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IpXnc, tXcv, t{]m{Kkv ImÀUv: _nlmdn AShpIÄ ]Xns\«v

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kwØm\ ]cyS\w /kn.sI. Ipcym¨³

IpXnc¸Sbpambn emep. ImemĸSbpambn tamZn. tXcp sXfn¨v AanXv jm. t{]m{Kkv ImÀUpambn \nXojv. Ipehpw PmXnbpw UnF³Fbpw ]cntim[n¨pÅ hmIvt]mcv. A¦¯s«mcp§nb _nlmdn AShpIÄ ]Xns\«pw ]bäpIbmWp t]mcmfnIÄ. hoWpIn«p¶ I¨n¯pcp¼p t]mepw sN¯nan\p¡n Bh\mgnbn \ndbv¡m\pÅ aÕcamWp \S¡p¶Xv. AXn\nsS ]mfb¯n¸SbpsS XethZ\ FÃmhÀ¡papWvSv.

cmPy¯v Gähpw ASp¯p \S¡m\ncn¡p¶ sXcsªSp¸p t]mcm«thZnbmWp _nlmÀ. Ignª temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸nse tamZn XcwKw Ct¸mgpw AeXÃp¶psWvS¶ `mh¯nemWp _nsP]n _nlmÀ ]nSn¡ms\mcp§p¶Xv. F¶mÂ, \tc{µ tamZnsbbpw _nsP]nsbbpw ]nSn¨psI«m³ In«p¶ kp{][m\ Ahkcw apXseSp¡m³ emephpw \nXojpw cmlpepw tNÀ¶p almkJyapWvSm¡nbmWp t]mÀapJw Xpd¶ncn¡p¶Xv.

apJy sXcsªSp¸v I½ojWÀ \kow sskZnbpsS t\XrXz¯nepÅ D¶XXe kwLw CubmgvN Xs¶ kwØm\w kµÀin¨p sXcsªSp¸p {]Jym]\¯n\pÅ Hcp¡§Ä hnebncp¯psa¶mWp IcpXp¶Xv. AXn\nsS IgnªZnhkw `cWXe¯n hym]Iamb Agn¨p]Wn \S¯n apJya{´n \nXojv IpamÀ sXcsªSp¸pcwKw A\pIqeam¡m³ Ahkm\{iahpw \S¯n. 36 sFFFkvImcpw 41 sF]nFkpImcpaS¡apÅ D¶X DtZymKØscbmWp ØewamänbXv.

bp²w {]Jym]n¨p tamZn

]SpIqä³ dmenIfpambmWp {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZn _nlmdn ]Stbm«¯n\p XpS¡w Ipdn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. BZy dmen Ignªamkw 25\v apkm^À]pcnse N¡À ssaXm\¯p \S¯n. ]Xn\mbnc§sf AWn\nc¯nbmWp kwØm\ _nsP]n LSIw tamZnbpsS {]NmcW¯n\p hcthev]v \ÂInbXv. ASp¯ dmen ASp¯ RmbdmgvN Kbbn \S¡pw. 19\v klmd taJebnepw 30\v `KÂ]qcnepamWv aäp dmenIÄ. kwØm\¯nsâ \mep`mK¯pw dmen \S¯n ImSnf¡nbpÅ {]NmcWamWp _nsP]n \S¯p¶sX¶p hyàambn¡gnªp.

emephnsâbpw \nXojnsâbpw thm«v _m¦pIsf e£ywh¨mWp tamZn {]NmcWw XpS§nbncn¡p¶Xv. {ioIrjvWsâ P·tZi¯p\n¶pÅ X\n¡p bmZhÀ ktlmZc§fmsW¶p tamZn apkm^À]qÀ dmenbn ]dªp. F¶mÂ, \tc{µ tamZn ImfnbkÀ¸amsW¶mbncp¶p emep{]kmZv bmZhnsâ Xncn¨Sn. IrjvW³ ImfnbkÀ¸s¯ sIm¶p. F¶mÂ, AXp \tc{µ tamZnbmbn ]p\ÀP\n¨p _nlmdns\ Zwin¡pIbmWv. bmZh IpePmXcmb \mw B kÀ¸s¯ ChnsS h¨v D·qe\w sN¿psa¶p emep ]dªp.

]n¶nÂ\n¶p Ip¯p¶ \nXojv Ipamdnsâ UnF³F Xs¶ h©\bpsSbpw NXnbpsSXpamsW¶mWp tamZn Bt£]n¨Xv. tPmÀPv s^ÀWmWvSkns\ NXn¨ \nXojv _nsP]nsb h©ns¨¶pw tamZn Ipäs¸Sp¯nbncp¶p. F¶mÂ, AUzm\nsbbpw apcfn at\mlÀ tPmjnsbbpw h©n¨ tamZn Pkz´v knwKnt\mSv F´mWv sNbvXsX¶p \nXojv adptNmZyw D¶bn¨p. ITn\m[zm\¯nsâ hne Hmtcm _nlmdn¡padnbmsa¶p ]dªmWp UnF³F ]cmaÀis¯ \nXojv t\cn«Xv. \nXojpw emephpw tNÀ¶p _nlmdn PwKnÄ cmPv \S¸m¡psa¶mWp tamZnbpsS `bw. _nlmdns\ tamNn¸n¨p kZv`cWw \ÂIpsa¶ hmKvZm\amWp tamZn \ÂIp¶Xv. _nlmdn {]Xo£bpsS A{KZqX\mWp \tc{µ tamZnsb¶p _nsP]n {]Ncn¸n¡p¶p.

sslsSIv cYbm{XbpambmWp _nsP]n kwØm\¯p ]cyS\w \S¯p¶Xv. ]cnhÀ¯³ cYw F¶pt]cn«ncn¡p¶ cYbm{X Ignª amkw tZiob A[y£³ AanXv jmbmWv DZvLmS\w sNbvXXv. Pn]nFkv kwhn[m\t¯mSpIqSnb 160 cY§fmWp ]cyS\w \S¯p¶Xv. emephnsâbpw dm{_nbpsSbpw 15 hÀjs¯ ZpÀ`cWw A\mhcWw sN¿p¶ hoUntbm ^nenw {]ZÀin¸n¨psImWvSmWp cY§Ä \o§p¶Xv.

t\«§fpsS ]«nIbpambn \nXojv

]¯phÀjs¯ `cWt\«§Ä F®n¸dªpw \tc{µ tamZnbpsS hmKvZm\ ewL\w Xpd¶pIm«nbpamWp \nXojv t]mcn\nd§nbncn¡p¶Xv. FÃmhÀ¡pw kmaqly\oXn Dd¸phcp¯ns¡mWvSpÅ hnIk\amWp Ignª ]¯phÀjambn kwØm\¯p \S¡p¶sX¶p \nXojv AhImis¸Sp¶p. {Iakam[m\w Gsd sa¨s¸«ncn¡p¶p. AXn\m _nlmdns\¡pdn¨v Ct¸mÄ \à A`n{]mbamWv s]mXphnepÅXv. DbÀ¶ hfÀ¨m\nc¡pw ASnØm\ kuIcy hnIk\hpw kwØm\¯ ]ptcmKXnbnte¡p \bn¡p¶p. Ignª ]¯phÀjw ]¯p iXam\amWp icmicn hmÀjnI hfÀ¨m\nc¡v. 2014þ15 17.99 iXam\ambn hfÀ¨m\nc¡v DbÀ¶p. 2004þ05 kwØm\s¯ sam¯ DXv]mZ\w 77,781.16 tImSn cq]bmbncp¶p. 2014þ15 CXv 4,02,282 tImSn cq]bmbn hÀ[n¨p. ]²Xns¨ehv 3124.32 tImSn cq]bn \n¶p 43931.61 tImSnbmbmWp IqSnbXv.

hnZym`ymk taJebnepw henb ]ptcmKXnbpWvSmsb¶p \nXojv AhImis¸Sp¶p. FÃmhn`mKw P\§fpsSbpw ]n´pW BÀPn¡m\pÅ ITn\]cn{ia¯nemWv Ct¸mÄ \nXojv. Gsd¡mew kacw sNbvX IcmÀ A[ym]IÀ¡v DbÀ¶ i¼fhpw B\pIqey§fpw \ÂInbncn¡p¶p. kÀ¡mÀ Poh\¡mscbpw tUmÎÀamscbpw {]oXns¸Sp¯nbn«papWvSv. F¶mÂ, IcmÀ A[ym]IÀ¡v \nXojv \ÂInbXns\¡mÄ i¼fhpw B\pIqey§fpw \ÂIpsa¶mWp _nsP]n t\Xmhv kpioÂIpamÀ tamZnbpsS {]Jym]\w.

hnIk\apcSn¸v \o¡m³ kwØm\¯n\p {]tXyI ]Zhnbpw tI{µklmbhpw thWsa¶ Bhiyw tamZn kÀ¡mÀ \ncmIcn¨Xp \nXojv henb {]NmcW Bbp[am¡pIbmWv. Ignª temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n C¯csamcp hmKvZm\w \ÂInbmWp _nsP]n h³hnPbw t\SnbsX¶p \nXojv NqWvSn¡m«p¶p. hnPbn¨tijw tamZn hmKvZm\w ad¶psh¶mWv \nXojv Ipäs¸Sp¯p¶Xv. _nlmdn\p {]tXyI ]Zhnbpw klmbhpw \ÂIm\mhnsöv Bkq{XW a{´n dmhp CµÀPnXv knwKv IgnªZnhkw ]mÀesaân {]Jym]n¨ncp¶p.

emephnsâ Sw Sw

Sw Sw F¶p _nlmdnIÄ hnfn¡p¶ Bbncw IpXnchWvSnIÄ AWn\nc¯n {]NmcWw sImgp¸n¡m\mWv emep ]²Xnbn«ncn¡p¶Xv. _nsP]nbpsS sslsSIv cY§sf t\cnSm³ emep IpXnchWvSnIfpambmWv Cd§p¶Xv. F¶mÂ, arKkvt\lnIÄ CXns\Xntc cwK¯ph¶pIgnªp. ]o¸nÄ t^mÀ F¯n¡Â {Soävsaâv Hm^v B\naÂkv F¶ kwLS\ IpXncIsf D]tbmKn¡p¶Xnt\Xntc sXcsªSp¸p I½oj³ CSs]SWsa¶v Bhiys¸«p cwKs¯¯nbn«pWvSv.

]mhs¸« {KmaoWcnte¡mWp Sw Sw IpXnchWvSnbpambn {]NmcW¯n\nd§p¶psh¶mWp emep hniZoIcn¡p¶Xv. kwØm\s¯ tdmUpIÄ¡v A\ptbmPyw IpXnchWvSnIfmsW¶pw AXphgn CÔ\w em`n¡msa¶pw emep NqWvSn¡m«p¶p. X§Ä¡p ]W¡mcn \n¶p ^WvSv In«p¶nÃ. _nsP]nbpsS CÔ\iànsb BÀsPUn IpXnc iànsImWvSp t\cnSpw. Hmtcm aÞe¯nepw Uk³ IW¡n\p Sw Sw D]tbmKn¡psa¶pw emep {]Jym]n¨n«pWvSv.

PmXn sk³kkv dnt¸mÀ«v DS³ {]kn²oIcn¡Wsa¶mhiys¸«p emep {]t£m`w XpS§n¡gnªp. hnIk\Imcy¯n tamZn¡p ]mfw sXänbncn¡pIbmsW¶pw emep Bt£]n¡p¶p.

\nXojns\ ]pIgv¯n i{XpLv\³

FÃm ]mÀ«nIfnepw ]mfb¯n¸SbpsWvS¦nepw Gähpw {]XnkÔnbnembncn¡p¶Xp _nsP]nbmWv. ]mÀ«nbpsS apXnÀ¶ t\Xmhpw ]mäv\ Fw]nbpw kn\namXmchpamb i{XpLv\³ kn³lbmWp _nsP]nsb kwØm\¯p shÃphnfn¡p¶Xv. hmPvt]bn a{´nk`bn AwKambncp¶ i{XpLv\³ kn³lsb tamZn HXp¡n aqebv¡ncp¯pIbmbncp¶p. a{´nØm\w {]Xo£n¨ncp¶ At±ls¯ tamZn XoÀ¯pw AhKWn¨p. AtXmsSbmWv i{XpLv\³ tamZn¡p i{XphmbXv.

tamZnbpsS apkm^À]qÀ dmenbntem AanXv jm \S¯nb cYbm{X DZvLmS\¯ntem ]s¦Sp¡msX i{XpLv\³ ]mÀ«n¡p I\¯ Xncn¨Sn \ÂIn. Xs¶ Cu ]cn]mSnIfnte¡p £Wn¨nsömWv At±lw ]ckyambn {]XnIcn¨Xv.

tamZn \nXojns\ hnaÀin¨v aWn¡qdpIÄ¡Iw \nXojns\ ho«nÂt]mbn kµÀin¨v i{XpLv\³ {]XnImcw sN¿pIbpw sNbvXp. _nlmdnsâ c£mIÀ¯mhmWp \nXojv Ipamsd¶p ]ckyambn ]dªmWp i{XpLv\³ tamZn¡p {]lcta¸n¨Xv. IqSmsX IgnªZnhkw bm¡q_v taas\ Xq¡nteänbXns\Xntcbpw i{XpLv\³ {]XnIcn¨ncp¶p. P\¡q«s¯ BIÀjn¡m³ IgnhpÅ XmcamWp i{XpLv\³ F¶XmWp _nsP]nbpsS ZpxJw. AXn\m At±ls¯ XÅm\pw sImÅm\pw h¿m¯ AhØbnemWp ]mÀ«n. At±lw i{Xp]£t¯¡p amdp¶Xv _nlmdn _nsP]nsb {]XnkÔnbnem¡pw. F¶mÂ, ]mäv\bnse¡mÄ apwss_bn kabw sNehgn¡p¶ i{XpLv\\p cmjv{Sob¯nepw P\tkh\¯nepw XmXv]cyansömWp _nsP]n t\Xm¡Ä Btcm]n¡p¶Xv.

emephnsâ hewssIbmbn Adnbs¸«ncp¶ cRvP³ bmZhv F¶ ]¸pbmZhv BÀsPUn hn«v ]pXnb ]mÀ«nbpWvSm¡n _nsP]ntbmSv ASp¯pIgnªp. ssh ImäKdn kpc£sbmcp¡nbmWv _nsP]n ]¸p bmZhns\ kzoIcn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. amt[]pc Fw]nbmb ]¸pbmZhv sIme]mXIaS¡w tIkpIfn DÄs¸«n«psWvS¦nepw P\kzm[o\apÅ t\XmhmWv. kzX{´\mbpw Fkv]n, FÂsP]n, BÀsPUn F¶o ]mÀ«nIfpsS t\Xmhmbpw ]e XhW Fw]nbmbn«pWvSv. ]¸p bmZhns\ IqSmsX cmw Ir]m bmZhv, \h IntjmÀ bmZhv, Ah[v _nlmdn Nu[cn XpS§nbhcpw BÀsPUn hn«pIgnªp.

emep bmZhsc h©n¨ncn¡pIbmsW¶mWp ]¸p bmZhnsâbpw aäpw {]NmcWw. a¡Ä¡v A[nImcw ssIamdm³ emep t\Xm¡sf _enbmSm¡p¶psh¶pw Bt£]apbcp¶pWvSv. emephnsâ aq¶p a¡sf¦nepw C¡pdn aÕccwK¯pWvSmIpsa¶mWv {]Ncn¸n¡s¸Sp¶Xv. ank, tXPzkn, tXPv {]Xm]v F¶nhcmWv aÕcn¡m³ XbmsdSp¡p¶Xv. ank Ignª temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n aÕcn¨p tXmäncp¶p. {In¡äv Xmcamb tXPkzn BÀsPUnbpsS bphP\ hn`mKw t\XmhmWv. tXPv {]Xm]v emephnsâ hÕe]p{X\mbmWv Adnbs¸Sp¶Xv. F¶mÂ, Bcmbncn¡pw Xsâ ]n³Kmansb¶p emep Hcp kqN\bpw \ÂInbn«nÃ.

sPUnbp hn«p ]pXnb ]mÀ«nbpWvSm¡nb PnX³ dmw am©n F¶ ap³ apJya{´n \nXojn\p ]cnt¡Â¸n¡m³ sI¸pÅ almZfnXv t\XmhmWv. am©nbpw _nsP]n ]£t¯¡p amdnbXv \nXojvþ emepþ tIm¬{Kkv kJy¯n\p Xncn¨SnbmWv.

FwFÂkn sXcsªSp¸n t\«w _nsP]n¡v

Ignªamkw _nlmÀ ePntÉäohv Iu¬knente¡p \S¶ sXcsªSp¸n sPUnbpþ BÀsPUnþ tIm¬{Kkv kJy¯n\v I\¯ Xncn¨SnbpWvSmbXv _nsP]nsb BËmZn¸n¨n«pWvSv. 24 koäpIfnte¡p \S¶ sXcsªSp¸n 14 F®w t\SnbmWv _nsP]nbpw kJyI£nIfpw taÂss¡ t\SnbXv. _nsP]n¡p 12 koäpw temIv P\iàn ]mÀ«n¡v Hcp koäpw e`n¨p. _nsP]n ]n´pWbpÅ Hcp kzX{´\pw hnPbn¨p.

]¯pt]sc \nÀ¯nb sPUnbphn\v A©p koäv am{Xta In«nbpÅq. BÀsPUn¡p \mept]sc hnPbn¸n¡m\mbn. Hcp koäv sImWvSv tIm¬{Kkn\p Xr]vXns¸tSWvSnh¶p.

Hgnhph¶ Øm\§fn 10 F®w sPUnbphnsâXmbncp¶p. sPUnbpþ BÀsPUnþ tIm¬{Kkv kJyw \nÀ¯nb apkvenw Øm\mÀYnIfS¡w tXmäXv kJy¯n\p I\¯ {]lcamWv G¸n¨Xv. F¶mÂ, FwFÂkn sXcsªSp¸v \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸ns\ Hcp Xc¯nepw _m[n¡nsömWv \nXojpw emephpw ]dbp¶Xv.

kÀth ^ew \nXojn\v A\pIqew

ASp¯nsS Fkn þ\oÂk¬ \S¯nb A`n{]mbkÀthbn BÀsPUnþ sPUnbpþ tIm¬{Kkv kJyw kwØm\¯v `qcn]£w t\Spsa¶p {]hNn¨n«pWvSv. 243 AwK \nbak`bn 129 koäpw 43 iXam\w thm«pw kJyw t\Spsa¶mWv {]hN\w. _nsP]n kJy¯n\v 112 koäpw 32 iXam\w thm«pamWv kÀth {]hNn¨ncn¡p¶Xv.

52 iXam\w t]À \nXojv IpamÀ apJya{´nbmIm³ km[yXbpsWvS¶p {]hNn¨p. PnX³ dmw am©n¡v 16 iXam\hpw kpio IpamÀ tamZn¡v 10 iXam\w t]cpamWv apJya{´n Øm\t¯¡p ]n´pW \ÂInbXv.

Ct¸mÄ \S¡p¶ ]mÀesaâv kt½f\w Ignbp¶tXmsS t\Xm¡sfÃmw _nlmdn tI{µoIcn¡m\mWp km[yX. AtXmsS {]NmcWw NqSp]nSn¨p XpS§pw. t\Xmhns\ {]Jym]n¡m³ Ignbm¯Xp _nsP]n kJy¯n\p t]mcmbvabmbn XpScpIbmWv. sPUnbpþ BÀsPUnþ tIm¬{Kkv kJy¯n\p koäv hn`P\amIpw Iodmap«n.


A^vKm\nØm³ ]pXnb ]co£W¯n\v

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F.hn. kp\nÂ

A^vKm\nØm\nse Xmen_m³ t\Xmhv apÃm DaÀ acn¨psh¶ dnt¸mÀ«pIÄ Gsd¡psd ØncoIcn¡s¸«ncn¡pIbmWv. apÃm Dadnsâ acWt¯msS Xmen_m³ Xo{hhmZ¯nsâ sISpXnIfn \n¶v A^vKm\nØm\p tamN\w t\Sm\mIptamsb¶ tNmZyhpw iàambn Dbcp¶pWvSv. A^vKm³ kÀ¡mcpw Xmen_m³ t\XrXzhpw X½nepÅ kam[m\NÀ¨ F¶ Bibw bmYmÀYy¯nte¡p \o§p¶Xn\nsSbmWp apÃm Dadnsâ acWhmÀ¯ ØncoIcn¡p¶Xv.

temIs¯ Dd¡wsISp¯nb \nch[n `oIcm{IaW§fpsS kq{X[mc\mb Cu Xo{hhmZn t\Xmhnsâ acWhmÀ¯ Ignª cWvSphÀj¯n\nsS ]eXhW temIw {ihn¨XmsW¦nepw HutZymKnI ØncoIcW§Ä H¶papWvSmbnÃ. BZyL«§fn apÃm DadntâsX¶ t]cn ktµi§Ä ]ckyam¡n {]Xntcm[n¡m\mWp Xmen_m³ t\XrXzw {ian¨ncp¶sX¦n Ahkm\L«sa¯nbt¸mÄ au\ambncp¶p AhcpsS Bbp[w. ]eXhWs¯ A`yql§Äs¡mSphn apÃm DaÀ acWaSªpsh¶p IgnªbmgvN Xmen_m\nse Hcp hn`mKw ]ckyam¡pIbmbncp¶p.

Cu shfns¸Sp¯Â A^vKm³ `cWIqShpw ØncoIcn¨p. CXpkw_Ôn¨ dnt¸mÀ«pIÄ {i²bnÂs¸«psh¶pw Ah ]cntim[n¨phcnIbmsW¶pw A^vKm\nØm³ {]knUâv Ajvd^v Km\nbpsS hàmhv k^À lmjvan Adnbn¨p. _p[\mgvN A^vKm³ clkymt\zjW hn`mKhpw apÃm Dadnsâ acWhmÀ¯ ØncoIcn¨ncp¶p. a{´nXe kanXnsb C¡mcyw Adnbn¨ncp¶Xmbpw hàmhv shfns¸Sp¯n. sXfnhpIÄ DÄs¸sS hniZmwi§Ä shfns¸Sp¯m³ XbmdmbnÃ. sl¸ssäänkv _n _m[n¨v cWvSphÀjw ap¼v apà HaÀ acn¨psh¶mWv Ct¸mgpÅ hnhcw.

CkvemanIv tÌänsâ BhnÀ`mht¯msS hmÀ¯Ifn ]n¶nemb Xmen_ms\ kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw apÃm Dadnsâ acWw Bg¯nepÅ {]XnkÔnbmWp krãn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. amXrkwLS\bmb AÂIzbvZbvs¡m¸w tNÀ¶v C\nbpw Atacn¡tbmSp bp²w sN¿Wtam AtXm kÔnkw`mjW¯neqsS A^vKm\nØm\nse sNdnsbmcp {]hniybpsS `cWw kz´am¡Wtam? GXphgnbneqsS \o§Wsa¶ Imcy¯n Bib¡pg¸w \ne\n¡pt¼mÄ hgnIm«nbmIm³ BÚmiànbpsÅmcp t\Xmhv CÃm¯Xn\m AWnIÄ ]ehgnbneqsS \o§pIbmWv.

apÃm Dadnsâ acWhmÀ¯sb¡pdn¨p {]XnIcn¡m³ Xmen_m³ hàmhv Xbmdmbn«nÃ. F§s\bmWp apÃm DaÀ sImÃs¸«Xv, FhnsS h¨mbncp¶p acWw F¶n§s\ ]eXpw Ct¸mgpw Zpcqlw. apÃm DaÀ cWvSphÀjw ap¼v acn¨psh¶p ]m¡nØm³ kÀ¡mÀ Adnbns¨¶p am{XamWv A^vKm³ kÀ¡mÀ ]dbp¶Xv. 2001  bpFkv t\XrXz¯nepÅ kJytk\ A^vKm\nØm\nse¯nbtijw apÃm DaÀ s]mXpthZnIfnsem¶pw {]Xy£s¸«n«nÃ. CtXmsS `oIct\Xmhv sImÃs¸«psh¶ hmÀ¯Ifpw ]Xnhmbn.

apÃm Dadnsâ acWw F´mbmepw Xmen_m³þ A^vKm³ kam[m\NÀ¨sb {]XnIqeambn _m[n¡psa¶v Dd¸mWv. kw`mjW§fnte¡p Xmen_m³ F¯psa¶v GXmWvSv Dd¸n¨ L«¯nemWp Xo{hhmZnIfnse Hcp hn`mKw acWhmÀ¯ ]ckyam¡p¶Xv. kam[m\NÀ¨IÄ¡v FXncp\n¡p¶ \nch[n hn`mK§Ä Xmen_m\nepWvSv F¶Xp bmYmÀYyamWv. Xo{hhmZ¯nsâ sISpXnIfnÂ\n¶p tamN\w F¶ \nebn CuhÀjw BZyamWv NÀ¨bv¡v A^vKm³ kÀ¡mÀ k¶²X {]ISn¸n¡p¶Xv. ZiI§fmbn XpScp¶ kwLÀjw aqew temI¯nse Gähpw Zcn{ZcmPy§fnsem¶mbn amdnb A^vKmsâ ]p\x\nÀamWhpw e£yambncp¶p.

_p²ntI{µw Ajvd^v Km\n

A^vKm\nØm\p am{Xaà sXm«Sp¯pÅ ]m¡nØm\pw C´y¡pw ssN\bv¡pw temIiànbmb Atacn¡bv¡pw kam[m\w Imw£n¡p¶ temI¯n\p apgph\pw Gsd \nÀWmbIamWp Xmen_m³ Xo{hhmZw Dt]£n¡pIsb¶Xv. A^vKm\nØm³ {]knUâv Ajd^v Km\nbmWp kam[m\NÀ¨bpsS ]n¶nse _p²ntI{µw. temI_m¦v DtZymKØ\mbncp¶ Km\n {]knUâv laoZv IÀkmbn a{´nk`bnse [\a{´nbmbncp¶p.

Xmen_m\pambpÅ kÔnkw`mjW§sf ]ckyambn ]n´m§nb {]apJcnsemcmfmWv At±lw. Xmen_ms\ klmbn¡p¶hsc¶p IcpXp¶ ]m¡nØms\bpw kuZn Atd_ysbbpw C¡mcy¯n hnizmk¯nseSp¯ Km\n kuZnbn cWvSpXhW kµÀi\w \S¯pIbpw sNbvXp. NÀ¨bv¡p klmbIcamb \ne]mSn\p ssN\bpsS ]n´pWbpw kz´am¡n.

AÐpÅ AÐpÅ: cmPys¯ cWvSmas¯ {]_e t\XmhmWv AÐpÅ AÐpÅ. hS¡³ taJebnse Xmen_m³ hncp² kJy¯n ZoÀLImew {]hÀ¯n¨ ]cnNbw At±l¯n\pWvSv. kam[m\NÀ¨bn Atacn¡bpw \mtämbpw IqSpX kPohamIWsa¶ Bib¡mc³. A^vKm\nØmsâ `cWLS\sb AwKoIcn¡m³ Xmen_m³ XbmdmIWsa¶pw \ne]mSv.

AàÀ apl½Zv a³kqÀ: apÃm Dadnsâ ]gb kplr¯pw Xmen_m\nse cWvSmw Øm\¡mc\pamb AàÀ apl½Zv a³kqÀ C\n kwLS\bpsS t\XrXz¯nte¡v Ahtcm[nX\mIptamsb¶v Ghcpw BImw£tbmsS Däpt\m¡p¶p. KzWvS\mtam XShpImc\pw Xmen_m³ ssk\y¯nsâ ap³t\Xmhpamb AÐpÄ Jbpw k¡oÀ DÄs¸sS Xmen_m\nse aäp hn`mK§Ä¡p kam[m\NÀ¨tbmSv FXnÀ¸pWvSv. CXns\ t\cnSpI F¶Xp AàÀ apl½Znsâ henb shÃphnfnbmWv.

djo jco^v: A^vKm\nØm³Imscbpw Atacn¡¡mscbpw kz´w cmPys¯ ssk\ys¯bpw kam[m\NÀ¨bpsS {]m[m\yw a\knem¡n¡m³ {ian¡p¶bmfmWp ]m¡nØm³ ssk\nI Xeh³ djo jco^v. Xo{hhmZw XpS¨p\o¡p¶Xn\v Ct¸mÄ At±lw {ian¡p¶p. NÀ¨IÄ¡mbn A^vKm\nØms\ t{]cn¸n¨hcn {][m\nbpw Ct±lw Xs¶.

ssN\: A^vKm\nØm\n ssN\bv¡v Cc« e£yamWpÅXv. X§fpsS \nt£] XmXv]cy§Ä kwc£n¡s¸Sp¶Xns\m¸w ]Snªmd³ {]hniybmb kn³PnbmwKn CkvemanI Xo{hhmZw iàn {]m]n¡cpsX¶pw AhÀ B{Kln¡p¶p. ]mÝmXyiànIsf¡mÄ kam[m\NÀ¨bv¡p am[yØyw hln¡m³ A\ptbmPyÀ ssN\ BsW¶p ]e Xmen_m³ t\Xm¡fpw IcpXp¶p. NÀ¨IÄ¡mbn Xmen_m³ t\XrXzs¯ ssN\ t{]cn¸n¨pIgnªp.

Atacn¡: 2001 apX Xmen_ms\ B{Ian¡p¶ bpFkpw kJytk\bpw Ahtijn¡p¶ Xo{hhmZn t\Xm¡sfbpw ]n´pSÀ¶psImWvSmWncn¡p¶Xv. F¶mÂ, Xmen_ms\ kam[m\]mXbnse¯n¡p¶Xn\p bpFkn\pw k½XamWv. A^vKm\nØm\pw H¸w BWhmbp[tijnbpÅ ]m¡nØm\pw `oIccpsS ]nSnbn \n¶p tamNnXcmIWsa¶mWv AhcpsS B{Klw. Km\nbpsS ap³Kman IÀkmbnbpsS Imet¯¡mÄ hmjnwKvS¬þ Im_qÄ kJyw Ct¸mÄ IqSpX ZrVamWv. A^vKm\nØm\nse bpFkv ssk\nIcpsS F®w Ipdbv¡m\pÅ {ia§fpw Ct¸mÄ ]Sn]Snbmbn ]ptcmKan¡p¶p.

NÀ¨bnse AP³U

kÀ¡mcnsâ ]cmam[nImchpw cmPy¯nsâ `cWLS\bpw Xmen_m³ AwKoIcn¡Wsa¶mWv A^vKm³ `cWIqS¯nsâ {][m\ Bhiyw. CXn\ptijta GXp Xc¯nepÅ Icmdn\pw km[yXbpÅqsh¶mWv AhÀ ]dbp¶Xv. A^vKm³ sFIy{]{Inbbv¡p kÀh]n´pWbpapsWvS¶v Ignª amÀ¨v 24 \v Km\nbpsam¯pÅ hmÀ¯mkt½f\¯n bpFkv {]knUâv _dmIv H_ma ]dªXpw {it²bw.

aq¶p {]hniyIfpsS \nb{´WamWp Xmen_m³ Bhiys¸Sp¶Xv. CtXmsSm¸w aXw, {KmaoWhnIk\w F¶o a{´meb§fpsS NpaXebpw X§Ä¡p thWsa¶v AhÀ ]dbp¶p. J¯dn bpFkv A[nIrXcpambn ASp¯nsS \S¯nb clkyNÀ¨bn GXm\pw D¶X Xmen_m³ Xo{hhmZnIsf tamNn¸n¡msa¶v Atacn¡ Dd¸p\ÂInbXmbpw Xo{hhmZnIÄ clkyambn k½Xn¡p¶p.

shÃphnfnIÄ

A^vKm\nØm\n 1992þapX 96 hsc \oWvS hwiobbp²¯nsâ t]cn \S¶ A{Ia§fpsS HmÀaIÄ A{XthKw XpS¨p\o¡m³ hnhn[ hn`mK§fmbn XpScp¶ Xo{hhmZnIÄ¡p IgnbnÃ. hnhn[ hwi§fpsS Iq«mbvabmb ]jvXq¬ hn`mK¡mcmWp Xmen_m³ Xo{hhmZnIfn Gsdbpw. Ncn{XmXoXImew apX A^vKm\nØm³ `cn¨ncp¶Xp ]jvXq¬ImcmWv.

X§Ä¡p ta[mhnXzw DWvSmbncp¶ Ime¯p aäp hÀK§fnÂs¸«hscbpw aXhnizmknIsfbpw Xmen_m³ImÀ Iq«t¯msS sIms¶mSp¡n. A^vKm³ `cW¯nepw Xmen_m³ t\XrXz¯nepw ]m¡nØm³ ZoÀLImeambn XpScp¶ CSs]SemWp asämcp {]iv\w. C´ysb {]Xntcm[n¡pI F¶ e£yt¯msS kmlNcy¯n\\pkcn¨v ]m¡nØm³ X{´§Ä amäp¶p.

CtXmsSm¸w Im_qfnse ZpÀ_eamb `cWIqShpw shÃphnfnbmWv. `cWIqSs¯ Xo{hhmZnIÄ ]n´pWbv¡p¶nÃ. ASnØm\ kuIcy§Ä Hcp¡p¶Xn ]cmPbs¸« Hcp kÀ¡mcn\v F§s\ Xo{hhmZnIsf sacp¡m\mIpsa¶mWv AhcpsS tNmZyw.


AanXv jmbpsS tIcfX{´w XcwKapWvSm¡m\nSbnÃ

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DÅXp ]dªm / sI. tKm]meIrjvW³

tIcf¯n kplr¯p¡sf tXSpIbmWp`mcXob P\Xm]mÀ«n {]knUâv AanXv jm. F§s\ kplr¯p¡sf kz´am¡mw F¶Xn\pÅ kq{XhnZyIÄ A`ykn¨n«ptWvSm F¶v Dd¸nsænepw kwØm\¯p _nsP]n¡p cmjv{Sobamb HcnSw IsWvS¯p¶Xn Gsd DÕpI\mWt±lw. FÂUnF^nepw bpUnF^nepw ImepIp¯m³ CSwe`n¡msX cmjv{Sob h\hmk¯nemb ]n.kn. tXmakns\ CXn\Iw kz´am¡n¡gnªp. AwKkwJybpsS Imcy¯n tIcf¯nse Gähpw henb kapZmbamb CughcpsS t\Xmhpw kpkÖambn kwLSn¸n¡s¸« kmapZmbnI{]Øm\amb FkvF³Un]nbpsS ]cam[nImcnbpamb shÅm¸Ån \tSi\pambpÅ IqSn¡mgvNbpw At±lw \S¯n. hcp¶ ]©mb¯vþ \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸pIfn kzoIcnt¡WvS X{´§sf¡pdn¨p NÀ¨bpapWvSmbncp¶p.

cWvSmas¯ henb hn`mKamb \mbÀ kapZmb¯nsâbpw AXnsâ kwLS\bmb F³FkvFknsâbpw ià\mb t\Xmhv kpIpamc³ \mbcpsS ASpt¯¡p ZqXpambn jm Bscsb¦nepw ]dªb¨n«ptWvSmsb¶v Dd¸nÃ. F´mbmepw ASp¯ sXcsªSp¸pIfn tIcf¯n ]cnhmÀ kwLS\IfpsS km¶n[yapd¸m¡m³ lnµpthm«pIfpsS {[phoIcWsa¶ X{´amWp jm ]bäp¶sX¶p hyàw. hf¨psI«nÃmsX ]dªm `qcn]£ kapZmb kwLS\IfpsS sImSn¡qd D]tbmKn¨p thm«pIÄ kamlcn¡pIsb¶XmWp e£yw. AanXv jmbpambpÅ IqSn¡mgvNbv¡ptijw shÅm¸Ån A\pIqe ktµi§Ä \ÂIpIbpw sNbvXp. hnet]ien\pÅ Ignhv ap¼p ]eXhW sXfnbn¨n«pÅ, Iuie¡mc\mb shÅm¸Ånbpambn Hcp kJyapWvSm¡pI A{X Ffp¸asöXp asämcp Imcyw.

sslµh GIoIcWsa¶ Bibw shÅm¸Ån t\cs¯ apt¶m«phbv¡pIbpw kpIpamc³ \mbcpambn tNÀ¶p kwbpà IÀa]²Xn NÀ¨sNbvXXpamWv. F¶mÂ, B kulrZw A[nIImew \oWvSp\n¶nÃ. Ccphcpw X½nepÅ ]ckv]chnizmkanÃmbvabv¡pw Gsd ]g¡apWvSv. Cu _Ô¯nsâ Ncn{Xw t\m¡nbm ]ckv]chnizmkw hosWvSSp¡pI A{X Ffp¸hpaÃ.

shÅm¸Ånbpw AanXv jmbpw X½nepÅ IqSn¡mgvN \S¶v 24 aWn¡qdn\pÅn _nsP]nþ FkvF³Un]n sXcsªSp¸p kJy¯nsâ A\´c^e§sf¡pdn¨pÅ hnebncp¯epIfpw XpS§n. C¯csamcp cmjv{Sob ap¶Wn kn]nFw Øm\mÀYnIfpsS `mhnsb _m[n¡psa¶p Nne cmjv{SobhniIe\ hnZKv[À {]hNn¨p. XpS¡w apX Cugh kapZmb¯nsâ ]n´pW e`n¨n«pÅ ]mÀ«nbmWp kn]nFw. ASp¯nsS \S¶ D]sXcsªSp¸pIfn kn]nF½n \n¶p _nsP]nbnte¡p henb tXmXnepÅ Hgp¡pWvSmbn F¶mbncp¶p asämcp hnebncp¯Â. kJyw tIm¬{Kkns\bpw _m[n¡psa¶mWp thsdmcp hn`mKw IsWvS¯nbXv. tIm¬{Kkns\ ]n´pWbv¡p¶ Cughhn`mK¡mcpsS Iqdv amdpsa¶mbncp¶p CXn\p ImcWambn NqWvSn¡m«nbXv. F´mbmepw \mbÀ kapZmb¯nsâIqSn ]n´pW AanXv jm t\SpIbmsW¦n hcp¶ ]©mb¯vþ \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸pIfn _nsP]n¡p hensbmcp taÂss¡bmIpw AXv.

F¶mÂ, C¯csamcp \nKa\w hfsc Ffp¸¯n F¯nt¨À¶Xpw AanX {]Xo£tbmSp IqSnbXpamWv. Cughþ \mbÀ kapZmb§Ä cWvSpw hfscb[nIw cmjv{SobhXvIcn¡s¸«hbmWv. AXpsImWvSpXs¶, ASp¯ sXcsªSp¸n _nsP]n \bn¡p¶ ap¶Wnsb ]n´pWbv¡m³ AhbpsS apXnÀ¶ t\Xm¡Ä Xocpam\n¨mepw AWnIÄ _nsP]n Iym¼nte¡v HgpIn¯pS§pw F¶p hnizkn¡pI _p²nap«mWv. cWvSp kapZmb§fpw t\cs¯ cmjv{Sob]mÀ«nIÄ cq]oIcn¡pIbpw sXcsªSp¸n aÕcn¡pIbpw sNbvXXmWv. F¶mÂ, kapZmb¯nsâ ]n´pW Ahbv¡p kz´am¡m\mbnÃ. sXcsªSp¸pthZnbn kzbw \ne\n¡m³ tijnbnÃmsX GsX¦nepsamcp ap¶Wnbn tNcm³ \nÀ_ÔnXamhpIbmbncp¶p Ah.

hfsc iàamb cmjv{Sob\ne]mSpIfpÅ Cu kapZmb§fnse AwK§ÄGsX¦nepw PmXn Iq«mbvaIÄ¡pthWvSn AXp _enIgn¡psa¶p IcpXm\mhnÃ. am{Xhpaà Cu cWvSp {][m\ kapZmb t\Xm¡fpw AXXp kapZmb§fnse tNmZywsN¿s¸Sm¯ t\Xm¡fpaÃ. kapZmb¯nse sNdnb hn`mK§sf am{Xta ChÀ {]Xn\n[m\w sN¿p¶pÅq. am{Xhpaà GXm\pw {]tZi§fn am{Xta ChÀ¡p kapZmb¯nsâ ]n´pWbpÅp. Cu kapZmb§fn \n¶pÅ iàcmb cmjv{Sobt\Xm¡fpsS km¶n[yw aäp ]mÀ«pIfn DWvSpXm\pw.

F¶mÂ, C¯c¯nepÅ Iq«psI«v sNdnb tXmXn {]XymLmX§Ä krãn¡psa¶Xv BÀ¡pw \ntj[n¡m\mhnÃ. PmXnþ kmapZmbnIþ cmjv{Sob ]cnKW\IÄ¡XoXambn tIcf¯nse Hcp hn`mKw P\§Ä cWvSp ap¶WnIfpsSbpw {]hÀ¯\¯n AXr]vXcmbn XpScp¶pWvSv. GXm\pw \mfpIfmbn cWvSp ap¶WnIfpsSbpw cmjv{Sob [mÀanIX tNmÀ¶n«pWvSv. X½n henb hyXymkansöv Ch sXfnbn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. cWvSp ap¶WnIfnsebpw t\Xm¡Ä AgnaXnbmtcm]W§Ä t\cnSpIbpw AgnaXnIfn ]¦mfnIfmhpIbpw sNbvXp. kwØm\¯nsâ hnIk\¯n\pw s]mXpP\§fpsS {]iv\§Ä ]cnlcn¡p¶Xn\pw cWvSp ap¶WnIfpw Imcyamsbm¶pw sNbvXnÃ. ]pXnsbmcp ap¶Wn¡mbpÅ {ia¯n\p ]ecpw XbmdmWv. F¶mÂ, hÀKob]mÀ«nsb¶p ap{ZIp¯s¸«Xn\m _nsP]nbpsS t\XrXz¯nepÅ Hcp ap¶Wn¡v Gsd ]cnanXnIfpWvSv.

F¦nepw ]pXnb ap¶Wn ]co£W¯n\p ]ecpw Xbmdmtb¡pw. Ct¸mgs¯ kÀ¡mcnsâ hÀKobhpw ]£]mX]chpsa¶v Bt£]n¡s¸« Nne \b§fn bpUnF^nse Hcp hn`mKw AXr]vXcmWv. sslµh `qcn]£¯n\p ap³Xq¡apÅXmWv Cu hn`mKw. C¯cw Imcy§Ä a\knem¡p¶Xn bpUnF^v t\Xm¡Ä ]cmPbs¸«m AXp ap¶Wnsbbpw AXnsâ atXXc {]XnÑmbsbbpw ZpÀ_es¸Sp¯pw. sXcsªSp¸n CXnsâ {]Xn^e\w sNdpXmbncn¡mw. sam¯¯nepÅ sXcsªSp¸p^es¯ AXp henb tXmXn kzm[o\n¡pIbpw CÃmbncn¡mw. F¶mÂ, `mcXob P\Xm]mÀ«nsb \nbak`bv¡p ]pd¯p\nÀ¯pI C\n A{X Ffp¸amInÃ, thm«pIÄ adn¡m\mbn bpUnF^pw FÂUnF^pw Ahkm\\nanj§fn H¶n¨p {]hÀ¯n¨mÂt]mepw.

`cWhncp²hnImcw X§Ä¡v A\pIqeambn \ne\n¡p¶psWvS¦nepw kn]nF½ns\ kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw Gsd ]cnanXnIfpWvSv. hn`mKobX, apXnÀ¶ t\Xm¡Ä X½nepÅ A`n{]mb`n¶X XpS§nb {]iv\§fn \n¶v ]mÀ«n C\nbpw apàambn«nÃ. hnIk\w, sXmgnemfnbqWnb\pIfpsS ISpw]nSn¯w, \yq\]£ hÀKobX XpS§nb hnjb§fn {]Xybimkv{X]cambn iàamb \ne]mSv ]mÀ«n FSpt¡WvSnbncn¡p¶p. tIcf¯nse thm«ÀamcpsS at\m`mhw AXnthKw amdns¡mWvSncn¡pIbmWv. hyhkmb\nt£]¯n\v A\pIqeambn s]mXphnImcw ChnsS cq]s¸«pIgnªp. km[mcW¡mcpsS PohnXs¯bpw hkvXphIIsfbpw t\cn«p_m[n¡p¶psh¶Xn\m _µpIfpw lÀ¯mepIfpw s]mXpP\s¯ hebv¡pIbmWv.

bphP\§sf BIÀjn¡m³ C¶p ]mÀ«n¡p Ignbp¶nÃ. ]mÀ«n AwK§fpsS sImgnªpt]m¡v D¶Xt\Xm¡Ä¡pÅ ap¶dnbn¸mWv. _nsP]n Ct¸mÄ cq]s¸Sp¯ns¡mWvSncn¡p¶ X{´§sf¡mÄ ]mÀ«n¡p `ojWn {]XnÑmbm \jvShpw _lpP\mSn¯dbn h¶ hnÅepamW.v

PmXnþ aX thm«pIÄ e£yan«v AanXv jm cq]s¸Sp¯p¶ ]pXnb ap¶Wn cWvSp ap¶WnIfptSbpw _lpP\mSn¯dsb sNdnb tXmXn _m[n¡pw. AtXkabw kwØm\s¯ cWvSp {]apJ \yq\]£ kapZmb§fptSbpw IqSn AwKkwJy kwØm\s¯ P\kwJybpsS A¼XpiXam\¯n\p apIfnembn«pWvSmhmw F¶Xp hnkvacn¡m\mhm¯ hkvXpXbmWv. henb tXmXn hn`Pn¡s¸« `qcn]£kapZmb¯nsâ AwK_ew CXnepw XmsgbmWv. AXpsImWvSpXs¶ sslµhthm«pIfpsS k¼qÀWamb {[phoIcWw Ct¸mgs¯ cmjv{SobkmlNcy§sf ASp¯\mfnsem¶pw henbtXmXn kzm[o\n¡m\nSbnÃ. hÀKobambn ap{ZIp¯s¸«ncn¡p¶ _nsP]n¡v henbt\«§Ä kz´am¡m\pw IgnbnÃ. tZiobXe¯n `qcn]£kapZmb¯nsâ a\kv kz´am¡nb _nsP]n \yq\]£§fptSbpw hnizmkw t\tSWvSXp ]ca{][m\amWv.

Npcp¡n¸dªm AanXv jmbpsS tIcf¯nse X{´§Ä sNdnb Ne\§Ä krãn¡psa¦nepw Ignª s]mXpsXcsªSp¸n tamZnbpsam¯p krãn¨ coXnbnepÅ h³ XcwKamIm³ CSbnÃ. {]tXyIn¨pw Ct¸mÄ tamZnbpsSbpw ]mÀ«nbptSbpw Im´nbpw HmPkpw \ãs¸« AhØbnÂ. jm ]²Xnbn«ncn¡p¶ aq¶mwap¶Wn¡v ASp¯ ]©mb¯v sXcsªSp¸n kzm[o\w Adnbn¡m³ Igntª¡pw. \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸n GXm\pw koäpIfpw kz´am¡ntb¡pw. F¶mÂ, CXv FÂUnF^ns\bpw bpUnF^ns\bpw {]XnIqeambn _m[n¡psa¶p ]dbp¶Xp \nehnepÅ cmjv{Sob bmYmÀYy§Ä¡p \nc¡m¯ {]kvXmh\bmbncn¡pw.


Ie¡m³ t\m¡p¶hÀ

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A\´]pcn/ZznP³

D½³ NmWvSnbpsS t\XrXz¯nepÅ P\m[n]Xyap¶Wn kÀ¡mcns\ \ne\nÀt¯WvSXv apJya{´nbpsS am{Xw _m[yXtbm? \nbak`bpsS sU]yq«n kv]o¡À Øm\¯n\pthWvSn BÀFkv]n D¶bn¡p¶ AhImihmZ¯n\p XSbn«psImWvSv tIm¬{Kknse NneÀ \S¯p¶ \o¡§Ä DbÀ¯p¶ kwibw AXmWv.

2011 sabv 13 \v \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸p^ew ]pd¯ph¶t¸mÄ 140 AwK \nbak`bn 72 koäpambn bpUnF^v A[nImc¯nse¯n. tIm¬{Kkv 39, eoKv 20, tIcf tIm¬{Kkv amWn þH¼Xv, P\XmZÄ bpþcWvSv, tP¡_v þH¶v, ]nÅþ H¶v, BÀFkv]n þH¶v F¶ \nebnembncp¶p ]mÀ«nIfpsS iàn. AX\pkcn¨v DWvSmb 21 AwK a{´nk`bn eoKn\v A©pw amWn¡v cWvSpw ]nÅ tP¡_v P\XmZÄ BÀFkv]n ]mÀ«nIÄ¡v Hmtcm¶pw hn«psImSp¯v tIm¬{Kkv apJya{´n AS¡w 11 a{´namscbpw kv]o¡À, sU]yq«n kv]o¡À ]ZhnIfpw t\Sn. amWn¡v Im_n\äv dm¦pÅ No^v hn¸ns\bpw sImSp¯p. eoKn\v A©mw a{´n sImSp¯Xv hnhmZam¡ns¡mWvSv skÂ^v tKmÄ ASn¨p XpS§nbhÀ Ct¸mgpw IfaS¡n Ifn¡m³ t\m¡p¶p. sshIn¨v kuµcyw tNmÀ¯n ]eXpw sN¿m³ apJya{´n \nÀ_ÔnX\mIp¶p. ]nÅ {Kq¸v ap¶Wn¡p ]pd¯mbtXmsS AhcpsS a{´n Øm\hpw tIm¬{Kkv FSp¯p. Bcpw H¶pw ]dªnÃ. CXn\nsS kn]nF½n \n¶pw siÂhcmPv tIm¬{Kknse¯n. AtXmsS tIm¬{Kknsâ AwK_ew DbÀ¶p. temIvk`m sXcsªSpt¸msS BÀFkv ]n¡v CSXpap¶Wn hntSWvSn h¶XpsImWvSv AhcpsS cWvSv FwFÂFamÀIqSn P\m[n]Xyap¶Wnbnse¯n. CtXmsS kÀ¡mcnsâ \nbak`bnse AwK_ew cWvSp IqSn. At¸mÄ amWn {Kq¸nse ]n.kn. tPmÀPv GXmWvSv ]pd¯mbn. ]t£ At±l¯n\v kÀ¡mcns\Xnsc thm«p sN¿m\mhnÃ. kv]o¡dmbncp¶ Pn. ImÀ¯ntIbsâ acWs¯¯pSÀ¶v ià³ kv]o¡dmbn Hgnhp h¶ sU]yq«n kv]o¡À Øm\w \nbak`bn aq¶v AwK§fpÅ BÀFkv]n tNmZn¨tXmsS tIm¬{KkpImc\mb ià³ hln¨ncp¶ ]Zhn tIm¬{Kkn\pXs¶ thWw F¶ imTyhpambn hn¹hImcnIÄ Cd§n. B ]Zhn¡pthWvSn AhÀ BZyw DbÀ¯nbXv sI. apcfo[cs\. Hcn¡Â sI]nknkn A[y£\mbncp¶ apcfnsb B ]Zhnbnte¡v DbÀ¯n¡m«nbXv At±ls¯ sIm¨m¡m³ Bbncp¶p F¶p IcpXp¶hcpWvSv. AtXmsS G¡mÀ ]mtemSv chnbpambn h¶p. D½³ NmWvSn a{´nk`bn {]apJ hIp¸pIsfÃmw sF¡mcpsS ssIhiamWv. a{´namcpsS F®hpw AhÀ¡mWv IqSpXÂ. kv]o¡À Øm\hpw AhcpsS ssIbnemsW¶v ]dbmw... GXmbmepw kwKXn Ipgbv¡m\pÅ \o¡amWv. apcfo[c³ X\n¡p ]Zhn thsWvS¶p ]dsª¦nepw AXp tIm¬{Kknsâ ]ZhnbmWv F¶p ]dbp¶pWvSv. AXmbXv, apJya{´n¡v Xocpam\w t¢iIcam¡pIbmWv.

1961 eoKnÂ\n¶pw ]nSns¨Sp¯ tijw 2001 se BâWn kÀ¡mcnsâ Ime¯mWv BZyambn tIm¬{Kkn\v kv]o¡dpw sU]yq«n kv]o¡dpw DWvSmbXv. h¡w ]pcptjm¯a\pw kpµc³ \mSmcpw. cWvSp h«hpw tIm¬{Kkn\v k`bn GXmWvSv Häbv¡p `qcn]£w DWvSmbncp¶p. 1961 111 AwKk`bn 63 AwK§fpw 2001  140 AwK k`bn 57 AwK§fpw tIm¬{KkpImcmbncp¶p. AXpsImWvSv A¶v cWvSp ]Zhn¡pw AÀlX DWvSmbncp¶p. Ct¸mtgm? tIm¬{KkpImÀ bmYmÀYyt_m[t¯msS Aà {]iv\s¯ ImWp¶Xv. \nbak`bnse Ct¸mgs¯ iàn¡v Gsd A¸pdamWv tIm¬{Kkn\pÅ ]ZhnIÄ. 1991 tIcf tIm¬{Kknsâ sI. \mcmbW¡pdp¸mbncp¶p sU]yq«n kv]o¡À. 1982 eoKnse sImc¼bn Al½ZvlmPnbpw. AXmbXv, bpUnF^v Ncn{X¯n Cu ]Zhn tIm¬{KknsâXv F¶p ]dbm\mhnsöv.

Häbv¡v C´ybpw tIcfhpw `cn¨ tIm¬{Kkv BZyambn ap¶WnkÀ¡mcn `mK`m¡mIp¶Xv tIcf¯nemWv. 1960Â. 1957 se IayqWnÌv `cWamWv tIm¬{Kkns\ AXn\v \nÀ_Ôn¨Xv. B\ saenªmepw sXmgp¯n sI«n¡qsS¶v \ne]mSpÅhÀ A¶pw DWvSmbncp¶p. F¦nepw tIm¬{Kkv ap¶Wnbmbn aÕcn¨p. eoKv ]nFkv]n I£nIfpambn ap¶WnbpWvSm¡n aÕcn¨ tIm¬{Kkv \nbak`bn GXmWvSv Häbv¡v `qcn]£w t\Sn. 63 koäv. ]nFkv]n¡v 20 Dw eoKn\v 11 Dw koäv e`n¨p. sXcsªSp¸p ^ew h¶tXmsS tIm¬{Kknse hn¹hImcnIÄ CfIn. eoKns\ a{´nk`bn Iq«nbnÃ. kv]o¡À Øm\wsImSp¯Xpt]mepw D]m[n h¨v. Ahkm\w eoKv B ]Zhn Dt]£n¨v ap¶Wn hn«p. tIm¬{Kkv B ]Zhnbpw FSp¯p. 1961 se kÀ¡mcn 11 a{´namcmWv DWvSmbncp¶Xv. apJya{´n Øm\w BZyw ]nFkv]n¡mbncp¶p. ]«w XmWp]nÅbv¡v.At±lw AS¡w aq¶p a{´namcmWv ]nFkv]n¡pWvSmbncp¶Xv. apJya{´nØm\w FSp¡p¶hÀ¡v ap¶Wnbn C¯cw Nne hn«phogvN sNt¿WvSnhcpw. ]«s¯ KhÀWdm¡nb tijw 1962 tIm¬{Kknse BÀ. i¦À DWvSm¡nb a{´nk`bn ]t£ ]nFkv]nbpsS {]mXn\n[yw cWvSm¡n. A[nImcw In«pt¼mÄ tIm¬{Kkn\v A§s\ tXm¶mdpWvSv. Hcp amkw Ignªt¸mÄ AhÀ cmPnh¨p t]mbn. C§s\ Häbv¡v `cn¨ tIm¬{Kkv kÀ¡mcmWv 1964 sk]väw_À 10\v Ahnizmk {]tab¯neqsS ]pd¯mbXv.

]n¶oSv Hcp ap¶Wn DWvSm¡m\pw A[nImcw Xncn¨p ]nSn¡m\pw tIm¬{Kkn\mbXv Gsd _p²n ap«nb tijamWv. ]mÀ«nbpsS ]ZhnIÄ F¶ AhImihmZw tIm¬{Kkv D¶bn¡p¶Xv thsd e£yt¯msS Asöv BÀ¡p ]dbm\mhpw. ]sWvSms¡ ap¶Wn t\Xm¡Ä H¶n¨ncp¶mWv Hmtcm I£nbpsSbpw koäpIfpw ]ZhnIfpw Xocpam\n¨ncp¶Xv. AXmWv ap¶Wn ssien. Ct¸mÄ FÃmhcpw henb I£ntbmSv kwkmcn¡p¶p Xocpam\n¡p¶p... Hcp hÀjw t]mepw _m¡nbnÃm¯ kÀ¡mcn\v Cu {]iv\w henb XethZ\ Asænepw tIm¬{Kkv LSII£nItfmSv kzoIcn¡p¶ kao]\¯nsâ ASbmfamhpw. AXv {]XymLmX§fpw DWvSm¡mw. Acphn¡cbnse \nÀWmbI hnPb¯n BÀFkn]nbpw hln¨n«pWvSv sNdnb ]¦v. hnPbw Dd¸m¡p¶Xv C¯cw ]¦pIÄ IqSnbmWv. CSXpap¶Wnbpw _nsP]nbpw Iq«pImsc t\m¡nbncn¡p¶ Ime¯v Pm{KXtbmsS {]hÀ¯n¡p¶Xv ap¶Wn¡v \¶mbncn¡pw.


]mT]pkvXIamt¡WvS PohnXw

A\pIcWobamb amXrIIÄ CÃmXmIp¶p F¶pw kÀh{X Ccp«p ]Scp¶p F¶pw hne]n¡pIbpw "shfn¨w ZpxJamWp®o XaktÃm kpJ{]Zw' F¶ Nn´bn Pohn¡p¶Xn\v CjvSs¸SpIbpw sN¿p¶hÀ s]cpIp¶ kaql¯n Hcp Ccp«n\pw IogS¡m\mhm¯ {]Imi\mf§Ä C¶pw \ap¡nSbn DsWvS¶ A\p`hambncp¶p AhpÄ ]¡oÀ ssP\em_pZn³ A_vZpÄ Iemw F¶ F.]n.sP. A_vZÄ Iemw.

`mcX¯nsâ P\{]nb\mb cmjv{S]Xnbpw, hniz{]kn² anssk imkv{XÚ\pw Hs¡ Bbncp¶, cmjv{Sob kzm[o\§Ä H¶panÃmsX tbmKyXbpsS ASnØm\¯n am{Xw \mSv `mcXcXv\w \evIn BZcn¨ B PohnXw XeapdIÄ¡v {]Imiw ]ct¯WvSXmWv. hgnIm«nbmb PohnXw F¶v {][m\a{´n tamZn Nn{XoIcn¨ B PohnXhpw Nn´Ifpw `mcX¯nse apgph³ hnZymÀYnIÄ¡pw ]mT]pkvXIamtIWvSXtÃ? At±lw Adnbs¸Sm³ B{Kln¡p¶Xv Kpcphmbn«mWv. At±l¯nsâ PohnXhpw Nn´Ifpw B ]Zhn¡v At±ls¯ XnI¨pw AÀl\m¡p¶p. almßPn¡p tijw C´y¡mcsâ a\kns\ C{Xtbsd kzm[o\n¨ amämcmWv DÅXv?

`mhnXeapdbpsS icnbmb cq]oIcW¯n amXm]nXm¡Ä¡pw Kpcp¡·mÀ¡pw DÅ ]¦ns\¡pdn¨v kzPohnXm\p`h§fneqsS At±lw ]dªp Xcp¶p. Ip«n¡me¯v _m¸ ]dªp sImSp¯ Nne IYIÄ At±lw Aán¨ndIpIfn HmÀan¡p¶p. _m¸ Ft¸mgpw ]dªncp¶ IYbmWv A_p s_³ BZ¯ntâXv. Hcp Znhkw cm{Xn A_p Hcp kz]v\w IWvSp. ssZhs¯ kvt\ln¡p¶hcpsS t]cpIÄ kzÀWen]nIfn Hcp amemJ FgpXpIbmWv. Xsâ t]cv ]«nIbn DtWvSm F¶v A_p sXc¡n. Csömbncp¶p adp]Sn. k¦Ss¸«v A_p ]dªp, ktlmZc§sf kvt\ln¡p¶hcpsS enÌn Ahkm\ambn Fsâ t]cpw FgpXtW.. amemJ FgpXn. ]ntä¶v amemJ hoWvSpw h¶p. ssZhw A\p{Kln¨hcpsS enÌmbncp¶p C¯hW ssIbnÂ. AXn Gähpw BZyw DWvSmbncp¶Xv A_phnsâ t]cpw... A\Àlamb k¼mZy§sf Ipdn¨v _m¸ ]dªncp¶Xpw Iemw HmÀan¡p¶p. kÀhià³ Hcp hyànsb Hcp ]Zhn G¸n¡pt¼mÄ Ah\p thWvSsXÃmw DWvSmIm³ At±lw IcpXpw. AXn\¸pdw Bsc¦nepw t\Snbm AXv A\oXnbmhpw. _m¸bpsS D]tZi§Ä Xs¶bpw ktlmZc§sfbpw F§s\ kzm[o\n¨p F¶pw At±lw ]dbp¶p. Hcn¡Â G«³ acbv¡mÀ A\nbs\ hnfn¨p. cmtaizcs¯ Iemw `h\w ]pXp¡n¸Wnbm³ tN«³ B{Kln¡p¶p F¶dnªv Iemansâ Hcp kplr¯v At±ls¯ kao]n¨p. B hoSv s]mfn¡cpXv. AXv At±lw hnebv¡p hm§n Hcp kvamcIam¡mw. asäm¶v AhÀ¡v ]WnXp sImSp¡pIbpw sN¿mw. B kplr¯nt\mSv AXp thsWvS¶pw sIm¨paIsâ ]Ww sImWvSv ]äp¶ hn[¯n ]pXp¡n¸Wnbm\mWv Rm³ B{Kln¡p¶sX¶pw ]dbWw F¶pambncp¶p tN«sâ D]tZiw. tN«\pw A\nb\pw X½nepÅ Bgamb kvt\lw Hs¡ B ]pkvXIw \s½ A\p`hn¸n¡p¶p.

2005  _nlmÀ \nbak` ]ncn¨phn«Xv icnbmbnsöv kp{]owtImSXn ]dªXns\s¨mÃn Iemw cmjv{S]Xn ]Zhn cmPnhbv¡p¶Xn\pÅ I¯p hsc Xbmdm¡n. {][m\a{´n AcpsX¶v A`yÀYn¨p. AXpWvSmbm Xsâ kÀ¡mÀ t]mepw \new s]m¯ntb¡sa¶pw cmPn cmPyt£a¯n\v KpWIcamhnsöpw {][m\a{´n ]dªp. a\xkm£nbpsS i_vZhpw cmjv{S¯nsâ t£ahpw X½n kwLÀ¯nemb cm{Xn. Xocpam\w FSp¡m\mhsX Xm³ AkzØ\mbn ]ntä¶v AXncmhnse DWÀ¶v \akv {]mÀY\ \S¯n cmPn¡¯v sshkv {]knUâns\ G¸n¡m\mbncp¶p ]cn]mSn. \akv {]mÀY\ Ignbpt¼mÄ AXv ]mSnsöv a\xkm£n ]dªXmbn At±lw tcJs¸Sp¯p¶p. Iem]w \S¶ KpPdm¯nte¡v bm{X \nÝbn¨t¸mÄ {][m\a{´n hmPvt]bn tNmZn¨p thtWm? thWsa¶p Iemw ]dªp. AhnSps¯ P\¯nsâ apdnhpIÄ Gsd DW¡m³ Xsâ bm{Xbv¡msb¶v At±lw hnizkn¡p¶p. bm{Xbv¡nsS Hcp ZpcnXmizmk Iym¼n h¨v Hcp Bdp hbkpImc³ ]dªp cmjv{S]XnPn F\n¡v AÑs\bpw A½sbbpwXcptam?...At±lw HmÀ½n¨p.

jntÃmKnte¡pÅ Ahkm\ bm{Xbn At±lw kwkmcn¨Xv Aet¦mes¸Sp¶ ]mÀesaâns\¡pdn¨mbncp¶p. tSWnwKv t]mbnân At±lw FgpXn. "]mÀesaâwK§tf, `mcXamXmhnsâ inev]nItf, R§sf {]Imi¯nte¡v \bn¡q. PohnX§sf k¼¶am¡q. \n§fpsS BßmÀYamb A[zm\w R§fpsS hgnsh«amWv. \n§Ä A[zm\n¨m \mw kar²’ t\Spw...'

"Cu at\mlc{Kl¯nse Htcm Pohnsbbpw Hcp {]tXyI\ntbmKhpambmWv ssZhw krjvSn¨Xv. F\n¡v PohnX¯n km£mXvIcn¡m\mbsXÃmw km[yambXv AhnSps¯ klmbw sImWvSmWv. AXv AhnSps¯ XncplnX¯nsâ {]IS\hpamWv. {]KÛcmb A[ym]IÀ, kl{]hÀ¯IÀ XpS§nbhcneqsS AhnSps¯ Ir] F¶nte¡v hÀjn¡s¸«p. Cu alXvhyànIÄ¡v Rm³ BZcw AÀ¸n¡pt¼mÄ Rm³ AhnSps¯ alXzw Xs¶bmWv {]IoÀ¯n¡p¶Xv...'

Cu tdm¡äpIfpw ansskepIfpw FÃmw A_vZpÄ Iemw F¶ sNdnb a\pjy\neqsS \nÀan¡pt¼mÄ AhnSp¶p `mcX¯nse P\e£§tfmSv ]dbp¶Xv Bcpw \nkmccmsWt¶m \nklmbcmsWt¶m IcpXcpXv F¶mWv. \msaÃmw Hcp ssZhnI AánbpambmWv P\n¡p¶Xv. Cu Aán¡p NndIp \ÂIm\pw AXnsâ \·bpsS hÀWtim`bn temIs¯ {]Imin¸n¡phm\pamIWw \½psS {]bXv\§Ä.. Aán¨ndIpIfnse Cu Gäp]d¨nepIÄ GXp a\kns\bmWv Pzen¸n¡m¯Xv.

At±l¯nsâ I_dS¡w \S¯p¶ A¶v Xs¶ At±lw ktµlw {]ISn¸n¨n«pÅ h[in£ \S¸m¡p¶ AXy]qÀh kw`h¯n\pw `mcXw km£nbmbn. cmjv{S]Xn¡p In«p¶ ZbmlÀPnIfn an¡hbnsebpw {]XnIÄ bYmÀY IpähmfnIfsöv At±lw Ipdn¨p h¨n«pWvSv. ""\msaÃmw ssZh¯nsâ krjvSnIfmWv. Hcp am\pjnI kwhn[m\¯n\pw hyàn¡pw Ir{Xnaamb ImcW§Ä ]dªv Hcp Pohs\Sp¡m³ AhImianÃþ'' At±lw FgpXn. F¶mÂ, a\x]qÀhw sIme \S¯nbhsc¶v t_m[ys¸« HcmfpsS ZbmlÀPn XÅnb Imcyhpw At±lw ]dbp¶p..

Ie¡p¶hÀ

Iemw Imew sNbvXt¸mgpw ]e am[ya§fpw CÃm¡YIÄ hnXcWw sNbvXp. tkmWnb {][m\a{´n BIp¶Xn\v At±lw FXncp \n¶p F¶mbncp¶p H¶v. At±lw Xs¶ FgpXn AhÀ Bhiys¸s«¦n F\n¡p thsd amÀKw DWvSmbncp¶nsöv... AXmWv Ct¸mgs¯ am[ya ssien. I¨hS¯n\p thWvSn F´pw D]tbmKn¡pI. hnhmtlXc_Ôs¯bpw AXnse Ip«nIsfbpw hmgv¯s¸«hcm¡p¶XS¡apÅ I¨hSX{´§Ä XIÀ¡p¶Xp ]c¼cmKX aqey§sf BWv. IpSpw__Ô§sf BWv. Fsâ AÑ\v Fsâ A½bv¡¸pdw Hcp kv{Xobpambn _ÔapsWvS¶v Adnbp¶ At±l¯nsâ Adnbs¸Sp¶ a¡Ä¡pw DWvSmhntà thZ\.. AXp ]ckyambn kwhmZam¡pt¼mtgm.. AhÀ¡p thZ\n¡ntÃ? CsXÃmw icn F¶ Nn´ hcp¶ Xeapdbn hcp¯p¶Xv F´n\p thWvSn? kwhmZw \S¯p¶hÀ Nn´n¡mdptWvSm Fsâ AÑ\v C¯cw Hcp _ÔapsWvS¦n AXv BtLmjn¡p¶htcmSv F´mhpw Fsâ kao]\sa¶v...






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