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AÑs\bpw A½sbbpw a¡Ä hoXwh¨p

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IqcncpÄkmb´\w / sdPn tPmk^vþ6

\mev]Xp hÀjw Nmb¡S \S¯n In«nb hcpam\w kzcq]n¨v ZnhmIc\pw (84) `mcy kck½bpw (80) A©p a¡Ä¡p hoSp ]WnXp \ÂIn. hmÀ[Iy¯nse¯nbt¸mÄ AÑs\bpw A½sbbpw a¡Ä hoXwh¨p.

A½sb GsäSp¡m\mbncp¶p a¡Ä¡p XmXv]cyw. ImcWw, A½bpsS ImXnepw Igp¯nepambn \mep ]h³ B`cW§fpWvSmbncp¶p. a¡fpsS {IqcXbn a\ws\m´p hoSphn«nd§nb ZnhmIc\pw kck½bpw Pohs\mSp¡m³ ImbwIpfw sdbnÂth tKän\p kao]w \n¡pt¼mgmWp tKäv Io¸À s{Sbn³ sshIn¨v Chsc ISpwssIbnÂ\n¶p ]n´ncn¸n¨Xv. \m«pImÀ Ccphscbpw A¶p sI]nknkn {]knUâmbncp¶ ctaiv sN¶n¯ebpsS ap¶nse¯n¨p. At±lw CcphÀ¡pw Bizmkw ]IÀ¶v {]tXyI \nÀtZit¯msS ]¯\m]pcw KmÔn`h\nte¡v Ab¨p.

ImbwIpfw apXpIpf¯p Nmb¡S \S¯nh¶ Cu Z¼XnIÄ hr²cpw tcmKnIfpambn hcpam\w \ne¨t¸mÄ a¡fpsS hoSpIfn CSanÃmXmbn. A©p a¡fn aq¶p t]À ssk\nIcmbncp¶p.

60 hÀjw Hcpan¨p Pohn¨ R§sf hoXwh¨p thÀs]Sp¯m³ aSn¡m¯ a¡tfmsSm¸w Pohn¡p¶Xnt\¡mÄ t`Zw Cu AKXnaµncamWv. ChnsS R§Ä Xr]vXcmWv. Cu sNdnb apdnbpw Cu InS¡bpw kam[m\t¯msS XeNmbv¡m³ [mcmfw aXn. kz´w a¡fpsS ssIbnÂ\n¶p shÅw IpSn¨p acn¡p¶Xnt\¡mÄ t`Zw ChnSs¯ a¡Ä Xcp¶ shÅw IpSn¨p acn¡p¶XmWv: ZnhmIc³ lrZbw\pdp§n ]dªp. C\n a¡Ä h¶p hnfn¨mepw ChnsS\n¶p aS§m³ Cu hr²Z¼XnIÄ B{Kln¡p¶nÃ.

Bdpw Ggpw a¡fpÅ amXm]nXm¡Ä hsc \hPoh\n AKXnIfmbn F¯mdpsWvS¶p tIm«bw BÀ¸q¡c \hPohsâ {SÌn ]n.bp. tXmakv ]dªp. acnt¨m Pohnt¨m F¶dnbm³ t]mepw a¡Ä F¯nt\m¡m¯ hr²À ChnsSbpWvSv. A\mYcmbn acn¨pIgnªm a¡sf Adnbn¡m³ t^mt«m ]{X§fn sImSp¡p¶Xv ChnsS ]Xnhmbncn¡p¶p: ]n.bp. tXmakn\p ]dbm³ s]mÅp¶ A\p`h§tfsdbpWvSv.

\hPoh³ aµnc¯nÂXs¶bmWv A©p a¡fpÅ X¦aWnsb (75) IWvSpap«nbXv. ImepIÄ HSnªp ho«n BtcmcpanÃmsX Ignª hr²sb \hPoh³ {]hÀ¯IcmWv AKXnaµnc¯nse¯n¨Xv. PohnXw InS¡bnemsW¦nepw {]khn¨p ]meq«nb a¡Ä ImWn¡m¯ ]cnKW\ \hPoh³ \ÂInbtXmsS X¦aWnbpsS apJ¯p {]XymibpsS Xnf¡apWvSv.

BtcmKyw Hcphn[w sa¨ambt¸mÄ A½sb XncnsI ho«nte¡p sImWvSpt]mIm³ A©p a¡tfmSpw \hPoh³ XmXv]cys¸«p. HcmÄt]mepw Xncnªpt\m¡nbnÃ. X¦aWn a¡sf t]cpsNmÃn Dd¡¯nepw hnfn¡pw. Bsc¦nepw ht¶m, hcptam F¶p tXmakptN«t\mSv ChÀ tNmZn¡mdpWvSv. \msf hcpw, \msf hcpw F¶ {]XymibpsS hm¡p hnizkn¨p X¦aWn InS¡bn Im¯ncn¡pIbmWv, s\m´ps]ä A©p a¡sfbpw H¸w t]c¡p«nIsfbpw.

htbmP\ kwc£Ww Dd¸m¡m³ HmÄUv GPv I¬t{SmÄ t_mÀUv cq]hXvIcn¡psa¶p Ignª sk]väw_dn apJya{´n \nbak`bn {]Jym]n¨ncp¶p. \nehn Pphss\ t_mÀUnsâ IognemWp htbmP\t£ahpw DÄs¸Sp¯nbncn¡p¶Xv. apXnÀ¶ ]uc·mÀ¡mbn sl¸vsse\pw PnÃIfn htbmP\ _yqtdmbpw XpS§psa¶pw {]Jym]\w DWvSmbXÃmsX \S]SnbpWvSmbn«nÃ.

kwØm\¯p kÀ¡mÀ NpaXebnepÅ FÃm AKXnaµnc§fpsSbpw \ne ]caZb\obamWv. tNmÀs¶men¡p¶ sI«nS§fpw CfInbmSp¶ InS¡Ifpw. ]«nbpw ]q¨bpw Fenbpw AS¡nhmgpIbmWv ChnS§fnÂ. `£Ww, NnInÕ F¶nhbnseÃmw ]nt¶m¡mhØ. ]e AKXnaµnc§fpw `n£mSIcpsS cm{XnIme InS¸ptI{µ§fmbn amdnbn«pWvSv.

Xncph\´]pcw Nm¡bn kÀ¡mcnsâ "sIbÀtlmanÂ' At´hmknIfmbpÅ 48 kv{XoIfpw 52 ]pcpj³amcpw KpcpXcamb AkpJ§fm hebp¶hcmWv. Iodn¸dnª DSpXpWnbÃmsX cWvSmasXmcp hkv{Xw Gsdt¸À¡panÃ. ]Xns\«p hÀjambn ChnsS IgnbpIbmWp hmkp F¶ At´hmkn.

kÀ¡mÀ AKXnaµnc§fpsS AtX ZpchØbmWp ]IÂhoSpIÄ¡pw kw`hn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä ]²Xn¯pIbpsS A©v iXam\w apXnÀ¶hcpsS t£a]²XnIÄ¡mbn \o¡nhbv¡Wsa¶Xn\m \mSp\osf ]pdt¼m¡pØe§fn ]IÂhoSpIÄ ]WnbpIbmWv. htbm[nIcpsS kwc£W¯n\p {XnXe ]©mb¯pIÄ kwØm\¯p 42 ]IÂhoSpIÄ \nÀan¨n«pWvSv. \mbIÄ Ønchmkam¡nb C¯cw sI«nS§fn ]eXpw amk§fmbn ASªpInS¡p¶p. NnesXms¡ kmaqlnIhncp²cpsS Xmhfambncn¡p¶p. htbmP\§fpsS {]iv\§Ä NÀ¨ sN¿p¶Xn\pw ]cnlcn¡p¶Xn\pw {]tXyI {Kmak`IÄ IqSWsa¶ \nÀtZiw Hcp ]©mb¯nepw ]men¡s¸SmdnÃ.

hmÀ[Iy¯n AhKW\bpw ZpcnXhpw A\p`hn¡p¶ Hcp hn`mKamWp hnapà`S·mÀ. Ime§tfmfw ]«mf¯n Ignªtijw aS§nhcpt¼mÄ ho«nepw \m«nepw A\yXmt_m[amWp ]eÀ¡papWvSmIpI. hÀj§Ä IqSn hcpt¼mÄ am{Xw AÑs\ a¡Ä IWvSphfcp¶ kmlNcy¯nsâ ]cnWX^ehpamImw. FIvkv kÀhokvsa³ shÂs^bÀ Atkmkntbj³ Im¡\m«v \S¯p¶ ssk\nIm{ia¯n \qdntesd At´hmknIfpWvSv. cWvSmw temIalmbp²¯n ]s¦Sp¯ Bdp t]À ChcnÂs¸Spw. ]ecpsSbpw a¡Ä hntZi¯mWv.

a¡fnÃm¯hÀ, AhnhmlnXÀ F¶nhcpw AKXnaµnc§fnse¯ns¸Sp¶p. P³aw apX imcocnI \yq\XIfpw sshIey§fpapÅhcmWv Chcn Gsdbpw. kz¯pw ]Whpw hcpam\hpansæn Chsc _Ôp¡Ä¡p thWvSmXmIpw. kz¯psWvS¦n AXp ssI¡em¡p¶hÀ ]n¡me¯p ssIsbmgnbpIbpw sN¿pw.

AWpIpSpw_§Ä s]cpInbXp tIcf¯n IqsS¸mÀ¯p ]cn]men¡m³ a¡fnÃm¯ htbm[nIcpsS hÀ[\bv¡p {][m\ ImcWambn«pWvSv. Ht¶m ctWvSm s]¬a¡Ä am{XapÅhcpsS hmÀ[IyImeamWv Gähpw ]cnXm]Icw. s]¬a¡sf hnhmlw sNbvXb¨m AhÀ asämcp IpSpw_¯nsâ `mKambn amdp¶p. acpa¡Ä a\pjyXzhpw ]cnKW\bpw \ÂIm³ Xbmdmbm am{XamWv ChÀ¡p hmÀ[Iy¯n kwc£Whpw kmao]yhpw e`n¡pI.

\gvknwKv, F³Pn\nbdnwKv taJeIfn tPmen t\Sn \mSphn« s]¬a¡fpsS amXm]nXm¡fn hensbmcp hn`mKw hoSpIfn X\n¨p Ignbp¶Xv C¶p km[mcWamWv. sNdnb tcmKw h¶mÂt¸mepw Bi¦tbmsS Bip]{XnIfn A`bw tXSn BgvNItfmfw AhnsS ]mÀ¡p¶Xv C¯c¡mcpsS `oXn IeÀ¶ kz`mhambncn¡p¶p. X\n¨pIgnbp¶ hr²Z¼XnIfn HcmÄ acn¨pIgnªmepWvSmIp¶ kmlNcyw `mhnbn Gsd {]XnkÔnIÄ¡p ImcWamIpw.

hr²kZ\§fn Ignbp¶Xn asämcp hn`mKw Pbnen \n¶v Cd§nbhcmWv. _Ôp¡Ä kzoIcn¡m³ XbmdmImsX hcpt¼mÄ A\mYmebamWp ]eÀ¡pw A`bamIp¶Xv. am\knItcmKw _m[n¨hsc ho«pImÀ DÄs¡mÅm³ XbmdmImsXhcpw. AKXnaµnc§fnse At´hmknIfn ]IpXntbmfw t]À am\knItcmKnIfmsW¶p kwØm\ HmÀ^t\Pv I¬t{SmÄ t_mÀUv AwKw ^m. tdmbn hSt¡Â hniZoIcn¨p.

`£Ww, acp¶v, kwc£Ww F¶o hIbn `mcn¨ sNehmWp am\knI tcmKnIfmb AKXnIsf kwc£n¡pt¼mÄ DWvSmIp¶Xv. \bmss]k t]mepw kÀ¡mÀ C¯c¯n [ÀaØm]\§Ä¡p \ÂIp¶nsöpw ^m. hSt¡Â ]dªp.

{]ikvX kwhn[mbIsâ `mcybmbn amdnb \Snbn \n¶p Poh\mwiw Bhiys¸«p ]nXmhv tIkv \S¯nbXpw tIcf¯nse kao]Ime kw`hamWv. BÀUnHbpsS ]¡Â XpS§nb tIkv hÀj§Ä \oWvSp sslt¡mSXnbnÂhsc F¯pIbpw HSphn H¯pXoÀ¡pIbpambncp¶p.

IpSpw_§fnse IcpXenÃm¯ km¼¯nIhn\ntbmKamWp htbm[nIsc s]cphgnbnem¡p¶Xv. ]ecpw X§Äs¡m¶pw IcpXnhbv¡msX kz¯v a¡Ä¡p `mKn¨p\ÂIpw. a¡Ä kwc£n¡psa¶ {]Xo£bn `mhnbnte¡v H¶pw IcpXnhbv¡nÃ. kz¯phIIÄ hoXwhbv¡p¶ Ime¯p amXm]nXm¡Ä¡p \à BtcmKyhpw hcpam\hpapWvSmIpw. hmÀ[Iyhpw tcmKhpw ZpcnXhpw F¯pt¼mÄ a¡tfmSp tNmZn¡m³ {]Xm]¯n Ignªncp¶ AhcpsS A`nam\w A\phZn¡nÃ. a¡fpw _Ôp¡fpw XÅn¡fªv GIm´Xbn Ignbp¶htcsdbpw XocmtcmKnIfmWv. lrt{ZmKw, {]talw, càk½ÀZw, ImgvN¡pdhv, tIÄhn¡pdhv, aq{XXSkw, kÔnthZ\, XfÀhmXw, HmÀa¡pdhv, ]mÀ¡n³k¬kv Unkokv XpS§nb \nch[n {]iv\§fm hebp¶hcmWv htbm[nIkaqlw. hmÀ[IyNnInÕ hfsc {]bmktadnbXpw sNethdnbXpamWv.

hnjmZw, DXvIWvT, HmÀa¡pdhv, sXän²mcWIÄ, anYymt_m[w, Dd¡anÃmbva, BßlXym{]hWX F¶nh htbm[nIcn km[mcWamWv. FÃmhcpw Häs¸Sp¯p¶p, BÀ¡pw thWvSm¯hcmbn, Hcp Imcyhpw _Ôp¡Ä Adnbn¡p¶nÃ, BtemNn¡p¶nà XpS§nb hnhn[ ]cmXnIfmWv ChcnÂ\n¶p tIÄ¡m\mIpI.

IanXm¡fpsS BßlXybpsS \nc¡nte¡p htbm[nIcpsS BßlXybpw DbcpIbmWv. Xncph\´]pc¯p `À¯mhnsâ NnXbn NmSn hr² acn¨p. I«¸\, Xr¸qWn¯pd, ]´fw, s\Sp¦WvSw, ]dhqÀ XpS§n hnhn[bnS§fn X\n¨p Xmakn¨ncp¶ Z¼XnIÄ Pohs\mSp¡nbXp kao]Ime¯p hmÀ¯Ifmbn. t]meokv ss{Iw dn¡mÀUv {]Imcw a¡Ä t\m¡m\nÃmsX \cIn¨pIgnªv 22 t]cmWp IgnªhÀjw kwØm\¯p Pohs\mSp¡nbXv.

(XpScpw)


lbÀ sk¡³Udn: hnhmZaà hoWvSphnNmcamWp thWvSXv

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dh. tUm. ^nen¸v s\¸pc¸d¼nÂ

lbÀ sk¡³Udn {]thi\hpw ]pXnb lbÀ sk¡³Udn kvIqfpIÄ A\phZn¡p¶XpsaÃmw cmjv{Sob{]iv\hpw hnhmZhpambn cq]s¸«pIgnªp. {]iv\]cnlmc¯n\p cmjv{Sob NÀ¨IfmWp \S¡p¶Xv. F¶mÂ, tIhew cmjv{Sob{]iv\ambn«mtWm Cu hnZym`ymk {]XnkÔnsb ItWWvSXv? {]iv\s¯ ka{Kambn hnebncp¯msX \S¯p¶ {]Xnhn[n \nÀtZi§Ä ^e{]ZamInsöp tXm¶p¶p.

\½psS lbÀ sk¡³Udn kvIqfpIfn hnZymÀYnIfnÃmsX koäpIÄ HgnªpInS¡p¶p. AtXkabw, {]thi\w In«msX hnZymÀYnIÄ ]pd¯pw \nev¡p¶p. CXmWv Ct¸mgs¯ {]iv\w. C¡gnª hÀj§fn ]et¸mgpw DWvSmb {]iv\amWnXv. Cu hÀjw Ipd¨pIqSn cq£amsW¶p am{Xw. GItZi IW¡\pkcn¨v 64,770 koäpIÄ hnZymÀYnIfnÃmsX InS¡pIbmWv, Hcp e£t¯mfw hnZymÀYnIÄ ]pd¯pw. CXmWp {]iv\w. F¶mÂ, {]iv\]cnlmcambn AhXcn¸n¡p¶XmIs« ]pXnb hnZymeb§Ä, ]pXnb _m¨pIÄ, Hmtcm _m¨nepw IqSpX hnZymÀYnIsf {]thin¸n¡Â XpS§nbhbmWv. {]iv\§Ä¡p efnXhpw ^e{]Zhpamb ]cnlmcamÀK§Ä DÅt¸mÄ F´n\v CXpt]mse A]ISIchpw A\mhiyhpamb {]Xnhn[nIfnte¡p t]mIp¶p F¶mWp hnebncpt¯WvSXv.

hnZymÀYnIÄ {]thi\w In«msX ]pd¯p \nev¡pIbpw H¸w hnZymÀYnIfnÃmsX koäpIÄ HgnªpInS¡pIbpw sN¿p¶XmWv C¶s¯ {]XnkÔn. AÃmsX Bhiy¯n\p koänÃm¯XÃ. Cu AhØbv¡v ASnØm\ ImcWw {][m\ambpw hnZymÀYn {]thi\coXnbnepÅ A]mIXbmsW¶p Xncn¨dnbm³ Bcpw CjvSs¸Sp¶nà F¶XmWp bmYmÀYyw. Bhiy¯n\p koäpIÄ kwØm\¯pWvSv. F¶mÂ, AXp ^e{]Zambn hnXcWw sN¿p¶ kwhn[m\anà F¶XmWv C¶s¯ {]iv\w. ^e{]Zambncp¶ kwhn[m\s¯ A«nadn¨XmWv C¶s¯ {]iv\§Ä¡p aqeImcWw F¶pw hnebncp¯msa¶pw tXm¶p¶p.

GIPmeI¯nsâ {]Xybimkv{Xw

Hmtcm hnZymebhpw AhnsS e`n¡p¶ At]£Ifn Gähpw tbmKycmbhsc sadnä\pkcn¨p {]thin¸n¡p¶ k{¼ZmbamWv Bdp hÀjw ap¼phsc \ne\n¶ncp¶Xv. lbÀ sk¡³Udn kvIqfpIÄ {]mtZinImhiyw IW¡m¡nbmWv A\phZn¨Xv. sadnä\pkcn¨p {]thi\w In«p¶ hnZymÀYnIfpsS enÌv {]kn²oIcn¡pIbpw kÀ¡mcn\p ]cntim[\bv¡p \evIpIbpw sNbvXncp¶p.

kÀ¡mcnsâ lbÀ sk¡³Udn A[ym]Isc \ntbmKn¨v Cu {]thi\{]{InbbpsS tcJIÄ ]cntim[n¡pIbpw ]nghpsWvS¦n \S]Sn FSp¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ coXnbpw \ne\n¶ncp¶p. Npcp¡¯nÂ, efnXambpw A[nImcnIfpsS taÂt\m«¯nepw Bbncp¶p {]thi\w \S¶ncp¶Xv. tIhew cWvSmgvNsImWvSp {]thi\w ]qÀ¯nbm¡m\pw Ignªncp¶p.

kÀ¡mÀ kwhn[m\§fpsS taÂt\m«¯n \S¶ C§s\bpÅ kpXmcyamb {]thi\{]{Inbbn AgnaXn Btcm]n¡s¸«p k¦oÀWhpw A]ISIchpamb thsdmcp kÀ¡mÀ kwhn[m\¯nte¡p {]thi\{]{Inb t]mbn F¶XmWp hnNn{Xamb Imcyw. kÀ¡mcnsâ taÂt\m«¯nemsW¦nÂt]mepw kzImcytaJe D¯chmZn¯§Ä ssIImcyw sNbvXpIqSm F¶ {]Xybimkv{X]camb \ne]mSpw {]thi\{]{Inb amänadn¨Xn DWvSmbncp¶p.

FÃm¡mcy§fpw kÀ¡mÀ t\cn«p sNbvXm am{Xw icnbmIpw F¶ Akw_Ô Nn´ hym]Iambn \½psS \m«n {]Ncn¨n«pWvSpXm\pw. kÀ¡mcnsâ kwhn[m\wXs¶ AgnaXn¡v CSbm¡p¶psh¶p ]dªp IÀi\amb kÀ¡mÀ kwhn[m\w GÀs¸Sp¯p¶ coXnbmWv ChnsS IS¶ph¶Xv.

cWvSmgvN sImWvSp ]qÀ¯nbmbncp¶ hnZymÀYn{]thi\w aq¶p amkt¯mfw \ofp¶psh¶XmWv GIPmeI¯nsâ Hcp t\«w. Cu hÀjs¯ lbÀ sk¡³Udn {]thi\wXs¶ DZmlcWw. hnZym`ymkhIp¸nsâ ITn\m[zm\wsImWvSv G{]n 16þ\p Xs¶ FkvFkvFÂkn ^ew {]kn²oIcn¡m³ Ignªp. {]thi\{]{Inb GIPmeI¯n AÃmbncp¶psh¦n Pq¬ H¶n\pXs¶ lbÀsk¡³Udn ¢mkpIÄ Bcw`n¡m³ Ignbpambncp¶p. F¶mÂ, aq¶pamkw Ignªv Pqsse ]IpXntbmsSbmWv ¢mkpIÄ Bcw`n¨Xv.

tbmKycmb Hcp e£t¯mfw hnZymÀYnIÄ {]thi\w In«msX ]pd¯p\n¡p¶p. HmKÌv hsc Cu {]thi\{]{Inb \ofpsa¶mWp ImWp¶Xv. hnZymÀYnIÄ¡v C§s\ hnZymebhÀj¯nsâ \Ã]¦v \jvSs¸Sp¶Xn A[ym]Iþ hnZymÀYn kwLS\IÄ¡mÀ¡pw {]Xntj[anÃ, BÀ¡pw ]cmXnbnÃ. AXmWp tJZIcw.

]¯pamkw \ofp¶ hnZymebhÀj¯n \mensem¶v Cu GIPmeI {]{InbsImWvSpXs¶ \jvSs¸Sp¶Xp hnZym`ymk¯nsâ KpW\nehmcs¯bmWp _m[n¡p¶Xv. hnZymÀYnIÄ F¯msX ¢mkpIÄ ]qÀWambn Bcw`n¡m\mhnÃtÃm. {]^jW tImfPpIfnse hnZymÀYnIfpsS ]cmPbw hnebncp¯pt¼mÄ ASnØm\ hnZym`ymk¯nse Cu KpW\nehmc¯IÀ¨bpw hnIeamb {]thi\ {]{Inbbpw hnebncp¯s¸tSWvSXmWv. CSXp]£w `cn¨psImWvSncp¶t¸mgpw Cu {]iv\§Ä DbÀ¯n¡m«pIbpw {]Xnhn[n tXSpIbpw sNbvXncp¶psh¦nepw AsXÃmw AhKWn¡pIbmbncp¶p.

A[yb\amk§Ä ]eXp \jvSs¸Sp¯p¶ Cu GIPmeI {]{Inbhgn koäpIÄ HgnªpInS¡pt¼mgpw hnZymÀYnIÄ ]pd¯p\nevt¡WvS kmlNcyw krjvSn¡p¶p. Hcp hnZymÀYn t]mepw AUvanj³ FSp¡m¯ 17 _m¨pIfmWv ae¸pdw PnÃbnepÅXv F¶ hmÀ¯ IWvSp. IgnªhÀjw 18,000 koäpIÄ HgnªpInS¶p. HmKÌv hsc {]thi\¯n\mbn Im¯ncn¡msX ]e hnZymÀYnIfpw kam´c kwhn[m\§sf B{ibn¨XpsImWvSmWv C§s\ koäpIÄ HgnªpInS¶Xv.

sadnäpw kpXmcyXbpw A«nadn¡p¶p

efnXamb {]thi\coXn k¦oÀWam¡n F¶XmWv GIPmeI¯nâ asämcp t\«w! H¸w kpXmcyX \jvSs¸«Xpw. F´psImWvSp Xt¶¡mÄ amÀ¡p Ipdª HcmÄ X\n¡p apt¼ hnZymeb {]thi\w t\Sn F¶t\zjn¡p¶ hnZymÀYnIÄ C¶v A\h[nbmWv. CXn\p \ymboIcWw \evIm³ an¡hmdpw A[ym]IÀ¡pw Ignbp¶nÃ. AXpsImWvSpXs¶ GIPmeI¯nse IÅ¡fnIÄ ]eXpw ]pd¯phcp¶panÃ.

Atem«vsaâpIÄ ]eXp \S¡p¶pWvSv. Nne hÀj§fn \mev Atem«vsaân\ptijw hoWvSpw BZyw apX {]thi\w Bcw`n¨p. Nnet¸mÄ cWvSv Atem«vsaân\p tijhpw. F¶ph¨m sadnäv A«nadn¡s¸Sp¶p. Nne kmlNcy§fn {]iv\]cnlmc¯n\mbn Btcbpw {]thin¸n¡m³ t]mepw hnZym`ymkhIp¸v A\phZn¨n«pWvSv.

Cu hÀjw Xs¶ cWvSv Atem«vsaân\ptijw hnZymebamäw A\phZn¡p¶XpsImWvSv \à hnZymeb§fn {]thi\w tXSnb DbÀ¶ amÀ¡pÅ hnZymÀYnIÄ ]pd¯ncn¡pt¼mįs¶ kÀ¡mÀ hnZymeb§fn {]thi\w FSp¯ amÀ¡p IpdªhÀ B hnZymeb§fnte¡p amäw hm§n t]mIp¶p. ^etam sadnäv A«nadn¡s¸«p. CXn\pap¼pw CXpt]msebpÅ hnZymebamäw A\phZn¨v sadnäv A«nadn¡s¸«n«pWvSv. AXmbXv, GIPmeI¯n Hcp {]tXyI L«¯n sadnäv Hcp am\ZÞw AÃmXmbncn¡p¶p.

\jvSs¸Sp¯p¶ ]Whpw kpXmcyXbpw

GIPmeIw sNethdnbXmWv; kÀ¡mcn\p tImSnIÄ _m[yX hcp¯p¶ kwhn[m\w. H¸w, AXn\pthWvSn \ntbmKn¡s¸Sp¶ A[ym]IcpsS tkh\w hnZymeb§Ä¡p \jvSs¸Sp¶Xpw hnZym`ymks¯ _m[n¡p¶p. X§fpsS {]thi\w kw_Ôn¨p ]e {]mhiyw "CâÀs\äv It^'Ifn sXctbWvSnhcp¶ hnZymÀYnIÄ¡pw I\¯ tXmXn ]W\jvSw DWvSmIp¶p.

kpXmcyX CÃm¯XmWp asämcp {]iv\w, H¸w A\nÝnXXzhpw. cWvSphÀjw ap¼v {]thi\w In«msX BßlXy sNbvX tcjvabpw GIPmeI {]{Inb Bcw`n¨ L«¯n BßlXy sNbvX hnZymÀYnIfpw Cu hgnbpWvSmb Zpc´§Ä am{XamWv; C\nbpw BhÀ¯n¡s¸Smhp¶ Zpc´w. koäpIÄ HgnªpInS¡pt¼mgpw {]thi\w In«msX Aebp¶ amXm]nXm¡fpsS BIpeXIfpw hnZym`ymkhIp¸v hnkvacn¡pIbmWv.

]e hnZymÀYnIÄ¡pw {]thi\w In«p¶Xp hnZqc§fnepÅ hnZymeb§fnemWv F¶ {]XnkÔnbpw Cu {]{Inb hgn DWvSmIp¶p. AXpsImWvSp ]T\w thsWvS¶ph¨hcpw A\h[nbmWv. s]¬Ip«nIsf AIsebpÅ hnZymeb§fn Abbv¡m³ `bs¸Sp¶ At\Iw amXm]nXm¡fpWvSv.

koäv hÀ[\ F¶ A_²w

IqSpX koäpIÄ \ap¡mhiyansöp IW¡pIÄ ImWn¡p¶p. \nehnepÅ lbÀ sk¡UdnIfn Ccp]Xp iXam\w koäphÀ[\ F¶Xpw A_²amWv. GXmWvSv 15 hÀjw ap¼v kÀ¡mÀ \nÀtZin¨X\pkcn¨v 50 hnZymÀYnIÄ¡pthWvSn kÖam¡nbncn¡p¶ ¢mkv dqapw Iw]yq«dpIfpw em_pw sse{_dnbpsaÃmw Adp]Xp t]À¡mbn hnXcWw sN¿pt¼mÄ BÀ¡pw XnIbmsX hcp¶p. F¶ph¨m FÃmhcpsSbpw ]T\w AhXmf¯nemIp¶p. CXmbncn¡Wtam tIcfw t]msebpÅ Hcp {]_p² kwØm\¯nsâ hnZym`ymk\bw? Ccn¡m³ kwhn[m\w Hcp¡nbm FÃmamtbm?

hnZymÀYnIÄ¡p {]tbmP\{]Zhpw ^e{]Zhpamb {]thi\coXnbpw hnZym`ymkhpw F¶Xnt\¡mÄ cmjv{Sobt\«§Ä¡pXIp¶ hnZym`ymk\bw F¶Xnte¡p tIcf¯n ØnXn amdpIbmWv. KpWta·bpÅ hnZym`ymkw \½psS Ip«nIÄ¡p \evIm\pÅ kwhn[m\amWp \½Ä krjvSnt¡WvSXv.

GIPmeI {]thi\{]{Inb ]cmPbambXn\m ]gbXnte¡p Xncn¨pt]mIm³ BßmÀYX Im«Ww. AXn ]nghpIÄ DsWvS¦n ]cnlcn¡Ww. AÃmsX A¼Xp t]cpsS ¢mkn Adp]Xp t]sc Ccp¯nbpw hnZymÀYnIfnÃmsX hnZymeb§Ä InS¡pt¼mÄ ]pXnb hnZymeb§Ä Xpd¶pw Aà ]cnlmcw DWvSmt¡WvSXv.


hgn¡®pIfpambn shdptX Im¯ncn¸v

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IqcncpÄkmb´\w / sdPn tPmk^vþ5

tIm«bs¯ {]apJ tImfPn 30 hÀjw A[ym]I\mbncp¶ dn«tbUv {]^ksd ImWm³ FdWmIpfs¯ dn«bÀsaâv hnÃbnse¯pt¼mÄ ap³hi¯p NmcpItkcbn D¨ab¡¯nembncp¶p. I®p Xpd¶tXmsS {]^kdpsS ssIIfpw sNmSnbpw hnd¨pXpS§n. Gäncn¡m³ {iaw \S¯nsb¦nepw ImepIÄ hg§msX hoWvSpw Itkcbn InS¸mbn. Imetasd \oWvS tIm«bw tImfPv PohnX¯nsâ \ÃImew BapJambn ]dªtijamWp PohnXw ]Tn¸n¨ A\p`h§Ä {]^kÀ ]dªpXpS§nbXv.

a¡Ä \mep t]cpw \mep cmPy§fn Ignbp¶p. Atacn¡bnepw Cw¥WvSnepw AbÀe³Unepw ku¯v B{^n¡bnepambn aq¶p `qJÞ§fn Ignbp¶ a¡Ä¡v AhcpsS temIw. F\n¡p tijn¡p¶ PohnXw Bephm¸pgbnte¡p hgn¡®pIfpambn Cu Ccn¸pw InS¸pw am{Xw. CcpfpIbpw shfp¡pIbpw sN¿p¶Xv Adnbmsa¶ÃmsX temI¯v F´p kw`hn¡p¶p F¶dnbm³ t]mepw a\kv A\phZn¡p¶nÃ.

ku¯v B{^n¡bn Ignbp¶ Cfb aI³ AhnS¯pImcnsb IeymWw Ign¨psh¶p tI«p. shÅ¡mcnbmb acpaIsf Rm³ IWvSn«nÃ. aq¯ aI\p cWvSp a¡fpWvSv. B sIm¨pa¡Ä Ct¶hsc Cu \mSpw ChnsSbpÅ Fs¶bpw IWvSn«nÃ. B sIm¨p§fpsS Hcp t^mt«m t]mepw aI³ Ab¨pX¶n«nÃ: A]qÀhasænepw, thZ\bpsS Bg§fn XIÀ¶pt]mb PohnXIYbmWv Cu A[ym]I³ CSdnapdnª hnem]kzc¯n ]dbp¶sX¶p hyàambncp¶p. Bsctbm Im¯ncn¡p¶ apJ¯p\n¶p I®oscmgpIp¶Xpw XebneqsS hncepIÄ ]cXp¶Xpw ImWmambncp¶p.

Iªn Xcm\pw IcwXm§m\pw ASp¯Imewhsc AhfpWvSmbncp¶p. a¡Ä \ÂInb Xnàm\p`h§fn lrZbw \pdp§n tIm«bs¯ ho«n Ignbpt¼mÄ s]s«¶pWvSmb ]£mLmX¯nemWp `mcy acn¨sX¶p ]dªv {]^kÀ \ãZpJ§fpsS A\p`hw XpSÀ¶p.

""]dªm hnizmkw hcnÃmbncn¡pw \n§Ä¡v. Fsâ `mcy, AXmbXp s]äp hfÀ¯nb A½, acn¨psh¶v Adnbn¨n«p arXkwkvImc¯n\p hcm³ cWvSmas¯ aI\p kabw In«nbnÃt]mepw. \mep Znhkw tIm«bw Imcn¯mkv Bip]{Xn tamÀ¨dnbn arXtZlw Rm³ kq£n¨p. cWvSma\pw acpaIfpw AhcpsS Ipªpw hcnsöp XoÀ¨bmbtXmsS IpSpw_¡Ãdbn kwkvImcw \S¯n. aäp a¡Ä F{Xbpw s]s«¶v AS¡p \S¯Wsa¶ \nÀ_Ô¡mcmbncp¶p.''

""Fsâ IpSpw_¡Ãdbnse Ahkm\s¯ kwkvImcamWv A¶p tIm«b¯p \S¯nbsX¶p a\kp ]dbp¶p. Rm³ acn¡pt¼mÄ a¡fpw acpa¡fpw sIm¨pa¡fpsam¶pw hcm\nSbnÃtÃm. Cu\nebn Bephbnse s]mXpivaim\¯n F§m\pambncn¡mw F\n¡v A´yhn{iaw:'' Ime¯nsâ hgn sXänb tIme§sf¸än {]apJ\mb Ncn{X A[ym]I³ \odp¶ A\p`h§Ä ]dªpXoÀ¯t¸mÄ Hcp Zpc´IY tI« {]XoXnbmbncp¶p a\knÂ.

dn«tbÀUv PnÃm PUvPn, {]ikvX\mb {Inan\ A`n`mjI³, tXm«w DSa XpS§nbhscms¡ {]^kdpsS sXm«Sp¯ hnÃIfn a¡Ä¡p aSp¯hcmbn Ignbp¶psWvS¶v AhnsS FgpXnh¨ncn¡p¶ hnemk§fn \n¶p hmbn¨dnªp. k¦oÀWamb tIkpIfn \oXnbpàamb hn[n {]kvXmhn¨ \ymbm[n]\pw PohnX¯n kz´w a¡fnÂ\n¶p \oXn e`n¨nÃ. tImSXnIfn Ime§tfmfw \nbaw Xe\mcng Iodnb h¡oen\pw PohnXkmbmÓ¯n hn[n A\pIqeambn `hn¡p¶nÃ.

]¯p apX 25hsc e£w cq] \nt£]ambn \ÂIn e£zdn s]bvUv tlmw, dn«bÀsaâv hnà F¶n§s\ hntijWapÅ htbm[nI aµnc§fpsSbpw ChnS§fn \niÐPohnXw \bn¨p acW¯n\p ImtXmÀ¡p¶ htbm[nIcpsSbpw F®w Hmtcm Znhkhpw s]cpIpIbmWv. apf¨ps]m´p¶ hnÃIfn NnesXms¡ em`w e£ywhbv¡p¶ a\pjyþ hmWnPy Øm]\§fmbn amdnbn«pWvSv. NneXmhs« At§bäw amXrIm]camb kwc£WtI{µ§fpamsW¶p ImWm\mbn.

amXm]nXm¡sf htbm[nI aµnc§fn Gev]n¨p ]Ww \ÂIn \mSphnSp¶ a¡Ä GsdbmWv. aäp Nnecmhs« kz´w hoSpw IpSpw_hpw hnäpw dn«bÀsaâv B\pIqey¯pI \ÂInbpw dn«bÀsaâv hnÃIÄ kz´am¡p¶p. henb hnÃIfn Hcp apdn hm§nsbSp¯v Aev]w `£Ww Ign¨p Ignbp¶hcpapWvSv. amks]³j³ A¸msS \ÂIn AKXnaµnc§fn ]mÀ¸pd¸n¨hscbpw ImWm\mbn.

tUmÎÀ, F³Pn\nbÀ, A[ym]IÀ XpS§n kap¶X ]ZhnIfn Pohn¨v a¡sf D¶X\neIfn F¯n¨hcmWv C¯cw hnÃIfnse At´hmknIÄ Gsdbpw. AÑ\½amsc e£zdn hnÃbn ]mÀ¸n¨n«mWp X§Ä h¶ncn¡p¶sX¶p kplr¯p¡tfmSp KÀhv ]dbp¶ a¡Ä hntZiaebmfnIfn Nnesc¦nepapWvSv. s\Sp¼mticnbn hnam\and§n BWvSnsemcn¡Â AÑ\½amsc ImWm\pÅ, hntZi ]ucXzw t\Snb a¡fpsS XmXv]cyw ap¶n IWvSmWv FdWmIpfw PnÃbn am{Xw C¯cw \mep hnÃIÄIqSn ]WnXoÀ¯psImWvSncn¡p¶Xv.

a¡fpsS AhKW\bpw Dt]£bpw ]oU\hpw kln¡m\mhmsX dn«bÀsaâv hnÃIÄ kz´am¡nbhcpw ChnsSbpWvSv. Im¡\m«pÅ tI{µ¯n ap³IqÀ ]Ww \ÂIn shbnänwKv enÌn CSwt\Snbncn¡p¶hÀ 30 t]cmWv. Hcp sImïn\pÅn kuIcy{]Zamb Øe¯p hnà ]WnXp \ÂImsa¶ [mcWbnemWp ]Ww \ÂInbn«pÅXv.

PohnX¯nsâ km¼¯nI \o¡nbncp¸v A¸msS \ÂIn A´yZn\§fn XeNmbv¡m³ CSwIsWvS¯nbhÀ¡mbn 46 dn«bÀsaâv tlmapIfmWv tIcf¯n Ct¸mgpÅXv. hntZit¯¡pÅ {]bmWw AXnthK¯nembn AhnS§fn ]ucXzw t\Snb {]hmknIÄ IqSpXepÅ ]¯\wXn«, FdWmIpfw, tIm«bw, XriqÀ PnÃIfmWv C¡mcy¯n ap¶nepÅXv. amkw 10,000 apX 25,000 hsc cq] {]Xn^ew \ÂIn dn«bÀsaâv tlmapIfn F¯ns¸«hcpapWvSv.

Beph bpkn tImfPn\p kao]w {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ Nmt¡m KmÀU³kv dn«bÀsaâv tlman 60 Xmak¡mcpÅXmbn amt\PÀ hyàam¡n. ]pXpXmbn ]WnXpsImWvSncn¡p¶ 12 apdnIfnte¡p _p¡nwKv ]qÀ¯nbmbn¡gnªp. 11 e£w cq] AS¨hÀ¡v apdnbpw AXnYnIsf kzoIcn¡m\pÅ CShpw Ahiyw ^ÀWn¨dpw \ÂIpw. `£W¯n\p Ign¡p¶ t\c¯n\\pkcn¨p XpI \ÂIWw. Fkn XpS§nb kuIcy§Ä Bhiysa¦n apdnbn hm§nhbv¡mw. 60 hbkp IgnªhÀ¡p am{XamWv {]thi\w. BgvNbn cWvSp Znhkw kuP\y saUn¡Â sN¡¸pWvSv.

]cklmbw thWvShÀ kz´w sNehn tlmw \gvkns\ hbvt¡WvSnhcpt¼mÄ 12,000 cq] i¼fw \ÂIWw. Xmakw XpS§n Hcp hÀj¯n\pÅn Xmak¡mc³ acn¨m 10 iXam\w Ipd¨v AShp XpI _Ôp¡Ä¡v Xncn¨p \ÂIpw. C¯c¯n Hmtcm hÀjw Ignbpt´mdpw BsI AShn 10 iXam\w hoXw XpI Ipdbpw.

kz´w kwkvImcs¨ehn\pÅ XpIhsc ap³IqÀ \ÂInbhcpw F§s\ arXkwkvImcw \S¯Wsa¶v hnÂ]{Xw FgpXn \ÂInbhcpw AKXnaµnc§fn IpdhÃ. a¡fpsS {IqcX kln¡m\mhmsX arXtZlw saUn¡Â tImfPn\p \ÂIWsa¶pw a¡Ä¡pw _Ôp¡Ä¡pw \ÂIcpsX¶pw FgpXn\ÂInbhcpw AKXnaµnc§fnepWvSv.

Ccp]Xp\ne ^vfmäv \nÀan¨p hn¡p¶ em`w dn«bÀsaâv hnÃIÄ \nÀan¨v hnäm In«nsömWp sIm¨nbnse {]apJ ^vfmäv \nÀamXm¡Ä ]dbp¶Xv. htbm[nIsc ]mÀ¸n¡m³ Hä\ne hoSpIÄ am{Xta ]äp. htbm[nIcpsS hnÃIfpw CXnt\mSptNÀ¶p hymbmaþ hn{iatI{µ§fpw ]Wnbm³ IpdªXv cWvSv G¡À Øew kuIcy{]Zamb Øe¯p In«Ww. kpc£nXamb NpäpaXnepw tKäpw Imh¡mc\pw thWvSnhcpw.

am\knIhpw imcocnIhpamb Gsd {]iv\§fpÅhcmWp ]et¸mgpw At´hmknIfmbn F¯pI. ]cmXnbpw ]cn`h§fpw am{Xsa ChcnÂ\n¶p tIÄ¡m\mIq. NnInÕ, acp¶v, `£Ww XpS§n FÃm Imcy§fnepw Gsd {i² thWvShcmWv ChscÃmw. InS¸mIpt¼mÄ tlmw \gvknsâ klmbw thWvSnhcpw. acn¨v Adnbn¨m a¡Ä ]et¸mgpw kab¯p hcnItbm arXtZlw Gäphm§pItbm sN¿Wsa¶nÃ. \nba\S]SnIÄ ]eXpw ]qÀ¯nbm¡n aXmNmc{]Imcw arXkwkvImcw \St¯WvSnhcmdpWvSv. a¡sf¯nbmÂXs¶ BgvNItfmfw tamÀ¨dnbn kq£nt¡WvSnhcpw.

a¡fpw _Ôp¡fpw arXtZlw Gäphm§m³ hcp¶nsæn AKXnaµnc¯nsâ NpaXe¡mÀ F´p sN¿pw? C§s\sbmcp kmlNcys¯ ap¶n¡WvSmWv s]m³Ip¶w sN§fw tagvkn Bip]{XntbmSp tNÀ¶ tagvkn \nhmkv sN§fw skâv BâWokv ]Ån skant¯cnbn Hcp IÃd hnesImSp¯p hm§nbncn¡p¶sX¶v AhnsS tkh\a\pjvTn¡p¶ knÌÀ tUm. X¦½ hÀKokv ]dªp.

cWvSp a¡fpÅ t{Xkym½ F¶ F¬]¯mdpImcn tagvkn \nhmknepWvSv. A¸³ acn¨tXmsS kz¯ns\s¨mÃnbpWvSmb XÀ¡w cWvSp a¡fpw X½n Ct¸mgpw XpScpIbmWv. aI³ A½bv¡p hm§ns¡mSp¯ Hcp ]hsâ ame AKXnaµnc¯nse¯n aIÄ X{´]cambn ssIhis¸Sp¯n. ASp¯bnsS t{Xkym½ Ipfnapdnbn hoWv ImsemSnªt¸mÄ cWvSp a¡sfbpw amdn amdn hnfns¨¦nepw Hcmfpw ImWm³ h¶nÃ. Ahkm\w AhnSs¯ knÌÀamÀXs¶ Bip]{Xnbn t{Xkym½sb ip{iqjn¨p.

Fcnbp¶ s\cnt¸mSp t]msebmWv a¡Ä Dt]£n¡p¶ AÑ\½amcpsS a\kv. DuWnepw Dd¡¯nepw hnt\mZ¯nepw AkzØamb a\tkmsS \odp¶hcpsS A\p`h§fmWv knÌÀ X¦½ ]¦ph¨Xv.

tcmKhpw ]oUIfpw Hcphi¯v. a¡Ä C\n hcnsö Xncn¨dnhv adphi¯v. Cu\nebn Znhk§tfmfw XoÀYmS\ tI{µ§fnte¡p bm{X t]mhpIbpw Aim´amb a\tkmsS Xncn¨phcnIbpw sN¿p¶ A[ym]I Z¼XnIfpsS s\m¼c§Ä knÌÀ hniZoIcn¨p. ]membn kz´ambn hoSpw kz¯papÅ Cu A[ym]IÀ¡p ho«n X\n¨pInS¡m\pÅ `bhpw AKXnaµnc¯n CSw hm§nsbSp¡m³ asämcp ImcWambn.

amXm]nXm¡sf AYhm apXnÀ¶ ]uc³amsc A\mYmeb¯nepw s]cphgnbnepw Dt]£n¡p¶ {]hWX hÀ[n¨phcp¶ kmlNcy¯nemWv htbmP\ kwc£W \nbaw ]mÀesaân ]mkm¡nbXv. 2007 Unkw_À H¼Xn\p cmjv{S]Xn H¸ph¨ \nbaw 2008 sk]väw_À H¶n\p {]m_ey¯nÂh¶p. {Inan\ \S]Sn \nba¯nse 125mw hIp¸nse ]cnanXnIÄ¡p ]cnlmcambmWp amXm]nXm¡fpsSbpw apXnÀ¶ ]uc³amcpsSbpw kpc£bv¡v BÎv 56 Hm^v 2007 sImWvSph¶Xv.

B[mcw, CãZm\w, hnÂ]{Xw F¶nh ssIhis¸Sp¯nbtijw Ahsc kwc£n¡mXncn¡pItbm aXnbmb NnInÕbpw Blmchpw \ÂImXncn¡pItbm sNbvXm Cu \nba {]ImcapÅ ss{S_yqWen ]cmXn \ÂImw. ]cmXn icnsb¶p t_m[ys¸«m tcJmaqetam AÃmsXsbm \ÂInb kz¯phIIfpw tcJIfpw Akm[phmbn {]Jym]n¡m³ \nbaw A\pimkn¡p¶p.

tI{µw ]mkm¡nb htbmP\ \nbaw tIcf¯n C\nbpw \S¸m¡nbn«nÃ. \nbaw tIcfw AwKoIcn¨n«psWvS¦nepw CXpkw_Ôn¨ N«§Ä kwØm\w cq]hXvIcn¡m¯XmWp ImcWw. \nba¯n\v AwKoImcw \ÂIn cWvSphÀj¯n\pÅn N«§Ä Xbmdm¡Wsa¶mWp tI{µkÀ¡mÀ \nÀtZin¡p¶Xv. \nba¯nse 23þmw D]hIp¸nsâ Imcy¯n kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ \ne]msSSp¯n«nÃ. \nbaw ap³Ime {]m_eyt¯msS \S¸m¡p¶Xv kw_Ôn¨pÅXmWv Cu hIp¸v.

hkvXpZm\hpw kwc£WmhImihpw kw_Ôn¨p kp{][m\amb hyhØbmWp sk£³ 23(1) DÄs¸Sp¯nbncn¡p¶Xv. hkvXpssIamä \nba¯nÂ\n¶p hyXykvXambn kwc£W D]m[ntbmsS htbmP\§Ä kz¯pZm\w sNbvXm hkvXpssIamäw sNbvXpIn«nb BÄ¡v Cu kwc£Ww \ÂIm\pÅ _m[yXbpWvSmhpw. ssIamäw sNbvXpIn«nbhÀ Cu kwc£Ww \ÂIp¶nsæn ssIamäw km[phsöp {]Jym]n¡m\pÅ A[nImcw htbmP\§Ä¡v DWvSmIpw. Cu ]cnc£m \nbaw \S¸n h¶Xn\ptijapÅ ssIamä§Ä¡mWp _m[Iam¡nbn«pÅXv. CXp ap³Ime{]m_eyt¯msS _m[Iam¡Wsa¦n sk£³ 23 t`ZKXn hcp¯Ww. C¡mcy¯n tIcfw hyàamb \ne]mSv C\nbpw kzoIcn¨n«nÃ.

htbmP\§Ä¡v Ht«sd AhImi§fpw B\pIqey§fpw Dd¸m¡p¶XmWp ]pXnb htbmP\ \nbaw. htbmP\§Ä¡p t\cnt«m 1860se skmsskän BÎv {]Imcw cPnÌÀ sNbvX k¶²kwLS\IÄ hgntbm sk£³ Ggv {]Imcw cq]hXvIcn¡s¸Sp¶ s{sS_yqWen ]cmXnIÄ \ÂImw. PnÃm Bip]{XnIfn {]tXyI NnInÕmkuIcy§Ä DÄs¸sS t£ahpw kwc£Whpw \nbaw Dd¸phcp¯p¶p.

B`y´chIp¸nsâ taÂt\m«¯n htbmP\kpc£ F¶ ]²Xn tIcf¯n XpS§psa¶p IgnªhÀjw {]Jym]\apWvSmsb¦nepw XpSÀ \S]SnIÄ DWvSmbnÃ. ]cmXnIÄ Hm¬sse\mbn kzoIcn¡p¶Xn\pw ]cnlmcw ImWp¶Xn\pambn ko\nbÀ knänk¬ kÀhokv _yqtdmIÄ {]hÀ¯\w XpS§psa¶pw t]meoknsâ t\XrXz¯n FÂUÀ sse³ s\ävhÀ¡v kwhn[m\w GÀs¸Sp¯psa¶pambncp¶p {]Jym]\w.

htbmP\, hnIemwKkulrZamb coXnbn sI«nS \nÀamW¨«w t`ZKXn hcp¯psa¶pw ]uc·mÀ¡mbn {]tXyI BtcmKy C³jzd³kn\p cq]w \ÂIpsa¶pw {]Jym]n¨XÃmsX t\«sam¶papWvSmbnÃ.

(XpScpw)


d_À {]XnkÔn AXncpIS¡pt¼mÄ

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Fw.Fw. tPmk^v

d_À IÀjIÀ ZpcnXa\p`hn¡m³ XpS§nbn«p hÀjw cWvSp Ignbp¶p. CXnt\mSIw d_À hne 248 cq]bnÂ\n¶p 142.50 cq]bntebv¡p Xmgv¶p. ]{X¯nse hne 142.50 cq] BsW¦nepw ssIbn In«p¶ hne 130 Xmsg.

CXv BtKmf {]Xn`mk¯nsâ `mKamsW¶v A[nImcnIÄ `wKnhm¡p ]dbpsa¦nepw Cu ZpchØ \½psS cmPy¯p krãns¨Sp¯XmWv. 60,000 S¬ d_dnsâ IpdhpWvSmbncp¶ Øm\¯v aq¶c e£w S¬ Cd¡paXn sNbvXp. BtKmf It¼mf¯nse A\pIqe kmlNcyw apXseSp¯psImWvSp XXv]cI£nIÄ Cd¡paXn \nÀtem`w XpScpIbpw sN¿p¶p. CXp d_À Irjn taJesb FhnsS F¯n¡psa¶p tI{µhpw tIcfhpw `cn¡p¶ kÀ¡mcpItfm Cd¡paXn sN¿p¶ hyhkmbnItfm Adnbp¶tXbnÃ. Cu t]m¡v d_À Irjnsb kÀh\mi¯nte¡mbncn¡pw F¯n¡pI.

X\nsb Sm¸psN¿p¶hcpw h³InS tXm«¡mcpw HgnsI asäÃmhcpw Sm¸nwKpw aäp Irjn¸WnIfpw \nÀ¯nh¨ncn¡p¶p. ImcWw IqensImSp¯p ]WnsbSp¸n¨m \ãambncn¡pw kw`hn¡pI. Cu \ãw \nI¯m\pÅ amÀKw sNdpInS IÀjIÀ¡nÃ. AhcpsS tXm«¯nsâ icmicn hnkvXoÀWw shdpw 0.54 slÎÀ am{Xw. ChÀ¡p aäp hcpam\amÀK§Ä H¶pw CÃXm\pw. NneÀ ss[cyw kw`cn¨p d_À apdn¨pamän aäp IrjnIfnte¡p Xncnbm³ XpS§nbn«pWvSv. C§s\ Nn´n¡p¶hÀ CSp¡n PnÃbnse IÀjIcpsS amXrIbmbncn¡Ww kzoIcn¡pI.

hÀj§Ä¡pap¼v CSp¡n PnÃbnse {][m\ hcpam\amÀKambncp¶ IpcpapfIpIrjn {ZpXhm«w F¶ tcmKw _m[n¨p \in¨pt]mbn. Hcp\nanjw AhÀ A´n¨p\ns¶¦nepw kmhImiw ss[cyw kw`cn¨v A\pIqeamb aäp IrjnIfnte¡p {]thin¨p. Pe¯nsâ e`yXbpÅnS¯p PmXn IrjnsNbvXp. Irjns¨ehpw kwc£Ws¨ehpw Ipdhv. aq¶p hÀjwsImWvSp hnfshSp¡mw. hnfshSp¸n\v Bscbpw B{ibnt¡WvS. kmam\yw \à hnebpw e`n¡p¶pWvSv. \qdp hÀj¯nÂIqSpX BbpkpÅXpsImWvSv BhÀ¯\Irjnbpw sNt¿WvSXnÃ. Hcp hyhkmbnbpsSbpw k½ÀZ¯nt\m `ojWnt¡m hgt§WvSXpanÃ.

shůnsâ e`yX¡pdhpÅ Øe¯pÅhÀ ]pÃp\«p ]iphns\ hfÀ¯p¶p. aäp NneÀ sImt¡m¡rjnbn GÀs¸«p. C¶v CSp¡n PnÃbnse IÀjIÀ kt´mjt¯mSpw kam[m\t¯mSpwIqSn Ignbp¶p. C¶v BZmbw Xcp¶Xpw sNehp IpdªXpw Ffp¸w hnfhpXcp¶Xpamb ]pXpXeapd IrjnIÄ [mcmfapWvSv. CSp¡n Pnámsct¸mse d_ÀIÀjIcpw ]pXnb IrjnIÄ tXSnt¸mbm Ahsc Ipäs¸Sp¯m³ ]änÃ.

tIcf¯nsâ km¼¯nI \s«Ãmb d_À Irjnsbbpw IÀjIscbpw _m[n¨ncn¡p¶ At[mKXnbpsS Bghpw ]c¸pw F{X hepXmsW¶p cmPyw `cn¡p¶ `cWIÀ¯m¡tfm P\tkh\¯n\v Cd§n¯ncn¨ncn¡p¶ cmjv{Sob {]`p¡·mtcm Adnbp¶tXbnÃ. ]{´WvSp e£t¯mfw hcp¶ IÀjI IpSpw_§fpw Ahsc B{ibn¨p Ignbp¶ sXmgnemfn IpSpw_§fpw ]Xn\mbnc¯n¸cw hym]mcn IpSpw_§fpw Ahsc B{ibn¨p Ignbp¶ sXmgnemfn IpSpw_§fpw F§s\ Pohn¡p¶p F¶v Chcmcpw Adnbp¶tXbnÃ. F¶mÂ, AS¨p]q«nb 418 _mÀ tlm«epIfnse apXemfnamscbpw AhcpsS sXmgnemfnIsfbpw HmÀ¯v apXe¡®oÀ s]mgn¡m¯ P\{]Xn\n[nIÄ \½psS kwØm\¯ptWvSm?

CXn\p kam\amb {]XnkÔn d_À taJebnepWvSmbXv 1939þ s]m«n¸pds¸« cWvSmw temIalmbp²Ime¯mWv. A¶p d_ÀIrjn C´ybn thcpd¸n¨p hcp¶tXbpÅq. sNdpInS tXm«¡mcpsS F®w hfsc Ipdhmbncp¶p. DXv]mZ\hpw Ipdhmbncp¶p. hyhkmbimeIÄ H¶pw DWvSmbncp¶nÃ. DXv]mZn¸n¡p¶ d_À A{Xbpw ]pdwcmPy§fn sImWvSpt]mbn DXv]¶§fmbn XncnsI sImWvSphcnIbmbncp¶p sNbvXncp¶Xv.

bp²w sImSp¼ncns¡mWvStXmsS d_dnsâ IbäpaXn ]mtS \ne¨p. AtXmsS d_À hm§m³ BfnÃmsXbmbn. IÀjIÀ Iã¯nepambn. \nhr¯nbnÃmsX AhÀ d_À sh«n\o¡n aäp IrjnIfnte¡p Xncnbm³ XpS§n. CXnse A]ISw a\knem¡nb A¶s¯ `cWm[nImcnbmbncp¶ cmPmhv, klmbhpamsb¯n. IÀjIÀ¡v Bhiyamb \ntXym]tbmK hkvXp¡fmb Acn, as®®, ]©kmc, XpWn F¶nh tXm«¯nsâ hnkvXoÀW¯n\v B\p]mXnIambn kuP\y\nc¡n hnXcWwsNbvXp. Cu ]²Xn¡p d_À tIzm« F¶mWp ]dªncp¶Xv.

bp²w Ahkm\n¡pIbpw C´y¡p kzmX{´yw e`n¡pIbpw sNbvXtXmsS cmPy¯p aäp hyhkmb§tfmsSm¸w d_À hyhkmbhpw s]m«napfbv¡pIbpw hfÀ¶p hepXmIpIbpw sNbvXp. F¶mÂ, Bhiy¯nsemcp sNdnb Awiw d_À am{Xta ChnsS DXv]mZn¸n¨ncp¶pÅq. XnIbmsXh¶ d_À A\ycmPy§fnÂ\n¶v Cd¡paXn sNt¿WvSXmbn h¶p. CXn\p henbtXmXn hntZi\mWyw sNehmt¡WvSXmbpw h¶p.

CsXmgnhm¡m\pw d_dnsâ DXv]mZ\w hÀ[n¸n¨p kzbw]cym]vXXbn F¯n¡m\pambn d_À t_mÀUn\pw d_À dnkÀ¨v C³Ìnäyq«n\pw (BÀBÀsFsF) XpS¡wIpdn¨p. ITn\m[zm\hpw AÀ¸Wt_m[hpapÅ d_Àt_mÀUnse hnIkt\mtZymKØÀ, BÀBÀsFsFbn IsWvS¯p¶ \qX\ kmt¦XnIhnZyIfpw DXv]mZ\tijn IqSnb \So hkvXp¡fpw IÀjIcnse¯n¡pIbpw IÀjIÀ AXp IrjnbnS¯n \S¸m¡pIbpw sNbvXp. ^ew AZv`pXmhlambncp¶p.

1950 cmPys¯ d_ÀIrjnØe¯nsâ hnkvXoÀWw 74,915 slÎdpw DXv]mZ\w shdpw 15,831 S®pambncp¶p. DXv]mZ\£aX 284 Intem{Kmapw. C¶p d_ÀIrjnØe¯nsâ hnkvXoÀWw 7,59,000 slÎdpw DXv]mZ\w 9,13,700 S®pw DXv]mZ\£aX 1813 Intem{KmapamWv. DXv]mZ\£aXbn C´y C¶v H¶mwØm\¯pw DXv]mZ\¯n \memw Øm\¯pw D]tbmK¯n aq¶mwØm\¯pw F¯n\n¡p¶p. C{X henb cmjv{Stkh\w sNbvX C¶m«nse d_À IÀjIcpsS ZpxJ¯n\pw ZpcnX¯n\pw t\scbmWp tI{µþ kwØm\ `cWm[nImcnIÄ apJwXncn¨p \n¡p¶Xv.

CXn\ÀYw ChnSs¯ d_À Irjnsb Zbmh[¯n\p hnt[bam¡m³ Xocpam\n¨ncn¡p¶p F¶mtWm? AXn\p sXfnhmWv Cu hÀjs¯ tI{µ _Päv hnlnXambn d_À t_mÀUn\p shdpw 157.5 tImSn cq] e`n¨Xv. Hcp Intem{Kmw d_dn\p cWvSp cq] \nc¡n skkv ]ncns¨Sp¡p¶ 117 tImSn cq] DÄs¸sSbmWv CsXt¶mÀ¡Ww. Cu XpIbn DtZymKØcpsS i¼fhpw dn«bÀ sNbvXhcpsS s]³j\pw sImSp¯pIgnªv IÀjI\p \ÂIm\mbn H¶pwXs¶ ImWpIbnÃ. d_À t_mÀUn\p IgnªhÀjw In«nb hnlnXw 167.59 tImSnbmbncp¶p F¶pw HmÀ¡Ww.

F¶mÂ, Cs¡mÃs¯ tI{µ _Pän KwKm]cn]me\¯n\pw KwKm\Znbnse kv\m\L«§Ä ]p\À\nÀan¡m\pw B[p\nIhXvIcn¨v tamSn]nSn¸n¡m\pambn 2037 tImSn cq]bmWp hIsImÅn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. IqSmsX lcnZzmÀ, Im¬]qÀ, hmcWmkn, Aelm_mZv, ]mSv\, UÂln, F¶nhnS§fnse \ZoXS§Ä hnIkn¸n¡m\pw kuµcyhXvIcn¡m\pwthWvSn asämcp 100 tImSn IqSn IqsS \o¡nh¨ncn¡p¶p. ]mhs¸« d_À IÀjItcmSp ImWn¨ AhKW\ F{X hepXmsW¶v CXnÂ\n¶p a\knem¡matÃm. CXns\Xntc tIcfw `cn¡p¶htcm IÀjIZmk·msc¶pw IÀjI c£Isc¶pw {]kwKn¨p\S¡p¶ cmjv{Sob]mÀ«n t\Xm¡tfm {]XnIcn¨Xmbn ImWp¶nÃ.

ZpcnX¯nsâ ]SpIpgnbn F¯nbncn¡p¶ d_À taJebnÂs¸« IÀjIÀ¡pw sXmgnemfnIÄ¡pw hym]mcnIÄ¡pw sXmgnemfnIÄ¡pw Bizmkw ]Icm\mbn tI{µþ kwØm\ kÀ¡mcpIfpw d_À t_mÀUpw DWÀ¶p {]hÀ¯nt¡WvSnbncn¡p¶p.

kwØm\kÀ¡mÀ sNt¿WvSXv

tIcf¯n DXv]mZn¸n¡p¶ d_dnsâ hnebpsS A©p iXam\w kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ \nIpXnbmbn ]ncn¡p¶pWvSv. Cu C\¯n 800 tImSn cq] Hcp hÀjw e`n¡p¶p. CXnÂ\n¶v Hcp cq]t]mepw d_À Irjn taJebn sNehm¡p¶nÃ. AXpsImWvSp d_À \bw cq]oIcn¨p hneØncX Dd¸phcp¶Xphsc CS¡memizmksa¶ \nebn 50,000 S¬ d_À hm§n kq£n¡Ww. 180 cq]bn Ipdbm¯ hne \ÂIWw.

Hcp Intembv¡v ssIImcys¨ehn\¯n 20 cq] DÄs¸sS Hcp Intembv¡v 200 cq] \nc¡n 50,000 S¬ d_À hm§m³ Bbncw tImSn cq] thWvSnhcpw. Cu XpI kwØm\ kÀ¡mcpw tI{µkÀ¡mcpw Xpeyambn apS¡Ww. A\pIqe kmlNcyw hcpt¼mÄ Cu d_À hnäv apS¡nb XpI hosWvSSp¡mhp¶XpamWv. Cu C\¯n CcpkÀ¡mcpIÄ¡pw Gsd \ãsam¶pw klnt¡WvSnhcnIbnÃ. F¶p am{Xaà ap§n¯mgp¶ IÀjIÀ¡v Hcp]nSnhÅnbmIpIbpw sN¿pw.

tI{µkÀ¡mÀ sNt¿WvSXv

Km«v Icmdn\p hnt[bambn d_dnsâ Cd¡paXn \nb{´n¡Ww. Cu \nb{´Ww d_À \bw cq]hXvIcn¨p hneØncX Dd¸m¡p¶Xphsc XpScpIbpw thWw.

d_Àt_mÀUv sNt¿WvSXv

d_À IÀjIÀ C¶p t\cnSp¶ bYmÀY AhØ tI{µ¯nsâ {i²bnÂs¸Sp¯pIbpw IÀjIÀ¡\pIqeamb hn[¯n d_dnsâ \bcq]oIcW¯n Pm{KX ]peÀ¯pIbpw sN¿Ww.






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