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B[p\nI hnIk\w {]XnkÔnbnte¡v

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tUm. tPmkv amXyp

tamZn kÀ¡mcnsâ `qan GsäSp¡Â \nbaw hnhmZ¯n ap§nbncn¡p¶p. 2014 P\phcn H¶n\p \nehn h¶ ]pXnb \nbaw A[nImc¯nse¯n 200 Znhkw XnIbp¶Xn\p ap¼v t`ZKXn sN¿m\pÅ \o¡amWp hnhmZ¯nembncn¡p¶Xv. ]pXnb \nbaw ]mkm¡m\pÅ F´v ASnb´c kmlNcyamWp \½psS cmPy¯pÅXv? ]pXnb \nba¯ns\Xntc kacw sN¿p¶hsc hnIk\ hntcm[nIfmbn ap{ZIp¯p¶p. ]©\£{XhmknIfmb k¶²{]hÀ¯IÀ F¶p hnfn¨p \tc{µtamZn kacw sN¿p¶hsc ]cnlkn¡p¶p. temIw apgph³ ]d¶p\S¶v C´ybn \nt£]w \S¯m³ hyhkmbnIsf £Wn¡p¶p. \nt£]IÀ¡pthWvSn Npa¸v ]chXm\n hncn¨v Im¯ncn¡p¶p. `qan GsäSp¡Â _nÃn\v 2013þ _nsP]n \nÀtZin¨ t`ZKXnIÄt]mepw Dt]£n¨p h³tXmXn `qan GsäSp¡m\pÅ kÀ¡mcnsâ \o¡w Cu ]Ým¯e¯n thWw a\knem¡m³. s\lvdp apX a³taml³ knwKv kÀ¡mÀ hsc ]cmPbs¸«nS¯v, tamZn kÀ¡mÀ hnPbn¡ptam? aqe[\iànIÄ AhÀ¡p thK¯nepw Ffp¸¯nepw AanXem`w In«p¶nS¯pam{Xta \nt£]§Ä \S¯mdpÅq. \nt£]w \S¯p¶ {]tZi§fpsS ]ptcmKXnbntem hfÀ¨bntem AhÀ¡p XmXv]cyanÃ.

2013þ14 sXcsªSp¸p {]NmcW§fnseÃmw tamZnbpw Iq«cpw BhÀ¯n¨psImWvSncp¶Xv AgnaXn F¶ s]mXpi{Xphns\bpw hnIk\w F¶ an¯ns\bpamWv. BcpsS hnIk\w? F´n\pthWvSnbpÅ hnIk\w? F¶p tNmZn¡m³t]mepw P\§Ä¡mbnÃ. hnIk\w BÀ¡pthWvSnbmsW¶p P§Ä Iptdsibmbn Adnbm³ XpS§p¶Xv, 2014 Ahkm\¯n HmÀUn\³kneqsS sImWvSph¶ `qan GsäSp¡Â \nba¯neqsSbmWv. C´y kzX{´ambtijw C´ybpsS B[p\nI hnIk\¯n\mbn e£¡W¡n\v G¡À Irjn`qan kÀ¡mÀ GsäSp¯n«pWvSv. Hmtcm ]pXnb sdbnÂthbpw AWs¡«pw ]hÀ¹mâpw hyhkmbnI CS\mgnIfpw XohWvSn¸mXIfpw ]©\£{X tlm«epIfpw DWvSmIpt¼mÄ F{Xtbm ZenXcpw BZnhmknIfpw Zcn{Zcpw Irjn¡mcpw AhcpsS Irjn`qanbnÂ\n¶p ]ngpsXdnbs¸«n«pWvSv. AXn\p hyàamb IWt¡m tcJItfm CÃ. Ahscm¶pwXs¶ BtcmKy]camb coXnbn ]p\c[nhkn¡s¸«n«nÃ. AhÀ¡p {]Xn^eambn Pohn¡m\mhiyamb ]Whpw sXmgnepw \ÂInbn«nÃ. s\lvdphnsâ Imew apX C´ybpsS hnIk\¯nsâ Ncn{Xw CXmWv.

Irjn`qanbnÂ\n¶pw Bhmk hyhØIfnÂ\n¶pw XnckvIcn¡s¸Sp¶hsc ]p\c[nhkn¸n¡Wsa¶p ]dbp¶hcpsS iÐwt]mepw Ipgn¨paqSs¸Sp¶p. C´ybnse 70 iXam\t¯mfw hcp¶ IÀjIÀ t\cnSp¶ Cu {]iv\s¯ tImÀ]tdäpIÄ¡pthWvSn IWvSnà F¶p \Sn¡pIbpw AhcpsS `qan AhcnÂ\n¶p X«n¸dn¨p Ipdªhnebv¡p tImÀ]tdäpIÄ¡p hn¡pIbpamWp hnIk\sa¶ t]cn tamZn sN¿p¶Xv. C´y Atacn¡bpsSbpw ssN\bpsSbpw P¸msâbpw knwK¸qcnsâbpw hnIk\]mX kzoIcn¨p tImÀ]tdäv aqe[\¯n\v ASnbdhv ]dbWsa¶p tamZn Bhiys¸Sp¶p. hnIk\sa¶Xp hÀ[n¨tXmXnepÅ aqe[\ \nt£]amsW¶ [mcW cWvSmw temIalmbp²¯n\p tijapÅ Imew apX {]_eamWv. kzImcytaJe tÌäns\t¸mse {]_eaÃmXncp¶Xn\m s\lvdp ]©hÕc ]²XnIfneqsS AXp krãn¡m³ ITn\{iaw \S¯n. a\pjyaqe[\w hfsctbsd AhKWn¡s¸«p. tUm. _n.BÀ. Awt_ZvIdpw hnIk\Imcy¯n s\lvdphnsâ \bamWp ]n³]änbncp¶Xv.

hnIkt\m·pJamb cmjv{Sobþkm¼¯nI ]²XnIfmWp kzmX{´ym\´c `cWIqS§Ä Bcw`n¨Xv. hnIk\w F¶Xn\p {ZpXKXnbnepÅ km¼¯nI hfÀ¨ Ft¶ AÀYw DWvSmbncp¶pÅp. temI¯n\p sam¯¯n Hcp hnIk\ APWvS {]Jym]n¡p¶Xv 1949þ Atacn¡³ {]knUâmbncp¶ lmcn Fkv. {Spam\mWv. AhnIknX taJeIsf F§s\bpw hnIkn¸n¡pI F¶Xmbncp¶p {Spamsâ e£yw. cWvSmw temIbp²¯n\p tijw Atacn¡ temIt\XrXz¯nte¡v DbÀ¶p. temIapXemfn¯¯nsâ kwc£Ww Atacn¡bn \n£n]vXambn. {]ikvX Nn´I³ A\n kpdÒm³ ]dªn«pÅXv ‘"hnIk\sa¶Xv Hcp ]mÝmXy hmKvZm\amWv. tkmjyenk¯nsâ A]IS¯nÂ\n¶p c£s¸Smw F¶ e£yt¯msSbmWv CXn\p cq]wsImSp¯Xv’'.

aq¶mw temIcmjv{S§fnse hnIk\ ]²XnIÄ Hmtcm¶pw tImSn¡W¡n\v A`bmÀYnIsfbmWp krãn¨Xv. 1950 \pw 2000 \pw CSbn temI¯mIam\w \S¶ 182 bp²§fn A`bmÀYnIÄ B¡s¸«Xnepw ]Xn·S§mWp hnIk\¯nsâ t]cn CtX Imebfhn A`bmÀYnIfm¡s¸«Xv. AÀ«yqtdm Fkv. tIm_À F¶ Nn´I³ ]dªn«pÅXv "AXncnÃm¯ BlvfmZhpw k¼¶Xbpw hmKvZm\w sN¿p¶ b£n¡YbmWp hnIk\w' F¶mWv.

hnIk\¯nte¡pÅ Ipdp¡phgnbmWp hyhkmbhXvIcWhpw BtKmfhXvIcWhpw AhXcn¸n¨Xv. C´ybnte¡v h³tXmXn hntZiaqe[\w {]hln¡psa¶p {]Xo£n¨ncp¶hÀ \ncmicmWv. C´y³ Hmlcn¡t¼mf¯n aqe[\and¡n Ifn¡p¶hcmWv A[nIhpw. hntZiaqe[\w IS¶phcm³ {ian¡p¶ sshZypXn XpS§nb cwK§fnse A\p`h§Ä t]Sns¸Sp¯p¶hbmWv. cmPy¯nsâ \ne\n¸ns\¯s¶ ASnØm\amb taJeIÄ kztZiþhntZi Ip¯IIÄ¡p hn¡p¶Xphgn `cW¯nsâ \nb{´Ww Xs¶ kÀ¡mÀ ssIhnSpIbmWv. hmbv]bpw \nt£]hpwsImWvSpWvSm¡p¶ hnIk\ {]hÀ¯\§Ä \ioIcW¯ntâXmWv. A[n\nthi¯ntâXmWv.

\½psS hnIk\ coXn \Kc§fnse hmbp izkn¡m³ sImÅm¯Xm¡n XoÀ¯ncn¡p¶p. Pet{kmXkpIÄ apgph³ aen\s¸Sp¯nbncn¡p¶p. \½psS a®p apgph³ cmkhkvXp¡ÄsImWvSp \ndªncn¡p¶p. Ah `£W¯neqsS \½psS icoc¯n hym]n¨ncn¡p¶p. amcItcmK§fpw PohnXssieo tcmK§fpw s]cpIns¡mWvSncn¡p¶p. \½psS \mSnsâ izmktImiamb h\§Ä AXnthKw A{]Xy£ambns¡mWvSncn¡p¶p. hn\miw hnX¨psImWvSncn¡p¶ hnIk\{]{InbIÄ C¶v A´co£hpw ]cnØnXnbpw \in¸n¡pIbpw \½sf¯s¶ CÃmXm¡pIbpw sNbvXpsImWvSncn¡p¶p. \½psS am[ya§Ä ASp¯Ime¯mbn hntZiaqe[\¯n\pw hmWnPy hnPb§Ä¡pw henb {]Nmcw \ÂIp¶p. BtKmfoIcW¯nsâ ]nSnapdp¡¯n I¨hSX{´§fpsS Im]Sy§Ä \½psS {Kmaa\kns\t¸mepw hncq]am¡n. apXemfn¯¯nsâ Ifn¸mhIfmbn amdnb `cWIqS§Ä tZiobXbpsS aqey§Ä ]msS XnckvIcn¡p¶p.

ImÀs]âdpsS "]cnjvIrXn ImcWhpw {]iv\§fpw' F¶ IrXnbn hyXykvX a\pjyhwi§Ä IS¶pt]mtIWvS Hcp tcmKamWp ]cnjvIrXn AYhm \mKcnIX F¶p ]dbp¶p. F¶mÂ, B tcmK¯nÂ\n¶pw Hcp cmjv{Shpw c£s¸«v BtcmKymhØbnte¡p Xncn¨pt]mbn«nsöv At±lw ]Ým¯]n¨p.

ImemhØm hyXnbm\w, BtKmfXm]\w, ag¡mSpIfpsSbpw kkyP´phÀK§fpsSbpw \miw, A¾ag, F® AS¡apÅ J\nP CÔ\§fpsSbpw aäv {]IrXn hn`h§fpsSbpw timjWw, aÕyk¼¯nepw kap{ZPohnIfpsS F®¯nepw kw`hn¨ `oaamb XIÀ¨, taÂa®nsâ \miw, `t£ymXv]mZ\¯nse ]mcayX, hÀ[n¨psImWvSncn¡p¶ BWhamen\y`mct¯msSm¸w `qanbn Ip¶pIqSns¡mWvSncn¡p¶ AssPh amen\y`ojWn hymhkmbnI bpKw temI¯n\p k½m\n¨ ]mcnØnXnI {]XnkÔnIÄ F®nbmsemSp§m¯hbmWv.

BtKmf Xm]\¯n\pw ImemhØm hyXnbm\¯n\pw CSbm¡p¶ ImÀ_¬ hnkÀP\¯nsâ tXmXv F¶t¯¡mfpw DbÀ¶ Afhn F¯n¡p¶p. [\nIþZcn{Z hyXymkanÃmsX ImÀ_¬ k¼ZvhyhØ FÃm cmjv{S§fpw kzoIcn¨ncn¡p¶p. B[p\nI a\pjy³ t\cnSp¶ {]XnkÔnIfmWv C¶p ImWp¶ ]mcnØnXnI XIÀ¨IfpsSbpw kmaqly AkaXz§fpsSbpw aqeImcWw. klPoh\s¯bpw ]mc¼cys¯bpw ASnØm\am¡n Pohn¨ncp¶ klIcW a\pjys\ km¼¯nI a\pjy\mbn cq]m´cs¸Sp¯m³ B[p\nI \mKcnIXbv¡p km[n¨p.

B[p\nI a\pjy³ t\cnSp¶ I\¯ shÃphnfn km¼¯nI a\pjy\nÂ\n¶pw klIcW a\pjy\nte¡pÅ Xncn¨pt]m¡v F§s\ km[yam¡mw F¶Xmbncn¡pw. {]IrXn hn`h§Ä, DuÀPw F¶nhbpsS A´anÃm¯ D]t`mK¯nÂ\n¶pamWv B[p\nI hnIk\w km[yamIp¶Xv. cmPy¯nsâ km¼¯nI `{ZX \ne\nÀ¯m³, DXv]mZIsâ em`w s]cp¸n¡m³ IqSpX IqSpX DXv]mZ\w \S¯pI, AXn\mhiyamb hn]Wn krãns¨Sp¡m³ Ir{Xnaamb Bhiy§Ä krãn¨psImWvSncn¡pI F¶XpamWv B[p\nI km¼¯nI bpàn.

]cnanX§fmb {]IrXn hn`h§Ä \ne\n¡p¶ Hcp ssPh hyhØsb B{ibn¨mWp a\pjy\nÀanX k¼ZvhyhØ ]peÀ¶pt]mIp¶Xv. AXpsImWvSpXs¶ km¼¯nI DXv]mZ\¯n \nc´chpw {IamXoXhpamb hfÀ¨ F¶Xv Akm[yamWv F¶ Xncn¨dnhnte¡v F¯ns¸tSWvSXpWvSv. B[p\nI km¼¯nI bpàn AXv GXp {]Xybimkv{X¯nsâ `mKambncp¶mÂIqSnbpw A¯csamcp \nKa\¯nte¡v F¯ns¸Sp¶nà F¶XmWp hÀ¯am\Ime¯nsâ ZpchØ.

FdnIv tlm_vkv t_mansâ ImgvN¸mSpIÄ ChnsS {]kàamWv. "\mw CtXhsc ]n´pSÀ¶ph¶ ]mX amäp¶nsæn ]cn]qÀW AÔImcambncn¡pw ^ew'” apXemfn¯¯ntâXmb [\m[n]Xy]mX hn«v kaXz¯nsâbpw ØmbnXz¯ntâXpamb P\m[n]Xy]mX ssIs¡mtÅWvSnbncn¡p¶p. k¼¶À X§Ä¡p h¶ptNcp¶ k¼¯v F§s\ hn\ntbmKn¡Wsa¶dnbmsX AXy´w amcIambn«pÅ D]t`mK{`m´n\Snas¸«psImWvSncn¡p¶p. AhcpsS D]t`mK\nehmcamWp Zcn{ZÀ X§fpsS e£yambn¡mWp¶Xv. Hcn¡epw t\Sm\mIm¯ kZm AI¶pt]mIp¶ Hcp e£yamWXv. ]cn[nbpÅ {]IrXnhn`h§sf C¯c¯n kZm hÀ[n¨psImWvSncn¡p¶ NqjW¯n\v Gsd\mÄ hnt[bam¡m³ ]änÃ. hn`hZmcn{ZywsImWvSv Cu \qämWvSnsâ cWvSmw ]IpXnbn¯s¶ hnIk\w \ne¨pt]mIpw. `mhnXeapdIfptSXà Ct¸mÄ hfÀ¶phcp¶ XeapdbpsS PohnXwXs¶ ZpÊlambn¯ocpw. km¼¯nI hfÀ¨bn Du¶ns¡mWvSpÅ, In\nªnd¡eneqsS tIheZmcn{Zyw CÃmXm¡msa¶p hnizkn¨psImWvSpÅ, ]mcnØnXnI hn`htimjW {]iv\§Ä¡p `mhnXeapd ]cnlmcwIWvSpsImÅpsa¶ AÔhnizmk¯n\Sns¸«psImWvSpÅ t]m¡v B[p\nI hnIk\s¯ Bgtadnb {]XnkÔnbnse¯n¡pw.

(teJI³ KmÔnb³ km¼¯nIimkv{XÚ\pw KmÔnPn hnNmc]cnj¯v I¬ho\dpamWv).


]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\p `ojWnbmIp¶ kp{_lvaWyw I½nän

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Xncph©qÀ cm[mIrjvW³(h\w, ]cnØnXn, KXmKX, ImbnI,kn\na hIp¸v a{´n)

G{]n 6, 7 XobXnIfn UÂlnbn tNÀ¶ h\w, ]cnØnXn a{´namcpsS tbmKw Cu taJebpambn _Ôs¸« hyXykvX hnjb§Ä ka{Kambn NÀ¨sNbvXp. amen\yw k¼¯m¡n amäm\pÅ amÀK§Ä, aen\oIcWhpambn _Ôs¸« hnjb§Ä, ssPhsshhn[yw, ImemhØm hyXnbm\w, ]ÝnaL«w DÄs¸sSbpÅ ]cnØnXnteme {]tZi§fpsS kwc£Ww F¶o hnjb§Ä tbmKw hniZambn ]cntim[n¨p.

]cnØnXn kwc£W cwK¯v tIcfw kzoIcn¨n«pÅ hnhn[ \S]SnIÄ tbmK¯n hniZoIcn¨p. tIcf¯nsâ `q{]tZi¯nsâ 29 iXam\w Ct¸mgpw h\`qanbmbn kwc£n¡m³ Ignbp¶Xv kwØm\¯nsâ t\«ambn s]mXpth AwKoIcn¡s¸«p. h\kwc£W¯n am{Xaà BZnhmknIfpsS AhImi§Ä kwc£n¡p¶Xn\mbn tIcfw kzoIcn¨ \S]SnIfpw tbmK¯n ]cmaÀin¡s¸«p. t^mdÌv kÀth dnt¸mÀ«v {]Imcw kwØm\s¯ h\taJebpsS hnkvXoÀWw 2011þse 11209 NXpc{iIntemaoädnÂ\n¶v 2014þ 11265 NXpc{iIntemaoädmbn hÀ[n¨p. dh\yq`qan h\`qanbm¡n amäp¶Xn tIcfw ssIhcn¨ t\«waqeamWv CXv km[yambXv. AXpt]mseXs¶ tIcf¯nse ISphIfpsS F®w \mjW ssSKÀ I¬kÀthj³ AtYmdnänbpsS IW¡pIÄ{]Imcw Cu Imebfhn 71þ \n¶v 136 Bbn hÀ[n¨p. ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\mbn tIcfw \S¯p¶ apXÂapS¡pw AXn\p thWvSnhcp¶ A\p_Ô sNehpIfpw tI{µkÀ¡mÀ hlns¨¦n am{Xta kpØncamb ]cnØnXnkwc£W ]²XnIfpambn apt¶m«pt]mIm³ kwØm\¯n\p Ignbq F¶v tbmK¯n kwØm\w hyàam¡n.

Cu hnjb§tfmsSm¸w tbmK¯n {][m\ NÀ¨mhnjbw ]cnØnXnhIp¸nsâ {]hÀ¯\§fpw {]{InbIfpw \nba§fpw N«§fpw ]cnjvIcn¨v efnXam¡m\pÅ in]mÀiIÄ kaÀ¸n¡m³ \ntbmKn¨ Sn.Fkv.BÀ.kp{_lvaWyw I½nänbpsS dnt¸mÀ«v \S¸m¡p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨mbncp¶p. {]YaZrjvSymXs¶ Cu dnt¸mÀ«v tImÀ]tdäpIÄ¡p hyhkmbnI kwcw`§Ä Bcw`n¡p¶Xn\p thWvS ]mcnØnXnIm\paXnIÄ A\mbmkw t\SnsbSp¡p¶Xn\p thWvSnbpÅXmsW¶p hyàamWv. BtKmfXe¯nÂXs¶ amXrIm]csa¶p hntijn¸n¡s¸Sp¶, ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\v A\ptbmPysa¶v hnebncp¯s¸«n«pÅ Bdp \nba§fn shÅw tNÀ¡p¶Xn\pÅ in]mÀiIfmWv dnt¸mÀ«n DÄs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅXv. F³hb¬saâv s{]m«Ivj³ BIvSv, t^mdÌv I¬kÀthj³ BIvSv, sshÂUv sse^v s{]m«Ivj³ BIvSv, hm«À BIvSv, FbÀ BIvSv, C´y³ t^mdÌv BIvSv F¶nhbn kaqeamb amä§fmWp I½nän in]mÀi sNbvXncn¡p¶Xv.

\mjW F³hb¬saâv amt\Pvsaâv AtYmdnänbpw tÌäv F³hb¬saâv amt\Pvsaâv AtYmdnänbpw cq]oIcn¡m³ I½nän in]mÀi sN¿p¶p. hymhkmbnI kwcw`§Ä¡v GIPmeI ¢nbd³kv \ÂIpIbmWv Cu AtYmdnänIfpsS {]mYanI NpaXe. kwØm\§Ä¡v Cu AtYmdnänIfpsS cq]oIcW¯ntem {]hÀ¯\¯ntem bmsXmcp ]¦pw DWvSmbncn¡nÃ. kwØm\ kanXnIfpsS AwK§sf \nban¡p¶Xv tI{µKh¬saâmbncn¡pw. CXv C´y³ `cWLS\ hn`mh\wsN¿p¶ s^Ud kwhn[m\¯n\p hncp²hpw kwØm\§fpsS A[nImc§fnt·epÅ \Kv\amb IS¶pIbähpambncn¡pw. XnI¨pw tI{µoIrXamb, {]mXn\n[ykz`mhanÃm¯, DtZymKØ ta[mhnXzapÅ Hcp AtYmdnänbmWv I½nän hn`mh\w sN¿p¶Xv. Cu I½nänbpsS ]¡epÅ ]cnØnXn kw_Ôamb hnhc§Ä s]mXpkaql¯nsâ ]cntim[\IÄ¡p e`yamIp¶Xn\v hnLmXamIp¶ hIp¸pIfmWv I½nänbpsS in]mÀiIfnepÅXv. bp]nF Kh¬saâv hn`mh\w sNbvX kzX{´ hnZKv[sc DÄs¸Sp¯n cq]oIcn¡p¶ kzbw`cWmhImiapÅ \mjW F³hb¬saâv Ass{]k B³Uv amt\Pvsaâv AtYmdnänbpsS k¦Â]¯n\p hncp²amb Bib§fmWv \nÀZnjvS AtYmdnänIÄ apt¶m«phbv¡p¶Xv.

h\§fpsSbpw {]IrXnhn`h§fpsSbpw kwc£W¯n\p kwØm\§Ä¡pÅ A[nImc§Ä KWyambn sh«n¡pdbv¡p¶ \nÀtZi§fmWv Sn.Fkv.BÀ.kp{_lvaWyw I½nän in]mÀi sNbvXncn¡p¶Xv. CXp kw_Ôamb FÃm hnjb§fnepw kwØm\§Ä tI{µkÀ¡mcnsâ AwKoImcw t\tSWvSnhcpw. ^e¯n amen\ykw`cWhpw aen\oIcW \nb{´Whpw am{Xamhpw kwØm\§fpsS A[nImc]cn[nbn DÄs¸SpI.

Cu dnt¸mÀ«v \S¸m¡p¶Xphgn BZnhmknIfpsSbpw DucpIq«§fpsSbpw XmXv]cy§Ä AhKWn¨v tImÀ]tdäv XmXv]cy§Ä DbÀ¯n¸nSn¡m\mWv tI{µkÀ¡mÀ e£yanSp¶Xv. h\mhImi \nba{]Imcw \nÀ_ÔnXam¡nbn«pÅ DucpIq«§fpsS k½Xw F¶ N«w ]n³hen¡m\mWv I½nän in]mÀi sNbvXncn¡p¶Xv. CXv BZnhmknIfpsS AhImi§Ä¡v I\¯ Xncn¨SnbmIpw. h\taJebn h³InS ]²XnIÄ¡v BZnhmknIfpsS k½Xw t\Snbncn¡Wsa¶p temI_m¦vt]mepw \njvIÀjn¨n«pÅXmWv. BZnhmknIfpsS AhImi§fpw DucpIq«§fpsS A[nImc§fpw kwc£n¡Wsa¶Xv kp{]owtImSXnbpw AwKoIcn¨XmWv. tImÀ]tdäv XmXv]cy§Ä kwc£n¡m³ BZnhmknIfpsS AhImi§fpw ]cnØnXn \nba§fpw _enIgn¡m³ A\phZn¨pIqSm.

h³InS hyhkmb§Ä kzbw ]cntim[\ \S¯n "D¯ahnizmk'¯n \S]Sn kzoIcn¡Wsa¶mWp I½nän dnt¸mÀ«v Bhiys¸Sp¶Xv. Cu kzbw]cntim[\ Dd¸m¡m³ Hcp kwhn[m\hpw I½nän \nÀtZin¡p¶nÃ. \mÂ]XphÀjwsImWvSv cmPyw ]Sp¯pbÀ¯nb ]cnØnXn kwc£W kwhn[m\§sfbpw \nba§sfbpw A{]kàam¡p¶XmWp I½nänbpsS in]mÀiIÄ. tZiob lcnX ss{S_yqWensâ A[nImc§Ä sh«n¨pcp¡n ]cnØnXn kw_Ôamb FÃm XÀ¡hnjb§fpw kp{]owtImSXnbpsS ]cnKW\bv¡v hnSm\mWv \nÀtZiw. kp{]owtImSXnbpsS t^mdÌv s_©n tIkpIÄ AanX`mcw aqew XoÀ¸mImsX sI«n¡nS¶t¸mgmWv tZiob lcnX ss{S_yqW cq]oIcn¨sX¶ hkvXpX dnt¸mÀ«v Xbmdm¡nbhÀ kuIcy]qÀhw hnkvacn¡p¶p.

]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\pÅ C´ybpsS {]Xn_²X Dd¸m¡p¶ A´mcmjv{S IcmdpIfpsS ewL\amWv I½nänbpsS \nÀtZi§Ä. ip²amb hmbphn\pw Pe¯n\pw k´penXamb BhmkhyhØbv¡papÅ P\§fpsS AhImis¯ AhKWn¨v h³InS hym]mchyhkmb Øm]\§fpsS XmXv]cy§Ä¡p ap³KW\ \ÂIpIbmWv dnt¸mÀ«nsâ Dt±iyw. thWvS{X IqSnbmtemN\Itfm ]cntim[\Itfm IqSmsX aq¶pamkwsImWvSv X«n¡q«nb dnt¸mÀ«v \S¸m¡nbm a®nt\mSpw a\pjytcmSpw hcpw XeapdItfmSpw sN¿p¶ sImSpw]mXIamhpw. a{´namcpsS tbmK¯n tIcf¯nsâ ISp¯ hntbmPn¸v iàamb coXnbn Adnbn¨n«pWvSv. dnt¸mÀ«v


kn²m´hpw X{´hpw tImÀ¯nW¡n sb¨qcn

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{]tXyI teJI³

amÀIvknÌv ]mÀ«nbpsS BZy P\d sk{I«dn ]p¨e]Ån kpµc¿ P\n¨p 39 hÀj¯n\p tijamWp koXmdmw sb¨qcn P\n¨Xv. 1952Â.

kpµc¿ 1976 P\d sk{I«dn Øm\w cmPnh¨p. (ASnb´cmhØbvs¡Xntc ]mÀ«n kzoIcn¡Wsa¶p Xm³ IcpXnb X{´hpw \bhpw ]mÀ«n AwKoIcn¡m¯Xn {]Xntj[n¨mbncp¶p cmPn). Ct¸mÄ B{Ô{]tZinÂ\n¶p kpµc¿bvs¡mcp ]n³Kman hcp¶Xv B cmPn¡p 39 hÀjw {]mbambt¸mÄ .

kmayw Ipdhv

kpµc¿bpw sb¨qcnbpw X½nepÅ kmayw AhnsS Xocp¶p. B{Ô{]tZinse s\ÃqÀ PnÃbn P·nIpSpw_¯nemWp kpµc¿ P\n¨Xv. B{Ôm {_mlvaW\mb sb¨qcnbpsS ]nXmhv kÀthizc tkmabmPn sb¨qcn tdmUv {Sm³kvt]mÀ«v tImÀ]tdj\nse DtZymKØ\mbncp¶p.

hn¹h]mXbnÂ\n¶p ISpInS hyXnNen¡m³ A\phZn¡m¯ ISpw]nSn¯¡mc\mbncp¶p kpµc¿. {]Xybimkv{X ip²nbn \njvT]peÀ¯nb H¶mw Xeapd IayqWnÌv.

hyXykvX\mw sb¨qcn

\mep ZimЯn\ptijw kn]nF½nsâ Xe¸¯v F¯p¶ B{Ô¡mc\mb sb¨qcn CXn\p t\Àhn]coXamWv. hn«phogvNIfpsS cmjv{SobIebn \njvWmX\mWp sb¨qcn. {_n«\n t]mbn D¶X hnZym`ymkhpw IayqWnÌv Bib§fpw t\Snh¶ {]Imiv Imcm«nÂ\n¶pw C¡mcy¯n sb¨qcn hyXykvX\mWv. {]Xybimkv{X ip²nsb¸änbà cmjv{Sob apt¶äs¯¸änbmWp sb¨qcn Nn´n¡pI.

t\¸mfnse AXniàamb amthmbnÌv {]Øm\s¯ ]mÀesaâdn ]mXbnte¡p sImWvSph¶Xp sb¨qcnbmWv. {]NÞbS¡apÅ amthmbnÌv t\Xm¡fpambn sb¨qcn amk§tfmfw NÀ¨ \S¯nbmWv Cu am\km´cw km[yam¡nbXv. kpµc¿bpsS Xeapdbv¡p Nn´n¡mt\ h¿m¯ Imcyw.

amä¯n\pthWvSn

B Xeapdbv¡v ANn´yambXmWv C¶p kn]nF½n\p thWvSsX¶ hnizmkamWp kn]nFw tI{µI½nän AwK§sf sb¨qcnbnte¡p ASp¸n¨Xv. 2008 H¶mw bp]nFbpambpÅ _Ôw C´yþ bpFkv BWhIcmdnsâ t]cn Dt]£n¡m³ sb¨qcn t\Xmhmbncps¶¦n ]mÀ«n XbmdmInÃmbncp¶p F¶p hnizkn¡p¶hcmWv Gsd. cmjv{Sob kJy§Ä DWvSm¡p¶Xnepw IqSpX AbhpÅ kao]\w sb¨qcnbnÂ\n¶p ]ecpw {]Xo£n¡p¶p.



F¶pw H¶ma³

Imcm«nsâ aq¶p Imemh[nbnepw kn]nF½nsâ _mlyapJhpw am[ya§fnse km¶n[yhpw sb¨qcnbptSXmbncp¶p. ^Ìv ¢mkpImcn H¶ma\mbn kn_nFkvC ]¯mw ¢mkv ]mkmbXp apX sNÃp¶ CS§fnseÃmw H¶mw Øm\w sb¨qcnbpsS ioeambn. AXpsImWvSpXs¶ Xt¶¡mÄ \mep hbkv IqSpXepÅ Imcm«v Hgnbpt¼mÄ H¶mw Øm\w asämcmÄ¡p t]mInsöp sb¨qcn¡v Adnbmambncp¶p.

sPF³bphnÂ\n¶v

PhlÀem s\lvdp kÀhIemimebnÂ\n¶p [\imkv{X¯n HmtWgvkv _nFbpw FwFbpw ]mkmb At±lw ]nF¨v.Un. ]qÀ¯nbm¡nbnÃ. ImcWw ASnb´cmhØ. Iptd¡mew ASnb´cmhØbvs¡Xncmb Hfn{]hÀ¯\§fnteÀs¸«p. ]ns¶ XS¦enembn. ASnb´cmhØ Ignªt¸mÄ sPF³bp ÌpUâvkv bqWnb³ {]knUâmbn. Hcp hÀjw aq¶p XhW sXcsªSp¸p \S¶t¸mÄ aq¶p XhWbpw sb¨qcn Pbn¨p. ]ns¶ FkvF^vsF t\XrXz¯nÂ. FkvF^vsF {]knUâv ]Z¯nÂ\n¶p kn]nFw {]hÀ¯\¯nte¡v. 1984 32þmw hbkn kn]nFw tI{µ I½nänbn £Wn¡s¸« AwKambn. 1985 tI{µI½nän AwKw. ‘88þ ]mÀ«n tI{µ sk{It«dnbäv AwKw. HSphn 1992 14þmw ]mÀ«n tIm¬{Kkv sb¨qcnsb t]mfnäv _yqtdmbn FSp¯p. 2005 apX _wKmfnÂ\n¶p cmPyk`mwKamWv.

_豈 Gsd

]mÀesaânse Gähpw {i²n¡s¸Sp¶ {]kwKIcnsemcmfmWp sb¨qcn. H¸w {]Xn]£\ncsb GtIm]n¸n¨p \nÀ¯p¶ X{´Ú\pw. I£n_ԧġXoXamb hyàn_Ôw kq£n¡p¶Xn sb¨qcn {]tXyIw {i²n¡p¶p. CSXp]£ AwKkwJy ]mÀesaân Ipdªphcp¶ \mfpIfn sb¨qcnbpsS hmKvanXbpw X{´§fpamIpw CSXnsâ Icp¯v.

hn«phogvNbpsSbpw DÄs¡mÅensâbpw kao]\w sb¨qcnbpsS Ime¯p IayqWnÌv ]mÀ«nIfpsS sFIy\o¡¯n\p thKw ]IÀt¶¡mw. kab]cn[n hbv¡m\mhnsænepw kn]nsFbpambn sFIyw A\nhmcyamsW¶p Øm\taä tijapÅ BZy am[ya A`napJ¯n sb¨qcn ]dªXp {]tXyIw {i²nt¡WvSXmWv.

I®pXpd¶p Ifn¡pw

]mÀ«n¡pÅn `n¶ {Kq¸pIÄ DsWvS¶p Xpd¶p k½Xn¡m³ Imcm«n\p Xm³ ]ncnbp¶Xphsc Im¯ncnt¡WvSnh¶p. sb¨qcnbmIs« {Kq¸pIÄ F¶ bmYmÀYys¯ AwKoIcn¨psImWvSmWp XpS§p¶Xv. I®S¨p Ifn \nb{´n¡p¶Xnepw \ÃXp I®p Xpd¶p Ifn¡p¶XmWv. sb¨qcn I®p Xpd¶p Ifn¡pIbpw Ifn \nb{´n¡pIbpw sN¿pw. AXn\pÅ Hu¶Xyw ]mÀ«nbn BÀPns¨Sp¯Xn\p tijamWtÃm At±lw kn]nF½nsâ A©mas¯ P\d sk{I«dn BIp¶Xv. Hcp ]t£ kn]nF½nse bYmÀY Xeapdamäw sb¨qcnbneqsSbmImw kw`hn¡p¶Xv.

koXmdmw sb¨qcn PohnXtcJ

P\\¯obXn: 1952 HmKÌv 12
]nXmhv: ]tcX\mb Fkv.Fkv. sb¨qcn
amXmhv: IÂ]Iw

hnZym`ymkw: {]knUâvkv FtÌäv kvIqÄ \yqUÂln; skâv Ìo^³kv tImfPv \yqUÂln; PhlÀem s\lvdp bqWnthgvknän \yqUÂln; FwF (C¡tWmanIvkv) ]mkmbn, ]nF¨vUn ]qÀ¯nbm¡nbnÃ.

`mcy: koa NnkvXn (sdknUâv FUnäÀ, C´y³ FIvkv{]kv, \yqUÂln. t\cs¯ _n_nkn lnµn kÀhoknsâ UÂln FUnäÀ).
a¡Ä: cWvSp ]p{X·mcpw Hcp ]p{Xnbpw (BZyhnhml¯nse ]p{X\pw ]p{XnbpaS¡w)
]pkvXI§Ä: se^väv lm³Uv ss{Uhv, hm«okv Znkv lnµp cmjv{S, IayqWenkw hgvkkv skIypednkw, tkmjyenkw C³ Szân ^Ìv sk©pdn.


]¯nsâ ]In«pw s]můc§fpw

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jn\p B\¯mcbv¡Â

hoWvSpsamcp FkvFkvFÂkn dnkÄ«v hcpIbmWv. kÀ¡mÀ t\cn«p \S¯p¶ Gähpw henb ]co£sb¶ \nebn asäÃm ]co£IÄ¡panÃm¯ {]m[m\yhpw {]Nmchpw CXn\p e`n¡p¶Xn AZv`pXs¸Sm\nÃ.

C{X {]kàtam?

lbÀsk¡³Udn, bqWnthgvknän, ]nFkvkn ]co£IÄs¡m¶panÃm¯ XbmsdSp¸pIfpw ]Ws¨ehpIfpw FkvFkvFÂkn¡v D]tbmKn¡pt¼mÄ AXn\p X¡ aqeyw B ]co£bv¡p e`n¡p¶nsöXmWp kXyw! GXm\pw hÀj§fmbn FkvFkvFÂkn ^ew 92þ94 iXam\¯nse¯nbncn¡pIbmWtÃm? AXn\ÀYw cWvSp apX F«p hsc iXam\w Ip«nIÄ am{Xw XpSÀ]T\¯n\v AÀlX t\Sp¶nà F¶XmWv. F¶mÂ, hmkvXh¯n HcpIme¯pw FkvFkvFÂkn¡p \qdpiXam\w hnPbw kwØm\¯pWvSmhpIbnÃ. AXmbXv, hnhn[ ImcW§ÄsImWvSv tIcf¯net§mfant§mfapÅ e£¡W¡n\p Ip«nIfn hfscb[nIw t]À Ht¶m AXne[nItam ]co£Ifn lmPcmImsX t]mIp¶pWvSv. asämcp ]co£IÄ¡panÃm¯hn[w GXmWvSv cWvSmgvNbne[nIw XpSÀ¨bmb Zn\§fn \oWvSp\n¡p¶ Cu ]co£bn (amÀ¨v amk¯nse sImSpwNqSpw ]cnKWn¡Ww) AkpJ§ÄsImtWvSm `bwsImtWvSm Hs¡ At\Iw Ip«nIÄ ]co£bn ]s¦Sp¡msX t]mIp¶pWvSv. AhscÃmw ]co£m^ew hcpt¼mÄ ap¼p ]dª tXmä Ip«nIfn s]Sp¶hcmsW¶p Npcp¡w. C§s\ ]co£sbgpXmsX ]cmPbs¸« Ip«nIsf Hgnhm¡nbm ctWvSm aqt¶m Ip«nIÄ am{XamWv ]¯mw ¢mkv ]co£bn tXm¡p¶Xv F¶XmWp {i²nt¡WvSXv. A§s\ hcpt¼mÄ tIhew ctWvSm aq¶p iXam\w Ip«nIfpsS XpSÀ]T\w XSbm³ am{Xw \S¸m¡p¶ ]co£bpsS C¶s¯ t]m¡v hniIe\w sN¿s¸tSWvSXpXs¶.

XbmsdSp¸pIÄ AXn`oIcw

kn_nFkvC t]mepÅ ]e kne_kpIÄ kwØm\¯psWvS¦nepw _lp`qcn]£w c£nXm¡fpw Ip«nIfpw kwØm\ kne_kv kvIqfpIsfbmWv B{ibn¡p¶Xv. A\Àlcmb Ip«nIÄt]mepw kÀ¡mÀ \bw aqew H¼Xmw ¢mkv hsc tXmÂhnbdnbmsXbpw ]et¸mgpw A£cw t]mepadnbmsXbpw ]¯mw ¢mknse¯nt¨cp¶p.

A[ym]Isctbm kvIqfns\tbm H¶pw ]gn¨n«p ImcyanÃ; H¶pw ]Tn¨nsænepw Ahsc tXm¸n¡nà F¶ Xncn¨dnhneqsSbmWv Ip«nIÄ kvIqÄ ]T\Imew XÅn\o¡p¶Xv. AXn\m Hc£cw ]Tn¡mt\m Iãs¸Smt\m Ip«nIfn `qcn`mKhpw XbmdmIp¶nÃ. Ip«nIsf shdp¸n¡m³ Ignbm¯ c£nXm¡Ä A[ym]Isc Ipäw ]dbp¶psh¶pam{Xw! ]dªphcp¶Xv ]¯nse s]mÃm¸pIÄ `oIcamsW¶mWv.

tabvamkmcw`¯n Xs¶ sslkvIqÄ A[ym]IÀ XpS§pIbmbn... kvs]j ¢mkpIÄ, ssSwtS_nfpIÄ, tamÀWnwKvþCuh\nwKv ¢mkpIÄ, Ip«n C¶phsc IWvSn«nÃm¯hn[w sSÌv t]¸dpIÄ, BhÀ¯n¨pÅ ¢mkv, ]nSnF tbmK§Ä, Iu¬kenwKpIÄ, P\{]Xn\n[nIfpw {]mtZinI `cWIqS§fpsams¡ GsäSp¯p \S¸m¡p¶ \qdp iXam\w e£ym[njvTnX {]hÀ¯\§Ä... H¼XpsImÃs¯ ]T\Imebfhnsem¶pw IWvSn«nÃm¯hn[w izmkwap«n¡p¶ CSs]SepIfpambn A[ym]Icpw c£nXm¡fpw kÀ¡mcpsams¡ ]¯n am{Xw kPohamIp¶p. ]e Ip«nIfpw kln¡h¿msX FXnÀ¡m³ ]cnioen¡p¶XnhnsSbmWv...!

]¯pw kÀ¡mcpw

kwibw thWvS, kÀ¡mÀ sajn\dn Gähpw IqSpX kabhpw ]Whpw sNehgn¡p¶Xv FkvFkvFÂkn¡pXs¶. ]co£m t\m«n^nt¡j³ Bbn¡gnªm Hm¬sse³ F enÌv Xbmdm¡epIÄ XpS§n No^v kq{]WvSpamscbpw aäv A\p_Ô ]co£m \S¯n¸pImscbpsams¡ ]co£m`h³, XpS§nb GP³knIfpsS t\XrXz¯n \nban¡pIbmbn.

Gsd clkymßIambn (A\ykwØm\¯pÄs¸sS) Xbmdm¡p¶ tNmZyt]¸dpIÄ ]co£bv¡p Znhk§Ä¡p ap¼pXs¶ hnhn[ UnCHIfnse¯n¨v (PnÃm hnZym`ymk Hm^okpIÄ) AhnsS No^vsU]yq«n No^v kq{]WvSv, hnZym`ymk Hm^okÀ, AhcpsS IognepÅ Ìm^v XpS§nbhcpsS t\XrXz¯n XcwXncn¨v hnhn[ {SjdnIfn t]meokv AI¼SntbmsS sImsWvS¯n¨v, AXXv ]co£mZn\§fn {]tXyIw hml\§fn t]meokv AI¼SntbmsS ]co£m skâdpIfnse¯n¡pwhsc F{Xam{Xw Imcy£ahpw k¦oÀWhpamWv Imcy§Ä. FhnsSsb¦nepw ]nghv kw`hn¨m AXp kÀ¡mcpw am[ya§fpw GsäSp¡pIbmbn. D¯chmZnIfmb DtZymKØcpsS Imcyw ]dbpIbpw thWvS!

F¶mÂ, ]e kvIqfpIfnepw sXm«Sp¯ apdnbntem sI«nS¯ntem bmsXmcp ImhepanÃmsX kq£n¨ncn¡p¶ lbÀsk¡³Udn tNmZyt]¸dpIfpw \S¯n¸pcoXnIfpw FkvFkvFÂkn ]co£m \S¯n¸nsâ adp]pdamsW¶XmWv ckIchpw IuXpIIchpamb Imcyw! FkvFkvFÂkn H¼Xp Znhkt¯mfw XpSÀ¨bmbn ]co£sbgpXpt¼mÄ lbÀsk¡³Udn¡v shdpw BdpZnhkw ]co£sbgpXnbm aXn. tImfPpIfnÂt]mepw ]co£m tNmZyt]¸dpIfpsS F®w Ipdhmbncns¡ F´n\mWv ]Xn\©p hbkpImcs\s¡mWvSv C{Xb[nIw ]co£sbgpXn¡p¶Xv?

aqey\nÀWb Iym¼pIfpw A[ym]Icpw

bqWnthgvknän ]co£bn FÃm Ip«nIfpw tXmä ]co£bn ]p\Àaqey\nÀWb¯n F ¹kpIfpÄs¸sS h³ amÀ¡pIfmbn ]cnWan¨ hmÀ¯bv¡v GXm\pw Zn\§fpsS am{Xw ]g¡tabpÅq. AhnsS BZyw aqey\nÀWbw \S¯nb A[ym]IÀs¡Xntc Fs´¦nepw \S]Sn hcpsat¶m, B \S]Snsb GsX¦nepw A[ym]IÀ `bs¸Spsat¶m C¶m«nse hIXncnhpÅ Bcpw hnizkn¡nÃþ(am[ya§fn hmÀ¯bmbm am{Xw Fs´¦nepw \S]SnbpWvSmIpw) A{Xam{Xw D¶X hnZym`ymkcwKw cmjv{SobhXvIcn¡s¸«ncn¡p¶p; bqWnthgvknänIÄ¡p Nne A[ym]Isc sXmSm\mhnÃm¯ AhØ... (IrXyambn tPmen t\m¡p¶ A[ym]IÀ £an¡pI).

F¶mÂ, FkvFkvFÂkn ]co£bnte¡p hcpt¼mÄ A[ym]Icntesdbpw `b¸mtSmsSbmWv knhn Iym¼pIfnse¯pI (tI{µoIrX aqey\nÀWb Iym¼pIÄ). ImcWw GsX¦nepw Ipäw IsWvS¯nbmepWvSmImhp¶ C³{Insaâv I«v sN¿epÄs¸sSbpÅ in£m\S]SnIÄ Xs¶!

Cu hÀjw hnhn[ tkmWpIfnembn 54 skâdpIfn \S¯nb aqey\nÀWbw, Zn\§fpsS F®¡pdhpsImWvSpw A[ym]IcpsS _mlpeywsImWvSpw Iym¼pIfpsS timN\obmhØsImWvSpamWv {i²n¡s¸«Xv. FkvFkvFÂkn dnkÄ«v F{XbpwthKw {]kn²oIcn¡Wsa¶ e£yw A`n\µ\mÀlamsW¦nepw Uyq«n Zn\§fpsS F®w Ipd¨v t]¸dpIfpsS F®w Iq«n \nÀhln¡msa¶ Xocpam\w Iym¼pIfn A[ym]IcpsS {]Xntj[¯n\nSbm¡n. thWvS{X kuIcy§fnÃm¯ Iym¼pIfnepÅ t]¸Àt\m«w A[ym]IcpsS GIm{KX Ipd¨n«psWvS¦n AXp kÀ¡mÀ Ip«nItfmSp sN¿p¶ {IqcXbmWv. A[ym]IÀ¡v Bhiy¯n\v kabhpw kuIcy§fpw \ÂInbn«psWvS¶v Dd¸m¡nbn«p thWw tPmen sN¿n¡m³...

F{Xbpw thKw F¶ X{X¸mSn\nSbn aqey\nÀWb¯nsâ ASnØm\X¯z§Ät]mepw ewLn¡s¸«p. F¨vFkvF Bbn aq¶p hÀjw ]n¶n« A[ym]IÀ thWw t]¸À t\m¡ms\¶ \nbaw Cu hÀjw A«nadn¡s¸«p. kmcanÃ, C\nbpÅ hÀj§fnepw AXpXs¶ XpScm\mWp km[yX; ImcWw, Hmtcm hÀjhpw Øncm[ym]IÀ dn«bÀ sN¿p¶Xns\m¸w ]pXnb A[ym]IÀ \nban¡s¸Sp¶nÃtÃm. FÃmhcpw Znhk¡qen¡mÀ am{Xw! A§s\ hcpt¼mÄ GXm\pw hÀj§Ä¡Iw CubSp¯Imewhsc tImfPpIfn \S¶Xpt]mse aqey\nÀWb¯n\p Znhk¡qen¡mcmb A[ym]IÀ F¯p¶ Imew hnZqcaÃ.

aqey\nÀWb¯nse HuZmcy§Ä

in£m\S]SnIÄ `b¶v A[ym]IÀ aqey\nÀWbw hfsc DZmcam¡nbncn¡p¶p. dohmtezj\mbn FSp¡s¸Sp¶ t]¸dpIfn amÀ¡v IqSnbm BZyw t\m¡nb A[ym]I\v in£ Dd¸v. AXpsImWvSv, Ip«n¡v IqSpX amÀ¡v e`n¨m ]p\Àaqey\nÀWbw F¶ km[yX Hgnhm¡matÃm? amÀ¡v Ipdbv¡Wsa¶p ]dªv Hcp Ip«nbpw t]¸À FSp¸n¡nÃtÃm...?

Cu hÀjs¯ asämcp amäw Hm]vj³ tNmZy§fnemWv. F, _n F¶nhbn GsX¦nepw Hcp tNmZy¯n\p¯cw FgpXnbm aXnsb¶mhiys¸«m km[mcW BZysagpXnb tNmZyamWv ]cnKWn¡pI. F¶men¯hW cWvSpw FgpXnbn«pÅ Ip«nIfpsS D¯c§Ä ]cntim[n¨v GXn\mtWm IqSpX amÀ¡v e`n¨Xv AXv ]cnKWn¡Wsa¶ \nÀtZiamWpWvSmbXv. AXn\ÀYw Hm]vj³ tNmZy¯nsâ {]kànbpw e£yhpw Xs¶ CÃmXm¡n F¶XmWv.

]cnlmcw AIsetbm?

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