Home  |  Editorial  |  Leader Page Article  |  Local News  |  Kerala  |  National  |  International  |  Business  |  Sports  |  Obituary  |  NRI News  |  Big Screen  |  Health

 
 

d_À \bhpw IÀjIc£bpw

  Share on Facebook
AUz. kptcjv tImin

d_À tZiob\bw cq]oIcn¡p¶Xn\mbn tI{µ Kh¬saâv cq]oIcn¨ 24 AwK I½nän HmKÌv H¶n\v BZy tbmKw IqSn. 2014 Unkw_dn\Iw dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡m³ tbmKw Xocpam\n¨p. d_À t_mÀUv sNbÀam³ I¬ho\dmbn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ Cu kanXn FÃm hn`mKw BfpIfn \n¶pw A`n{]mb§Ä kzoIcn¡pw.

IqSnbmtemN\bv¡pÅ hnjb§Ä ChbmWv.

1. C´y³ d_À hyhkmb¯n kzm`mhnI d_À, kn´änIv d_À, dns¢avUv d_À, d_À DXv]¶§Ä F¶nhbpsS \nehnepÅ ØnXnbpw hfÀ¨bpw.

2. ASp¯ 10 hÀjt¯¡p cmPy¯n\v BhiyapÅ FÃmhn[ d_À, d_À DXv]¶§Ä F¶nhbpsS e`yXbpw D]t`mKhpw Ibän Abbv¡mhp¶Xnsâ IW¡pIfpw AhtemI\w sN¿pI.

3. kzm`mhnI d_À, kn´änIv d_À, dns¢avUv d_À, SbÀ, SbdnXc DXv]¶§Ä F¶nhbpsS DXv]mZ\¯n {]tXyI Ahkc§fpsS km[yXIfpw DWvSmIp¶ shÃphnfnIfpw IWvSp]nSn¡pI.

4. henb tXmXnepÅ Cd¡paXnIÄ aqew IÀjIÀ¡pWvSmb IjvS\jvS§fpw B`y´c hnebnepWvSmb hnebnSnhnsâ {]XymLmX§fpw hnebncp¯pI.

5. kzm`mhnI d_dnsâ kw`cWw, hnev]\ Cd¡paXn F¶nhbnepÅ A]mIXIÄ aqew IÀjIÀ¡v DXv]mZ\¯nepw hne\nehmc¯nepapÅ \jvS§sf hnebncp¯pI.

6. d_ÀIrjn hym]\¯n\mbpw DXv]mZ\ hÀ[\bv¡mbpw \nehnepÅ ]²XnIfpw \b§fpw IqSpXÂ Øe§fnte¡pw hS¡pIng¡³ kwØm\§fnte¡pw hym]n¸n¡m\pÅ km[yXIÄ ]cntim[n¡pI.

7. d_À IrjnbpsS hnIk\¯n\v Bhiyamb \b§Ä tI{µþ kwØm\ Xe§fn cq]oIcn¡m\pÅ \nÀtZi§Ä.

8. d_À DXv]mZ\¯n\pw hyhkmb¯n\pw tbmKyamb B\pIqey§Ä, \nIpXnIÄ, hntZihym]mc ssek³kpIÄ, \nb{´W§Ä F¶nhbv¡pÅ \b§Ä.

9. d_À IÀjIÀ¡pw d_À taJebn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ sXmgnemfnIÄ¡pambn \nehnepÅ t£a]²XnIÄ AhtemI\w sN¿pIbpw ]pXnbXp \nÀtZin¡pIbpw sN¿pI.

hnebnSnhn\pÅ ImcW§Ä



BtKmf Xe¯n d_À DXv]mZ\w hÀ[n¨p. 2013 1,20,41,000 S¬ d_À DXv]mZn¸n¨p. 2012t\¡mÄ 4,38,000 S¬ IqSpXemWnXv. BtKmfXe¯n D]t`mKw 2013 1,13,97,000 S¬ am{XamWv. ssN\ AhÀ¡v BhiyapÅ d_dnsâ 30%, ssN\m I¼\nIÄ apJm´cw B{^n¡bn \n¶pw It_mUnb, hnbäv\mw F¶o cmPy§fn \n¶pw kw`cn¨p. Xmbve³Uv, Ct´mt\jy XpS§nb cmPy§Ä AXpaqew d_À hne Ipd¨p hnäp. Xmbve³Unse IÀjIsc c£n¡m\mbn cWvSp e£w S®nsâ tÌm¡v AhnSs¯ kÀ¡mÀ DWvSm¡n. AXpw hnägn¡m\pÅ amÀK§Ä tXSp¶p. CXpaqew A´ÀtZiob hne Ip¯s\ CSnbp¶p.

Cu X¡w t\m¡n C´y³ SbÀ I¼\nIÄ 2013 3,60,287 S¬ d_À Cd¡paXn sNbvXp. Gähpw IqSpX Cd¡paXn \S¯nbXv Ct´mt\jybnÂ\n¶mWvþ 1,56,090 S¬. Xmbve³UnÂ\n¶v 89,852 S¬, hnbäv\manÂ\n¶v 82,494 S¬. CXn 80,269 S¬ BÀFkvFkv t{KUpw 1,97,705 S¬ _vtfm¡v d_dpw 1,465 S¬ emäIvkpamWv.

2013  sk]väw_À hsc agbpWvSmbncp¶n«pw C´ybn 8,44,000 S¬ d_À DXv]mZ\hpw 2,53,000 S¬ d_À tÌm¡pw DWvSmbn.

3,25,190 S¬ Cd¡paXn \S¯n C´ybn 14,22,190 S¬ d_À Iq¼mcw krjvSn¨t¸mÄ D]tbmKw 9,81,520 S¬ am{XamWv DWvSmbXv.

2013 Hcp Intem d_dn\p _mt¦m¡v hne 163.22 cq] Bbncp¶t¸mÄ tIm«bw hne 168.50 cq] Bbncp¶p. C¶p d_À hne 115 cq]bnte¡p XmWncn¡p¶p. ag¡mew amdn Sm¸nwKv XpS§nbn«pw I¼\nIÄ joäv d_À hm§m³ XmXv]cyw ImWn¡msX amdn\n¡p¶p. C´y¡v BhiyapÅ d_À \mw DXv]mZn¸n¡p¶pWvSv. F¶mÂ, IgnªhÀjw 70,000 S®nsâ Ipdhn\p 3,25,190 S¬ Cd¡paXn sNbvXXmWp d_À hnebnSnhn\pÅ {][m\ ImcWw. hnebnSnhp aqew 5000 tImSn cq]bpsS \jvSw d_À IÀjIÀ¡v DWvSmbXmbmWp IW¡m¡p¶Xv.

C´y³ d_À BÀFkvFkv t{KUn {_mWvSv sNbvXp hnev¡p¶Xn\p Xocpam\n¡pIbpw IÀjI³ AXpWvSm¡pIbpw AXp \ÃXmsW¶p SbÀ I¼\nIÄ AwKoIcn¡pIbpw sNbvX Øm\¯p KpWta· Ipdª t»m¡v d_dmWp I¼\nIÄ Ct¸mÄ Cd¡paXn sNbvXp joänsâ hnebnSn¡p¶Xv. t»m¡v d_À A´ÀtZiob amÀ¡än 90 cq]¡p e`n¡pw. t»m¡v d_À hm§nbpw joäv d_À hm§msXbpw hnebnSn¨p d_À hne XIÀ¡p¶ X{´amWp SbÀ I¼\nIÄ \S¯ns¡mWvSncn¡p¶Xv.

Cu IÅ¡fn Ahkm\n¸n¡m\mbn t»m¡v d_dnsâ Cd¡paXn¨p¦w 30% Bbn DbÀ¯Ww. a\x]qÀhw C´y³ {_mWvSns\bpw IÀjIs\bpw XIÀ¡p¶ Cu X{´s¯ tI{µ Kh¬saâv t\cnSWw.

AUzm³kv ssek³kv {]Imcw d_À Cd¡paXn sN¿p¶Xn\v A\phmZapWvSv. C{]Imcw Cd¡paXn sN¿p¶ d_À cWvSp hÀjw hsc kq£n¡mhp¶Xpw Bhiysa¦n Bdp amkwIqSn AXp \o«mhp¶XpamWv. d_dnsâ KpWta· Bdp amkw Ignªm \jvSs¸Spsa¶p d_À t_mÀUnsâ ]co£W§fn sXfnªn«pÅXmWv. C§s\ d_À Cd¡paXn sN¿p¶hÀ AXp adn¨phn¡pIbpw cWvSc hÀjambn«pw IW¡pIÄ \ÂImsXbpancp¶p d_Àhne Ipdbv¡p¶ X{´w ]bäpIbmWv.

AUzm³kv ssek³kv {]Imcw Cd¡paXn sN¿p¶ d_dn\v Bdp amkw Ignªm KpWta· \jvSs¸Spw F¶Xn\m A{]Imcw Cd¡paXn sNbvX d_À, d_À t_mÀUv ]cntim[n¨p KpWta· Dd¸m¡nbnt« D]tbmKn¡mhq F¶ \n_Ô\ GÀs¸Sp¯Ww. AUzm³kv ssek³knsâ Imemh[n d_dn\v Bdp amkambn \nPs¸Sp¯Ww. Imemh[n Ignª d_À kq£n¨m s]\mÂän Ct¸mfpÅ cWvSp iXam\¯nÂ\n¶v 20 iXam\ambn DS³ hÀ[n¸n¡Ww.

d_À tÌm¡v hbv¡msXbpÅ Dul¡¨hSw F¶ \nebnepÅ ^yq¨À t{SUnwKv C´ybnse sNdpInS I¨hS¡mscbpw IÀjIs\bpw \in¸n¡p¶ \S]SnbmWv. d_Àhne sa¨amIp¶Xphsc Dul¡¨hSw \nÀ¯nhbv¡Ww. CXp ]Tn¡m\mbn Hcp I½nänsb Bdp amk¯n\p ap¼v \nÝbns¨¦nepw CXphsc dnt¸mÀ«v h¶n«nÃ.

d_À Cd¡paXnbpw IbäpaXnbpw \nco£n¡m³ Hcp I½nän DWvSmtIWvSnbncn¡p¶p. B I½nänbn KpWta· ]cntim[n¡m³ d_À t_mÀUv {]Xn\n[nbpw IÀjIcpsS {]Xn\n[nbpw DWvSmIWw. C´ybn I¼\nIÄ¡v BhiyapÅ d_À am{Xta Cd¡paXn sN¿m³ A\phmZw \ÂImhq. I¼\nIÄ¡v BhiyapÅ d_À IÀjIcn \n¶p kw`cn¨p Øncambn \ÂIm\pÅ kwhn[m\w DWvSmIWw. C´ybn aq¶c e£w S¬ d_À sI«n¡nS¡pt¼mÄ d_À Cd¡paXn ASnb´cambn \nÀ¯nhbv¡Ww.

d_À Cd¡paXn bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw HmKÌv apXÂ Unkw_À hsc \S¯m³ A\phZn¡cpXv. Cd¡paXn sN¿p¶ d_À F{Xam{Xw IbäpaXn sN¿p¶p F¶Xp ]cntim[n¡Ww. ]cntim[\bv¡mbn d_À Cd¡paXn GXm\pw XpdapJ§fneqsS aXn F¶v 2003Â Xocpam\n¨Xpt]mse Ct¸mgpw Xocpam\n¡Ww.

d_À \bapWvSmIpt¼mÄ AXp IÀjIs\bpw hyhkmbnsbbpw Hcpt]mse IW¡nseSp¡p¶ \bambncn¡Ww. hyhkmbn¡pthWvSn IÀjIs\ NqjWw sN¿p¶ \bamWv Ct¸mÄ hyhkmbnIÄ ]bäp¶Xv.

ImÀjntImXv]¶ambn ]cnKWn¡Ww

d_À Hcp hyhkmb DXv]¶w F¶ \nebn Ct¸mÄ hmWnPyhIp¸nsâ IognemWv. AXp ImÀjIhnfbmbn IcpXnbm hyhkmbn¡pw tXm«¡mÀ¡pw {]tbmP\{]ZamWv. d_ÀIrjn hnIk\hpw KthjWhpw d_À hn]W\hpsaÃmw XpS¡w apX d_À t_mÀUnsâ Iognembncp¶Xn\m [mcmfw KpWw IÀjI\p e`n¨p. Kh¬saâv]²XnIÄ IÀjIcnse¯n¡m³ BßmÀYambn ]cn{ian¨ d_À t_mÀUv sNbÀam³amcpw DtZymKØcpw hfscbpWvSv. s\Ãpw sX§pw \jvSambt¸mÄ Znhtk\ hcpam\w In«p¶ hnfsb¶ \nebn d_À tIcf¯nse IÀjIÀ¡v CjvSs¸«p.

]{´WvSp e£w sNdpInS d_À IÀjIÀ C¶p tIcf¯nepWvSv. AhcpsS ssIhi`qan icmicn 0.48 slIvSdmWv. k¦cIrjnbneqsS D]Poh\w \S¯p¶ d_À IÀjIÀ¡p Irjn¡pÅ Hcp B\pIqeyhpw Ct¸mÄ e`n¡pIbnÃ. hf¯n\p k_vknUnbnÃ, IÀjI s]³j\nÃ. hyhkmb DXv]¶amb ]cp¯n¡pw NW¯n\pw ImÀjnI B\pIqeyw e`n¡p¶pWvSv. sNdpInS d_À IÀjIÀ¡p IrjnhIp¸p \ÂIp¶ B\pIqey§Ä \ÂIn kwc£n¡m\pff kwhn[m\w DWvSmIWw.

d_À emäIvkv Hcp ImÀjnIhn`hw BbXn\memWv Cd¡paXn¡v 70% Np¦w h¨ncn¡p¶Xv. F¶mÂ, d_À joäv hmWnPyhn`hambn IcpXpIbpw sN¿p¶p. d_dns\ ImÀjnIhnfbmbn IcpXn B\pIqey§Ä \ÂIWw. hmWnPyhnfIÄ tI{µ enÌnepw ImÀjnI hnfIÄ kwØm\ enÌnepambXn\memWv B\pIqey§Ä e`n¡m¯Xv. d_À I¬Idâv enÌnem¡n hmWnPyþImÀjnI B\pIqey§Ä e`yam¡p¶Xpw ]cnKWn¡Ww.

Irjn hmbv]

hyhkmbn¡p thWvSn Ggp hÀjw IjvS\ã§Ä kln¨p d_ÀIrjn sN¿p¶ IÀjI\p e`n¡p¶ B\pIqeyw slIvSdn\p 18,000 cq]bmWv. Hcp slIvSÀ d_À h¨v Ggp hÀjw t]män BZmbsaSp¡pt¼mÄ sNehv slIvSdn\v A©p e£w cq]bmIpw. hnZym`ymk hmbv] t]mse ]eniclnX hmbv] 10 hÀjt¯¡p \ÂIn IÀjIsc klmbn¡Ww. hmbv] \ÂIm\mbn {]tXyI ^WvSv DWvSm¡pItbm hneØncXm^WvSv D]tbmKn¡pItbm sN¿Ww.

hneIpdª kmlNcy¯n ]pXpIrjn¡mbn d_À t_mÀUneqsS slIvSdn\p cWvSp e£w cq] hoXw Cu hÀjw \ÂIn IÀjIs\ Irjnbn \ne\nÀ¯Ww. d_À IÀjI\nÂ\n¶p ]ncn¡p¶ Intembv¡p cWvSp cq] hoXapÅ skkv d_À t_mÀUv DtZymKØÀ¡p i¼fw sImSp¡m\mWn¶v D]tbmKn¡p¶Xv. 100 tImSnbne[nIw hcp¶ Cu XpIbpw ]eniclnX hmbv] \ÂIm³ D]tbmKn¡Ww.

d_À XSn

d_Àacw kw_Ôn¨v hyàamb \b§Ä thWw. Xangv\m«n I\ymIpamcn PnÃbn d_À Irjn sN¿p¶ {]tZiw h\¯nsâ ]cn[nbn s]Sp¯nbncn¡p¶Xn\m ]p\xIrjn¡mbn sh«m³ Ignbm¯kmlNcyw DWvSv. d_À Hcp ImÀjnIhnfbmbn AwKoIcn¡Ww. Ct¸mÄ d_À XSn Bbn IcpXp¶Xn\m AXp tÌän\v shfnbn sImWvSpt]mIm³ 28% FIvsskkv Uyq«n \ÂIWw. ]pdta hmäpw. CXp d_À XSnbpsS hneIpdbp¶Xn\p ImcWamIp¶p. s]cp¼mhqcnse kwLSnX tkm anÃpImcpsS NqjW¯n d_À XSn hyhkmbw IÀjI NqjW {]iv\ambn amdnbncn¡p¶p.

ss¹hpUn\v NXpc{i ASn¡v 18 cq]bpWvSmbncp¶t¸mÄ d_À XSn¡p S®n\v 7000 cq]bpWvSmbncp¶p. C¶v ss¹hpUn\v 32 cq]bpÅt¸mÄ XSn hne 4000 cq]bmbn Ipdªp. IÀjI\p S®n\v 1500 cq] hne In«pt¼mÄ Npa«pIqen 2000 cq]bpw sImWvSpt]mIp¶ hml\apSabv¡v 1500 cq]bpw tkmanÃpImÀ¡v 5000 cq]bpw In«p¶p. d_À XSnbpsS ssZ\wZn\ hym]mchne ]{X¯n {]kn²oIcn¡Ww. h¶p t]mIp¶ XSntemdnIfpsS F®hpw Xq¡hpw Imadmbn ]IÀ¯n \nIpXnsh«n¸v XSbWw.

d_À D]tbmKn¨pÅ SbdnXc km[\§Ä 35,000¯ne[nIapWvSv. C´ybn AhbpsS [mcmfw sNdpInS hyhkmb bqWnäpIfpapWvSv. F¶mÂ, ChbpsS Cd¡paXn Uyq«n F«p iXam\amWv. AXn\m ssN\bn \n¶pw atejybn \n¶pw ^ÀWn¨dpIfpw SbdnXc km[\§fpw C´ybnte¡p hcp¶p. Cd¡paXn¨p¦w 40% Bbn DbÀ¶nsæn C´ybnse sNdpInS hyhkmb§Ä \n¶p t]mIpw. D]t`mKhpw Ipdbpw. d_À hmäv \nc¡v FÃm kwØm\§fpw Hcp t]msebm¡Ww. h³InS tXm«§Ä¡pÅ 60% ImÀjnImZmb \nIpXn 35% Bbn Ipdbv¡Ww.

d_À DXv]mZI kwL§Ä

2700 A[nIw hcp¶ d_À DXv]mZI kwL§sf (BÀ]nFkv) iàoIcn¡m³ {]tXyI ]²XnIfpw ]Whpw \ÂIWw. BÀ]nFkv I¼\nIfpsS \jvSw C¶pÅ 25 tImSn cq] FgpXn¯ÅpIbpw t»m¡v dºÀ ^mIvSdnIfpw, emäIvkv ^mIvSdnIfpw aäpw \hoIcn¡m³ ]Whpw ]²XnIfpw DWvSmhWw. {XnXe ]©mb¯pIÄ BÀ]nFkpIÄ¡v B\pIqey§Ä \ÂIWw. hmänÂ\n¶v BÀ]nFkpIsf Hgnhm¡Ww.

kwLSnX SbÀ taJe amdn\n¶m d_À taJesb c£n¡m³ d_dnsâ B`y´c D]t`mKw hÀ[n¸n¡m³ ]²XnIÄ thWw. 35,000 tImSn cq] Cu hÀjw tZiob]mXIÄ¡mbn amänbn«pWvSv. emäIvkv _näpan³ sIm¨n³ dnss^\dnbn DWvSm¡n AXp]tbmKn¡m³ ]²Xn Xbmdm¡Ww. tIcfw AXmZyw Bcw`n¡Ww

KpWta·bpÅ joäpWvSm¡m³ sNdpInS IÀjIcpsS A©p slIvSÀ Øes¯ Hcp bqWnämbn IcpXn AhÀ¡p joäv DWvSm¡m\pÅ tamt«mÀ h¨ tdmfdpIfpw ]pI¸pcIfpw k_vknUntbmsS \nÀan¡m³ ]²XnIÄ thWw. t{Im¸v C³jzd³kv XpI hÀ[n¸n¡pIbpw h\yarK§fpsS ieyw aqew \jvSamIp¶ ac§Ä¡v B\pIqeyw \ÂIpIbpw thWw.

Sm¸nwKv sXmgnemfnIfpsS £maw C¶p cq£amWv. IiphWvSn, IbÀ, ]iphfÀ¯Â sXmgnemfnIsf almßmKmÔn sXmgn Dd¸p ]²Xnbn DÄs¸Sp¯p¶Xv BtemNn¡pt¼mÄ d_À Sm¸nwKv sXmgnemfnIsfbpw BbXn DÄs¸Sp¯n 100 Znhks¯ i¼fw \ÂIn Cu taJebn \ne\nÀ¯Ww. s]³j³ XpS§nb B\pIqey§Ä e`n¡m\pÅ ]²XnIÄ thWw.

hcpam\ ØncX thWw

C¶v Hcp Intem d_À DXv]mZn¸n¡m³ tIcf¯n 160 cq]bmIpw. AXn Ipdª hne h¶m IÀjIÀ Irjn Dt]£n¡pw. IÀjI\p hneØncX Aà hcpam\ ØncXm ^WvSv BWp thWvSXv. d_À hne Ipdªmepw IÀjI\p \ymbhne e`n¡m\pÅ ]²XnIÄ thWw. \nehnepÅ hneØncXm^WvSv 2003 500 tImSn cq]bpambn Bcw`n¨p. 10 hÀjw ]WaS¨ IÀjIsc Fkv_n ]enibmbn \mep iXam\w \ÂIn I_fn¸n¨p. hneØncXm^WvSv bp]nF kÀ¡mÀ 1000 tImSn cq]bm¡psa¶p _Pän ]dsª¦nepw Ct¸mgXv 500 tImSnbmbn Ipd¨p. Cu ]Ww D]tbmKn¨v 160 cq]bv¡p d_À kw`cn¨p IÀjIsc \ne\nÀ¯m³ kÀ¡mÀ XbmdmIWw.

d_Àhne IpdªtXmsS tIcf¯nsâ k¼ZvLS\ XIÀ¶ncn¡pIbmWv. C´ybn BsI A©v Fw]namÀ¡pam{Xw {]iv\apÅ Hcp ImcyamWv d_À hnebnSnhv. UÂlnbn CsXmcp {]iv\tabÃ. hÀjw tXmdpw 450 tImSn cq] d_dn \n¶p kwØm\ kÀ¡mcn\p e`n¡p¶pWvSv. F¶n«pw IÀjIÀ¡p thWvS B\pIqey§Ä \ÂIm¯ kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ d_À \b¯n hyàamb A`n{]mbw ]dbm³ XbmdmIWw. Cu taJebnepÅ FÃmhcpw, cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nIfpw IÀjI kwLS\Ifpw, X§fpsS A`n{]mb§Ä d_À \bcq]oIcW I½nänsbtbm d_À t_mÀUns\tbm ASnb´cambn Adnbn¡Ww. d_À IÀjIXmXv]cyapÅ am[ya§Ä CXp {]kn²oIcn¡Ww.

s]m³ap« CSp¶ Xmdmhns\ SbÀ I¼\n¡gpI·mÀ Xn¶pXoÀ¡pt¼mÄ Icbm³ FÃmhscbpw sNdpInS IÀjIÀ £Wn¡p¶p. ]dtbWvS kab§fn I®pw ImXpw ]q«nbncp¶m tIcf¯n\pWvSmIp¶ Zpc´¯n\p \½Ä km£nbmtIWvSnhcpw.

(tZiob d_À \bcq]oIcW I½nänbnse aq¶p IÀjI {]Xn\n[nIfn HcmfmWp teJI³)


hoWvSpw ]«mf`ojWn

  Share on Facebook
{]tXyI teJI³

kzmX{´y¯n\p tijapÅ Ime¯nsâ ]IpXntbmfw ]«mf`cW¯n Ignª cmPyamWp ]m¡nØm³. Ct¸mÄ \memwh«hpw ]«mf¯nsâ `cWw F¯nt¨cmhp¶ \nebmbn.C¯hW A«nadn¡s¸«m \hmkv jco^n\v Hcp dn¡mÀUv kz´amIpw. ]«mfw cWvSpXhW A«nadn¨ P\Iob `cWIqS¯nsâ Xeh³ F¶ dn¡mÀUv.

\nch[n XhW ]«mfhn¹h{ia§Ä DWvSmsb¦nepw CXn\p ap¼v aq¶pXhWbmWp ]mIv ]«mf¯n\p `cWw ]nSn¡m\mbXv. 1958þepw '77 epw '99 epambncp¶p Ah.

C´ys¡m¸w kzmX{´ywIn«nsb¦nepw ]m¡nØm³ 1956þemWp dn¸»n¡mbXv. A¶p KhÀWÀP\dembncp¶ ap³ ]«mfta[mhn taPÀ P\d CkvIµÀ Aen anÀk {]knUâmbn. At±lw {]Jym]n¨ `cWLS\bpsS ASnØm\¯n sXcsªSp¸p \S¶p. Ing¡³ ]m¡nØm³Imc\mb kp{lhÀZn {][m\a{´nbmbn. ]t£, km¼¯nIcwK¯pw hntZicwK¯pw Xncn¨SnIÄ DWvSmbt¸mÄ kp{lhÀZnsb amän. ]n¶mse aäp aq¶p {][m\a{´namscbpw. 1958 HtÎm_À Ggn\p {]knUâv anÀk Im_n\äns\ Unkvankv sNbvXp. ]mÀesaâpw {]hniym Akw»nIfpw a{´nk`Ifpw ]ncn¨phn«p; `cWLS\ d±m¡n. ]«mf\nbaw {]Jym]n¨p. ssk\ym[n]³ P\d Abq_v Jms\ ]«mf`cW ta[mhnbm¡n.

A¶p anÀk tdUntbm {]t£]W¯n ]dªp: "P\m[n]Xy `cWw ]m¡nØm\p ]änbXÃ.'
]Xnaq¶p Znhk¯n\p tijw Abq_v Jm³ anÀksb \o¡wsNbvXp {]knUâv Øm\w Gäp. anÀksb ]n¶oSv \mSpIS¯n.

cmPys¯ inYneoIcW¯nÂ\n¶p c£n¡mh³thWvSnbmWp ]«mf`cWtaÀs¸Sp¯nbsX¶v Abq_v Jm³ ]n¶oSp \ymboIcn¨p. ]mIv kp{]owtImSXn ]«mf`cWs¯ icnh¨p. BhiyIXm kn²m´w (tUmIv{Sn³ Hm^v s\kknän) D¶bn¨mbncp¶p \ymboIcWw.

`cWw]nSn¨tijw ssk\ym[n] Øm\samgnª Abq_v Jm³ 1965þ C´ybpambn bp²¯nteÀs¸«p. A©mgvN \oWvS bp²¯n ]m¡nØm\p I\¯ Xncn¨Sn e`n¨p. 1966þse XmjvsIâv IcmÀ hgn ]m¡nØm\p `qan \ãhpw DWvSmbn. CtXmsS cmPy¯v AkzØXbmbn.

Abq_nsâ hnizkvX hntZiImcya{´nbmbncp¶ kpÄ^n¡À Aen `qt«m P\hnImcw a\knem¡n cmPnh¨v {]t£m`w \bn¨p. 1969 Bbt¸mÄ Abq_v cmPnh¨v ssk\ym[n]³ P\d bmlymJm\v A[nImcw ssIamdn. bmlym ]«mf`cWw XpSÀ¶p.

bmlym Jm³ 1970þ ]m¡nØm\nse {]Ya P\Iob sXcsªSp¸p \S¯n. Ing¡³ ]m¡nØm\nse Ahman eoKn\mbncp¶p `qcn]£w. ]t£ bmlym AhÀ¡v A[nImcw ssIamdm³ XbmdmbnÃ. CXp Ing¡³ ]m¡nØm\n Iem]¯n\pw ]n¶oSp kzmX{´y \o¡¯n\pw hgnsXfn¨p. tj¡v apPo_v dlvamsâ t\XrXz¯n Ing¡³ ]m¡nØm³, _w¥mtZiv F¶ t]cn kzmX{´yw {]Jym]n¨p. C´y _w¥mtZins\ AwKoIcn¨p. ]mIvtk\ _w¥mtZin AXn{Ia§Ä \S¯n. 1971 Unkw_dn ]mIvtk\ C´ysb B{Ian¨p. bp²¯n C´y Pbn¨p; _w¥mtZiv kzX{´ambn. bmlymJm³ cmPnh¨p. `qt«m {]knUâmbn. ]ntähÀjw ]«mf \nbaw d±m¡n. 1973þ ]pXnb `cWLS\ DWvSm¡n. `qt«m {][m\a{´nbmbn.

1977þ `qt«m s]mXp sXcsªSp¸p \S¯n. heXp]£ bmYmØnXnI I£nIÄ ]m¡nØm³ \mjW Aeb³kv (]nF³F) F¶ t]cn kJyapWvSm¡n aÕcn¨n«pw `qt«mbpsS ]m¡nØm³ ]o¸nÄkv ]mÀ«n (]n]n]n) h³ `qcn]£w t\Sn. sXcsªSp¸n Ir{Xnaw Btcm]n¨p {]Xn]£ {]t£m`w XpS§n. {]t£m`w cq£ambt¸mÄ ]«mfta[mhn P\d knbm DÄ lJv 1977 Pqsse A©n\v A[nImcw ]nSn¨p. `cWLS\ kkvs]³UpsNbvXp. ]mÀesaâpw {]hniym Akw»nIfpw ]ncn¨phn«p. ]«mf\nbaw {]Jym]n¨p. `qt«msb XShnem¡n. ]n¶oSv Hcp tIkn h[in£ hn[n¨p Xq¡nen«p sIm¶p. 1979þ P\d knbm {]knUâmbn kzbw Ahtcm[n¨p. C¯hWbpw ]mIv kp{]owtImSXn ssk\nI A«nadnsb icnh¨p.

1988þ hnam\]IS¯n P\d knbm sImÃs¸«Xns\¯pSÀ¶p ]«mf`cWw Ahkm\n¨p. B \hw_dnse sXcsªSp¸n ]n]n]n hnPbn¨p. t_\koÀ `qt«m {][m\a{´nbmbn. cWvSphÀjambt¸mtg¡p P\Iob {]t£m`s¯¯pSÀ¶p {]knUâv CjmIv Jm³ t_\kodns\ ]pd¯m¡n. XpSÀ¶pÅ sXcsªSp¸n \hmkv jco^nsâ kJyw Pbn¨p; t_\ko {]Xn]£ t\Xmhmbn. cmjv{Sob tImfnf¡§Ä 1993þ cmPnhbv¡m³ jco^ns\ \nÀ_ÔnX\m¡n. sXcsªSp¸n `qcn]£ansænepw IqSpX koäv t\Snb t_\koÀ {][m\a{´nbmbn. AgnaXn Btcm]W§sf¯pSÀ¶v 1996 \hw_dn t_\kodns\ {]knUâv seKmcn Unkvankv sNbvXp. ]ntähÀjw sXcsªSp¸n \hmkv jco^n\p h³ hnPbw.

jco^nsâ Ime¯p ]m¡nØm³ C´ybptSXn\p kam´cambn AWpt_mw_v ]co£n¨p. ]ntähÀjw (1999) ImÀKn bp²w \S¯n. bp²¯n C´y t\Sn. jco^n\p P\]n´pWbpw ]«mf]n´pWbpw t]mbn. X¡wt\m¡n ssk\ym[n]³ P\d ]Àthkv apjmd^v `cWw ]nSn¨p.

Bdpt]sc adnIS¶mWp jco^v apjmd^ns\ ssk\ym[n]\m¡nbXv. ]t£ ImÀKn bp²w Ignªt¸mÄ AhcpsS _Ôw Deªp. 1999 HtÎm_À 12 \p apjmd^ns\ ssk\ym[n] Øm\¯p\n¶pw \o¡nbXmbn jco^v {]Jym]n¨p. At¸mÄ {ioe¦bnembncp¶ apjmd^v Hcp bm{Xmhnam\¯n ]m¡nØm\nte¡p Xncn¨p. hnam\w ]m¡nØm\n Cd¡cpsX¶p jco^v BÚm]n¨p. ]t£, ssk\nI Hm^okÀamÀ hnam\w Cd¡n. jco^ns\ XShnem¡n. ]n¶oSp kuZnbnte¡p \mSpIS¯n. apjmd^v `cWw ]nSn¨p ]«mf\nbaw {]Jym]n¨p. Cu A«nadnsbbpw ]n¶oSp kp{]owtImSXn icnh¨p. 2008þ apjmd^v A[nImcw HgntbWvSnh¶p.

2008þse sXcsªSp¸n BÀ¡pw `qcn]£w In«nbnÃ. Akn^v Aen kÀZmcnbpsS ]n]n]nbpw \hmkv jco^nsâ apkvenw eoKpw H¶n¨p Iptd\mÄ `cn¨p. ]n¶oSv ]ncnªp. AXn\nsS jco^n\p ]ZhnIÄ hne¡n kp{]owtImSXn D¯chmbn. 2010 emWv B hne¡p amdnbXv. 2013 se sXcsªSp¸n jco^nsâ ]mÀ«n¡p hnPbw In«n.

Cu hn[n kzoIcn¡m³ C{am³Jmsâ ]m¡nØm³ sXlvcoIv C³k^v (]nSnsF) ]mÀ«nbpw XlodpÄ Izm{ZnbpsS ]m¡nØm³ Ahman sXlvco¡pw (]nFSn) sXcphnend§n. AXnsâ HSphnemWnt¸mÄ ]«mf`cW¯nsâ ]SnhmXn¡ ]m¡nØm³ F¯nbncn¡p¶Xv.


`oXnsbmgnbmsX apkm^À\KÀ

  Share on Facebook
am¯p¡p«n Sn. Iq«pt½Â

apkm^À\Kdn Ct¸mgpw `oXnsbmgnbp¶nÃ. D¯À{]tZinse apkm^À\KÀ PnÃbn hÀKob Iem]w \S¶n«v Hcp hÀjambn«pw AhnSs¯ \yq\]£ kapZmbmwK§fpsS Ac£nXmhØ XpScpIbmWv. \nch[n t]À AhnsS \n¶p ]emb\w sNbvXp. 2013 HmKÌv 27\v Bcw`n¨ Iem]w sk]väw_À ]Xnt\tgmsSbmWv GXmWvSp sI«S§nbXv. P\PohnXw km[mcW \nebnemsb¶v A[nIrXÀ ]dbp¶psWvS¦nepw Iem]w Ahtijn¸n¨ \ã§Ä _m¡n.

Iem]¯n\v CcbmbhÀ \oXn¡pthWvSnbpÅ Im¯ncn¸nemWv Ct¸mgpw. kÀhhpw \ãs¸«hsc thWvShn[w ]p\c[nhkn¸n¡m³ kÀ¡mcn\v C\nbpw Ignªn«nÃ. ZpcnXmizmk Iym¼pIfn Ignbp¶ an¡hÀ¡pw X§fpsS kpc£sb¡pdn¨p Ct¸mgpw `bamWv. {]mYanIImcy§Ä \nÀhln¡m³ t]mepw kuIcy§fnÃm¯ ]cnXm]Icamb AhØbnemWpAhÀ.

apkm^À\KÀ þjmwen PnÃIfn ]e {Kma§fnepw apkvenwIÄ In«p¶ hnebv¡p hoSp hnäp Øew hnSpIbmWv. apkm^À\KÀ PnÃbnÂs¸« ImwKvd {Kma¯n 250 apkvenw IpSpw_§Ä DWvSmbncp¶Xn Ignª Hcp hÀj¯n\nsS \qä¼tXmfw IpSpw_§Ä hoSpw Øehpw hnäp {Kmaw hn«pt]mbn. Øew hn«pt]mIp¶hsc ]n´ncn¸n¡m³ Bcpw {ian¡p¶nÃ. hkvXphnev]\ kzImcy CS]mSmsW¶pw AXn CSs]Sm³ IgnbnsöpamWp dh\yq A[nIrXcpsS \ne]mSv. km[mcW kw`h§Ä¡pt]mepw Ct¸mÄ hÀKob \ndw Iecp¶p F¶XmWp Iem]¯nsâ _m¡n]{Xw. tdmU]IStam IhÀ¨tbm \S¶m t]mepw Ah hÀKobhXvIcn¡s¸Sp¶p.

Hcp ZimÐw ap¼pWvSmb KpPdm¯v Iem]s¯bpw 1992se _m_dn akvPnZv XIÀ¡epambn _Ôs¸«pWvSmb kwLÀjs¯bpw A\pkvacn¡p¶ hn[ambncp¶p apkm^À\KÀ Iem]w. Iem]¯nsâ cq£X H¶camkt¯mfw \oWvSp. Adp]Xne[nIw t]cpsS Poh³ tlman¡s¸SpIbpw 93 t]À¡p ]cnt¡Â¡pIbpw sNbvXp. Ac e£t¯mfw t]À `h\clnXcmbn. bp]nbn 20 hÀj¯n\ptijw BZyambn ssk\ys¯ Cdt¡WvSnh¶p.

2013 HmKÌv 21\mWp apkm^À\KÀ Iem]¯n\p Xos¸mcn hoWXv. CtX¯pSÀ¶ t]meokv 150 t]Às¡Xntc tIskSp¡pIbpw 14 t]sc IÌUnbnseSp¡pIbpw sNbvXp. t^kv_p¡n h¶ Hcp t]mÌns\¯pSÀ¶v 24\v Ccphn`mK§Ä X½nepÅ kwLÀjw IqSpX apdpIn. HmKÌv 27\v apkm^À\Kdnse Ihm {Kmahmknbmb Hcp bphmhv asämcp kapZmb¯nÂs¸« Hcp s]¬Ip«ntbmSv A]acymZbmbn s]cpamdnbXmbn ]cmXn. s]¬Ip«nbpsS _Ôp¡fmb bphm¡Ä A]acymZbmbn s]cpamdnb bphmhns\ ASn¨psIm¶p. CXnsâ {]XnImcambn sImÃs¸« bphmhnsâ kapZmb¯nÂs]«hÀ sIme]mXI¯n\p ImcW¡mcmb bphm¡sf sImes¸Sp¯n. CtXmsSbmWp hÀKob Iem]w ]Scp¶Xv. cWvSp bphm¡sf sImes¸Sp¯p¶ Zriy§Ä F¶ t]cn Hcp FkvFwFkv {]Ncn¨p. CXp hymPamsW¶p ]n¶oSv sXfnªp. CXn\nsS apk^À\KÀ PnÃbnepS\ofw Xohbv]pw ItÃdpIfpw Act§dn.

apkm^À\Kdn ssk\ys¯ hn\ykn¨v IÀ^yp GÀs¸Sp¯nsb¦nepw Iem]w XpSÀ¶p. kao]apÅ {]tZi§fnte¡pw Iem]w hym]n¨p. Iem]¯n\nsS A{IanIÄ hoSpIfn Ibdn kv{XoIsf Iq« am\`wK¯n\ncbm¡n.

]´ocmbnct¯mfw t]sc t]meokv IÌUnbnseSp¯p IcpX XS¦enÂh¨p. tXm¡v kq£n¡p¶Xn\pÅ 2300 t]cpsS ssek³kv d±p sNbvXp. t]meokv \S¯nb ]cntim[\bn cWvSmbnct¯mfw tXm¡pIÄ ]nSns¨Sp¯p. A¼Xn\mbnc¯ntesd BfpIÄ Iem]{]tZi¯p\n¶p ]emb\w sNbvXp.

Iem]w XSbp¶Xn D¯À{]tZinse AJntejv bmZhv kÀ¡mÀ hogvN hcp¯nsb¶p kp{]o tImSXn Ipäs¸Sp¯n. Iem]hpambn _ÔapÅ FÃmhscbpw cmjv{Sobw t\m¡msX DS³ AdÌv sN¿m³ tImSXn D¯chn«p. kwLÀjw DWvSmIpsa¶p kqN\bpÅ clkyhnhc§Ä kwØm\kÀ¡mcn\p ssIamdp¶Xn hogvN hcp¯nbXn tI{µ kÀ¡mcns\bpw tImSXn Ipäs¸Sp¯n. Iem]w ]SÀ¯m³ {ian¨Xmbn Btcm]n¡s¸« _nFkv]n Fw]n ImZnÀ dmW, _nsP]n FwFÂFamcmb kwKoXv tkmw, `mctXµp knwKv, _nFkv]n FwFÂF \qÀ kenw, auem\ PaoÂ, tIm¬{Kkv t\Xmhv kboZv Dkvam³, _nsIbp t\Xmhv \tcjv Sn¡mbXv F¶nhcpÄs¸sS 16 t]Às¡Xntc AdÌv hmdWvSv ]pds¸Sphn¨p.

cmjv{Sob apXseSp¸n\pthWvSnbpÅ KqVmtemN\bmWp Iem]¯n\p ]n¶nse¶p apJya{´n AJntejv bmZhv \nbak`bn ]dªp. temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸p ap¶n¡WvSp _nsP]nbmWv A{Ia]²XnIÄ Bkq{XWw sNbvXsX¶pw AJntejv Ipäs¸Sp¯n. sk]väw_À H¼Xn\p PpUoj At\zjWw {]Jym]n¨p. Aelm_mZv sslt¡mSXnbnÂ\n¶p hncan¨ PÌokv hnjvWp klmbnsb Iem]s¯¡pdn¨v At\zjn¡m³ NpaXes¸Sp¯n.

bp]n kÀ¡mcns\ ]ncn¨phn«p cmjv{S]Xn`cWw GÀs¸Sp¯Wsa¶ Bhiyhpambn _nsP]n, _nFkv]n, BÀFÂUn ]mÀ«nIÄ cwKs¯¯n. A¶s¯ tI{µ B`y´ca{´n kpio IpamÀ jn³sUbpw apJya{´n AJntejv bmZhns\ Ipäs¸Sp¯n. `oIckwLS\bmb ejvIÀ C tXmbv_bv¡p Iem]¯n ]¦psWvS¶v A`yqlw DbÀ¶ncp¶p. UÂln t]meokpw tI{µ kÀ¡mcpw CXp \ntj[n¡pIbmWpWvSmbXv.

apkm^À\KÀ taJebnse \mep koäS¡w D¯À{]tZinse ]¯pkoänte¡p sk]väw_À 13\p \nbak`m D]sXcsªSp¸p \S¡p¶ ]Ým¯e¯n hÀKobhntZzjw C\nbpw Bfn¡¯n¡m³ {iaapWvSmIptamsb¶p `b¡p¶hÀ \nch[nbmWv. hÀKobIem]§Ä sXcsªSp¸p hnPb¯n\pÅ Ffp¸hgnbmsW¶p sXfnbn¡s¸«p Ignª kmlNcy¯n {]tXyIn¨pw.


{][m\a{´nsb kµÀin¨Xn\p ]n¶nse \nebpw \ne]mSpw

  Share on Facebook
^m. t_mhmkv amXyp (aoUnbm tImþHmÀUnt\äÀ, ae¦c kpdnbm\n It¯men¡m k`)

2014 HmKÌv 14\p {][m\a{´n \tc{µtamZnsb `mcX It¯men¡m sa{Xm³ kwL¯nsâ A[y£³ IÀZn\mÄ amÀ _tkentbmkv ¢oankv ImtXmen¡m _mh kµÀin¨ncp¶p. `mcX It¯men¡m sa{Xm³kwL¯nsâ Hcp Iogvhg¡amWv ]pXnb `mchmlnIÄ sXcsªSp¡s¸Spt¼mÄ `mcX¯nsâ `cWt\XrXzs¯ kµÀin¨v A`nhmZ\w AÀ¸n¡pI F¶Xv. cmPy¯nsâ `cWt\XrXzw amdnhcpt¼mgpw `mcX It¯men¡m sa{Xm³kwL¯nsâ t\XrXzwhln¡p¶hÀ Ahsc kµÀin¨v BiwkIfÀ¸n¡mdpWvSv. ]Þnäv PhlÀem s\lvdp apX C¶phscbpÅ {][m\a{´namtcmSpw tUm. cmtP{µ{]kmZv apX {]Wm_v apJÀPn hscbpÅ cmjv{S]XnamtcmSpw `mcX It¯men¡m sa{Xm³kwLw Cu Iogvhg¡w ]peÀ¯nbn«pWvSv. ]pXpXmbn {][m\a{´n]Z¯nse¯nb \tc{µtamZnsb IÀZn\mÄ amÀ _tkentbmkv ¢oankv ImtXmen¡m _mh kµÀin¨Xn Akm[mcWambn H¶panÃ.

22 an\näv ZoÀLn¨ B IqSn¡mgvN HutZymKnIhpw kulmÀZ]chpambncp¶p. IqSn¡mgvNbv¡ptijw IÀZn\mÄ \S¯nb ]{Xkt½f\¯n Xsâ kµÀi\s¯¡pdn¨pw ]pXnb kÀ¡mcnt\mSpÅ kao]\s¯¡pdn¨pw {]kvXmhn¨ncp¶p. kmaqlnI ]nt¶m¡mhØbnÂ\n¶v Hcp km[mcW¡mc³ cmPy¯nsâ ]ctam¶X t\XrØm\¯v F¯nbXn \tc{µtamZnsb ImtXmen¡m _mh A`n\µn¡pIbpw `mcX P\m[n]Xy¯nsâ B´cnIiànsb ÇmLn¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

HmKÌv 15\p sNt¦m«bn \S¯nb kzmX{´yZn\ {]kwK¯n `mcX¯nsâ hnIk\¯n\pthWvSn {][m\a{´n apt¶m«ph¨ \nÀtZi§tfmSpw ASp¯ ]¯phÀjt¯¡p kmapZmbnIkwLÀj§Ä¡pw Iem]§Ä¡pw tamdt«mdnbw {]Jym]n¡Wsa¶ \nÀtZit¯mSpw cmPy¯nsâ ]ptcmKXnbn Ghcpw {i²n¡Wsa¶pÅ Blzm\t¯mSpw ImtXmen¡m_mhm klIcWadnbn¨p. kwLÀj§Ä¡pw Iem]§Ä¡pw AdpXnhcp¯n hnhn[ kapZmb§fpw aX§fpw klhÀ¯nXz¯n cmjv{S\nÀamW{]{Inbbn klIcn¡p¶ kmaqlnI ]Ým¯ew cmPy¯pWvSmIWsa¶ `mcX It¯men¡mk`bpsS \nc´camb Bhiys¯ cmPy¯nsâ {][m\a{´n HutZymKnI \bambn {]Jym]n¨XnepÅ kt´mjhpw kwXr]vXnbpw ]¦phbv¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

hcp¶ A©phÀjt¯¡p cmjvv{S¯nsâbpw `mcXP\XbpsSbpw Imhepw kwc£Whpw `mcXP\X ssItb¸n¨ {][m\a{´n¡p `cWLS\m]camb ZuXy\nÀhlW¯n ]n´pW \ÂIm³ GsXmcp `mcX ]uc\pw ISabpWvSv. ImtXmen¡m_mh Xsâ kµÀi\thfbn `mcX It¯men¡m k`bpsS ]n´pW {][m\a{´n¡p hmKvZm\w sNbvXXns\ Cu ]Ým¯e¯nemWp a\knemt¡WvSXv. `cWLS\bv¡p hncp²ambn GXv A[nImcn {]hÀ¯n¨mepw AXns\Xntc {]XnIcn¡m³ Hmtcm ]uc\pw NpaXebpWvSv. `mcX It¯men¡m k`m t\XrXzw bYmkab§fn Cu D¯chmZnXzw \ndthänbn«pWvSv. C\nbpw AXp \ndthäpIbpw sN¿pw.

F®wsImWvSp sNdpsX¦nepw `mcX¯nsâ hnIk\{]{Inbbn kÀhmß\m DÄt¨À¶ncn¡p¶ `mcX ss{IkvXh kaql¯nsâ, {]tXyIn¨v It¯men¡mk`bpsS, hnZym`ymk, BtcmKy, Zmcn{Zy\nÀamÀP\, kmaqlnI imàoIcW taJeIfnse iàamb CSs]SepIsf¡pdn¨p ImtXmen¡m _mh {][m\a{´nbpambn hnhc§Ä ]¦ph¨p. `mcX¯nse kÀhP\§fpsSbpw kpØnXnbpw hnIk\hpw, {]tXyIn¨p Ime§fmbn AhKW\ A\p`hn¡p¶ P\kaql§fpsS hntamN\hpw Dd¸phcp¯n cmPys¯ kIe kaql§sfbpw cmjv{S\nÀamW {]{Inbbn DÄt¨À¡m\pXIp¶ GXm\pw \nÀtZi§Ä `mcX It¯men¡mk`bv¡pthWvSn ImtXmen¡m _mh {][m\a{´n¡p tcJmaqew \ÂIpIbpWvSmbn. Ah Xmsg¸dbp¶p:

1. FÃmhÀ¡psam¸w FÃmhcpsSbpw hfÀ¨ F¶ {][m\a{´nbpsS hnIk\ZÀi\w A\pkcn¨v FÃmhscbpw DÄs¡mWvSpsImWvSpÅ hnIk\¯nte¡pw hfÀ¨bnte¡pw IpXn¡p¶ Hcp \h`mcXamWv R§fpsS kz]v\w.

2. `mcX¯nsâ al¯mb `cWLS\ Dd¸p\ÂIp¶ kaXz¯nepw kmtlmZcy¯nepw `btam `ojWntbm IqSmsX X§fpsS hnizmkhpw BNmcm\pjvTm\§fpw kwc£n¨psImWvSv FÃm aXhn`mK§Ä¡pw ssa{Xnbn Pohn¡m³ km[n¡p¶ Hcp `mcXamWp R§fpsS kz]v\w.

3. PmXnþaXþhÀKþhÀWþenwKþ`mjþ{]tZi hyXymkat\y BZnhmknIfpw A[xØnXcpw ZfnXcpw IÀjIcpw aÕys¯mgnemfnIfpw CXc ]n¶m¡hn`mK¡mcpw Zcn{Zcpw kwhcW¡mcy¯ntem km[yXIfpsS Imcy¯ntem AhKWn¡s¸Sm¯ Hcp `mcXamWp R§fpsS kz]v\w.

4. aX\yq\]£§Ä¡p `mcX `cWLS\ Dd¸p\ÂIp¶ AhImi§Ä kwc£n¡s¸SpI am{Xaà ap³hn[nItfm A\mhiy CSs]SepItfm DWvSmImsX kzX{´ambn AhcpsS hnZym`ymk, aXØm]\§Ä \S¯ns¡mWvSpt]mIm³ ]n³_etaIp¶ Hcp `mcXw R§Ä kz]v\wImWp¶p.

5. tZiobhcpam\¯nsâ Bdp iXam\¯n Ipdbm¯ XpI hnZym`ymk¯n\pw A©p iXam\¯n Ipdbm¯ XpI BtcmKy{]hÀ¯\§Ä¡pw \o¡nh¨p \nc£cXbpw Zmcn{Zyhpw DÑmS\wsN¿p¶ Hcp `mcXamWp R§fpsS kz]v\w.

6. kv{XoIfpsS am\yX DbÀ¯n¡m«pIbpw kaql¯n AhÀ¡p kaXzhpw kpc£bpw Dd¸m¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ Hcp `mcXamWp R§fpsS kz]v\w.

7. a\pjysâ Poh\pw kz¯n\pw kwc£Ww \ÂIns¡mWvSpw {]IrXntbmSp tNÀ¶p Pohn¡p¶ a\pjycpsS XmXv]cy§Ä kwc£n¨psImWvSpw ]cnØnXn kwc£n¡s¸Sp¶ Hcp `mcXw R§Ä kz]v\wImWp¶p.

Cu ]Ým¯e¯n IkvXqcncwK³ dnt¸mÀ«v \S¸m¡p¶Xn\pap¼v AXnsâ ]cnWnX^ew t\cn«\p`hnt¡WvSnhcp¶ tIcf¯nse P\hn`mK§fpambn KuchXcamb NÀ¨ \S¯Wsa¶pw ImtXmen¡m_mh \nÀtZin¨p.

`mcX¯nse It¯men¡m k`bpsS HutZymKnI {]Xn\n[nbmbmWp ImtXmen¡m_mh {][m\a{´nsb kµÀin¨Xv. `mcXw F¶pw kpiàamb Hcp P\m[n]Xy atXXc dn¸»n¡mbn \ne\n¡Wsa¶XmWv `mcX¯nse It¯men¡mk`bpsS {]Jym]nX \ne]mSv. CXn\pthWvSn hn«phogvNbnÃm¯Xpw F¶mÂ, kulmÀZ]chpw kIescbpw DÄs¡mÅp¶Xpamb {]hÀ¯\ssienbpsS DSabpamWp It¯men¡m _mh F¶Xpw {it²bamWv.

FÃm aXm\pbmbnItfmSpw FÃm cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«n¡mtcmSpw k`bpsS hnizmk§Ä¡pw \ne]mSpIÄ¡pw FXncmb \ne]mSpIfpÅhtcmSpt]mepw F´nt\sd k`bvs¡Xntc kacw \S¯p¶htcmSpt]mepw kulmÀZt¯mSpw ka`mh\tbmSpwIqSn CSs]Sp¶XmWp ¢oankv _mhbpsS ssien. tIcf¯nse FÃm aX¯nepw kapZmb¯nepw cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nbnepw s]«hÀ CX\p`hn¨n«pÅXpamWv.

GsXmcp hyànsbbpw a\knemt¡WvSXpw hnebncpt¯WvSXpw GsX¦nepw Hcp kµÀ`s¯tbm Hcp {]XnIcWs¯tbm Hcp hm¡ns\tbm ASnØm\am¡nbmIcpXv. {]XypX At±lw Ømbnbmbn ]peÀ¯p¶ \ne]mSpIsfbpw Ahew_n¡p¶ ZÀi\§sfbpw ASnØm\am¡nbmbncn¡Ww.

_lpkzckwkvImchpw kamtÇjW kwkvIrXnbpw P\m[n]Xy hyhØnXnbpw `mcX¯n A\pkyqXw \ne\n¡Wsa¶XmWp `mcX¯nse It¯men¡m k`bpsS B{Klhpw A`nemjhpw. CXns\ _es¸Sp¯m\pXIp¶ GXp \nÀtZi§sfbpw \ne]mSpIsfbpw k` kÀhmß\m kzmKXwsN¿pw.

F¶mÂ, `mcX¯nsâ al¯mb `cWLS\ Dd¸p\ÂIp¶ ZÀi\§Ä¡pw kzmX{´y¯n\pw AhImi§Ä¡pw FXncmbnhcp¶ GsXmcp \o¡s¯bpw, AXv BcpsS `mK¯p\n¶mbmepw, F{X D¶XcpsS `mK¯p\n¶mbmepw k` FXnÀ¡psa¶Xn\p cWvSp]£anÃ. Ncn{Xw AXn\p km£nbpamWv.






Site created by and maintained by Rashtra Deepika Ltd.