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Bßhnizmkw hmt\mfapbÀ¶p bpUnF^v; FÂUnF^n\v A]mb kqN\

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km_p tPm¬

Xncph\´]pcw: Acphn¡cbnse XIÀ¸³ hnPbw bpUnF^nsâbpw kÀ¡mcnsâbpw Bßhnizmkw hmt\mfapbÀ¯pIbmWv. FÂUnF^n\mIs« ISp¯ A]mbkqN\bpw \ÂIp¶p sXcsªSp¸p^ew.

hcm\ncn¡p¶ Xt±ikzbw`cW Øm]\§fnte¡pÅ sXcsªSp¸ns\ bpUnF^n\v C\n IqSpX Bßhnizmkt¯msS t\cnSmw. ASp¯ hÀjw \S¡p¶ \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸n `cW¯pSÀ¨bpWvSmImsa¶p {]Xo£n¡pIsb¦nepw sN¿msa¶mbn bpUnF^n\v.

Acphn¡cbn bpUnF^v ]cmPbs¸«ncps¶¦n AXv apJya{´n D½³ NmWvSnbpsS `cW¯n\pÅ Xncn¨Snbmbn hymJym\n¡s¸Spambncp¶p. kz´w ap¶Wn¡pÅn \n¶pw ]mÀ«n¡pÅn \n¶pw FXnÀ¸pbcpambncp¶p. Hcp]t£ t\Xramäsa¶ Bhiyhpw iàamIpambncp¶p.

sXcsªSp¸p hnPbt¯msS Cu km[yXIsfÃmw ASªncn¡pIbmWv. ap¶Wn¡pÅnepw ]mÀ«n¡pÅnepw D½³ NmWvSn IqSpX Icp¯\mbn amdpIbmWv. kao]Ime Ncn{X¯nsem¶pw Hcp tIm¬{Kkv apJya{´n `cW¯nsâ \memw hÀjw C{X ià\mbncp¶n«nÃ.

Acphn¡c hnPb¯nsâ {][m\ KpWt`màmhv apJya{´nbmsW¶p ]dbpt¼mgpw hnPb¯nsâ s{IUnäv ]qÀWambpw At±l¯n\v AhImis¸Sm³ km[n¡nÃ. bpUnF^nsâ Häs¡«mbpÅ {]hÀ¯\¯nsâ ^eamWv Acphn¡c hnPbw. sI]nknkn {]knUâv hn.Fw. kp[oc\pw B`y´ca{´n ctaiv sN¶n¯ebpw DÄs¸sS tIm¬{Kknsâ {]apJt\Xm¡sfÃmw Acphn¡cbn {]NmcW¯n kPohambncp¶p. apgph³ LSII£n t\Xm¡fpw AhcpsS {]hÀ¯Icpw i_co\mY\p thWvSn ssIsabv ad¶p {]hÀ¯n¨p.

kam\amb coXnbnepÅ Hcp sXcsªSp¸p {]NmcW {]hÀ¯\w bpUnF^v ASp¯ Imes¯m¶pw HcnS¯pw \S¯nbn«nÃ. bpUnF^n\pw tIm¬{Kkn\pw aäp LSII£nIÄ¡psaÃmw hyXykvXamb ImcW§fm ChnsS hnPbw A\nhmcyambncp¶p.

bpUnF^n LSII£nbmb BÀFkv]n \mec ]XnämWvSn\nSbn aÕccwK¯nÃm¯ sXcsªSp¸mbncp¶p C¡pdn Acphn¡cbn \S¶Xv. F¶mÂ, bpUnF^v Øm\mÀYn ]cmPbs¸«m BÀFkv]nbpsS Acphn¡cbnse iàn tNmZyw sN¿s¸Spambncp¶p. FÂUnF^n \n¶p ]pd¯ph¶ BÀFkv]n¡v bpUnF^nsâ hnPbt¯¡mÄ FÂUnF^nsâ ]cmPbw Dd¸phcpt¯WvSXpapWvSmbncp¶p. hnaXieyanÃmsX tIm¬{Kkpw Hs¯mcpatbmsS LSII£nIfpw Hcpan¨p \n¶XmWv bpUnF^v Øm\mÀYnbpsS hnPbw kpKaam¡nbXv.

Pn. ImÀ¯ntIb\v A\pIqeamb klXm]XcwKhpw Øm\mÀYn sI.Fkv. i_co\mYsâ NSpeamb {]hÀ¯\ssienbpw hnPbw Ffp¸am¡n amänb LSI§fmWv.

tIcf cmjv{Sob¯nsâ `mhn Ft§ms«¶p \nÝbn¡m\pÅ sXcsªSp¸v F¶mWv Ccpap¶WnIfpw _nsP]nbpw Acphn¡c sXcsªSp¸ns\ hntijn¸n¨ncp¶Xv. Cu sXcsªSp¸nse ]cmPbw CSXpap¶Wn¡pw kn]nF½n\pta¸n¨ BLmXw NnÃdbÃ. sXcsªSp¸v Pbn¡m\pÅ tijnbnÃm¯ ]mÀ«nsb¶ Btcm]Ww icnhbv¡p¶ {]IS\amWv AhÀ ChnsS \S¯nbXv. bpUnF^v kÀ¡mcns\Xnsc Xo{hP\tcmjw DbÀ¶p\n¡p¶p F¶p {]Ncn¸n¡s¸« ]Ým¯e¯n t]mepw Acphn¡cbn henb tXmÂhn Gäphm§nbXn\p hnizmktbmKyamb \ymbw \nc¯m³ AhÀ¡p km[n¡nÃ.

kÀ¡mcns\Xnsc {]Xn]£w \mfpIfmbn D¶bn¨pt]mcp¶ Btcm]W§Ä P\§Ä XÅn¡fªncn¡p¶p F¶p bpUnF^n\v C\n ]dbmw. temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸nse {]NmcW hnjb§fmb tkmfmÀ, kcnX, kenwcmPv F¶nhbvs¡m¸w C¯hW _mÀtImg IqSn Iq«nt¨À¯n«pw ^eapWvSmbnà F¶nS¯mWp Imcy§Ä \n¡p¶Xv. temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸nse ]cmPbw Acphn¡cbnepw BhÀ¯n¨ncn¡p¶p.

kn]nF½nsâ B`y´ccmjv{Sobs¯bpw Acphn¡c ^ew kzm[o\n¡pw. ]mÀ«n t\XrXzw ]ckyambn XÅn¸dª hn.Fkv. ANypXm\µs\ Bbncp¶p a\knÃma\tkmsS BsW¦nepw apJy{]NmcI\m¡nbXv. hn.Fkv. ]s¦Sp¯ s]mXptbmK§fnseÃmw h¼³ P\¡q«hpsa¯n. cmjv{Sob FXncmfnIsf Bt£]n¨pw ]cnlkn¨papÅ hn.Fknsâ {]kwK§Ä¡p \à ssIbSn In«n. F¶mÂ, thm«p In«nbnÃ. hn.Fkns\ ap¶n \nÀ¯n sXcsªSp¸n\nd§nbmepw Imcyansöv ]mÀ«nbnse FXnÀ]£¯n\p ]dbmw.

kwLS\m]camb NpaXe ]qÀWambn GsäSp¯ ]nWdmbn hnPb\pw \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸n\p ap¼pÅ ]co£W¯n \ãamWp kw`hn¨Xv. tImSntbcn _meIrjvW³ kwØm\ sk{I«dnbmb tijhpw XpSÀ¨bmb ]cmPb§Ä F¶ t]cptZmjw Hgnhm¡m³ km[n¨nÃ.

cmPy`cWw t\Snb _nsP]n thm«p]nSn¡m³ {]m]vXnbpÅ ]mÀ«nbmbn amdnsb¶p sXfnbn¨p. bpUnF^n\pw FÂUnF^n\pw CXp \à kqN\bà \ÂIp¶Xv. CcphcpsSbpw thm«pIÄ A]lcn¨p sImWvSmWv _nsP]n hfcp¶Xv. Acphn¡cbn IqSpX \ãapWvSmbXv CSXp]£¯n\msW¶p am{Xw.

CSXp]£¯p \n¶pÅ thm«p tNmÀ¨ AhcpsS \ne\n¸ns\ Xs¶ A]ISs¸Sp¯p¶ \nebnte¡p hfÀt¶¡mw. temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n Xncph\´]pc¯v CXp {]ISambn IWvSp. AXv Häs¸« {]mtZinI kw`hasöv Acphn¡c sXfnbn¡p¶p.

apJya{´n D½³ NmWvSn Acphn¡cbn `cWt\«§Ä DbÀ¯n¡m«nbmWp thm«p tNmZn¨Xv. {]Xn]£amIs« apJya{´nsbbpw aäp a{´namscbpw Bt£]n¡p¶ Xe¯nte¡p {]NmcWw sImWvSpt]mbn. hyànlXybnte¡p \o§nb {]NmcWcoXn P\w AwKoIcn¨nsöp hyàw. F¶mÂ, AhÀ ]mTw ]Tn¨Xmbn ImWp¶nÃ. A[nImchpw ]Whpw aZyhpap]tbmKn¨p t\Snb hnPbsa¶v CSXp t\Xm¡Ä BhÀ¯n¡pt¼mÄ AhÀ ]cnlkn¡p¶Xp hnPbnIsfbÃ, adn¨v Acphn¡cbnse thm«Àamsc Xs¶bmWv.

Acphn¡c ^ew aäp NnecpsS `mhn IqSn \nÀWbn¡p¶Xmbn amdn. FÂUnF^nsâ `mKambnsænepw BÀ. _meIrjvW]nÅbpw sI._n. KtWjvIpamdpw Acphn¡cbn CSXp{]NmcW thZnIfn kPohambncp¶p. ]n.kn. tPmÀPv BIs« kz´w Øm\mÀYnsb cwK¯nd¡n bpUnF^nsâ ]cmPbw Dd¸m¡m³ {ian¨p. bpUnF^v anI¨ hnPbw t\SnbtXmsS ChcpsS `mhn\o¡§fpw A\nÝnXXz¯nembn.


FcnXobnte¡p {Kokv

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än.kn. amXyp

{Ko¡pImÀ CXn\pap¼p P\lnX]cntim[\ \S¯nbXp cmPhmgvN XpScWtam thWvStbm F¶ hnjb¯nembncp¶p. thWvS F¶mbncp¶p P\hn[n. 1974þembncp¶p AXv.

Ct¸mÄ hoWvSpw lnX]cntim[\ hcp¶p. ASp¯ RmbdmgvN. tNmZyw: {Kokns\ km¼¯nIambn \ne\ndp¯m³ bqtdm]y³ tI{µ _m¦pw (Ckn_n) bqtdm]y³ cmPy§fpw \nÀtZin¨ sNehpNpcp¡epw aäp \S]SnIfpw kzoIcn¡Wtam thWvStbm?

thWvS F¶mWp lnX]cntim[\bv¡p ap³ssIsbSp¯ {][m\a{´n AeIvknkv ko{]mkv B{Kln¡p¶Xv. sNehpNpcp¡ens\bpw aäp bqtdm cmPy§Ä Bhiys¸Sp¶ aäp \n_Ô\Isfbpw hnaÀin¨mWp ko{]mkv F¶ amÀIvknÌv `cW¯nse¯nbXv. hÀj§fmbn XpScp¶ sNehpNpcp¡epw aäpw aqew sRcp¡¯nemb {Ko¡v P\X Bthi]qÀhamWp ko{]mknsâ kndnk ]mÀ«nsb A[nImc¯nteänbXv.

Bthiw ]pdt¯¡p t]mIm\pw

B Bthiw RmbdmgvNs¯ lnX]cntim[\bn XpSÀ¶m {Kokv bqtdm taJebv¡p ]pd¯mIpw. s{KIvknäv F¶p t]cn«p Iptd¡meambn Bi¦tbmsS Im¯ncp¶ kw`hw bmYmÀYyamIpw. Ac \qämWvSntesd \oWvS ]cn{ia§fpsS ^eambn 15 hÀjw ap¼p \nehnÂh¶ s]mXp Id³knbmb bqtdmbnse BZysImgn¨n kw`hn¡pw.

adn¨mWp kw`hn¡p¶sX¦n þ \n_Ô\IÄ kzoIcn¨m þ ko{]mkv cmPnhbv¡pw. {Kokn cmjv{Sob {]XnkÔn hcpw. ]t£ bqtdmtkm¬ \ne\n¡pw. A§s\ BZys¯ henb {]XnkÔnsb AXnPohn¨m bqtdmbpsS Icp¯v IqSpw. {Kokns\ acymZ ]Tn¸n¡m³ ap¶n«p\n¶ IÀ¡i¡mcnbmb PÀa³ Nm³keÀ BwKe saÀ¡Â hoWvSpw hnPbn¡pw.

kw`h§Ä¡p thKw IqSn

]t£ RmbdmgvNhsc Imcy§Ä `{Zambn t]mIptam F¶v Dd¸nÃ. kw`h§Ä AXnthKamWp \o§p¶Xv. shÅnbmgvN cm{XnbmWp ko{]mkv lnX]cntim[\ {]Jym]n¨Xv. C¶v sFFwF^n\p hmbv]mKUp ASbv¡p¶Xn\pÅ hgnkw_Ôn¨p Ckn_nbpambn NÀ¨ \S¯nhcp¶Xn\nsSbmbncp¶p CXv. Ckn_nbpw bqtdm t\Xm¡fpw £p`nXcmbn. C\n {Ko¡v _m¦pIÄ¡v A[nIhmbv] \evInsöv AhÀ {]Jym]n¨p. CtXmsS {Ko¡v [\ImcytaJe {]XnkÔnbnemIpw F¶pd¸mbn. Xn¦fmgvN _m¦pIfnte¡p ]Ww ]n³hen¡m³ Iq«Hm«w DWvSmIpsa¶p ]cs¡ IcpXs¸«p. i\nbmgvNbpw RmbdmgvNbpw FSnF½pIfnÂ\n¶p ]Ww ]n³hen¡m³ henb Xnc¡mbncp¶p.

_m¦pIÄ AS¨p

RmbÀ cm{Xn {][m\a{´n ko{]mkpw {]knUâv t{]mtIm]nkv ]mhvtem]utemkpw H¸n« D¯chv Cd§n. cmPys¯ _m¦pIÄ HcmgvNt¯¡v AS¨nSm\mbncp¶p D¯chv. Pqsse Ggnt\ C\n _m¦pIÄ Xpd¡q. AXphsc FSnF½pIfnÂ\n¶v HcmÄ¡v Hcp Znhkw ]n³hen¡mhp¶ XpI 60 bqtdm am{Xw. {KoknÂ\n¶p hntZit¯¡p ]Ww Abbv¡m\pw ]mSnÃ. tÌm¡v FIvkvtN©pIÄ Xn¦fmgvN AS¨nSm\pw D¯chn ]dªp.

Xn¦Ä ]peÀs¨Xs¶ H«pan¡ FSnF½pIfnsebpw ]Ww XoÀ¶p. \oWvS IyqIfmbncp¶p F§pw. s]t{SmÄ ]¼pIfnepw Xnct¡dn. {Ko¡v P\X hdN«nbnÂ\n¶v FcnXobnte¡p hoWp. temIamIs« A\nÝnXXz¯nsâ AKm[amb sIm¡bpsS h¡nembn.

It¼mf§Ä `oXnbnÂ

C¶se temIsa§pw It¼mf§Ä CSnªp. HmlcnIÄ¡pw DXv]¶§Ä¡pw hnebnSnªp. IS¸{X§Ä¡p ]eni IqSn. bqtdmbpsS hne hoWvSpw CSnªp. kzÀW¯n\p hne IqSn. {IqUv Hmbn hne XmWp.

C\n F´v F¶XmWp tNmZyw. D¯cw htcWvSXv BY³knepw {_kÂknepw \n¶mWv. lnX]cntim[\bn bqtdm]y³ \n_Ô\IÄ kzoIcn¡mw F¶ hn[n DWvSmbm bqtdm¸v Pbn¡pw. ko{]mkv cmPnh¨mepw Csænepw {Kokn\p km¼¯nIklmbw \evIpw. bqtdm Id³knbpsS hnebnSnhv amdpw.

hoWvSpw {ZmIva h¶mÂ...

]t£, AXn\p km[yX Xosc Ipdsh¶mWp s]mXphnebncp¯Â. {Kokv bqtdm hn«pt]mIpw. ]gb {ZmIva Id³kn ASns¨¶p hcpw.

AXp hnPbn¡m\pw t]mIp¶nÃ. cWvSpaq¶p Znhkw sImWvSpXs¶ B Id³kn hnebnÃm¯Xmhpw. ]WvSp {_koepw saIvknt¡mbpw AÀPâo\bpsams¡ AXp sNbvXp ]cmPbs¸«n«pWvSv. hntZi\mWb {]XnkÔnbpw cmPy¯n\p ]pdt¯¡pÅ aqe[\ {]hml hpw XSbm³ aqe[\ \nb{´Ww GÀs¸Sp¯nb ZpÀ_ecmPy§Ä H¶pw hnPbn¨n«nÃ. {]tXyIn¨pw \b]camb Xncp¯epIÄ¡p XbmdmIm¯ cmPy§Ä.

A]hmZapÅXv 1997se Gjy³ {]XnkÔnbpsS Ime¯p aqe[\\nb{´Ww GÀs¸Sp¯nb Gjy³ ISphIÄ (Xmbve³Uv, atejy, Z£nW sImdnb) BWv. AhnS§fn [\ImcytaJebpw B`y´c hyhkmb taJebpw iàambncp¶p. Ahbv¡p {]XnkÔn adnIS¡m³ Ignªp. cWvSp hÀjw ap¼v bqtdm]y³ cmPyamb sFkve³Upw _m¦nwKv {]XnkÔnsb¯pSÀ¶p aqe[\\nb{´Ww GÀs¸Sp¯n. H¸w _m¦nwKv ]cnjvImchpw XpS§n. bqtdm]y³ tI{µ_m¦nsâ DZmcamb klmbhpw AhÀ¡p e`n¨p. Cu amkamWv sFkve³Uv aqe[\\nb{´Ww ]qÀWambn ]n³hen¨Xv.

sXmgnenÃ, ]WhpanÃ

]cmPbw kp\nÝnXamb hgn sXcsªSp¯ {Koknse CSXp `cWIqS¯n\p ap¶nepÅ {]iv\§Ä bqtdm Dt]£n¡p¶tXmsS IqSpItb DÅq. cmPy¯nsâ IS_m[yX ]Xnt\gc e£w tImSn cq] (27,100 tImSn tUmfÀ) BWv; C´ybpsS hmÀjnI _Pänt\mfw hcp¶ XpI. cmPy¯p sXmgnenÃmbva 26 iXam\w; bphm¡fpsS sXmgnenÃmbva 50 iXam\w. A©p hÀjwsImWvSp hmÀjnI k¼¯v (PnUn]n) 25 iXam\w Ipdªp.

CXnte¡p \bn¨Xp \me©p sImÃs¯ sNehpNpcp¡Â \b§fmsW¶p ]dªmWp ko{]mkv lnX]cntim[\ \S¯p¶Xv. sNehpNpcp¡epw aäp km¼¯nI ]cnjvImc§fpw CÃmsX {Kokn\p Xncn¨pIbdm\mhnsöp {_kÂkv BØm\amb bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\pw bqtdm]y³ tI{µ_m¦pw ]dbp¶p.


P\w ko{]mkns\ Xgbptam?

ko{]mkns\ P\phcnbn {][m\a{´n]Z¯nteänb P\w Ct¸mÄ adn¨p Nn´n¡psa¶mWp bqtdmbnse h³iànIfmb PÀa\nbpw {^m³kpw IcpXp¶Xv. {Ko¡v t\XrXzs¯ XÅn¸dbm³ saÀ¡epw {^©v {]knUâv {^m³kzm Hfmµpw XbmdmbXv AXpsImWvSmWv. {Koknse Hcp heXp]£ ]{Xw \S¯nb kÀthbn 57 iXam\wt]À bqtdm]y³ \n_Ô\IÄ kzoIcn¡mw F¶p ]dªp. CSXpNmbvhpÅ asämcp ]{Xw \S¯nb kÀthbn 47 iXam\ambncp¶p ]n´pW. CubmgvNs¯ kw`hhnImk§Ä P\hn[nsb het¯m«p \o¡psa¶p IcpXp¶hcmWv Gsd.

bqtdm Dt]£n¡pt¼mÄ hcmhp¶ \ãw hepXmWv. PnUn]nbpsS ImÂ`mKw \evIp¶ Sqdnk¯n\p s{KIvknäv henb Xncn¨SnbmIpw. {Koknte¡p bqtdmtaJebnÂ\n¶p \nt£]§fpw hcnÃ.

{Koknsâ {]XnkÔn bqtdmbnse BZy sImgn¨nen\p hgnsXfn¨m AXp XpSÀ¡YbpsS XpS¡amIpw F¶pw `oXnbpWvSv. t]mÀ¨pKÂ, kvs]bn³, Cäen XpS§nb cmPy§fpsS km¼¯nItaJeIfpw tamiamWv. AhbpsS _m¦nwKv taJe Ipg¸¯nembm {Ko¡v ]mXXs¶ Ahcpw FSpt¯¡pw.


cmPØm\n _nsP]n [Àak¦S¯nÂ

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kwØm\]cyS\w / kn.sI. Ipcym¨³

Ibv¨n«v Cd¡m³ h¿; a[pcn¨n«p Xp¸m\pw. Cu [Àak¦S¯nemWp cmPØm\n _nsP]n. efnXv tamZn hnhmZ¯n hntZiImcy a{´n kpjabvs¡m¸w cmPØm³ apJya{´n hkpÔc cmsP knÔybpw DÄs¸«Xmbn ]pd¯ph¶ sXfnhpIÄ _nsP]nsb ]nSn¨pebv¡pIbmWv. Btcm]Whnt[bÀ cmPnhbv¡Wsa¶ kqN\ \ÂIn apXnÀ¶ t\Xmhv FÂ.sI. AUzm\nIqSn cwK¯ph¶tXmsS {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZn ]Zvahyql¯n AIs¸«pXpS§nsb¶mWp \nco£IcpsS IW¡pIq«Â. hkpÔcbvs¡Xntc IqSpX Btcm]W§fpambn tIm¬{Kkv C¶sebpw cwKs¯¯nbn«pWvSv.

hkpÔcbnÂ\n¶p apdnthä t\Xm¡Ä _nsP]nbn [mcmfamWv. “sImSp¯h³ ad¶mepw sImWvSh³ ad¡nÃ’F¶Xn\m Ahkcw h¶t¸mÄ i{Xp¡sfms¡ hkpÔcbvs¡Xntc Xncnbp¶Xnsâ kqN\IfmWp e`n¡p¶Xv. hkpÔcbpsS {]lctaähcn km£m \tc{µ tamZnbpw DÄs¸Sp¶p. ]gb N§mXnbmb efnXv tamZn¡p klmbhpw ]n´pWbpw {]Xo£n¨Xpt]mse In«mXmbtXmsSbmWv B tamZnbpw hkpÔcbvs¡Xntc Xncnªncn¡p¶Xv. hkpÔcbpsS c£bv¡p ]mÀ«nbpsS tZiob t\XrXz¯n BfpIÄ IpdbpIbmWv. i{Xp]£¯v AwK_ew IqSp¶papWvSv. F¶mÂ, cmPØm\n ]mÀ«nsb ssI¸nSnbnsemXp¡nbncn¡p¶ hkpÔcsb t\cnSm³ tamZn¡pw AanXvjmbv¡pw ss[cyw In«p¶panÃ.

¥maÀ Xmcw, ]mc¼cy¯nsâ ]n³_ew

cmPØm\nepw a[y{]tZinepw P\kwL¯n\pw _nsP]n¡pw ASn¯dbpWvSm¡nb t\Xm¡fn {]apJbmbncp¶ cmPamXm hnPbcmsP knÔy. tIm¬{KkneqsS cmjv{Sob¯nse¯pIbpw ]n¶oSp kzX{´ ]mÀ«n hgn P\kwL¯nse¯n _nsP]nbpsS Øm]It\Xm¡fn Hcmfmbn amdpIbpw sNbvX t\XmhmWv AhÀ. cmPys¯ Gähpw k¼¶amb cmPIpSpw_¯nse apXnÀ¶ AwKsa¶ \nebn Xsâ apgph³ kabhpw Gsd k¼¯pw _nsP]nsb hfÀ¯m³ sNehgn¨bmfmWp hnPbcmsP knÔy. A\mtcmKyw aqew kPohcmjv{Sob¯nÂ\n¶p amdpt¼mÄ _nsP]nbpsS tZiob sshkv {]knUâmbncp¶p AhÀ.

aI³ am[hdmhp knÔy tIm¬{Kkv t\Xm¡fn {]apJ\mbn hfÀ¶t¸mÄ aIÄ hkpÔc A½bpsS ]mXbn _nsP]nbn ASnbpd¨p\n¶p. cmPamXm F¶p hnfn¨v Ghcpw _lpam\n¨ncp¶ A½bpsS ]n³_ew hkpÔcbpsS hfÀ¨bn henb apX¡q«mbn. Ct¸mgpw hkpÔcbv¡p ]n³_etaIp¶ {][m\ LSI§fnsem¶mWv Cu ]mc¼cyw.

F¶mÂ, A½bpsS XWen am{Xw hfÀ¶ t\Xmhà hkpÔc. 1984 _nsP]nbpsS BZy tZiob FIvknIyq«ohn Xs¶ hkpÔc AwKambncp¶p. ]ntähÀjw bphtamÀ¨bpsS kwØm\ sshkv {]knUâmbn. B hÀjwXs¶ t[m¸qcnÂ\n¶p \nbak`bnse¯n. ]n¶oSv 1998 ]mÀesaânte¡p sXcsªSp¡s¸SpIbpw hmPvt]bn a{´nk`bn hntZiImcy kla{´nbmhpIbpw sNbvXp. hntZiImcy hIp¸v hmPvt]bn t\cn«p ssIImcyw sNbvXncp¶Xn\m hkpÔcbv¡p henb Ahkchpw {]m[m\yhpw ssIh¶p.

1999se cWvSmw hmPvt]bn kÀ¡mcnepw kpÔcbv¡p a{´nØm\w e`n¨p. C¡pdn sNdpInS hyhkmb¯nsâbpw ImÀjnI {Kmahyhkmb¯nsâbpw kzX{´ NpaXebpÅ kla{´nØm\amWp e`n¨Xv. hkpÔc A©p XhW temIvk`mwKambncp¶p.

]n¶oSp kwØm\ cmjv{Sob¯nte¡p Xncn¨ph¶ AhÀ 2003 apX 2008 hsc cmPØm³ apJya{´nbmbn. XpSÀ¶p {]Xn]£ t\Xmhpw. 2013se sXcsªSp¸n Xnf¡amÀ¶ hnPbt¯msSbmWp hkpÔc apJya{´n]Zw Xncn¨p]nSn¨Xv. 200 162 koämWp e`n¨Xv. CXn\nsS _nsP]n tZiob P\d sk{I«dn, kwØm\ {]knUâv XpS§nb Øm\§fpw hln¨v hkpÔc kwLS\m NpaXeIfnepw ]mShw sXfnbn¨p. C¡gnª ]mÀesaâv sXcsªSp¸n ]mÀ«n¡p k¼qÀW hnPbw \ÂInbmWp hkpÔc ¥maÀ XmcambXv. cmPØm\n 25 25 koäpw _nsP]n t\Sn.

an{X§tf¡mÄ IqSpXÂ i{Xp¡Ä

Øncambn an{X§fnÃm¯ cmjv{Sob t\XmhmbmWp hkpÔc Adnbs¸Sp¶Xv. F¶mÂ, i{Xp¡fmIs« F¼mSpapWvSv. 2013se kwØm\ sXcsªSp¸n BZy\mfpIfn {]NmcW¯n\p £Wn¡m¯Xphgn hkpÔc \tc{µ tamZnbpsS A{]oXn¡p ]m{Xambn. A¶p KpPdm¯v apJya{´nbmbncp¶ tamZnsb _nsP]n 2014se sXcsªSp¸n {][m\a{´nØm\mÀYnbmbn {]Jym]n¨ncp¶p. F¶mÂ, ]n¶oSv tamZn {]NmcW¯ns\¯pIbpw h³hnPbw t\SpIbpw sNbvXt¸mÄ tamZnsb ]pIgv¯m\pw AwKoIcn¡m\pw hkpÔc Xbmdmbn.

2012 tI{µ t\XrXzs¯ apÄap\bn \nÀ¯n kwØm\ {]knUâv {]Jym]n¨ {]NmcW PmY apS¡m\pw hkpÔcbv¡p Ignªp. kwØm\ {]knUâpw BÀFkvFknsâ ]n´pWbpÅ t\Xmhpambncp¶ Kpem_v Nµv ISmcnbbmWv 28 Znhks¯ temIv PmKc¬ bm{X {]Jym]n¨Xv. sXcsªSp¸n\v 18 amkw ap¼mbncp¶p CXv. F¶mÂ, ISmcnbbpsS ]£w ASp¯ sXcsªSp¸n apJya{´n¡tkcbmsW¶p Xncn¨dnª hkpÔc iàambn cwKs¯¯n. ]mÀ«n {]knUâv \nXn³ KUvIcn {]XnkÔnbnembn. hkpÔcbv¡p ]n´pW {]Jym]n¨v 50 FwFÂFamcmWp cmPn`ojWn apg¡nbXv. HSphn hkpÔcsb apJya{´nØm\mÀYnbmbn {]Jym]n¨psImWvSmWp _nsP]n sXcsªSp¸ns\ t\cn«Xv. Ct¸mÄ {]XnkÔnbneIs¸«t¸mÄ \tc{µ tamZnbpw ]mÀ«n {]knUâv AanXv jmbpw hkpÔcbv¡p kµÀi\w t]mepw A\phZn¡p¶nÃ.

Hcp Ime¯v ap³ sF]nF sNbÀam³ efnXv tamZnbpw hkpÔcbpw henb N§m¯¯nembncp¶p. hkpÔcbpsS BZy Kh¬saânsâ Ime¯p tamZnbpsS kzm[o\w `cWXe¯n hscbpWvSmbncp¶p. ]e hnjb§fnepw Xocpam\saSp¯ncp¶Xp efnXv tamZnbmbncp¶p. IpSpw_kplr¯mb tamZnbpambn hkpÔc AIep¶Xp Ignª \nbak`m sXcsªSpt¸msSbmWv.

C´ybnte¡p Xncn¨phcm³ Ipdp¡phgnIÄ tXSp¶ efnXv tamZn cmPØm³ {In¡äv Atkmkntbj³ {]knUâmhm\pÅ {ia§Ä \S¯nbncp¶p. PnÃm Atkmkntbj\n kz´¡msc `mchmlnIfm¡nbmWp tamZn Ifsamcp¡nbXv. F¶mÂ, tamZnbpsS tamlw \S¶nÃ. hkpÔcbpsS CSs]S aqeamWp X\n¡p cmPØm³ {In¡äv Atkmkntbj³ {]knUâmIm³ IgnbmsX t]mbsX¶p tamZn¡p hyàamWv. CtXmsS hkpÔcbvs¡Xntc tamZn sXfnhpIÄ ]pd¯phnSpIbmbncp¶p. Hcn¡Â tamZnsb klmbn¡m³ hkpÔc \ÂInb kXyhmMvaqeamWv Ct¸mÄ ]pd¯ph¶ncn¡p¶Xv. CXp hkpÔcbpsS cmjv{Sob`mhnbn Icn\ngembn amdn¡gnªp.

_nsP]nbpsS ]m¸c¯w

_nsP]nbpsS hnf\neamWp cmPØm³. KpPdm¯v t]mse `cW¯pSÀ¨ DWvSmbnsænepw kwØm\¯p _nsP]n¡p XnIª kzm[o\apWvSv. D]cmjv{S]Xnbmbncp¶ ap³ cmPØm³ apJya{´n ss`tdm¬ knwKv siJmh¯nsâ ]n³KmanbmbmWp hkpÔc kwØm\ cmjv{Sob¯n A[nImcapd¸n¨Xv.

tI{µa{´nbmbpÅ A\p`h§fpw A©p XhW Fw]nbmbXnsâ ]n³_ehpw hkpÔcsb kwØm\ ]mÀ«n LSIs¯ ssI¸nSnbnsemXp¡m³ klmbn¨p.

cmPØm\nÂ\n¶pÅ apXnÀ¶ t\Xmhmbncp¶ Pkz´v knwKv kwØm\ cmjvSob¯n _e]co£W¯n\p \n¡msX tI{µ¯n XpSÀ¶Xpw hkpÔcbv¡p ]mÀ«nbn ]nSnapdp¡m³ klmbIcambn. ss`tdm¬ knwKv siJmh¯nsâ ]n³Kmanbmbn htcWvSnbncp¶Xp Pkz´v knwKv BsW¶p \nco£n¡p¶hcpWvSv. F¶mÂ, At±lw cmPyk`mwKhpw ]n¶oSv UmÀPnenwKnÂ\n¶pÅ Fw]nbpambn tI{µ`cW¯n XpScpIbmWp sNbvXXv. HSphn 2014 Sn¡äv \ntj[n¨Xns\¯pSÀ¶v At±lw ]mÀ«n hnSpIbpw sNbvXp.

Ct¸mÄ _nsP]n t\cnSp¶ Gähpw henb shÃphnfn cmPØm\n hkpÔcbv¡p ]Icw hbv¡m³ t\Xmhnà F¶XmWv. hkpÔcsb t\cnSm³ X¡ hyàn{]`mhapÅ Bcpw kwØm\¯p\n¶v DbÀ¶ph¶n«nÃ. ]mÀ«n sshkv {]knUâv Hmw amYqÀ, kwØm\ BtcmKya{´n Kpem_v Nµv ISmcnb, cmtP{µ dt¯mUv, L\iymw Xnhmcn XpS§nbhcmWp {]apJcmb aäp t\Xm¡Ä. F¶mÂ, ChÀs¡m¶pw kwØm\s¯ ]mÀ«nbn henb kzoImcyXbnÃ.

\tc{µ tamZn h³ `qcn]£t¯msS kÀ¡mÀ cq]hXvIcn¨t¸mÄ cmPØms\ AhKWn¨Xp henb NÀ¨bmbncp¶p. 25 25 t]scbpw k½m\n¨ kwØm\¯p\n¶v Hcp kla{´nsb am{XamWp tamZn Xsâ a{´nk`bn DÄs¸Sp¯nbXv. \nlm Nµv Bbncp¶p AXv. ]n¶oSp \S¶ a{´nk`m hnIk\¯n jq«nwKv Xmcw cmPhÀ[³ knwKv dt¯mUv, k³hÀ emÂPXv F¶nhsc¡qSn DÄs¸Sp¯n. F¶mÂ, BÀ¡pw Im_n\äv dm¦v \ÂImsX tamZn cmPØm³ LSIs¯ HXp¡pIbmbncp¶p. hkpÔcbpsS B{Klw aI³ Zpjy´ns\ tI{µa{´nk`bn DÄs¸Sp¯Wsa¶mbncp¶p. F¶mÂ, tamZn AXp ]cnKWn¨tXbnÃ.

Ct¸mÄ hkpÔctbmSp cmPnhbv¡Wsa¶p tZiob t\XrXz¯n\v Bhiys¸Sm³ IgnbmsX t]mIp¶Xn\p ]e ImcW§fpapWvSv.

1. hkpÔcsb amänbm AXp sXäpk½Xn¡emIpw. A§s\ sNbvXm kpjasbbpw amtäWvSnhcpw. H¶mw hmÀjnIw BtLmjn¨p \n¡p¶ tamZn kÀ¡mcn\v AXp henb Xncn¨SnbmIpw. AgnaXnclnX `cWsa¶ AhImihmZw s]mfnbpw.

2. hkpÔcbpsS ]n¶n Dd¨p\n¡p¶hcmWp `qcn]£w FwFÂFamcpw. hkpÔcsb apJya{´nØm\¯p\n¶p amänbm AXp ]mÀ«nbn henb s]m«ns¯dnbpWvSm¡pIbpw AhÀ _nsP]n hn«p ]pXnb ]mÀ«n DWvSm¡pIbpw sN¿psa¶p tZiob t\XrXzw `b¡p¶pWvSv. A§s\ h¶m kwØm\¯p _nsP]n¡p henb Xncn¨SnbmIpw.

3. a[y{]tZin apJya{´n inhcmPv knwKv Nulms\Xntc DbÀ¶ Btcm]W§Ä ]mÀ«n \ntj[n¡pIbpw At±l¯n\p ]n´pW \ÂIpIbpw sNbvXncp¶p. Cu B\pIqeyw hkpÔcbv¡pw \ÂIWsa¶ Bhiyw Dbcpw.

4. hkpÔcbv¡p ]Icw hbv¡m³ t\Xm¡fnÃm¯Xp ]mÀ«nsb sh«nem¡p¶p. P\]n´pWbpÅ t\Xm¡fpsS A`mhw cmPØm\n cq£amWv.

5. hkpÔcbpsS cmPn kw`hn¨m tamZn kÀ¡mcnsâbpw ]mÀ«nbpsSbpw {]XnÑmbbv¡p henb If¦apWvSm¡pw. AXv DS³ \S¡m\ncn¡p¶ _nlmÀ \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸n ]mÀ«n¡p I\¯ Xncn¨SnbmIpw.

CsXms¡bmsW¦nepw hkpÔcbpsSbpw aI³ Zpjy´v knwKnsâbpw {]hÀ¯\¯n _nsP]n tZiob t\XrXzw AXr]vXnbnemWv.

aI\pw hnhmZ¯nÂ

efnXv tamZnsb klmbn¨Xn\p hkpÔcbvs¡Xntc sXfnhpIÄ ]pd¯ph¶Xp IqSmsX hkpÔcbpsS aI\pw PemhÀþ_mc¬ aÞe¯nÂ\n¶pÅ Fw]nbpamb Zpjy´v knwKns\Xntcbpw Btcm]W§Ä h¶pXpS§n. efnXv tamZn, Zpjy´nsâ tlm«Â hyhkmb¯n\p h³XpI klmbw \ÂInbXnsâ hnhc§fmWp ]pd¯ph¶Xv. efnXv tamZnbpsS B\µ sldntäPv tlm«Âkv ss{]häv enanäUv F¶ I¼\n Zpjy´nsâ \nbm´v sldntäPv tlm«Âkv ss{]häv enanäUn\p hmbv]bmbpw Hmlcn\nt£]ambpw 21 tImSntbmfw cq]bpsS klmbamWp \ÂInbXv. ]¯p cq] apJhnebpÅ HmlcnIÄ 96,190 cq] hne \nÝbn¨mWp hm§nbXv.

2005emWv Zpjy´v tlm«Â hyhkmb¯nte¡p IS¶Xv. F¶mÂ, 2009  \S¶ sXcsªSp¸n aÕcn¨t¸mÄ Zpjy´v \ÂInb kz¯v kw_Ôn¨ kXyhmMvaqe¯n C¡mcy§sfm¶pw ]cmaÀin¡p¶nsöpw Btcm]WapbÀ¶n«pWvSv. kÀ¡mÀ kz¯mb t[mÂ]pÀ sIm«mcw kzImcy kz¯m¡n amän tlm«Â hyhkmb¯n\v D]tbmKn¡pIbmsW¶pw C¶se tIm¬{Kkv Btcm]n¨p.

A½bpw aI\pw hnhmZ¯nembtXmsS _nsP]n \nebnÃm¡b¯nembn. {]Xntj[§Ä I\¡p¶tXmsS hkpÔcbpsS cmPn A\nhmcyamIpsa¶mWp cmjv{Sob \nco£IÀ IW¡pIq«p¶Xv. AXp _nsP]nbpsSbpw \tc{µ tamZnbpsSbpw IuWvSvUuWnsâ Bcw`amIpsa¶p {]Xn]£hpw {]Xo£n¡p¶p.


A^vKm\nØm\n hoWvSpw Xmen_m³ shÃphnfn

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tUm. kt´mjv thc\m\n

]pWyamkamb daZm\n kam[m\w F¶ ap{ZmhmIyw XÅn¡fªpsImWvSv A^vKm\nØm³ ]mÀesaân\p t\tc Xmen_m³ \S¯nb `oIcm{IaWw taJebnse kam[m\Imw£nIsfbmsI sR«n¨ncn¡pIbmWv. Cuamkw 22þ\p cWvSp aWn¡qÀ \oWvSp\n¶ B{IaW¯n Hcp NmthÀ DÄs¸sS Ggp t]À sImÃs¸SpIbpw 31 t]À¡p ]cnt¡Â¡pIbpw sNbvXp. ]mÀesaâv AwK§Ä¡p Nmthdm{IaW¯n ]cnt¡änsænepw Hc½bpw Ipªpw sImÃs¸SpIbpWvSmbn.

Ignª G{]nen Xs¶ Imemh[n XoÀ¶ ]mÀesaânsâ ASnb´c tbmKw 22þ\p hnfn¨ptNÀ¯Xp ]pXnb {]Xntcm[a{´nbpsS \nba\w AwKoIcn¡p¶Xn\pthWvSnbmbncp¶p. {]knUâv Ajvd^v Km\nbpsS hnizkvX\mb akqw kvX\nIvkmbpsS \nba\w ]mÀesaâv HutZymKnIambn AwKoIcn¡p¶Xn\p apt¼Xs¶ Xmen_m³ NmthdpIÄ B{IaWw Agn¨phn«p. FÃm kpc£mheb§fpw t`Zn¨psImWvSv A^vKm³ ]mÀesaânsâ At[mk`bv¡pÅnÂhscsb¯m³ `oIcÀ¡p km[n¨psh¶Xv A^vKm³ kpc£mtk\bpsS ZuÀ_ey§fnte¡pIqSnbmWp hncÂNqWvSp¶Xv.

2012þepw A^vKm\nØm³ ]mÀesaân\p t\tc Xmen_m³ hn^eamb B{IaWw \S¯nbncp¶p. A^vKm\nØm³ ]p\cp²mcW {]{InbbpsS `mKambn ]mÀesaânsâ \nÀamW¨paXe C´ybmWv GsäSp¯p \S¯p¶Xv. Im_qfnepw ]cnkc§fnepapÅ hntZiobcmb hnZKv[sXmgnemfnIfn \sÃmcp ]¦pw C´y¡mcmWv.

Ignª Unkw_dn \mtäm tk\ ]n·mdnbXn\ptijw Xmen_ms\ X\nsb t\cnSp¶ A^vKm³ ssk\y¯n\p I\¯ shÃphnfnIfmWv AhÀ DbÀ¯p¶Xv. CXn\IwXs¶ cmPys¯ hS¡³ `mK¯pÅ {]hniybmb IpWvSqkn cWvSp PnÃIÄ Xmen_m³ ssIbS¡pIbpWvSmbn. OÀZmcm, Zãn BÀ¨n F¶n§s\ cWvSp PnÃIfn \nb{´Ww t\Snb Xmen_m³ IqSpX {]tZi§fnte¡v AhcpsS kzm[o\w hym]n¸n¡m³ Hcp§pIbmWv. Atacn¡ 9800 AwK§fpÅ Hcp tk\sb Cu hÀjmhkm\w hsc A^vKm\nØm\n \ne\nÀ¯p¶psWvS¦nepw {][m\ambpw A^vKm³ kpc£mtk\bv¡v hnZKv[ ]cnioe\w \ÂIp¶Xn\mWv AhÀ Du¶Â \ÂIp¶Xv.

GXmWvSv 14 hÀjs¯ Atacn¡³ A[n\nthiw Unkw_tdmsS Ahkm\n¸n¨v A^vKm³ kpc£mssk\y¯n\p cmPys¯ kam[m\]me\w Gev]n¨psImSp¯psh¦nepw A{Ia§Ä¡p bmsXmcp IpdhpansömWp IW¡pIÄ kqNn¸n¡p¶Xv. Cu hÀjs¯ BZys¯ aq¶pamk§fn¯s¶ 1800þHmfw km[mcW¡mÀ sImÃs¸SpItbm amcIambn apdnth¡pItbm sN¿s¸«n«pWvSv B cmPy¯v.

2009þ 2412 t]À A^vKm\nØm\n `oIcm{IaW¯n sImÃs¸«n«pWvSv. 2014  BIs« 3699 t]cpw. Atacn¡³ tk\bpsS ]n·mä¯n\ptijhpw ØnXnhnhc¡W¡pIÄ kqNn¸n¡p¶Xp `oIcm{IaW§Ä¡p bmsXmcp IpdhpansömWv.

C¡gnª tabv 14þ\v Im_qfnse Hcp KÌv lukn\p t\tcbpWvSmb Nmthdm{IW¯n 14 t]À sImÃs¸SpIbpWvSmbn. hS¡³ {]hniybmb IpUqknse NÀZcbn Hcp aebmfn DÄs¸sS H¶ce£w BÄ¡mÀ A£cmÀY¯n XS¦enemWv. CXn\nsSbmWp Xo{h CkvemanI {Kq¸mb CkvemanIv tÌänsâ (sFFkv) A^vKm\nØm\nte¡pÅ \pgªpIbä {ia§Ä. CXp Xmen_m\pw sFFkpw X½nepÅ Xpd¶ Gäpap«epIfnte¡mWp Imcy§Ä sImWvSpsNs¶¯n¡p¶Xv. Pq¬ 16þ\p Xmen_m³ Xeh³, sFFkv t\Xmhv A_q_¡À AÂ_KvZmZn¡v Ab¨ I¯n ]dbp¶Xv Hcp ImcWhimepw A^vKm\nØm³ hnjb¯n ssIIS¯m³ X§Ä A\phZn¡nà F¶mWv. hcpwZn\§fn A[nImct]mcm«w Xmen_m\pw sFFkpw X½nembmepw AZv`pXs¸Sm\nÃ.

A^vKm\nØm\nse B`y´c kwLÀj§Ä AbÂcmPy§fpsSbpw Dd¡wsISp¯pIbmWv. {]knUâv Ajvd^v Km\nbpsS `cWIqSw ]m¡nØmt\mSpw ssN\tbmSpw IqSpX ASp¸wIm«p¶p.

laoZv IÀkmbn {]knUâmbncp¶ Imebfhnse C´ym kulrZ \ne]mSpIfnÂ\n¶p K\n `cWIqSw Hcp]mSv ]nt¶m«pt]mbncn¡p¶p. Xmen_msâbpw aäpw {][m\ hcpam\ t{kmXkmb ab¡pacp¶v hym]mchpw IÅ¡S¯pw C´y, ssN\, ]m¡nØm³, djy, Cdm³ apXemb cmPy§Ä¡p ISp¯ `ojWnbmWp krãn¨psImWvSncn¡p¶Xv. ssN\bnse kn³Pnbm³ {]hniybnepÅ DbnKpÀ apkvenw Xo{hhmZnIsf Xmen_m³ klmbn¡p¶Xmbn AhÀ Dd¨phnizkn¡p¶p. djybpsS `uaX{´]camb \b§Ä¡pw \ne]mSpIÄ¡pw at[yjybn Hcp Xmen_m³ hnapà A^vKm\nØm³ DWvSmthWvSXpWvSv. AXpsImWvSpXs¶ Atacn¡³ tk\bpsS ]n·mäw Xmen_msâ DbnÀs¯gpt¶Â¸n\v CSbm¡p¶psh¦n djybpw ssN\bpw shdpsX Ccn¡nsöv Dd¸mWv.

1999þse C´y³ FbÀsse³kv hnam\¯nsâ ImÞlmdnte¡pÅ X«ns¡mWvSpt]mI C¶pw C´y³ a\knÂ\n¶p amªpt]mbn«nÃ. A¡mes¯ A^vKm\nØm\nse Xmen_m³ `cWIqS¯nsâ hnet]iensâ Ibv]v C\nbpw amdnbn«nÃm¯ C´y¡pw Cu ap¶Wnbn Hcp]t£ tNtcWvSXmbn ht¶¡mw. Imemh[n Ignª A^vKm³ ]mÀesaânsâ sXcsªSp¸v DS³ \S¯n P\m[n]Xyw iàns¸Sp¯pI am{XamWv aXXo{hhmZ¯nsâ hym]\w B cmPy¯v XSbm\pÅ GI t]mwhgn. A^vKm³ kam[m\w Z£ntWjybpsS kpc£nXXz¯n\v AXy´m t]£nXamWv.






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