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tXmähcpw Pbn¨hcpw

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kPn kndnbIv

cWvSmw temIalmbp²¯n kJyI£nIsf hnPb¯nte¡p \bn¨ cmPyX{´Ú\mbncp¶p {_n«ojv {][m\a{´n hn³Ì¬ NÀ¨nÂ. 1945 tabv F«n\p \mkn PÀa\n kJyI£nIÄ¡p \ncp]m[nIw IogS§nbt¸mÄ NÀ¨nens\ hoc\mbI\mbn temIw hmgv¯n. CXn\ptijw cWvSp amkw Ignªp {_n«\n s]mXpsXcsªSp¸p \S¶p. NÀ¨nensâ bmYmØnXnI I£n¡p h³ hnPbw {]Xo£n¡p¶Xp kzm`mhnIw. ]t£ kw`hn¨Xp adn¨mWv. s¢aâv BävenbpsS te_À ]mÀ«n A«nadn hnPbw t\Sn.

te_À ]mÀ«n¡v 393 koäv In«nbt¸mÄ NÀ¨nensâ bmYmØnXnI I£n¡p In«nbXp shdpw 197 koäv. Ncn{X¯n BZyambn te_À ]mÀ«n¡p X\n¨p tIhe `qcn]£w. te_À ]mÀ«n¡v 47.7 % P\Iob thm«v e`n¨t¸mÄ bmYmØnXnI I£n¡p In«nbXv 36.2 % thm«v. ap³ sXcsªSp¸ns\ At]£n¨p te_À ]mÀ«n¡v 239 koäpw 11.7 % thm«pw IqSnbt¸mÄ bmYmØnXnI I£n¡v 190 koäpw 11.6 thm«pw Ipdªp.

hn³Ì¬ NÀ¨nen\p kw`hn¨Xpambn XmcXays¸Sp¯pt¼mÄ tIcf¯n D½³ NmWvSnbpsS AhØ F{Xtbm t`Zw! NÀ¨nen\v DWvSmb{X I\¯ Xncn¨Sn D½³ NmWvSn¡v DWvSmbnÃtÃm. Hcp kÀ¡mÀ Imcy£aambpw cmPy\·bv¡p thWvSnbpw {]hÀ¯n¨Xp sImtWvSm P\t£a ]cn]mSnIfpw hnIk\ ]²XnIfpw \S¸m¡nbXp sImtWvSm sXcsªSp¸n hnPbn¡Wsa¶nsöp NÀ¨nensâbpw D½³ NmWvSnbpsSbpw A\p`h§Ä sXfnbn¡p¶p.

kÀ¡mÀ sNbvX \à Imcy§sfÃmw s]mXpP\w thKw ad¡pw. AtXkabw sN¿m¯ Imcy§sfms¡ HmÀ¯ncn¡pIbpw sN¿pw. cWvSmw temIalmbp²¯n kJytk\ t\Snb hnPbw temI¯nemsI kam[m\w ]p\xØm]n¨p F¶ henb Imcyw {_n«ojv P\X HmÀ¯nÃ. bp²¯nsâ sISpXnIÄ am{Xta thm«v sN¿m³ t]mbhÀ HmÀ¯pÅq.

bpUnF^v kÀ¡mÀ \S¸m¡nb henb hnIk\ ]²XnIfpw PohImcpWy {]hÀ¯\§fpw P\§Ä HmÀ¡psa¶pw `cW¯pSÀ¨ Dd¸m¡psa¶pw D½³ NmWvSn IcpXn. Bbnc¡W¡n\mfpIfpsS I®ocmWp apJya{´nbpsS P\k¼À¡ ]cn]mSnbneqsS H¸nsbSp¯Xv. DuWpw Dd¡hpapt]£n¨v cm]IenÃmsX 42 Znhkw apJya{´n P\k¼À¡ ]cn]mSnbn ]s¦Sp¯p. bpUnF^v kÀ¡mcnse [\a{´nbmbncp¶ sI.Fw. amWn BhnjvIcn¨ ImcpWy NnInÕm]²Xn PohImcpWy {]hÀ¯\¯nsâ kam\XIfnÃm¯ ImcpWykv]Àiambncp¶p. tcmK¯n\p NnInÕn¡m³ ]WanÃmsX heª \nÀ[\cmb 1.42 e£w IpSpw_§Ä¡v 1200 tImSn cq] ImcpWy ]²XnbneqsS NnInÕm klmbambn \ÂIn. ]mhs¸«hÀ¡v Hcp cq]bv¡v Acn \ÂIn. Zpc´§Ä ]nSnIqSnb At\IÀ¡p kÀ¡mÀ tPmen \ÂIn. sIm¨n sat{Sm, kvamÀ«v knän, I®qÀ hnam\¯mhfw, hngnªw XpdapJw, 11 ]pXnb kÀ¡mÀ saUn¡Â tImfPpIÄ, 245 ]pXnb ]me§Ä, \msS§pw hoXntbdnb cmP]mXIÄþ bpUnF^v kÀ¡mcn\v FSp¯p]dbm³ A`nam\Icamb \nch[n ]²XnIfpWvSmbncp¶p. ]t£ sXcsªSp¸n AsXm¶pw thm«v sImWvSph¶nÃ.



hnIk\w thm«v sImWvSph¶nÃ

Hcp kÀ¡mÀ sNbvX \à Imcy§tfm hnIk\ ]²XnItfm H¶pw s]mXpP\w sXcsªSp¸n ]cnKWn¡mdnà F¶Xn\v 1984þse cmPohv KmÔn kÀ¡mÀ Xs¶ Gähpw \à DZmlcWw. sSIvt\mfPn anj\neqsS cmPy¯nsâ ASnØm\ kuIcy hnIk\¯n\v ASn¯dbn«Xpw ]ptcmKXnbpsS B[p\nI apJw \ÂInbXpw B kÀ¡mcmWv. ssek³kv s]Àanäv cmPnÂ\n¶v km¼¯nI ]cnjvIcW¯nte¡p \nt£] hmXn Xpd¡m\pw B kÀ¡mÀ {ian¨p. F¶m t_mt^mgvkv hnhmZhpw Atbm[y {]iv\hpw cmPohv kÀ¡mcnsâ {]XnÑmbbn Icn\ng hogv¯nbXp am{Xta sXcsªSp¸n P\§Ä HmÀ¯pÅq. 1984þ 404 kotämsS Pbn¨ tIm¬{Kknsâ temIvk`bnse AwK_ew 1989þ 197 koämbn Ipdªp.

tUm. a³taml³knwKv \bn¨ bp]nF kÀ¡mcpw hnIk\{]hÀ¯\§fn BcpsSbpw ]n¶nembncp¶nÃ. ap³\nc hnIknX cmPy§Ä t]mepw km¼¯nI {]XnkÔnbn Deªt¸mÄ C´y XfcmsX ]nSn¨p\n¶Xv bp]nF kÀ¡mcnsâ Imcy£aamb `cW\S]SnIÄ sImWvSpIqSnbmWv. B kÀ¡mÀ BhnjvIcn¨ sXmgnepd¸p ]²Xnbpw `£y kpc£m ]²Xnbpw temIs¯ Gähpw henb kmaqly kpc£m ]²XnIfmbncp¶p. tImSn¡W¡n\p ]mh§sf Ah hni¸nÂ\n¶v AIän\nÀ¯n. ]t£ 2014 se sXcsªSp¸n P\§Ä HmÀ¯Xv 2 Pn Ipw`tImWhpw I¡cn Ipw`tImWhpw am{XamWv. 2009 208 Fw]namcpWvSmbncp¶ tIm¬{Kknsâ temIvk`bnse AwK_ew 2014þ shdpw 44 Bbn Npcp§n.

tIcf¯n bpUnF^v kÀ¡mcnsâ anI¨ {]hÀ¯\§fpsS tim` sISp¯m³ hnhmZ§Ä¡v H«pw IpdhnÃmbncp¶p. A©mw a{´n, Xmt¡mÂØm\w, tkmfmÀþkcnX kocnbÂ, _mÀ tImg F¶n§s\ \oWvS ]«nI. thms«Sp¸p Zn\whsc Ah kPoham¡n \nÀ¯m³ {]Xn]£¯n\pw {]Xn]£t¯¡mÄ Xo{hXtbmsS bpUnF^v kÀ¡mcns\ B{Ian¨ Zriyam[ya§Ä¡pw kaqlam[ya§Ä¡pw Ignªp. Cu hnhmZ§Ä FÃmwXs¶ kzbwIrXm\ÀY§fmWv. LSII£nIsftbm FXnÀ {Kq¸nÂs¸«hsctbm HXp¡m³ thWvSn bpUnF^n\pÅnepÅhÀXs¶ am[ya§fpsS klmbt¯msS s]men¸ns¨Sp¯h. {]Xn]£w AsXÃmw Gäp]nSn¨p [Àaw \ndthän F¶p am{Xw.

`qXs¯ IpSw Xpd¶phnSm³ Ffp¸amWv. ]t£ Xncn¨pIbäm³ Ignsª¶p hcnÃ. bpUnF^n\pw kw`hn¨Xv AXpXs¶bmWv. hnhmZ `qX§Ä FÃmhscbpw hngp§nbt¸msf¦nepw ]e t\Xm¡Ä¡pw A_²w a\knembn«pWvSmhWw. Cu XIÀ¨bn kt´mjn¡p¶hcpw ap¶Wn¡pÅn [mcmfapWvSv F¶Xp asämcp hkvXpX.

AdnbmsXt]mb ASnsbmgp¡pIÄ

`cW¯pSÀ¨ Dd¸msW¶ AanX Bßhnizmk¯nemWp tIm¬{Kkv sXcsªSp¸ns\ t\cn«Xv. AXpsImWvSv {Kq¸v sshcnIsf HXp¡m\pw Nne LSII£nIsf ]mTw ]Tn¸n¡m\pw sXcsªSp¸v \sÃmcp AhkcamsbSp¯p. Imephmcepw ]n¶nÂ\n¶p Ip¯pw btYãw \S¶p. FXnÀ Øm\mÀYnIÄ¡p hmintbmsS thm«pIp¯n. _q¯v Xncn¨pÅ thm«p IW¡pIÄ C¶p e`yamWv. Ah hniIe\w sN¿pt¼mÄ ]e bpUnF^v Øm\mÀYnIfpw tXmäXnsâ bYmÀY ImcWw ]nSnIn«pw.

_nsP]nbpw _nUnsPFkpw tNÀ¶ aq¶mw ap¶Wn CSXp]£s¯ thm«p tNmÀ¯psa¶pw AXphgn X§fpsS hnPbw Dd¸n¡msa¶papÅ Hcp IW¡pIq«Â bpUnF^n\pWvSmbncp¶p. A¯cw IW¡pIq«epIÄ ]ng¨p. _nsP]n ap¶WnbpsS thm«v aq¶p aS§mbn hÀ[n¨t¸mÄ AhÀ IqSpX sImWvSpt]mbXv bpUnF^nsâ thm«v. _nsP]nbpsS hfÀ¨bn Nne \yq\]£ hn`mK§Ä henb A]ISw IWvSp. AhÀ X§fpsS Øm\mÀYnIÄ CÃm¯ Øe§fnsems¡ CSXpap¶Wn¡v thm«v sNbvXp, _nsP]nsb {]Xntcm[n¡m³ bpUnF^ns\¡mÄ sa¨w CSXpap¶WnbmWv F¶ [mcWbnÂ.

Bi¦tbmsS ho£nt¡WvS {]hWXbmWnXv. F.sI. BâWnsbt¸mepÅhÀ ap¼p NqWvSn¡mWn¨Xpt]mse `qcn]£ hÀKobX t]mse A]ISIcamWp \yq\]£ hÀKobXbpw.

bpUnF^v kÀ¡mcnsâ aZy\bhpw _mÀ ]q«epw ap¶Wn¡p thm«v t\Sn¯cpsa¶p ap¶Wn t\Xm¡Ä kzm`mhnIambpw {]Xo£n¨p. AXv AØm\¯mbn. F.sI. BâWn Nmcmb\ntcm[\w \S¸m¡nbtijw 1996þ \S¶ sXcsªSp¸n bpUnF^v hnPbn¨ncp¶nÃ. D½³ NmWvSn kÀ¡mcnsâ _mÀ ]q«Â sXcsªSp¸n bpUnF^n\p [mÀanIambn taÂss¡ \ÂInsb¦nepw AXp sXcsªSp¸v ^e¯n {]Xn^en¨nÃ. aZy\bs¯ A\pIqen¡p¶hÀ bpUnF^n\p thm«p sNbvXn«pWvSmImsa¦nepw FXnÀ¡p¶hcpsS thms«Ãmw A¸pdt¯¡p t]mbn.

bpUnF^v kÀ¡mÀ A[nImc¯ntedpt¼msgÃmw A`ypZbImw£nIÄ ]ecpw Imcykm[y¯n\p k½ÀZX{´§fpambn HmSnsb¯pI ]XnhmWv. am\yambn `cn¡m³ kzØX sImSp¡nÃ. C¯cw Bhiy§Ä¡p kÀ¡mÀ hg§p¶p F¶ {]XoXnbpWvSmbm am[ya§Ä AtXäp]nSn¨p hnhmZam¡pw. shfp¡m³ tX¨Xp ]mWvSmbn F¶p ]dbp¶Xpt]msebmhpw ]ns¶ ØnXn. kÀ¡mcn\v H¶pw sN¿m³ IgnbmXmhpw. A\pIqen¡p¶hcpw ]nW§pw. FXncmfnIÄ FXnÀ¸p iàam¡pw. ]eXcw k½ÀZ X{´§Ä kÀ¡mcn\p t\cntSWvSnh¶p.

am[ya ]£]mXnXzw

Zriyam[ya§fpsS i{XpXm]camb \ne]mSv FSp¯p]dtbWvSXpWvSv. \njv]£ am[ya {]hÀ¯\w F¶p ]dªmWv B{IaWw. Hcp IÅw kXyamsW¶v \qdpXhW BhÀ¯n¨m Nnesc¦nepw AXp kXyamsW¶p hnizkn¨psImÅpw F¶ Ko_Âknb³ X{´w apdpsI¸nSn¨mWv C¯cw am[ya hnaÀi\§Ä. bpUnF^v kÀ¡mÀ A[nImctaät¸mÄ, Bdpamk¯n\Iw Cu kÀ¡mcns\ Xmsgbnd¡psa¶p ho¼nf¡nb Zriyam[ya kmcYnIfpWvSv. sXcsªSp¸n aÕc¯n\nd§nb ]e am[ya {]hÀ¯IcpsSbpw X\n\ndw sXfnªp IWvSp.

hnhmZ§fpWvSm¡n bpUnF^v kÀ¡mcns\ {]Xn¡q«n \nÀ¯p¶Xn Nne tIm¬{Kkv t\Xm¡Ä \ÂInb kw`mh\IÄ FSp¯p]dtbWvSXpWvSv. X§Ä am{Xw tbmKy·mÀ, aäp ]ecpw AgnaXn¡mÀ F¶p ta\n \Sn¨psImWvSp \n£n]vX XmXv]cy§tfmsS C¡q«À \S¯nb \o¡§Ä kÀ¡mcnsâ {]XnÑmbbn hogv¯nb sNfn amªpt]mbnÃ. Btcm]Whnt[bcmb Nnesc Øm\mÀYnIfm¡cpsX¶v Ahkm\\nanjw \nÀtZiw h¶Xpw Ahsc Øm\mÀYnIfm¡ntb ]äqsh¶ hmintbmsS AXns\ t\cn«Xpw bpUnF^nsâ sam¯w hnPbkm[yXsb _m[n¨p.

Ahkm\ a{´nk`m tbmK¯nseSp¯ hnhmZ Xocpam\§Ä t]mIp¶ t]m¡nepw AgnaXn Fs¶mcp ktµiamWv P\§Ä¡p \ÂInbXv. thms«Sp¸pZn\w hsc \ndªmSnb kcnXbpw s]cp¼mhqcnse PnjbpsS sIme]mXIhpw {]XnIsf ]nSn¡p¶Xn t]meokn\pWvSmb hogvNbpsams¡ bpUnF^nsâ tXmÂhn Dd¸m¡m³ klmbn¨p.

CSXp t\Xm¡Ä t]mepw {]Xo£n¡m¯ `qcn]£t¯msSbmWv FÂUnF^v A[nImc¯ntednbncn¡p¶Xv. bpUnF^nsâ ]mfn¨IÄ AhÀ¡p ]mTamtIWvSXmWv. GXmbmepw bpUnF^v kÀ¡mcn\p t\cntSWvSnhcp¶Xpt]mepÅ k½ÀZ§Ä AhÀ¡p t\cntSWvSnhcnà F¶pd¸v. apJya{´n ]nWdmbn hnPb³ BbXn\m A[nIamcpw AXn\p ss[cys¸SpIbpanÃ.

P\hn[nbn Pbn¨hÀ C¶p ]pXnb kÀ¡mÀ DWvSm¡pIbmWv. Imcy£aXbpsS ImÀ¡iyw icoc`mjbnepw ]peÀ¯nbncp¶ ]nWdmbn hnPb³ apJya{´nbmbn t]cp \nÀtZin¡s¸«tijw kzoIcn¨ncn¡p¶ ]pXnb ka\zbkao]\w {i²n¡s¸SmsX t]mhnÃ. PmXn, aX hyXymktam I£ncmjv{Sob ]cnKW\tbm CÃmsX FÃmhn`mKw P\§fpsSbpw t£a¯n\pthWvSn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ kÀ¡mcmIpw C¶p kXy{]XnÚ sNbvXv A[nImcta¡p¶sX¶mWp \nbpà apJya{´n C¶se hmÀ¯mkt½f\¯n ]dªXv. AXv A§s\Xs¶ BIs«.

Ct{km aÕcn¡p¶Xv bpFkv tImSoizc·mtcmSv

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än.kn. amXyp

Hcp ZiI¯n\¸pdw _lncmImibm{XIÄ km[mcW ]cn]mSnbmIpsa¶p IcpXp¶ cWvSp h³ hyhkmbnIfpWvSv. Ftem¬ akvIpw sP^v s_tkmkpw.

Z£nWm{^n¡bn P\n¨ It\Unb³þAtacn¡³ _nkn\kpImc\mb akvIv, sshZypXn sImWvSp {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ ImÀ \nÀan¡p¶ sSkve tamt«gvknsâbpw Hm¬sse³ ]WssIamä Øm]\amb t]]mensâbpw klØm]I\mWv. At±l¯nsâ asämcp kwcw`amWv kvt]kv FIvkv. a\pjysc _lncmImi¯v F¯n¡pIbpw Xncn¨psImWvSphcnIbpw sN¿p¶Xn\pÅ j«n hnIkn¸n¡pIbmWv Cu I¼\n. Unkw_dn Hcp ]co£W hnt£]Ww hnPbIcambn \S¯pIbpw sNbvXp.

Hm¬sse³ hyhkmb I¼\nbmb BatkmWnsâ Øm]I³ sP^v s_tkmkpw CtXt]msemcp I¼\n \S¯p¶p. »yq HdnPn³ FÂFÂkn. kvt]kv FIvknt\¡mÄ Hcp amkw apt¼ »yq HdnPn³ hoWvSpw D]tbmKn¡mhp¶ tdm¡äv hnt£]n¨v XncnsI sImWvSph¶p.

Cu cWvSv Atacn¡³ iXtImSoizc·mÀ aÕcn¡p¶ hn]Wnbnte¡mWv C´y³ _lncmImi KthjW kwLS\ (Ct{km) Ct¸mÄ IS¶psNÃp¶Xv. Atacn¡ aq¶p ZiIw ap¼p hnIkn¸ns¨Sp¯p \S¸m¡nb j«n kmt¦XnI hnZybmWv C´y C¶se ]co£n¨Xv. Atacn¡ 2011þ j«n hnt£]W§Ä \nÀ¯nh¨p. Ct¸mÄ akvInsâ I¼\nbmWp \mkbn \n¶p kam\ ZuXy¯n\pÅ tIm¬{SmÎv t\Snbncn¡p¶Xv.

_lncmImi¯v D]{Kl§Ä F¯n¡m\pw a\pjysc F¯n¨p XncnsI sImWvSphcm\papÅ tdm¡äv kmt¦XnI hnZy t\ct¯ t\Snsb¦nepw AXnsâ sNehv Ct¸mgpw hfsc IqSpXemWv. \mkbpsS kmt¦XnIhnZysb At]£n¨p Xptemw sNehp IpdhmWv kvt]kv FIvknsâXn\v. F¶mÂ, C´y e£yanSp¶Xp ]mÝmXycptSXnsâ ]¯nsem¶p sNehphcp¶ Hcp kmt¦XnIhnZybmWv. sNmÆmZuXy (awKÄbm³)¯nepw N{µZuXy (N{µbm³)¯nepw sNehp Ipd¨v h³hnPbw t\Sm³ C´y¡mbn. C\n hoWvSpw D]tbmKn¡mhp¶ hnt£]W hml\§fpsS Imcy¯nepw AXmhÀ¯n¨m hensbmcp _nkn\kv Ct{kmbnte¡v BIÀjn¡m³ Ignbpw.

C¶se \S¶Xp kmt¦XnItijn {]ZÀin¸n¡Â (sSIvt\mfPn sUtam¬kv{Sj³) BWv. \mep kmt¦XnIhnZyIÄ C¶se ]co£n¨p hnPbamsW¶p IWvSp. tdm¡än \n¶p thÀs¸« tijapÅ “j«nÂ’ kzbw KXn \nb{´n¨p bm{X sN¿p¶Xv, e£yØm\t¯¡p IrXyambn F¯nt¨cp¶Xv, hml\¯nsâ ]pdwN«bnse Xm]kwc£W kwhn[m\¯nsâ {]mtbmKnIX, `uam´co£¯nte¡pÅ IrXyamb ]p\x{]thiw F¶o \mep kmt¦XnI hnZyIfmWv C¶se ]co£n¨Xv. {iolcnt¡m«bn \n¶p 450 IntemaoäÀ Ing¡v _wKmÄ DÄ¡Sense \nÝnX Øm\¯v j«nÂhml\w tISpIqSmsX h¶nd§n.

C\nbpw hfsc Zqcw t]mbmte j«n bm{XIÄ¡v C´y kÖamIq. F«p apX 15 hsc hÀjw FSp¡mw. ]mÝmXycmPy§fpw djybpsams¡ ]n·mdnb j«n cwK¯v C´y IS¶psNÃp¶Xv Ct{kmbpsS hmWnPy e£y§Ä ap¶n IWvSmWv. Ct¸mįs¶ D]{Kl hnt£]WcwK¯v C´y KWyamb Øm\w t\Snbn«pWvSv. Ccp]Xp cmPy§fpsS 57 D]{Kl§Ä Ct{km CXn\Iw hnt£]n¨n«pWvSv. `mhnbn _lncmImibm{XIfpw D]{Klhnt£]W§fpw hÀ[n¡pt¼mÄ C´y Hcp henb iànbmbn amdpIbmWv kztZin j«n hnIk\¯nsâ D¶w.

C¶se C´y hnt£]n¨p XncnsIsImWvSp h¶Xv bYmÀY¯n thWvS j«nensâ ]¯nsem¶p hep¸apÅ Hcp amXrIbmbncp¶p. Bdc aoäÀ \ofhpw 1.7 S¬ `mchpapÅ CXv A©phÀjw sImWvSmWv kÖam¡nbXv. NndIpÅ tdm¡äv Ft¶m tdm¡äv hnam\w Ft¶m ]dbmhp¶ j«nensâ KXn\nb{´Whpw Xm]kpc£nXXzhpw kw_Ôn¨ kmt¦XnIhnZyIÄ am{XamWv C¶se ]co£n¨Xv. AXn\p hep¸w {]iv\aÃ.

1980Ifn C´y D]tbmKn¨ tdm¡äv (kmässeäv tem©v shln¡nÄ) BWv hnt£]W¯n\p]tbmKn¨Xv. 70 IntemaoäÀ Dbcw hsc am{Xtav Cu tdm¡äv t]mIm³ Dt±in¨ncp¶pÅq. bYmÀY j«n C´ybpsS ]nFkvFÂhn (t]mfmÀ kmässeäv tem©v shln¡nÄ)bnemIpw Xbmdm¡pI. AXp ]mÝmXy I¼\nIfptSXnepw hfsc Ipdª sNehn {]hÀ¯n¸n¡m\mIpw.

Pm«v Iem]¯nsâ _m¡n]{Xw

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kwØm\ ]cyS\w /kn.sI. Ipcym¨³

cWvSmgvN¡mes¯ Iem]¯n lcnbm\bnepWvSmbXv 20,000 tImSn cq]bpsS \ãw. sImebv¡pw sImÅbv¡pw Iq«p\n¶Xv 90 D¶X DtZymKØÀ. KpcpXchpw eÖmIchpamb IpäwsNbvXhcmWv Chsc¶pw IsWvS¯Â. 30 t]cpsS Pohs\Sp¡pIbpw ap¶qdne[nIw t]À¡p ]cnt¡Â¡pIbpw sNbvX Pm«v kwhcW {]t£m`s¯¡pdn¨pÅ BZy At\zjW dnt¸mÀ«nemWv Cu sR«n¡p¶ hnhc§fpÅXv.

Ignª s^{_phcnbnemWp kwØm\s¯ hndsImÅn¨ Pm«v kwhcW {]t£m`w h³ Iem]ambn amdnbXv. kwØm\ [\a{´nbpsS AS¡w At\Iw t]cpsS hoSpIfpw hym]mc Øm]\§fpw XÃn¯IÀ¡pIbpw Aán¡ncbm¡pIbpw sNbvX Iem]amWp lcnbm\bn DWvSmbXv. s^{_phcn Ggp apX 22 hsc kwØm\¯p P\PohnXw \nÝeam¡nb Iem]w ]¯p PnÃIsf KpcpXcambn _m[n¨p.

Iem]¯n kÀ¡mÀ DtZymKØÀ¡pw t]meokn\papWvSmb hogvNIsf¡pdn¨p ]Tn¡m³ kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ \ntbmKn¨ {]Imiv knwKv I½nänbpsS dnt¸mÀ«mWv Ct¸mÄ ]pd¯ph¶ncn¡p¶Xv. ]Zva{io tPXmhmb {]Imiv knwKv D¯À{]tZiv, Bkmw kwØm\§fn UnPn]n, _nFkvF^v ta[mhn F¶o ]ZhnIÄ hln¨ncp¶p. {]Imiv knwKnsâ t\XrXz¯nepÅ aq¶wK I½nän 71 ZnhkwsImWvSmWv At\zjW dnt¸mÀ«v apJya{´n at\mlÀ em J«mdn\p kaÀ¸n¨Xv. Iem]s¯¡pdn¨pÅ PpUoj At\zjWw Bcw`L«¯nemWv.

I½nänbpsS IsWvS¯epIÄ

`oIcÀ t]mepw sN¿m³ aSn¡p¶ AXn{Ia§fmWp Iem]ImcnIÄ kwØm\¯p \S¸m¡nbsX¶mWp {]Imiv knwKv I½nän hniZoIcn¡p¶Xv. I½nän \ÂInb dnt¸mÀ«nse {][m\ Imcy§Ä ChbmWv.

* 20,000 tImSn cq]bpsS \mi\ã§Ä DWvSmbn.

* 30 t]À sImÃs¸«p. 67 tk\mwK§fS¡w 324 t]À¡p ]cnt¡äp.

* sFFFkv, sF]nFkvImcS¡w 90 DZymKØÀ KpcpXchpw IpäIchpamb hogvNhcp¯n.

* Iem]w XSbm³ Nne DZymKØÀ BßmÀY ]cn{iaw \S¯n.

* Iem]ImcnIÄs¡Xntc iàamb \S]SnsbSp¯m kÀ¡mÀ X§sf kwc£n¡nsöp Nne DtZymKØÀ IW¡pIq«n. IÀi\ \S]SnIÄ Iem]w Bfn¡¯n¡psa¶pw C¡q«À `bs¸«p.

* Nne t]meokv, dh\yq DtZymKØÀ Iem]w `b¶v HmSn c£s¸«p. icnbmb dn{Iq«vsaântâbpw t\XrXz¯ntâbpw ^e{]Zamb ]cnioe\¯ntâbpw t{]mÕml\¯ntâbpw A`mhamWv CXn\p ImcWw.

* 144mw hIp¸pw \ntcm[\mÚbpw \ne\n¡pt¼mgpw Iem]ImcnIÄ AgnªmSn.

* IpäIrXy§Ä¡p ap¶nÂ\n¶v Hfnt¨mSnb t]meokv henb \mWt¡SmWv DWvSm¡nbncn¡p¶Xv.

* [\a{´nbpsS hoSv I¯nsbcnbpt¼mÄ t]mepw F¯nt¨cm³ IgnbmXncp¶ t]meokv km[mcW¡mcpsS Poh\pw kz¯n\pw kwc£Ww \ÂIpsa¶p hnizkn¡m\mhnÃ.

apXnÀ¶ sFFFkv Hm^okÀ hnPbv hÀ[\pw UnPn]n sI.]n. knwKpambncp¶p {]Imiv knwKv I½nänbnse AwK§Ä. Iem]¯n\v CcbmbhcS¡w 2,217 t]cn \n¶p I½nän sXfnshSp¯p. 143 hoUntbm ¢n¸nwKpIÄ ]cntim[n¨p. 395 t]cpsS samgnIÄ tcJs¸Sp¯n. cWvSp hmey§fnembn Xbmdm¡nb dnt¸mÀ«nsâ 414 t]PpÅ H¶mw hmeyw ]ckys¸Sp¯n. 37 t]PpÅ cWvSmw hmeyw CâenP³kns\¡pdn¨pÅXmWv. CXv B`y´c hIp¸n\mWp \ÂInbncn¡p¶Xv.

tae[nImcnIfn \n¶p thWvS \nÀtZi§fpw D¯chpIfpw e`n¨nsömWp ]e DtZymKØcpw I½nänsb Adnbn¨Xv. F¶mÂ, I¬ap¶nÂh¨v hoSpIÄ sImÅbSn¡s¸Spt¼mÄ AXp XSbp¶Xn\v F´v D¯chmWp thWvSsX¶p {]Imiv knwKv tNmZn¡p¶p.

knBÀ]nkn A\pkcn¨p \S]SnsbSp¡p¶Xn\p t]meokn\pÅ D¯chmZnXzw \ndthäm³ Hcp tae[nImcnbptSbpw D¯chpIÄ Bhiyansöpw At±lw NqWvSn¡m«p¶p. kz´w ISa ad¡p¶ DtZymKØsc `cWLS\bpsS 311mw hIp¸p {]Imcw ]ncn¨phnSWsa¶pw {]Imiv knwKv \nÀtZin¡p¶p.

A{Ia§Ä Bkq{XnXw

kwhcW{]t£m`w Iem]¯nte¡p hgnamdnbt¸mÄ `cWIqSw \nkwKcmbn t\m¡n\n¡pIbmbncp¶psh¶mWv At\zjW I½nän¡p ap¼msI e`n¨ samgnIÄ hyàam¡p¶Xv. a[y lcnbm\bnse tdmlv¯Iv, QÖmÀ, Pnµv, lnkmÀ, ssIXÂ, `nhm\n, tkms\]Xv, ]m\n¸Xv F¶o PnÃIfnemWp Iem]w cq£amb \mi\ã§fpWvSm¡nbXv.

sImÅbSn¡pIbpw XIÀ¡pIbpw sNbvX 90 iXam\w hoSpIfpw ISIfpw hyhkmb Øm]\§fpw Pm«nXc kapZmbmwK§fptSXmbncp¶p. ssk\nkv, cP]p{X, ]©m_n hn`mK§fptSbpw aäp kapZmb§fptSbpw hkvXphIIÄ¡mWv Gsdbpw \mi\ãapWvSmbXv. hfsc Bkq{XnXambmWv A{Ia§Ä \S¯nbXv.

Iem]hpambn _Ôs¸«v 2087 tIkpIÄ cPnÌÀ sNbvXp. 444 t]À AdÌnembn. \ã]cnlmc¯n\mbn 1789 tIkpIfmWv kÀ¡mcn\p ap¶nse¯nbXv. CXn 1500 F®w \Kc§fnÂ\n¶mWv. 289 tIkpIÄ {Kma{]tZi§fnÂ\n¶pÅhbpw. tkms\¸¯nse sKmlm\ amÀ¡än AXn{Ia§fpw Xohbv]pw Ggp aWn¡qÀ \oWvSp\n¶n«pw t]meokv Xncnªpt\m¡nbnsöp I½nän ap¼msI sXfnhp e`n¨p. sXm«Sp¯p t]meokv tk\bpWvSmbn«pw klmbm`yÀY\ tk\mwK§Ä sNhns¡mWvSnömWv I½nän ap¼msI e`n¨ samgn.

\S]Snbpambn kÀ¡mÀ

Pm«v Iem]¯n kÀ¡mÀ DtZymKØcpw t]meokpw KpcpXcamb hogvNIÄ hcp¯n F¶ At\zjW I½nän dnt¸mÀ«v ]pd¯p h¶Xns\¯pSÀ¶p kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ \S]SnIÄ FSp¯p XpS§n. AUojW No^v sk{I«dn ]n. sI. Zmkns\ ØewamänbXn\p ]n¶mse aq¶v kwØm\ knhn kÀhokv DtZymKØtcbpw UnFkv]n dm¦nepÅ ]¯v t]meokv DtZymKØtcbpw Ignª Znhkw kkvs]³Uv sNbvXp. k_v UnhnjW aPnkvt{Sävamcmb ]¦Pv skXnb (QÖmÀ), PKZo]v knwKv (lm³kn), [Àta{µ knwKv (sKmlm\) F¶nhcmWp kkvs]³Uv sN¿s¸« kwØm\ knhn kÀhokv DtZymKØÀ. I½nän dnt¸mÀ«n t]cp ]cmaÀin¡p¶ apgph³ DtZymKØÀs¡Xntcbpw \S]Sn DWvSmIpsa¶mWp kÀ¡mÀ hr¯§Ä kqNn¸n¡p¶Xv.

I®nÂs¸mSnbnSse¶p tIm¬{Kkv

ap¸Xpt]cpsS Pohs\Sp¡pIbpw Bbnc¡W¡n\p tImSn cq]bpsS \mi\ã§Ä hcp¯pIbpw sNbvX Pm«v Iem]¯n Ct¸mÄ kÀ¡mÀ FSp¡p¶ \S]SnIÄ FÃmw aqSnhbv¡m\pw P\§fpsS I®nÂs¸mSnbnSm\pw am{XapÅXmsW¶mWp tIm¬{Kknsâ hnaÀi\w. Iem]¯n DÄs¸SpIbpw ]n´pW \ÂIpIbpw sNbvX _nsP]n t\Xm¡tfbpw a{´namtcbpw c£n¡m\mWp kÀ¡mÀ {ian¡p¶Xv F¶mWp tIm¬{Kkv hàmhv c¬Zo]v knwKv kpÀtPhme {]XnIcn¨Xv. Ct¸mÄ ]pd¯ph¶ncn¡p¶ At\zjW dnt¸mÀ«pw \S]SnIfpsams¡ IpähmfnIsf c£n¡p¶Xn\p thWvSnbpÅXmWv. kp{]ow tImSXn PUvPnbpsS t\XrXz¯nepÅ kab_ÔnXamb At\zjWamWv tIm¬{Kkv Bhiys¸Sp¶Xv.

BÀFkvFkpambn tNÀ¶p\n¡p¶ hnthIm\µ ^utWvSj\n {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ {]Imiv knwKv \S¯nb At\zjWw FÃmw aqSnhbv¡m\pw _nsP]nsb klmbn¡m\pw DÅXmWv. {]Imiv knwKv I½nän¡v \nba]camtbm `cWLS\m]camtbm km[pXbnÃ. J«mÀ kÀ¡mcns\ c£n¡m\pw shÅ]qim\papÅ Hcp sN¸Sn hnZy am{XamWv Cu I½nänsb¶pw kpÀtPhme hnaÀin¡p¶p. kwØm\ ss{Iw C³shÌntKj³ hIp¸n\v ¢o³ kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂInb I½nänbpsS \S]Snbn ZpcqlXbpWvSv. Xs¶bpaà 90 DtZymKØÀ hogvNhcp¯n F¶p ]dbpt¼mgpw AhÀs¡Xntc bmsXmcp \S]Sn¡pw I½nän in]mÀi \ÂInbn«nà F¶Xpw IuXpIcamsW¶pw tIm¬{Kkv hàmhv NqWvSn¡m«p¶p.

HSphn t\«w Pm«pIÄ¡v

cWvSmgvNs¯ càcqjnXamb Iem]¯neqsS \nch[nt]cpsS PohnXw XIÀs¯¦nepw HSphn Pm«pIfmWv t\«apWvSm¡nbXv. hÀj§fmbpÅ kwhcW Bhiyw t\SnsbSp¡m³ AhÀ¡mbncn¡p¶p. {]_e kapZmbamb Pm«pIsf ]nW¡p¶Xp Xncn¨SnbmIpsa¶p IWvSmWv J«mÀ kÀ¡mÀ Ct¸mÄ kwhcW \nbaw ]mkm¡nbncn¡p¶Xv. kÀ¡mÀ kÀhoknse aq¶v, \mev ¢mkpIfn ]¯p iXam\hpw H¶v, cWvSv ¢mkpIfn Bdp iXam\hpamWv ]pXnb\nbaa\pkcn¨v Pm«pIÄ¡p e`n¡p¶ kwhcWw.

Pm«v, Pm«v kn¡v, tdmÀ, _njvtWmbv, XymKn, apÃm Pm«v, apkvenw Pm«v F¶o hn`mK§sfbmWv sjUyqÄ aq¶n DÄs¸Sp¯n kwhcW¯n\v AÀlcm¡nbXv. ChÀ¡v hnZym`ymk Øm]\§fn ]¯p iXam\w kwhcWhpw e`n¡pw. Ignª amÀ¨v 29\v kwØm\ \nbak` FXnÀ¸nÃmsX ]mkm¡nb \nbaamWv C¡gnª 13\v kÀ¡mÀ D¯chmbn Cd¡nbXv.

{]mtZinI tIm«IÄ `{Zw; tIm¬{Kkn\pw kn]nF½n\pw ap¶dnbn¸v

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DÅXp ]dªm / sI. tKm]meIrjvW³

ASp¯nsS \S¶ \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸nse {it²bamsbmcp hkvXpX A[nImc¯nepÅ {]mtZinI]mÀ«nIsf tZiobI£nIÄ Atemkcs¸Sp¯nbnà F¶XmWv. _wKmfpw Xangv\mSpw {]mtZinI]mÀ«nIfpsS ssIIfn AN©eambn XpScpIbmWv. `mcXob P\Xm]mÀ«nbn \n¶p iàamb FXnÀ¸pWvSmbncp¶psh¦nepw _nlmdnepw UÂlnbnepw t\cs¯Xs¶ {]mtZinIiànIÄ Øm\apd¸n¨ncp¶p. 2016 tabn \S¶ sXcsªSp¸nemIs« tZiob]mÀ«nIfmb kn]nF½pw tIm¬{Kkpw kwbpàambn aaX _m\ÀPnbpsS XrWaq tIm¬{Kkns\ shÃphnfns¨¦nepw ]cnt¡äp ]pd¯mbn. tNmZywsN¿s¸Sm\mhm¯ hyàn{]`mh¯n\pap¶n henb AgnaXnIfpw `cW]camb ]cmPbhpw ]pdwXÅs¸«p.

Xangv\m«n HmÄ C´y A®m {ZmhnU apt¶ä IgIs¯ (FsFFUnFwsI) shÃphnfn¨Xp IcpWm\n[nbpsS {ZmhnU apt¶ä IgIhpambn (UnFwsI) ssItImÀ¯ C´y³ \mjW tIm¬{Kkpw \tc{µ tamZnbpsS `mcXob P\Xm ]mÀ«n (_nsP]n)bpambncp¶p. hnPbIm´nsâ aq¶mwap¶Wnbpw t]mcm«`qanbnepWvSmbncp¶p. C´ybn FhnsSsbms¡ {]mtZinI]mÀ«nIÄ thcq¶nbn«ptWvSm AhnS§fnsem¶pw tZiob ]mÀ«nIÄ¡v Ahsc ]cmPbs¸Sp¯m³ Ignbp¶nÃ. {]mtZinImhiy§Ä \¶mbn a\knem¡m³ AhÀ¡p Ignbp¶psh¶XmWp {][m\ ImcWw.

Hcp]t£ {]mtZinIiànIfpsS klmbt¯msS Bkman Hcp sFIyap¶Wn¡p tIm¬{Kkv {ian¨ncp¶psh¦n IqSpX sa¨s¸« {]IS\w AhÀ¡p km[yamtbs\. {]mtZinI£nIÄ X§fpsS P\{]nbX \ne\nÀ¯p¶XneqsS tZiob]mÀ«nIÄ¡p X§sf AhKWn¡m\nà F¶ ktµiamWp \ÂIp¶Xv. H¸w C´ybpsS s^Ud kz`mhs¯ _lpam\n¡Wsa¶Xpw.

\ne sa¨s¸Sp¯nb tZiob ]mÀ«n _nsP]nbmWv. Bkman AhÀ hnPbn¨Xp {]mtZinI]mÀ«nbmb Bkmw KW]cnj¯pw t_mtUmem³Uv ]o¸nÄkv {^WvSpambpÅ kJy¯neqsSbmbncp¶p. kwØm\w 15 hÀjambn tIm¬{Kkv `cW¯nembncp¶p F¶Xn\m `cWhncp²hnImcw {]ISambncp¶p. tIm¬{Kkns\ A[nImc¯nÂ\n¶p ]pd¯m¡m³, kmlNcyw hnebncp¯n kJy¯n\p XbmdmbXp _nsP]n t\XrXz¯nsâ anSp¡mWv. tIcf¯nemIs«, \nbak`bn BZyambn _nsP]n¡p {]thi\hpw e`n¨p. Btdgv aÞe§fn AhÀ ]cmPbs¸«Xp t\cnb thm«pIÄ¡mWv. Hcp Ukt\mfw aÞe§fn _nsP]n iàamb aÕchpw ImgvNh¨p.

F¶mÂ, AhcpsS kJyI£nbmb _nUnsPFkv Hcp Zpc´ambncp¶p. sXcsªSp¸p^ew AhcpsS _lpP\]n´pW ]e aÞe§fnepw _eh¯söp sXfnbn¨p. am{Xaà hyàn]camb _Ô¯nsâ t]cn Nne bpUnF^vþ FÂUnF^v Øm\mÀYnIsf AhÀ klmbn¨psh¶pw dnt¸mÀ«pIÄ sXfnbn¡p¶p. tIcfhpw tkmamenbbpw X½nepÅ XmcXayw {]NmcWkab¯v Hgnhm¡nbncp¶psh¦n _nsP]nbpsS t\cnb ]cmPb§sfÃmw Hcp]t£ hnPbambn amdntbs\. F´mbmepw tIcf¯nse ]mÀ«n t\XrXzw \nÝbambpw sXcsªSp¸v ^e¯nsâ t]cn kt´mj¯nemWv. ImcWw sa¨s¸« Bkq{XW¯neqsSbpw {]hÀ¯\§fneqsSbpw 2019 temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n aebmfnIfpsS a\kns\ apdnth¸n¡m¯ Xc¯nepÅ hnjb§Ä AhÀ¡p sXcsªSp¡mw.

Xangv\m«nepw ]Ýna_wKmfnepw \à {]IS\w ImgvNhbv¡m\mbnsænepw _nsP]n¡v AkwXr]vXn¡p hIsbm¶panÃ. aaXbpw PbefnXbpambn ]mÀ«n¡p \à _ÔamWv F¶Xn\m ]mÀesaânse \nba\nÀamW§Ä kpKaambn \S¸m¡m\mIpw. Npcp¡n¸dªm _nsP]n¡p kt´mjZmbIamWv kw`hhnImk§Ä.

sXcsªSp¸p^ew hyàam¡p¶Xv C´y³ \mjW tIm¬{Kknsâ t\Xm¡Ä Ccp«nemWv F¶mWv. 15 hÀjambn `cW¯nembncp¶Xn\m Bkmanse ]cmPbw kz`mhnIamsW¶p kmt¦XnIambn AhÀ¡v hmZn¡mw. tIcf¯nsâ Imcy¯nemsW¦n FÂUnF^pw bpUnF^pw amdnamdn `cW¯nse¯p¶XmsW¶pw hymJym\n¡mw. {]mtZinIkJy¯n\p Xbmdmbncp¶psh¦n Bkman ]mÀ«nbpsS {]IS\w sa¨s¸Sp¯mambncp¶p F¶XmWp hkvXpX. Hcp]t£ `cW¯nse¯m\pw Igntªs\. Imcy£aXbpÅ t\Xm¡sf _nsP]nbnte¡v IpSntbdm³ Ahkcsamcp¡pIbpw {]mbm[nIyw _m[n¨ t\Xm¡sf ap³\nÀ¯n sXcsªSp¸ns\ t\cnSpIbpw sNbvXXv Bkman ]mÀ«nbpsS `mhnsb {]XnIqeambn _m[n¨p.

tIcf¯nemIs« hn\miIcamb {Kq¸nkhpw AgnaXnbpw ssl¡am³Uv AhKWn¨p. Ahkm\\nanjw CSs]Sm³ Xocpam\n¨t¸mÄ Nne t\Xm¡Ä {]Xntj[n¨Xp ]mÀ«nbpsS hnizmkyX CÃmXm¡n. t\Xm¡sfbpw {Kq¸ns\bpw kwc£n¡p¶ hn[¯n Øm\mÀYnIsf sXcsªSp¯Xpw ^es¯ kzm[o\n¨p. kn]nF½pambn _wKmfn kJy¯n GÀs¸Sm\pÅ Xocpam\w AWnIsf Bib¡pg¸¯nem¡n. tamiw {]XnÑmbbpsSbpw `cW]cmPb¯nsâbpw t]cn NnecpsS Øm\mÀYnXzs¯ GXm\pw t\Xm¡Ä FXnÀ¯Xpw tZmjwsNbvXp. {]mbambhcpsSbpw ZpÀ_ehn`mK§fpsSbpw s]³j³ t]mepÅ kmaqlykpc£m]cn]mSnIÄ sXcsªSp¸n\v GXm\pw amkwap¼v apS§nbXpw tIm¬{Kkn\p henb £oWapWvSm¡n.

FÃmän\pap]cnbmbn bpUnF^v a{´nk`bpsS Ahkm\ Im_n\äv tbmK¯n FSp¯ XoÀ¯pw P\hncp²hpw GI]£obhpamb Xocpam\§Ä I\¯ \miamWpWvSm¡nbXv. Imcy§Ä IqSpX hjfm¡n, Cu Xocpam\§Ä H¶n\p]pdtI H¶mbn ]ckyam¡s¸«tXmsS sXcsªSp¸pthfbn P\w sR«n¯cn¨p\n¶p. CSXp]£¯nsâbpw _nsP]nbpsSbpw t\Xm¡Ä CXp \¶mbn NqjWwsNbvXp. Cu Xocpam\§sfÃmw ]caclkyambn kq£n¨psh¶Xv CXnse P\hncp²Xsbbpw kwibIcamb e£ys¯bpamWv kqNn¸n¡p¶Xv. an¡ Xocpam\§fpw ssIs¡mWvSXv LSII£nIfpsS k½ÀZwaqeambncp¶p. CXpkw_Ôn¨p hÀKobamb hymJym\§fpw {]NmcWthfIfn DbÀ¶ph¶p. A\ptbmPyamb kab¯v ]mÀ«n ssl¡am³Uv CSs]SpItbm t\Xm¡sf Xncp¯pItbm sNbvXnÃ. ChsbÃmw {]NmcWthfbn FXncmfpsS ZuXyw Ffp¸¯nem¡n.

IuXpIIcsa¶p ]dbs«, _wKmfn kn]nF½pambpÅ kJyw tIm¬{Kkn\v em`Icambncp¶p. tIm¬{Kkns\¡mfpw Ipd¨p koäpIfmWp _wKmfn CSXp]£¯n\p e`n¨Xv! kJywaqew Xangv\m«nepw tIm¬{Kkn\v GXm\pw koäpIÄ e`n¨p. iàntI{µ§fÃm¯ Øe§fn tIm¬{Kkn\v koäv A\phZn¡pI hgn, kJyI£nbmb UnFwsI ^e¯n FUnFwsIbv¡v GXm\pw koäpIÄ hn«p\ÂIpIbmbncp¶p. UnFwsIbpambpÅ kJy¯neqsS ]pXpt¨cnbn ]mÀ«n¡p hnPbn¡m\mbn F¶XmWv GI cPXtcJ.

F´pXs¶bmbmepw tIm¬{Kkns\ kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw AXnPoh\¯n\p cmjv{Sobambn sa¨s¸« X{´§fpw \b§fpw BhiyamWv. cmjv{SobImcy§Ä ssIImcywsN¿m\pÅ kq£va_p²nsImWvSv A\pKrloXcmWv Ct¸mgs¯ t\XrXzsa¶v IcpXm\mhnÃ. H¶pIn Ct¸mgs¯ t\XrXzw amdpItbm Asæn Xocpam\saSp¡m\pÅ k¼qÀW A[nImcw Chcn \n¶p amäpItbm sN¿Ww. _nsP]n¡p _Zemb GI {]Øm\w F¶ ap³Xq¡w Ct¸mgpw AXn\pWvSv. tZiobXe¯n Ct¸mgpw tIm¬{Kkn\v km¶n[yhpapWvSv, FÃm {Kma§fnepwhsc. F¶mÂ, ImeL«w Bhiys¸Sp¶ shÃphnfnIsf t\cnSm³ t\XrXzw DuÀPkzecmIWw. almßmKmÔnþ s\lvdp ]mc¼cyw F¶ Hscmä _nµphneq¶n am{Xw AXn\p \ne\n¡m\mhnÃ. cmjv{Sobamb B Ønc\nt£]¯n \n¶v CXn\Iw Xs¶ t\Xm¡fpw ]mÀ«nbpw IqSpX XpI ]n³hen¨pIgnªp.

tIm¬{Kkv ]mÀ«n¡p cmPys¯ cmjv{Sob`qanI A\p{Iaambn \ãambns¡mWvSncn¡pIbmWv. {]Xn`IfpsS A`mhamWp tIm¬{Kkv t\cn«psImWvSncn¡p¶Xv. temIvk`bn C¡mcyw ]mÀ«n¡mÀ¡pt]mepw t_m[yambn¡gnªp. _nsP]nsb kw{`an¸n¡p¶ iàamb {]iv\§Ä sXcsªSp¡pt¼mÄ AXp ^e{]Zambn AhXcn¸n¡m³ t\Xm¡Ä¡v IgnbmsX hcp¶p. bphm¡sf ]mÀ«nbnte¡v BIÀjn¡m\pw hfsc¡pdt¨ sN¿p¶pÅq. {Kq¸v Ifn¨pw apJkvXpXn ]dªpw am{Xta bph{]Xn`IÄ¡p tIm¬{Kkn \ne\n¡m\mhq F¶XmWv Gsd A]ISIcw.

FÃmw ssl¡am³Un\v hn«psImSp¡p¶ coXn tIm¬{Kkv Ahkm\n¸n¡Ww. AtXmsSm¸w bpht\Xm¡sf AwKoIcn¡m\pw ap³\ncbnte¡p sImWvSphcm\pw ]mÀ«n t\XrXzw ]Tnt¡WvSnbncn¡p¶p. \à {]XnÑmbbpÅ, ImeL«¯nsâ shÃphnfnIsf t\cnSm³ Ignbp¶hsc ]cn]mSnIfpw \b§fpw cq]s¸Sp¯m³ D]tbmKn¡Ww. Ct¸mgpw ]mÀ«n¡p Xncn¨phcm\pÅ tijnbpWvSv F¶XmWp {InbmßIamsbmcp hkvXpX. ]mÀ«nbpsS t£aw B{Kln¡p¶hÀ cmPys¯ÃmbnS¯papWvSv, AhcpsS F®w A\pZn\wIpdªphcnIbmsW¦nepw.

CSXp]£s¯, {]tXyIn¨pw kn]nF½ns\, kw_Ôn¨v sXcsªSp¸v ^ew Dd¡whn«pWcm\pÅ hnfnbmWv. tIm¬{Kkns\¡mÄ Iã¯nembncn¡pIbmWp kXy¯n AhcpsS AhØ. AhÀ¡p tIcf¯n hnPbn¡m³ Ignªp F¶Xp kXyamWv. XoÀ¨bmbpw AXniàamsbmcp hnPbw. F¶mÂ, H¶n\p ]pdtI H¶mbn sXcsªSp¸pIfn hnPbw t\Snbncp¶ _wKmfn AhÀ GXmWvSp ]pd¯mbn¡gnªp. {Xn]pcbnepw kn]nF½n\v km¶n[yapWvSv. F¶mÂ, \nbak`Ifnse sNdnb {]mXn\n[yhpw thm«v iXam\¯nse Ipdhpw aqew tZiob]mÀ«n F¶ ]Zhn \ne\nÀ¯m³ hnjan¡pIbmWhÀ. tI{µt\XrXzhpambn Gäpap«enemWp _wKmÄ LSIw. koXmdmw sb¨qcnbpsS A\pcRvP\¯n\pÅ IgnhmWv \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸n\ptijw ]mÀ«nbn Hcp ]nfÀ¸v Hgnhm¡nbXv. ]c¼cmKX sshcnIfmb tIm¬{Kkpambn _wKmfn kJy¯n\p ]mÀ«nbnse \nch[n t]À FXncmbncp¶p.

Hcp Xeapdbn \n¶v asäm¶nte¡v ]mÀ«nbpsS D¶X t\XrXzw amdnsb¦nepw AXnse Bib¡pg¸§Ä ]cnlcn¡s¸«n«nÃ. Xm¯znIamb A`n{]mb`n¶XIfpw XpScp¶p. hn.Fkv. ANypXm\µs\ amän\nÀ¯nbm P\]n´pWbpÅ t\Xm¡Ä ]mÀ«n¡v A[nIanÃ.

sXcsªSp¸n\ptijw At±ls¯ ZbmclnXambn XgbpIbpw sNbvXp. tPymXn_mkp, F.sI. tKm]me³, C.Fw.Fkv \¼qXncn¸mSv, kpµc¿ F¶n§s\ _lpP\ ]n´pWbpÅ Ht«sd t\Xm¡Â ]mÀ«n¡pWvSmbncp¶p. ]mÀesaânepw ]mÀ«n {]Xn`mZmcn{Zw t\cnSpIbmWv. sb¨qcn¡p am{XamWp ]mÀesaân {i²]nSn¨p]äm\mbXv. Chcpambn XmcXays¸Sp¯nbm {]mtZinI]mÀ«nIÄ¡pt]mepw ]mÀesaân \à {]kwKIcpWvSv. _nsP]n¡mIs« C¯c¯n Ht«sdt¸cpWvSv F¶p k½Xnt¡WvSnhcpw.

AXn\nsS, C´y³ P\m[n]Xyw P\m[n]Xyhncp²amb kz`mh¯nte¡p \o§pIbmWv. `qcn`mKw ]mÀ«nIfpw Hcp P\{]nb t\Xmhnsâ IognemWv {]hÀ¯n¡p¶Xv. bYmÀY¯n {]mtZinI ]mÀ«nIsfÃmw Hscmä t\Xmhv am{XapÅ ]mÀ«nIfmWv. B t\Xmhnsâ P\{]oXnbnemWv ]mÀ«nbpsS \ne\nev]v. tIUÀkz`mhapÅ ]mÀ«nbmb _nsP]n t]mepw Ct¸mÄ Hcp t\Xmhnsâ P\{]oXnsbbmWv B{ibn¡p¶Xv. tZiob]mÀ«nIfn tIm¬{Kkn\pw kn]nF½n\pw ]mÀ«nsb \bn¡m³ C¯csamcp P\{]nb t\XmhnÃ. tIcf¯n sXcsªSp¸v {]NmcWw \bn¨ hn.Fkv. ANypXm\µsâ P\{]oXnbpsS t]cnemWv ]mÀ«n Pbn¨sX¶Xv AXnitbmànbÃ. tIm¬{Kkn\v tIcf¯n C¶v C¯csamcp t\XmhnÃ. F.sI. BâWn P\{]nbt\XmhmsW¦nepw hn.Fknt\mSp XmcXays¸Sp¯m\mhnÃ. km[mcWKXnbn {]Xybimkv{X§fpw B\pImenI hnjb§fpamWv sXcsªSp¸n NÀ¨bmIp¶Xv. F¶mÂ, C¶p kmlNcyw amdn. ]mÀ«nbpsS \ne]mSn\p hgnIm«nbmIp¶Xp t\Xmhnsâ P\{]oXnbmWv.

ImeL«w t\cnSp¶ {]iv\§sf t\cnSp¶Xn\pÅ IÀa]²Xnbpambn apt¶m«phcnIsb¶XmWp kn]nF½n\p ap¶nepÅ shÃphnfn. ]mhs¸«hÀ¡v F{Xbpw thK¯n B\pIqey§Ä Dd¸m¡pIsb¶Xpw. ]mhs¸«hÀ¡v Bizmkw F¯n¨v AhcpsS PohnX\nehmcw DbÀ¯n P\{]nbX \ne\nÀ¯msa¶mWv aaXsbbpw Pbsbbpw t]mepÅ t\Xm¡Ä AhcptSXmb coXnbn ImWn¨pXcp¶Xv. \tc{µ tamZnbpw CXpXs¶bmWp e£yanSp¶Xv. GsdbIsebpÅ kz]v\w bmYmÀYyamIptam F¶dnbp¶Xn\p Im¯ncn¡m³ P\§Ä XbmdÃ. {]Xo£IÄ km£mXvIcn¡p¶Xn ]cmPbs¸Sp¶Xp P\§sf taml`wK¯n\ncbm¡pw.

ImelcWs¸« ]gb ]pkvXI¯mfpIfn \n¶p ]pd¯ph¶p ]pXnb \b§fpw ]cn]mSnIfpambn ]mh§Ä¡p thK¯n t£aw F¯n¡p¶Xns\¡pdn¨mWv CSXp]£ t\XrXzw Nn´nt¡WvSXv. amÀIvknks¯ \ncmIcn¡Wsa¶Ã CXneqsS AÀYam¡p¶Xv. AXnsâ ASnØm\X¯z§sf ssIhnSmsX ]pXnb ImeL«w t\cnSp¶ shÃphnfnIsf t\cnSp¶Xn\pÅ Bib§fmWp krãnt¡WvSXv. Cu e£yw ssIhcn¡p¶Xn\p tImÀ]tdäpIÄ ]mÀ«nsb klmbn¡nà F¶Xn\m bphm¡fn \n¶p ]pXpXmbn DbÀ¶ph¶ kwcw`Itcbpw {]^jWepItfbpw aqe[\w cq]oIcW¯n\mbn kao]n¡Ww.

Gähpw {][m\w Hcp]t£ hÀKobiànIÄ DbÀ¯p¶ shÃphnfnIfmWv. PmXntbmSpw aXt¯mSpapÅ BIÀjWw C¶v Hcphn`mKw BfpIfn {]ISamWv. Cu A]ISs¯ A`napJoIcn¡p¶Xn\v atXXciànIÄ H¶n¨v Häs¡«mbn shÃphnfnsb t\cnSWw. Imcy]cn]mSnbnse BZys¯ C\w CXpXs¶bmIWw. A¸kzev]w hn«phogvNIÄ CXn\mhiyamWv.

atXXcXzs¯ DbÀ¯n¸nSn¡msX C´ybv¡p apt¶m«pt]mIm\mInÃ. aX\nct]£ kaqlasæn hnIk\hpw e£yanSm\mhnÃ. hÀKobXbpsS A]ISs¯¡pdn¨v P\§fn Aht_m[w krãn¡pIsb¶XmWp ImeL«¯nsâ Bhiyw.

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