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alm\Kcs¯ hnd¸n¨ kvt^mS\]c¼c

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am¯p¡p«n Sn. Iq«pt½Â

h[in£bvs¡Xntc kaÀ¸n¨ lÀPn C´ybpsS ]ctam¶X \oXn]oTamb kp{]ow tImSXnbpw cmjv{S]Xnbpw XÅnbtXmsS apwss_ kvt^mS\t¡knse {]Xn bm¡q_v taa\p Xq¡pIbÀ Dd¸mbncn¡pIbmWv. 1993 cmPys¯ sR«n¨ apwss_ kvt^mS\]c¼cbpsS kq{X[mc³ F¶ \nebnepw AXn\mbn ]Ww {IaoIcn¨Xn\pw B ]Ww sNehgn¨Xn\pamWv Cu NmÀt«Uv A¡uWvSns\Xnsc tIkv h¶Xv. h[in£ C¶p \S¸mIpIbmsW¦n bm¡q_v taa³ P\n¨ ZnhkwXs¶ in£ F¶ {]tXyIXbpapWvSmIpw.

apwss_ kvt^mS\¯nsâ {][m\ Bkq{XIcn Hcmfpw hntZis¯hnsStbm Hfnhn Ignbp¶bmfpamb ssSKÀ taasâ ktlmZc\mWv bm¡q_v taa³. kvt^mS\t¡kn KqVmtemN\ \S¯nbXn\pw AXn\pÅ km¼¯nI klmbw \ÂInbXn\pw bm¡q_v 1994  Pbnegn¡pÅnembn. bm¡q_ns\ 1994 HmKÌv A©n\v ImTvaÞphnÂh¨v AdÌv sNbvXpsh¶mWp tIkt\zjn¨ kn_nsF ]dbp¶Xv. F¶mÂ, taa³ CXp \ntj[n¡p¶p. 1994 Pqsse 28\v Xm³ t\¸mfnÂh¨v t]meokn\p IogS§pIbmbncp¶psh¶mWp taasâ hmZw. Xq¡nteäs¸«m apwss_ kvt^mS\ ]c¼cbpambn _Ôs¸«p Xq¡nteäs¸Sp¶ BZy hyànbmIpw bm¡q_v. tIkn AdÌnemb aäp ]¯p t]cpsS h[in£ tImSXn Poh]cy´am¡nbncp¶p.

apwss_sb \Sp¡nb kvt^mS\w

1993 amÀ¨v 13 C´ybpsS hmWnPy XeØm\amb apwss_bpsS hnhn[ `mK§fn \S¶ 13 hyXykvX t_mw_v kvt^mS\§fn cmPyw sR«n. kvt^mS\§fn 257 t]À acn¨p. 700 tesdt¸À¡p ]cnt¡äp. acn¨hcpsS F®w t\m¡nbm C´ybn \S¶ Gähpw henb `oIcm{IaWambncp¶p apwss_bnse kvt^mS\ ]c¼c.

hyàamb ]²XntbmsS \S¸m¡s¸« `oIcm{IaW§fnsem¶mbncp¶p CXv. C´y³ a®n kvt^mS\¯n\mbn BÀUnFIvkv D]tbmKn¨ BZy B{IaWambncp¶p CXv. Imdnepw kvIq«dnepambncp¶p kvt^mS\¯nepÅ t_mw_v LSn¸n¨ncp¶Xv. t_mws_ tÌm¡v FIvkvtN©v, IÂ_mtZhn, inhtk\ `h³, \cnam³ t]mbnânse FbÀ C´y sI«nSw, amlnanse ap¡phcpsS tImf\n, hÀen sk©zdn _kmÀ, kmthcn _kmÀ, _m{µbnse tlm«Â kotdm¡v F¶nhnS§fnemWp iàntbdnb kvt^mS\w \S¶Xv.

kvt^mS\w \S¶p cWvSp Znhk¯n\pÅn Xs¶ apwss_ t]meokv kvt^mS\ ]c¼cbpsS Npcpfgn¨p. kvt^mS\¯n A[mtemI\mbI³ ZmhqZv C{_mlnsâbpw taa³ IpSpw_¯nsâbpw t\cn«pÅ _Ôw a\knem¡n.

kvt^mS\hpambn _ÔapsWvS¶p sXfnªXns\¯pSÀ¶p t_mfnhpUv \S³ kRvPbv Z¯ns\ Hcp amk¯n\ptijw AdÌv sNbvXp.

KqVmtemN\

apwss_ kvt^mS\ ]c¼cbpsS {][m\ kq{X[mc·mcmb ssSKÀ taa\pw ZmhqZv C{_mlnapw ZmhqZnsâ ktlmZc³ A\okv C{_mlnapw tNÀ¶v AhcpsS ASp¯ hnizkvXsc Zp_mbnbnte¡p hnfn¨phcp¯n. C¡q«¯n bm¡q_v taa\pw DWvSmbncp¶p.

1992 Unkw_dn\pw 1993 P\phcn¡v CSbnepambncp¶p ChcpsS IqSn¡mgvN. Cu kwL¯nsâ _p²nbn Dcp¯ncnªXmbncp¶p apwss_bn kvt^mS\ ]c¼c \S¯pI F¶ Bibw. Atbm[ybnse _m_dn akvPnZv XIÀ¶tijw apwss_bn \S¶ lnµpþapkvenw elfbn sImÃs¸« apkvenwIfpsS {]XnImcambn«mbncp¶p apwss_ kvt^mS\w \S¯m³ ZmhqZpw kwLhpw Xocpam\n¨Xv.

Cu Bibw \S¸m¡m\pÅ ]Ww {IaoIcn¨Xp bm¡q_v taa\mbncp¶p. kvt^mS\¯n\pÅ XbmsdSp¸v \S¯p¶Xn\pw kvt^mS\kma{KnIÄ F¯n¡p¶Xn\pambn taa³ Xsâ _豈 D]tbmKn¨p. ]e `mK¯p\n¶mbn 21.90 e£w cq] F¯n¨psImSp¯p.

kw`hw \S¶v F«p amk¯n\Iw, 1993 \hw_À \men\p t]meokv At\zjWw ]qÀ¯nbm¡n. ]Xn\mbnc¯ntesd t]PpÅ Ipä]{Xw tImSXnbn kaÀ¸n¨p. CXn kvt^mS\]c¼cbn ]¦psWvS¶p IcpXp¶ 189 t]cpsS t]cpIÄ Ipä]{X¯n ]cmaÀin¨ncp¶p. tIknsâ hnNmcWbv¡mbn SmU tImSXn cq]oIcn¨p. 2001 amÀ¨v apX Pqsse hsc 684 km£nIfpsSbpw samgn tcJs¸Sp¯n. t{]mknIyqjsâ hmZw HtÎm_À 2001  ]qÀ¯nbmbn.

h[in£ hn[n¡p¶p

2007 Pqsse 27\p {]tXyI SmU tImSXn bm¡q_v taa\p h[in£ hn[n¨p. CXns\Xnsc taa³ kp{]owtImSXnbn A¸o kaÀ¸n¨p.

F¶mÂ, almcmjv{S kÀ¡mÀ taasâ h[in£ Dd¸m¡p¶Xn\mbn d^d³kv ^b sNbvXp. 2013 amÀ¨v 21\v taasâ h[in£ tImSXn icnh¨p. kvt^mS\¯nsâ apJykq{X[mc³ Asæn t{]cIiàn F¶mWp PUvPnamÀ taas\ hntijn¸n¨Xv.

h[in£ Xocpam\w ]p\x]cntim[n¡Wsa¶mhiys¸«p taa³ kp{]ow tImSXnbn ]p\x]cntim[\m lÀPn kaÀ¸n¨p. 2013 Pqsse 30\v A¶s¯ No^v PÌokv ]n. kZminhw, PÌokv _n.Fkv. Nulm³ AS§nb kp{]owtImSXn s_©v taasâ At]£ XÅn. h[in£bvs¡Xncmb ]p\x]cntim[\m lÀPnbn hmZw tIÄ¡p¶Xn\mbn kp{]owtImSXn ap¼msI dn«v lÀPn \ÂIn. 2014 G{]n 11\v cmjv{S]Xn {]Wm_v apJÀPn taasâ ZbmlÀPn XÅn.

h[in£bvs¡Xncmb ]p\x]cntim[\ lÀPn Xpd¶ tImSXn hmZw tIÄ¡Wsa¶ taasâ lÀPn `cWLS\ _©v ]cntim[n¡p¶Xn\mÂ, PÌokpamcmb sP. tJlÀ, kn. \mK¸³ F¶nhÀ h[in£ \S¸m¡p¶Xp tÌ sNbvXp. 2015 amÀ¨v 24\v Xpd¶ tImSXnbnse hmZw Bcw`n¨p. apXnÀ¶ A`n`mjI³ Pkv]m knwKv taa\p thWvSn lmPcmbn. 2015 G{]n H¼Xn\v ]p\x]cntim[\ lÀPn kp{]owtImSXn XÅn.

]n¶oSp taa³, kp{]owtImSXnbn Xncp¯Â lÀPn \ÂInsb¦nepw Pqsse 21\v AXpw XÅn. Pqsse 30\v h[in£ \S¸m¡Wsa¶ acWhmdWvSv almcmjv{S kÀ¡mÀ ]pd¯nd¡n. CtX¯pSÀ¶v taa³ almcmjv{S KhÀWÀ¡p ZbmlÀPn \ÂIn.

KhÀWÀ¡p \ÂInb ZbmlÀPnbpsS XoÀ¸v hcp¶Xphsc h[in£ \S¸m¡cpXv F¶mhiys¸«v taa³ kp{]owtImSXnbn dn«v lÀPn kaÀ¸n¨p. h[in£ ]pds¸Sphn¨Xp \nbahncp²amsW¶v taa³ Btcm]n¨p.

2015 Pqsse 28\v Xncp¯Â lÀPnbn kp{]owtImSXn ssIs¡mWvS Xocpam\s¯ tNmZyw sNbvXp taa³ ]pXnb dn«v lÀPn kaÀ¸n¨p. s_©nse cWvSp PUvPnamÀ¡pw hnjb¯n hyXykvX A`n{]mbw DWvSmbXns\¯pSÀ¶p tIkv asämcp s_©nsâ ]cnKW\bv¡mbn hn«p. in£ \S¸m¡p¶Xp XSbm³ C¶se kp{]owtImSXn hoWvSpw hnk½Xn¨p. CtX¯pSÀ¶p taa³ almcmjv{S KhÀWÀ kn. hnZymkmKÀ dmhphn\v ZbmlÀPn \ÂIn. At±lhpw AXp XÅn.

bm¡q_v taa³ 1962 Pqsse 30\v apwss_bn P\n¨p. ss_¡pfbnse At´mWntbm Unkqk kvIqfnÂ\n¶p sslkvIqÄ hnZym`ymkw \S¯n. _pÀlm\n tImfPv Hm^v sImtagvkv B³Uv BÀSvknÂ\n¶p sImtagvkn _ncpZm\´c_ncpZw ]qÀ¯nbm¡n. 1990 knF ]qÀ¯nbm¡n. anI¨ NmÀt«Uv A¡uWvSâv Bbn t]scSp¯ taa³ ]n¶oSv Cd¨n DXv]¶§Ä KÄ^v cmPy§fnepw a[y ]qÀthjy³ cmPy§fnepw IbäpaXn sN¿p¶Xn\mbn taa³ tXPvcYv CâÀ\mjW F¶ t]cn IbäpaXn Øm]\w XpS§n.

taa³ IpSpw_¯nse Gähpw A[nIw hnZym`ymkw t\Snb hyànbmWv Xq¡pIbdnte¡p t]mIp¶Xv. NmÀt«Uv A¡uWvSâmb bm¡q_v Pbn hmk¯n\nSbnÂXs¶ Cµncm KmÔn Hm¸¬ bqWnthgvknänbnÂ\n¶p cWvSv amÌÀ _ncpZ§fmWv kz´am¡nbXv.

bm¡q_v taas\ Xq¡pacw Im¯ncn¡pt¼mÄ apwss_ kvt^mS\¯nsâ apJy Bkq{XIsc¶p IcpXp¶ ZmhqZv C{_mlnapw ssSKÀ taa\pw \nba¯nsâ ]nSnbn \n¶v Gsd AI¶v hntZis¯ kpc£nX Xmhf§fnemWv.


Icn¼v Ibv¡p¶p; IÀjIÀ Pohs\mSp¡p¶p

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kwØm\ ]cyS\w /kn.sI. Ipcym¨³

IISs¡Wnbnembn IÀjIÀ Pohs\mSp¡p¶Xv C´ybn henb hmÀ¯bÃ. F¶mÂ, IÀWmSIbn Imcy§Ä ssIhn«pt]mhpIbmWv. Ignª cWvSmgvNbv¡nsS A¼Xne[nIw IÀjIcmWv ChnsS acn¨phoWXv. Hcpamk¯n\nsS BßlXy sNbvXXv 117 t]À. Ahcn `qcn`mKw t]cpw Icn¼v IÀjIcmWv.

]©kmc D]t`màm¡Ä¡p hne¡pdhnsâ Cc«na[pcw In«pt¼mÄ IÀjIÀ¡p Icn¼v Ibv¡pIbmWv. {][m\ Icn¼v DXv]mZI kwØm\§sfÃmw {]XnkÔnbnemsW¦nepw IÀWmSIbnemWp IqSpX IÀjIÀ Pohs\mSp¡p¶Xv. henb hne {]Xo£n¨p ISw hm§nbpw aäpw Irjnbnd¡nb IÀjIsc hnebnSnhv {]XnkÔnbnem¡n. Pq¬ BZyw Pohs\mSp¡nb bphIÀjI³ ssakqÀ PnÃbnse lp³kqcn\Sp¯v kn³Kamc\ lÅn kztZinbmb IrjvW (32) aq¶v G¡À Øe¯nsâ DSabmbncp¶p. _m¦n \n¶pw h«n¸eni¡mcn \n¶psams¡ hm§nb hmbv] Xncn¨Sbv¡m³ hgnbnsöp IcpXnbmWp IrjvW Pohs\mSp¡nbXv.

]mWvSh]pc Xmeq¡nse K\Uslmkpcnse Adp]XpImc\mb \nwsK KuU F¶ hnIemwK\mb IÀjI³ Xsâ Icn¼v tXm«¯n\p Xobn«p Pohs\mSp¡nb kw`hw Bscbpw thZ\n¸n¡p¶Xmbncp¶p. Ac G¡tdmfw Icn¼v tXm«¯nsâ DSabmbncp¶p \nwsK KuU. hnIemwK\mb Hcp aI\pw `mcybpw AS§nb IpSpw_hpw. IpSpw_w t]mäm\pw Irjn \S¯m\pambn cWvSp e£t¯mfw cq] At±lw hmbv] hm§nbncp¶p. hnfshSp¯v Icn¼v hn¡ms\mcp§nbt¸mgmWv \nwsK KuUbv¡v PohnXw Ahkm\n¸nt¡WvSn h¶Xv. IgnªhÀjw 2,500 cq] hsc Hcp S¬ Icn¼n\v hnebpWvSmbncp¶p. \nwsK KuUtbmSv an DSaIÄ C¡pdn ]dª hne S®n\v 600 cq] am{Xambncp¶p. ]mS¯p\n¶p Icn¼v sh«n anÃnse¯n¡m³ t]mepw XnIbm¯ hnebmWv 600 cq]sb¶p a\knem¡nb \nwsK KuU Icn¼p]mSw Xobn«p Pohs\mSp¡n.

{_ko Ignªm temI¯p IqSpX ]©kmc DXv]mZn¸n¡p¶ cmPyw C´ybmWv. 260 e£w S®mWv cmPys¯ icmicn hmÀjnI DXv]mZ\w. C´y³ jpKÀ anÂkv Atkmkntbjsâ IW¡p {]Imcw 2014þ15  cmPy¯v 247.2 e£w S¬ ]©kmc DXv]mZn¸n¨p. ap³ hÀjt¯¡mÄ 28.4 e£w S¬ A[nIamWnXv.

]©kmc DXv]mZ\¯n almcmjv{Sbv¡pw D¯À{]tZin\pw ]n¶mse aq¶mwØm\¯mWp IÀWmSIw. ku¯v C´y³ jpKÀ anÂkv Atkmkntbjsâ IW¡\pkcn¨v IÀWmSIbn 49 e£w S®mWv DXv]mZ\w. HtÎm_À apX G{]n hscbmWv IÀWmSIbn Icn¼v hnfshSp¸v. IÀWmSIbn 66 ]©kmc ^mÎdnIfpapWvSv. 2014þ15  450 e£w S¬ Icn¼mWv Cu ^mÎdnIfn kwkvIcn¨Xv. kwØm\s¯ 10 PnÃIfnembn 13 e£w G¡À Øe¯mWp {][m\ambpw Icn¼v IrjnbpÅXv.

an DSaIfpsS Išfn

cmPys¯ {]_eamb hyhkmb tem_nbmWp ]©kmc an DSaIÄ. IÀWmSIbnse an DSaIfn _nsP]n t\Xm¡fpw tIm¬{Kkv t\Xm¡fpapWvSv. kwØm\þ tI{µ a{´namcpsS kz´¡mcmWp ]e an DSaIfpw. AXn\m GXp `cW¯nepw an DSaIÄ¡p \nÀWmbI kzm[o\apWvSv. ]©kmc ^mÎdnIÄ AhÀ¡p \nÝbn¡s¸«n«pÅ {]tZi¯p\n¶mWp Icn¼v tiJcnt¡WvSXv. IÀjIÀ AXXp {]tZis¯ ^mÎdnIÄ¡p Icn¼v hn¡pIbpw thWw. Cu \n_Ô\ ]et¸mgpw IÀjIÀ¡p Xncn¨SnbmIp¶pWvSv.

^mÎdnIÄ DXv]mZ\¯nsâ ]¯piXam\w tI{µkÀ¡mcnte¡p \ÂIWw. s]mXphnXcW kwhn[m\¯neqsS ]©kmc hnXcWw sN¿p¶Xn\mWnXv. _m¡n ]©kmc hn]Wnbn hnägn¡m³ an DSaIÄ¡p kzmX{´yapWvSv. kÀ¡mcn\p \nIpXn \ÂIWsa¶p am{Xw. tI{µ kÀ¡mcpw kwØm\ kÀ¡mcpw \nÝbn¡p¶ am\Zާġ\pkcn¨mWp an DSaIÄ Icn¼v IÀjIÀ¡p {]Xn^ew \ÂtIWvSXv. IÀjIÀ¡p an DSaIÄ \ÂtIWvS {]Xn^ew \nÝbn¡p¶ tI{µþ kwØm\ kÀ¡mcpIsf k½ÀZ¯nem¡m³ IgnhpÅhcmWp an DSaIÄ F¶XmWp IÀjIÀ t\cnSp¶ Gähpw henb shÃphnfn.

tÌm¡v sI«n¡nS¡p¶p F¶ ImcWw ]dªp Nc¡p hm§msXbpw hm§nb Nc¡n\p ]Ww \ÂImsXbpw IÀWmSIbnse an DSaIÄ IÀjIsc NqjWw sN¿pIbmWv. 4300 tImSn cq]bmWv an DSaIÄ IÀjIÀ¡p \ÂIm\pÅXv. 2013þ14  1000 tImSn cq] IÀjIÀ¡p \ÂIm\pWvSv. IÀWmSIbn 2013þ14  Icn¼nsâ \ymbhne S®n\v 2500 cq]bmbncp¶p. 2014þ15  CXv 2,200 cq]bmbn Ipd¨p. 2015þ16  2,300 cq]bmWp \nÝbn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. F¶mÂ, CXnsâ aq¶nsem¶p hnet]mepw \ÂIm³ an DSaIÄ XbmdmIp¶nsömWp IÀjIÀ ]dbp¶Xv.

ISs¡Wnbnemb IÀjIÀ

]©kmc an DSaIfpsS ISp¯ NqjW¯n\ncbmIp¶ IÀjIÀ ISs¡Wnbnembn Pohs\mSp¡pt¼mgpw tI{µþ kwØm\ kÀ¡mcpIÄ H¶pwsN¿m\mImsX ]I¨p\n¡pIbmWv. Zmh³Ksc, ssakqcp, amÞy, lmk³, dbv¨qÀ PnÃIfnemWv Ct¸mÄ IÀjI BßlXyIÄ IqSpX \S¡p¶Xv. Ipsd hÀj§fmbn Icn¼n\p anI¨ hne In«nbncp¶Xn\m IÀjIÀ IqSpXembn Icn¼v Irjnbnte¡p Xncnªp. anI¨ DXv]mZ\amWv Cu kokWn DWvSmbXv. Cu t]cp]dªmWp an DSaIÄ Icn¼nsâ hne Ip¯s\ CSn¨Xv. ]©kmcbpsS hnebnSnhv an DSaIÄ Bbp[am¡pI IqSn sNbvXtXmsSbmWp IÀjIÀ ISp¯ {]XnkÔnbnembXv.

an DSaIÄ IÀjIÀ¡p \ÂIm\pÅ ]Ww 15 iXam\w ]enibS¡w \ÂIWsa¶mWp IÀjIcpsS Bhiyw. IqSmsX Icn¼nsâ hne S®n\v 3,900 cq]bmbn DbÀ¯Wsa¶pw IÀjIÀ Bhiys¸Sp¶p. hÀ[n¨phcp¶ Iqens¨ehpw hf§fpsS hnehÀ[\bpw IW¡nseSp¯mWv IÀjIcpsS Bhiyw. F¶mÂ, ]©kmc hne IpdªXpw Icn¼v sI«n¡nS¡p¶Xpw IW¡nseSp¯v Icn¼v hne S®n\v 700þ800 cq]bm¡n Ipdbv¡Wsa¶mWp an DSaIÄ Bhiys¸Sp¶Xv. ]©kmc IqSmsX Icn¼n \n¶p e`n¡p¶ tamfmkkpw aäv Dt]mXv]¶§fpw an DSaIÄ¡p henb em`amWv DWvSm¡ns¡mSp¡p¶sX¶p IÀjI kwLS\IÄ NqWvSn¡m«p¶p.

1997þ98 ImeL«¯n IÀWmSIw IÀjI BßlXyIÄ¡p ap¶n ]I¨p\n¶ncp¶p. 1997 Unkw_À apX 98 Pq¬ hsc 400 IÀjcmWp Pohs\mSp¡nbXv. ]cp¯nhne CSnªXp IÀjI BßlXyIÄ s]cpIm\nSbm¡n. IÀjI BßlXyIsf¡pdn¨p ]Tn¡m³ A¶p kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ F«wK kanXnsb \ntbmKn¨p. bqWnthgvknän Hm^v A{Kn¡Ä¨d kb³kv sshkv Nm³keÀ tUm. Pn.sI. hotcjv A[y£\mb kanXnbmWp ]T\w \S¯nbXv. 2002  kanXn dnt¸mÀ«pw kaÀ¸n¨p. F¶mÂ, Imcy§sfÃmw ]gb]Sn Xs¶sb¶mWp IÀjIcpsS A\p`hw. Ct¸mÄ hoWvSpw ]T\w \S¯psa¶mWp kÀ¡mÀ ]dbp¶Xv.

ImÀjnIhmbv]IÄ \ÂIm³ _m¦pIÄ¡v H«pw XmÂ]cyanà F¶Xpw IÀjIÀ¡p I\¯ Xncn¨SnbmWv. aäp Xc¯nepÅ hyànKX hmbv]Ifpw ]Àt¨kv temWpIfpw \ÂIm³ _m¦pIÄ¡p bmsXmcp aSnbpanÃ. _nkn\kpImÀ¡pw DtZymKØÀ¡pw hmbv] \ÂIm³ _m¦pIÄ Im«p¶ DÕmlw IÀjItcmSp Im«mdnÃ. Cu ZpchØbmWp IÀjIsc ISs¡Wnbnem¡p¶Xv. Irjn¡pw hnhmlw, `h\\nÀamWw, NnInÕ t]mepÅ Bhiy§Ä¡pw IÀjIÀ an¡t¸mgpw kzImcyhyànIsfbmbncn¡pw B{ibn¡pI. AanX ]eni CuSm¡p¶ t»Uv am^nbbpsS ]nSnbneIs¸Sp¶XmWp IÀjIsc ISs¡Wnbnem¡p¶Xv. Hcn¡Â s]«pIgnªm ]ns¶ tamN\anÃmXmIp¶ IÀjIÀ BßlXybn A`bw tXSpIbmWp sN¿p¶Xv.

NmavcmPv \KÀ PnÃbnse sIkXqÀ hntÃPn Pohs\mSp¡nb IÀjI³ \©pWvS¿ \mep e£t¯mfw cq] t»Uv ]eni¡mcn \n¶p ISw hm§nbncp¶Xmbn t]meokv \S¯nb At\zjW¯n IsWvS¯nbncp¶p. aIfpsS hnhml¯n\mbmWp \©pWvS¿ ]Ww ISw hm§nbXv. Xncn¨Sbv¡m³ amÀKanÃmXmbXmWv At±lw Pohs\mSp¡nbXv. h«n¸eni¡mÀ 80 iXam\w hsc ]eni CuSm¡ps¶¶mWp IÀjIÀ ]dbp¶Xv.

apXe¡®oscmgp¡n cmjv{Sob¡mÀ

X§fpsS t]cn cmjv{Sob¡mÀ Hgp¡p¶Xv apXe¡®ocmsW¶p Icn¼v IÀjIÀ¡p \¶mbn Adnbmw. `cW]£hpw {]Xn]£hpw IÀjIÀ¡p thWvSn hmZn¡pt¼mgpw an DSaIfpsS IÅ¡fnIÄs¡Xntc au\w]men¡pIbmWp sN¿p¶Xv. an DSaIÄ¡p ]eniclnX hmbv] \ÂIm\pw kÀ¡mcpIÄ ]²XnbpWvSm¡p¶p. IÀjI {]iv\§Ä GsäSp¯p tIm¬{Kkv t\Xmhv cmlp KmÔn cmPysa§pw {]t£m`¯n\p {ian¡pt¼mÄ tIm¬{Kkv `cn¡p¶ IÀWmSIbn IÀjIÀ BßlXy sN¿p¶Xp kn²cma¿ kÀ¡mcn\p henb Xncn¨SnbmWv.

Icn¼v IÀjcpsS BßlXybv¡p tIm¬{Kkv Ipäs¸Sp¯p¶Xp tI{µw `cn¡p¶ \tc{µ tamZnsbbpw _nsP]nsbbpamWv. tamZnbpsS IÀjI hncp² \b§fmWp {]iv\§Ä¡p ImcWsa¶mWp tIm¬{Kknsâ Btcm]Ww. F¶mÂ, _nsP]nbmIs« tIm¬{Kkns\ tZiobXe¯n ASn¡m\pÅ hSnbmbn IÀWmSIbnse Icn¼v IÀjIcpsS BßlXysb D]tbmKn¡p¶p. kwØm\ kÀ¡mcnsâ \b§sfbmWp _nsP]nbpw P\XmZfpw Ipäs¸Sp¯p¶Xv. Cu cmjv{Sob t]mcn\nSbnÂs¸«p IÀjIÀ AanXamb NqjW¯n\v CcbmIp¶p F¶XmWp bmYmÀYyw.


\£{XtemI¯v

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sk_n amXyp

hn{iaanÃm¯ IÀaImÞ§fn AÐpÄ Iemw F¶ a\pjy³ UÂlnbnse hoYnIfneqsS ]e `mh§fn IS¶p t]mbn«pWvSv. imkv{XÚ\mbpw cmjv{S]Xnbmbpw ap³ cmjv{S]Xnbmbpw AXntesd Hcp km[mcW a\pjy\mbpw. ag¡mdp aqSn \n¶ UÂlnbpsS BImi¯n\p Iogn XeØm\ hoYnIÄ I®ocWnªpw ]q¡Ä sImgn¨pw Hcp]mSp almcY³amÀ¡p hnS \ÂInbn«papWvSv. ]t£, PohnX¯n DS\ofw hyXykvXX ]peÀ¯nb Iemansâ `uXnI tZlw Aán¨ndIntedn BImi \£{X§tfmSp tNcm³ \msf P· Øeamb cmtaizct¯¡mWp t]mIp¶Xv.

jntÃmwKnse hnZymÀYnIÄ¡v Gsd hyXykvXamb Hcp Asskâvsaâv \ÂIp¶Xns\¡pdn¨mbncp¶p Ahkm\ Zn\§fn At±lw BtemNn¨psImWvSncp¶sX¶p klNmcnbmb {inP³ ]m knwKv hyàam¡p¶p. Iemansâ Ahkm\ \nanj§fn {inP³ ]m knwKv At±lt¯msSm¸apWvSmbncp¶p. UÂlnbn \n¶pw jntÃmwKnte¡pÅ b{Xbv¡nSbn ASp¯ Znhk§fnembn ]mÀesaânepWvSmb {]Xntj[§sfbpw k`m\S]SnIÄ XSks¸Sp¶Xns\¡pdn¨papÅ Bi¦IfmWp Iemw ]¦ph¨Xv. sFsFF½nse Xsâ ¢mkv Ignªp CXp kw_Ôn¨v hnZymÀYnIÄ¡v Hcp Asskâvsaâv \ÂIWsa¶v Iemw ]dªncp¶p. ]mÀesaâv {]hÀ¯\§sf IqSpX ^e{]Zhpw DuÀPkzehpam¡p¶Xn\pÅ aq¶v Bib§Ä hnZymÀYnIfn \n¶v BcmbpI F¶Xmbncp¶p At±lw BtemNn¨pd¸n¨ B Asskâvsaâ.

Iemant\msSm¸w cWvSp ]pkvXI§fpsS cN\bn ]¦mfnbmbn«pÅ {inP³ ]m Cu hnjbw X§fpsS ASp¯ ]pkvXIamb AUzmtâPv C´ybn DÄs¸Sp¯m³ Xocpam\n¨ncp¶Xmbpw hyàam¡n. Iemansâ Ahkm\ B{Klw F´mbncp¶p F¶ tNmZy¯n\v Hcp tImSn apJ§fn Hcp tImSn ]p©ncn hncnbp¶Xp ImWm\mbncp¶p At±l¯nsâ BKlsa¶mWp {inP³ ]m adp]Sn ]dªXv. bphimàoIcWs¯¡pdn¨pw {KmaoW C´ybpsS hnIk\s¯¡pdn¨pw Iemw FÃmbvt¸mgpw hmNme\mbncps¶¶pw k´X klNmcn Iq«nt¨À¡p¶p.

AÐpÄ Iemanse {]IrXn kvt\ln F¶pw sNdnb Imcy§fn henb {i² ]Xn¸n¨ncp¶p. Hcn¡Â Un^³kv dntkÀ¨v sUhe]vsaâv HmÀKss\tkj³ ]cnkc¯v kpc£ hÀ[n¸n¡p¶Xnsâ `mKambn NpäpaXnen Ip¸n¨nÃpIÄ ]mIp¶Xv {i²bn s]Sp¯nbt¸mÄ Iemw AXns\ hne¡n. Ip¸n¨nÃpIÄ ]Xn¸n¨m ]£nIÄ¡p aXnen Ccn¡m\mhnà F¶mWv AXn\p ImcWambn At±lw NqWvSn¡m«nbXv.

ASp¯bnsS hmcmWkn sFsFSnbn Hcp _ncpZZm\ NS§n ]s¦Sp¡m³ F¯nbt¸mÄ thZnbn X\n¡ncn¡m\pÅ Itkcbv¡p aäp ItkcIfn \n¶pw hen¸¡qSpX DÅXp sImWvSv Ccn¡m³ At±lw hnk½Xn¨p. X\n¡mbn Hcp¡nb Itkcbn kÀhIemime sshkv Nm³kesd Ccn¡m³ At±lw \nÀ_Ôn¨psh¦nepw hnknbpw Hgnªp amdn. XpSÀ¶v thZnbnse aäp ItkcIÄ¡p kam\ambn Itkc Ieman\p thWvSn DS³ Xs¶ F¯n¡pIbmbncp¶p. thjhn[m\§fntem t{]mt«mt¡mfpIfntem ]cn[nbn Ihnª {i² ]peÀ¯nbn«nÃm¯ Iemw ]s£, A\pkcWbnÃm¯ Xsâ apSnbngIsf AS¡n \nÀ¯m³ Hcp No¸v F¶pw Xsâ t]m¡än IcpXnbncp¶p.

A£c§tf¡mÄ ap³]v A\p`h§fn \n¶p ]Tn¨ ]mT§Ä At±lw Xs¶ ]et¸mgmbn ]¦p sh¨n«pWvSv. AXn Xsâ kvIqÄ ]T\Imes¯ Hcp HmÀa At±lw ]¦psh¨Xv Gsd {it²bamWv.

Hcp ]I apgph³ \oWvS A[zm\¯n\p tijamWv A¶v A½ A¯mgapWvSms\mcp§nbXv. £oWw ImcWw A½ sdm«nbpWvSm¡nbXv Icnªp t]mbncp¶p. B sdm«nbmWv A¶v A¯mg¯n\p Ign¡m\mbn ]nXmhnsâ ap¶n sh¨Xv. B Icnª sdm«n Bsc¦nepw {i²n¡p¶ptWvSm F¶p Rm³ Däp t\m¡ns¡mWvSncn¡pIbmbncp¶p. F¶mÂ, At±lamIs« A¶s¯ Fsâ kvIqÄ Znhks¯¡pdn¨p tNmZn¨p sImWvSv B Icnªp t]mb sdm«n apgph\pw Ign¨p XoÀ¯p.

At±l¯nsâ tNmZy§Ä¡v Rms\´p adp]Sn ]dªp Ft¶mÀan¡p¶nÃ. F¶mÂ, A¶p cm{Xn sdm«n Icnªp t]mbXn\v A½ At±lt¯mSp am¸p tNmZn¡p¶Xp Rm³ tI«ncp¶p. At±l¯nsâ adp]Sn PohnX¯nsemcn¡epw ad¡m\mhnÃ.

{]nbs¸«htf, Icnª sdm«n X\ns¡mcp]mSv CãamsW¶mbncp¶p At±l¯nsâ adp]Sn. A¶p cm{Xn AÑsâ ASp¡Â sN¶v At±l¯n\p icn¡pw Icnª sdm«n CãamtWm F¶p Rm³ tNmZn¨p. Fs¶ hmcnsbSp¯p sImWvSv At±lw ]dªp.

"\nsâ A½ Hcp ]I apgph³ ITn\amb tPmenIÄ sNbvXv BsI XfÀ¶ncp¶p. Hcp Icnª sdm«n¡v Bscbpw thZ\n¸n¡m\mhnÃ. ]s£ ]cpjamb hm¡pIÄ sImWvSv Hcmsf Icbn¸n¡m³ Ignbpw. aIt\ A]qÀWXIÄ \ndªXmWv PohnXw. A]qÀWcmWv a\pjycpw.' Cu hm¡pIfmWv Rm³ PohnX¯n F¶pw tNÀ¯p ]nSn¨ncn¡p¶Xv.’ aäpÅhcpsS hogvNIÄ DÄs¡mWvSp sImWvSv _Ô§sf BtLmjam¡n amäphm³ X\n¡v Icpt¯InbXpw ]nXmhn \n¶pw e`n¨ Cu ]mTamsW¶pw Iemw ]et¸mgpw ]dªn«pWvSv.

kulrZ§fpsS heb¯n k½n{i hyànXz§sf sImcp¯p DujvafXtbmsS _Ô§sf Im¯p sh¨ncp¶ B almcY\p hnS ]dbm³ aWn¡qdpIÄ Im¯p\n¶v cmPmPn amÀKnse ]¯mw \¼À hkXnbn \n¶pw {]Wmaw AÀ¸n¨p aS§pt¼mÄ UÂlnbn dn£ hen¡p¶ _olmdpImc³ [cw ]mensâ BßKXw C§s\bmbncp¶p. Iemw km_v AaÀ ctl tl.


Nn´IÄ¡v Aánbpw {]Xo£IÄ¡p NndIptaInb kqcytXPkv

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tPmÀPv IÅnhbenÂ

sNdp¸¡mcpsS Nn´IÄ¡v Aánbpw {]Xo£IÄ¡p NndIpw \ÂInb tUm. F.]n.sP AÐpÄ Iemw ]ZhnIfpsS D¶XnIfnepw emfnXy¯nsâbpw hn\b¯nsâbpw t\ÀNn{Xw IqSnbmbncp¶p. almßmKmÔn¡pw PhlÀem s\lvdphn\pw tijw C´y³ P\Xbv¡v C{Xtbsd {]Xymibpw Bthihpw k½m\n¨ asämcp t\XmhptWvSm F¶Xp kwibamWv. F¬]¯naq¶mw hbknepw IÀa\ncX\mbncp¶ Iemw kvIqÄ, tImfPv hnZymÀYnIfn DWÀ¯nbncp¶ Bthiw AhÀW\obambncp¶p.

cmPys¯ FÃm Xe§fnepw s]«hcpsS a\kns\ Pzen¸n¡m\pw bphXbpsS BthiamIm\pw IgnªXmIpw anssk a\pjysâ henb kw`mh\. P\\¯n In«nb Cuizchnizmkw ssIhnSmsX XnIª atXXchmZnbmIm\pw Cu almßmhn\p Ignªp. BWthmÀP¯nsâ anIhns\¡pdn¨p kwibanÃmXncp¶ Ieman\v kutcmÀPw D]tbmKs¸Sp¯p¶Xnsâbpw sNdp¸¡mcn ]pXnb Bibhpw Bthihpw DWÀ¯p¶Xnsâbpw BhiyIX tdm¡äv imkv{Xw t]mse {]m[m\yapÅXmbncp¶p.

Ignª s^{_phcn \mep apX Bdp hsc AÐpÄ Iemw _ldn\n \S¯nb kµÀi\¯n GXmWvSp apgph³ kabhpw ]s¦Sp¡m\mbXp temI \£{X§fnse kqcytXPknsâ amlmßyw IqSpX ASp¯dnbm³ klmbn¨p. FbÀ C´y hnam\¯n _ldn\nte¡pÅ bm{Xbnepw At±l¯nsâ klbm{XnI\mIm\pw `mKyw e`n¨p. Zo]nIsb¡pdn¨pw tZiob XeØm\s¯ ]{X{]hÀ¯\s¯¡pdn¨papÅ Iemansâ Adnhnsâ hym]vXnbpw aXn¸pw Gsd {it²bambn tXm¶pIbpw sNbvXp.

hnam\¯nepw ]n¶oSp tlm«enepw ]XnhpÅ efnXamb ]¨¡dn `£Ww Ieman\p \nÀ_Ôambncp¶p. cWvSv CÍenIfn Iemw F¶ henb a\pjy³ Gsd Xr]vX\mbncp¶p. hmb\bpw Nn´IfpamWp Xsâ {][m\ `£Wsa¶mWp Imew Xamibmbn CtX¡pdn¨p ]dªXv. hnam\bm{Xbv¡nSbnepw ]ntä¶p _ldn\nse C´y³ kvIqfnse Ip«nItfmSpw aäpw {]kwKnt¡WvS hnjb§sf¡pdn¨mbncp¶p Iemansâ DXvIWvT.

aebmfnbmb ss{]häv sk{I«dn BÀ.sI {]kmZnt\mSpw em]vtSm¸n {]kwKw ssS¸p sNbvXncp¶ lnµn¡mc³ bphmhnt\mSpw Xsâ ]cn]mSnIfpsS hniZmwi§Ä Xnc¡m\pw C´ybpsS anssk a\pjy³ ad¡p¶nÃ. CSbv¡nsS sNdnb Nn´bn apgpIp¶ Iemw Xsâ {]kwK§fn Iq«nt¨À¡m³ ]pXnb Bib§fpw Nn´Ifpw ]dªpsImSp¡pIbpw sNbvXncp¶p. {]kwKw Xbmdm¡p¶Xn\nsS em]vtSm¸n \n¶p kzbw hmbn¨v kwibZpcoIcWw hcp¯m\pw Iemw {i²n¨ncp¶p.

aäpÅhcpsS ap¶n Hcmsfbpw XcwXmgv¯n kwkmcn¡cpsX¶pw Nnet¸mÄ B apdnhpW¡mt\m Hcp £a ]dbmt\m t]mepw PohnX¯n Ahkcw e`n¨nsöphcmsa¶papÅ Iemansâ Xs¶ hm¡pIfmWv HmÀa hcp¶Xv.

Ignª s^{_phcn Bdn\v _ldn³ C´y³ kvIqfn \ÂInb ]uckzoIcW¯n\nsS anI¨ ]{X{]hÀ¯I\pÅ AhmÀUv `mcXcXv\ AÐpÄ Ieman \n¶v Gäphm§m\mbXp PohnX¯nse Gähpw AhnkvacWob `mKyambn IcpXp¶p.

AÐpÄ Iemw cmjv{S]Xnbmb 2002 apX UÂlnbnse Zo]nI teJIs\¶ \nebn At±l¯nsâ hyàn{]m`h¯nsâ hyXyØX IWvSdnªncp¶p. ]n¶oSp cmjv{S]Xn Øm\w Hgnªv UÂln cmPmPn amÀKnse ]¯mw \¼À hkXnbnte¡p Iemw Xmakw amdnbtijamWv IqSpX XhW t\cn«p ImWm\pw kwkmcn¡m\pw CSh¶Xv.

C´y IWvS alm·mcn Hcmfmb Ieman\v CtX hkXnbn A´ymRvPenbÀ¸n¡m³ C¶se ImepIp¯nbt¸mÄ inckp \an¨p hW§m³ am{XamWp tXm¶nbXv. Hcn¡epw ad¡m\mIm¯ henb ktµi§fpw Bib§fpw k½m\n¨ tUm. F.]n.sP AÐpÄ Iemw \qämWvSpItfmfw a\pjya\kpIfn Aán¨ndIpIfmbn Pohn¡psa¶Xn kwibanÃ.






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