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hml\m]IS \jvS]cnlmcw HSphn \oXn \S¸mIp¶p

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AUz. tSmw tXmakv ]q¨menÂ

hml\m]IS \jvS]cnlmcw kw_Ôn¨v 2010 Unkw_dn\p ap¼v kwØm\sam«msI \S¸nemt¡WvSnbncp¶ hn[n kwØm\s¯ ]pXnb t]meokv ta[mhn temIv\mYv s_lvd \S¸m¡pIbmWv. hml\m]IS§fnÂs¸«p ]cn¡p ]äp¶hÀ¡pw acWaSbp¶hcpsS B{inXÀ¡pw _p²nap«v IqSmsXbpw ImeXmakanÃmsXbpw \jvS]cnlmcw In«Wsa¶mWp kp{]owtImSXn hn[nbnse ]cmaÀiw. Cu hn[n \S¸nem¡p¶tXmsS AÀlcmb FÃmhÀ¡pw ImeXmakanÃmsX \jvS]cnlmc XpI e`n¡pw. tamt«mÀ shln¡nÄkv BÎv 158(6)Dw 166(4)Dw IÀi\ambn \S¸nem¡m³ kp{]owtImSXn \nÀtZin¨p.

C´ybnse ]ctam¶X \oXn]oTamb kp{]owtImSXnbpsS Cu hn[n \S¸m¡n¡n«m³ Im¯ncnt¡WvSnh¶Xv Bdp hÀjw. F¶n«pw \S¸mbXp `mKnIambn am{Xw. AXpw kwØm\ t]meokv ta [mhnamcpsS ASnb´c CSs]Sens\¯pSÀ¶v.

hml\m]IS§fnÂs¸«p ]cn¡p ]äp¶hÀ¡pw acn¡p¶hcpsS B{inXÀ¡pw Gsd {]tbmP\w sN¿p¶ kp{]owtImSXn hn[n 2009 Ahkm\t¯msSbmWv DWvSmbXv. Pbv{]Imipw \mjW C³jzd³kv I¼\nbpw X½nepÅ tIknemWv Gsd Pt\m]Imc{]Zamb Cu hn[n. {]mtbmKnI _p²nap«pIÄ IW¡nseSp¯v Hmtcm kwØm\¯pw aq¶p L«ambmWp hn[n \S¸m¡m³ \njvIÀjn¨ncp¶Xv. 2010 G{]n Ahkm\t¯msS XeØm\¯pw HmKÌv Ahkm\t¯msS PnÃm BØm\¯pw Unkw_À Ahkm\t¯msS kwØm\s¯ apgph³ t]meokv tÌj\pIfnepw ss{S_yqWepIfnepw hn[n \S¸m¡m\mbncp¶p \nÀtZiw.

CXp tIcf¯nse t]meokv tÌj\pIfn \S¸nem¡nbn«nsöp ImWn¨p UnPn]n¡p In«nb ]cmXnsb¯pSÀ¶v 23.09.2015þ UnPn]n \ÂInb ASnb´c \nÀtZis¯ XpSÀ¶mWp \S¸m¡n XpS§nbXv. tIcf¯nse tamt«mÀ BIvknUâv s¢bnwkv ss{S_yqWepIfpw Cu hn[n \S¸nem¡m³ thWvS{X XmXv]cyw Im«p¶nà F¶ hnhcw sslt¡mSXn cPnkv{SmdpsS {i²bnÂs¸Sp¯n ]cmXn \ÂInbXns\¯pSÀ¶p sslt¡mSXnbpw CXpkw_Ôn¨p _Ôs¸« ss{S_yqWepIÄ¡p IÀi\ \nÀtZiw \ÂIn.

kp{]owtImSXnbpsS Cu hn[n \S¸nemt¡WvS D¯chmZnXzw kwØm\ t]meokn UnPn]n¡mWv. \S¸nem¡nbn«ptWvSm F¶p ]cntim[\ \St¯WvSXv td©v sFPnamcpw.

Cu hn[nb\pkcn¨v, hml\m]IS tIkpIÄ t]meokv cPnÌÀ sNbvXm 30 Znhk¯n\Iw BIvknUâv C³^Àtaj³ dnt¸mÀ«v A[nImc ]cn[nbnÂs¸« tamt«mÀ BIvknUâv s¢bnwkv ss{S_yqWen ^b sN¿Ww. sk³{S tamt«mÀ shln¡nÄkv dqÄkv 1989 ]dbp¶ t^mw \¼À 54 thWw ^b sN¿m³. AXn hml\m]IS¯nÂs¸«p ]cn¡p ]änb BfpsS {]mbw, acWaSª tIkpIfnse B{inXcpsS t]cv, hbkv, ]cn¡p ]änb Bfnsâ hcpam\w F¶nh DWvSmIWw. CXnsâ H¸w F^vsFBdnsâ km£ys¸Sp¯nb tIm¸n, sskäv ¹m³, alkÀ, IrXyØes¯ t^mt«m{Km^pIÄ, ss{UhdpsS ss{UhnwKv ssek³kv, C³jzd³kv kÀ«n^n¡äv, ^näv\kv kÀ«n^n¡äv, hqWvSv kÀ«n^n¡äv, acWaSª tIkpIfn t]mÌvtamÀ«w dnt¸mÀ«v, ]cn¡v ]änb Bfnsâ t]cpw ]qÀWamb hnemkhpw, acWaSª tIkpIfn B{inXcpsS t]cv, hnemkw F¶nhbpw DWvSmbncn¡Ww. H¸w Xs¶ dnt¸mÀ«nsâbpw _Ôs¸« tcJIfpsSbpw tIm¸n C³jzd³kv I¼\n¡pw \ÂIWw.

tIknsâ BZys¯ lnbdnwKv XobXn t]meokv Xs¶ ]cn¡p]änb Bfns\bpw A]IS¯n\p tlXphmb hml\¯nsâ ss{UhÀ, DSaس, C³jzd³kv I¼\n F¶nhscbpw Adnbn¡Ww. acWaSª tIkpIfn B{inXsc Adnbn¡Ww. ss{S_yqW \nÀtZin¨m AhcpsS km¶n[yw t]meokv Dd¸m¡pIbpw thWw.

tamt«mÀ shln¡nÄkv BÎv skIvj³ 158(6) {]Imcw t]meokv ^b sN¿p¶ dnt¸mÀ«v skIvj³ 166 (4) {]ImcapÅ \jvS]cnlmc lÀPnbmbn ss{S_yqW ]cnKWn¡Ww. hml\m]IS¯n ]cn¡p ]änbhtcm acWaSªhcpsS B{inXtcm \jvS]cnlmc lÀPn ^b sN¿m³ Im¯p\n¡cpXv. CXn\pthWvSn Hmtcm ss{S_yqWenepw {]tXyI cPnÌÀ kq£n¡Ww. sslt¡mSXn cPnkv{SmÀ P\d BWv Hmtcm kwØm\¯pw CXn\pthWvS ap³ssI FSp¯v ss{S_yqWen\p thWvS klmbw sNt¿WvSXv. BZys¯ lnbdnwKn\p I£n lmPcmIp¶tXmsS t]meokv ^b sNbvX dnt¸mÀ«v bYmÀY \jvS]cnlmc lÀPnbmbn amdpw. t]meokv ^b sN¿p¶Xn\p ap¼v I£n \jvS]cnlmc lÀPn ^b sNbvXn«psWvS¦n t]meokv ^b sNbvXXv, t\cn«v ^b sNbvX \jvS]cnlmc lÀPntbmSp tNÀ¡pw. A]ISw kw_Ôn¨v C³jzd³kv I¼\n¡p Imcyamb XÀ¡w Csæn AZme¯nte¡p tIkv d^À sN¿pItbm k½dn {Sb apJm´ncw tIkv XoÀ¸m¡pItbm sN¿pw. Bdp amk¯n\pÅn tIkv XoÀ¸m¡Wsa¶pw kp{]owtImSXn \njvIÀjn¨n«pWvSv. Xocpam\amIp¶ tIkpIfn 30 Znhk¯n\Iw C³jzd³kv I¼\n \jvS]cnlmc XpI \ÂIWw. km[mcW knhn tIkv t]mse \jS]cnlmc lÀPnIÄ \o«ns¡mWvSpt]m Ip¶Xv Hgnhm¡Wsa¶pw \nÀtZin¨n«pWvSv.

XÀ¡anÃm¯ tIkpIfn temIv AZme¯nsâ skänÂsaânt\m ss{S_yqWensâ hn[nt¡m Im¯p\n¡msX acWaSªhcpsS B{inXÀ¡v C³jzd³kv I¼\nIÄ kp{]owtImSXnbpsS hn[nbn ]dbp¶ Ìm³UmÀUv t^mÀape h¨pÅ \jvS]cnlmcw \ÂIWw. ]cn¡p ]änb tIkpIfn NnInÕms¨ehv \ÂIWw. saUn¡Â C³jzd³kv t]mfnknIÄ FSp¯m NnInÕs¨ehpIÄ hln¡p¶Xpt]mse hml\m]IS¯nÂs¸«hcpsS NnInÕs¨ehv C³jzd³kv I¼\nIÄ hln¡m¯Xn\v Hcp ImcWhpw ImWp¶nà F¶pw kp{]owtImSXn ]dbp¶p.

hntZicmPy§fn ]ebnS¯pw hml\m]ISw kw`hn¨m C³jzd³kv I¼\nIÄ DS\Sn At\zjWw \S¯n A]IS¯nÂs¸«p ]cn¡p ]änbhÀ¡p \jvS]cnlmc¯pI \ÂIpw. Npcp¡ambn s¢bnw \ntj[n¡pItbm, XpI Ipdªpt]mIpItbm sN¿p¶ kµÀ`¯n am{Xta AhÀ tImSXnsb kao]n¡mdpÅq.

hml\m]IS¯nÂs¸Sp¶hcn \jvS]cnlmc XpI In«m¯ hn`mK¯nsâ Imcyhpw tImSXn ]cmaÀin¡p¶p.

1. AÚmX hml\w CSn¨hÀ.

2. C³jzd³kv CÃm¯ hml\w aqew A]IS¯nÂs¸«hÀ.

3. tXÀUv ]mÀ«n C³jzd³kv am{XapÅ kzImcy hml\¯n bm{X sNbvXhcpw Nc¡phWvSnIfnse bm{X¡mcpw.

Chcn AÚmXhml\w X«n KpcpXc ]cn¡v ]änbhÀ¡pw acn¨hÀ¡pw hfsc sNdnb Hcp XpI skmtejyw kvIoanÂ\n¶p sImSp¡p¶XÃmsX bYmÀY \jvS]cnlmcw e`n¡p¶nÃ. aäp cWvSp tIkpIfnepw C³jzd³kv I¼\n \jvS]cnlmc ¯pI \ÂInÃ. hml\m]IS§fnÂs¸«p KpcpXcambn ]cn¡p ]äp¶ ]eÀ¡pw km¼¯nI _p²nap«v aqew \nehmcapÅ NnInÕ e`n¡p¶nÃ. C¡mcyhpw tImSXn ]cmaÀin¡p¶p.

\nÀ`mKyhimÂ, t]meokpw ss{S_yqWepIfpw Cu hyhØ \S¸nem¡m³ thWvS Hcp {iahpw \S¯p¶nà CXp thWvScoXnbn \S¸nembm hml\m]IS§fnÂs¸«p ]cn¡p ]äp¶hÀ¡pw acn¡p¶hcpsS B{inXÀ¡pw bmsXmcphn[ _p²nap«pw IqSmsX GXm\pw amk§Ä¡pÅn \jvS]cnlmcXpI e`n¡psa¶p kp{]owtImSXn ]dbp¶p.

kÀ¡mcn\p ap¼msIbpw kp{]owtImSXn Nne \nÀtZi§Ä h¨n«pWvSv. hml\m]IS§fnÂs¸Sp¶ FÃmhÀ¡pw \jvS]cnlmcw e`n¡psa¶v Dd¸phcp¯Ww. A]IS¯nÂs¸Sp¶ hml\¯nsâ DSaس HgnsI ]cn¡p ]änb FÃmhscbpw tXÀUv ]mÀ«nbmbn IW¡m¡Ww. AÚmX hml\w X«nb tIkpIfn \jvS]cnlmc XpI DbÀ¯Ww. ]cn¡p ]äp¶hsc ip{iqjn¡m³ t{Smam skâdpIfpw {]Ya ip{iqj skâdpIfpw [mcmfw Øm]n¡Ww. tdmUv tk^vän _yqtdm Øm]nt¡WvSXnsâ BhiyIXbpw tImSXn FSp¯p]dbp¶p. C³jzd³kv CÃm¯ hml\w A ]IS¯nÂs¸«m hml\ DSa \jvS]cnlmc¯pI skIyqcnänbmbn \ÂInbm am{Xta hml\w hn«p \ÂImhq F¶p \njvIÀjn¡p¶p.

tIcf¯nÂ, kwØm\ t]meokv ap³ ta[mhn Sn.]n. sk³Ipamdn\p In«nb ]cmXnbpsS ASnØm\¯n At±lw ap³ssIsbSp¯mWv C¡mcy§Ä \S¸nem¡n¯pS§nbXv. AXn\pap¼v 2/2008 F¶ kÀ¡peÀ DWvSmbncps¶¦nepw CXp \S¸nembncp¶nÃ. sXmSp]pg tamt«mÀ BIvknUâv s¢bnwkv ss{S_yqW PUvPn ]n. am[h³ C¡mcy¯n {]tXyI XmXv]cysaSp¯v PnÃbnse Fkv]n, UnsshFkv]namÀ FFkv]n, FkvF¨vHamÀ F¶nhÀ¡p \nÀtZiw \ÂInbXns\¯pSÀ¶v CSp¡n PnÃbnse an¡hmdpw t]meokv tÌj\pIfnepw ss{S_yqWenepw CXp ]qÀWambpw \S¸nembn.

AXn\pthWvSn {]tXyI cPnÌdpw ss{S_yqWen kq£n¡p¶pWvSv. Ct¸mgs¯ ss{S_yqW PUvPn sI.BÀ. a[pIpamdpw C¡mcy¯n {]tXyI XmXv]cyw ImWn¡p¶p. F¶mÂ, sslt¡mSXnbpsS \nÀtZiw DsWvS¦nepw tIcf¯nse ]e tamt«mÀ BIvknUâv s¢bnwkv ss{S_yqWepIfpw Ct¸mgpw CXp icnbmb hn[¯n \S¸nem¡p¶nà F¶v Bt£]apWvSv.

C´ybn UÂlnbnemWv Cu hn[n hnPbIcambn BZyw \S¸nem¡nbXv. Ct¸mÄ tIcf¯n \S¸nem¡nhcp¶p. hn[n \S¸mhp¶tXmsS hml\m]IS¯n ]cn¡p ]äp¶hÀ ¡pw acWaSbp¶hcpsS B{inXÀ¡pw ImeXmakanÃmsX \jvS]cnlmc¯pI e`n¡pw. tIkv ^b sN¿p¶Xn\p thWvSnhcp¶ tImÀ«v ^okv, eoK s_\^näv ^WvSv, ^benwKv sNehpIÄ F¶nh HgnhmIpw. {]amW§fpw kwLSn¸nt¡WvSnhcnÃ. FXnÀI£nIsfbpw ]cn¡p ]änb Bfns\bpw tImSXnbnse BZy lnbdnwKv XobXn Adnbnt¡WvS NpaXebpw t]meokn\mWv.

IqSmsX, hml\m]IS§fn s]Sp¶hÀ¡v ASnb´c NnInÕm klmbhpw Krl\mY³ acn¨m Ip«nIfpsS hnZym`ymk¯n\pÅ klmbhpw e`n¡p¶Xn\mbn tIcf tamt«mÀ shln¡nÄ BIvknUâv hnÎnwkv FaÀP³kn dneo^v ^WvSv _n 2016 kwØm\¯p \S¸m¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸«p kwØm\ KXmKX hIp¸v a{´n¡v \ÂInb At]£bpw ]cnKW\bnemWv. hml\m]IS§fnÂs¸«p ]cn¡v ]äp¶hÀ¡v bYmkabw hnZKv[ NnInÕ e`yam¡nbm acWkwJy Hcp ]cn[n hsc Ipdbv¡m³ Ignbpw.

hml\m]IS§fnÂs¸Sp¶ Bbnc¡W¡n\p \ncmew_À¡p hfsctbsd Bizmkw \ÂIp¶ Cu _n \S¸m¡m³ thWvS \o¡w kwØm\ kÀ¡mcnsâ `mK¯p\n¶v DWvSmIpsa¶p {]Xo£n¡mw.

hnZym`ymks¯ ImhnhXvIcn¡p¶ IcSv tZiob hnZym`ymk \bw

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{]^. tdmWn sI. t__n

C´ybnse s]mXphnZym`ymk, D¶X hnZym`ymk taJeIfn kaqeamb amä§Ä \nÀtZin¡p¶ tZiob hnZym`ymk \bwþ2016 sâ IcSv tI{µ am\h hn`htijn a{´mebw {]kn²oIcn¨p. \tc{µ tamZn kÀ¡mÀ A[nImc¯n h¶Xn\ptijw 2015 emWv ap³ Im_n\äv sk{I«dn Sn.Fkv.BÀ. kp{_ÒWy¯nsâ t\XrXz¯n ]pXnb tZiob hnZym`ymk \bw cq]oIcn¡p¶Xn\mbn A©wK I½nänsb \ntbmKn¨Xv. {]apJcmb hnZym`ymk hnN£WÀ¡p ]Icw dn«. sFFFkv DtZymKØsâ t\XrXz¯n hnZym`ymk \bw cq]oIcn¡p¶Xns\Xntc I½nänbpsS cq]oIcW kab¯pXs¶ hnaÀi\§Ä DbÀ¶ncp¶p.

]pXnb tZiob hnZym`ymk \bw (F³C]n) cq]oIcn¡p¶Xn\pthWvSn kp{_ÒWyw I½nän cmPy¯pS\ofw hnZym`ymk taJebpambn _Ôs¸« \nch[n BfpIsf ]s¦Sp¸n¨p NÀ¨Ifpw hÀ¡vtjm¸pIfpw kwLSn¸n¨psh¦nepw cmPys¯ hnZym`ymk {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡p \nkvXpeamb kw`mh\IÄ \ÂIp¶ aX\yq\]£ kwLS\Isfbpw hnZym`ymk GP³knIsfbpw CXnÂ\n¶p hfsc t_m[]qÀhw Hgnhm¡n F¶ hnaÀi\w ]e tImWpIfnÂ\n¶pw DbÀ¶ncp¶p. cmPys¯ 25,000þ A[nIw hnZym`ymk Øm]\§sf \nb{´n¡p¶ {InkvXy³ aXhn`mK§fpambn _Ôs¸«v I½nän Hcphn[ NÀ¨bpw \S¯nbnà F¶ KpcpXcamb Btcm]Ww D¶bn¨Xv Im¯enIv _nj]vkv tIm¬^d³kv Hm^v C´y (kn_nknsF) BWv. ]pXpXmbn cq]oIcn¡p¶ tZiob hnZym`ymk \b¯nsâ Du¶Â hÀKobhXvIcWamWv F¶ \nco£Whpw kn_nknsF \S¯n.

Hcp hÀjs¯ NÀ¨IÄ¡pw ]T\§Ä¡pw tijw tZiob hnZym`ymk \b¯n DÄs¸Spt¯WvS 90 \nÀtZi§Ä 2016 tabv Ahkm\w kp{_ÒWyw I½nän tI{µ am\h hn`htijn a{´meb¯n\p kaÀ¸n¨p. F¶mÂ, Cu \nÀtZi§Ä ]pd¯phnSmsX clkyambn kq£n¡pIbmWp a{´mebw sNbvXXv. CXns\Xntc kp{_ÒWyw Xs¶ cwK¯phcnIbpw I½nänbpsS {][m\ in]mÀiIÄ At±lw Xs¶ ]pd¯phnSpIbpw sNbvXp. CtX¯pSÀ¶v Pqsse 30\v a{´meb¯nsâ sh_vsskän kp{_ÒWyw I½nänbpsS \nÀtZi§Ä DÄs¸Sp¯n tZiob hnZym`ymk \b¯nsâ IcSv {]kn²oIcn¨p. IcSns\Xntc s]mXpP\§fpsS \nÀtZi§fpw Bt£]§fpw kaÀ¸n¡p¶Xn\v 2016 sk]väw_À 15 hscbmWp kabw A\phZn¨ncn¡p¶Xv.

tZiob hnZym`ymk \b¯nsâ 43 t]PpIfnembpÅ IcSv ]cntim[n¨mÂ, hnZym`ymk taJebnse s]mXpþkzImcy ]¦mfn¯w, hnZym`ymk¯nsâ A´mcmjv{ShXvIcWw, 2002 se tZiob hnZym`ymk AhImi \nba¯nsâ s]mfns¨gpXÂ, tZiob ASnØm\¯nepÅ A[ym]I dn{Iq«psaâv t_mÀUpIÄ, D¶X hnZym`ymk Øm]\§fnte¡pÅ {]thi\¯n\p thWvSnbpÅ tZiob s]mXp]co£, D¶X hnZym`ymk Øm]\§fpsS KpWta· hnebncp¯en\pw A{IUntäj\pw thWvSnbpÅ \mjW Akkvsaâv B³Uv A{IUntäj³ Iu¬kn amXrIbn kvIqfpIÄ¡pthWvSnbpÅ tZiob A{IUntäj³ kwhn[m\w XpS§nb ]e \nÀtZi§fpw DsWvS¦nepw hnhmZambncn¡p¶Xv kwL]cnhmÀ AP³U \S¸m¡m³ Dt±in¨psImWvSpÅ Nne \nÀtZi§fmWv.

]pcmX\ C´ybn \ne\n¶ncp¶ thZnIv hnZym`ymk k{¼Zmb¯nsâ KpWKW§sf IcSv hnZym`ymk \b¯nsâ BapJ¯nÂXs¶ {]IoÀ¯n¡p¶pWvSv. hnZym`ymk¯nsâ ]caamb e£yw F¶Xp euInI PohnXtam hnÚm\tam Aà F¶pw kzXz¯nsâ ]caamb km£mXvImcamWv F¶pw thZnIv Nn´Ifn Du¶n IcSv hnZym`ymk \b¯nsâ BapJw ]dbpt¼mÄ AXn\p ]n¶nse AP³U hyàamIp¶p. C´y³ kwkvImc¯n Du¶nbpÅ Hcp hnZym`ymk coXnbmWv B[p\nI C´y¡v Bhiyw F¶v BapJ¯n ASnhcbn«p ]dbp¶p. F¶mÂ, AklnjvWpXbn A[njvTnXamb {]Xybimkv{Xw C´ybn ASnt¨Â¸n¡m³ {ian¡p¶hcpsS e£y§fmWv CXn Hfnªncn¡p¶Xv.

kwL]cnhmÀ apt¶m«phbv¡p¶ tZiobXmhmZw kmwkvImcnI tZiobXbmWv. Cu tZiobXmhmZ¯nsâ ASnØm\w thZImeL«w apX cq]s¸«phcp¶ BcyhXvIcW¯nepw {_mÒWhXvIcW¯nepw A[njvTnXamb C´y³ kwkvImcamWv. {]mNo\ C´ybn Akv]ÀiyXbv¡pw NmXpÀhÀW k{¼Zmb¯n\pw AklnjvWpXbv¡pw hgnh¨ thZImeL«¯nte¡pÅ Xncn¨pt]m¡mWv IcSv tZiob hnZym`ymk \b¯nsâ BapJw DZvtLmjn¡p¶Xv.

IcSv \b¯nsâ Dt±iip²nsb Xs¶ tNmZyw sN¿p¶ aäp Nne {][m\ \nÀtZi§Ä {i²n¡pI:

4:11 (3) ]dbp¶p, “"kwkvIrX`mjbv¡p {]m[m\yw \ÂIWw. C´ybnse aäp `mjIfpsS hnImk¯n\v hgnsXfn¡pIbpw cmPys¯ kmwkvImcnI sFIyw \ne\nÀ¯pIbpw sN¿p¶Xn\v CXmhiyamWv.'’’

cmPy¯nsâ `mhnsbXs¶ kzm[o\n¡p¶Xn hfsc \nÀWmbIamb hnZym`ymk \b¯n F{X henb hnUvVn¯amWp Ip¯n\nd¨ncn¡p¶Xv F¶p t\m¡pI. C´ybnse FÃm `mjIfpsSbpw hnImk¯n\p ImcWambXp kwkvIrX `mjbmWv F¶mWp kwL]cnhmÀ hmZw. kwL]cnhmdnsâ B`napJy¯n C´ybpsS kakvXtaJeIfnepw \S¶phcp¶ kwkvIrXhXvIcW¯nsâ `mKamWp kvIqÄ ]mTy]²Xnbn kwkvIrX`mjbv¡p {]m[m\yw \ÂIWsa¶ \nÀtZiw. ChnsS kwkvIrXw F¶ `mjbà {]iv\w. adn¨v `mj {]Xn\n[m\w sN¿p¶ kwkvImc¯neqsS `mhn ]uc·mcpsS Xet¨mdpIfnte¡pw t_m[aÞe¯nte¡pw IS¯nhnSm³ Dt±in¡p¶ {]Xybimkv{XamWv {]iv\w.

]mT]pkvXI§fpsS {]Xybimkv{XhXvIcW¯nsâ ^mknÌv kao]\§fmWv ChnsS ]co£n¡s¸Sp¶Xv. kwkvIrXw C´y³ `mjIfpsS aqe`mjbmWv F¶pw kwkvIrXw {]Xn\n[m\w sN¿p¶ Bcy³ kwkvImcw BZna C´y³ kwkvImcamWv F¶papÅ ImgvN¸mSpIÄ ]mT]pkvXI§fneqsS hnZymÀYnIfpsS t_m[aÞe¯n ]Xnbp¶Xp Zqchym]Iamb {]XymLmX§Ä DWvSm¡pw.

kwkvIrXw hntZi`mjbmsW¶pw `qcn]£w C´y³ `mjIfpw {ZmhnUIpe `mjIfmWv F¶papÅ bmYmÀYys¯ A«nadn¡p¶Xn\p thWvSnbmWv kwL]cnhmdnsâ Cu kwkvIrX `mjmhmZw. {]mNo\ C´ybpsS Ncn{Xw hfs¨mSn¨v BZna C´y³ kwkvImcw F¶Xv kwkvIrX `mj {]Xn\n[m\w sN¿p¶ BcyhÀK kwkvImcw BWv F¶v hcp¯n¯oÀ¡p¶Xn\pthWvSnbpÅ t_m[]qÀhamb \nÀtZiamWv IcSv tZiob hnZym`ymk \b¯nepÅXv. CXp XoÀ¨bmbpw FXnÀ¡s¸tSWvSXmWv.

cmPy¯nsâ kmwkvImcnI sFIyw \ne\nÀt¯WvSXv kwkvIrX¯neqsSbmWv F¶mWv IcSv tZiob hnZym`ymk \bw ]dbp¶Xv. _lpkzcXbnepw sshhn[y§fnepw A[njvTnXamb \m\mXz¯n GIXzw F¶ ZÀi\w DbÀ¯n¸nSn¨ tZiob ImgvN¸mSn\p hncp²amWp kwL]cnhmdnsâ kmwkvImcnI tZiobXm hmZw.

lnµp tZiobhmZ¯nsâ {][m\ hàmhmb tKmÄhm¡À 1936  {]kn²oIcn¨ ‘We or Our Nationhood Defined’ F¶ {KÙ¯n C{]Imcw ]dbp¶p: Alnµp¡Ä lnµpØm\n lnµp kwkvImchpw `mjbpw kzoIcn¡Ww. lnµpaXs¯ _lpam\n¡m\pw AXnt\mSp `b`àn ]peÀ¯m\pw ]Tn¡Ww. lnµphnsâ hwiobXsbbpw kwkvImcs¯bpw DPzeambn t{]mÕmln¸n¡pI AÃmsX asämcp Nn´sbbpw t{]mÕmln¸n¡cpXv. AXn\p Ignbp¶nsæn Hcp B\pIqeyhpw Bhiys¸SmsX Hcp {]tXyI ]cnKW\bpw B{Kln¡msX (]ucmhImiw t]mepw tNmZn¡msX) lnµpcmjv{S¯nsâ `mKambn AhÀ¡nhnsS Pohn¡mw. kwkvIrX`mjsb ap¶nÂ\nÀ¯ns¡mWvSv cmPy¯v kmwkvImcnI sFIyw cq]oIcn¡m³ {ian¡p¶ kwL]cnhmdnsâ KqVe£yw C¯c¯nsemcp kmwkvImcnI tZiobX ]p\À\nÀan¡pI F¶XmWv.

tZiob hnZym`ymk \b¯nsâ IcSptcJbnse aäp {][m\ \nÀtZi§Ä tbmK ]cnioe\w kvIqÄ ]mTy]²XnbpsS `mKam¡pI, kvIqfpIfpsS \nehmcw DbÀ¯p¶Xn\p cq]tcJ Xbmdm¡pI, am\h hn`htijn a{´meb¯nsâ Iogn Hmtcm A©phÀjw IqSpt¼mgpw hnZym`ymk I½ojs\ \nban¡pI, kvIqfpIÄ kw_Ôn¨ hnhctiJcW¯n\p tI{µ hnZym`ymk ÌmänÌn¡Â GP³kn (knCFkvF) bpsS cq]oIcWw, KpW\nehmc hnebncp¯en\pw A{IUntäj\pw thWvSnbpÅ tI{µ GP³kn XpS§nbhbmWv. cmPys¯ hnZym`ymk taJebpsS ]qÀWamb \nb{´Ww am\h hn`htijn a{´meb¯nepw F¯n¡pI F¶XmWv CXnsâ e£yw F¶p \nkwibw ]dbmw.

IcSv tcJbnse asämcp {][m\ \nÀtZiw cmPys¯ kvIqÄ hnZym`ymk taJebpsS {]hÀ¯\¯n kÀ¡mÀ CXc k¶² kwLS\IfpsS ]¦mfn¯w Dd¸phcp¯pI F¶XmWv. kÀ¡mÀ CXc k¶² kwLS\ F¶XpsImWvSv hnh£n¡p¶Xv BÀFkvFkpambn _Ôs¸« lnµp ]cnhmÀ kwLS\IfmWv. C´ybnse GItZiw 40,000 kvIqfpIÄ C¯cw kwLS\IfpsS \nb{´W¯nepWvSv F¶mWp IW¡m¡nbncn¡p¶Xv. BZnhmknþ ]nt¶m¡ taJeIfn hnZym`ymk hym]\¯n\mbn ]pXnb ]²XnIfpw tI{µ ^WvSpw hcpt¼mÄ C¯cw kwLS\IfpsS ]qÀW \nb{´Ww AXnepWvSmIpw F¶Xn kwibw thWvS.

kvIqÄ hnZym`ymk¯nepw ]mTy]²Xnbnepw kwL]cnhmÀ ]nSnapdp¡p¶Xv ZoÀLIme e£y§tfmsS Xs¶bmWv. C´ybnse hnZym`ymk taJesb ]qÀWambpw ImhnhXvIcn¡pI Xs¶bmWv CXnsâ e£yw. 1978 P\Xm]mÀ«n kÀ¡mcnsâ `mKambncp¶t¸mÄ P\kwLs¯ ap¶nÂ\nÀ¯n kwL]cnhmÀ C¯csamcp ]co£Ww \S¯nbncp¶p. ]t£ A¶s¯ tZiob hnZym`ymk \bw sk³{S AUvsshkdn t_mÀUv Hm^v FUypt¡j³ (knF_nC) AwKoIcn¡mXncp¶XpsImWvSv \nehn h¶nÃ.

]t£ Ct¸mÄ Imcy§Ä XnI¨pw hyXykvXamWv, kn_nFkvC, F³knCBÀSn, bpPnkn, sFknF¨vBÀ XpS§n C´ybnse s]mXphnZym`ymk, D¶X hnZym`ymk taJebpambn _Ôs¸«p {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä FÃmwXs¶ kwL]cnhmdnsâ ]qÀW\nb{´W¯n h¶p Ignªp. am\h hn`htijn hnIk\ a{´meb¯nÂ\n¶p kvarXn Cdm\nsb ]pd¯m¡n \mKv]qcnse BÀFkvFknsâ hnizkvX³ {]Imiv PmhtU¡sd {]XnjvTn¡p¶Xn kwL]cnhmÀ hnPbn¨p.

C´ybnse hnZym`ymk taJesb ImhnhXvIcn¡m³ kwL]cnhmÀ \S¯p¶ {ia§Äs¡Xntc iàamb {]XnIcW§Ä DWvSmIWw.

(Imªnc¸Ån FkvUn tImfPv A[ym]I\mWp teJI³)

BtLmj§Äs¡mcp ]p\ÀNn´\w

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{]XnIcWw / tUm. tdmkn X¼n

Xncp\mÄ BtLmj§Äs¡mcp ]p\Àhmb\’’ F¶ ioÀjI¯n kotdm ae_mÀ k` taPÀ BÀ¨v_nj]v IÀZn\mÄ amÀ tPmÀPv Bet©cn FgpXnb teJ\w tIcf It¯men¡cpsS ASnb´c {i² BhiyapÅ hnjbamsW¶p IcpXp¶XpsImWvSmWv Cu Ipdn¸v. ss{IkvXhÀ Bsc ]n´pScWw F¶ Imcy¯n \ap¡p kwib§Ä DWvSmbn¯pS§nbncn¡p¶ ImeamWnXv. {InkvXphns\ ]n³XpScp¶p F¶p {]kwKn¡pIbpw km¯ms\ ]n³XpScpIbpw sN¿pIbmWp s]mXpcoXn. aq¶p Imcy§tfmSmWp tbip{InkvXp Xsâ PohnX¯n “t\m’ F¶p ]dªXv. aq¶p {]tem`\§Ä BWXv. Cu {]tem`\§Ä Xs¶bmWv C¶p {InkvXym\ntbbpw ]n³XpScp¶Xv þ A[nImcw, k¼¯v, bikv. ]e \ymb§ÄsImWvSp \½Ä Cu aq¶ns\bpw tNÀ¯p]nSn¡p¶p.

Hcp Imens¯mgp¯n P\n¡pIbpw aq¶mWnIfn Xq¡ns¡mÃs¸SpIbpw sNbvX, \nklmbcpsSbpw ]pd¯m¡s¸«hcpsSbpw IqsS Pohn¨ X§fpsS ssZh¯ns\ cmPm[ncmP\m¡pIbpw `oamImcamb hmkØe§Ä ]WnXv Ct¸mgpw ap¶mWnbn Xq¡nbnSpIbpw sN¿p¶p. AXn\pw \ap¡p \ymbapWvSv. AevambÀ hoSpIsfÃmw s]mfn¨p hepXm¡p¶p. ssZh¯nsâ hoSv \¶m¡n ]WnbtWvS? C¡mcy§sfm¶pw ]ptcmlnXcpsStbm ]ptcmlnXt{ijvTcpsStbm am{Xw B{KlaÃ, AevambcptSXpw IqSnbmWv.

CXn\nSbnepw Nnesc¦nepw hnfn¨p]dbp¶pWvSv, C§s\bà Imcy§Ä k`bn \St¡WvSsX¶v. ]t£, AhcpsS iÐw `qcn]£¯nsâ Bch§fn ap§nt¸mIp¶p. Cu kab¯mWv Bet©cn ]nXmhnsâ teJ\w Fs¶ {]tNmZn¸n¡p¶Xv. \½psS BtLmj§fn kw`hn¡p¶sXs´¶v Adnbm¯hcà \½Ä. ]nXmhv ]dbp¶ Imcy§Ä C{]ImcamWv.

1. t\À¨ hcpam\¯nsâ hÀ[\hmWp Xncp\mÄ hnPb¯nsâ am\ZÞw F¶p sXän²mcW ]SÀ¶ncn¡p¶p.

2. _m³Uv tafw, shSns¡«v, D¨`mjnWnIfpsS AeÀ¨ Chbv¡p ]pdtabmWp ]ÅnIÄ tXmdpw \S¯p¶ t\À¨hkvXp¡fpsS hnev]\bpw Du«pXncp\mfpw. \mSpapgph³ ^vfIvkv t_mÀUpIÄ Øm]n¨v e£§Ä¡pthWvSn Xbmdm¡p¶ Du«pkZybpsS thÌv F{Xsb¶v C\nbpw IW¡m¡nbn«nÃ. Fsâ Iuamc þ buÆ\ Ime¯pt]mepw Fsâ cq]Xbmb Xriqcn BsI cWvSp ]ÅnIfnte Du«v DWvSmbncp¶pÅq.

3. hnip²cpsS AZv`pXiàn {]NmcW¯nsâ AXnitbmàn AwKoIcn¡mhp¶XÃ. ssZhIr]bpsS {]hÀ¯\amWp hnip²cpsS am[yØy¯neqsS hnizmknIÄ¡p e`n¡p¶Xv. AXp ]cky§fneqsS {]Ncn¸nt¡WvS H¶Ã. ]pXnb BNmc§Ä sa\sªSp¯p P\§Ä XSn¨pIqSm\pÅ Ahkc§fmbn Xncp\mfpIÄ amäcpXv.

4. t\À¨hchv IqSnbmte Xncp\mÄ tIaam¡m\mIq F¶ A_²[mcW kwLmSIÀ¡pWvSv.

5. Xncp\mfpIÄ ]ebnS¯pw `ànbpsS hntcm[m`mkambn amdnbncn¡p¶p.

6. shSns¡«nepw iÐtImemle§fnepw\n¶p \ap¡p \½psS Xncp\mfpIsf tamNn¸n¡mw.

7. emfnXy¯nsâ amXrIIfmbncp¶ hnip²cpsS HmÀaZn\§Ä BUw_c¯nsâ A\hkc§fm¡n amäp¶Xnse A\uNnXyw \mw a\knem¡Ww.

Bet©cn ]nXmhv C{]Imcw k`bn \ne\n¡p¶ \ÃXÃm¯ {]hWXIsf F®nsb®n ]dbp¶pWvSv. Hcp s]cp¶mÄ BtLmjt¯mSp tNÀ¶pam{Xw C{Xbpw [qÀ¯pw Al¦mchpw \½Ä \S¯p¶psWvS¦n C¶p k` CSs]Sp¶ cwK§fnse A\mimkyIcamb {]hr¯nIÄ F{Xsb¶v F®n¸dbpI {]bmkambncn¡pw.

Nne CShIIfpsS \à amXrIIÄ ]nXmhv NqWvSn¡mWn¡p¶pWvSv. shSns¡«n\p \o¡nhbv¡p¶ ]WwsImWvSv Hcp CShI cWvSp hoSpIÄ \nÀan¨p \ÂIn. asäm¶v shSns¡«nsâ ]WwsImWvSp hr£ss¯IÄ hnXcWw sNbvXp. C\nbpw \½Ä thWsa¦n shSns¡«nsâ ]Ww hr¡ amänhbv¡mt\m, lrZbtam Ictfm amänhbv¡mt\m Hs¡ \ÂIntb¡pw. henb ImcpWy {]hÀ¯\w sNbvXp F¶p kzbw A`nam\n¡pIbpw sN¿pw. XoÀ¨bmbpw ]nXmhv kz]v\w ImWp¶ Xncp\mfpIsf¦nepw kw`hns¨¦n F¶min¡p¶p.

a\pjyÀ¡v BtLmj§Ä thWw. \ntXy\bpÅ PohnXssienbnÂ\n¶pÅ Hcp amäw PohnXs¯ IqSpX DÕml`cnXam¡p¶Xmbncn¡Ww. ]WwsImWvSp am{Xaà AXv. Hmtcmcp¯À¡pw hyàn]cambn Hcp kaql¯n A´kmbn CSs]Sm\pÅ AhkcamWv DWvSmt¡WvSXv.

Hcp \mev]Xv hÀjw ap¼phsc \½psS ]ÅnXncp\mfpIÄ A§s\bmbncp¶p. ]e Xncp\mfpIfpw ]Ånbn hnfn¨p]dbpw. thZ]mTw Ignªp hcpt¼mÄ AXp tI«v A\nb³ A¸t\mSp tNmZn¡mdpWvSv “A¸m ]o¸n Xncp\mfmtWm’ F¶v. F¶ph¨m R§Ä Ip«nIÄ¡p XmXv]cyw B Xncp\mfmWv. ImcWw ho«n _Ôp¡Ä hcpw, ]elmcapWvSm¡pw, kZybpWvSmIpw, ]Ånapä¯p\n¶p Ifnt¡m¸pIÄ hm§mw. F\n¡p ssI\ndsb Ip¸nhf, IÃpame, apSnbn NqSm³ ]q¡Ä, ]e \nd¯nepÅ anTmbnIÄ, Hcp I¼nbn Xmtgm«pw tatem«pw HmSn \S¡p¶ Ipc§³... C§s\ ]eXpw In«pw. AXpsImWvSp Xncp\mÄ R§Ä¡p tIaambncp¶p.

_m³Uv hmZyt¯msSm¸w A¼v hoSpIfnte¡p hcpw. Nne hoSpIfn At¸mÄ ]S¡w s]m«n¡pw. BI¸msS Hcp DÕhm´co£w. {InkvXy³ hoSpIfn am{XaÃ, AbÂhoSpIfnte¡pw B BtLmj¯nsâ Hcp ]¦v F¯n¡pw. \½psS hoSpIfn DWvSm¡p¶ A¨¸w, Ipge¸w Ch Xncp\mfnÃm¯ hoSpIfn sImWvSpsImSp¡pw. sXm«bÂ]¡¯pÅhsc D®m³ £Wn¡pw. Xncn¨v AhcpsS DÕh§Ä hcpt¼mgpw A§s\ Xs¶. aXkulmÀZsams¡ A§s\bpWvSmbXmWv Cu \m«nÂ.

efnXamb PohnXssienbmWp ss{IkvXhcpsS ASbmfamtIWvSXv. FÃm¡me¯pw AsXmcp _Z PohnXamWv. Xncp\mfpIsf ]p\À\nÀWbn¡Wsa¦n \½psS ss{IkvXh PohnXw Xs¶ ]p\À\nÀWbnt¡WvSXpWvSv. PohnXcoXnsb ]p\ÀIev]\ sNt¿WvSXpWvSv. ]cnØnXn¡p tNcpwhn[w PohnXs¯ Nn«s¸Spt¯WvSXpWvSv. Npcp¡¯n F\n¡n{XaXn F¶p ]dbm³ Hmtcmcp¯cpw ss[cyw ImWnt¡WvSnhcpw. At¸mÄ Xncp\mÄ \S¯m³ ]ncn¡p¶ ]WwsImWvSp ]mhs¸« HcphÄ¡v/ Hcph\p hoSph¨p sImSp¡p¶XpsImWvSp Xocp¶Xà ss{IkvXhcpsS ISa F¶p a\knemIpw.

[\hmsâbpw emkdnsâbpw IY tbip{InkvXp injysc ]Tn¸n¨Xp \ap¡pw _m[IamWv F¶dnbpw. AXnse [\hm³ Hcp sXäpw AbmfpsS \oXnt_m[a\pkcn¨p sNbvXn«nÃ. am{XaÃ, AbmÄ ]pWyw {]hÀ¯n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. Zcn{Zs\ Xsâ hmXn¡ \n¶v HmSn¨nÃ. `£W¯n _m¡nh¶Xp sImSp¡pIbpw sNbvXp. F¶n«pw AbmÄ \cI¯n t]mbn. AXpsImWvSv C¯cw ImcpWy{]hr¯nIsfbpw tbip{InkvXp A§s\tb ImWm³ hgnbpÅq.

C¶v GXv CShIbnsebpw IpSpw_§Ä {ian¨m B CShIbnse hoSnÃm¯hÀ¡p hoSpsI«ns¡mSp¡m³ Hcp Xncp\mÄ ]ncnhphsc Im¯ncnt¡WvSXnÃ. Hmtcm CShIbpw `£yImcy¯n kzbw]cym]vXX ssIhcn¡pwhn[w Hcp CShI sshZnI\p {i²mephmIm³ Ignªm AXp at\mlcamb `àn{]NmcWamWv. Hcpan¨p {]mÀYn¡p¶Xpt]mse Xs¶ {][m\amWv Hcpan¨p ]Wn sN¿p¶Xpw.

AevambÀ Bhiys¸Sp¶p, AXpsImWvSv R§Ä CsXms¡ sN¿p¶psh¶p ]dªv k`mt\XrXz¯n\v CXnÂ\n¶v Hgnªpamdm\mInÃ. "a¡Ä A¸w tNmZn¨m \n§Ä IsÃSp¯p sImSp¡ptam, a¡Ä ao³ tNmZn¨m \n§Ä ]m¼ns\ ]nSn¨psImSp¡ptam'’ F¶ {InkvXphN\w k`mt\XrXz¯nepÅ ]nXm¡·mÀ¡pw _m[IamWv.

\½psS ]qÀhnIÀ DWvSm¡nsbSp¯ al¯mb Hcp ss{IkvXh ]mc¼cyw \½fmbn«p XIÀ¯pIfbpIbmWv Fs¶¦nepw \½Ä Xncn¨dnbWw. F{X [ym\tI{µ§fpw henb Øm]\§fpw henb ]ÅnIfpw DWvSm¡nbmepw Cu XIÀ¨ kw`hn¡mw. \½Ä sXän²cn¡pIbmWv, Cu ]pdwtamSnIÄ Bsf Iq«psa¶v. ]t£ {InkvXphnsâ k` AXÃ, AXpsImWvSv BÀ`mS§fn AXn\p \ne\n¡m\mhnÃ.

ssZh¯nsâ asämcp t]cmWp IcpW F¶p ]dbm³ ssØcyapÅ Hcp amÀ]m¸bpsS Imes¯¦nepw tIcfk` A§s\ Nn´n¡p¶nsæn lm Iãw F¶ÃmsX F´p ]dbm³! XoÀ¨bmbpw IÀZn\mfnsâ teJ\w Fs¶t¸mse k`bpsS hnizmknIfmbn Pohn¡p¶hÀ¡p {]Xymibpw ss[cyhpw \ÂIp¶pWvSv. ]nXmhnsâ Cu kZpZyas¯ k` tXmev]n¨pIfbnà F¶p {]Xo£n¡p¶p.

(Nme¡pSn tk{IUv lmÀ«v tImfPv Atkmkntbäv {]^kdpw tIcf kmlnXy A¡mZanbnepw efnXIem A¡mZanbnepw AwKhpamWp teJnI)

ആദായകരമല്ലാത്ത വിദ്യാലയങ്ങളും ഗുണനിലവാരമുള്ള വിദ്യാഭ്യാസവും

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tUm. Ipcy³ sNdpticn

kwØm\¯p ss{]adn, sk¡³Udn hnZym`ymkXe§fn Ct¸mgpÅXpw A\Xn hnZqc `mhnbn lbÀ sk¡³Udn Xe ¯nte¡pw hym]n¡m³ km[yXbpÅXpamb Hcp KpcpXc {]iv\amWv A\mZmbIcamb hnZymeb §Ä. Hcp kvIqfnse Ip«nIfpsS F®w \nivNnX kwJybn XmsgbmIpt¼mgmWv B hnZymebs¯ A\mZmbIcambn Ct¸mÄ IW¡m¡p¶Xv.

hnZymeb§sf¡pdn¨p ]dbpt¼mÄ A\mZmbIcw F¶ I¨hS]Zw D]tbmKn¡p¶Xp icnbà Fs¶mc`n{]mbw ]eÀ¡papWvSv. tIhew I¨hS¡t®mSpIqSn hnZymeb§Ä Øm]n¨p \S¯p¶ amt\PvsaâpIÄ¡p am{Xw D]tbmKn¡m³ sImÅmhp¶ Hcp ]ZamWnsX¶pw NneÀ ]dbmdpWvSv. kw Øm\ hnZym`ymka{´nXs¶ Cu {]tbmKt¯mSp hntbmPn¸p {]ISn¸n¨p IWvSp. hnZym`ymk hIp¸nse GtXm Kpaس Nne ^bepIfn FgpXnbn« Ipdn¸pIfnÂ\n¶mbncn¡mw C§s\ Hcp]Zw D WvSmbsX¶v At±lw kqNn¸n¨p IWvSp.

A\mZmbIcamb hnZymeb§Ä Ct¸mÄ hen sbmcp {]iv\ambn XoÀ¶n«psWvS¦nepw A¯cw hnZymeb§fnse A[ym]IÀ¡pw c£nXm¡Ä¡pw AhnSs¯ \m«pImÀ¡pw XmXv]cyapsWvS¦n A hcpsS Iq«mb {ia¯neqsS Ahsb hoWvSpw BZmbIcam¡n amänsbSp¡m³ Ignbpsa¶p `cWm[nImcnIÄ DÄs¸sS ]ecpw ]dbmdpWvSv. A§s\ amänsbSp¯n«pÅ ]e kvIqfpIfpsSbpw DZmlcW§Ä NqWvSn¡mWn¡m\pWvSv.

A\mZmbIc¯nÂ\n¶v BZmbIc¯nte¡v amänsbSp¯n«pÅ hnZymeb§fpsS Ct¸mgs¯ {]hÀ¯\coXn ]cntim[n¨m AhsbÃmw hnZym ÀYnIsfbpw AXnep]cn c£nXm¡sfbpw BIÀjn¡m\pw CXp aäp hnZymeb§sf¡mÄ \à hn ZymebamWv F¶ Nn´ Ahcn DWvSm¡nsbSp¡m \pw ]änb \nch[n {]hÀ¯\§Ä BhnjvIcn¨p \S¸nem¡p¶Xmbn ImWm³ Ignbpw. DÅ Ip«n IÄ aäp kvIqfpIfnte¡p t]mImXncn¡m\pw aäp kvIqfpIfnÂ\n¶p Ip«nIÄ AhntS¡p t]mcm\pw c£nXm¡fpsSbpw \m«pImcpsSbpw CSbn krãn¡s¸Sp¶ Cu Nn´ Gsd klmbn¡pw.

A§s\ \S¯p¶ {]hÀ¯\§fpsS Iq«¯n A[nI kab ¢mkpIÄ, IqSpX {i²tbmsSbpÅ A[ym]\w, Nn«bmbn \S¯p¶ ¢mkv sSÌpIÄ, Iw]yq«Àþkvt]m¡¬ Cw¥ojv XpS§nb hnjb§Ä ]Tn¸n¡p¶Xn\p {]tXyI {IaoIcW§Ä, \nch[nbmb ]T\m\p_Ô {]hÀ¯\§Ä, kPo hamb kvIqÄ ]nSnFIÄ XpS§nbh DWvSmbncn¡pw. IqSmsX Ip«nIÄ¡p bm{XmkuIcyw, ]mT]pkv XI§Ä, t\m«p_p¡pIÄ, CXc ]T\ kma{KnIÄ XpS§nbh ]e kvIqfpIfpw kuP\yambn \ÂIp¶pWvSv. c£nXm¡Ä¡p t]m¡äv aWnbpw aäp ]m cntXmjnI§fpw \ÂIp¶ hnZymeb§fpapWvSv. kvIqfnsâ sNdpXpw hepXpamb t\«§Ä¡v ^vfIvkv t_mÀUpIfpsSbpw aäpw klmbt¯msS hen b {]NmcWw \ÂIp¶Xnepw ]e hnZymeb§fpw Gsd {i²]peÀ¯p¶p. A[ym]IÀ ASp¯ hnZym eb§fn sN¶v AhnSs¯ hnZymÀYnIfn Nne sc Im³hmkv sNbvXv kz´w kvIqfnte¡v AhcpsS Snkn hm§ns¨Sp¡p¶ coXnbpw A]qÀhaÃ.

Ip«nIfpsS am\knI, imcocnI hnImk§Ä¡pw ]T\t\«§Ä¡pw D]Icn¡p¶hbmWp ap¼p kqNn¸n¨ {]hÀ¯\§fn ]eXpw. F¶mÂ, aäp Nnehv BIs« A{X D]Imc{]ZaÃm¯ shdpw PmUhnZyIfmWv. ]e A[ym]Icpw C¯cw {]hÀ¯\§Ä sN¿p¶Xp a\knÃma\tkmsSbmWpXm\pw. kz´w \ne\n¸n\pthWvSn sN¿m³ \nÀ_Ôn XcmIp¶XpsImWvSpam{Xw sN¿p¶p F¶pam{Xw.

bYmÀY¯nÂ, C§s\bpÅ ]e amÀK§fneqsS Hcp kvIqfnse Ip«nIfpsS F®w hÀ[n¸ns¨Sp¡pt¼mÄ F´mWp kw`hn¡p¶Xv? DuÀPX{´¯n ]dbp¶ Xm]em`wþXm]\ãw F¶ kq{XhmIy¯n \v kam\amb Hcp `uXnIamäw AhnsS DWvSmIp¶p, A{Xam{Xw. AXmbXv, A\mZmbIcamb Hcp hnZymebw ]e amÀK§fneqsS hnZymÀYnIfpsS F®w hÀ[n¸ns¨Sp¯v AXns\ BZmbIcam¡n amänsbSp¡pt¼mÄ AhnsSbpWvSmb hÀ[\hn\p Xpeyamb Ipdhv AXnsâ kao]¯pÅ Hcp hnZymeb¯ntem ]e hnZymeb§fntem DWvSmIp¶p. AXnsâ ^eambn Ahbn Ht¶m ctWvSm AXn IqSpXtem hnZymeb§Ä A\mZmbIcambn amdpIbpw sNbvtX¡mw. AXmbXv, A\mZbIcw F¶ AhØsb adnIS¡m³ thWvSn ]e hnZymeb§fpw Ct¸mÄ \S¸nem¡ns¡mWvSncn¡p¶ {]hÀ¯\§fneqsS {]iv\¯n\p imizX]cnlmcw DWvSmInà F¶p Npcp¡w.

F´psImWvSmWv A\mZmbIcamb hnZymeb§Ä C{Xtb sd DWvSmIm\nSbmbXv? AXn\p ]e ImcW§fpWvSv. Gähpw {] [m\s¸« ImcWw ]pXpXmbn Xp S§nb kvIqfpIfpsS _mlp eyw Xs¶. tI{µkÀ¡mÀ hn`mh\w sNbvXn«pÅ \nivNnX Zqc ]cn[n¡pÅn FÃm Ip«nIÄ ¡pw hnZym`ymk kuIcyw e`yam¡pI F¶ e£yt¯msS XpS§nb ]pXnb kvIqfpIsfbà ChnsS kqNn¸n¨Xv. BhiyhpanÃmXncp¶ Øe§fnÂt¸mepw Bcw`n¨ ]pXnb kvIqfpIsf¡pdn¨mWp ]dbp¶Xv.

]pXnb Hcp hnZymebw XpS§p¶Xn\v ]men¨ncnt¡WvS am\ZÞ§Ä tI{µkÀ¡mÀ hÀj§Ä¡p apt¼ \nÝbn¨n«pÅXmWv. ]pXpXmbn kvIqÄ XpS§m\pt±in¡p¶ Øe¯p\n¶v ASp¯ kvIqfnte¡pÅ Zqcw, ]pXnb kvIqfnsâ {]hÀ¯\]cn[nbnepÅ {]tZi¯p hcp¶ IpSpw_§fpsS F ®w, AhnSs¯ BsI P\kwJy, \nÝnX {]mb¯nepÅ Ip«nIfpsS F®w, Ip«nIfpsS F®¯n  DWvSmbns¡mWvSncn¡p¶ hÀ[\hnsâ (AYhm Ipdhnsâ) \nc¡v, Fkvkn, FkvSn IpSpw_§fpsS F®w XpS§nb kqNI§Ä AXn ]dbp¶pWvSv.

F¶mÂ, kwØm\¯p ]pXnb kvIqfpIÄ Xp S§p¶Xn\v CXpt]mepÅ kqNI§fpsS ASnØm\¯n ]T\w \S¯n AÀlXbpÅ Øe§fpsS ap³KW\m ]«nI Xbmdm¡p¶Xn thWvS{X ]cnKW\ \ÂInbnÃ. ]Icw aäp ]e k½ÀZ§Ä¡pw ]cnKW\ \ÂIn XpS§nb kvIqfpIfpsS Iq«¯n A¬ FbvUUv, FbvUUv, kÀ¡mÀ hnZymeb§Ä DÄs¸Sp¶pWvSv. A¬FbvUUv hn`mK¯nemIs« kÀ¡mÀ AwKoImcw DÅhbpw bmsXmcphn[ AwKoImchpw BhiyanÃm¯Xpamb \nch[n hn Zymeb§Ä DWvSmbncp¶p. Ah FÃmw Xs¶ Cw ¥ojv aoUnbw kvIqfpIfmbncp¶p.

Cw¥ojv aoUnbw hnZymeb§tfmSp hensbcp hn`mKw c£nXm¡Ä¡pÅ Gdnb XmXv]cyw, Ip«nIfpsS hnZym`ymk¯n\pthWvSn apXÂapS¡m³ c£nXm¡fn Hcp hn`mK¯n\v DWvSmb sa¨s¸« km¼¯nItijn, t]cpÅ Cw¥ojv aoUnbw kvIqfn Ip«nIÄ ]Tn¡p¶Xv kaql¯n A´kv Iq«p¶ ImcyamWv F¶pÅ Ne c£nXm¡fpsS hnNmcw, Kh¬saâv, FbvUUv kvIqfpIfnse ]m Ty]²Xnþ A[ym]\coXnþ]co£m k{¼Zmbw C htbmSpÅ hntbmPn¸v XpS§nb ImcW§fm \nch[n c£nXm¡Ä sXm«Sp¯pÅ hnZymeb§Ä Dt]£n¨pt]mepw Ip«nIsf ]pXnb Cw¥ojv aoUn bw hnZymeb§fn tNÀ¡m³ XpS§n. kvIqfpIfnse hnZymÀYnIfpsS F®w Ipdªpt]mIm\pWvSm b Gähpw {][m\s¸« ImcWw CXmbncp¶p.

FbvUUv hnZymeb§sf Kh¬saâv sa¨s¸Sp¯Ww, Ahsb anIhnsâ tI{µ§fm¡n amäWw, s]mXphnZym`ymks¯ XIcm\\phZn¡msX kwc £n¡Ww Fs¶ms¡ ]ecpw ]dbpIbpw {]kwKn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶psWvS¦nepw Ahsb IqSpX XIÀ¨bnte¡v \bn¡p¶ \ne]mSpIfmWv hnhn[ `mK§fnÂ\n¶v, {]tXyIn¨v A[nImcnIfnÂ\n¶v, DWvSmbns¡mWvSncn¡p¶Xv. FbvUUv kvIqfpIfn ]Tn¸n¨psImWvSncn¡p¶ \nch[n A [ym]IÀ¡v hÀj§fmbn Nne kmt¦XnI ImcW§Ä ]dªv i¼fw \ÂImXncn¡p¶ {Iqcamb `cWcoXn CXn\pÅ Gähpw henb DZmlcWamWv. A\mZmbIcw F¶ hn`mK¯nÂs¸« hnZymeb§fnte¡p Øewamäw e`n¨m Ccp]tXm Ccp]¯ t©m hÀjw kÀhokpÅ A[ym]IcpsS t]mepw i¼fw \ntj[n¡s¸SpIbmWv.

A\mZmbIcamb hnZymeb§fn ]Tn¡p¶ hnZymÀYnIÄ¡p hnZym`ymk\oXn \ntj[n¡s¸Sp¶ aäp ]e \nba§fpw Ct¸mÄ \ne\n¡p¶pWvSt{X. DZmlcWambn sslkvIqÄ ¢mkpIfnse Cw¥ojv A[ym]\¯nsâ ImcysaSp¡mw. sslkvIqfpIfn ]sWvSms¡ Cw¥ojv ]Tn¸n¡p¶Xn\p {]tXyI A[ym]Isc \nban¨ncp¶nÃ. tkmjy kb³kv, amXvkv, kb³kv F¶o tImÀ hnjb§ Ä ]Tn¸n¨ncp¶ A[ym]IÀ¡pXs¶ Cw¥ojv A[ym]\hpw IqSn hoXn¨p\ÂIpIbmbncp¶p. F¶mÂ, B coXn Ip«nIfpsS Cw¥ojv ]T\\nehmcw Ipdbm³ ImcWamIp¶pWvSv F¶p IsWvS¯pIbpw AXnsâ ASnØm\¯n sslkvIqÄ ¢mkpI fn Cw¥ojv ]Tn¸n¡p¶Xn\v Cw¥ojv sFÑnI hnjbambn ]Tn¨ _ncpZ[mcnIsf Xs¶ \nban¡Wsa¶v kÀ¡mÀ D¯chpWvSmIpIbpw sNbvXp. F¦nepw Hcp sslkvIqfn BsIbpÅ Unhnj\pIfpsS F®w \nÝnX kwJybn Ipdªm AhnsS Cw¥ojv ]Tn¸n¡p¶Xn\v Cw¥ojv emwtKzPv _ncpZ[mcnIsf \nban¡m³ hyhØbnÃ.

BZmbIcaÃm¯ hnZymeb§sfÃmw Cu hn`mK¯n hcpw. Ip«nIÄ¡v sa¨s¸« Cw¥ojv \nehmcapWvSmIm³ A\nhmcyw F¶p IsWvS¯nb Hcp ]cnjvImcw C¯cw hnZymeb§fn ]Tn¡p¶ Ip«nIÄ¡p kÀ¡mÀ kuIcy]qÀhw \ntj[n¡pIbmWv. Cw¥ojnsâ Imcy¯n am{XaÃ, kb³kv hnjb§fpsS Imcy¯nepw A[ym]I \nba\¯n  CtXt]mepÅ {]iv\§Ä \ne\n¡p¶pWvSv. Hcp]t£, C§s\bpÅ kvIqfpIfnse A[ym]I cpsS BßmÀYXbpw BßmÀ¸Whpw sImWvSv Cu {]iv\w ]cnlcn¡s¸Sp¶pWvSmImw. F¦nepw AXp ]qÀWamInÃ. AhnsS ]Tn¡p¶ Ip«nIÄ¡p KpWta·bpÅ hnZym`ymkw e`n¡m\pÅ AhkckaXzw \ãamIpIbmWp sN¿p¶Xv.

A[ym]IcpsS XkvXnIIÄ krãn¡pI, tbmPyamb A[ym]IþhnZymÀYn A\p]mXw \S¸nem¡pI, HgnhpÅ XkvXnIIfn A[ym]Isc \nban¡pI, AhÀ¡p kab¯n\p i¼fw \ÂIpI XpS§nb \nch[n AXymhiy Imcy§Ä km¼¯nIem`w t\m¡n bYmkabw thWvSXpt]mse sN¿mXncp¶tijw Ip«nIfpsS ]T\\nehmcw sa¨s¸Sp¯p¶Xn\p thWvSn ]pXnb hnZym`ymk t{]mPÎpIfneqsS tImSnIÄ sNehn«psImWvSncp¶m henb sa¨apWvSmIpsa¶p tXm¶p¶nÃ.

(ssaes¡m¼v skâv tXmakv tImfPv Hm^v So¨À FUypt¡j\nse Atkmkntbäv {]^kdmWp teJI³).

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