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shfn¨w ]IÀ¶ PohnXw

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ImcpWy¯nsâ a\pjycq]w/ skÀPn BâWnþ2

aaZÀ sXtcksb¡pdn¨p \ho³ Nufbpambn tNÀ¶p ]pkvXIw cNn¨ hn{ipX t^mt«m{K^À cLpdmbn aZdnsâ PohnX¯nse AhnkvacWobamb ]e aplqÀ¯§fpw AXnat\mlcambn ]IÀ¯nbn«pWvSv. aZdnsâ tkh\taJebnse B A]qÀh Zriy§fneqsS IS¶pt]mIp¶hÀ¡p \nÀaeamb B PohnX¯nsâ kPohNn{Xw ImWm\mhpw.

ZoÀLImeambn aZdns\ ASp¯dnbmhp¶ Bsf¶ \nebn aZdpsam¯p sNehgn¨ A]qÀh \nanj§sf¡pdn¨v Fs´¦nepw ]dbmtam F¶p cLpdmbnbpambn A`napJw \S¯nb A\ncp² _lm Hcn¡Â tNmZn¨p. tIm¡¯bn h¨pWvSmb Hcp kw`hw cLpdmbn At±lt¯mSp hniZoIcn¨p.

tIm¡¯bn anj\dokv Hm^v NmcnänbpsS Hcp hr²kZ\¯n Nn{Xw FSp¡pIbmbncp¶p cLpdmbn. A¶p aZÀ AhnsS DWvSmbncp¶p. [\mVy\mb Hcp kznkv _m¦À aZdns\ ImWm³ AhnsS F¯n. ]W¡mcsâ FÃm PmSbpw Abmfn \ngen¨ncp¶p. “""F\n¡v [mcmfw ]WapWvSv. Ipsd hr²kZ\§Ä \nÀan¡p¶Xn\v F\n¡p \n§sf klmbn¡Wsa¶pWvSv.''’ AbmÄ aZdnt\mSp ]dªp. Xsâ ]Ws¡mgp¸ns\¡pdn¨pw AbmÄ Fs´ms¡tbm ]dbp¶pWvSmbncp¶p. aZÀ kzXkn²amb im´XtbmsS AsXÃmw tI«p. F¶n«p ]dªp, “""Fsâ cmPys¯ P\§Ä Imcy§Ä \¶mbn apt¶m«p sImWvSpt]mIm\pÅ ]Ww F\n¡p Xcp¶pWvSv. \n§Ä \n§fpsS cmPys¯ hr²À¡pthWvSn Fs´¦nepw sN¿p¶Xmbncn¡pw \ÃXv.''’’ Xs¶ A`nam\`cnX\m¡nb C¯csamcp adp]Sn Hcp C´ym¡mc\nÂ\n¶pw CtXhsc tIÄ¡m³ Ignªn«nà F¶mWp cLpdmbn CsX¡pdn¨p ]dªXv.

aZÀ sXtckbpsS D]hn{]hÀ¯\§sf¡pdn¨v Cu Znhk§fn \ninX hnaÀi\w Agn¨phnSp¶hÀ C¯cw \nch[n kw`h§Ä C\nbpw tIÄ¡m\pWvSv. Ct¸mgs¯ hnaÀi\§Ä aZÀ sXtck AÀln¡p¶XmsW¶phsc ]dªphbv¡p¶hÀ kXy¯n\pt\tc apJw Xncn¡p¶psht¶ ]dbm\mhq. aZÀ sXtckbpsS hm¡pw {]hr¯nbpw {InkvXpaX {]NmcW¯n\mbncp¶psh¶p hmZn¡p¶hÀ aZdnse AXy]qÀhamb am\pjnIapJw ImWm¯hcmWv.

“h¯n¡msâ Iqens¯mgnemfn’ F¶pt]mepw NneÀ aZdns\ ]cnlkn¨n«pWvSv. CsXm¶pw aZdnsâtbm aZÀ XpS§nh¨ \nkvXpeamb tkh\¯nsâ ]mX ]n´pScp¶ anj\dokv Hm^v NmcnänbpsStbm PohImcpWy {]hÀ¯\ hgnIfn bmsXmcp XSkhpw krjvSn¨n«nÃ. IqSpX BÀPht¯msS D]hn {]hÀ¯\§fn FÀs¸Sm\pÅ Icp¯v k¼mZn¡pIbmWv D]hnbpsS ktlmZcnIÄ C¶pw.

aZÀ bYmÀY {InkvXpinjybmbncp¶p. Xm³ A§s\bmIm³ B{Kln¡p¶psh¶p aZÀ ]eh«w ]dªn«pWvSv. ImcWw {InkvXp ImWn¨pX¶ ImcpWy¯nsâbpw kvt\l¯nsâbpw al\ob amXrI ]n´pScpIbmWp aZÀ sNbvXXv. AXpsImWvSv AhÀ hnaÀiIÀ Dt±in¡p¶ Xc¯n aX]cnhÀ¯\w \S¯p¶ {InkvXpaX {]NmcIbmhp¶sX§s\? Xm³ ip{iqjn¨ Hcp hyànbt¸mepw aZÀ {InkvXpaX¯nte¡p tNÀ¯n«nÃ. A¯csamcp kw`hsa¦nepw NqWvSn¡m«m³ Ct¸mÄ hnaÀi\ImlfapbÀ¯p¶ HcmÄ¡pt]mepw km[n¨n«panÃ.

acWt¯mSp aÃn«p sXcphn Ignbp¶hÀ¡pw ]nd¶]mtS Ip¸s¯m«nbn Dt]£n¡s¸« ]n©pIpªp§Ä¡pw B{ibacpfpt¼mÄ Ahsc {InkvXpaX¯n tNÀ¡Wsa¶ Dt±iyambncp¶p DÅsX¶v F§s\bmWp ]dbm\mhpI? aZÀ sXtckbpsS {]hÀ¯\§Ä shdpw aX{]hÀ¯\w am{Xambn ImWp¶hcpsS I®n am{Xaà a\knepw Iqcncp«mWpÅXv.

aZÀ sN¿p¶ \·bpsS t]cn Bsc¦nepw {InkvXphns\ CjvSs¸«m AXp aZdnsâ IpäamtWm? {InkvXphnsâ kvt\lamWp Xm³ aäpÅhÀ¡p ]IÀ¶psImSp¡m³ {ian¡p¶sX¶p aZÀ ]dbpt¼mÄ AXp kzoIcn¡p¶hÀ {InkvXphns\ ImWp¶Xp aZdneqsSbmhmw. AXp aZdnsâ tkh\¯n\pÅ AwKoImcambn ImWm\pÅ lrZbhnimeXbmWp thWvSXv. ImcpWy{]hr¯n sN¿m³ t{]cn¸n¡p¶ ssZhs¯ Bsc¦nepw IsWvS¯nbm AXn\v BscbmWp Ipäs¸Sp¯m\mhpI?

Rm³ temI¯nsâ shfn¨amIp¶psh¶p ]dª {InkvXp B shfn¨w ]IÀ¶psImSp¡m³ Bhiys¸«X\pkcn¨p Pohn¨ Hcp hyàn {InkvXphns\ aäpÅhÀ¡p ImWn¨psImSp¡pt¼mÄ B shfn¨¯nte¡pÅ BIÀjWw kzm`mhnIw am{Xw. {InkvXphns\t¸msebpÅ {InkvXym\nsb ImWm\nsömbncp¶p almßmKmÔnbpsS ZpxJw. AXns\ {InkvXym\nIÄs¡Xncmb \ne]mSmbn Nn{XoIcn¨hcpWvSv. aZÀ sXtckbpw ]et¸mgpw C¡mcyw ]dªn«pWvSv, {InkvXphns\t¸mse Pohn¡Wsa¶v. AhÀ AXn\p {ian¨p. ]qÀWambn hnPbn¨psh¶p aZÀ Hcn¡epw AhImis¸«n«nÃ. ]t£, aZdnsâ PohnXhpw {]hr¯nIfpw IWvShÀ {InkvXphns\ Ahcn IWvSp.

aZÀ tIm¡¯bn Xsâ PohImcpWy {]hÀ¯\§Ä Bcw`n¡p¶ Ime¯p NnecnÂ\n¶p ISp¯ `ojWnIÄ t\cntSWvSnh¶n«pWvSv. acWmk¶À¡pw Dt]£n¡s¸«hÀ¡pambn aZÀ Øm]n¨ \nÀa lrZbv tIm¡¯bnse {]kn²amb ImfnL«v t£{X¯nÂ\n¶v Gsd AIsebmbncp¶nÃ. aZdnsâ A´y\nanj§Ä¡p thZnbmb hpUvem³Uvkv ¢n\n¡n\v A[nIw AIsebÃmsX ]cnanX kuIcy§Ä am{XapÅ Hcp CS¯nembncp¶p A¼XpIfpsS Bcw`¯n aZÀ Xsâ {]hÀ¯\§fpsS XpS¡w Ipdn¨Xv.

1952se Hcp th\¡mew. CSbvs¡t¸mtgm s]bvsXmcp th\Âag sXcphpIsf IqSpX hr¯nlo\am¡n. knÌÀ sXtck F¶ bph I\ymkv{Xo Xsâ B{ia¯nte¡p \S¶pt]mhpIbmWv. hgnbn InS¶ F´ntem X«n sXtck knÌÀ apt¶mt«s¡m¶v Bªp, hoWnÃ. sXtck knÌÀ Xncnªpt\m¡n. Hcp kv{Xo hgnbn InS¡pIbmWv. acWthZ\sImWvSp ]pfbpIbmWhÀ. \nklmbXtbmsS B kv{Xosb Xm§nsbSp¯ sXtckbv¡v AhÀ acW¯nte¡p hgpXnhogp¶Xp IWvSp\n¡mt\ IgnªpÅq.

Cu kw`hw sXtck knÌdnsâ a\kns\ aYn¨p. a\pjyÀ C§s\ sXcphn A\mYcmbn acn¨phogm³ ]mSnsöv AhÀ \nÝbn¨p. acn¡p¶hÀ¡p am\yamsbmcp acW¯ns\¦nepw AÀlXbntÃsb¶ Nn´ sXtcksb Ae«n.

ASps¯mcp Zn\w knÌÀ sXtck AhnSps¯ \Kck`bnse¯n. acWmk¶sc ip{iqjn¡m³ Hcp Øew thWsa¶v Bhiys¸«p. ASp¯pÅ Imfnt£{X¯n hcp¶hÀ¡p hn{ia¯n\mbn \nÀan¨ Hcp sI«nSw knÌdn\p hn«psImSp¡m³ Iu¬kn Xbmdmbn. tIm¡¯bnse A\mYa\pjyÀ ]ecpw Ahkm\w F¯nbncp¶ Øeambncp¶p AXv. acn¨m t£{X¯n\p kao]w ihZmlw \S¡patÃm F¶Xp am{Xambncp¶p AhcpsS Bizmkw.

knÌÀ sXtckbv¡v Cu sI«nSw hn«psImSp¯Xns\ Hcp hn`mKw BfpIÄ FXnÀ¯p. acWmk¶sc {InkvXym\nIfm¡m\mWv CsX¶mbncp¶p AhcpsS Btcm]Ww. knÌÀamÀs¡Xntc ISp¯ `ojWnbpbÀ¶p. Hcn¡Â Hcp Iq«w A{IanIÄ aT¯n\p ap¶nse¯n _lfw h¨p. hncn¨p]nSn¨ ssIIfpambn knÌÀ sXtck Cd§nh¶p. “""sIm¶psImÅpI, A§s\sb¦n F\n¡v Ffp¸w kzÀK¯nse¯matÃm'' F¶mbn knÌÀ sXtck. F´mbmepw P\w Iptd _lfw h¨p aS§n. t]meokn ]cmXn F¯n. hntZi I\ymkv{Xosb ]pd¯m¡Ww F¶mbncp¶p Bhiyw.

t]meokv ta[mhn t\cn«v At\zjW¯ns\¯n. At\zjW¯n\p sNÃpt¼mÄ IWvS cwKw At±lwXs¶ ]n¶osSmcn¡Â hnhcn¨p. A`btI{µ¯n Aev]w ap¼p sImWvSph¶ Hcp hr²s\ ]cnNcn¡p¶Xn apgpInbncn¡pIbmWp knÌÀ sXtck. t{]mtÌäv tcmKw aqÀÑn¨ AbmfpsS ImepIÄ \ocph¶p hoÀ¯p s]m«nsbmen¡p¶pWvSmbncp¶p. Fgpt¶äp\n¡m³t]mepw tijnbnÃm¯ Hcp t]t¡mew. apdnhpIÄ XpS¨pw Bizmkhm¡pIÄ ]dªpw B a\pjys\ ip{iqjn¨psImWvSncp¶ knÌÀ sXtck t]meokv ta[mhnbpsS km¶n[yw Adnbp¶pt]mepapWvSmbncp¶nÃ.

aZdnsâ Hmtcm Ne\hpw hm¡pw {i²n¨ t]meokv ta[mhnbnÂ\n¶v ""Hm, ssZhta, F§s\ ChÀ¡v CsXms¡ sN¿m\mhp¶p'' Fs¶mcp BßKXapbÀ¶p. ]pd¯v HcpIq«w Xo{hhmZnIÄ _lfw h¨psImWvSp \n¸pWvSv. t]meokv ta[mhn Cd§ns¨¶v AhtcmSp ]dªp. ""Rm³ Cu hntZi kv{Xosb ]pd¯m¡mw. \n§fpsS A½amcpw ktlmZcnamcpw AhÀ sN¿p¶ tPmen sNbvXtijw.’’ C{Xbpw ]dªn«v At±lw Po¸n Ibdnt¸mbn.'' lmenfIn \n¶ P\¡q«w \ni_vZambn. ]ns¶ Ft¸mtgm B ]pcpjmcw A{]Xy£ambn.

Cu kw`h¯n\v GXm\pw Znhk¯n\ptijw... CtX hgnbn Hcp a\pjy³ Ahi\mbn InS¡p¶p. FÃpw tXmepambn Hcp PohÑhw. hgnt]m¡À ImWm¯ `mh¯n Abmsf IS¶pt]mIp¶pWvSv. ]ecpw Xncnªpt\m¡p¶tXbnÃ. tImfdm _m[nX\mb B a\pjy³ kao] t£{X¯nse ]qPmcnbmbncp¶p. P\w tImfdsb Gsd `bs¸«ncp¶ ImeamWXv. AXpsImWvSmhmw Abmsf kv]Àin¡m³t]mepw AhÀ `bs¸«p. AXphgnh¶ knÌÀ sXtck Abmsf Ic§fn Xm§nsbSp¯p. A¶p kmam\yw AtcmKZrVKm{Xbmbncp¶ knÌdn\v FÃpw tXmepamb B a\pjys\ Aev]w t¢in¨msW¦nepw sXm«Sp¯pÅ Xsâ ip{iqjm tI{µ¯n F¯n¡m\mbn. Znhk§Ä \oWvS ]cnNcW¯ns\mSphn AbmÄ ]qÀW BtcmKy¯nte¡p aS§n.

""ap¸Xp hÀjambn IÃn sIm¯nb Imfnsb Rm³ ]qPn¨p. Ct¸mÄ Rm³ càhpw amwkhpapÅ Imfnsb IWvSp. AXns\ Rm³ ]qPn¡p¶p.'' PohnX¯nte¡p aS§nb B a\pjysâ hm¡pIÄ km£ys¸Sp¯p¶Xpw "Z knän Hm^v tPmbv'bpsS cNbnXmhv tUman\nIv em¸nbdmWv.

]n¶osSmcn¡epw ImfnL«nse¶Ã tIm¡¯bnsemcnS¯pw Bcpw \oe t_mÀUdpÅ kmcn [cn¨ I\ymkv{XoIfpsS t\tc A[nt£]w sNmcnªn«nÃ. FÃm PmXnbnepw aX¯nepws]« acWmk¶cpambn \nch[n Bw_pe³kpIfpw t]meokv hm\pIfpw ]n¶oSv AhntS¡p \nc´cw F¯ns¡mWvSncp¶p.

(XpScpw)


{]`p \ncmis¸Sp¯n

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än.kn.amXyp

kptcjv {]`p F¶ a{´nsb¸än henb Bthiambncp¶p It¼mf¯n\v. hmPvt]bn a{´nk`bn \ho\ Bib§Ä ]eXpw sImWvSph¶ NmÀt«Uv A¡uWvSâv. tamZn sdbnÂth a{´nbmbn t\cn«p sXcsªSp¯XmWp {]`phns\. inhtk\bnÂ\n¶p _nsP]nbnse¯pw apt¼ tI{µa{´nØm\w \ÂIn F¶p ]dbmw.

{]`phnsâ BZys¯ _Päv It¼mfs¯ \ncmis¸Sp¯n. apwss_ Hmlcnhn]WnbpsS sk³skIvkv 300 t]mbnâmWv Xmtgm«pt]mbXv. sdbnÂthbpambn _Ôs¸« HmlcnIÄ GgpiXam\w hsc CSnªp.

Bscbpw ckn¸n¨nÃ

{]`p km[mcWP\s¯ ckn¸n¨nÃ. bm{X¡qen Iq«nbnsænepw FÃm Ahiykm[\§Ä¡pw hne IqSp¶hn[w Nc¡pIqen Iq«n. AXp {]kwK¯n ]dbmsX sNbvXt¸mÄ a{´n AXnkmaÀYyw ImWn¡pIbmbncps¶¶p P\¯n\p a\knembn.

{]`p hyhkmbtaJesb ckn¸n¨nÃ. henb ImcWw Nc¡pIqenbnse hÀ[\. cmPy¯v hym]mcw aµKXnbnembncn¡pt¼mÄ hne Iq«p¶ \S]Sn \¶mbnsöv AhÀ ]dbp¶p.

{]`p hntZinbpw kztZinbpamb kwcw`Isc ckn¸n¨nÃ. sdbnÂthbn kzImcykwcw`IÀ¡p IqSpX Ahkc§Ä \ÂIp¶ hyàamb {]Jym]\w {]Xo£n¨XmWv. AXpWvSmbnÃ. kzImcytaJesb Iq«nbpÅ ]n]n]n ]²XnIsf¸än hnimeamb {]kvXmh\tb DÅq. kwØm\ Kh¬saâpIfpw s]mXptaJem Øm]\§fpw IgnªpÅ Øm\ta kzImcytaJebv¡p \ÂInbn«pÅq. BÀFkvFknsâ FXnÀ¸v DZmchXvIcWw Ipdbm³ ImcWambn«pWvSmIpw.

kpc£, hr¯n

{]`phnÂ\n¶p {]Xo£n¨{X DZmchXvIcWhpw kzImcyhXvIcWhpw DWvSmbnÃ. ]Icw sdbnÂthbnse kpc£bpw hr¯nbpw kv{Xoc£bpw kmt¦XnIhnZybpw sa¨s¸Sp¯p¶ Imcy§fnsemXp§n _Päv.

]pXnb ]²XnIfpw sse\pIfpw kÀthIfpw {]Jym]n¡m¯Xn\p {]`p hyàamb hniZoIcWw \ÂIp¶p. XpS§nh¨Xp ]qÀ¯nbm¡s«. AXn \ymbapWvSv. \nehn 1.85 e£w tImSn cq] apS¡phcp¶ 350 tesd ]²XnIÄ \S¶phcp¶pWvSv. Ah ]qÀ¯nbm¡Ww.

tijn¡¸pdw HmSp¶p

]pXnb hWvSnIÄ {]Jym]n¡p¶Xnt\¡mÄ bpànklamb Nne Imcy§Ä a{´n ]dªp. Hmtcm hWvSnbnepw IqSpX t_mKnIÄ tNÀ¡pI. hWvSnIÄ IqSpX thKw HmSn¡pI.

]e {][m\ sse\pIfpw tijntb¡mÄ IqSpX hml\§Ä HmSp¶hbmWv. 1219 skIvj\pIfn 492 F®w tijnbpsS 100 iXam\¯ne[nIw hWvSnIsf hln¡p¶p. thsd 228 F®¯n 80 iXam\¯ntesdbmWp tijn hn\ntbmKw.

\jvSambXp thKw

tijnhn\ntbmKw A[nIamIp¶Xp KpWaà tZmjamWp sN¿pI. hWvSnIÄ kab¯v HmSnÃ, thWvS thKhpw In«nÃ. 130 IntemaoäÀ thK¯ntemSmhp¶ cmP[m\n¡pw iXm_vZn¡pw icmicn In«p¶Xv 70 IntemaoäÀ am{Xw. HmÀUn\dn hWvSnIfpw Nc¡phWvSnIfpw aWn¡qdn 25 IntemaoäÀ thK¯nemWv HmSp¶Xv.

Cu AhØ amäm\mWp {]`phnsâ {iaw. AXn\p sse³ Cc«n¸n¡epw sshZypXoIcWhpsams¡ thKw \S¯Ww. A©psImÃwsImWvSv {]`p Dt±in¡p¶ e£y§Ä {it²bamWv.

hfÀ¨me£yw

Ct¸mÄ {]XnZn\w 2.1 tImSn BfpIÄ C´y³ sdbnÂthbn k©cn¡p¶p. A©psImÃwsImWvSv CXp aq¶ptImSnbm¡Ww. AhÀ¡p kpc£nXXzhpw hr¯nbpw kuIcyhpw Dd¸m¡Ww.

Nc¡v IS¯v {]XnhÀjw 100 tImSn S®nÂ\n¶v 150 tImSn S¬ B¡Ww.
A©psImÃwsImWvSv tijn 50 iXam\w Iq«Ww. AXn\mWv 8.65 e£w tImSnbpsS \nt£] ]²Xn.

{]hÀ¯\w sa¨am¡m³

CXn\p sdbnÂthbnÂ\n¶pXs¶ Iptd aqe[\w IsWvS¯m\pw {]`p e£yanSp¶p. AXn\v Hm¸tdänwKv tdtjym sa¨s¸Sp¯Ww. bm{XþNc¡pIqen C\§fnepÅ hchpw {]hÀ¯\s¨ehpw X½nepÅ A\p]mXamWv Cu tdtjym. 2013þ14  tdtjym 93.6 Bbncp¶p. AXmbXv 100 cq] In«nbXn 93.6 cq]bpw km[mcW {]hÀ¯\s¨ehpIÄ¡p t]mbn. Cs¡mÃw {]Xo£n¡p¶ tdtjym 91.8 BWv. ASp¯hÀjw 88.5 Dw. CXp {ItaW 75  F¯n¡pIbmWp e£yw. At¸mÄ sdbnÂthbv¡v hnIk\]cn]mSnIÄ¡p Iptd kz´w ]Ww DWvSmIpw.

AXpsImWvSmWv UokÂhne IpdªXnsâ B\pIqeyw \ÂIn bm{X¡qen Ipdbv¡m³ ]äpambncp¶n«pw AXp sN¿m¯Xv.

ISw hÀ[n¡pw

sdbnÂthbpsS hfÀ¨bv¡v AXnthKw \nt£]w \S¯m\pÅ B{Klw a{´n¡pWvSv. s]mXp_PänÂ\n¶v sdbnÂth ]²XnIÄ¡v In«p¶ klmbw 40000 tImSn cq]bmWv. ]t£ ]²Xn Hcpe£w tImSnbnte¡p {]`p hepXm¡n. 17655 tImSncq] ISsaSp¡pw. \S¸phÀjt¯¡mÄ 46.5 iXam\w IqSpXemWnXv. 17793 tImSncq] B`y´chn`h kamlcWw ]dbp¶pWvSv. AXv F§s\ km[n¡psa¶p hniZoIcn¨n«nÃ. 5781 tImSncq] ]n]n]n C\¯n {]Xo£n¡p¶p.


thZ\IÄ Aenbn¨ kvt\lw

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skÀPn BâWn/ ImcpWy¯nsâ a\pjycq]wþ1

' kvt\ln¡pI, \nsâ kÀhiànbpap]tbmKn¨p kvt\ln¡pI.'' km[mcWKXnbn Hcp kphntij {]kwK¯nsâtbm kmtcm]tZi¯nsâtbm `mKambn hmIys¯ IcpXmw. F¶mÂ, Cu hm¡pIÄ DXnÀ¶ kmlNcyw hyXykvXamWv. acWmk¶cmbhÀ¡pthWvSnbpÅ Hcp ip{iqjm tI{µ¯n tZlw apgph³ apdnthäv, amwk`mK§Ä ASÀ¶phoW Hcp bphmhns\ AXoh{i²tbmsS ]cnNcn¡pIbmbncp¶p aZÀ sXtck. ISp¯ thZ\bn ]pfbpIbmbncp¶p B bphmhv. Xs¶ ]cnNcn¡p¶ B ZnhytXPkn\p ap¶n B bphmhnsâ thZ\IÄ sasÃsasà AenªnÃmXmbns¡mWvSncp¶p. AbmÄ _wKmfn `mjbn Ft´m aZdnt\mSp kwkmcn¡p¶pWvSv.

aZdnsâ {i² apgph³ Ignbp¶{X thZ\n¸n¡msX AbmfpsS apdnhpIÄ XpS¨p hr¯nbm¡p¶Xnembncp¶p. B bphmhnsâ I®pIfn Xnf¡w. Ahsâ I®pIÄ AZv`pXIcambsXt´m ImWp¶Xnsâ \nÀhrXnbnembncp¶p. Xs¶ kvt\ln¡m³ Btcm Xsâ NmtcbpsWvS¶ tXm¶Â B bphmhns\ asämcp a\pjy\m¡n. ]Xnª i_vZ¯nepÅ AbmfpsS hm¡pIÄ¡p aZÀ adp]Sn sImSp¯psImWvSncp¶p.

""IuXpIt¯msS Rm³ Cu cwK§sfÃmw IWvSpsImWvSp\n¶p. s]s«¶v Fsâ ImÂs¸cpamäw tI«n«mhmw aZÀ ]n¶nte¡p Xncnsªm¶p t\m¡n. Rm³ BsI hnjan¨pt]mbn. PohnX¯nenXphsc IWvSn«nÃm¯ Hcp A]qÀh cwK¯nsâ BkzmZ\w \jvSs¸«XnepÅ tJZambncp¶p F\n¡v. t]mItà Fs¶mcp bmN\ B sNdp¸¡mcsâ apJ¯v sXfnbp¶Xv F\n¡p ImWmambncp¶p.

""Rm³ Fs¶ ]cnNbs¸Sp¯n. At¸mgmWv Hcp k¶²{]hÀ¯I³ AXphgn IS¶pt]mbXv. AbmfpsS ssIbn Hcp t_kn³ DWvSmbncp¶p. aZÀ Abmsf hnfn¨p. acn¨psImWvSncn¡p¶ B bphmhns\ NqWvSn¡m«n ]dªp, "Chs\ kvt\ln¡pI, \nsâ kÀhiànbpsaSp¯p kvt\ln¡pI. aZÀ Xsâ ssIbnepWvSmbncp¶ acp¶pw ]ªnbpw aäp ip{iqjm hkvXp¡fpw B k¶²{]hÀ¯Is\ Gev]n¨v Ft¶mtSm¸w \S¶p.''

{^oUw Aäv anUvss\äv, Z knän Hm^v tPmbv F¶o hn{ipX {KÙ§fpsS cNbnXmhpw "aZÀ sXtck: ssZh¯nsâ ]mh§fpsS t]cnÂ' F¶ hnhmZ kn\nabpsS Xnc¡YmIr¯pamb tUman\nIv em¸nbÀ aZÀ sXtckbpambpÅ {]Ya kµÀi\s¯¡pdn¨p aZdnsâ acWtijw FgpXnb Hcp Ipdn¸nÂ\n¶pÅXmWo `mKw.

kvt\l¯nsâ, kmayanÃm¯ tkh\¯nsâ, \nkzmÀYamb kaÀ¸W¯nsâ ktµiw PohnX¯neqsS ImWn¨pX¶ hyànXzambncp¶p aZÀ sXtck. aZdnsâ tkh\§sf¡pdn¨p [mcmfw \à Imcy§Ä ]ecpw ]dªn«pWvSv, FgpXnbn«pWvSv. C¶pw ]dbm¯Xpw FgpXm¯Xpamb \nch[n IYIÄ temIsa¼mSpw aZdnsâ kvt\lhpw tkh\hpw kzoIcn¨hÀ¡p ]dbm\papWvSv. ]t£, kzmÀYX Iecm¯ B kvt\ls¯ \nkmchXvIcn¡pIbpw Ahtlfn¡pIbpw sN¿pt¼mÄ AXp a\pjyXzt¯mSpXs¶ sN¿p¶ alm]mXIamWv.

aZÀ sXtckbpsS tkh\w aX]cnhÀ¯\w e£yan«mbncp¶psh¶v BÀFkvFkv Xeh³ taml³ `mKhXv ]dbpt¼mÄ, AXns\ ]n´pW¨v kwL]cnhmÀ t\Xm¡fpw ao\m£n teJnsbt¸mepÅ _nsP]n hàm¡fpw cwKs¯¯pt¼mÄ `mcX¯nsâ al¯mb kwkvImc¯nsâ apJ¯mWv B hnaÀiIÀ ImÀ¡n¨p Xp¸p¶Xv.

aZÀ sXtcksb¡pdn¨p ]pXpXeapdbv¡v A[nIsam¶pw AdnbnÃmbncn¡pw. hmSvkv B¸ntem KqKnÄ tkÀ¨ntem aZdns\¡pdn¨v Adnbm³ {ian¡p¶hcpw IpdhmIpw. Ct¸mgs¯ hnhmZw Hcp]t£ Ipsdt¸sc A¯cw Nne ]cXepIÄ¡p t{]cn¸nt¨¡mw. ]t£, AhnsSbpw aZdns\ hnaÀin¨pw Ahtlfn¨pw FgpXnb \nch[n teJ\§Ä IsWvS¶ncn¡pw.

aZdns\ hnip²]Zhnbnte¡pbÀ¯p¶Xnsâ `mKambn \S¶ Imt\m\nI \S]Sn{Ia§fpsS Ime¯p bmsXmcp ASnØm\hpanÃm¯ C¯cw Nne teJ\§Ä ]ebnS§fnepw {]Ncn¨ncp¶p. Cu Znhk§fn taml³ `mKhXnsâ hnhmZ ]cmaÀiw Nm\epIÄ¡p NÀ¨mhnjbambt¸mÄ A¯cw Nne teJ\§fpambn NneÀ hcpIbpWvSmbn.

aZÀ sXtck Bcmbncp¶p, aZdnsâ anj\dokv Hm^v NmcnänbpsS {]hÀ¯\w F§s\bmbncp¶p, kzmX{´ym\´c C´ybpsS ZpcnX]qÀWamb \KcPohnX¯n\v aZdnsâ ImcpWykv]Àiw F{Xam{Xw BizmktaIn XpS§nb Imcy§Ä HmÀ¡mt\m ]dbmt\m BÀ¡pw XmXv]cyapWvSmhnÃ. F¦nepw B ]pWyNcnXbpsS \·IÄ IWvSnsöp hbv¡m\pw AhÀ sNbvX \nkvXpeamb tkh\§sf Ahtlfn¡m\pw \S¡p¶ {ia§Ä¡pap¶n \nÀhnImcXtbmsS \n¡m³ a\pjykvt\lapÅ Hcp `mcXob\pw km[n¡nÃ.

{]mbm[nIyhpw tcmKhpw aqeamWp aZÀ acn¨Xv. AsXmcp km[mcW acWambncp¶p. ]t£, aZdnsâ acWhmÀ¯ tIm¡¯ \Kcs¯ F{Xam{Xw thZ\n¸n¨psh¶p tUman\nIv em¸nbdpw \ho³ Nufbpw XpS§n \nch[n Fgp¯pImcpw am[ya{]hÀ¯Icpw hnhcn¨n«pWvSv. temI¯v Hcp I\ymkv{Xo¡v C{Xam{Xw BZchp In«nbXn\p ]n¶nse ImcpWy{]hÀ¯\§fpsS Afhv Duln¡tb thWvSq.

aZdnsâ acWm\´c NS§pIfn ]s¦Sp¯hcn cmjv{S¯eh·mcpw {][m\a{´namcpw cmPm¡·mcpw cmPIpamcnamcpsams¡bpWvSmbncp¶p; ap³ ankv bqWnthgvkv kpkvanXm sk¶ns\t¸msebpÅ \nch[n Bcm[IÀ I®oscmgp¡ns¡mWvSmWv B NS§n ]s¦Sp¯Xv. F¶mÂ, tIm¡¯bnse sXcphpIfn I®oscmgp¡m³t]mepw {XmWnbnÃmsX At\Iwt]À DWvSmbncp¶p.

\oet_mÀUtdmSp IqSnb shÅkmcnbn s]mXnª aZdnsâ arXtZl¯n BZcmRvPenIfÀ¸n¡m³ h¶WªhcpsS am{XaÃ, temI¯nsâXs¶ a\kn ZpJw L\o`hn¨p\n¶ B \nanj§sf¡pdn¨v F{X hmNmeambmepw A[nIamhnÃ. A¯csamcp tkh\ ip{iqjbpsS al¯zs¯ \nkmchXvIcn¡m\pw aZdns\ aX]cnhÀ¯\¯n hym]rXbmb anj\dnbmbn Nn{XoIcn¡m\pw Xp\nbpt¼mÄ AXp Ncn{Xt¯mSpw kXyt¯mSpw sN¿p¶ alm]mXIamWv.

kpJtemep]Xbn Ignbm\pÅ kuIcy§sfÃmw Cs«dnªp P·cmPy¯p\n¶v Gsd AIsebpsÅmcp \m«nte¡p I¸ÂIbdpt¼mÄ B a\kn kvt\l¯nsâ Iq¼mcw am{XamWpWvSmbncp¶Xv. Xsâ \ntbmKs¯¸än Gsdsbm¶pw t_m[yapWvSmbncp¶nsænepw tkh\¯nsâ ]mXbnte¡p IS¡pt¼mgpÅ kaÀ¸Ww am{Xambncp¶p Icp¯v. B Icp¯v C´ybnse am{Xaà temIsa¼mSpapÅ F{Xtbm ZpcnXPohnX§Ä¡p c£mIhNhpw BizmkZqXpambn F¶p \mw a\knemt¡WvSXpWvSv. aZdnsâ B PohnXbm{XbneqsSbpÅ Hcp ]cyS\w sNdnb tXmXnse¦nepw Bhiyambn h¶ncn¡p¶p Cu ImeL«¯nÂ.

(XpScpw)


apJw an\p¡m³ _Päv

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än.kn. amXyp / hcp¶p, PbvävenbpsS tamZn _Pävþ3

_Päv Hcp H¯pXoÀ¸v tcJbmWv. ]eXcw k½ÀZ§fpw Bhiy§fpw Dbcp¶p. Ahbv¡nSbn ]cnanXnIÄ. {]tXyIn¨pw hcpam\¯nsâ ]cnanXn. Bhiy§Ä¡v AXncnÃ. AXn\mbn sNehm¡m³ In«p¶ ]W¯n\p ]cn[n DWvSpXm\pw. ChnsSbmWv H¯pXoÀ¸v thWvSnhcp¶Xv.

Kh¬saânsâ {][m\ sNehn\§Ä Ipdbv¡m³ ]gpXnÃm¯hbmWv. GXp a{´nbmbmepw GXp ]mÀ«nbmbmepw amäm³ ]äm¯h.

Ahbn {][m\s¸«h NphsS:

]enibpw i¼fhpw

1. ]eni. tI{µkÀ¡mcnsâ [\I½n \nI¯p¶Xp ISw FSp¯mWv. tZiob hnIk\¯n\pthWvSn F¶p ]dªp XpS§nb ISsaSp¸v C¶p _Pänse henb LSIamWv. Hmtcm hÀjhpw FSp¡p¶ A[nI ISw AYhm _m[yXbmWp [\I½n. Cu IS¯n\p ]enibpWvSv.

Cu amÀ¨v 31þ\v 60,33,894.47 tImSn cq]bpsS B`y´cISamWp IW¡m¡p¶Xv. IgnªhÀjw amÀ¨v 31þ\v 54,04,420.03 tImSnbmbncp¶p ISw. Cu hÀjs¯ [\I½n IqSnt¨À¶t¸mgmWv 60.34 e£w tImSnbmbXv.

IS¯n\v CuhÀjw hcp¶ ]eni 4,27,011 tImSn cq]bmWv. IgnªhÀjw 3,80,066 tImSn Bbncp¶p ]enis¨ehv. CXv HmtcmhÀjhpw IqSp¶p. ASp¯hÀjw ]enis¨ehv A©pe£w tImSn cq]bv¡Sp¯mIpw.

2. i¼fw: ssk\y¯n\p ]pdsa 35.98 e£w Poh\¡mcpWvSv tI{µ kÀ¡mcn\v. ChÀ¡p i¼fw \evIWw. \S¸phÀjw Cubn\¯n {]Xo£n¡p¶ sNehv 1,39,234 tImSn cq]. XtehÀjw CXv 1,25,196 tImSn cq]bmbncp¶p. (ssk\y¯nsâ i¼fs¨ehv {]Xntcm[ _PänemWv)

vs]³j³ IpXn¡p¶p

3. s]³j³: CXpw HmtcmhÀjhpw hÀ[n¡p¶p. BbpÀssZÀLyw IqSp¶Xn\m IqSpX Imew s]³j³ \evtIWvS kmlNcyhpw DWvSv. 2013þ14  74,076 tImSn cq] sNehmbXv Cs¡mÃw 81,983 BIpsa¶mWp _Päv {]Xo£. hnapà ssk\nIÀ¡v Hcp dm¦v Hcp s]³j³ ]qÀWambn \S¸m¡p¶tXmsS s]³j³ sNehv KWyambn IqSpw.

4. {]Xntcm[w: cmPy¯nsâ {]Xntcm[tijn A`wKpcw \ne\nÀt¯WvSXpWvSv. ssN\bpw ]m¡nØm\psams¡ DbÀ¯p¶ shÃphnfnIÄ hepXmWv. aq¶p tk\mhn`mK§Ä¡pw B[p\nI bpt²m]IcW§fpw kwhn[m\§fpw thWw. {]Xntcm[s¨ehv KWyambn Iq«ntb Xocq. 2013þ14 2,03,672 tImSn cq] {]Xntcm[¯n\p sNehm¡n. Cu hÀjt¯¡p hIbncp¯nbXv 2,29,000 tImSn. CXp t]mcm F¶XmWp tamZn kÀ¡mcnsâ ]£w. {]Xntcm[s¨ehn IpXn¸p {]Xo£n¡mw.

k_vknUn Ipdbpw

5. k_vknUn: Cu hÀjw Bizmkw {]Xo£n¡mhp¶ Hcp sNehn\amWnXv. cmkhfw, `£yw, s]t{Smfnbw F¶nhbptSXmWp {][m\ k_vknUnIÄ. 2013þ14  _Päv sNehnsâ 13.3 iXam\w Cu aq¶n\w k_vknUn¡pw IqSn thWvSnh¶p. Cs¡mÃw s]t{Smfnbw hne CSnªXn\m Uokensâ hne\nb{´Ww \o¡m\mbn, FÂ]nPn k_vknUn Ipdªp. CXphgn _Pänse AS¦en k_vknUn \nÀ¯m\mhpsa¶p {]Xo£n¡mw. `£y k_vknUn _Pän IcpXnb{X hcnIbpanÃ.

F¶mÂ, sNdnb k_vknUnIÄ hÀ[n¨phcnIbmWv. X]m k_vknUn 2013þ14  5,880 tImSn cq]bmbncp¶p. Cu hÀjw {]Xo£ 6,908 tImSn cq]. sdbnÂthbnÂ\n¶p tI{µ kÀ¡mcn\p em`hoXw \evIpt¼mÄ XpeyXpI k_vknUn \evIp¶ coXnbpWvSv. Cu k_vknUnbpw KWyamb XpIbmbn amdns¡mWvSncn¡p¶p. Cs¡mÃw 4,059 tImSnbmWv Cubn\¯n thWvSnhcnI.

amäanÃm¯ sNehpIÄ

Cu A©n\¯n\pw IqSn Cs¡mÃw {]Xo£n¡p¶Xp 10,00,358 tImSn cq]. ASp¯ [\ImcyhÀjw CXn KWyamb hÀ[\ {]Xo£n¡mw. IgnªhÀjw AhXcn¸n¨ _Pän sam¯w IW¡m¡nb sNehv 17.95 e£w tImSn cq]bmWv. AXn ]¯pe£w tImSn C§s\ amäanÃm¯ C\§Ä¡p t]mIp¶p. sam¯w sNehnsâ 55 iXam\w hcpw CXv.

]²Xns¨ehv 5.75 e£w tImSnbmWp _Pän hn`mh\ sNbvXXv. thsdmcp 69,000 tImSn cq] kwØm\§Ä¡p {Kmâmbn \evIpw. tI{µ t]meokv tk\IÄ¡p 47,000 tImSn cq] thWw. Chtbbpw amäanÃm¯ KW¯nÂs¸Sp¯nbm 16.9 e£w tImSnbmIpw Ipdbv¡m³ ]gpXnÃm¯ sNehn\§Ä. ]ns¶ tijn¡p¶Xv Hcpe£w tImSnbn Aev]w IqSpX am{Xw.

hchn\p ]cnanXn

Cu sNehn\§Ä \ndthäm\pÅ hcpam\w In«p¶Xn\papWvSv ]cnanXn. \nIpXnbpw \nIpXnbÃm¯Xpamb dh\yp hchpIfpw IS§fpsS Xncn¨Shv, ISsaSp¸v XpS§nb aqe[\ hchpIfpamWp kÀ¡mcn\pÅXv. CXn \nIpXnhchn 32 iXam\w (C\n 42 iXam\w) kwØm\§Ä¡p hoXn¨p \evIWw. 32 iXam\w \evInbncp¶t¸mÄ tI{µmhnjvIrX ]²XnIfpsSbpw aäpw t]cn thtd KWyamb XpI \evtIWvSnbncp¶p. FÃmwIqSn \nIpXn]ncnhnsâ 39 iXam\w kwØm\§Ä¡mbncp¶p.

C\n 42 iXam\w kwØm\§Ä¡p \evIWw. At¸mÄ tI{µmhnjvIrX ]²XnIfpsS t]cnepÅ hnlnXhpw {KmâpIfpw Hgnhm¡mw. F¦nepw ap¼pWvSmbncp¶Xnepw aq¶p iXam\w IpdhmIpw tI{µ¯n\pÅ \nIpXn hcpam\w.

\nIpXn ]ncnhv Iq«pw

PnUn]nbpsS A\p]mX¯n \nIpXn hcpam\w C\nbpw hÀ[n¸n¡m³ ]gpXpsWvS¶p Kh¬saâpw [\Imcy hnZKv[cpw IcpXp¶p. BtKmfamµyw hcp¶Xn\p ap¼pÅ 2007þ08  PnUn]nbpsS 11.9 iXam\w tI{µw \nIpXnbn\¯n ]ncns¨Sp¯XmWv. amµyw h¶t¸mÄ \nIpXnbnfhv \evInbXpw hnev]\hfÀ¨ IpdªXpw DXv]mZ\ amµyapWvSmbXpw Hs¡ aqew \nIpXn Ipdªp. 2013þ14 PnUn]nbpsS 10.2 iXam\ta \nIpXnbmbn ]ncn¨pÅq.

CXp Iq«m³ {]XnÚm_²amWp tI{µw. 2015þ16 PnUn]nbpsS 10.9 iXam\hpw 2016þ17  11.2 iXam\hpambn \nIpXn]ncnhp Iq«psa¶mWp [\Imcy D¯chmZþ_Päv amt\Pvsaâv \nba{]Imcw Ignª _Päns\m¸w kaÀ¸n¨ a[yIme [\\b {]kvXmh\bn DÅXv. AXp sN¿pt¼mÄ dh\yp I½n bYm{Iaw 2.2 Dw 1.6 Dw iXam\ambn Ipdbpw. [\I½n 3.6 iXam\hpw aq¶p iXam\hpamIpw.

tdänwKns\ t]Sn

CXp IÀ¡iamb [\Imcy \nb{´W¯neqsStb km[n¡q. AXp sN¿psa¶mWp Pbväven Dd¸n¨p ]dbp¶Xv. AXp sNbvXnsæn tdänwKv Xmgv¯psa¶v Xn¦fmgvN Ìm³UmÀUv B³Uv ]pthgvkv (Fkv B³Uv ]n) F¶ GP³kn ap¶dnbn¸v \evInbXp {it²bamWv. aqUokv sNmÆmgvN CtX `ojWn apg¡n. ]mÝmXy I¼\nIÄ B{Kln¡p¶Xcw ]cnjvImc§Ä km¼¯nI taJebn thWsa¶XmWv Cu tdänwKv k½ÀZ¯n\p ]n¶nepÅXv.

sdbnÂth AS¡w ASnØm\kuIcytaJebn IqSpX kzImcyhXvIcWw, C³jzd³kv AS¡apÅ [\Imcy tkh\taJebn IqSpX hntZi aqe[\w XpS§nbhsbms¡bmWv AhÀ¡mhiyw. `cW¯ntedpw ap¼v CsXÃmw Ffp¸w km[n¡mhp¶XmsW¶p IcpXn. ]t£, `cW¯nembt¸mÄ IYamdn.

hyhkmbntbm IÀjIt\m?

hyhkmbnIÄ Gähpa[nIw FXnÀ¯XmWv bp]nF sImWvSph¶ `qan GsäSp¡Â \nbaw. It¼mfhnebpsS ]eaS§v hnebmbpw ]p\c[nhmks¨ehmbpw apS¡nbmte `qan GsäSp¡m\mhq F¶XmWv B \nba¯nsâ ^ew. AXp Xncp¯nbt¸mÄ Xncp¯Â IÀjIhncp²amsW¶mbn. ]mÀesaânepw ]pd¯pw {]Xn]£s¯ H¶n¸n¡m\pw henb {]Xntj[]cn]mSnIÄ cq]s¸Sm\pw AXp hgnsXfn¨p.

Xncp¯Â Dt]£n¡m³ BÀFkvFkn \n¶pt]mepw k½ÀZw DbÀ¶p. ]nt¶m«p t]mbm hyhkmbnIÄ FXncmIpw; apt¶m«pt]mbm IÀjIÀ FXncmIpw. tamZn kÀ¡mÀ hnjakÔnbnembn.

aäv DZmchXvIcW \S]SnIfpsS Imcy¯nepw \ne CXmWv. hntZi aqe[\w C³jzd³knepw _m¦nwKnepw dos«bn hym]mc¯nepw hcp¶Xn\p iàamb FXnÀ¸v Dbcp¶p. FXnÀ¸v AhKWn¨m UÂlnbnse ]cmPbw BhÀ¯n¡pw. adn¨mbm hntZinIfpsSbpw hyhkmbnIfpsSbpw ]n´pW \ãamIpw.

sXmgnÂ\nba ]cnjvImc§fpw CtX ImcW¯m \S¡p¶nÃ. `qcn]£apÅ ]mÀ«nbpw Icp¯\mb t\Xmhpw DWvSmbn«pw Imcy§Ä \S¡p¶nà F¶mbn. Cu tamiw {]XnÑmb amäm³ _Pän F´mWv Hfn¨ncn¡p¶Xv F¶p i\nbmgvN Adnbmw.


\nIpXnbnfhnsâ hne

CS¯c¡mÀ s]mXp_Pänte¡p t\m¡p¶Xp \nIpXnsb¸än Adnbm\mWv. BZmb\nIpXnbn F´pam{Xw Cfhp In«p¶p, km[\§Ä¡v F´pam{Xw \nIpXn IqSp¶p. CXmWv AdntbWvSXv.

bp]nF amdn _nsP]n \bn¡p¶ F³UnF h¶t¸mÄ \nIpXnbnfhns\¸än henb {]Xo£ DWvSmbncp¶p. BZmb\nIpXn aq¶pe£w cq]hscHgnhm¡pw, A©pe£w hsc Hgnhm¡pw, 80 kn Hgnhv cWvSpe£am¡pw Fs¶ms¡ ]e taml§Ä. ]t£, \nIpXn Hgnhp ]cn[n 50,000 cq] Iq«nbXpw 80 kn ]cn[n H¶ce£am¡nbXpw am{Xambncp¶p hyànIÄ¡p In«nb Bizmkw.

CS¯c¡mc\p henb t\«apWvSmbnÃ. ]¯pe£w cq] hcpam\apÅhÀ¡p t]mepw 20,600 cq]bpsS B\pIqeyta In«nbpÅq. F´psImWvSmWv CS¯c¡mscbpw i¼f¡mscbpw IqSpX B{ibn¡p¶ ]mÀ«n AhÀ¡p IqSpX B\pIqeyw \evImXncp¶Xv?

hchv Ipdbpsa¶p t]Sn¨v F¶XmWv D¯cw.

\nIpXnhcpam\w henbtXmXn Ipdbv¡m³ Kh¬saâv XbmdÃ. Ignª Pqssebn BZmb\nIpXn Hgnhp ]cn[n Iq«nbXv 22,000 tImSn cq]bmWp \ãam¡nbXv.

\nIpXnbpsS Hgnhp ]cn[nbn ]Xn\mbncw cq] Iq«nbm \nIpXn]ncnhn 3090 tImSn cq]bmWp IpdbpI. AXmbXv 50,000 cq]bpsS HgnhpIqSn A\phZn¨m tI{µ¯n\p 15,450 tImSn cq]bmWp \ãamIp¶Xv.

80 kn {]ImcapÅ k¼mZy§Ä¡pÅ ]cn[n Iq«nbm \ãw CXntesdbmWv. ]cn[n 10,000 cq] Iq«nbm GItZiw 3600 tImSn cq]bpsS hcpam\w \ãamIpsa¶p IW¡m¡p¶p. A¼Xn\mbncw cq] IWvSp ]cn[n Iq«nbm 18,000 tImSnbmIpw \ãw.

(Ahkm\n¨p)






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