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ioXbp²¯n\v F®bpw

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Ìm^v teJI³

cmPym´c hn]Wnbn F®hne IpdªXv C´y AS¡apÅ cmPy§fnse s]t{SmÄþUok D]tbmàm¡Ä¡p henb A\p{Klambn. F¶mÂ, F®hnebnSnhv djy¡pw Cdm\psaXntc Hcp ioXbp²¯n\v Atacn¡bpsS Bbp[amhpIbmtWm? \yqtbmÀ¡v ssSwknse tImfanÌmb tXmakv FÂ. {^oUvam³ A¯csamcp \nKa\¯nemsW¯p¶Xv. F®hnebnSnhv Ct¸mgs¯ tXmXn XpScp¶Xv djytbbpw Cdms\bpw km¼¯nI XIÀ¨bpsS h¡nse¯n¡psa¶v At±lw hnebncp¯p¶p.

en_nb, Cdm¡v, kndnb, ss\Pocnb XpS§nb ]e {]apJ F® DXv]mZI cmPy§fnepw cmjv{Sob {]iv\§Ä aqew F® DXv]mZ\w ]qÀWtXmXn \S¡p¶nÃ. F¶n«pw F®hne h³tXmXn CSnªp. F® Hcp _nkn\kmsW¦nepw Ct¸mgs¯ ØnXnKXnIÄ Hcp bp²¯nsâ {]XoXn DWÀ¯p¶psWvS¶p {^oUvam³ ]dbp¶p. F®hne¯IÀ¨ F® k¼¯n DuäwsImÅp¶ ]Ýntajybnse GIm[n]XnIÄs¡Ãmw hnjaZn\§fmWp k½m\n¡pI.

F®hnebnSnhn\p ]e ImcW§fpw hnZKv[À NqWvSn¡mWn¡p¶pWvSv. Atacn¡bpsS hÀ[n¨ tXmXnepff F® DXv]mZ\w, bqtdm¸nsebpw ssN\bnsebpw km¼¯nI XfÀ¨, Hs¸Iv (s]t{Smfnbw IbäpaXn cmPy§fpsS kwLS\) cmPy§Ä F® DXv]mZ\w Ipdbv¡m¯Xv F¶n§s\bpÅ ]e ImcW§Ä. ImcW§sf´mbmepw F®hne¯IÀ¨ djybpsSbpw Cdmsâbpw _PäpIsf XInSwadn¨p. bps{Ibv³ {]iv\¯nsâ t]cn djys¡Xntc GÀs¸Sp¯nb D]tcm[w IqSpX ^ew ImWWsa¶v Atacn¡ B{Kln¡p¶pWvSv. F®hne¯IÀ¨ djysb IqSpX sRcp¡¯nem¡pw.

F¶mÂ, CXpaqeapÅ km¼¯nI {]XnkÔn djy³ t\Xmhv hvfmUnaÀ ]pSnsâ bps{Ibv³ \b¯n bmsXmcp amähpw DWvSm¡m³ t]mIp¶nsömWp hnZKv[cpsS hnebncp¯Â. ISpw]nSp¯hpambn At±lw apt¶m«pt]mIpw. AtXkabw, ]pSnsâ km¼¯nI ]n³_eamb djy³ _nkn\kpImÀ¡v CXp _p²nap«v DWvSm¡pw. F®tbbpw {]IrXnhmXIt¯bpw B{ibn¨mWp djy³ k¼ZvhyhØ hensbmcfhphsc \ne\n¡p¶Xv.

hnjan¡p¶ asämcp cmPyw Cdm\mWv. F®hne ho¸bv¡v 100 tUmfdn Xmsgt¸mIp¶Xv Cdm³ _Pänsâ Xmfw sXän¡pw. C¶es¯ F®hne ho¸bv¡v 81.40 tUmfdmbncp¶p. ]Ýntajybnse {]apJ F® DXv]mZIÀ DXv]mZ\w sh«n¡pd¨v hne 90 tUmfdm¡n \nÀ¯m³ {ian¡psa¶mWp ]ecpw IW¡pIq«p¶Xv.

F®hnebpsS \nb{´Ww Hs¸¡nsâ ssIbnÂ\n¶p X§fpsS ssIbnte¡p sImWvSphcm³ Atacn¡ {ian¡p¶pWvSv. Atacn¡ F® DXv]mZ\w Iq«nbXmWv Ct¸mgs¯ hnebnSnhn\v Hcp {][m\ ImcWw. Ignª BdphÀjwsImWvSv Atacn¡bpsS F® DXv]mZ\w 70 iXam\w IWvSp hÀ[n¨p. Gähpw henb F® DXv]mZI cmPyamb kuZn Atd_ysb adnIS¡m\mWt{X Atacn¡bpsS {iaw.

]eXc¯nepÅ A´mcmjv{S kwLÀj§fpWvSmbt¸mgpw F® DXv]mZ\w X{´]qÀhw Iq«nbpw Ipd¨pw hne sÌUnbmbn \nÀ¯m³ kuZn Atd_y¡v CXphsc Ignªncp¶p. F® k¼¯psImWvSp kuZnbpw aäv Ad_n cmPy§fpw temIcmjv {Sobs¯ \nb{´n¡m³ {ian¡p¶ AhØhsc Imcy§sf¯n. BtKmf `oIcXbpsS hfÀ¨bv¡pw F®¸Ww hln¨ ]¦v sNdpXÃ. F®hne ho¸bv¡v 75þ80 tUmfÀ hsc Ipdbp¶Xn\p kuZn Im¯ncn¡psa¶pw At¸mÄ Atacn¡bnse ]e F® _nkn\kpImcpw IfwhnSpsa¶pw At¸mÄ hn]Wn XncnsI¸nSn¡msa¶papÅ IW¡pIq«enemWp kuZnsb¶p IcpXp¶hcpWvSv.

Atacn¡bpsS Ct¸mgs¯ F® \bcq]oIcW¯n\v 1973þ74  Ad_nIÄ F® D]tcm[w GÀs¸Sp¯nb Imet¯mfw ]g¡apWvSv. tbmwIn¸qÀ bp²¯n C{ktbens\ klmbn¨ Atacn¡sb ]mTw ]Tn¸n¡m\mWv H¸Iv cmPy§Ä A¶v F® DXv]mZ\w Ipdbv¡m³ Xocpam\n¨Xv. AXv ]pXn F® ]cyth£W§Ä¡v Atacn¡sb t{]cn¸n¨p. Atacn¡bpsS hÀ[n¨ F® DXv]mZ\w AhnsS ]pXpXmbn Bbnc¡W¡n\p sXmgnepIÄ krãn¡m³ klmbn¨n«pWvSv. bpFkv k¼ZvhyhØbv¡pw AXv DWÀthIn.

`mhnbn F®£maw DWvSmImXncn¡m³ F® IbäpaXn \St¯sWvS¶v Atacn¡ Xocpam\n¨ncp¶p. (AemkvIbnepw Ient^mÀWnbbnse Nne `mK§fnepw DXv]mZn¸n¡p¶ F®bv¡v CXnÂ\n¶v HgnhpWvSv). Cu \ntcm[\w \o¡n km¼¯nI {]hÀ¯\w XzcnXs¸Sp¯m³ klmbn¡Wsa¶p hmZn¡p¶ ]ecpw Atacn¡bnepWvSv.


{]hmknIÄ¡mbn khntij ]²XnIÄ

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ssh.Fkv. ISmcnb (teJI³ \yqUÂln ]nsF_nbn tI{µ {]hmknImcy hIp¸nsâ Un¸mÀ«vsaâ ]»nknän Hm^okdmWv.)

hntZi¯p t]mIm³ Dt±in¡p¶hcpw hntZi¯p hkn¡p¶hcpamb C´y¡mÀ¡p {]hmknImcy hIp¸nsâ tkh\§Ä {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. {]hmkn C´y¡msc Dt±in¨v 2004emWp tI{µ {]hmknImcy a{´mebw cq]hXvIcn¡s¸«Xv. C´y³ {]hmknIsf Iq«nbnW¡p¶ irwJe IqSnbmWp {]hmknImcy a{´mebw. ]pXnb _nsP]n kÀ¡mÀ {]hmknImcy a{´mebs¯ hntZiImcy a{´meb¯nsâ `mKam¡n.

\mep tkh\ hn`mK§fmWp {]hmknImcy hIp¸nepÅXv. 1. hwiP tkh\§Ä. 2. km¼¯nI tkh\§Ä. 3. Fant{Kj³ tkh\§Ä. 4. amt\Pvsaâv tkh\§Ä.

{]hmknImcy hIp¸nsâ Imcy]cn]mSnbn Xmsg¸dbp¶hbpw DÄs¸Sp¶p. 1. C´ybpsS hnIk\¯nÂ\n¶p {]hmknIÄ¡p {]tbmP\w e`n¡p¶ Xcw ]¦mfn¯ Imcy]cn]mSn hnIkn¸n¡pI. 2. C´y³ {]hmknIfpsS irwJeIÄ cq]oIcn¡m\pÅ cq]tcJ Xbmdm¡pI. 3. \m«nsebpw hntZis¯bpw Øm]\§sf C¯cw irwJeIfpsS `mKam¡pI. 4. C´y³ {]hmknIfpsSbpw C´y³ hwiPcpsSbpw Adnhpw aäp hn`h§fpw {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯m\pÅ hyànKX, kmaqlnI IÀa]²Xn¡p cq]tcJ Xbmdm¡pI. 5. C´ybpsS hnIk\ {ia§Ä¡p {]hmknIfpsS AÀY]qÀWamb ]¦mfn¯w Dd¸m¡p¶Xn\p amÀKtcJ Xbmdm¡pI. 6. tZiob, kwØm\ Xe§fn C´ybpw C´y³ hwiPcpambpÅ kwhmZ¯n\p amXrIIÄ hnIkn¸n¡pI. 7. km¼¯nI, kmaqlnI, kmwkvImcnI cwKs¯ ]pXnb kwcw`§Ä¡v C´y³ {]hmkntemI¯nsâ ]¦mfn¯w Dd¸m¡pI. 8. {]hmknIfpsSbpw IpSntbä¡mcpsSbpw Bhiy§Ä¡\pkrXambn ss\]pWy hnIk\ ]cn]mSnIÄ kwØm\§fn hnIkn¸n¡pI.

Cu AP³U \S¸m¡p¶Xn\p \mep amÀK\nÀtZiI X¯z§fmWp a{´mebw ]n´pScp¶Xv.

1. {]hmkn `mcXob kaql¯nsâ {]Xo£IÄ \ndthäm\pÅ km{¼ZmbnI ]cnlmc§Ä. 2. C´ybpw `mcXob {]hmknIfpambpÅ _Ô¯n\p X{´{][m\ hym]vXn ssIhcp¯pI. 3. {]hmknIfpsS Adnhpw aäp hn`h§fpw ^e{]Zambn {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯pI. 4. FÃm {]hmkn kwcw`§fnepw kwØm\§sf _Ôn¸n¨p \nÀ¯pI.

HmhÀkokv C´y³ ^knentäj³ skâÀ, Iu¬kn t^mÀ {]tamj³ Hm^v HmhÀkokv Fwt¹mbvsaâv, HmhÀkokv C´y³ skâdpIÄ, s]mXpþkzImcy ]¦mfn¯§Ä XpS§nbh hgnbmWp tI{µ {]hmknImcy a{´mebw {]hmknIfpambpw {]hmknIÄ¡nSbnepapÅ irwJeIÄ hnIkn¸n¡p¶Xv.

hmWnPy \nt£] cwK¯pw IpSntbäw, hnZym`ymkw, BtcmKyw, imkv{Xþkmt¦XnIw, kmwkvImcnI cwKw XpS§nb hnhn[ taJeIfnepw C´y³ hwiPcpÄs¸« {]hmknIÄ¡mbn a{´mebw hnhn[ ]²XnIÄ BhnjvIcn¨p \S¸m¡p¶pWvSv. {]hmkn `mcXob Znhkv, C´ybpsS HmhÀkokv ]ucXzw, C´ysb AdnbpI ]²Xn, C´y BtcmKyc£m ]cn]mSn, {]hmkn `mcXob `oa tbmP\, {]hmkn `mcXob tI{µw XpS§nbh Chbn NneXmWv.

1. C´ysb AdnbpI ]²Xn

]Xns\«n\pw 26 \pw CSbnepÅ C´y³ hwiPcmbn«pÅ bphm¡sf cmPyw t\Snb ]ptcmKXnbpw t\«§fpambn ]cnNbs¸Sp¯pI hgn Ahsc ]qÀhnIcpsS \mSpambn ASp¸n¨p\nÀ¯pI F¶XmWv “C´ysb AdnbpI” ]²XnbpsS e£yw. hntZis¯ C´y³ anj\pIfn \n¶p e`n¡p¶ in]mÀi {]ImcamWp ]²Xnbnte¡p bphm¡sf sXcsªSp¡p¶Xv. ]²XnbpsS `mKambn bphm¡Ä¡p XmakkuIcyw Hcp¡pIbpw AhcpsS C¡tWman ¢mknse hnam\bm{X¡qenbn 90 iXam\w XncnsI \ÂIpIbpw sN¿p¶p.

C´ysb¡pdn¨pw cmPy¯nsâ `cWLS\sb¡pdn¨pw cmjv{Sob {]{Inbsb¡pdn¨papÅ AhXcW§Ä, {]apJ kÀhIemimeIfnsebpw tImfPpIfnsebpw aäp Øm]\§fnsebpw hnZymÀYnIfpw A[ym]Icpambn IqSn¡mgvNbv¡pÅ Ahkcw, hyhkmb Øm]\§fnse kµÀi\w, {KmaoW taJeIfnse kµÀi\w, C´y³ am[ya, kn\na cwKs¯¡pdn¨pÅ AhXcWw, kv{XoIfpsS {]iv\§Ä ssIImcyw sN¿p¶ F³PnHIfpw kwLS\Ifpambn IqSn¡mgvN, Ncn{X{]m[m\yapÅ Øe§fnte¡pw kvamcI§fnte¡papÅ kµÀi\§Ä, kmwkvImcnI ]cn]mSnIfnse ]¦mfn¯w, tbmK XpS§nbhsbÃmw ]cn]mSnbpsS `mKamWv. C´y³ cmjv{S]Xn, apJy sXcsªSp¸v I½ojWÀ, I¬t{SmfÀ B³Uv HmUnäÀ P\dÂ, {]hmkn Imcy, bphP\Imcy, kvt]mÀSvkv hIp¸pIfpsS NpaXebpÅ a{´namÀ XpS§nbhcpambn IqSn¡mgvNbv¡pÅ Ahkchpw bphm¡Ä¡p e`n¡pw.

2. C´ybn ]Tn¡pI F¶ ]²Xn

C´ybnse kÀhIemimeIfn {]hmkn `mcXob bphm¡Ä¡v {lkz tImgvkpIÄ sN¿m³ Ahkcw \ÂIp¶XmWv C´ybn ]Tn¡pI F¶ ]²Xn. 2012 sk]väw_À 25 apX HIvtSm_À 23 hsc ]qs\bnse knw_tbmknkv kÀhIemimebnemWv CXnemZyt¯Xp \S¯nbXv. {Sn\nUmUv B³Uv Sp_mtKm, atejy, ^nPn, Z£nWm{^n¡ F¶nhnS§fn \n¶mbn C´y³ hwiPcmb H³]Xv bphm¡Ä A¶v ]Tn¡ms\¯n. 2013 \S¯nb cWvSmw tImgvkn 14 bphm¡Ä ]s¦Sp¯p.

3. C´y³ hwiP hnZymÀYnIÄ¡mbn kvtImfÀjn¸v ]²XnIÄ

2006þ07 hÀjamWv Fkv]nUnkn F¶ t]cnepÅ kvtImfÀjn¸v ]²XnIfpsS XpS¡w. 4000 tUmfÀ hsc aqeyapÅ 100 kvtImfÀjn¸pIfmWv {]XnhÀjw \ÂIp¶Xv. F³Pn\nbdnwKv, kmt¦XnIhnZy, lypam\näokv, en_d BÀSvkv, sImtagvkv, amt\Pvsaâv, tPÀWenkw, tlm«Â amt\Pvsaâv, Irjn, arKkwc£Ww XpS§nb hnhn[ hnjb§fnse _ncpZ tImgvkpIÄ¡mWv kvtImfÀjn¸pIÄ \ÂIp¶Xv. tI{µ am\h hn`htijn a{´meb¯nsâ IognepÅ FPypt¡jW I¬k«âvkv C´y enanäUmWv ]²Xn \S¸m¡p¶Xv. 660 hnZymÀYnIÄ kvtImfÀjn¸v D]tbmKs¸Sp¯nbn«pWvSv.

4. {]hmknIfmb `À¯m¡·mÀ Dt]£n¡pItbm Häs¸Sp¯pItbm sNbvX `mcXobcmb kv{XoIÄ¡pÅ \nba,km¼¯nI klmbw \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ ]²Xn

C´y³ kv{XoIsf `À¯m¡·mÀ Dt]£n¡p¶tXm Häs¸Sp¯p¶tXm Bbn _Ôs¸« hnjb§Ä k¦oÀWamWv. hntZi¯pÅ hc·mcpambn hnhml _Ô¯nteÀs¸Sp¶ kv{XoIÄ¡pw AhcpsS IpSpw_§Ä¡pw X§fpsS AhImi§sf¸änbpw ISaIsf¸änbpw kpc£m ap³IcpXepIsf¸änbpw t_m[hXvIcWw \ÂIp¶pWvSv. {]hmknIfmb `À¯m¡·mÀ Dt]£n¡pItbm Häs¸Sp¯pItbm sNbvX `mcXob kv{XoIÄ¡v \nba, km¼¯nI klmbw \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ ]²Xn¡v 2007emWv XpS¡an«Xv. 2011 \hw_À 30\v ]²Xn ]cnjvIcn¨p. ]cnjvIcn¨ ]²XnbpsS ]cn[nbn C´ybntem hntZit¯m \S¯p¶ hnhml§fpw C´y¡mct\m hntZintbm Bb `À¯mhpsaÃmw DÄs¸«n«pWvSv.

C´y³ h\nXm kwLS\Itfm, C´y³ kaql Atkmkntbj\pItfm, C´y³ ZuXy§fn Fw]m\ sNbvX F³PnHItfm hgnbmWp Iu¬knenwKpw \nbaklmbhpw \ÂIp¶Xv. 27 F³PnHIÄ C¯c¯n Fw]m\ sN¿s¸«n«pWvSv. 136 kv{XoIÄ¡p \mfnXphsc ]²XnbpsS {]tbmP\w e`n¡pIbpw 1.34 tImSn cq] hnhn[ F³PnHIÄ¡v C´y³ ZuXy§Ä hnXcWw sN¿pIbpw sNbvXp.

5. thcpIÄ tXSp¶ ]²Xn

C´y³ hwiPÀ¡p \m«n AhcpsS ]qÀhnIcpsS thcpIÄ At\zjn¨dnbm³ kuIcysamcp¡p¶ t{SknwKv Zv dq«vkv ]²Xn¡v 2008 HIvtSm_dnemWp XpS¡amIp¶Xv. ]qÀhnI thcpIÄ tXSm³ B{Kln¡p¶ C´y³ hwiPÀ AhcpsS cmPys¯ C´y³ ZuXy§fn \nÝnX amXrIbnepÅ At]£ CXn\mbn ]qcn¸n¨p \ÂIWw. At]£mt^mw sh_vsskän e`yamWv. At]£tbmsSm¸w 30,000 cq]bv¡p Xpeyamb XpI tUmfdntem bqtdmbntem \ÂIWw. At]£Isâ Pohn¨ncn¡p¶ Gähpw ASp¯ _Ôp, ]qÀhnIcpsS P·tZiw, e`yamb aäp IpSpw_ imJm hnhc§Ä XpS§nbh At]£I\v a{´mebw e`yam¡pw. hnhc§Ä \ÂIm³ Ignbm¯ ]£w C´y³ ZuXyw At]£I\v 20,000 cq] XncnsI \ÂIm³ {]XnÚm_²cmWv.

6. almßm KmÔn {]hmkn kpc£m tbmP\

\n]pWcpw AÀ[ \n]pWcpamb {]hmkn C´y³ sXmgnemfnIÄ¡pthWvSn Xbmdm¡nb kmaqlnI kpc£m ]²XnbmWp almßmKmÔn {]hmkn kpc£m tbmP\. CknBÀ ]mkvt]mÀ«v DÅhcpw XmXvImenI sXmgn s]Àanänsâ ASnØm\¯n 17 CknBÀ cmPy§fn tPmen sN¿p¶hcpamb sXmgnemfnIÄ¡mWv ]²XnbpsS {]tbmP\w e`n¡pI. ]co£WmÀY¯n 2012 sabv H¶p apX tIcf¯n ]²Xn \S¸m¡n. ]²Xn¡p IognepÅ Kh¬saâv hnlnXw A©p hÀj¡met¯t¡m sXmgnemfn C´ybnte¡v aS§nsb¯pItbm(GXmWv BZyw F¶Xv A\pkcn¨v) sN¿pw hscbmWv ASbv¡pI.

7. {]hmkn `mcXob _oa tbmP\

]pdwcmPy§fn tPmen¡mbn t]mIp¶ C´y³ IpSntbä¡mc\v acWtam, Ønc sshIeytam kw`hn¡p¶ ]£w AbmfpsS t\man\nt¡m \nba]camb AhImint¡m ]¯p e£w cq] hsc C³jzd³kv ]cnc£ \ÂIp¶ ]²XnbmWv {]hmkn `mcXob _oa tbmP\. _Ôs¸« s{]m«IvSÀ Hm^v Fan{Kâvkn \n¶v Fant{Kj³ ¢nbd³kv e`n¨tijw am{Xw tPmen¡mbn t]mIp¶ sXmgnemfn¡mWv Cu B\pIqey¯n\v AÀlX. cWvSp hÀjtam, sXmgn Imemh[ntbm (GXmWv ssZÀLyapÅsX¶Xv A\pkcn¨v) BWv C³jzd³kv t]mfnknbpsS Imemh[n.

C³jzÀ sN¿s¸« sXmgnemfn¡p acWw kw`hn¡p¶ ]£w Ct¡mWan ¢mknse aS¡ Sn¡äv XpI C³jzd³kv I¼\n XncnsI \ÂIpw. sXmgnemfn Bip]{Xnbn {]thin¸n¡s¸«p Ignªm 75,000 cq] saUn¡Â C³jzd³kv ]cnc£bpw e`n¡pw. sXmgnemfnbpsS IpSpw_mwKamWv Bip]{Xnbn {]thin¸n¡s¸Sp¶sX¦n 50,000 cq]bpw e`n¡p¶XmWv. kv{XoIfmb IpSntbä sXmgnemfn¡v {]khm\pIqeyambn 25,000 cq] e`n¡pw. \nba klmb§Ä¡v 30,000 cq]bpw Cu ]²XnbpsS `mKambn hyhØIÄ¡v hnt[bambn e`n¡p¶XmWv. cWvSp hÀjt¯¡v 275 cq]bpw tkh\ \nIpXnbpw aq¶p hÀjt¯¡v 375 cq]bpw tkh\ \nIpXnbpamWv t]mfnknbpsS {]oaobw XpI.


`oIcXbpsS ]Stbm«w

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sbÂtZm tP¡_v

AÂIzbvZbvs¡m¸w `oIcXbpsS ]cymbambn temIcmjv{S§Ä `b¸mtSmsS t\m¡n¡mWp¶ `oIckwLS\bmWv CkvemanIv tÌäv F¶ sFFkv. temIkam[m\¯n\p henb `ojWnbmbn sFFkv hfÀ¶psImWvSncn¡p¶p. B`y´cbp²¯n\v Cdm¡n Act§äw Ipdn¨ sFFkv XpÀ¡n AXnÀ¯nbnepÅ kndnb³ ]«Wamb sIm_m\nbn hscsb¯n t]mcm«w iàam¡nbncn¡pIbmWv. sFFkns\Xntc t]mcmSm³ XpÀ¡n Atacn¡tbmSp klIcn¡p¶Xphsc F¯ncn¡p¶p Imcy§Ä.

Cdm¡pw kndnbbpw kao]{]tZi§fpw DÄs¸Sp¶ Hcp Jeo^m cmjv{Sw kz]v\w ImWp¶ AÀ[ PnlmZn {Kq¸mb sFFknsâ Xeh³ Xebv¡v Hcp tImSn tUmfÀ hnebn«n«pÅ A_q_¡À AÂ_mKvZmZnbmWv. AÂIzbvZbpsS hnLSnXhn`mKsa¶ \nebn sFFkv Cdm¡nepw kndnbbnepambmWp ]n¨hbv¡m³ ]Tn¨Xv. Cdm¡nsebpw kndnbbnsebpw kp¶n taJeIfnembncp¶p sFFknsâ I®v. Cdm¡nse càs¨mcn¨nepIÄ¡ptijw sFFkv {]hÀ¯\w 2013 kndnbbnte¡pw hym]n¸n¨p. CtXmsSbmWv Cu `oIckwLS\bpsS sImSnb hn]¯v temIw Xncn¨dnbm³ XpS§nbXv.

]WkamlcWambncp¶p A_q_¡À A _mKvZmZnbpsS BZy e£yw. kndnbbn {]hÀ¯\w XpS§nbt¸mÄ D¶wh¨Xv Ing¡³taJebnepÅ F®¸mS§sf. F®¸mS§Ä B{Ian¨p Iogvs¸Sp¯nbtXmsS sFFkn\p t\Sm\mbXp tImSn¡W¡n\p tUmfdmWv. AXn{Iaw AXpsImWvSp \nÀ¯nbnÃ. kndnbbn ]ucmWnIhkvXp¡fpw aäpw IhÀ¶pw BfpIsf _µnIfm¡nbpw tImSnIÄ t\Sn. sFFknsâ Ct¸mgs¯ BkvXn 200 tImSn tUmfÀ hcpsa¶mWp IW¡v. kndnbbnepw Cdm¡nepw kÀ¡mcpIsf shÃphnfn¨psImWvSv sFFkv XpScp¶ \c\mbm«nsâ km¼¯nI ]n³_ew Cu ]WamWv.

]Ýntajybnse henb [\mVycpsS kw`mh\IfnÂ\n¶p aqe[\w kamlcn¨p {]hÀ¯\w XpS§nb sFFkn\v Ct¸mÄ Cdm¡nepw kndnbbnepambn 11 F®¸mS§Ä kz´ambpsWvS¶mWv Atacn¡³ GP³knIÄ¡p e`n¨ncn¡p¶ hnhcw. F® 25 apX 65 hsc tUmfÀ hneIpd¨p Icn©´bn hnäv sFFkv ]WkamlcWw \S¯p¶p.

Cdm¡nsâbpw kndnbbpsSbpw Gsd `mK§fpsS \nb{´Ww ]nSn¨S¡nb sFFkv X§fpsS A[o\XbnepÅ {]tZi§fnÂ\n¶p _eambn \nIpXn ]ncn¡p¶Xmbpw dnt¸mÀ«pIfpWvSv. Cdm¡n {]knUâmbncp¶ k±mw lpssk³ 2003 ]pd¯m¡s¸«tXmsS IÅ¡S¯pImcpsS kzÀKambn amdnbncn¡p¶ Cdm¡vþXpÀ¡n AXnÀ¯n{]tZi§fneqsS sFFkv tImSnIfpsS IÅ¡S¯p \S¯p¶XmbmWp hnhcw. C¶p temI¯v Gähpw IqSpX BkvXnbpÅ `oIc{]Øm\§fn H¶maXmWv sFFknsâ Øm\w.

kwLS\bv¡p km¼¯nI ]n³_eambtXmsS Cdm¡v ]nSn¨S¡pIsb¶ e£y¯nte¡v sFFkv e£yw Xncn¨phn«p. iàamb B{IaW§Ä Agn¨phn«v Cdm¡nse dmJ, ^eqP, damZn, samkqÄ, lnXv F¶o X{´{][m\ {]tZi§Ä X§fpsS A[o\Xbnem¡n. _mKvZmZn\v Gsd AIsebÃmsX A_pKcn_v hscsb¯n\n¡pIbmWhÀ. CXn\nsS AhÀ Hgp¡nb tNmcbv¡p IW¡nÃ. sFFknsâ càs¨mcn¨n Ahkm\n¸n¡m³ Atacn¡ \S¯nb CSs]SÂt]mepw ^e{]ZambnÃ. Atacn¡ \S¯nb iàamb thymam{IaWs¯ {]Xntcm[n¨p bq{^«okv \Zn¡cbnepÅ lnXv \Kcw ]nSn¡m³ sFFkn\p Ignªp.

\yq\]£ th«bmWv sFFkv `oIcXbpsS apJap{Z. sFFkv ]nSn¨S¡nb samkqÄ DÄs¸sSbpÅ \Kc§fnÂ\n¶p ss{IkvXhcpw bkoZnIfpw AS¡apÅ \yq\]£§Ä B«ntbmSn¡s¸«p. AhcpsS kz¯pw k¼mZy§fpw X«nsbSp¡s¸«p. ]emb\w sN¿m¯hÀ {Iqcambn ]oUn¸n¡s¸«p. sFFkv `oIcÀ sbkoZn kv{XoIsf X«ns¡m«pt]mbn ]oUn¸n¨Xnsâbpw teew sNbvXp hnäXnsâbpsams¡ hmÀ¯IÄ temIs¯ sR«n¨p. X§Ä ]nSn¨S¡nb {]tZi§fnse \yq\]£§Ä¡p Poh³ \ne\nÀ¯m³ cWvSv D]m[nIfmWv sFFkv apt¶m«ph¨Xvþ H¶pIn aXw amdpI, Asæn Xm§m\mhm¯ aX\nIpXn sImSp¡pI. Ccp]s¯m¶mw \qämWvSnÂ\n¶p {]mIrXbpK¯nte¡pÅ Xncn¨pt]m¡v.

aX¯nsâ t]cnepÅ ]oU\§Ä¡pw Iq«s¡meIÄ¡pw Xebdp¡Â t]mepÅ {]mIrX in£mcoXnIÄ¡psam¸w kmwkvImcnI _nw_§fpsS taepÅ IS¶pIbä¯n\pw sFFkv hnaÀin¡s¸Sp¶p. kndnb þCdm¡v taJebn Ncn{Xapd§p¶ \nch[n ss{IkvXh tZhmeb§fpw tamkvIpIfpw {]XnaIfpw I_dnS§fpw B{ia§fpsaÃmw sFFkv B{IaW¯n XIÀ¡s¸«p.

k¼¶amb Hcp kwkvImc¯nsâ t\À¡mgvNIfmbncp¶p ChsbÃmw. C¯cw \ã§Ä DWvSm¡p¶ hnÅepIÄ Hcn¡epw \nI¯m\mhm¯XmWv. \ãs¸Sp¶ PohnX§fpsS IWs¡Sp¸n\nsS temIw AXp hnkvacn¡p¶p.

Cdm¡nepw kndnbbnepw sFFkv Hgp¡p¶ tNmc¸pgIÄ bp²¯nse A\nhmcyX F¶Xn\¸pdw hyàamb e£yt¯msSbpÅ t_m[]qÀhamb D·qe\ hgnIfmbn hymJym\n¡p¶hcpWvSv. XmcXay§fnÃm¯ `oIcXbpsS ]¯n XIÀ¡m³ \·bpsS Ic§Ä¡p Ignbs«sb¶mWp temIw {]mÀYn¡p¶Xv.


ipNnXz km£cX: Nne Nn´IÄ

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]n.Fw. tXmakv

Ipd¨pZnhkw ap¼v knwK¸qÀ kµÀin¨ Ahkc¯n KmÀU³kv ss_ Z t_ (Gardens by the bay) F¶ t]cnepff h¼³ {]ZÀi\w ImWm\nSbmbn. AXnsâ kmt¦XnI¯nIhpw sshhn[yhpw AXnibIcambncp¶p. F¶mÂ, AXnt\¡mÄ AXnibw P\n¸n¨Xv {]ZÀi\\Kcnbn Zriyamb ipNnXzamWv. XriqÀ ]qc¸d¼nsâ A©p aS§v hep¸apÅXmbncp¶p {]ZÀi\ \Kcn. XriqÀ PnÃbn sam¯apÅ{X ImdpIÄ ]mÀ¡v sNbvXn«pWvSv AhnsSsb¶p ]mÀ¡nwKv GcnbbpsS Zriyw tXm¶n¸n¨p.

]Xn\mbnc¡W¡n\v BfpIÄ \ntXy\ F¯nb {]ZÀi\\KcnbpsS HcnS¯pw Hcp ISemtkm ¹mÌnIv Ihtdm tkm^väv {UnwKvknsâ IqtSm hens¨dnªpInS¡p¶Xmbn IWvSnÃ. AXp knwK¸qÀ P\XbpsS A¨S¡hpw hr¯nbpw hnfnt¨mXn. e£¡W¡n\p P\§Ä h¶pt]mbn«pw KXmKX¡pcp¡nsâ ]oU\w HgnhmbXv AhcpsS \nbat_m[hpw hyàam¡n.

HcmgvN Ignªp Xriqcn aS§nsb¯nbtijw ASp¯Sp¯ Znhk§fn ]qc¸d¼v tI{µoIcn¨p \S¶ s]mXp]cn]mSnIÄ¡ptijw AhnsS¡WvS AhØ k¦Sw DWÀ¯p¶Xmbncp¶p. I¸eWvSn s]mXnª ISemkpIÄ, tkm^väv {UnwKvkv IqSpIÄ, kvt{SmIÄ, aäp hnhn[ Xcw IhdpIÄ F¶nh Ae£yambn hens¨dnªncn¡p¶p.

s]mXp]cnkcw hr¯ntISm¡pI auenImhImiamWv F¶ coXnbnemWp tIcfobcpsS s]cpamäw. Ipfn¨p ip²nbmbn Bcm[\meb¯nte¡p t]mIp¶hÀ hgnh¡nte¡p hens¨dnbm³ amen\ys¸mXn ssIbnseSp¡p¶ \mSmWp \½ptSXv. AXp \yq\]£w BfpIfpsS kz`mhamsW¶p ]dªp XÅn¡fbm\mhnÃ. `qcn]£hpw A§s\bmWv. al¯mb `mcXob kwkvImcs¯¡pdn¨v DuäwsImÅp¶ \½Ä A\pZn\ PohnX¯nse kwkvImcs¯ XoÀ¯pw A{][m\ambn ImWp¶p.

{][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZn CubnsS P¸m³ kµÀi\¯nsâ `mKambn at\mlc\Kcamb tIymt«mbpw kµÀin¡pIbpWvSmbn. AXnibIcamb coXnbn hr¯nbpw shSn¸papÅ \Kcs¯ tamZn {]iwkn¨t¸mÄ Pm¸\okv DtZymKØsâ {]XnIcWw, Cu kwkvImcw _p²\nÂ\n¶v, AXmbXv C´ybnÂ\n¶mWp X§Ä¡p ]IÀ¶pIn«nbXv F¶mbncp¶p. B {]iwk Gäphm§ns¡mWvSpXs¶ tamZn {]XnIcn¨Xv, "C´ybn R§Ä CsXÃmw ad¶pt]mbncn¡p¶p' F¶mWv. kµÀi\thfbn C´yþP¸m³ klIcW¯nsâ ]pXnb hmXmb\§Ä tXSnb tamZn KwKm\ZnbpsSbpw hmcmWkn \Kc¯nsâbpw ipNoIcW¯n\p P¸msâ klIcWw A`yÀYn¨p. temIss]XrI¯n DÄs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ AP´, FtÃmd KplIfpsS \hoIcW]²XnIÄ P¸msâ km¼¯nI, kmt¦XnI klmbt¯msSbmWp \S¶sX¶ hkvXpX Cu kµÀ`¯n tamZnbpsS a\kn DWvSmbncp¶ncn¡pw.

P¸m\pw C´y³ {][m\a{´nbpw am{Xw hnNmcn¨m C´y³ \Kc§fpw kvamcI{]tZi§fpw ip²nbpw ipNnXzhpw DÅhbmbn amdnÃ. ]uckaql¯nsâ kz`mhw amdWw. ipNnXzw PohnXcoXnbmbn apt¶dWw. ssZh¯n\p sXm«Sp¯ Øm\amWp ipNnXz¯n\pÅsX¶v BNmcy·mÀ ]Tn¸n¨n«pWvSv. PmXobamb AhiXIsf ipNnXzt_m[¯neqsS adnIS¡m\mhpsa¶p {io\mcmbWKpcphpw ]Tn¸n¨n«pWvSv.

a\pjysâ aew Npa¡m³ a\pjycn PmXnsb krjvSn¨ C´y³ a\knse Agp¡pIÄ IgpIn¡fbm³ KmÔnPn Gsd ]cn{ian¡pIbpWvSmbn. KmÔnPnbpsS ]mT§sf kuIcy]qÀhhpw HmÀaIsf kmh[m\¯nepw \½Ä hnkvacn¨p. Ignª 30 hÀjambn ho«nsebpw Npäph«s¯bpw amen\y§Ä kz´w \nebn kwkvIcn¨p ]mNIhmXIw DXv]mZn¸n¨v D]tbmKn¡p¶ BfmWv Cu teJI³. amen\y§Ä \nc¯nte¡p hens¨dnbpt¼mÄ AXmcp hr¯nbm¡psa¶ tNmZyw C´y¡mcsâ a\kn DZn¡mdnÃ. Xsâ ho«nÂ\n¶pw ]d¼nÂ\n¶pw Hgnhmbm amen\y¯nÂ\n¶p Xm³ c£ t\Sn F¶mWv C´y¡mc³ k¦ev]n¡p¶Xv. hgn aäpÅhÀs¡¶t]mse X\n¡pw D]tbmKn¡m\pÅXmsW¶ Nn´ Ahsâ Xebn DZn¡mdnÃ.

C´ybnse amen\ys¸cp¸¯nsâ dnt¸mÀ«v AhXcn¸n¨psImWvSv D]cmjv{S]Xn laoZv A³kmcn “C§s\ ]dªp: C´ybnse \Kc§Ä {]XnZn\w \membncw tImSn enäÀ amen\y§fmWv DXv]mZn¸n¡p¶Xv. CXnsâ 20 iXam\w am{Xta kwkvIcn¡s¸Sp¶pÅq. kwkvIcn¡m¯ 80 iXam\w amen\y§Ä \ZnIsfbpw XSmI§sfbpw Ipf§sfbpw aen\am¡p¶p. {][m\s¸« B Pet{kmXkpIÄ amen\y¯nsâ amcItiJc§fmbn amdpIbmWv. a\pjysâ aehpw amen\y§fpw Noªfnªv Cu¨bmÀ¯p InS¡p¶ Øe¯p\n¶v A[nIw AIsebÃmsX `£yhkvXp¡Ä hnev¡p¶Xpw BfpIÄ Ah cpNntbmsS Blcn¡p¶Xpw C´ybnse Ad¸pfhm¡p¶ ImgvNbmWv. C´ys¡Xntc D¶bn¡p¶ Bt£]§fn hr¯nbnÃmbvabv¡p ]mÝmXyÀ Gsd Øm\w \ÂIp¶pWvSv.

C´y¡mcsâ at\m`mh¯n amäw htcWvS Imew AXn{Ian¨ncn¡p¶p. tIcf¯n amen\ykwkvIcWhpw \nÀamÀP\hpw icnbmb coXnbn \S¡msX t]mhp¶Xn\p ]e ImcW§fpWvSv. H¶mas¯ Imcyw, t{kmXknÂh¨v Ah icnbmb coXnbn XcwXncn¡s¸Sp¶nà F¶XmWv. amen\ykwkvIcW¯n Hmtcm hyàn¡pw kPohamb ]¦psWvS¶ Imcyw P\§Ä¡dnbnà AYhm AhÀ ]cnKWn¡p¶nà F¶XmWv AXnsâ AÀYw. amen\y\nÀamÀP\ ¹mâv FhnsSsb¦nepw Øm]n¡m³ {ian¨m AXns\Xntc kacw XpS§pIbmbn. CsXm¶pw Fsâ ]cnkc¯p thWvS, asähnsSsb¦nepw Bbnt¡m F¶ \ne]mSv FÃmhcpw ssIs¡mÅpt¼mÄ amen\ykwkvIcWw \S¡m¯ ImcyamIp¶p.

amen\ykwkvIcWw \S¡m¯Xpt]mse tiJcWw, F¯n¡Â XpS§nb Imcy§fpw imkv{Xobamb coXnbn \S¡p¶nÃ. C§s\ \nehnepÅ amen\ykwkvIcW ¹mâpIfpsS {]hÀ¯\w AhXmf¯nembncn¡p¶XpsImWvSmWp P\§Ä s]mXpth A¯cw ¹mâpIÄ¡v FXncmIp¶Xv.

PohnX¯n sImSpt¡WvS ap³KW\m{Ia§sf¡pdn¨pÅ [mcW C´y¡mÀ¡p \jvSambncn¡p¶p. AXp e£yt_m[anÃmbvabv¡p ImcWamIp¶p. tIcf¯nse `cWt\XrXz§Ä FSp¡p¶ ]e Xocpam\§fpw CXn\v DZmlcWambn NqWvSn¡mWn¡m\mIpw. ZoÀLZrjvSnbpw \msfsb IcpXnbpÅ Bkq{XWhpw \jvSambncn¡p¶p.

KXmKX¡pcp¡v ^e{]Zambn Hgnhm¡m\pÅ sNdnb tXmXnepÅ ]cnjvImc§sft¸mepw k½ÀZX{´§fneqsS FXnÀ¯p tXmev]n¡m³ cmjv{SobcwK¯p hym]cn¡p¶hÀ¡p aSnbnÃ. F{Xam{Xw klIcn¡m\pw P\§Ä¡p a\kpsWvS¦nepw `cWIqS¯nsâ at\m`mh¯n\p amäw hcm¯nSt¯mfw Imew ChnsS ]cnjvImc§fpw ipNnXz{]hÀ¯\§fpw thWvS coXnbn \S¡m³ {]bmkamWv.

knwK¸qcnepw aäpw A\pZn\ PohnX¯nsâ sNdnb \nanj§fnÂt¸mepw kmaqlnIt_m[w shfns¸Sp¶Xp ImWmw. apt¼ \S¡p¶Xp hr²t\m Ip«ntbm BsW¦n AhcpsS thK¡pdhn\v A\pkcn¨p ]n¶mse hcp¶ bphmhv Xsâ \S¸nsâ thKw Ipdbv¡pw. _kv tÌm¸n kvt{Smfdn Ip«nsb Ccp¯n _kv Im¯p\nev¡p¶ bphXn Ip«nsbbpw FSp¯v _kn Ibdpt¼mÄ ss{UhÀ Cd§nh¶p kvt{SmfÀ aS¡nsbSp¯p _kn hbv¡pw. \½psS \m«ntem? Ip«nIfpambn Cd§p¶ kv{Xo sshInbm Infn No¯ hnfn¡pw. kpc£nXambn Cd§p¶Xn\pap¼pXs¶ U_nÄ s_ÃSn¨p _kv hnSm\pw {ian¡pw. A]ISw kw`hn¨m Infnbpw ss{Uhdpw IWvSIvSdpw HmSn \mSphnSpIbpw sN¿pw.

bqWnsk^nsâ IW¡p{]Imcw C´ybn A©phbkn\p XmsgbpÅ \mep e£w Ip«nIÄ {]XnhÀjw AXnkmcw aqew acn¡p¶pWvSv. 59.4 tImSn P\§Ä Xpd¶ Øe¯p aehnkÀP\w \S¯p¶ C´ybn Ip«nIÄ C§s\ acWaSbp¶Xv AXnibw P\n¸n¡pItbm A¼c¸n¡pItbm sN¿p¶nÃ. {]XnÑmbm Nn´Icmb t\Xm¡Ä¡v CXp Nn´nt¡WvS hnjbambn tXm¶p¶panÃ. km[mcW P\§Äs¡¶t]mse \½psS cmjv{Sob t\XrXz¯n\pw ipNnXzkm£cX ssIh¶n«nsöp Npcp¡w.

(XriqÀ tNw_À Hm^v tImtagvkv UbdIvSdmWp teJI³ )






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