ssZh¯nte¡p \bn¡m³ kzbw sNdpXmIp¶hcmWv. AhÀ kzbw sNdpXmIpt¼mÄ temIw Ahsc ssZhnIsc¶p Xncn¨dnbpw. Nnesc temIw Xncn¨dnªXv AhcpsS acWtijwt]mepamWv. BÄssZh§sft¸mse kz´w km{amPyhpw k¼Zvkar²nbpw kpc£mkwhn[m\§fpw kmbp[ ssk\nIcpsam¶pw AhÀ¡nÃ. Bßob B[nImcnIXbpw kmaqly {]Xn_²XbpamWv AhcpsS iàn.

C§s\bpÅhÀ C¶pw FÃm aX§fnepapWvSv. ]t£, Ahsc a\x]qÀhw AhKWn¨v BÄssZh§sf hfÀ¯p¶ I¨hS, {Inan\Â, cmjvv{Sob am^nb \½psS \m«n {]_eamWv. I¨hS¡mÀ¡v AhcpsS _nkn\kv km{amPyw hfÀ¯m³, {Inan\epIÄ¡v AhcpsS kmaqlyhncp² {]hr¯nIÄ BßobXbpsS adhn \nÀ_m[w sN¿m³, cmjvv{Sob¡mÀ¡v A\pbmbnIsf¡q«n thm«p_m¦v hÀ[n¸n¡m³... ChÀs¡Ãmw BÄssZh§sfs¡mWvSv BhiyapWvSv. ChcpsSsbms¡ klmbanÃmsX Hcp dmw]men\pw ChnsS \nbas¯ shÃphnfn¨p hfcm³ IgnbnÃ.

tImSXnIÄ t\cn«nSs]«mWv ChscsbÃmw \nba¯nsâ ap¶n sImWvSph¶n«pÅXv. F¶mÂ, AXn ]ecpw cmjv{Sob kz[o\w D]tbmKn¨p \nba¯nsâ ]gpXpIfneqsS c£s¸«n«pWvSv. BÄssZh§sf \nba¯nsâ ap¶n sImWvSph¶p amXrIm]cambn in£n¡m\pÅ BÀPhw tImSXnbpw cmjv{Sob A[nImcnIfpw ImWn¡Ww.

hnizmkh©\, \nba\ntj[w, km¼¯nI {Iat¡SpIÄ, ssewKnI NqjWw, A{Iaw, sIme]mXIw, cmPyt{Zmlw F¶n§s\ BÄssZh§sf Npän¸än Act§dp¶ IpäIrXy§Ä \nch[nbmWv. CXns\ FXnÀ¡p¶hsc GsX¦nepw Hcp {]tXyI aXZÀi\§sftbm BNmc§sftbm FXnÀ¡p¶hcmbn ap{ZbSn¡m\pÅ {]hWXbpWvSv. aXhnImc§sf {hWs¸Sp¯p¶Xmbn Btcm]n¨p km[mcW hnizmknIsf X§fpsS IqsS \nÀ¯m\pÅ BÄssZh§fpsS AShmWXv. CXp Xncn¨dnªv A¯c¡msc XÅn¸dbm³ \à aXhnizmknIÄ¡p IgnbWw. BÄssZh§sf AÔambn A\pKan¡p¶hÀ¡v Hcp aX¯nsâbpw hàm¡fmIm\pÅ AhImianÃ.

AXXp aX§fpsS ZÀi\§sfbpw BNmc§sfbpw Zpcp]tbmKn¨pÅ BÄssZh§fpsS Cu Ifn AhbpsS \mi¯nte¡mWp \bn¡p¶Xv. C§s\bpÅ {]hWXItfmSpÅ adpXen¸mbn«mWp ]e cmPy§fnepw aX\ntj[hpw \nµbpw \ncoizchmZhpsams¡ hfÀ¶n«pÅXv. CXp \s½ ]Tn¸n¡p¶ Hcp Ncn{X kXyapWvSv. BÄssZh§Ä aX§fpsS aqSpam´p¶ IpewIp¯nIfmWv. AhÀ aX§Ä¡pÅnencp¶p aX§fpsS aqSpam´p¶p. ]pdta\n¶pÅ iànIÄ¡p sN¿mhp¶Xnepw henb t{ZmlamWv ChÀ aX§tfmSp sN¿p¶Xv. aXkwc£Isc¶ hymtP\ Nne cmjvv{Sob ]mÀ«nIfpw BÄssZh§sf D]tbmKn¨p X§fpsS cmjvv{Sob e£y§Ä¡pthWvSn aXs¯ Zpcp]tbmKn¡pIbmWv. AXp aX§fpsS \mi¯nembncn¡pw sN¶hkm\n¡p¶Xv.

`mcX¯nsâ X\Xmb tbmKbpw [ym\coXnIfpw a{´§fpw `P\bpw BbpÀthZhpsaÃmw I¨hS¨c¡pIfm¡n amäp¶ Hcp henb At[mtemI irwJeXs¶ hfÀ¶ph¶n«pWvSv. Ahbn an¡Xpw sNdpXpw hepXpamb BÄssZh§tfmS\p_Ôn¨mWv hfÀ¶n«pÅXv. lnµp[Àat¯mtSm ZÀi\§tfmtSm GsX¦nepw {]Xn_²XbpsWvS¦n _nsP]n F¶Ã Hcp cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nbpw kwLS\bpw Cu {]hWXsb A\pIqen¡cpXv. aXhnImcanf¡n kz´w km{amPyw hepXm¡p¶ BÄssZh§sf Häs¡«mbn FXnÀ¡mw. AtXkabw ssZhnI BfpIsf BZcn¡pIbpw A\pKan¡pIbpw BNmcy, Kpcp Øm\§fn {]XnjvTn¡pIbpw sN¿mw.


]mäm D¸nen«Xv, ]gpXmc hdp¯Xv!

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Hu«v Hm^v td©v / tPm¬k¬ ]qh´pcp¯v

ho«nse ko\nbÀ ]qh³tImgn \o«nIqhp¶Xp tI«psImWvSmWp Nmt¡m¨³ I®pXpd¶Xv. B Iqhen\v Hcp bm{X tNmZn¡ensâ kzcaptWvSm ? Cu Iqh C\n F{X \mÄ...? Nmt¡m¨³ ]Xnsb P\ Xpd¶p ]pdt¯¡p t\m¡n. \me©p ]nSt¡mgnIÄ AS§p¶ kwLhpambn Hcp tImgn]£bm{Xbmbn apät¯¡p hcnIbmWp ]qh³ kJmhv. P\ Xpd¡p¶ i_vZw tI«psImWvSmtWmsb¶dnbnÃ, Ah³ Hcn¡ÂIqSn \o«nIqhn. ap{ZmhmIyw hnfn¨p ]gInb kJmhns\t¸mse \à sXfnª IqhÂ, F¦nepw Nmt¡m¨³ ]dªp: NndIpw hncn¨p apä¯p\n¡msX ]ndIphis¯§m\pw t]mbn Hfnt¨m. ]£n¸\n kvIzmUv Cd§nbn«pWvSv, Ahsc§m\pw IWvSm \ns¶sbms¡ \nÀ¯n I¯n¡pw.

]t£, aebmfw A{X ]nSnbnÃmªn«mtWmsb¶dnbnÃ, ]qh³ IqkenÃm¯ amthmbnÌns\t¸mse AhnsS¯s¶ Npän¯ncnªp. Adnbm¯ tImgn Xo]nSn¡pt¼mÄ ]Tnt¨mfpsa¶p Iaâv ]mkm¡n Nmt¡m¨³ hgnbntem«nd§n.

PwKvj\nse _Ôphnsâ tImgn¡SbmWp e£yw. ]£n¸\n hmÀ¯ h¶tXmsS IS ]q«nt¸mb I£nsb Fs´¦nepw ]dsªm¶mizkn¸n¡Ww. ]t£, sN¶t¸mÄ IS ]q«nbn«nsöp am{Xaà tImgn hm§m³ H¶p cWvSp t]À IyqhnepapWvSv. ]£n¸\n t]Sn¨p \m«pImcp apgph³ tImgnsbbpw Xmdmhns\bpsams¡ ImWpt¼mÄ HmSn c£s¸Sp¶Xn\nSbn Hcp t]SnbpanÃmsX tImgn hm§m³ \n¡p¶ Ch³amcpsS ss[cyw `b¦cw Xs¶.

Hcp]t£, ]£n¸\n aqew hne IpdªXp apXem¡ms\¯nb tImgn{]nb³amcmbncn¡pw. "\nsâ tImgnsbÃmw hm§m\mfnÃmsX ChnsS InS¶p NmIpatÃm Ft¶mÀ¯p hnjan¨m Rm³ h¶Xv...'þ CXpw ]dªp Nmt¡m¨³ tImgnhm§m³ h¶hsc angn¨pt\m¡n. Nmt¡m¨sâ t\m«w IWvSn«mhWw, tImgn¡S¡mc³ hniZoIcn¨p: Nmt¡m¨m, ]£n¸\nbmsW¶p aebmfn¡tà Adnbq, Chcp _wKmfnIfm. Ch³amÀ aebmfw ]Tn¡p¶Xphsc ]£n¸\nbÃ, b£n¸\n h¶mepw t\m t{]m»w!

]mhw aebmfnbpsS ØnXn C¯ncn IjvSw Xs¶. Imfbnd¨nbpw t]m¯nd¨nbpw Xn¶m³ t]Sn, Ft¸mgm B{´mIvknsâ hcsh¶p ]dbm³ ]änÃ. am¼gw IWvSm hmbn shÅaqdp¶Xp sImÅmw, kwKXn ImÀss_Unsâ _ÔphmWv. C\n ap´ncnbmsW¦n hnj¯n \ocm«pw IgnªmWv F¯p¶Xv. B¸nfn ISn¨m Ìn¡dpw sagpIpw. ssIX¨¡bnemsW¦n cmkhkvXphnsâ ssItbäw. ]¨¡dn ASp¯ ]©mb¯n F¯pt¼mtg IoS\min\nbpsS \mäw, CsXm¶pw thWvS, C¯ncn ao³ hm§n Iq«msa¶p IcpXnbm AtamWnb `ojWn. HSphnenXm, Xmdmhn\pw tImgn¡pw ]£n¸\n, ap«bnemsW¦n sshdknsâ Iq«B{IaWhpw!

kXy¯n aebmfn¡p a\xkam[m\t¯msS Ign¡m³ ]änb Fs´¦nepw kwKXn Cu \m«n DtWvSm ? At\zjn¨n«v C¡mcy¯n C\n Hcp hgntb Ahtijn¡p¶pÅq. No¸n\pw tkm¸n\pw Nmbt¡m¸bv¡pw hsc ssN\bntem«p t\m¡p¶ aebmfn C\n Xoä¡mcy¯nepw ssN\okv tamU kzoIcnt¡WvSn ht¶¡pw. ]mäm D¸nen«Xpw ]Ãnss{^bpw ]gpXmc hdp¯Xpw sNmdnb³]pgp s]mcn¨Xpsams¡ ]co£n¡m³ kabamsb¶p tXm¶p¶p. kÀ¡mcnt\mSv Hcp At]£, Hcp kÀhI£nkwLs¯ CtX¡pdns¨m¶p ]Tn¡m\pw Ign¡m\pw ssN\bnte¡p hn«pIqtS, ssN\ BbXn\m {]Xn]£¯n\pw FXnÀ¸pWvSmhnÃ!


ssN\bnepw Dt¯PIw

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än.kn. amXyp

Atacn¡ Dt¯PIw ]n³hen¨p. ssN\ Dt¯PIw Bcw`n¨p. X§Ä hfÀ¶p XpS§n, AXn\m C\n Dt¯PIw thsWvS¶v Atacn¡. X§fpsS hfÀ¨ Ip¯t\ Xmsgt¸mbn, AXn\m Dt¯PIw thWsa¶p ssN\.

ssN\ am{XaÃ, P¸m\pw bqtdm¸psams¡ Dt¯PI ]mXbnemWv.
P¸m³ Atacn¡sbt¸mse IS¸{X§Ä Xncn¨phm§pw; Pm¸\okv Kh¬saâv sNehp Iq«pw. A§s\ IqSpX ]Ww It¼mf¯n sNÃpw. B ]Ws¸cp¸w DXv]¶ hneIÄ Iq«pw. Ct¸mÄ hne Xmtgm«pt]mIp¶Xpaqew DÅ amµyw amäm³ Cu \S]Sn thWsa¶p P¸m³ IcpXp¶p. Ignª aq¶p amkw P¸msâ PnUn]n 1.6 iXam\w Npcp§n. AXn\p ap³]s¯ aq¶pamkw 7.1 iXam\w Npcp§nbXmWv. XpSÀ¨bmb cWvSp ss{Xamk§fn PnUn]n Npcp§nbXn\m P¸m³ Hu]NmcnIambn amµy¯nembn.

bqtdm¸pw XssYh

bqtdm¸nepw IY hyXykvXaÃ. PÀa\nbpw {^m³kpw Cäenbpsams¡ \maam{X hfÀ¨bnÂ. bqtdm \mWbw kzoIcn¨ cmPy§fn Ignª ss{Xamk hfÀ¨ 0.2 iXam\w. 28 AwK bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\n 0.3 iXam\w.

Chscsbms¡ h¨pt\m¡pt¼mÄ ssN\ \Ãt]mse hfcp¶pWvSv. Ignª ss{Xamk¯n hfÀ¨ 7.3 iXam\amWv. ]t£ ssN\okv \nehmcwh¨v CXp Xosc IpdhmWv. Ct¸mgs¯ ss{Xamk¯n hfÀ¨ GgpiXam\¯nte¡p Xmgpsa¶mWp coXn. Cs¡mÃw {]Xo£n¨ GgciXam\w hfÀ¨ Akm[ysa¶p hyàw. A§s\ h¶m 1990þ\p tijapÅ Gähpw Ipdª hfÀ¨bmIpw Cs¡mÃt¯Xv.

C\nbpw Ipdbv¡pw

Cu ]Ým¯e¯nemWp ssN\ ]eni\nc¡p Ipd¨v Dt¯P\w \ÂIm³ Xocpam\n¨Xv. \nt£] ]eni 0.25 iXam\hpw hmbv]m]eni 0.40 iXam\hpw Ipd¨p.

AXpsImWvSp XoÀ¶nÃ. ssN\okv tI{µ_m¦mb ]n_nHkn C\nbpw \nc¡p Ipdbv¡m³ XbmdmsW¶p kqNn¸n¨n«pWvSv. 12 hÀjambn _m¦v KhÀWdmb Nu jnbmthm Nphm³ t\cn«v H¶pw ]dªn«nsænepw _m¦v \nco£IcpsS hnebncp¯en C\n Iptd¡mew ssN\ ]eni\nc¡p Ipdbv¡pw.

hn]coX hgnIfnÂ

Atacn¡bn s^Ud dnkÀhv t_mÀUv sNbÀt]gvk¬ Pm\äv Fe³ Dt¯PIw Ipd¨p; XmaknbmsX ]eni \nc¡p Iq«pw.

hep¸¯n temI¯nse H¶mas¯bpw cWvSmas¯bpw k¼ZvLS\IÄ C§s\ hn]coX Znibn \o§p¶Xp temIs¯ F§s\ _m[n¡pw? aq¶mas¯ henb k¼ZvLS\bmb P¸m\pw H¶ns¨Sp¯m Gähpw hepsX¶p ]dbmhp¶ bqtdm¸pw Dt¯PI¯nte¡p \o§p¶ kmlNcyw IqSn IW¡nseSp¡pt¼mÄ F´mWp \nKa\w?

temI km¼¯nI hfÀ¨ Ct¸mÄ thWvStXmXnenÃ. F¶p hyàw. AXnse Gähpw henb LSIamb Atacn¡ tamiaÃm¯ tXmXn hfcp¶p. AXp kpØncamsW¶p bpFkv tI{µ_m¦v IcpXp¶p.

]mc¼tcyXc NnInÕ

]t£ aäp henb km¼¯nI iànIÄ¡p X§fpsS hfÀ¨t¯mXp \ne\nÀ¯m\pw Iq«m\pw ]änsöp t_m[yambn. AXpsImWvSp ]eni Ipd¨pw ]c¼cmKXaÃm¯ hgnIfneqsSbpw hfÀ¨bv¡p t\m¡p¶p. kÀ¡mÀ Cd¡nb IS¸{X§Ä Xncn¨p hm§n \m«n ]Ws¸cp¸apWvSm¡m¡emWv Cu ]mc¼tcyXc NnInÕ.

C¡gnª km¼¯nI amµyw XpS§nbt¸mÄ A¶s¯ bpFkv s^Uv sNbÀam³ s_³ s_ÀWm¦n \S¯nb NnInÕbmWnXv. 1929 emcw`n¨ almamµy¯nsâ Ncn{XsagpXnb BfmWp s_ÀWm¦n. A¶s¯ s^Uv ]We`yX Ipd¨XmWp amµyw Xo{hamIm³ ImcWsa¶mbncp¶p At±l¯nsâ \nKa\w. B ]T\^ew X\n¡p s^Uv \nb{´Ww In«nbt¸mÄ s_ÀWm¦n {]tbmKn¨p. ^ew ImWpIbpw sNbvXp. Atacn¡bnse amµyw amdn; hfÀ¨bpw sXmgnepw IqSn.

Ct¸mÄ P¸m\pw bqtdm¸pw B ]mX ]n´pScp¶p. ssN\ AXnte¡p IS¡pwap¼pÅ L«¯nemWv. ]eni Ipdbv¡Â ^en¨nsæn ]mc¼tcyXc NnInÕbv¡p aSn¡nsöp ]n_nHkn \ÂIp¶ kqN\.

NnInÕbpsS ^ew

Cu \S]SnIfpsS ^ew FÃmhÀ¡pw Adnbmw. It¼mf¯n IqSpX ]Ww F¯pw. ]Ws¸cp¸amIpw. DXv]¶ hneIÄ IqSpw. \mWbhne Ipdbpw.
ssN\bpsS Id³knbmb bphm\pw P¸msâ sb¶pw bqtdm¸nsâ bqtdmbpw ZpÀ_eamIpw.

Id³kn ZpÀ_eamIpt¼mÄ B cmPy§fnÂ\n¶pÅ IbäpaXn hÀ[n¡pw. At¸mÄ DXv]mZ\w Iq«mw; ^mÎdnIÄ¡p tijn apgph³ D]tbmKn¡mw; sXmgn hÀ[n¡pw. k¼¯v hÀ[n¡pw.
AXmWv, AXp am{XamWv Cu \S]SnIfpsSsbÃmw e£yw.

XmWXp Ipd¨p Ibdpw

AtXmsSm¸w kw`hn¡p¶ Nne Imcy§Ä DWvSv.
Atacn¡ Dt¯PIw ]n³hen¡p¶Xnsâ t]cn kw`hn¨Xn\p hn]coXambn Imcy§Ä \S¡mw. AtX tXmXnesænepw.

Xmtgm«p t]m¶ kzÀWhne Iptd Ibdpw. ssN\ shÅnbmgvN ]eniIpdbv¡Â {]Jym]n¨ tijapÅ BZy hym]mcZn\¯n¯s¶ CXnsâ kqN\ DWvSmbn. ssN\ C´ys¡m¸w kzÀWw D]tbmKn¡p¶ cmPyamsW¶pw HmÀ¡pI.

s]t{Smfnb¯n\p hne Ibdpw. ]gb\nehmc¯nte¡v F¯pIbnsænepw ssN\okv hfÀ¨ \nc¡p IqSpt¼mÄ s]t{Smfnbw hne KWyambn hÀ[n¡pw.

kväoÂ, Ccp¼bncv, Aeqan\nbw, sN¼v XpS§nbhbv¡p hne hÀ[n¡pw. ChbpsSsbms¡ temI¯nse Gähpw henb D]tbmàmhv ssN\bmWv. AhnsS hfÀ¨ IqSnbm Unam³Uv hÀ[n¡pw. 2014þse BZy 10 amkw temI¯p kväo DXv]mZ\w 13675 e£w S¬ Bbncp¶p. AXn ]IpXnbntesd (6853 e£w S¬) ssN\bnembncp¶p. P¸m\n 925 e£w S¬, Atacn¡bn 737 e£w S¬, C´ybn 695 e£w S¬ F¶ tXmXnembncp¶p DXv]mZ\w.

d_À IÀjIÀ¡pw {]Xo£

]pXnb \S]SnIÄ ssN\bpsS hfÀ¨m\nc¡v GgnÂ\n¶p ]¯piXam\¯nte¡p Ibänbm Gähpa[nIw kt´mjn¡mhp¶ tIcfobÀ d_À IÀjIcmWv. ssN\bnse d_À D]tbmKw IqSnbmte BtKmf d_À hne Dbcq. ImcWw ssN\bmWp temIhn]Wnbnse Gähpw henb d_À D]tbmàmhv. temI¯nse d_dnsâ 40 iXam\w ssN\bmWv D]tbmKn¡p¶Xv. 2013þ 41.5 e£w S¬ kzm`mhnI d_À ssN\ D]tbmKn¨p. C´ybpsS D]tbmK¯nsâ \menc«nbntesd. bqtdm¸v 11 e£w S®nepw Atacn¡ 10 e£w S®nepw Xmsg kzm`mhnI d_td D]tbmKn¡p¶pÅp.

ssN\okv hfÀ¨ 11 iXam\¯n\p apIfnÂ\n¶mWv Ggp iXam\¯n\Spt¯¡p XmWXv. AXn\p kam´cambn d_À hnebpw XmWp. Ct¸mÄ ]o¸nÄkv _m¦v Hm^v ssN\bpsS Xeh³ Nu jnbmthm Nphm³ ssIs¡mÅp¶ \S]Sn ssN\sb hoWvSpw DbÀ¶ hfÀ¨bpsS ]mXbn F¯n¨m d_À hnebpw Ibdpw.

tIcf¯nse am{Xaà Xmbve³Unepw Ct´mt\jybnepw hnbäv\manepw atejybnepsaÃmw Nuhnsâ \o¡w hnPbn¡Wsa¶mWv B{Klw. ssN\sb c£n¡m\pÅ {iaw d_dn\pw c£bmIpsa¶XpsImWvSmWXv.


]pSn³: Ìmensâ ASp¡f apXÂ s{Iwen³ sIm«mcw hsc

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hmÀ¯bv¡p ]n¶n / tPmkv B³{Uqkv

]WvSs¯ Imcyw ]dbmXncn¡pIbm t`Zw. se\nsâbpw Ìmensâbpsams¡ Acnsh¸pImcsâ sIm¨paIsâ Imcyam ]dbp¶Xv. km£m ]pSn³. hvfmUnanÀ hvfmUnantdmhn¨v ]pSn³. Acnsh¸pIYsbms¡ ]WvSv. Ct¸mÄ Bfp ]penXs¶. ]mÝmXycmjv{S§Ä sIWnbn Ipcp¡m³ Im¯ncn¡p¶ ]pensb¶pIqSn ]dªm ]pen¡Y ]qÀWamIpw. bps{Ibv³ F¶ cmPy¯v ]pen Cd§nb ImcyamWv ChnsS ]dbp¶Xv. Hcn¡Â tkmhnbäv bqWnbsâ `mKambncp¶ bps{Ibv³ F¶ cmjv{S¯nsâ kam[m\w CÃmXmbn«v Imetasdbmbn.

bps{Ibv\n ssIIS¯nbpw ssk\ys¯ Ab¨pw djy AhnsS B[n]Xyw \ne\nÀ¯m³ {ian¡pIbmWv. AXns\ sNdp¡m³ Atacn¡bpw Ahsc ]n´pWbv¡p¶ bqtdm]y³ cmPy§fpw adphi¯pw \nebpd¸n¨tXmsS bp²ambn. Hcp ]t£, tkmhnbäv bqWnbsâ XIÀ¨bv¡p tijapÅ ]p¯³ ioXbp²w F¶p ]dbmw.

Hcp Icmdnsâ IY

bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\pambn klIcn¨p {]hÀ¯n¡p¶Xn\pÅ Icmdn GÀs¸Sp¶XnÂ\n¶v 2013 \hw_dn bps{Ibv³ ]n³hm§nbtXmsS kam[m\t¡Sv ]mcayXbnse¯n Ft¶bpÅp. P\§fnsemcp hn`mKw CtXmsS djy³ A\pIqe kÀ¡mcns\Xntc Xncnªp.

sXcphn kacsamgnª t\cansömbn. djytbmSpÅ hnt[bXzwsImWvSmWv IcmdnÂ\n¶p ]n³hm§nbsX¶mbncp¶p kÀ¡mcns\ FXnÀ¡p¶ hn`mK¯nsâ Btcm]Ww. AXp ]IÂt]mse hyàhpambncp¶p. Atacn¡bpsS sXmgp¯n bps{Ibvs\ sI«p¶nsöp ]pSn³ Xocpam\n¨p.

Imcy§Ä IminsemXp§nbnÃ

P\§sf tkm¸nSm\pw Imcy§Ä X§Ä¡v A\pIqeam¡m\pw ]pSn³ Cd§n. bps{Ibn\p sImSp¯ncp¶ Kymknsâ hne Ipd¨psImSp¯p. ]ns¶ kÀ¡mcns\ FXnÀ¡p¶ P\§sf kam[m\n¸n¡m³ 15 _ney¬ tUmfdnsâ hmbv]bpw. ]t£, Imcy§Ä IminsemXp§nbnÃ. C¡gnª s^{_phcnbn {]Xn]£w `cWw ]nSns¨Sp¯p. {]knUâv bm\pt¡mhn¨v Hfnt¨mSn djybn A`bw {]m]n¨p. CtXmsS bps{Ibv³ djybpsS apJt¯ä ASnbmbn. bps{Ibv\nse \jvSs¸« {]Xm]w ]nSns¨Sp¡m³ ]pSn³ Xsâ Iuiehpw ssk\nIiànbpw D]tbmKn¨p.

amÀ¨v amk¯n bps{Ibnsâ `mKamb {Ioanbbn hnaXsc djy A[nImc¯nse¯n¨p. H¸w bps{Ibv\nse hnaXÀ¡v Bfpw AÀYhpw hmcnt¡mcn \evIpIbpw sNbvXp. Atacn¡bpw Atacn¡³ ]£]mXnIfmb bqtdm]y³ cmPy§fpw CtXmsS djybvs¡Xntc D]tcm[w GÀs¸Sp¯n.

bps{Ibv\n ]pSnsâ \m«pcmPy§Ä

bps{Ibnsâ Ing¡³ `mK¯v hnaXscs¡mWvSv C³Uns]³Uâv dn¸»nIv {]Jym]n¡m\pw ]pSn\p Ignªp. CtXmsS Cu hnaXsc `oIccmbn {]Jym]n¨v Ahsc ASn¨aÀ¯m³ bps{Ibv³ kÀ¡mÀ \S]SnsbSp¯p.

IcmÀ \S¸mbn, djy Xncn¨Sn¨p

C¡gnª tabn bps{Ibv³ {]knUâv sXcsªSp¸n s]t{Sm s]mtdmsjt¦m hnPbn¡pIbpw PqWn bptdm]y³ bqWnb\pambn klIcn¡p¶Xn\pÅ Icmdn H¸phbv¡pbpw sNbvXp. CXv ]pSnsâ apJ¯Sn¨Xn\p Xpeyambn. HmKÌn ]pSn³ bps{Ibn\nte¡v ssk\ys¯ Ab¨p. CtXmsS djybpsS ]n´pWbpÅ hnaXÀ¡v B[n]XyapÅ tUmsWSvkvIv, eplm³kvIv F¶o {]tZi§Ä¡v {]tXyI ]Zhn \evIm³ bps{Ibv³ \nÀ_ÔnXambn. AhnsS Unkw_dn sXcsªSp¸v \S¡m\ncn¡pIbmWv. ]t£, AXns\m¶pw Im¯ncn¡m³ hnaXÀ XbmdmbnÃ. AhÀ Ignª Znhkw sXcsªSp¸v \S¯n cWvSp djy³ A\pIqenIsf sXcsªSp¡pIbpw sNbvXp. Atacn¡tbm AhtcmsSm¸apÅ bqtdm]y³ cmPy§tfm bps{Ibv³ kÀ¡mtcm CXv AwKoIcn¨n«nÃ. ioXbp²w XpScpIbmsW¶p ]dbmt\ XXvImew \nhr¯nbpÅp. ChnsS ]pSn³ Hcp hi¯pw temIiànIfpsS h³\nc adphi¯pw \nebpd¸n¨ncn¡pIbmWv. F¶n«pw ]pSns\ ]nSn¨psI«m³ Ignbp¶nÃ. AXpsImWvSmWv Cu ioXbp²¯n ]pSns\ ]penbmbn temIw ImWp¶Xv.

]gb IayqWnÌv

Hmtcm kab¯pw Hmtcm ]mÀ«nbmsW¦nepw ]pSn³ Hcp ]gb IayqWnÌmWv. tkmhnbäv bqWnb³ temI¯nsâ sNs¦mSnbmbn ]mdn¸d¶ncp¶ Ime¯mbncp¶p hvfmUnanÀ hvfmUnantdmhn¨v ]pSn³ P\n¨Xv. ap¼v se\n³{KmUv F¶dnbs¸«ncp¶ skâv ]otägvkv_ÀKn 1952 HIvtSm_À Ggn\v. aXhnizmkw HutZymKnIambn \ntcm[n¡s¸«ncp¶ Ime¯v djy³ HmÀ¯tUmIvkv k`bn amt½mZok ap§n {InkvXym\nbmbn.

]pSn³ IpSpw_¯nsâ IayqWnÌv _Ôw se\nsâ ASp¡fhsc \oWvSpInS¡p¶psh¶p thWsa¦n ]dbmw. ImcWw ]pSnsâ hey¸³ se\ntâbpw tPmk^v Ìmentâbpw kzImcy]mNI¡mc\mbncp¶p.

]nXmhv hvfmUnanÀ kv]ncntUmtWmhn¨v ]pSn³ Hcp ^mIvSdnbn t^mÀam\mbncp¶p. ]n¶oSv t\hnbn tNÀ¶p. A½ acnb ^mIvSdns¯mgnemfnbmbncp¶p.

]pSns\¡qSmsX cWvSp a¡fpWvSmsb¦nepw acn¨pt]mbn. AXpsImWvSv GIaI\mbmWv ]pSn³ hfÀ¶Xv. KpkvXnbnepw aäp ImbnIaÕc§fnepw Xnf§nb ]pSn³ PqtUmbnepw djy³ Btbm[\Iebmb kmt¼mbnepw Nm¼y\mbXv shdpw 11 hbkpÅt¸mgmWv.

Cw¥ojv, PÀa³ `mjIÄ A\mbmtk\ D]tbmKn¡m³ ]Tn¨p. se\n³{KmUv tÌäv bqWnthgvknänbnÂ\n¶mbncp¶p \nba_ncpZw t\SnbXv.

Ifn ]Tn¨Xp sIPn_nbnÂ

XpSÀ¶v djy³ clkymt\zjWkwLS\bmb sIPn_nbn tNÀ¶p. 1976þ ]cnioe\w ]qÀ¯nbm¡n. cWvSpsImïn\p tijw hntZi clkymt\zjWhn`mK¯n tNÀ¶p. tamkvtImbmbncp¶p tI{µw. 83þhsc AhnsS XpSÀ¶p.

sIPn_nbpw tkmhnbäv bqWnb\pw Ncn{X¯nsâ Nphcnse s{^bnw sNbvX Nn{X§fmbn amdnsb¦nepw ]pSn\p In«nb ]cnioe\w AbmfpsS hfÀ¨bn Icp¯mbn.

85þ90 ImeL«¯n Ing¡³ PÀa\nbnse sIPn_n Hm^oknembncp¶p tPmen. IayqWnkw h³ Xncn¨SnIÄ t\cn« Imew. Ing¡³ PÀa\nbpw XIÀ¶tXmsS ]pSn³ \m«nte¡p aS§n. XmaknbmsX se\n³{KmUv bqWnthgvknänbn CâÀ\mjW A^tbgvkn tPmen¡p Ibdn.

A[ym]nIbmbncp¶ epZvanebmWp `mcy. cWvSp s]¬a¡fmWpÅXv. ImXybpw amjbpw.
91þ sIPn_nbpsS ]n´pWtbmsS tkmhnbäv {]knUâv anJmbn tKmÀ_t¨mhns\Xntc A«nadn{iaw \S¶p. B kab¯v ]pSn³ tPmen cmPnh¨p. skâv ]otägvkv_ÀKn tabdpsS Hm^okn hntZiImcyhIp¸nse I½nänbpsS Xeh\mbn. C¡me¯v ]pSn³ AgnaXn \S¯nbXmbn At\zjW I½oj³ IWvSp]nSn¨p. ]t£, in£sbm¶papWvSmbnÃ. 96þhsc I½nän Xeh\mbn XpSÀ¶p. am{XaÃ, At±lw cmjv{Sob¯n ]nSnapdp¡n¯pS§pIbpw sNbvXp.

sbÂSvknsâ hnizkvX³

1997þ {]knUâv t_mdnkv sbÂSvkn³ ]pSns\ {]knU³jy Ìm^nsâ sU]yq«n No^m¡n. cWvSpsImÃt¯mfw B Øm\¯p XpSÀ¶p.

]n¶oSv sbÂSvkn³ ]pSns\ \ntbmKn¨Xv sIPn_nbpsS ]pXnb ]Xn¸mb F^vFkv_nbn Xeh\mbn«mWv. djy³ s^Utdjsâ ØncmwKambpw \nbanX\mbn.

99þ ]pSn³ `cWcwKs¯¯nbXv aq¶p sU]yq«n {][m\a{´namcnsemcmfmbn«mbncp¶p. Xsâ ]n³Kmanbmbn«mWv sbÂSvkn ]pSns\ IWvSXv. XmaknbmsX AXp kw`hn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. HmKkväv 16þ\v AXp \S¸nembn. ]pSn³ djybpsS {][m\a{´nbmbn. sNNv\nbbn hnaX·mÀ bp²w {]Jym]n¨Xpw iàn {]ISn¸n¡m³ {ian¨Xpw ]pSn³ shÃphnfnbmsbSp¯p. ASn¨aÀ¯m\mbncp¶p ]pSnsâ Xocpam\w. temI¯n\pap¶n ]pSn³ Gsd hnaÀin¡s¸«Xpw CXnsâ t]cnemWv.

1999 Unkw_À 31þ\v Bcpw {]Xo£n¡m¯ kab¯v t_mdnkv sbÂSvkn³ cmPnhbv¡pIbpw Iogvhg¡a\pkcn¨v {][m\a{´nbmbncp¶ ]pSn³ {]knUâmIpIbpw sNbvXp. 2000þ \S¶ sXcsªSp¸n {]knUâmbn sXcsªSp¡s¸SpIbpw sNbvXp. ]ns¶ Xncnªpt\mt¡WvSnh¶n«nÃ. aq¶pXhW {]knUâmIm³ ]ämXncp¶Xn\m 2008þ2012 Ime¯v amdn\nevt¡WvSnh¶p. 2012þ hoWvSpw {]knUâmbn. ASp¯ XhWbpw aÕcn¡mw. t]m¡p IWvSn«v AXpXs¶bmWv Dt±iw. Atacn¡bpsS ap¶n ]nSn¨p\nev¡m³ ]pSn³ thWsa¶v djy¡mÀ¡pw tXm¶n¯pS§nbn«pWvSv.






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