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]nWdmbnbpw KmÔnPnbpw

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A\´]pcn /ZznP³

aalmßKmÔn kzmX{´ykacIme¯v hntZihkv{X§Ä _lnjvIcn¡m\pw {_n«ojv kÀ¡mcnt\mSp \nklIcn¡m\pw Hs¡ \S¯nb Blzm\¯n\p tijw `mcXw IWvS Gähpw sFXnlmknIamb kacmlzm\amWv ]nWdmbn hnPb\n \n¶pw DWvSmbn«pÅXv. tIcf kÀ¡mcnsâ \nIpXn_lnjvIcW¯n\v At±lw \m«pImsc Blzm\w sNbvXncn¡p¶p. Cu Blzm\w cmPyt{ZmlamsW¶mWp \nbaa{´nbpsS IsWvS¯Â. sNWvS¡mcs\ DSp¡psIm«n t]Sn¸n¡cptX F¶mhpw CtX¡pdn¨p ]nWdmbn¡p amWnkmdnt\mSv ]dbm\pÅXv. F¶mÂ, at\mPv h[¯nepw aäpw t]meokv tIskSp¡p¶ hIp¸pIsfms¡ h¨p t\m¡nbm a{´n ]dbp¶Xp t]mse hà tIkpw DWvSmbn¡qsS¶nÃ. F¶ns«t´y Ct¸mgpÅ \nIpXn sh«n¸pImÀs¡Xntc Cu \nbaw H¶pw D]tbmKn¡p¶nà F¶ tNmZyw DWvSv.

GXmbmepw P\§fpsS a\kv Adnbp¶ sI]nknkn A[y£³ hn.Fw. kp[oc³ shÅ¡cw hÀ[\ ]p\x]cntim[n¡Ww F¶p ]dªp Ignªp. Csæn DS³ Bcw`n¡m\ncn¡p¶ tIcfbm{Xbn P\w {]XnIcn¡pw F¶v At±l¯n\dnbmw. B e£yw IqSn a\kn h¨mtWm Bthm kÀ¡mÀ Cu Xocpam\w Hs¡ FSp¯Xv. apJya{´n ]dª a{´nk`m ]p\xkwLS\ ]cW¯p ht¡WvSn h¶Xpt]mse kp[oc³ ]dª ]mÀ«n ]p\xkwLS\bpw tIcfbm{Xbpw ]cW¯p hbvt¡WvSn hcptam Bthm? ctaiv {Kq¸pImÀ \nÀWmbIamhpIbmWv. AhÀ kp[oct\mSp tNÀ¶t¸mÄ a{´nk`m ]p\xkwLS\ t]mbn. F¶mÂ, Ahcpw D½³ {Kq¸pw tNÀ¶v kwLS\ ]p\xkwLS\ ]cW¯p hbv]n¡m³ kp[oc³ k½Xn¡nsömWp kqN\. D]sXcsªSp¸pIfn {]NmcW¯n\p cmlp Cd§m¯Xp sImWvSmWv cmPØm\n tIm¬{Kkv C{X\à hnPbw t\SnbsX¶v i{Xp¡Ä ]dbp¶psWvS¦nepw Ct¸mgpw ]mÀ«nbpsS GI sshkv {]knUâpw Imcy¡mc\pw At±lw Xs¶bmWv. kp[oc\v At±l¯n hnizmkhpw DWvSv.

]Ww sImSp¡mXncp¶m hm«À AtYmdnän¡mÀ shůnsâ IWIvj³ hntOZn¨mtem F¶p tNmZn¨t¸mÄ {]t£m`ImcnIÄ AXp ssIImcyw sN¿pw F¶mWv ]nWdmbn sImSp¯ adp]Sn. AhÀ F´mhpw sN¿pI F¶v At±lw hyàam¡nbnÃ. ho«nemhiyapÅ shÅw F¯n¨p sImSp¡psat¶m, shůnsâ D]tbmKw F§s\ Ipdbv¡m\mhpw F¶v ¢mskSp¡psat¶m Hs¡ At¸mgmhpw Adnbm\mhpI. GXmbmepw ]WvSv sk{It«dnbäv D]tcm[w \S¯nbt¸mÄ IpSnshÅw ap«n¨v kacw cWvSmw Znhkw ]q«n¨ BfmWv D½³ NmWvSn F¶v Adnbp¶XpsImWvSv shÅ¡c \ntj[w F§s\ \S¯Ww F¶v At±lw hfsc BtemNnt¨ ]dbm\nSbpÅq. X§fpsS ]mÀ«n `cn¨ncp¶ Ime¯v sImÃs¯ ... t{]aN{µ³ a{´n shÅ¡cw Cc«nbm¡nbXv F´psImsWvS¶v Ct¸mÄ Bcpw tNmZn¡m\pw ]mSnÃ.

C\n hÀ[n¸n¨ \nIpXn sImSp¡mXncn¡m³ \m«pImÀ aZyhpw ]pIbnebpw Hs¡ hm§mXncn¡m³ Xocpam\n¨mtem AXv \mSn\p hn¹hIcamb {]tbmP\w DWvSm¡pw. ]Icw AsXÃmw ]nSn¨p]dn¨v D]tbmKn¡m³ t\m¡nbmtem. kacw \S¯m³ Bsf In«ntb¡pw ]t£ ctainsâ t]meokn\p ]Wnbmhpw.

cPnkvt{Sj³ ^oknse hÀ[\ sImSp¡mXncn¡Wsa¦n Øew hn¡mXncn¡Ww. d_dn\pw aäpw DWvSmb hnebnSnhp aqew H¶n\pw hIbnÃmXmb IÀjIÀ ]nSnbmhnebv¡p Øew hnäp t]mImXncn¡m³ CXp \ÃXmWv. d_dnsâ hne dn¡mÀUv ]X\¯nse¯nbn«pw BÀ¡pw thZ\bnsöXp k¦SIcamb henb kXyw.

tIcf¯nse sIme]mXI cmjv{Sobw Ahkm\n¸n¡m³ kn]nFw apt¶m«p hcpsa¶p ]nWdmbnbpsS ]mÀ«nbnse t]mfnäv _yqtdm AwKw tImSntbcn ]dbp¶Xpw hnizkn¡m\mhmsX \n¡pIbmWp km[mcW¡mc³. tImSntbcnsb¡pdn¨v PbcmP³ F´mhptam ]dbpI!

tIcf¯n km¼¯nI _p²nap«v DsWvS¦nepw {]XnkÔn Csöp XoÀ¯p ]dªpsImWvSv kz´w i¼f¯nsâ 20 iXam\w thsWvS¶p h¨v henb XymKk¶²XtbmsS \½psS a{´namÀ \mSp \¶m¡m³ {ian¡p¶ ImeamWnXv. Fs´Ãmw \à Xocpam\§fmWv AhÀ ssIs¡mWvSXv. 2000 tImSnbpsS A[nI\nIpXn. P\w C¯ncn _p²nap«Ww F¶mWp apJya{´nbpsS D]tZiw. a{´namcpw AXn ]¦mfnIfmhp¶Xnsâ ASbmfambn AhÀ i¼fw 20 iXam\w Ipdbv¡pw AXymhiyamsW¦n am{Xta C\n hntZibm{X \S¯p¶pÅp. At¸mÄ CXphsc A¯c¯neÃmsX bm{XIÄ \S¯nbncp¶pthm Bthm?

a{´namcpsS hntZibm{XIÄ¡v AhnSs¯ BXntYbcpw kztZibm{XIÄ¡v ChnSs¯ BXntYbcpw ]Ww sNehm¡Ww F¶p [\ImcyhIp¸p sk{I«dn tUm. sI.Fw. G{_lman\p \nÀtZin¡mhp¶XmWv. A§s\ h¶m kÀ¡mcn\p henb sNehv Hgnhm¡m\mIpw. hntZibm{X hnam\bm{X XpS§nbh Hs¡ kw_Ôn¨v F´pam{Xw {]Jym]\§Ä ap¼v \S¶ncn¡p¶p. H¶pw sNehp Ipd¨Xmbn tI«n«nÃ.

a\knÃm a\tkmsSsb¦nepw \mSn\msI KpWIcamb Hcp aZy\bw \S¸m¡n¯pS§nbXnsâ adhn C¯cw Hcp {]tbmP\w DWvSm¡m\mhpsa¶p amWnkmÀ HgnsI Bcpw a\kn IWvSncn¡nÃ. aZy\bw amä¯neqsS 7500 tImSnbpsS \jvSw DWvSmIpsa¶v amWnkmÀ \m«pImtcmSp ]dªt¸mÄ Bcpw C{Xbpw HmÀ¯ncn¡m\pw CSbnÃ. Xs¶t¸mepw AÛpXs¸Sp¯nb aZy\bw h¶t¸mÄ kp[oc³ t]mepw Nn´n¨ncn¡nà a\kn F´msW¶v.

P\§fpsS ta 2000 tImSnbpsS A[nI\nIpXn GÀs¸Sp¯nbXp XnI¨pw \ymbamsW¶mWv apJya{´nbpsS ]£w. aZy¯n\p hne Iq«nbXpw knKcän\p hne Iq«p¶Xpw F´n\v FXnÀ¡Ww F¶v At±lw tNmZn¡p¶p. aZy\nba§Ä ewLn¡p¶hÀ¡pÅ in£bpw `oIcambn DbÀ¯m³ t]mhpIbmWv. AXneqsS F{X A[nIhcpam\w DWvSm¡m\mhpsa¶v Adnbm\ncn¡p¶tXbpÅp.

[\Imcy hIp¸nsâ ¢nbd³knÃms¯ DZmcamb Xocpam\§Ä FSp¯m kwØm\w sN¶p ]Xn¡p¶ AhØsb¡pdn¨v ap³[\a{´n tXmakv sFkIv \ÂInb ap¶dnbn¸v icnbmIp¶Xp t]mse. A¶v B Xocpam\§fpsS apgph³ D¯chmZnXzhpw X\n¡msW¶p ]dªv D½³ NmWvSn Xsâ [\a{´nsb {]Xntcm[n¨ncp¶p.

]pXnb \nIpXn \nÀtZi§Ä \nbak`bn AhXcn¸n¨v ]mkm¡n \S¸m¡Wsa¶mWv \nbahpw Iogvhg¡hpw. Akm[mcW kmlNcy§fn HmÀUn\³kneqsSbpw \S¸m¡mw F¶ B\pIqey¯nemWp kÀ¡mÀ B{ibn¡p¶Xv, \nbak`bn AhXcn¸n¨p ]mkm¡nbm Chsb¡pdns¨Ãmw Hcp NÀ¨ DWvSmhpsa¶ÃmsX \nIpXn hÀ[\bv¡p thsd _p²naps«m¶pw DWvSmhnÃ. B _p²nap«p XXv¡met¯¡v HgnhmIpsa¦nepw HmÀUn\³kn\p ]IcapÅ _n AhXcn¸n¡s¸Spt¼mÄ B NÀ¨bv¡v Ahkcw sImSpt¯ aXnbmhp. C\n Fs¶¦nepw A[nImc¯n F¯m\mbm A¶v Ct¸mgs¯ {]Xn]£¯n\pw CXp t]mse \nbak`sb adnIS¶v \nIpXn GÀs¸Sp¯m\mhpw F¶XmWv D½³ NmWvSn kÀ¡mÀ Cu \S]SnbneqsS AhÀ¡p sNbvXp sImSp¡p¶ klmbw. A¶p {]Xn]£¯ncn¡p¶hÀ \nbak`sb adnIS¡p¶p F¶v Bt£]n¡pt¼mÄ Krl]mTw sNbvXn«p hcp¶ Nm\ NÀ¨¡mÀ hÃhcpw DsWvS¦n C¡mcyw HmÀ½n¡msa¶p am{Xw.

knFPnbpsS IW¡\pkcn¨v tIcf¯n ]ncnªp In«m\pÅ \nIpXn¸Ww Xs¶ 18000 tImSntbmfw hcpw. Hmtcm hÀjhpw Bdmbncw tImSnbpsS \nIpXn sh«n¸v \S¡p¶p F¶pw kÀ¡mÀ \ntbmKn¨ kanXnbpsS Xs¶ IW¡pWvSv. shÅ¡c¯n 60 iXam\w hsc hne Iq«n 200 tImSnbpsS A[nIhcpam\w DWvSm¡pt¼mÄ AhnsSbpw DWvSv 613 tImSnbpsS IpSninI. A_vImcn tIm¬{SmIvSÀamÀ hÀj§fmbn \evIm\pÅ 237 tImSn cq]bpw Dt]£n¨ a«mWv. sshZypXn t_mÀUn IpSninI 1502 tImSn. AXn 307 tImSnbpw sslsS³j³ImcpsS hIbmWv. GXmbmepw EjncmPv knwKv t_mÀUn F¯nbtXmsS Hcp Cf¡ambn«pWvSv. BcymS³ KXmKXa{´n Bbncp¶t¸mÄ knwKv AhnsS hnekn Xncph©qÀ h¶t¸mÄ AhnSs¯ Itkc CfIn. ctaiv sIm«pw Ipchbpambn Xncns¨Sp¯p. Ct¸mÄ sshZypXn t_mÀUnte¡v ]dn¨p \«p. \à Bbp[§Ä ^e{]Zambn D]tbmKn¡Wsa¦n D]tbmKn¡p¶h\pw \à ssh`hw thWw. Csæn ]eXpw kw`hn¡mw.

kÀ¡mcnsâ hnhn[hIp¸pIfn \n¶pw In«m\pÅ 1500 tImSn thsdbpw DsWvS¶mWp [\hIp¸nsâ IW¡v. Ch Hs¡ ]ncns¨Sp¡msX Ft´ km[mcW¡mcsâ t]m¡än ssIbn«p hmcp¶p F¶ tNmZyw AdnbmsX Dbcp¶p. Cu IpSninI FÃmw amWnbpsStbm tPmk^nsâtbm Imet¯Xsöv FÃmhÀ¡pw Adnbw. AXpXs¶bmWv AhcpsS AS¡w D¯chmZs¸« FÃmhcpsSbpw IhNhpw. CSXp `cn¨mepw heXp `cn¨mepw \nIpXn sImSp¡msX Pohn¡p¶hÀ A§s\ Pohn¡pw. Ahsc sXmSm\pw BÀ¡pw km[n¡nÃ. AhcpsS sNehp IqSn km[mcW¡mÀ hlnt¡WvSn hcp¶p.

***** *****

P\m[n]Xy ap¶Wn kÀ¡mcns\ Ct¸mÄ \new]Xn¸n¡m\mhpw F¶v P\s¯ hnizkn¸n¨v GXm\pw\mÄ tIcfs¯ BsI ]nSn¨pIpep¡nb Ip{]kn²amb tkmfmÀ CS]mSpIsf¡pdn¨pbÀ¶ hnhmZ§Ä ian¸n¡p¶Xn\v \ntbmKn¡s¸« PpUnj At\zjW I½oj³ F´mWv At\zjn¡WvSXv? sslt¡mSXn PUvPnbmbncp¶ Pn. inhcmPs\ At\zjW I½oj\mbn \nban¨n«p amkw ]Xns\m¶mbn«pw I½oj\v C¡mcy¯n IrXyamb hnhcw \evIp¶nà F¶dnbpt¼mgmWv Cu I½oj³ \nba\w F´n\mbncp¶p F¶p P\w tNmZn¨p t]mIp¶Xv. Ft´m \S¶p F¶p ]dªp kacw \S¯n P\s¯ _p²nap«n¨hsc¦nepw Cu At\zjWw icnbmb hn[¯n ]qÀ¯nbmIm³ Pm{KX ]peÀ¯m¯sX´v?

At\zjW¯n\p knänwKv PUvPnamsc hn«psImSp¡m³ sslt¡mSXn XbmdmIm¯Xv F´psImsWvS¶pw Cu A\p`hw t_m[ys¸Sp¯p¶p. knänwKv PUvPnamsc In«sX h¶t¸mÄ ssIbn DWvSmbncp¶ Hcp PUvPn¡v B \ntbmKw IqSn kÀ¡mÀ sImSp¯p. ]nt¶m¡ kapZmb I½oj³ sNbÀam\mbncp¶ PÌokv Pn. inhcmPs\ At\zjW I½oj\mbn \ntbmKn¨p. At±ls¯ ]nt¶m¡ kapZmb I½oj³ sNbÀam\m¡nbXv CSXp kÀ¡mdnsâ Ime¯mbncp¶XpsImWvSv AhÀ¡v \nba\s¯ I®S¨p FXnÀ¡m\pw IgnbmsX h¶p. F¶n«p AhÀ D½³ NmWvSn cmPnhbv¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸«p kacw XpSÀ¶p temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n Cu sNehn hÃXpw DWvSm¡mw F¶mbncp¶ncn¡Ww tamlw. Ct¸mÄ AhÀ¡pw thWvSmXmbn I½ojs\. ChcpsS Hs¡ kac¯n\pw Bt£]¯n\pw C{Xbpw hnesb P\w sImSp¡mhp F¶v ]mTw. AhÀ¡p Bhiyw Ignªm AhÀ AhcpsS ]m«n\p t]mIpw.

apJya{´nsb hgnbn XSbpI. IsÃdnbp. At±l¯nsâ ho«nte¡pÅ hgn XSbpI. F´n\v A\nÝnX Imet¯¡v sk{It«dnbäv D]tcm[n¡pI F¶Xphsc F{Xtbm {]mIrX kac§Ä \S¯n P\s¯ _p²nap«n¨hcpw Ct¸mÄ \ni_vZÀ. D]tcm[kacw ]mXnhgnbn Dt]£n¨p t]mbXpt]membn I½ojt\mSpÅ kao]\hpw. tImSnIÄ X«n F¶p {]Ncn¸n¨ncp¶ Hcp AgnaXnbpsS kXyw ]pd¯p sImWvSphcm³ C{Xbpw Pm{KX aXntbm cmjv{Sob¡mÀ¡v!

\m«pImcpsS \nIpXn¸Ww ]mgm¡m\pÅ \nch[n kÀ¡mÀ ]cn]mSnIfn H¶mWv PpUoj At\zjW¡½oj\pIÄ F¶v Bcpw ]ckyambn ]dbmdnsænepw AXmWv kXysa¶v BÀ¡mWv Adnbm¯Xv? tIcfw `cn¨ an¡hmdpw kÀ¡mdpIfpsS Ime¯v GsX¦nepw Hs¡ hnjbs¯¡pdn¨v DbÀ¶n«pÅ Bt£]§fpsS hmbS¸n¡m³ PpUoj At\zjW§Ä DWvSmbn«pWvSv. I½oj³ \ntbmKn¡s¸Sp¶tXmsS AXn\mbn kacw \S¯nbhÀ t]mepw A¡mcyw HmÀ¡mdnÃ. sXmSp\ymb§Ä ]dªv Ahsb Xnckv¡cn¡m³ t]mepw aSn¡mdnÃ. C\n dnt¸mÀ«pIÄ kaÀ¸n¨mtem AhsbÃmw s]mXp`cW hIp¸n kq£n¨phbv¡pw.

tIcfw ISp¯ km¼¯nI _p²nap«v A\p`hn¡p¶p F¶v hnizkn¡s¸Sp¶ C¡mes¯¦nepw C¯cw ]mgvs¨ehpIÄ Dt]£n¨p IqsS.

`cW¡mÀ¡p PpUoj I½oj³ ]mgvthebmsW¶p tXm¶msa¦nepw {]Xn]£¯mIp¶tXmsS AXnÃmsX ]äm¯ ØnXnbmhpw. Ipsd PUvPnamÀ¡p ]Wnbpw BIpw.


]pXnsbmcp ipNnXzkwkvImcw tIcf¯nepw cq]s¸SWw

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ipNnXzhgnbnse hn¹h Imlfw þ6 / Sn.F. tPmÀPv

hoSpIfn kz´ambn tSmbveäv CÃm¯XmWv D¯tc´ybnse {]iv\sa¦n tSmbveäpIfnÂ\ns¶mgpIn sk]vänIv Sm¦pIfn ASnbp¶ amen\yw krãn¡p¶ `ojWnbmWv tIcf¯nse {]iv\w. CþtSmbveäv hsc Øm]n¨p thdn« amXrIbmWp tIcfw apt¶m«phbv¡p¶sX¦nepw hoSpIfpw ^vfmäpIfpw A\pZn\w s]cpInhcp¶ kwØm\¯v amen\y{]iv\w Znhkw sNÃpt´mdpw cq£ambns¡mWvSncn¡p¶p. \½psS \ZnIfpw tXmSpIfpw ImbepIfpw X®oÀ¯S§fpsaÃmw C¶p aen\abamWv. a\pjyhnkÀPyw Iecp¶Xnsâ `mKambn Cu Pet{kmXkpIfn tImfnt^mw _mÎocnb \ndªncn¡p¶p. CXphgn hn«pamdm¯ tcmK§Ä \s½ Ae«p¶p. tIcf¯n C¶v h³\Kc§fn am{XaÃ, {Kma{]tZi§fnepw aen\oIcWw P\§fpsS sskzcPohnX¯n\pw BtcmKy¯n\pw ISp¯ `ojWnbmbn«pWvSv. amen\y\nÀamÀP\¯n\v thWvS{X ]cnKW\ e`n¡m¯XpsImWvSv ]ebnS¯pw P\§Ä {]t£m`¯n\pXs¶ \nÀ_ÔnXcmIp¶p. tcmK§Ä s]cpIpt¼mtgm {]Xntj[w cq£amIpt¼mtgm XmXvImenI \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¨v {]iv\]cnlmcw ImWp¶ coXnbmWv ImemIme§fmbn XpScp¶Xv. Cu {]iv\w ZoÀLho£Wt¯msS ]cnlcn¡pIbmWp thWvSXv.


tIcf hnIk\ amXrIbv¡p tIm«w

CXc kwØm\§fn \n¶pw hyXykvXamWp tIcf¯nsâ hnIk\ A\p`hw. tIcfw HgnsIbpÅ kwØm\§fn Hcp\Kcw Ignªm hnimeamb Irjn`qanIfpw s]mXpØe§fpapWvSv. AXp Ignªm {Kma§tfm sNdp]«W§tfm BWv. ChnS§fn amen\y kwkvIcWw Hcp {]iv\tabÃ. \Kc§Ä IgnªpÅ P\\n_nUaÃm¯ hnimeamb Øe§fn amen\yw kwkvIcn¡mw. CtXkabw tIcf¯n \Kc§fpw {Kma§fpw X½nepÅ A´cw t\cnbXmWv. \Kc§fpsS XpSÀ¨bmWv {Kma§sf¶p ]dbmw. Npcp¡¯n tIcfs¯ H¶msI Hcp \Kcsa¶p ]dbmw. C¯c¯n \Kc§fpw {Kma§fpw X½n henb hyXymktam Ahbv¡nSbn BĸmÀ¸nÃm¯ Øe§tfm CÃm¯ tIcf¯n amen\y\nt£]w {]iv\§Ä DWvSm¡p¶p. CXp IqSpX IqSpX cq£amIm\mWv km[yX. Cu {]iv\w AXnthK¯n ]cnlcnt¡WvSXp tIcf¯nsâ hfÀ¨bv¡pw BtcmKykwc£W¯n\pw AXy´mt]£nXamWv.


hr¯nbpÅ tSmbveäpIÄ Øm]n¡s¸SWw

\½psS tImÀ]tdj\pIfnepw ap\nkn¸menänIfnepw sNdp]«W§fnepw hr¯nbpÅ tSmbveäpIfpsS A]cym]vX henb {]iv\amWp krãn¡p¶Xv. ]pdt¼m¡pIfpw CShgnIfpw hnkÀP\tI{µ§fmbn amdp¶Xn\pÅ {][m\ ImcWanXmWv. sXmgn tXSn CXc kwØm\§fnÂ\n¶pw Bbnc¡W¡n\p t]cmWv Zn\w{]Xn kwØm\s¯¯p¶Xv. aXnbmb tSmbveäv kuIcy§fpsS A`mh¯n ChscÃmw s]mXpØes¯ B{ibn¡m³ \nÀ_ÔnXcmIp¶p. CXp ]cnlcn¡m³ IqSpX tSmbveäpIÄ Øm]nt¡WvSXpWvSv. \½psS tdmUpItfmSp tNÀ¶v CShn«v tSmbveäpIÄ \nÀan¨m P\§Ä¡v AXp hensbmcp BizmkamIpw. CXn\mbn k¶²kwLS\Isfbpw ¢_pIsfbpw kzImcyhyànIsfbpw D]tbmKs¸Sp¯Ww. tI{µ {]Xntcm[ hIp¸n\p IognepÅ KthjW Øm]\amb UnBÀUnH hnIkn¸ns¨Sp¯ At\tdm_nIv kwhn[m\¯nepÅ tSmbveäpIÄ \nÀan¨m amen\y{]iv\hpw ]cnlcn¡mw.


hntI{µoIrX amen\ykwkvIcW ]²XnIÄ thWw

tIcf¯nse amen\y{]iv\w ]cnlcn¡m³ hntI{µoIrX amen\ykwkvIcW]²XnIÄ \S¸m¡pIbmWp thWvSXv. amen\y§Ä DdhnS¯n¯s¶ kwkvIcn¡mhp¶ sNdpInS ¹mâpIÄ kvYm]n¡m³ IgnbWw. amen\y{]iv\w ]cnlcn¨nsæn tIcf¯nsâ km¼¯nI`{ZXsb¯s¶ _m[n¡pw. kwkvYm\ hcpam\¯n henb ]¦p hln¡p¶ hnt\mZk©mctaJebpsS ]ptcmKXn¡p amen\ykwkvIcWw \nÀWmbIamWv. P\§Ä amä§sf BZyw FXnÀ¡pI kzm`mhnIamWv. A¯cw FXnÀ¸pIÄ AXnPohn¡m\mIWw. amen\ykwkvIcW ¹mâpIÄ kvYm]n¡msX {]iv\w ]cnlcn¡m\mhnÃ.

tIcf¯n hncense®mhp¶ \Kc§fnse hfsc¡pd¨p `mK§fn am{Xta aen\Pehpw tSmbveäv amen\yhpw tiJcn¨p ssIImcyw sN¿p¶Xn\pÅ kothPv kwhn[m\apÅq. \ndªp InS¡p¶ sk]vänIv Sm¦v hr¯nbm¡p¶Xn\p ]Ww apS¡m³ aebmfn XbmdmWv. \ap¡v Ct¸mÄ CÃm¯Xv C§s\ tiJcn¡s¸Sp¶ aen\Pew ip²oIcn¡p¶Xn\pÅ kwhn[m\amWv. \Kck`Ifpw aäp Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§fpw a\kp h¨m CsXmcp Ahkcam¡n amämw.


At\tdm_nIv ssUsPj³ {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯Ww

{Zhamen\y§fpw tSmbveäv amen\y§fpw ssPh LSI§fm k¼pãamWv. Chsb kwkvIcn¡pI hgn {Zhamen\y ip²oIcW¯n Hcp henb IS¼ IS¡mw. At\tdm_nIv ssUsPj³ kwhn[m\w ChnsS {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯mw. (HmIvknP³ km¶n[yanÃmsX AXnPohn¡m³ Ignbp¶ _mÎocnbbmWv At\tdm_nIv _mÎocnb) UnBÀUnH hnIkn¸ns¨Sp¯ At\tdm_nIv kwhn[m\amWv Gähpw D¯aw. CXphgn ]pd¯p hcp¶ {Zhamen\ys¯ \nehnepÅ aäp kmt¦XnI hnZyIÄ D]tbmKn¨v ip²oIcn¡pIbpw sN¿mw. C§s\ e`n¡p¶ ip²oIcn¨ Pew IrjnbnS§fntem, \nÀamW taJebntem atäm D]tbmKn¡mw. DXv]mZn¸n¡s¸Sp¶ ssPhhmXIw DuÀP Bhiy§Ä¡pw ]mNI Bhiy¯n\pw D]tbmKn¡mw. {Zh amen\y ]cn]me\¯nsâ ^eambn sNdnb AfhnemsW¦nepw Jcamen\y§Ä Ahtijn¡pw. AhbpsS ]cntim[\ \S¯n cmk amen\y§Ä Csæn Iwt]mÌnt\m¸w hfambn tNÀ¡pItbm Asæn \nÀamW {]hÀ¯\§fn ^nÃÀ Bbn D]tbmKn¡pItbm sN¿mw. Ipdª aqe[\s¨ehv CXnsâ Hcp ta·bmWv. hnIknX cmPy§fnseÃmwXs¶ tSmbveäv amen\yw hmXIambpw ssPhhfambpw amäp¶ kwhn[m\amWp XpScp¶Xv.


hntZicmPy§fn amen\y§Ä hcpam\t{kmXkv

amen\y§Ä hcpam\t{kmXkv IqSnbmWv. BZyw \mw Nncn¡psa¦nepw CÑmiànbpsWvS¦n \sÃmcp hcpam\t{kmXkmbn amen\ys¯ amänsbSp¡mw. hntZicmPy§fnÂ, {]tXyIn¨v bqtdm]y³ cmPy§fn amen\y§Ä km¼¯nI hcpam\¯nsâ DdhnSamWv. ]e hnIknXcmPy§fnepw Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä amen\y¯n \n¶v hfhpw sshZypXnbpw DXv]mZn¸n¨v henb hcpam\amWp t\Sp¶Xv. kzoU\pw Atacn¡bpw {_n«\pamWv C¡mcy¯n ap¶nÂ. Jcamen\y§Ä hnhn[ coXnIfn kwkvIcn¡pt¼mÄ tSmbveäv amen\yw DdhnS¯nÂh¨pXs¶ At\tdm_nIv kwhn[m\¯neqsS Pehpw hmXIhpambn amäp¶p. tIcf¯nepw Cu kwhn[m\amWp thWvSXv. AXn\p iàamb kmt¦XnI ]n³_eapWvSmIWw. H¸w kÀ¡mcnsâ CÑmiànbpw P\§fpsS klIcWhpw thWw. ipNnXzw Dd¸phcp¯p¶Xn\mbn iàamb \nba§Ä sImWvSphcWw. H¸w P\§sf t_m[hXvIcn¡pIbpw thWw.

(Ahkm\n¨p)

amen\y\nÀamÀP\ cwK¯p temI¯n\p amXrIbmbn kzoU³

amen\ys¯ F§s\ hcpam\t{kmXkm¡msa¶p temIs¯ Im«ns¡mSp¡pIbmWp bqtdm]y³ cmPyamb kzoU³. cmPys¯ amen\y§sfÃmw hyXykvX coXnbn kwkvIcn¡s¸Sp¶p. ]IpXn amen\yw I¯n¨p sshZypXnbpWvSm¡pt¼mÄ Ahtijn¡p¶ amen\yw ]ehn[¯n ]p\ÀkwkvIcn¡s¸Sp¶p. cmPys¯ \mensem¶v DuÀP Bhiyhpw \ndthäs¸Sp¶Xv amen\y¯nÂ\n¶pWvSm¡p¶ sshZypXnsImWvSmWv. DuÀP Bhiy¯n\mbn CXc cmPy§fnÂ\n¶pw kzoU³ amen\yw Cd¡paXn sN¿p¶psWvS¶p ]dªm Bcpw hnizkn¡nÃ. F¶mÂ, kXyanXmWv. AbÂcmPy§fmb {_n«³, Cäen, t\mÀsh, AbÀe³Uv F¶o cmPy§fnÂ\n¶mbn {]XnhÀjw Ggp e£w S¬ amen\yamWv kzoU³ Cd¡paXn sN¿p¶Xv. aq¶p S¬ amen\y¯n Hcp S¬ DuÀPapsWvS¶mWv kzoU\nse {]apJ DuÀtPmXv]mZ\ I¼\nIfnsem¶mb HmÌÀtKmSvem³Unsâ hàmhv tKmdm³ kvsIm¥WvSv ]dbp¶Xv.

1975 38 iXam\w amen\yw am{Xta kwkvIcn¡s¸Sp¶pWvSmbncp¶pÅq. F¶mÂ, ]n¶oSv cmPyw amen\y\nÀamÀP\ cwK¯v hn¹hwXs¶ krãn¨p. C¶p cmPys¯ GsXmcp {]tZi¯pw 300 aoäÀ CShn«v amen\ykw`cW tI{µ§fpWvSv. Jcamen\y§fpw {Zhamen\y§fpw ¹mÌnIv amen\y§fpw kq£n¡m³ Hmtcm hoSpIfnepw {]tXyI IsWvSbv\dpIfpWvSv. ho«pImÀ Cu IsWvSbv\dpIfnse amen\yw kw`cWtI{µ§fnse¯n¡p¶p. Cu amen\y§Ä C³kn\tdj³ ¹mâpIfnse¯n¨p imkv{Xobambn I¯n¨mWv sshZypXn DXv]mZn¸n¡p¶Xv. 1904 tÌm¡vtlmanemWv BZy C³kn\tdj³ ¹mâv Øm]n¡p¶Xv. C¶p cmPy¯msI 32 h³InS C³kn\tdj³ ¹mâpIfpWvSvv. CXphgn cmPys¯ 25 e£w hoSpIfn sshZypXnsb¯p¶p.

C³kn\tdj³ ¹mâpIfnÂ\n¶papÅ ]pI ]cnØnXn{]iv\apWvSm¡p¶nsöXmWv asämcp khntijX. ss{U^nÂäÀ hgnbpw Peap]tbmKn¨pw ip²oIcn¨tijamWv Cu ]pI ]pd´Åp¶Xv. ¹mâpIfnse Nmcw ip²oIcn¨v cmPys¯ D]tbmKiq\yamb J\nIÄ aqSphm\pw \nÀamW{]hÀ¯\§fn ^nÃdmbpw D]tbmKn¡p¶p. DuÀP Bhiy¯n\mbn amen\yw I¯n¡p¶Xv imkv{Xobamb coXnbnembXn\m cmPys¯mcnS¯pw P\§fnÂ\n¶v FXnÀ¸n\nSbm¡p¶nÃ.

Imcy§Ä C§s\sbms¡bmsW¦nepw amen\yw Ipdbv¡m³ ]cky§fneqsS kÀ¡mÀ P\§sf t_m[hXvIcn¡p¶papWvSv. amen\y\nÀamÀP\¯n\v kÀ¡mÀ \S¯p¶ t]mcm«¯n\v cmPys¯ I¼\nIfpw ]n´pW \ÂIp¶p. DZmlcWambn ]dªm kzoU\nepÅ _lpcmjv{S hkv{X\nÀamW I¼\nbmb slt¶kv B³Uv audnävkv D]tbmKiq\yamb hkv{X§Ä P\§fnÂ\n¶pw tiJcn¡pIbpw ]Icw AhÀ¡v ]pXnb hkv{X§Ä hm§n¡p¶Xn\mbn dnt_äv Iq¸WpIÄ \ÂIpIbpw sN¿p¶p. ¹mÌnIv amen\y§Ä XcwXncn¡m³ {]apJ I¼\nbmb H]vän_mKv FÃm amen\ykw`cWtI{µ§fnepw sajo³ Øm]n¨n«pWvSv. cmPys¯ slÂknwKv_ÀKv t]mepÅ \Kc§fn kÖam¡nbn«pÅ s]mXp amen\ytiJcW tI{µ§fn P\§sf BIÀjn¡p¶Xn\mbn kZmkabhpw kwKoXhpapWvSv. tlmt¦mwKv XpS§n \nch[n cmPy§fn Ct¸mÄ kzoUsâ klmbt¯msS amen\y\nÀamÀP\, kwkvIcW ]²XnIÄ \S¸m¡nhcp¶pWvSv.

kzoU\nse \nba{]Imcw X§Ä hn¡p¶ DXv]¶¯nsâ D]tbmKtijapÅ tiJcW¯nsâbpw ]p\cp]tbmK¯nsâbpw ]p\ÀkwkvIcW¯nsâbpw \nÀamÀP\¯nsâbpsaÃmw D¯chmZn¯w AXXv I¼\nIÄ¡mWv. DZmlcWambn ]dªmÂ, IpSnshÅ I¼\n Hcp Ip¸n IpSnshÅw hn¡pt¼mÄ D]tbmKtijapÅ B Ip¸n tiJcn¡p¶Xnt\m \nÀamÀP\w sN¿p¶Xnt\m Bhiyamb ]Ww \ÂtIWvSXpWvSv. 1990 Cu \nbaw \nehnÂh¶tXmsS I¼\nIsfÃmw X§Ä ]pd¯nd¡p¶ DXv]¶§sf¡pdn¨pw Ah ]cnØnXn¡pWvSm¡ntb¡mhp¶ `ojWnsb¡pdn¨pw t_m[hm·mcmWv. amen\yw Ipdbv¡pI, ]p\cp]tbmKn¡pI, ]p\ÀkwkvIcn¡pI, DuÀP t{kmXkm¡pI, \nÀamÀP\w sN¿pI F¶nhbn A[njvTnXamWv kzoUnjv kÀ¡mcnsâ amen\y\bw. tSmbveäv amen\yw DdhnS¯n¯s¶ hmXIambpw ssPhhfambpw amäp¶ kwhn[m\amWv cmPy¯pÅXv.

temI¯nse amen\y§fn 40 iXam\hpw I¯n¨pIfbpIbmWv sN¿p¶Xv. CXneqsS Dbcp¶ ]pI A´co£¯nepWvSm¡p¶ aen\oIcWw AXohKpcpXcamWv. F¶mÂ, kzoU\nteXpt]mse ]pIbpw ip²oIcn¨p ]pd´Åp¶ kwhn[m\w temIsa§pw \nehnÂh¶ncps¶¦n \½psS ]cnØnXnaen\oIcWw Hcp ]cn[nhsc XSbmhp¶XmWv. amen\y\nÀamÀP\¯n temI¯v C¶p kzoU³ H¶mwØm\¯p \n¡p¶psWvS¦n AXp s]s«¶pWvSmb Hcp amäaÃ. 1970  kmh[m\w XpS§nb Hcp hn¹hamWv. iàamb \nba§fpWvSm¡nbt¸mÄ P\§fpw I¼\nIfpw AX\pkcn¡m³ \nÀ_ÔnXcmbn.


am\w sXfnªp {_n«³

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tUm. kt´mjv amXyp thc\m\n

{_n«\pambpÅ 307 hÀjs¯ _Ôw XpScpsa¶p kvtIm«njv P\Xbn 55 iXam\w A`n{]mbs¸«tXmsS FXm\pw \mfpIfmbn ]ivNnabqtdm¸n DcpWvSpIqSnbncp¶ ImÀtaL§Ä \o§pIbmWv. {_n«sâ `mKambn XpSctWm F¶p Xocpam\n¡m\mbn kvtImSve³Un \S¶ lnX]cntim[\bn 43 e£w thm«Àamcn 97% t]cpw k½XnZm\mhImiw hn\ntbmKn¨p. C¶se ^ew h¶t¸mÄ sXfnªXv 45% BfpIÄ am{Xta kvtIm«njv kzmX{´y¯n\mbn \nebpd¸n¨n«pÅq F¶mWv. \oWvS 307 hÀjs¯ _Ôw Cw¥WvSpw shbnÂkpw hS¡³ AbÀe³Upsams¡bmbn kvtIm«ve³Uv XpScpsa¶mWp d^dWvSw \evIp¶ hn[n.

ImentUmWnb F¶p {]mNo\Ime¯v Adnbs¸«ncp¶ kvtImSve³Unsâ B[p\nINcn{Xw 1314se _ms\mIvt_m¬ bp²hnPbt¯msSbmWv Bcw`n¡p¶Xv. H¶mw kvtIm«njv kzmX{´ykacw F¶ t]cnÂIqSn Adnbs¸Sp¶ _ms\mIvt_m¬ bp²¯n Cw¥WvSns\ \new]cnim¡n kvtImSve³Uv t\Snb hnPbw Ct¸mgpw kvtIm«njv P\XbpsS tZiob hnImcamWv. XpSÀ¶v 1707 hscbpÅ Ncn{Xw bp²§fptSXpIqSnbmWv. t{Käv {_n«sâ Gähpw hS¡p`mK¯pÅ kvtImSve³Uv 1707 am{XamWv B cmPy¯nsâ `mKambXv.

Cw¥WvSpw shbnÂkpw hS¡³ AbÀe³Upsams¡ tNÀ¶ bpssWäUv InwKvUw F¶ {_n«³ Hcp UobpssWäUv InwKvUw BIptam F¶pt]mepw d^dWvS¯nsâ hnhn[ L«§fn `bs¸«ncp¶p. GXmbmepw d^dWvS¯nsâ A\pcW\§Ä kvtImSve³Upw IS¶v shbnÂknte¡pw am©ÌÀ \Kc¯nte¡psams¡ hym]n¨ncn¡p¶p. IqSpX kzbw`cWw F¶ Bhiyw ChscÃmw DbÀ¯n¡gnªp.

`mjm]cambpw kmwkvImcnIambpw aX]cambpw cmjv{Sobambpw Ht«sd sshPmXy§Ä \ndª bpsIbnÂ\n¶p kvtImSve³Uv thdn«p \n¡Wsa¶ hmZ¯n\p \qämWvSpIfpsS ]g¡apWvSv. 1999 \S¶ d^dWvS¯neqsS {]tXyI ]mÀesaâv kvtIm«njv P\X t\SnsbSp¯ncp¶p. FUn³_d tI{µambpÅ kvtIm«njv ]mÀesaânte¡p `qcn]£w AwK§fpsSbpw A`n{]mbw kvtImSve³Uv Hcp ]cam[nImc cmPyambn¯ocWsa¶p Xs¶bmbncp¶p.

kvtIm«njv {]hniy temI¯n\p k½m\n¨ {]Xn`IÄ¡p hyXykvX A`n{]mb§Ä C¡mcy¯nepWvSmbncp¶p. sSent^m¬ IWvSp]nSn¨ {Klmw s_Ãpw sSenhnjsâ D]ÚmXmhmb tPm¬ temKn s_bÀUpw C³kpensâ {]tbmàmhmb AeIvkmWvSÀ ^vsfanwKpsams¡ kvtIm«njv hwiPcmWv. {_n«ojv ]mÀesaânte¡p te_À ]mÀ«n¡v Gähpw IqSpX AwK§sf \ÂIp¶ {]hniy F¶ \nebv¡v kvtImSve³Unse d^dWvSw {]XnIqeambncps¶¦n AXp h³ {]XymLmX§Ä DWvSm¡pambncp¶p. te_À ]mÀ«n t\Xmhpw ap³ {][m\a{´nbpw kvtIm«njv hwiP\pamb tKmÀU³ {_u¬ AS¡apÅhÀ Acbpw Xebpw apdp¡n t\m Imws]bv\n\p ap¶n«nd§nbXpw shdpsXbÃ.

bpsIbpsS hnkvXrXnbpsS aq¶nsem¶p hcp¶ kvtImSve³Uv hn«pt]mIptam F¶ `oXn XXvImew Ahkm\ns¨¦nepw AkzØXbpsS ]pI]Se§Ä DSs\sbm¶pw AS§nÃ. ImcWw, IqSpX kzbw`cWw AhImis¸Sp¶ hensbmcp hn`mK¯nsâ km¶n[ywXs¶. {_n«ojv P\kwJybpsS Bdnsemt¶mfw hcp¶ kvtIm«njv P\X X§fpsS KXIme {]Xm]¯nte¡p Xncn¨pt]mIm³ B{Kln¡p¶hcmWv. a[yiXI§fn kzX{´ycmPyambncp¶ kvtImSve³Uv X§sf IogS¡m³ {ian¡p¶ Cw¥ojpImtcmSp t]mcmSnbncp¶ hensbmcp Ncn{Xw Abhnd¡p¶p. km¼¯nI AkaXz§fpw kvtIm«njv hwiPsc AkzØcm¡mdpWvSv. hS¡³ ISense F®J\\¯nsâ 90 iXam\w kvtIm«njv Xoc¯p\n¶mWv. F¶mÂ, hcpam\¯nsâ knwl`mKhpw t]mIp¶Xv Cw¥WvSnte¡pw.

tZiobX Bfn¡¯n¡p¶ kvtIm«njv \mjWenÌv ]mÀ«nbpw AXnsâ t\Xmhv AeIvkv kmÂaWvSpsams¡ km¼¯nI AkaXz§fpw t{Käv {_n«sâ `oaamb IS¯nsâ hoXwhbv¡epsams¡bmWp {]NmcWmbp[am¡nbXv. 140 tImSn ]uWvSnsâ IS_m[yX P\kwJym\p]mXnIambn hoXwhbv¡Wsa¶ kvtIm«njv hmZnIfpsS \nÀtZi¯n\p henb ]n´pWbpw e`n¡pIbpWvSmbn. ImcWw, tIhew 53 e£w P\kwJybpÅ kvtImSve³Upw 6.5 tImSntbmSSp¯p hcp¶ Cw¥WvSpw X½n P\kwJybnepÅ A´cwXs¶. F¶mÂ, ]uWvSnsâ AhImiw \ntj[n¡psa¶pw bqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ AwKXzw \ntj[n¡s¸Spsa¶pw cmPys¯ henb [\Imcy Øm]\§fpsS Hm^okpIÄ eWvS\nte¡p amäpsa¶psams¡bpÅ `ojWnIÄ thm«Àamsc kzm[o\n¨psh¶p thWw IcpXm³.

GXmbmepw temIw `bs¸SpItbm {]Xo£n¡pItbm sNbvXXpt]mse bqtdm¸n ]pXnb cmPyw ]nd¶nÃ. kvtIm«njv kzmX{´yhmZw XXvImew AS§nsb¦nepw temIs¯§pw AkzØ hn`mK§Ä kzbw`cW¯n\mbn Xes]m¡p¶p F¶XmWv A\´c^ew. kvs]bn\nÂ\n¶v Iäme³ {]hniy IqSpX kzbw`cWw Bhiys¸«pIgnªp. kvs]bn\nseXs¶ _mkvIv hwiPcpw {]tXyI cmPy¯n\mbn apdhnfn Iq«p¶p. s_ÂPnb¯nse U¨v kwkmcn¡p¶hcmb ^vfm³tUgvkpw kzmX{´yhmZw DbÀ¯p¶pWvSv. Cäenbnse t\mÀt¯¬ eoKv ]Um\nb F¶ Xo{h tZiobhmZnIfpw AhcpsS {]hniy¡p kzbw`cW¯n\mbpÅ apdhnfnbnemWv. tamÄtUmh, bps{Ibv³, emXvhnb, FkvtXmWnb F¶nhnS§fnse djy³ hwiPÀ ISp¯ AhKW\ A\p`hn¡p¶hcmWv. Ahcpw djy³ s^Utdjs\ Iq«p]nSn¨v kzmX{´yhmZw DbÀ¯p¶Xnsâ DZmlcWamWp bps{Ibv\nse Ct¸mgs¯ {]XnkÔn.

GXmbmepw {_n«ojv k¼ZvhyhØbpsSbpw ]uWvSnsâbpw \ne\nÂ]ns\¯s¶ tNmZywsNbvtX¡mambncp¶ {]XnkÔn Hgnªpt]mbXnsâ Bizmk¯nemWp {_n«ojv P\X. {_n«ojv {][m\a{´n tUhnUv ImatdmWn\pw {]Xn]£t\Xmhv anen_m³Un\pw, D]{][m\a{´nbpw en_d sUtam{Imäv t\Xmhpamb \nIv s¢Kn\pw {_n«ojv cmÚnbpsS AÀYKÀ`amb au\¯n\psams¡ Cu d^dWvS¯nsâ hnPbw AhImis¸Smw. d^dWvSw kzmX{´y¯n\v A\pIqeambncps¶¦n 2016 amÀ¨v 24\p ]pXnsbmcp cmPy¯nsâ DZb¯n\p temIw km£ywhlnt¡WvSnhcpambncp¶p.

GXmbmepw bqtdm¸ns\ BsI¯s¶ AkzØXbnte¡p XÅnbnt«¡mambncp¶ Ccp{]tZi§fpw X½nepÅ F®hcpam\s¯¡pdn¨pÅ Bi¦IÄ, ]uWvSnsâ `mhn, tZiob ISw hoXwhbv]v, bqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ AwKXzw ChsbÃmw ]d¶I¶ncn¡pIbmWv.

{_n«ojv k¼ZvhyhØbpsS \s«Ãmb tdmb _m¦v Hm^v kvtImSve³Uv, Ìm³UmÀUv sse^v, tembvUvkv _m¦nwKv {Kq¸v ChsbÃmw amµyw hn«pWcpw. kvtIm«njv t\Xmhv AeIvkmWvSÀ kmÂaWvSn\p hyàn]cambpw Xncn¨Snbmb d^dWvS¯nsâ hnPbw apJy[mcm am[ya§fptSXpIqSnbmWv. {_n«ojv A\pIqe \ne]msSSp¯p s_äÀ SpKZÀ hmZnIfpsS IqsSbmbncp¶p am[yatemIw H¶S¦w. kzmX{´yhmZw ASsª¦nepw \nIpXn, kmaqlnIt£aw, hcpam\hnXcWw XpS§nb Imcy§fn IqSpX kzbw`cWw kvtImSve³Un\p e`nt¨¡mw.

(t]mWvSnt¨cn sk³{S bqWnthgvknän skâÀ t^mÀ ku¯v Gjy³ ÌUokn AknÌâv {]^kdmWp teJI³)


hogvNIÄ, t]mcmbvaIÄ

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tPm¬k¬ s\mtdmW / ]mS§fn I®oÀag s]¿pt¼mÄþ6

Ip«\mSv ]mt¡Pnse BsI ]²Xn XpI 1840.75 tImSn. CXn 1518.50 tImSn(]²XnbpsS 82 iXam\w) hIbncp¸v hcp¶ ]²Xn \S¸mt¡WvSXp PetkN\ hIp¸mbXn\m {][m\ ]¦v hIp¸n\pWvSmbncp¶p. F¶mÂ, Imcy£aambn \S¸n hcp¯p¶Xn\p sNbvXpXoÀt¡WvS ]WnIÄ \nÀWbn¡pItbm kab ¢n]vXX \nÝbn¡pItbm sN¿p¶ ka{K cq]tcJ Xbmdm¡nbncp¶nÃ. PetkN\ hIp¸n\p am{Xambn Ip«\mSv ]mt¡Pv No^v F³Pn\nbÀ Xeh\mbpÅ Hcp {]tXyI hn`mKw cq]hXvIcn¨ncp¶p. Ct±ls¯ klmbn¡m³ 371 DtZymKØcpsS kwLhpw DWvSmbncp¶p.

1. Un]nBdpIfpsS ImeXmakhpw ^WvSnwKv AhyàXbpw

PetkN\ hIp¸v Xbmdm¡nb Un]nBÀ A\pkcn¨p ]²Xn XpI 3804.65 tImSnbmbncp¶p. F¶mÂ, \nÀWbn¨ ]²Xn¡pthWvSn hIbncp¯nbncp¶Xv 1518.50 tImSnbpw. AXmbXv 151 iXam\w hÀ[\bmWp Un]nBdn ImWn¨Xv. Un]nBdpIÄ kaÀ¸n¡p¶Xnepw tI{µkÀ¡mcnÂ\n¶v AwKoImcw e`n¡p¶Xnepw sS³UÀ hnfn¡p¶Xnepw h¶ ImeXmakamWp ]²Xn XpIbn henb hÀ[\bpWvSmIm³ ImcWambXv. ^WvSnwKv AhyàXbpw kwLS\m]camb AwKoImcw e`n¡m\pÅXnsâ ImeXmakhpw asämcp ImcWambncp¶p. Irjn hIp¸v Xbmdm¡nb Un]nBdpIÄ shÅs¸m¡ ]cn]me\ ]cn]mSnIfpsS amÀK\nÀtZiI tcJIfpambn tNÀ¶p t]mIp¶hbÃm¯Xn\m 2008 Unkw_dn tI{µkÀ¡mÀ XÅn¡fªp. XXv^eambn PetkN\ hIp¸n Un]nBdpIÄ ]pXp¡n Xbmdm¡p¶Xn\p Hcp \nbpà kwLw cq]hXvIcn¡pIbpw AhÀ BZy Un]nBÀ Xbmdm¡m³ Xs¶ H¼Xpamkw FSp¡pIbpw sNbvXp. IqSmsX 2010 PetkN\ hIp¸v 631.90 tImSn Fkväntaäv XpI hcp¶ cWvSp Un]nBdpIÄ kaÀ¸n¨Xv 11þmw ]²XnbpsS Imemh[n¡¸pd¯mbncp¶p.

11þmw ]²Xn Imemh[nbn 176.13 tImSnbpsS Un]nBdpIÄ kÀ¡mÀ `mKnIambn AwKoIcn¨p. 451.31 tImSn XpI hcp¶ Un]nBdpIfpsS AwKoIcn¡m¯ `mKw tI{µkÀ¡mÀ hlnt¡WvSn hcp¶Xn tI{µ¯nsâ ]¦mb 338.48 tImSn(75iXam\w) DÄs¸Sp¶p. shÅs¸m¡ ]cn]me\ ]cn]mSnbpsS amÀK\nÀtZiI§Ä hyàambn 11þmw ]²Xnbn am{Xta {]mtbmKnIam¡m³ Ignbq F¶p {]kvXmhn¨n«pÅXn\m ]mt¡Pn\p tI{µkÀ¡mÀ AwKoImcw e`n¡m³thWvSn AXnthKw Un]nBdpIÄ Xbmdmt¡WvSXmbncp¶p. shÅs¸m¡ ]cn]me\ ]²Xn{]ImcapÅ klmbw e`n¡p¶Xn\p 2978.05 tImSnbpsS A©p Un]nBdpIÄ Xbmdm¡nbXv AwKoImcw e`n¡msX _m¡nbmbn. CXnembncp¶p {][m\ ]²XnIfmb X®oÀap¡w _WvSv, tXm«¸Ån kv]nÂth F¶nhbpsS \hoIcW {]hÀ¯\§fpsS Un]nBdpw DÄs¸«ncp¶Xv. ]mt¡Pv Imemh[n Ignªncp¶psh¶pw ]t£ A\phZn¨ ]²XnIfpsS \S¯n¸v XpScmw F¶pw tI{µkÀ¡mÀ 2013 G{]nen kwØm\ kÀ¡mcns\ Adnbn¨ncp¶p. XXv^eambn Un]nBdpIÄ Xbmdm¡p¶Xnse ImeXmakw ImcWw in]mÀi sNbvX ]²XnIÄ ]cn]qÀWam¡m³ tI{µkÀ¡mcn\p 2233.54 tImSn(2978.05 tImSnbpsS 75 iXam\w) bpsS A[nI `mcw GÂt¡WvSn h¶Xmbpw knFPn dnt¸mÀ«n ]cmaÀin¡p¶p.

2. ]pdw_WvSnsâ Dbcw sXämbn \nÀWbn¨p

]¯phÀjs¯ shÅs¸m¡ Afhnsâ icmicn IW¡nseSp¯mWp ]pdw_WvSp \nÀant¡WvSnbncp¶Xv. F¶mÂ, 25 hÀjs¯ shÅs¸m¡¯nsâ icmicn IW¡nseSp¯v _WvSnsâ Dbcw \nÀWbn¨Xpaqew sNehp IqSn. kzman\mY³ I½oj³ in]mÀi sNbvX _WvSnsâ Dbcw ^vfUv ]vsfbn³ Ipdbp¶XpsImWvSpÅ {]XnIqe ]mcnØnXnI BLmX¯nsâ {]iv\§Ä Hgnhm¡p¶Xn\mbncp¶p. s\¸mS§Ä DÄs¸Sp¶ Ip«\mSnsâ NXp¸p {]tZi§Ä shÅs¸m¡w Ipdbv¡pI F¶ {][m\s¸« tkh\w \nÀhln¡p¶Xn\m in]mÀi sNbvXXnt\¡mÄ IqSpX Dbc¯n ]pdw_WvSp \nÀan¡p¶Xv Bhmk{]tZi§fn shÅs¸m¡w DWvSm¡p¶Xn\nSbm¡pw. I½ojsâ \nÀtZi§Ä¡p hncp²ambpÅ PetkN\hIp¸nsâ Xocpam\w ImcWw Ip«\mSv {]tZis¯ ]mStiJc§Ä ^vfUv s¹bn\pIfmbn D]tbmKn¡p¶Xn\pÅ e£yw ]cmPbs¸«p.

3. ssPh_WvSnwKn\p ]Icw XqWpIfpw Ém_pIfpw

]pdw_WvSnsâ Pew A`napJoIcn¡p¶ `mK§Ä kwc£n¡p¶Xn\mbn ssPh_WvSnwKnt\msSm¸w I«nbmb Ifna®v D]tbmKn¡phm\pw Dd¸v \nÀWmbIamb `mK§fn sN¯m¯ IÃv sImWvSp I¸Wn sN¿m\pamWp I½ojsâ \nÀtZiw DWvSmbncp¶Xv. F¶mÂ, PetkN\ hIp¸v hneIqSnb do C³t^mgvkvsaâv knaâv tIm¬{Ioäv D]tbmKn¨p XqWpw Ém_pw sImWvSpÅ kwc£W `n¯nbmWv D]tbmKn¨Xv. I«nbmb Ifna®psImWvSpWvSm¡nb {]IrXnZ¯amb _WvSv XSmI¯nse kkyP´pPme§Ä¡v Gähpw A\ptbmPyamsW¶p IpacIw doPW A{KnIĨd dnkÀ¨v tÌj³ Atkmkntbäv UbdÎÀ Hm^v dnkÀ¨v A`n{]mbs¸«ncp¶p. {]IrXnZ¯amb ]cp¡³ hkvXp¡fnepw BganÃm¯ Pe¯nse sNdnb sNSnIfnepamWp IqSpX aÕy_Ô\w \S¯p¶ Icnao³ DÄs¸sSbpÅ ao\pIÄ ap« \nt£]n¡p¶Xpw `£Ww Ign¡p¶Xpw F¶pwIqSn CXn {]kvXmhn¨ncp¶p. A§s\ XqWpIfpw Ém_pIfpw \nÀan¨p _WvSp kwc£n¡phm\pÅ Xocpam\w ]²Xn \S¯n¸nsâ apJy BhiywXs¶ ]cmPbs¸«p.

Ahkm\w DtZymKØÀ k½Xn¨p; A_²w ]än

dmWn, Nn¯nc ImbÂ\ne§fn _WvSp \nÀan¨Xv A\mhiyambncp¶psh¶pw AsXmcp A_²ambncps¶¶pw Ahkm\w PetkN\hIp¸nsâ DtZymKØÀ k½Xn¨p. ]t£, At¸mtg¡pw tImSnIÄ shůn HgpInt¸mbncp¶p. {UUvPnwKneqsS ZpÀhn\ntbmKw sNbvXXn\m hÀj§fmbn Dt]£n¡s¸«Xpw s\ÂIrjn¡p A\ptbmPyaÃmsXbpw InS¶ 402 slÎÀ DÄs¡mÅp¶ dmWnbnepw Nn¯ncbnepw ]pdsabpÅ _WvSv iàns¸Sp¯p¶ tPmen \S¸m¡n. F¶mÂ, ]qÀ¯nbmbnÃ. 17.31 tImSn CXn\mbn sNehm¡nbn«pw {]tbmP\apWvSmbnÃ. ChnSw s\ÂIrjn¡v A\ptbmPyasöpapÅ hkvXpX a\knem¡nbn«pw PetkN\hIp¸v Cu tPmen¡p ap³KW\ \evIn GsäSp¡pIbmbncp¶p. CXpambn _Ôs¸«v 2009apX 2013 hscbpÅ Imebfhn _WvSv s]m«n Irjn\miw kw`hn¨Xn\m IÀjIÀ¡v 13.34 tImSnbpsS \ã]cnlmcw \evtIWvSn h¶p. CtX Imebfhn Be¸pg,tIm«bw PnÃIfn _WvSv s]m«nbXp t\scbm¡m³ 1.16 tImSn sNehmt¡WvSn h¶p.






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