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hne¡bä ZpcnXhpw hnebnSnª NÀ¨bpw

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UÂlnUbdn / tPmÀPv IÅnhbenÂ

hne¡bäw FÃm hÀjhpw ]mÀesaânepw \nbak`Ifnepw shdpsamcp NÀ¨mhnjbamWv. `cn¡p¶ kÀ¡mcns\ {]Xn]£w Ipäs¸Sp¯pw. ap³ kÀ¡mcpIsf Ipäs¸Sp¯nbpw ]mhs¸« P\¯n\v a\knemIm¯ Ipsd IW¡pIÄ \nc¯nbpw kÀ¡mÀ XSnX¸pw. ]mhw P\¯n\v PohnXs¨ehpIfpsS \oä amdpIbpanÃ. t\Xm¡fpsS hmIvt]mcpsImWvSp tImcsâ Ip¼nfn Iªn hcnÃtÃm. ]t£ P\§sf tkhn¡ms\¯nbhÀ¡p ]Xnhp \mSIw Hgnhm¡m\mInÃ.

]Xnhp sXän¡msX C¯hWbpw ]mÀesaâv kt½f\¯n hne¡bäw henb NÀ¨bmbn. tIm¬{Kkv sshkv {]knUâv cmlp KmÔn apX [\a{´n Acp¬ Pbväven hscbpÅ ap¼·mÀ Xs¶ NÀ¨bn AWn\nc¶tXmsS hne Ipdªnsænepw hmIvt]mcv Dinc\mbn. ]Ws¸cp¸ \nc¡v, D]t`màr hne kqNnI, BtKmf ØnXn Fs¶ms¡ km[mcW¡mÀ¡p a\knemIm¯ Ipsd IW¡pIÄ \nc¯nbmWv [\a{´n Pbväven hnaÀi\§sf t\cn«Xv. ]t£, kqNnIIÄ F´p ]dªmepw ]bÀhÀK§Ä¡pw ]¨¡dnIÄ¡pw aÂkyamwkmZnIÄ¡pw tdm¡äv t]mse hneIqSp¶p F¶p P\¯n\p Adnbmw.

ImÀjntImXv]¶§fpsS AS¡w km[mcW¡mcpsS hcpam\w Ipdbp¶Xn\nsSbmWp PohnXs¨ehp kln¡mhp¶Xn\pw A¸pd¯mIp¶Xv. ]mhs¸«hcpsSbpw km[mcW¡mcpsSbpw {]tXyIn¨p IÀjIcpsSbpw IÀjIs¯mgnemfnIfpsSbpw hcpam\w KWyambn Ipdªpsh¶Xn kwibanÃ. Cu kmlNcy¯n `qcn]£w hcp¶ km[mcW P\¯n\p s]mÅp¶ hne sImSp¯v Ahiykm[\§Ä hm§m\mIm¯ \nebmWv. ASp¡fbnte¡p thWvS ssZ\wZn\ hkvXp¡Ä¡p ]pdta acp¶v, bm{XIÄ, a¡fpsS hnZym`ymkw XpS§nb Hgnhm¡m\mIm¯ sNehpIfpw IpXn¨pbcpIbmWv. ImemIme§fn i¼fhÀ[\bpw B\pIqey§fpw hm§p¶ kÀ¡mÀ DtZymKØÀ¡pw h³InS kzImcy I¼\nIfnse Poh\¡mÀ¡pw cmjv{Sob taemf·mÀ¡pw H¶pw C¯cw thZ\IÄ a\knemInÃ.

]cn¸phne tdm¡änÂ

Dgp¶p]cn¸p Intem{Kman\v 200 cq] hscbmWp NnÃd I¨hS¡mÀ hm§p¶Xv. ]mÀesaânse NÀ¨bv¡p tijw C¶se ISbn sN¶t¸mgpw Dgp¶p]cn¸nsâ hnebn Hcp Ipdhpanà F¶mbncp¶ I¨hS¡mcsâ {]XnIcWw. aäp ]bÀ hÀK§Ä¡pw ]cn¸n\psaÃmw NnÃd hnÂ]\ hne C¶sebpw Intembv¡p 180 cq]bmWv. kÀ¡mcnsâ tI{µ§fn k_vknUntbmsS \ÂIp¶ ]bdn\pw ]cn¸n\pw hsc 140 apX 160 hsc cq] hnebpWvSv. ]t£ tI{µkÀ¡mcnsâbpw kwØm\ kÀ¡mcpIfpsSbpw IW¡\pkcn¨p 140 cq]bmWv hne.

kÀ¡mÀ ]dbp¶ hnebv¡p km[mcW¡mc\v AhiyhkvXp¡sfm¶pw In«mdnà F¶Xp cmjv{Sob¡mÀ¡v Adnbm¯XÃ. km[mcW¡mscbpw ]mhs¸«hscbpw Gähpw {Iqcambn _m[n¡p¶ Ahiykm[\§fpsS hne¡bäs¯¡pdn¨pÅ NÀ¨bn t]mepw cmjv{SobamWv ap¶nse¶XmWp ZpxJIcw. ]mÀesaân \S¶ hne¡bä NÀ¨bnepw KuchXcamb ]e Imcy§fpw Fw]namÀ DbÀ¯nsb¦nepw cmjv{Sob A¼pIÄ ]mbn¡p¶Xnembncp¶p {]Xn]£¯n\pw kÀ¡mcn\pw XmXv]cyw. {]iv\]cnlmc¯n\pÅ ASnb´c \S]SnItfm km[mcW¡msc klmbn¡m\pÅ kÀ¡mcnsâ hn]Wn CSs]SepItfm H¶pw DWvSmIp¶nÃ.

{][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZns¡Xntc tIm¬{Kkv D]m[y£³ temIvk`bnse NÀ¨bn \S¯nb Hfnb¼pIÄ ]{Xam[ya§fn Xes¡«mbn. {Kma§fn Ct¸mÄ AÀlÀ, AÀlÀ (]cn¸v) tamZn F¶mWp P\§Ä ]pXnb ap{ZmhmIyw hnfn¡p¶sX¶ cmlpensâ {]tbmK¯n\mWp henb {]m[m\yw In«nbXv. P\§fpsS Nu¡nZmÀ (Imh¡mc³) BIpsa¶p ]dªv A[nImc¯nse¯nb {][m\a{´n tamZn km[mcW¡msc ad¶Xv F§ns\bmsW¶v cmlp tNmZn¨p. Imh¡mcsâ aq¡n\p Xmsg ]bdpw ]cn¸pw tamãn¡s¸Sp¶p. AXpsImWvSmWp {Kma§fn AÀlÀ tamZn, AÀlÀ tamZn F¶ ]pXnb ap{ZmhmIyw tIÄ¡p¶sX¶mbncp¶p cmlpensâ ]cnlmkw.

tamZn kÀ¡mcns\ kyq«v _q«v kÀ¡msc¶pw ]n¶oSp s^bÀ B³Uv ehven kÀ¡msc¶pamWv cmlp ap¼p ]cnlkn¨Xv. ]n¶msebmWv ]cn¸v tamZn F¶ cmlpensâ ]pXnb {]tbmKw. tamZnsb ]cnlkn¡m³ tIm¬{Kkpw cmlpens\ ]cnlkn¡m³ _nsP]nbpw aÕcw XpScpw. ]ckv]cw Ipäw]d¨nepw IqSpItb DÅq. cmjv{Sob¡fnbn Bcp Pbn¨mepw PohnXw \bn¡m\pÅ t]mcm«¯n ]mhw P\¯n\v F¶pw tXmÂhnbmWv ^ew.

D¯canÃmsX kÀ¡mÀ

]bÀ, ]cn¸v, Dgp¶v F¶nh apX Dcpf¡ng§pw X¡mfnbpw hscbpÅ km[mcW¡mcpsS Hgnhm¡m\mh¯ km[\§fpsS hne¡bä¯n P\§Ä s]mdpXnap«pIbmsW¶p cmlp NqWvSn¡m«n. C¡mcy¯n kÀ¡mcn\p t]mepw XÀ¡anÃ. ]bÀhÀK§fpsS hne IqSp¶Xv Bi¦mP\IamsW¶v [\a{´n Pbvävenbpw `£ya{´n cmwhnemkv ]mkzm\pw Hcpt]mse k½Xn¨p. ]t£ ImcW¯n am{Xta XÀ¡apÅq. km[mcW¡mÀ¡p Znhkhpw BhiyapÅ km[\§Ä¡v tamZn `cW¯n Ccp¶qdpw ap¶qdpw hsc iXam\w hne IqSnsb¶p IW¡pIÄ D²cn¨mWp cmlp NqWvSn¡m«nbXv.

]bÀhÀK§fpsS hne F¶p Ipdbpsa¶p hyàam¡Wsa¶ cmlpensâ shÃphnfn GsäSp¡m³ Pbvävent¡m ]mkzmt\m _nsP]nbpsS aäp a{´namÀt¡m IgnªXpanÃ. tamZn kÀ¡mcnsâ cWvSmw hmÀjnIt¯mS\p_Ôn¨p tamZnbpw a{´namcpw cmPysa¼mSpw \S¶v ]{Xkt½f\§Ä \S¯nsb¦nepw hne¡bäs¯¡pdn¨p am{Xw H¶pw anWvSnbnsö Bt£]hpw \ntj[n¡m³ Bhpambncp¶nÃ.

Xphc¸cn¸nsâ kw`cW hnetb¡mfpw 130 cq] IqSpXemWv hn]Wnbnse hne. Hmtcm Intembnepw Cu \qdp cq] BcmWv ASn¨pamäp¶Xs¶ tNmZy¯n\pw adp]SnbpWvSmbnÃ. Dgp¶p¸cn¸n\v 200 iXam\hpw Xphc¸cn¸n\v 120 iXam\hpw hscbmWp hne IqSnbsX¶p NqWvSn¡m«nbXpw kÀ¡mcn\v \ntj[n¡m\mbnÃ. km[mcW¡mcpsS t]mjImlmcamWv ]bÀhÀK§fpw ]cn¸psams¡. ]t£ amkw tXmdpw 20 iXam\w hoXamWv ChbpsS hne Iq«p¶Xv.

h³InS hyhkmbnIfpsSbpw tImÀ]tdäv I¼\nIfpsSbpw 59,500 tImSn cq]bpsS hmbv]bmWv 2015þ16 am{Xw tamZn kÀ¡mÀ FgpXn¯ÅnbsX¶pw cmlp ]dªp. IÀjIsâ Hcp cq]bpsS ISw t]mepw FgpXn¯ÅnbnÃ. bp]nF kÀ¡mcnsâ Ime¯v 60,000 tImSn cq]bpsS ImÀjnI ISamWv FgpXn¯ÅnbsX¶p cmlp ]dªXn\pw kÀ¡mcn\v au\w ]men¡mt\ IgnªqÅq.

sIm«ntLmjn¨ ta¡v C³ C´y ]²Xnb\pkcn¨v C´ybn HcmÄ¡p t]mepw tPmen \ÂInbn«nÃ. ta¡v C³ C´y, ÌmÀ«v A]v C´y Fs¶ms¡ hen b AhImihmZ§Ä tamZn ]dbp¶pWvSv. ]t£, ]mhs¸«hsc bpw km[mcW¡mscbpw _m[n¡p¶ hne¡bäs¯¡pdn¨p am{Xw anWvSm«anÃ. cmPys¯ P\§Ä¡p \ÂInb henb s]mÅbmb hmKvZm\§sf¡pdn¨p tamZnsb HmÀan¸n¡m\pw tIm¬{Kkv sshkv {]knUâv ad¶nÃ. hmKvZm\§Ä H¶pw \ndthäm³ {][m\a{´n¡p Ignªn«nsöpw At±lw ]dªp. h³InS tImÀ]tdäv I¼\nIÄ¡p thWvSn ]mhs¸«hsâ Irjn`qan X«nsbSp¡m\mWp tamZn {ian¨sX¶p Ipäs¸Sp¯pIbpw sNbvXp.

]mSapWvSv, ]Wn¡mfnÃ

CtXkabw, ]Ws¸cp¸w Ipdbv¡m³ F³UnF kÀ¡mcn\v Ignªpsh¶pw \à ImehÀjw In«nbm hne Ipdbpsa¶pw Bbncp¶p [\a{´n PbvävenbpsS hmZw. hne \nb{´n¡m\mbn 20 e£w S¬ ]bÀ hÀK§Ä IqSpX kw`cn¡m\mbn `£ya{´mebw \S]Sn XpS§nsb¶pw a{´n hniZoIcn¨p. ]bÀhÀK§fpsS DXv]mZ\w 173 e£w S¬ BWv. D]t`mKw 233 e£w S®pamsW¶pamWp Pbväven hniZoIcn¨Xv. F¶mÂ, 60 e£w S®nsâ IpdhpsWvS¶ a\knem¡n ap³Iq«n Cd¡paXn AS¡apÅ _Z \S]Sn kzoIcn¡m\pw kÀ¡mcn\p Ignbm¯sXt´ F¶ tNmZyw _m¡nbmIpw.

s]mXphnXcW irwJe iàns¸Sp¯nbpw ImÀjnI k¼ZvhyhØsb ]cnt]mjn¸n¨pw am{Xta cmPy¯n\p apt¶m«p t]mIm\mIq F¶p NÀ¨ XpS§nb ]n. IcpWmIcsâ A`n{]mbw hfsc icnbmWv. C´ybn Adp]Xp iXam\¯ntesd t]cpsS PohnXhr¯n IrjnbmWv. ]t£ IÀjIÀ¡p am{Xw c£bnÃ. IÀjIsc thm«p_m¦mbn cmjv{Sob¡mÀ ImWp¶panÃ. kÀ¡mÀ Poh\¡msct¸mse IÀjIÀ kwLSnX iànbà F¶Xpw ImcWamWv. Im¡s¯mÅmbncw IÀjI kwLS\IfmIpw cmPy¯pÅXv. tIcf¯n am{Xw cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nIfpsSbpw AÃm¯hcpsSbpamb F{X kwLS\IÄ IÀjIcpsS t]cn DsWvS¶v BÀ¡pw IrXyambn ]dbm\mInÃ.

ImÀjntImXv]mZ\w KWyambn Iq«m\pÅ imkv{Xob coXnIÄ IÀjIcnse¯n¡m\pw ^e{]Zambn \S¸m¡m\pw kÀ¡mcpIÄ Imcyamb {ia§Ä \S¯p¶nÃ. \nch[n ImÀjnI ]²XnIÄ {]Jym]n¡p¶psWvS¦nepw IÀjI\p {]mtbmKnIambn Chbn ]eXnsâbpw KpWw In«mdnÃ. ]mÝmXy cmPy§fnepw C{ktb t]mepÅ cmPy§fnepw imkv{Xob IrjncoXnIÄ \S¸nepWvSv. Irjn F§s\ em`Icambn \S¡p¶p F¶Xv AhÀ sXfnbn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. ]t£ hc«p X¯zhmZ§fpambn B[p\nI IrjncoXnIsfbpw b{´hXvIcWs¯bpw FXnÀ¯hÀ¡v C¶p sXmgnen\v Bfnà F¶mWp ]cmXn.

t^kv_p¡n HXp§m\pÅXà kulrZ_Ô§Ä

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tUm. Kn¶kv amSkzman

cmPy§Ä X½n _豈 ZrVam¡m\pw temIkam[m\w krjvSn¡m\pw, hmWnPyþ hyhkmb IcmdpIfpw aäv Bibhn\nab§fpw hÀ[n¸n¡m\pw, kulrZ ta·bpsS BhiyIX cmPy§Ä¡v a\knem¡ns¡mSp¡m\pw 2011 apX sFIycmjv{Sk` temI kulrZZn\w BNcn¨phcp¶p. ]e cmPy§fpw HmKÌv BZyhmcamWv Cu Zn\w BNcn¡p¶sX¦nepw sFIycmjv{Sk` Pqsse 30 \v Cu Zn\w BNcn¡m³ Blzm\w sN¿p¶p. IpSpw_§Ä apX cmPy§Ä hsc Bibhn\nab¯neqsSbpw iàamb am\knI _Ô§fneqsSbpw kulrZw hfÀ¯nsbSp¯v kvt\l¯nsâ ^ew sIm¿m³ temI kulrZ Zn\w klmbn¡p¶p.

kulrZ_Ô§fmWp cmPy§sf _Ôn¸n¡p¶sX¶pw kulrZw a\pjyÀ X½n ASp¸w hÀ[n¸n¡m³ klmbn¡p¶XmsW¶pw Atacn¡bpsS 28þmas¯ {]knUâmbncp¶ hqUvtdm hnÂk¬ Hcn¡Â A`n{]mbs¸SpIbpWvSmbn. kulrZw F¶Xv hm¡pIÄsImWvSv AÀY]qÀWam¡m³ km[n¡p¶XÃ. kvIqfn sN¶p ]Tn¡m³ km[n¡p¶XpaÃ.

kulrZ¯nsâ hfbw C¶p \ham[ya§fn AYhm tkmjy aoUnbbn am{Xambn HXp§n\n¡p¶p. 1960Ifn a\pjyÀ Hmtcm Znhkhpw Ign¨pIq«nbXv \à hmb\bneqsSbpw icoc¯n\pw a\kn\pw KpWw sN¿p¶ \à {]hr¯nIfneqsSbpw kulrZ Iq«mbvabneqsSbpsams¡bmbncp¶p. ]t£ C¶s¯ bphXeapd t^kv_p¡nsâ ZpÀhn\ntbmK¯neqsS bphXzs¯ ASnas¸Sp¯n lrZb§sf sFknbphnem¡nbncn¡p¶p. t^kv_p¡nsâbpw CâÀs\änsâbpw D]tbmKw temIsa¼mSpw hÀ[n¨phcpIbmWv. Atacn¡ Ignªm C´ybnemWv Gähpw IqSpX BfpIÄ tkmjy aoUnb D]tbmKn¡p¶Xv. ]Xns\«p apX 24 hsc hbkv {]mbapÅhcn 50 iXam\hpw cmPy¯p t^kv _p¡nsâ ASnaIfmsW¶p Nne IW¡pIÄ ]dbp¶p. t^kv_p¡pIfn D]tbmKn¡p¶ s{]mss^epIÄ ]eXpw hymPamWv. CXnsâ ^eambn bphXobphm¡Ä ]ecpw I_fn¸n¡s¸SpIbpw ssk_À IpäIrXy§Ä hÀ[n¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p. 2015 hsc C´ybn aq¶p e£w ssk_À tIkpIfmWv cPnÌÀ sN¿s¸«Xv. 2014 s\¡mfpw Cc«n tIkpIfmWv 2015 DWvSmbXv. 2013  \S¯nb ]T\¯n ssk_À IpäIrXy§fn almcmjv{S H¶mw Øm\¯pw tIcfw A©mw Øm\¯pamWv.

ChsbÃmw kqNn¸n¡p¶Xv bphXobphm¡fn \n¶p \à coXnbnepÅ kulrZ _豈 \jvSs¸Sp¶p F¶mWv. Imcy§Ä Cu coXnbn t]mbm cmPy¯p a\ximkv{XÚcpsS NnInÕ Gähpw IqSpX Bhiyambn hcpw.

\à ioe§fmWv Hmtcmcp¯scbpw cq]s¸Sp¯p¶Xv. \à ioe§Ä \à {]hÀ¯\§fnte¡p a\kns\ cq]m´cs¸Sp¯pw. CXneqsS am\knI kwLÀjw HgnhmIpIbpw sN¿mw. A\pIqeamb Imcy§Ä sN¿m³ \nÀ_Ô]qÀhw t{]cn¸n¡p¶ Hcp kplr¯ns\ IWvSp]nSn¡p¶Xv t^kv_p¡neqsS A¿mbncw kplr¯p¡sf IWvSp]nSn¡p¶Xn\p kaamWv. \à kplrZv_Ô§sf \nt£]ambn kzoIcn¡m³ \mw XbmdmIWw.

If¦anÃm¯ kvt\lw kXyamb kvt\lw am{XamWv. \oXnt_m[¯nsâbpw kvt\l¯nsâbpw Pzme sISmsX a\kn\p iàn BÀPn¡Ww. \½psS PohnX¯nte¡p IS¶phcp¶hsc Xncn¨bbvt¡WvSXv IqSpX kt´mjapÅhcmbpw \Ãhcmbpw amänbmbncn¡Ww F¶p ImcpWy¯ntâbpw kvt\l¯nsâbpw kmKcambncp¶ aZÀ sXtck ]dªXv \ap¡v Cu Zn\¯n HmÀ¡matÃm.

Hcp Iem]¯nsâ t]cmWv almtizXmtZhn

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s]cp¼Shw {io[c³

Xsâ IYIfn C´y³ kaql¯n ]mÀizhXvIcn¡s¸«hcpsSbpw ASn¨aÀ¯s¸«hcpsSbpw ssZ\yw \ndª PohnXw BhnjvIcn¨ almtizXm tZhn C´ybnse Gähpw henb Fgp¯pImcn Hcmfmbncp¶p. hntZi§fn Gähpw IqSpX Adnbs¸Sp¶ C´y³ Fgp¯pImcn F¶ _lpaXnbpw AhÀ¡pWvSmbncp¶p.

P\n¨Xp _wKmfnse lnµp {_mÒW IpSpw_¯nembncps¶¦nepw PmXn¡pw aX¯n\pw AXoXamb Hcp kmaqlnI ho£Ww sImWvSv AhÀ cmPy¯n\I¯pw ]pd¯papÅ a\pjykvt\lnIfpsS kvt\l`mP\ambn XoÀ¶p. ]Ýna _wKmfnse tKm{Xkaql§fpsS kmaqlnIamb A´kn\pthWvSn AhÀ kz´w hyàn PohnXhpw kÀKmßI PohnXhpw Dgnªph¨p. ZfnXcpsS kmaqlntIm¶a\¯n\p thWvSn _wKmfnepw ]pd¯pw \S¶ Bib kac§Ä¡pw cmjv{Sob Iem]§Ä¡pw almtizXm tZhnbpsS ]n´pWbpWvSmbncp¶p.

Ignª Ac iXmСme¯ntesdbmbn At\Iw kmlnXyþ kmwkvImcnIþ kmaqlnI {]Øm\§fpambn _Ôs¸«mbncp¶p almtizXmtZhnbpsS PohnXw. Nne L«§fn ]ptcmKa\¯nsâ s]mbvapJw [cn¨ cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nIÄ Ahsc hnaÀin¡pIbpw kmwkvImcnI cwK§fn \n¶v Häs¸Sp¯m³ {ian¡pIbpw sNbvsX¦nepw AhÀ AXv AhKWn¨p. icoc¯n IÀatijnbpsS NqSmdp¶Xphsc kmaqlnI {]hÀ¯\§fpsS ap³]´nbn \n¶ncp¶ almtizXm tZhnbpsS PohnXw Xs¶ hn«phogvNbnÃm¯ Hcp Iem]ambncp¶p.

Ihn _tµymJXn K\zo, Poh³ H, arXyp, AÔm³ amenIv, lÀ NpcmknÀ am, BctWyÀ A[nImÀ, AánKÀ`, tOm«napWvS Ft_mMv, `mcXob sFtXÀ ]tc sFXv, km KncmÀ tZtJ XpS§nb t\mhepIÄ Gsd {it²bambncp¶p.

almtizXm tZhnbpsS t\mhepIfn \Ivksseäv {]Øm\¯nsâ hfÀ¨bv¡v Bib]camb ]n´pWbpWvSmbncp¶p. lkmÀ NpcmknÀ am F¶ IY \Ivksseäv kn²m´§fn hnizkn¨p {]hÀ¯n¨ aIsâ acWw Hc½bn DWvSmIp¶ AKm[amb ZpxJhpw thZ\bpw \nklmbXbpw {]Xn]mZn¡p¶Xmbncp¶p. B IYbmbncp¶p tKmhnµv \nlem\nbpsS lkmÀ NpcmknÀ am F¶ {]ikvX Ne¨n{X¯n\v B[mcw.

cpZmen, kwLÀjv XpS§nb AXn{]ikvXamb kn\naIÄ Gsd {]ikvXnbpw AwKoImchpw t\Sn. BZnhmkn tKm{X kaql§fpsS Zb\obamb PohnXw Nn{XoIcn¨ almtizXm tZhnbpsS Nne IYIÄ ZfnXvþ tKm{X kaql§sf a\pjycmbn IW¡m¡m³ Iq«m¡m¯ C´y³ kwkvImc¯nsâ s]m§¨§Ä¡p t\sc DbÀ¶ \ninXamb hnaÀi\§fmbncp¶p. Úm\]oTw DÄs¸sS At\Iw ]pckvImc§Ä t\Snb almtizXm tZhn C´y³ BJym\IebpsS kam\XIfnÃm¯ Hc]qÀhXbmbncp¶p.

Rm³ tIcf kmlnXy A¡mZanbpsS A[y£\mbncp¶ Ime¯v Be¸pgbn XIgnbpsS P·iXmÐn BtLmjn¨t¸mÄ almtizXm tZhn AXnYnbmbn Be¸pgbn h¶p. X\n¡p Ip«\mS³ PohnXw ImWWsa¶mbncp¶p almtizXm tZhnbpsS B{Klw. Ip«\m«nsâ PohnXw Xs¶bmWv XIgnbpsS kmlnXyIesb¶p t\cn«v a\knem¡m\mbncp¶p B bm{X. XIgn Pohn¨ncp¶t¸mÄ ChnsS h¶p ImWms\m¯nÃtÃm F¶v AhÀ \ncmis¸SpIbpw sNbvXp.

tIcfw ImWm³ hoWvSpw hcpsa¶p ]dªmWv almtizXmtZhn A¶p aS§nt¸mbXv. B Znhk§fn B henb Fgp¯pImcntbmsSm¸w k©cn¡m³ IgnªXv Hcp `mKyambn Rm³ IcpXp¶p.

kacambn amdnb Fgp¯v

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kµo]v keow

Ncn{Xw krãn¡p¶Xv F¶pw FÃm¡me¯pw km[mcW¡mcmWv. XeapdIfneqsS hmsamgnbmbpw hcsamgnbmbpw AhÀ ssIamdnhcp¶ IYIÄ, sFXnly§Ä, an¯pIÄ ChbmWp ]n¶oSv Ncn{Xambn amdp¶Xv. þ almtizXmtZhn

almtizXmtZhn HmÀabmIpt¼mÄ \ãamIp¶Xv km[mcW¡mcpsSbpw sXmgnemfnIfpsSbpw hnbÀ¸nsâ KÔhpw A[zm\¯nsâ alXzhpw IYIfneqsS A\p`hthZyam¡nb amlm {]Xn`mimensbbmWv. almtizXmtZhnbpsS IYIfn {]Xn`bpsSbpw `mh\bpsSbpw kv]Àis¯¡mÄ hmb\¡mc\v A\p`hthZyamIpI A[zm\n¡p¶hcpsSbpw NqjWw sN¿s¸Sp¶hcpsSbpw s\SphoÀ¸pIfmWv.

temI¯nsâ FÃmbnS¯pw sXmgnemfnIfpw km[mcW¡mcpw ZfnXcpw BZnhmknIfpw t\cnSp¶ {]iv\§Ä H¶mWv. CXmWp almtizXmtZhnbpsS ]pkvXI§sf BtKmf Xe¯nepw {]ikvXam¡nbXv. cho{µ\mYv SmtKmdn\p tijw Fgp¯psImWvSv temIw IogS¡nb _wKmfn Fgp¯pImcnbmWhÀ. P\\w _w¥mtZinse [m¡bnembncps¶¦nepw hn`P\t¯msS AhÀ _wKmfnsâ ]p{Xnbmbn. tZhnbpsS ]T\w SmtKmÀ Øm]n¨ im´n\ntIX\nembncp¶p. AhnsS\n¶v Cw¥ojv kmlnXy¯n _ncpZw t\Sn. ]n¶oSv, tizXmtZhn t]mbXv tIm¡¯ kÀhIemimebnte¡v. AhnsS\n¶p _ncpZm\´c _ncpZhpsaSp¯p.

{]Xn`IfpsS kwKawsImWvSv A\pKrloXamb IpSpw_¯nemWp tZhnbpsS P\\w. Ihnbpw t\mhenÌpamb a\ojv L«¡nsâ aIfmbmWv almtizXmtZhn P\n¨Xv. AÑsâ ktlmZc³ EXnIv L«¡v hnJymX Ne¨n{XImc³. A½ [cn{XotZhn kmaqlnI{]hÀ¯I. kmaqlnIt_m[apÅ Fgp¯pImcnbpw BÎnhnÌpambn tizXmtZhn amdnbXnsâ ImcWw thsd At\zjnt¡WvSXnÃtÃm.

tizXmtZhntbmSv Fgp¯pImcnbmbXnsâ ImcWw Bcpw Xnc¡mdnÃ. ]mhs¸«hcpw IÀjIcpw sXmgnemfnIfpamWp tZhnbpsS IYIfpsS {]tNmZ\sa¶p kphyàamWv. I®pXpd¶p Npänepw t\m¡pI. [mcmfw BfpIsf ImWmw. AhÀ F§s\ Pohn¡p¶psh¶v At\zjn¡pI. At¸mÄ \n§Ä¡v FgpXm\pÅ {]tNmZ\w e`n¡pw. Hcn¡Â Fgp¯ns\ {]tNmZn¸n¡p¶ LSI§sf Ipdn¨pÅ tNmZy¯n\v tizXmtZhn \ÂInb adp]SnbmWnXv. tizXm tZhnbpsS Fgp¯nsâ häm¯ t{kmXkpw {]tNmZ\hpw km[mcW¡mcpw AhcpsS PohnXm\p`h§fpamWv. sXmgnemfnIfpsS hnbÀ¸nsâ KÔw t]mepw hmb\¡mc\v tizXmtZhnbpsS IYIfn \n¶p e`n¡p¶p F¶v A\phmNI temIw AhcpsS IrXnIsf hnebncp¯nbXnsâ ImcWhpw asäm¶Ã.

kmaqlnI\oXns¡Xntc sI«n DbÀ¯s¸Sp¶Xv F´pXs¶ Bbmepw AXp hnaÀin¡s¸tSWvSXmsW¶ ]£¯mbncp¶p tizXmtZhn F¡mehpw \nesImWvSXv; AXp `cWIqS `oIcXbmbmepw tImSXn hn[nIfmbmepw. AXp knwKqcnepw \µn{Kmanepw IWvSXmWv. B Nn´bmWv F{Xsbms¡ ASn¨aÀ¯nbmepw Nhn«nhogv¯nbmepw Icpt¯msS Fgpt¶äphcp¶hcpsS Icp¯v AhcpsS A£c§Ä¡p \ÂInbXv.

km[mcW¡mcpsS thZ\Ifpw t]mcm«§fpw IYIfm¡pt¼mÄ AhcpsS `mjbpw ]n³]äWsa¶ \nÀ_Ôw tizXmtZhn¡pWvSmbncp¶p. Imev]\nIamb `mjbn ]dªm Xsâ IYIfpsS k¯ tNmÀ¶p t]mIptamsb¶ `bw Ahsc Ae«nbncp¶p. km[mcW¡mcpsS `mj D]tbmKn¨t¸mgpw hyXykvX taJeIfn \ne\n¶ncp¶ {]mtZinI `mjm {]tbmK§sf \nÀtem`w AhÀ D]tbmKn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. AXn\mbn _wKmfnsâ ap¡nepw aqebnepw AhÀ k©cn¨p, {]tXyIn¨p ssk¡nÄ dn£bnÂ. A¯cw bm{Xbn ssk¡nÄ dn£¡mcpambn ZoÀLt\cw kwkmcn¡m\pw AhÀ kabw IsWvS¯n. AhcneqsS In«nb hnhc§Ä Xsâ IYIfn D]tbmKn¡p¶Xn {]tXyIamb Ignhv tizXmtZhn¡pWvSmbncp¶p.

1978  ]pd¯nd§nb BctWyÀ A[nImÀ F¶ t\mheneqsS ZfnXcpw BZnhmknIfpw t\cnSp¶ NqjW§fpw Xnàm\p`h§fpw almtizXmtZhn ]pdwtemI¯nsâ {i²bn sImWvSph¶p. AXnse _nÀk apWvS F¶ IYm]m{X¯nsâ krãn AhcpsS {]Xn`sb temI¯n\p Im«ns¡mSp¯p. 1979 tI{µ kmlnXy A¡mZan ]pckvImc¯n\pÅ sXcsªSp¸n FÃm Pqdn AwK§fpw H¶maXp sXcsªSp¯Xpw BctWyÀ A[nImÀ Bbncp¶p. BctWyÀ A[nImdn tizXmtZhn D]tbmKn¨ `mjsb¡pdn¨v \nch[n ]T\§Ä t]mepw \S¡pIbpWvSmbn. A{Xam{Xw aqÀ¨ AXnse `mjbv¡pWvSmbncp¶p.

lkmÀ Nucmkn In am, cpZmen XpS§n Xsâ an¡ t\mhepIfnepw PohnXm\p`h§sf kXykÔambn Nn{XoIcn¡m³ tizXmtZhn {ian¨ncp¶p. cpZmen kn\nabmbt¸mÄ AXnse tI{µ IYm]m{Xs¯ shÅn¯ncbn AhXcn¸n¨Xv {]apJ \Snbmbncp¶ Unw]nÄ I]mUnbbmWv. t\mhepIÄ¡p ]pdsa tizXmtZhnbpsS A©p IYIfpw kn\nabmbn«pWvSv. kwLÀjv, KwtKmÀ F¶nh kn\na F¶ \nebnepw hfsctbsd t{]jI {]oXn t\Snb Nn{X§fmWv.

kmaqlnI{]hÀ¯Isb¶ \nebnepw hyànap{Z ]Xn¸n¡m³ almtizX tZhn¡mbn. 1964  A[ym]nIbmbn HutZymKnI PohnXw Bcw`ns¨¦nepw Hcp A[ym]nItbm IpSpw_n\ntbm am{Xambn HXp§n¡qSm³ [cn{Xo tZhnbpsS aIÄ¡p Ignbpambncp¶nÃ. hyàamb cmjv{Sob ImgvN¸mtSmsSbmWp tizXmtZhn kmaqlnI{]hÀ¯\¯n\v Cd§n¯ncn¨Xv. ]mhs¸«hcpsSbpw ZfnXcpsSbpw A[xØnXcpsSbpw IqsS \n¡pIbmWp Xsâ ZuXysa¶pw AXmWv Xsâ cmjv{Sobsa¶pw tizXmtZhn AÀYi¦bv¡nSbnÃm¯ hn[w hyàam¡n.

A[ym]\t¯msSm¸w ss{S_ bqWnän t^mdw F¶ kwLS\ cq]oIcn¨psImWvSmWv AhÀ kmaqly{]hÀ¯\¯n\v Cd§n¯ncn¨Xv. ]n¶oSv, ]Ýnw _wK tJcnb k_À Ieym¬ kanXnbpsS Øm]Ibmbpw amdn. hnIk\¯nsâ t]cn IpSnepIfn \n¶pw IrjnbnS§fn \n¶pw sXcphnte¡v hens¨dnbs¸«hcpsS {]iv\§sf kaql¯nsâbpw A[nImcnIfpsSbpw ap¶nse¯n¡pIsb¶ e£yt¯msS t_mÀSnI F¶ amknIbpw tizXmtZhnbpsS t\XrXz¯n Bcw`n¡pIbpWvSmbn.

2006  \S¶ A´mcmjv{S kmlnXy kt½f\¯nepw ]pkvXItafbnepw C´ysb {]Xn\n[oIcn¨v ]s¦Sp¯ almtizXm tZhnbmbncp¶p kt½f\w DZvLmS\w sNbvXXv. A¶v AhÀ \S¯nb {]kwK¯n cmPvI]qdnsâ kn\nabnse Km\¯nse hcnIÄ ISsaSp¯v C´ysb¡pdn¨v \S¯nb ]cmaÀiw tI«v tIÄhn¡mÀ IcbpIbpWvSmbn. “""Rm³ [cn¨ncn¡p¶ sNcp¸v P¸m\n \n¶pÅXmWv. ]mâvkv {_n«tâXpw sXm¸n djy¡mctâXpamWv. ]t£, Fsâ lrZbw, AXv C´ybptSXmWv. AsX¶pw C´y¡pthWvSn XpSn¨psImWvSncn¡pw, \nebv¡p¶Xphsc.'' F¶mbncp¶p tizXtZhnbpsS hm¡pIÄ.

sXm®qdmw hbkn almtizXmtZhnbpsS lrZbw \nebv¡pt¼mÄ ]mÀizhXvIcn¡s¸«hÀ¡pw sXmgnemfnIÄ¡pw \ãamIp¶Xv kz´w A½tbbpw ktlmZcntbbpamWv. A\izcamb HmÀaIsf Ahtijn¸n¨p sImWvSmWv tizXmtZhn IS¶pt]mIp¶Xv. {]IrXn \in¸n¡s¸Spt¼mÄ, ZpÀ_eÀ NqjWw sN¿s¸Spt¼mÄ, ZfnXcpsSbpw BZnhmknIfpsSbpw \nehnfn Dbcpt¼mÄ, \½Ä almtizXm tZhnsb HmÀ¯psImWvSncn¡pw, XoÀ¨.

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