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{]Xn]£ t\Xmhnt\mSp ]dbm\pÅXv

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^m. tdmbn hSt¡Â

CXphsc apJy[mcm cmjv{Sob t\Xm¡tfm {]ikvXcmb kmwkvImcnI \mbItcm am[ya§tfm CSs]SmsXbpw CSwsImSp¡msXbpancp¶ tIcf¯nse `n¶tijnbpÅ hyànIfpsS AhImi§sf¸än Hcp am[ya kwhmZw km[yam¡nbXn\p {]Xn]£ t\Xmhmb At§¡p \µn.

tIcf¯n `n¶tijnbpÅ hyànIÄ P\kwJym IW¡\pkcn¨v F«pe£t¯mfamWv. B hyànIfpsS amXm]nXm¡Ä, ktlmZc§Ä, _Ôp¡Ä F¶nhÀ IqSnt¨cp¶ A¼Xpe£t¯mfw aebmfnIfpsS Zpxklamb kzImcy ZpxJamWv aebmfnbpsS s]mXpkaqla\kv Ct¶mfw A{][m\am¡n XnckvIcn¨Xv. CXn\pÅ imizX ]cnlmc¯nsâ BZy]SnbmbmWv 292 kÀ¡mÀ AwKoIrX kvs]j kvIqfpIfn 33 F®w BZyL«¯n apJya{´n FbvUUv ]Zhnbnte¡v DbÀ¯nbXv. kÀ¡mÀ \nÝbn¨ am\ZWvU§Ä ]qÀWambpw ]men¡p¶, IÀi\amb ]cntim[\IÄ¡p hnt[bamb kvIqfpIÄ am{XamWp {]mYanI L«¯nepÅ Cu enÌn CSwt\Snbn«pÅXv.

9þ2þ2016 sNmÆmgvN tIcf¯nse Nne Zn\]{X§fn A§bptSXmbn h¶ {]kvXmh\, hmkvXhhncp²hpw sXän²mcWmP\IhpamsW¶v ]dtbWvSnhcp¶Xn R§Ä¡p tJZapWvSv. A§p ]cmaÀin¨ Imcy§sf¡pdn¨pÅ R§fpsS hkvXpXm]camb hm¡pIÄ A§v {i²n¡patÃm.

kvs]j kvIqfpIÄ¡v FbvUUv ]Zhn \ÂIp¶Xpambn _Ôs¸«v 15þ5þ2015  kÀ¡mÀ cWvSp D¯chpIfnd¡n F¶ A§bpsS {]kvXmh\ sXämWv. 15þ2þ2015  BZy D¯chnd§nbXn\ptijw aq¶p amk¯n\ptijamWv (25þ8þ2015) FbvUUv ]ZhnbpsS am\ZWvU§Ä hyàam¡p¶ cWvSmas¯ D¯chv ]pd¯nd§p¶Xv. cWvSmas¯ D¯chn 18 hbkn Xmsg 100þ IqSpX Ip«nIÄ DÅ kvIqfpIÄ¡v FbvUUv ]Zhn \ÂInbXn\ptijwam{Xw 50 Ip«nIfpÅ kvIqfpIfpw FbvUUv ]Zhn¡p ]cnKWn¡pw F¶mWp ]dªn«pÅXv. AÃmsX, Cu cWvSp¯chpw Hä Znhkw Cd§nbXÃ.

cWvSmas¯ D¯chn ]cmaÀiw H¶p {]Imcw \nÝbn¨n«pÅ kvs]j kvIqfpIfn ASnØm\ kuIcy§fn bmsXmcp CfhpIfpw A\phZn¡p¶Xà F¶mWp ]dªncn¡p¶Xv. H¸w A©p Ip«n¡v Hcp tSmbveäv, F«p Ip«n ]Tn¡p¶ Hcp ¢mkn\v 225 NXpc{i ASn hnkvXoÀWw F¶ A\p]mXamWv Cu D¯chnepÅXv kÀ¡mÀ AwKoImcapÅ HmÀ^t\PpIfn Xmakn¡p¶ Ip«nIÄ¡pt]mepw C{Xbpw tSmbveäv kuIcy§Ä ]dbp¶nÃ. A§bpsS {]XnIcW¯nepÅ "Ip«nIÄ¡p Xmakn¡m\pÅ kuIcyhpw kvIqfn thW"sa¶ ]cmaÀiw D¯chn ]dbp¶nÃ.

tIcf¯n kzImcytaJebnse FbvUUv ]ZhnbpÅ Hcp s]mXp hnZym`ymk Øm]\¯nepw AÔþ _[ncþ aqI kvs]j kvIqfpIfnepw A[ym]Iþ A\[ym]I \nba\w ]nFkvkn hgn Aà \S¡p¶Xv. CXphsc ]qÀW AhKW\ t\cn«ncp¶ `n¶tijnbpÅ hnZymÀYnIfpsS kvIqfpIfn am{Xw ]nFkvkn hgn A[ym]I \nba\w thWw F¶ ]nSnhmin Hcp Imcyw hyàam¡p¶pWvSv. {]Xn]£t\Xmhpw ap³ apJya{´nbpw tIcf¯nse sXmgnemfnhÀK¯nsâbpw ]mhs¸«hcpsSbpw AhImit¸mcmfn F¶p JymXnbpapÅ A§v, CXphsc X§fptSXÃm¯ ImcW§fm `n¶tijnbpÅhcmbn P\n¨ \nÊlmbcmb hnZymÀYnIÄ ]Tn¡p¶ GsX¦nepsamcp kvs]j kvIqfn Ip«nItfmsSm¸w Hcp an\näv t]mepw sNehgn¨n«pWvSmhnÃ. DsWvS¦n At§¡v C¯csamcp {]kvXmh\ \S¯m\mhnÃmbncp¶p.

ImcWw, `n¶tijnbpÅ hyànIfpsS ]T\þ ]cnioe\hpw ]cn]me\hpw hnZym`ymktbmKyXbpsS am{Xw ASnØm\¯n sN¿mhp¶XÃ. hnZymÀYnIfpw AhcpsS amXm]nXm¡fpw kvIqÄ amt\PvsaâpsaÃmambn lrZyamb _Ôhpw hnZym`ymktbmKyXbv¡¸pdw XymtKmPzeamb a\pjyXz¯nsâ amXrIbpw \ÂIp¶hcmWp kvs]j kvIqfnse A[ym]IÀ. ]nFkvkn hgn \nba\w e`n¡p¶hÀ¡p hnZqc Øe§fnepw tPmen sNt¿WvSXpWvSv. km[mcW FbvUUv kvIqfpIsft¸msebÃ, `n¶tijnbpÅhcpsS hnZym`ymkw F¶v Hcp kvs]j kvIqsf¦nepw kµÀin¡msX, Cu Ip«nItfmsSm¸w kabw sNehgn¡msX kmam\yt_m[apÅ BÀ¡pw a\knemhnÃ.

A[ym]I \nba\w kpXmcyam¡m³ FÃm kvs]j kvIqfpIfpw kÀ¡mcn\v GsäSp¯p \S¯nbm t]mtc F¶v A§p tNmZn¡p¶p. kzmX{´ym\´c tIcf¯n Ct¶mfw CSXpw heXpw amdnamdn `cn¨n«pw 292 kvs]j kvIqfpIfn kÀ¡mÀ \S¯p¶Xv Htcsbmcp kvs]j kvIqfpw ASp¯Ime¯p ]©mb¯n\pIogn XpS§nb GXm\pw _Uvkv kvIqfpIfpamWv. F´mWnXn\p ImcWw? A§v At\zjn¡patÃm.

A§sb Btcm sXän²cn¸n¨ncn¡p¶p F¶Xnsâ asämcp DZmlcWamWv 2011  tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ ]mkm¡nbXmbn A§p ]dbp¶ t]gvk¬ hn¯v Unsk_nenän BIvSntesX¶p ]dbp¶ ]cmaÀi§Ä. bYmÀY¯n 2011þ tI{µkÀ¡mÀ A§s\ Hcp BIvSv ]mkm¡nbn«nÃ. t]gvk¬ hn¯v Unsk_nenän BIvSv tI{µkÀ¡mÀ ]mkm¡nbXv 1995þemWv. AXnÂt¸mepw A§v kqNn¸n¨ sI«nS¯nsâ cq]Iev]\sb¸än ]cmaÀianÃ.

tIcf¯nse FÃm PnÃIfnepw kPohambn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶, `n¶tijnbpÅ Ip«nIfpsS amXm]nXm¡fpsS tZiob kwLS\bmb "]cnhmÀ', 25 hÀj§fmbn kvs]j kvIqfpIÄ¡v FbvUUv ]Zhn \evIWsa¶v \nc´cw kÀ¡mcpItfmSv Bhiys¸Sp¶pWvSv. GtXm Hcp c£mIÀ¯mhv \evInb ]cmXnsb tIcf¯nse FÃm c£mIÀ¯m¡fpsSbpw A`n{]mbambn ]cnKWn¡pIbpw kÀ¡mÀ AwKoIrX kwLS\bmb "]cnhmÀ tIcf"sb A§p ]cnKWn¡mXncn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶Xv F´n\mWv? A§v kqNn¸n¨ temImbpàbn kaÀ¸n¡s¸« lÀPn¡v FXntc, ]cnhmÀtIcfbpw Cu taJebnse aäv FÃm kwLS\Ifpw FXnÀI£nbmbn lÀPn kaÀ¸n¨n«papWvSv.

`n¶tijnbpÅ hnZymÀYnIsf sdKpeÀ kvIqfpIfn Abbv¡p¶Xns\¸än A§p ]dbp¶pWvStÃm. C¶p tIcf¯n sF.C.Un.Fkv.Fkv. / sF.C.Un.kn. hn`mK§fnembn 40 iXam\¯n A[nIw FÃmhn[ sshIey§fpapÅ 70,000  Xmsg Ip«nIÄ ]Tn¡p¶pWvSv. 40 iXam\¯n Xmsg sshIeyapÅ 40,000þ Hmfw Ip«nIfpw dKpeÀ kvIqÄ hnZymÀYnIfmbpsWvS¶mWv IW¡pIÄ kqNn¸n¡p¶Xv. ChÀ¡mbn 167 _n.BÀ.kn.Ifnembn 1600þHmfw A[ym]IcmWpÅXv.

sF.C.Un.Fkv.Fkv. hn`mK¯n 1400 þe[nIw kvIqfpIfnse sshIeyapÅ hnZymÀYnIÄ¡mbn 750 A[ym]IcpamWv \nehnepÅXv. sF.C.Un.knbn H¶papX F«phsc ¢mkpIÄ¡mbn Hcp ]©mb¯n Hcp So¨À F¶ \nebnemWv A[ym]I e`yX. amk¯nsemcn¡tem cWvSp XhWtbm am{XamWp `n¶tijnbpÅ Hcp hnZymÀYn¡v ]et¸mgpw A[ym]I ZÀi\w km[yamIp¶Xv. C{X ]cnanXamb kmlNcy¯nÂ, F´p ]cnioe\amWp `n¶tijnbpÅ hnZymÀYn¡p e`n¡p¶sX¶v BÀ¡pw Nn´n¨m a\knem¡mhp¶tXbpÅq.

am{XaÃ, FkvFkvFÂkn ]co£bv¡v H³]Xmw¢mknse Gähpw anI¨ hnZymÀYnsb kvss{I_m¡n ]co£ FgpXn¨v, F ¹kpIÄ Gsd hm§n ]¯mw¢mkv ]mkmbmepw {]mYanI Bhiy§fpsSt]mepw ]cnioe\¯n\mbn hoWvSpw ]Xn\mdmw hbkn Chsc kvs]j kvIqfpIfn tNÀ¡p¶sX´n\msW¶v A§v At\zjn¡ptam? ]¯mw¢mkv Pbn¨mepw X\nsb hkv{Xw [cn¡mt\m, `£Ww Ign¡mt\m {]mYanI Bhiy§Ä \nÀhln¡mt\m ]cnioe\w t\Sm³ hoWvSpw kvs]j kvIqfpIfnse¯p¶ C¯cw hnZymÀYnIfn ]ecpw _meywapX Cu ]cnioe\w t\Sn Ipsdsb¦nepw kzbw]cym]vXX t\Sp¶Xv Cu kvs]j kvIqfpIfn am{XamWv.

`n¶tijnbpÅ hnZymÀYnIsf AhcpsS _u²nI \neb\pkcn¨v \mep hn`mK§fmbn Xncn¨n«pWvSv. ssaÂUv, tamUtdäv, knhnbÀ, s{]m^uWvSv F¶o Xe§fn dKpeÀ kvIqfpIfn c£nXm¡Ä Abbv¡p¶Xv ]et¸mgpw ssaÂUv ImäKdnbnepÅ hnZymÀYnIsf am{XamWv.

aäp ImäKdnbnepÅ Ip«nIÄ kvIqÄ cPnÌdn shdpw A¡§Ä am{Xambn Ahtijn¡pIbpw ]et¸mgpw kvs]j kvIqfpIfn A`bw {]m]n¡pIbpw sN¿p¶Xv F´psImWvSv F¶pIqSn A§v At\zjn¡Wsa¶v A`yÀYn¡p¶p. kvs]j kvIqfpIÄ¡v FbvUUv ]Zhn \evInbm A[ym]I \nba\¯n AgnaXnbpWvSmIpw F¶ Bi¦ A§v {]ISn¸n¡p¶p. F¶mÂ, FbvUUv ]ZhnbpsS D¯chn \nehn tbmKyXbpÅ FÃm A[ym]Itcbpw \ne\nÀ¯Wsa¶p {]tXyIw \njvIÀjn¨n«pWvSv. AXn\m¯s¶ ]pXnb A[ym]I \nba\¯n\v km[yX IpdhmWv.am{XaÃ, 18 hbkphsc kuP\y hnZym`ymkw `cWLS\ \evIp¶ AhImiamWv. _p²n]camb shÃphnfn t\cnSp¶hÀ¡pam{Xw Cu AhImiw \ntj[n¡p¶Xv icnbmtWm?

Cu taJebn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ hnhn[ Atkmkntbj\pIfpw kwLS\Ifpw kvs]j kvIqfpIÄ FbvUUmIpt¼mÄ A[ym]Iþ A\[ym]I \nba\w kpXmcyam¡Wsa¶v IÀi\ambn \njvIÀjn¨n«pWvSv. am{XaÃ, {Iahncp²amb \S]SnIÄ \nco£n¡m³ kpiàamb kÀ¡mÀ kwhn[m\§Ä \ne\n¡pt¼mÄ, X§fpsS AhImi§Ä kz´ambn hmZn¡m³ IgnhnÃm¯ Cu hnZymÀYnIfpsS hnZym`ymk, ]cnioe\ km[yXIÄ¡v XSkw \n¡p¶Xp kmam\y\oXn¡p hncp²atÃ? hn`n¶ tijnbpÅhÀ¡pw aäp hnZymÀYnIsft¸mseXs¶ kuP\yhnZym`ymkw F¶ `cWLS\m AhImiw e`yam¡m³ ]cn{ian¨ apJya{´n D½³ NmWvSntbmsSm¸w A§pw ssItImÀ¯p\n¶psImWvSv, `n¶tijnbpÅhcpsS AhImi§Ä¡mbn t]mcmSp¶ Hcp \à \msfsb kz]v\w ImWp¶pWvSv am\hnI aqey§fn hnizkn¡p¶ tIcf P\X.

(kvs]j kvIqÄkv Atkmkntbj³ sNbÀam\mWp teJI³)

hmÀ[Iy¯nse akvXnjvIhpw \mUohyql tcmK§fpw

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tUm. kµo]v ]ß\m`³

{]mbm[nIyw aqew a\pjyicoc¯nepWvSmIp¶ amä§Äs¡m¸w akvXnjvI¯nepw \mUohyql¯nepapWvSmIp¶ hyXnbm\§Ä kp{][m\amWv. ap¸Xp hbknÂ\n¶v 80 hbkmIpt¼mtg¡pw akvXnjvI¯nsâ `mcw 20 iXam\w Ipdªn«pWvSmIpw. Nnecn hmÀ[Iy¯nsâ amä§Ä Ipdhmbncn¡pw. aäp Nnecn IqSpXepw. ]mc¼cyLSI§Ä AXn {][m\ ]¦v hln¡p¶p.

{]mbw hÀ[n¡pwtXmdpw Nn´mtijnbpw HmÀabpw Ipdbp¶p. Fgp]Xp hbkn\p apIfn CXp hfsc {]Xy£amWv. ]pXnb {]hÀ¯\Ime HmÀaIÄ \ne\nÀ¯m\pw a\x]mTam¡m\papÅ Ignhv Ipdbp¶p. _u²nIamb Ignhv Ipdhsænepw HmÀa XmcXtay\ Ipdªphcpw. C¯c¯nepÅ HmÀa¡pdhns\ Benign senescent forgetfulness F¶p hnfn¡mw. ]t£, HmÀa¡pdhv hÀ[n¨phcnItbm PohnXNcysb _m[n¡pItbm sN¿pIbnÃ. adhntcmK§fn ImWp¶ e£W§Ä Chcn DWvSmImdnÃ.

hmÀ[Iy¯n Ipd¨p hyànXz amä§Ä DWvSmtb¡mw. an¡hmdpw AXp hyànXz kz`mhhntij§fpsS IWniamb {]Xn^e\w am{Xambncn¡pw. PohnXssientbbpw ssZ\wZn\ PohnXt¯bpw _m[n¡p¶ hn[¯n Cu kz`mhhntij§Ä hfcmdnÃ. Imcyamb hyXnbm\§Ä adhntcmK¯nsâ e£Wambn IW¡m¡Ww.

{]mbtadpwtXmdpw icoc¯nsâ Ne\tijnbpw k¦oÀWamb {]hÀ¯\§fpsS Ignhpw Ipdbpw. \S¯¯nsâ thKhpw \nb{´Whpw Ipdbpw. NphSphbv]pIÄ IqSpX sNdpXmIpw. s]mXpth Iq\nb \S¯ambncn¡pw. F¬]Xp hbkn\ptaepÅ 30 iXam\w htbmPIÀ hÀj¯n Hcp XhWsb¦nepw hogpsa¶mWp IW¡pIÄ kqNn¸n¡p¶Xv.{]mbm[nIy¯n IWvSphcp¶ kvt{Sm¡v, ]mÀ¡n³k¬kv AkpJw apXemb tcmK§fn hogvNIÄ IqSpXembncn¡pw. hmÀ[Iy¯n hndb km[mcWamWv. Xe, XmSn, ssIIÄ, kwkmcw Chbn hndb A\p`hs¸Smw. ]e kµÀ`§fnepw CXp ]mÀ¡n³k¬ tcmK¯nsâtbm IpSpw_]camb hndb tcmK¯nsâtbm e£Wambncn¡mw. hmÀ[IyamIpt¼mÄ amwkt]inIÄ Npcp§mw. amwkt]inIfpsS hen¸hpw iànbpw Ipdbmw. am{Xaà \mUotImi§fpsS F®hpw Ipdbpw. F¬]Xv hbkn icmicn 50 iXam\w iàn¡pdhv A\p`hs¸Smw.

hmÀ[Iy¯nepWvSmIp¶ akvXnjvItcmK§fn {][m\s¸«Xp adhntcmKw AYhm Una³jybmWv. adhntcmK§fn BÂkvssltagvkv BWv ap¶nÂ. F¬]Xv hbkn\papIfn aq¶n HcmÄ¡v Cu AkpJ¯nsâ e£W§fpWvSv. Una³jy F¶ AkpJw adhntcmKw F¶p hnfn¡psa¦nepw HmÀabv¡p ]pdta ssZ\wZn\ PohnXs¯ _m[n¡p¶ Hcp]mSv _u²nIamb Xmf¸ngIfpw IWvSphcmdpWvSv.

Imcy§Ä Nn«bmbn sN¿m\pÅ Ignhv, Znimt_m[w, hgnbpw Øe§fpw a\knem¡m\pÅ Ignhv, IW¡pIq«epIÄ (KWnXw) apXemb Imcy§sf CXp kmcambn _m[n¡pw. X\n¡p tcmKapsWvS¶p ]et¸mgpw tcmKn AdnbpIbpanÃ. NnInÕIÄ ImcyambnÃm¯ C¯cw AkpJ§ÄsImWvSp _p²nap«p¶Xv tcmKnIfpsS ip{iqjIcpw IqSnbmWv. hmÀ[Iy¯n kvt{Sm¡v DWvSmIm\pÅ km[yXbpw GsdbmWv. lrt{ZmKw, lrZb¯n\pÅ Xmf¸ngIÄ, akvXnjvI¯nte¡pÅ cà[a\nIfpsS hyXnbm\§Ä, {]talw, càk½ÀZw Ch {][m\ ImcW§fmIp¶p. kvt{Sm¡nsâ e£W§Ä a\knem¡n AXnthKw Hcp Bip]{Xnbnse¯n¡pIbmsW¦n ASnb´c NnInÕ \evIm³ km[n¡pw. apJ¯nsâ tIm«w, ssIImepIfpsS XfÀ¨, kwkmc¯nse Ipg¨n Ch {][m\ e£W§fmWv. {]talw, càk½ÀZw, sImfkvt{SmÄ apXemb AhØIÄ \nb{´W¯nemIpt¼mÄ kvt{Sm¡v km[yXIÄ Ipdbpw.

(BÌÀ saUnknän ko\nbÀ kvs]jenÌpw \yqtdmfPnÌpamWp teJI³)

AgnaXnbpsS Icn\ngen B\µn s_³

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kwØm\ ]cyS\w / kn.sI. Ipcym¨³

{][m\a{´ns¡Xntc {]Xn]£¯n\p hoWvSpw hSn In«nbncn¡p¶p. _Päv kt½f\w Ie¡nadn¡m³t]m¶ Bbp[w Xs¶bmWp e`n¨ncn¡p¶Xpw. kz´w X«I¯nÂ\n¶mWv C¡pdn tamZn¡p {]lc¯n\p hIbpWvSmbXv F¶XmWp {it²bw. Ip«nIfpw IpSpw_hpsam¶pw ieys¸Sp¯m¯ tamZn¡p ]t£ hnizkvXbmb ]n³KmanbpsS a¡Äkvt\lamWp hn\bmbncn¡p¶Xv.

Ccp¼padbpsS ImeL«w KpPdm¯n Ahkm\n¨p F¶pIqSn hyàam¡p¶XmWp ]pd¯phcp¶ AgnaXn¡YIÄ. a[y{]tZinse hym]w AgnaXnbpw kpja kzcmPpw hkpÔc cmsP knÔybpw DÄs¸« efnXv tamZn hnhmZhpw aäpw _nsP]n Hcphn[w adnIS¶p \n¡pt¼mgmWp ]pXnb AgnaXn¡Y Ac§pXIÀ¡p¶Xv.

KpPdm¯ns\ FXncmfnIfnÃm¯ Imhnt¡m«bm¡n amänbn«mWp tamZn C{µ{]دnte¡p tNt¡dnbXv. _mä¬ ssIamdnbXp \mep a{´nk`Ifn AwKambncp¶ B\µn s_³ ]t«en\pw. F¶mÂ, Ct¸mÄ KpPdm¯n _nsP]n ISp¯ {]Xntcm[¯nembn¡gnªp. ]t«ÂkwhcW {]t£m`hpw PnÃmþXt±i kzbw`cW sXcsªSp¸nepWvSmb tXmÂhnbpw apJya{´n B\µn s_³ ]«ensâbpw ]mÀ«nbpsSbpw {]XnÑmb tamiam¡nbXn\p ]n¶msebmWv AgnaXnbmtcm]Ww Dbcp¶Xv.

tamZntb¡qSn IpSp¡p¶ Btcm]WamWv DWvSmbncn¡p¶Xv F¶Xpw KuchXcamWv. AgnaXn \S¯nÃ, \S¯m³ Bscbpw A\phZn¡pIbpanà F¶ tamZnbpsS {]Jym]\¯nse s]můc§Ä¡v DZmlcWambn KpPdm¯nse AgnaXn¡Ysb {]Xn]£w DbÀ¯n¡m«n¡gnªp.

aIfpsS I¼\n¡p hgnhn« klmbw

B\µn s_³ ]t«en\p a¡Ä cWvSp t]cmWv. aI³ kRvPbv F¶ tizXm¦v ]t«Â A\mÀ C³Ukv{Sokv enanäUv F¶ I¼\nbpsS DSabmWv. aIÄ A\mÀ Ptbjv ]t«en\p _nkn\kv kwcw`§fpw kmaqlnI tkh\hpapWvSv. IcIuie DXv]¶§fpsS hn]W\¯n\p klmbn¡p¶ {SÌpIÄ¡pw tNcn{]tZi§fnse Ip«nIsf ]p\c[nhkn¸n¡p¶ {]Øm\§Ä¡pw {Kma{io F¶ h\nXmhnIk\ {]Øm\¯n\pw A\mÀ t\XrXzw sImSp¡p¶pWvSv.

CtXmsSm¸w A\mÀ t{]mPÎvkv enanäUv F¶ dnb FtÌäv I¼\nbpsS DSaIqSnbmWv. sshÂUvhpUv dntkmÀ«vkv, sdenjv ^mÀakyq«n¡Âkv, 24x7 ^näv\kv XpS§nb I¼\nIfn Hmlcn]¦mfn¯hpw A\mdn\pWvSv. CXn sshÂUvhpUv dntkmÀSvkv F¶ I¼\n¡v 250 G¡À kÀ¡mÀ `qan Npfphnebv¡p \ÂInbXmWp hnhmZambncn¡p¶Xv. IqSmsX 172 G¡À Irjn`qan ImÀjntIXc Bhiy§Ä¡v D]tbmKn¡p¶Xn\mbn A\[nIrXambn A\phmZw \ÂInsb¶pw Btcm]WapbÀ¶ncn¡p¶p.

Gjybn¯s¶ knwl§Ä GsdbpÅ KnÀ h\yPohn kt¦X¯n\p kao]s¯ 250 G¡À dh\yq `qanbmWv sshÂUvhpUv dntkmÀSvkn\p kÀ¡mÀ \ÂInbXv. CXn\mbn CuSm¡nbXv H¶ct¡mSn cq] am{Xw. NXpc{i aoädn\v 15 cq] F¶Xmbncp¶p hne. G¡dn\v 60,000 cq]. F¶mÂ, Cu {]tZi¯p `qan¡p kÀ¡mÀ \nÝbn¨ncn¡p¶ \ymbhne G¡dn\v 50 e£w cq]bmWv. Cu hne IW¡m¡nbm¯s¶ 125 tImSn cq] hnebpÅ dh\yq `qanbmWv kzImcy I¼\n¡v shdpw H¶ct¡mSn cq]bv¡p \ÂInbXv.

\tc{µ tamZn apJya{´nbpw B\µn s_³ ]t«Â dh\yq a{´nbpambncns¡ 2010þ11emWv Cu CS]mSp \S¶Xv. Zp_mbnbn hyhkmbapÅ kRvPbv [\Iv Bbncp¶p kÀ¡mÀ `qan kz´am¡pt¼mÄ sshÂUvhpUnsâ DSa. Ct±lw ]n¶oSv I¼\n [Ivtjjv jm, Asam {io]m tjXv F¶nhÀ¡p hnäp. [Ivtjjv jmbpw {io]m tjXpw A\mÀ ]t«ensâ _nkn\kv ]¦mfnIfmWv. A\mdn\S¡w Hmlcn ]¦mfn¯apÅ ]mÀiz sSIvkvsIw, A\n C³{]m¹kv F¶o I¼\nIfpsS ssIhiamWv Ct¸mÄ sshÂUvhpUv.

Cu 250 G¡dn\p ]pdtabmWv I¼\n IÀjIcnÂ\n¶p 172 G¡À Irjn`qan IqSn kz´am¡nbXv. Irjn`qan ImÀjntIXc Bhiy§Ä¡v D]tbmKn¡p¶Xn\p IÀi\ \nb{´WapÅ kwØm\amWv KpPdm¯v. F¶m sshÂUvhpUv I¼\n¡v 172 G¡À Irjn`qan dntkmÀ«v \nÀamW¯n\v A\phZn¡p¶Xn\p XSkapWvSmbnÃ. ChnsSbmWv A¡mes¯ apJya{´nbmb \tc{µ tamZnbpw dh\yq a{´nbmb B\µn s_³ ]t«epw Btcm]Whnt[bcmIp¶Xv.

PnÃm `cWIqSamWv CS]mSpIÄ \S¯nbsX¶pw, apJya{´nt¡m dh\yq a{´nt¡m ]¦nsöpamWp _nsP]nbpw kwØm\ kÀ¡mcpw hniZoIcn¡p¶Xv. F¶mÂ, PnÃm `cWm[nImcnIÄ dh\yq hIp¸n\p Iogn hcp¶Xn\m B\µn s_³ ]t«en\v D¯chmZnXz¯n \n¶v Hgnbm\mhnsömWp tIm¬{Kkpw FF]nbpw NqWvSn¡m«p¶Xv. B\µn s_¶nsâ a¡Ä `cW¯n AhnlnX CSs]SepIÄ \S¯p¶psh¶pw {]Xn]£w Btcm]n¡p¶p. CXpkw_Ôn¨ ]cmXnIÄ DWvSmIcpsX¶v \tc{µ tamZn Xs¶ B\µn s_¶nt\mSp t\cn«p ]dªXmbpw dnt¸mÀ«pIfpWvSmbncp¶p. P\phcn 25\v AanXv jmbpsS {]knUâv sXcsªSp¸pambn _Ôs¸«v UÂlnbnse¯nbt¸mgmWt{X B\µn s_¶nt\mSp tamZn C¡mcyw ]dªXv.

tZiob hnjbam¡n tIm¬{Kkv

AgnaXn¡YIÄ ]pd¯mbtXmsS {]Xn]£ ]mÀ«nIÄ iàambn cwK¯ph¶pIgnªp. apJya{´n cmPnhbv¡Wsa¶mWp kwØm\ tIm¬{Kkv t\Xm¡Ä Bhiys¸Sp¶Xv. `qan X«n¸ns\¡pdn¨p kp{]owtImSXn \nco£Wt¯msS D¶XXe At\zjWw \S¯Wsa¶p tIm¬{Kkpw Bw BZvan ]mÀ«nbpw Bhiys¸«pIgnªp. `qan A\phZn¡p¶ Ime¯p apJya{´nbmbncp¶ {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZn \nc]cm[nXzw sXfnbn¡Wsa¶pw {]Xn]£w Bhiys¸Sp¶pWvSv.

kn_nsFbpw F³t^mgvkvsaâv hIp¸pw hnizmkyX \jvSam¡nb \nebv¡mWp kp{]ow tImSXn \nco£W¯nepÅ {]tXyI At\zjWkwLw thWsa¶p tIm¬{Kkv Bhiys¸Sp¶Xv. tZiobXe¯nepw KpPdm¯nepw Xncn¨phchp \S¯p¶ tIm¬{Kkn\v DuÀPw ]Icp¶XmWp ]pXnb kw`hhnImk§Ä. henb {Iat¡Sp \S¯nb CS]mSns\¡pdn¨p ]mÀesaânsâ _Päv kt½f\¯n kÀ¡mcn\p adp]Sn \ÂtIWvSnhcpsa¶v B\µv iÀa ]dªpIgnªp.

ImenSdp¶ B\µn s_³

A©mw ¢mkn 750 B¬Ip«nIÄ ]Tn¡p¶ kvIqfnse GI s]¬Ip«nbmbncp¶p B\µn s_³. 1960 `nÂhmbn tImfPn sN¶t¸mÄ kb³kv _m¨nse GI s]¬Ip«nbpw B\µnbmbn. _nFUv FSp¯v A[ym]nIbmbn tPment\m¡pt¼mgmWv B\µn s_¶nsâ Akmam\y ss[cyw shfns¸« kw`hapWvSmbXv. Xsâ cWvSp hnZymÀYn\nIÄ \ÀaZ \Znbn hoWp ap§n¯mgp¶Xp IWvS B\µn s_³ \Znbnte¡v FSp¯pNmSn Ahsc c£n¨p. Cu kw`hw Ahsc {]ikvXbm¡n. CtX¯pSÀ¶mWv 1987 _nsP]n B\µn s_¶ns\ ]mÀ«n AwKam¡p¶Xv.

1994 cmPyk`mwKam¡n. 1998 hnZym`ymk a{´nØm\w \ÂIn kwØm\ cmjv{Sob¯nte¡p sImWvSph¶p. ]n¶oSv \nch[n hIp¸pIÄ ssIImcyw sNbvX Ahsc 2014 tamZn apJya{´nbm¡pIbpw sNbvXp. F¶mÂ, ]n¶oSv B\µn s_¶nsâ {]XnÑmb thWvS{X tim`n¨nÃ. lÀZnIv ]t«Â F¶ bphmhnsâ t\XrXz¯n \S¶ ]t«Â kwhcW {]t£m`w B\µns_¶n\p I\¯ {]lcamWv G¸n¨Xv. cmPyt{Zml¡päw Npa¯n lmÀZn¡ns\ PbneneSbv¡pIbpw \nch[n bphm¡sf tIkn IpSp¡pIbpw sNbvX ]t«Â kwhcW {]t£m`w Ct¸mgpw FcnªpsImWvSncn¡p¶p.

Pmayw In«n ]pd¯nd§nbm DS³ cWvSmw L«w {]t£m`w iàns¸Sp¯psa¶mWp lmÀZnIv IgnªZnhkw am[ya§tfmSp ]dªXv. {]t£m`¯nsâ t]cn ]t«Â bphm¡Äs¡Xntc FSp¯ncn¡p¶ \nch[n tIkpIÄ ZpÀ_es¸Sp¯n kapZmb¯nsâ FXnÀ¸p Ipdbv¡m³ B\µn s_³ {ian¡p¶pWvSv. F¶mÂ, ]t«Â {]t£m`w ]mÀ«n¡pWvSm¡nb £oWw \nkmcaÃ. _nlmdnse tXmÂhn¡p ]n¶nepw ]t«Â {]t£m`w Hcp LSIambncp¶psh¶p ]mÀ«n hnizkn¡p¶p.

]t«Â kwhcW {]t£m`¯nsâ ]Ým¯e¯n ASp¯nsS Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§fnte¡p \S¶ sXcsªSp¸n _nsP]n¡p I\¯ Xncn¨SnbpapWvSmbn. \Kck`Ifn `cWw \ne\nÀ¯m\msb¦nepw PnÃm ]©mb¯pIfn tIm¬{Kkv henb apt¶äw \S¯n. 31 21 PnÃm ]©mb¯pIfpw 230 110 Xmeq¡v ]©mb¯pIfpw tIm¬{Kkv t\Sn. Bdp tImÀ]tdj\pIfpw 56 40 ap\nkn¸menänIfpw \ne\nÀ¯ns¡mWvSv _nsP]n \Kc§fn ]nSn¨p\n¶p.

\Kck`Ifn `cWw In«nbnsænepw \nch[n Unhnj\pIfn tIm¬{Kkv Øm\mÀYnIÄ¡p hnPbn¡m\mbn. 2017 \S¡m\ncn¡p¶ \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸n tIm¬{Kkv I\¯ shÃphnfn DbÀ¯psa¶mWv IW¡pIq«p¶Xv. AXn\nsS ]pd¯phcp¶ AgnaXnbmtcm]W¯nsâbpw kzP\]£]mX¯nsâbpw hmÀ¯IÄ Fgp]¯n\mepImcnbmb B\µn¡p Xm§m\mhnsömWp cmjv{Sob \nco£IÀ IW¡pIq«p¶Xv.

kwØm\¯p Nne ]mÀ«n t\Xm¡Ä¯s¶ apJya{´ns¡Xntc Hfnbp²w Bcw`n¨Xnsâ kqN\bmWv Ct¸mÄ ]pd¯ph¶ncn¡p¶ Btcm]Wsa¶pw hnebncp¯s¸Sp¶p. tamZn`cW¯nse GIm[n]Xy{]hWX B\µn s_¶n\p XpScm³ Ignbp¶nÃ. hnaXÀ iàn{]m]n¨m sXcsªSp¸n\p ap¼v t\Xramäw t]mepw kw`hn¡msa¶pw IW¡pIq«p¶hcpWvSv.

hÀKobXbpw cmjv{Sobhpw AShp\b§fpw

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tUm. ^nen¸v s\ev]pc¸d¼nÂ

hÀKobX hfÀ¯n cmjv{Sobtaevt¡mbva t\Sp¶ X{´w ]e Øe§fnepw ]e Ime§fnepw ]ecpw {]tbmKn¨n«pÅXmWv. `qcn]£ hÀKobX A[nImc¯n\pthWvSn ^e{]Zambn D]tbmKn¨ hyànIsf Ncn{X¯n \½Ä ImWp¶papWvSv. AhÀ¡p ]n¶oSv Ncn{X¯nepÅ Øm\hpw \½Ä¡dnbmw. C´ybpsS C¶s¯ kmlNcy¯n `qcn]£ hÀKobX hfÀ¯m\pÅ {ia§Ä t_m[]qÀhw ]e tI{µ§fn \S¡pt¼mÄ Cu \o¡§sf Xncn¨dnbm\pw hnebncp¯m\pw ^e{]Zambn {]Xntcm[n¡m\pw \ap¡p IgnbWsa¶p tXm¶p¶p. AtXmsSm¸w hÀKobXbv¡v D]Nmc¯nsâ BhcWw NmÀ¯n A[nImc cmjv{Sob¯n\mbn ]cn{ian¡p¶hsc Xncn¨dnbm\pw.


kmapZmbnIXbpw aXhÀKobXbpw

aX]camb H¶ptNcepIsf¡mÄ kmapZmbnI H¶ptNcepIÄ¡p kmwKXyw IsWvS¯nb kaql§Ä \ndªXmWp tIcfw. ]s¯m¼Xmw \qämWvSnsâ A´y¯nepw 20þmw \qämWvSnsâ Bcw`¯nepambn ChnsS hfÀ¶ph¶ kmapZmbnI apt¶ä§Ä aX]cambncp¶nsöp ImWmw. ImcWw aX¯nsâ t]cn \SamSnbncp¶ PmXn]oU\§Äs¡Xncmbncp¶p Cu kmapZmbnI apt¶ä§Ä FÃmw Xs¶. khÀWÀ \S¸nem¡nbncp¶ PmXn ASnØm\am¡nbpÅ hnthN\§Äs¡Xncmbncp¶tÃm ChnSps¯‘\thm°m\sa¶p NneÀ A{X imkv{XobaÃm¯ t]cpsNmÃn hnfn¡p¶ kmapZmbnI apt¶ä§Ä DWvSmbXv. Cu apt¶ä§fn¯s¶ CXc kapZmb§fpsS ]n´pWbpw klIcWhpw DWvSmbncp¶p. AXpsImWvSpXs¶ ChnsS aXhÀKobX hfcm³ CSbmbnà F¶pw ImWmw.

C¶nt¸mÄ kapZmb§sf Iq«p]nSn¨v aXhÀKobX hfÀ¯m³ {iaw \S¡p¶psh¶mWp ImWp¶Xv. A§s\ Hcp aXhÀKobXbnte¡p Nmbm³ Nne kapZmb§Ä {ian¡pt¼mÄ X§Ä F§s\ ASn¨aÀ¯s¸«ncp¶psh¶Xpw X§Ä F§s\ ]nt¶m¡¡mÀ Bsb¶Xpw hnkvacn¡p¶p. X§fpsS ]oUIsc¯s¶ AhÀ c£Icmbn ImWp¶psh¶Xp IuXpIapWÀ¯p¶ ImcyamWv. ap¶pw ]n¶pw t\m¡msX XmXvImenI t\«§Ä¡mbpÅ \o¡pt]m¡pIfmtb cmjv{Sob e£yapÅ Cu Iq«psI«pIsf ImWm³ Ignbq F¶mWp cmjv{Sob \nco£IÀ ]dbp¶Xv.

]pdw]q¨pIÄ hnet¸mIptam?

Ct¸mÄ ss{IkvXh kaql§sf IqsS\nÀ¯n hÀKob ]mÀ«n F¶ t]cp amänsbSp¡m\pÅ aXhÀKob iànIfpsS {iahpw tIcf¯n kPohamWv. Nne ss{IkvXh tI{µ§fnse tIhew BXnYyacymZbpsSbpw D]Nmc§fpsSbpw hm¡pIsfsbÃmw hmÀ¯Ifm¡n am[ya§fneqsS X§sf¯s¶ atXXc\ne]mSpImcmbn Nn{XoIcn¡m\pÅ {iaw hym]IamWv. Cu NXn¡pgnbn kmam\yw hniIe\tijnbpÅhÀ Bcpw hogpsa¶p tXm¶p¶nÃ. atXXcXzs¯ `cWLS\bn \ns¶mgnhm¡m³ {ian¡p¶hsc Xncn¨dnbm³ {]_p² tIcf¯n\mIpw. GsX¦nepw ]mÀ«n A[y£t\mSv AXnYn F¶ \nebn Im«p¶ AwKoImcmZchpIÄ B ]mÀ«nbpsS \ne]mSpIfpsS AwKoImcambn IcptXWvSXnÃtÃm.

kwL]cnhmÀ F¶Xp hnhn[ \nebnepw \nehmc¯nepapÅ hÀKobXbpsS Hcp kamlmcamWv. AXnsâ Gähpw ]pdtabpÅ cmjv{Sob kpµc arZp apJw am{XamWp `mcXob P\Xm]mÀ«n F¶p hnebncp¯s¸Sp¶p. AXn\p sXm«pXmsgbpÅ BÀFkvFkv _PvcwKvZÄ, hnizlnµp ]cnj¯v XpS§nb AScpIÄ hÀKobXbpsS ISp¯ `oIccq]§ÄXs¶bmWv. AhcpsS \ne]mSpIfpw {]kvXmh\Ifpw AXphyàam¡p¶p. hmkvXh¯n Cu ITn\ hÀKobXbpsS AScpIsf tX¨pan\p¡n arZphpw kpµchpam¡n cmjv{Sob t\«§Ä¡pthWvSn ]mIs¸Sp¯nb ]pdw]q¨mWp aXþhÀKob ]mÀ«n F¶v \yq\]£§Ä IcpXp¶p. ITn\ hÀKobXsb adbv¡p¶ Cu arZp apJw IWvSv kwL]cnhmdns\ BtÇjn¨hÀ Ct¸mÄ F¯n\nev¡p¶ AhØbpw hnebncpt¯WvSXmWv.

ISp¯ aXhÀKob cmjv{Sob¯nsâ hàmhv Hcp kp{]`mX¯n cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nbpsS t\XrXz¯n h¶t¸mÄ Bt±l¯nsâ ssienbnepw {]IS\¯nepw h¶ amä§Ä tIcf¯nse _lpkzc kaqlt¯mSpÅ \ne]mSn DWvSmbn«ptWvSm F¶p hnebncpt¯WvSXmWv. Xsâ ImgvN¸mSpIÄ sXänt¸mbn F¶p ]dªp am\km´cs¸«mtWm At±lw ]pXnb ssienbpw \o¡§fpw \S¯p¶Xv F¶Xv hnebncp¯s¸SWw. H¸w Hcp tZiob ]mÀ«n F¶ \nebn aäp kwØm\§fn kwL]cnhmÀ \S¯p¶ \yq\]£ ]oU\§tfmSv F§s\ ChnSs¯ ]mÀ«nbpw t\Xm¡fpw {]XnIcn¡p¶psh¶Xpw ]cntim[n¡s¸tSWvSXmWv. C´y³ atXXcXzs¯bpw tZiobXtbbpw Cu ]mÀ«n F§s\ ImWp¶psh¶Xpw kp{][m\amWv. sXäp Xncp¯p¶psh¶p {]Jym]n¡m\pw tZiob ]mÀ«nsb¶ \nebn aänS§fnse Cu ]mÀ«nbpsS Xs¶ \yq\]£ ]oU\§sf iàambn FXnÀ¡m\pw XbmdmIm¯hÀ XoÀ¨bmbpw X§fpsS cmjv{Sob t\«§Ä¡pthWvSn kuayXbpsS \mSIw Ifn¡p¶hcmsW¶p Xncn¨dnbm\pÅ kmam\y_p²n ChnSs¯ {]_p²cmb \yq\]£§Ä¡pWvSv F¶Xp ad¡cpXv.

tKmhbnse ]mTw

tKmhbn 26% ss{IkvXhcpWvSv. AhnsS ss{IkvXhÀ _nsP]nbpsS H¸w \n¡p¶psh¶Xv amXrIbm¡m³ ]dbpt¼mÄ AhnSs¯ \nPØnXnsbs´¶p a\knem¡m³ {iant¡WvSXpWvSv. A[nImc¯ntednb tijw AhnSs¯ ss{IkvXh hnZymeb§sfbpw ]mTy]²Xnsbbpw IS¶m{Ian¡p¶ ØnXnhntijw \nc´cw dnt¸mÀ«p sN¿s¸«n«pWvSv. ZpxJshÅnbmgvN {]hr¯nZnhkam¡nbXpw tKmhbpsS ]pWyt{kmXkmb hnip² {^m³knkv tkhydnsâ Xncp\mÄ Ah[n Znhkambncp¶Xp {]hr¯nZnhkam¡nbXpw ZpxJshÅnbmgvNbpw s]klmhymghpsams¡ DÄs¸Sp¯n ^nenw s^Ìv Bkq{XWw sNbvXXpsaÃmw hym]Iamb FXnÀ¸v DWvSm¡nbn«pWvSv.

A[nImcw ssI¡em¡m\pÅ Hcp AShp\b¯nsâ `mKambn ss{IkvXhtcmSp ssIIÄ tImÀ¡m³ AhnsS hÀKob cmjv{Sob I£n Xbmdmbn F¶XmWp bmYmÀYyw. tI{µ¯n A[nImc¯ntednbXn\p tijw AhcpsS arZphÀKob \ne]mSn Imcyamb amä§Ä hcp¯pIbpw sNbvXp. AXpsImWvSpXs¶ tKmhbnse {InkvXob kaqlw t]mÀ¨pKente¡pw aäp cmPy§fnte¡pw IpSntbdm³ ]cn{ian¡p¶psh¶p ImWmw. HmtcmZnhkhpw icmicn 47 t]À t]mÀ¨pK ]mkvt]mÀ«n\v At]£n¡p¶psh¶mWp tKmhbnse kzX{´ FwFÂF hnPbv kÀtZimbn NqWvSn¡mWn¡p¶Xv.

\yq\]£, ZfnXv ]oU\§Ä

2014þ _nsP]n tI{µ¯n A[nImc¯ntednbXn\p tijw ss{IkvXhÀs¡Xncmb AXn{Ia§fn 55% IWvSv hÀ[\ DWvSmsb¶v Hcp ]T\w ImWn¡p¶p. shfnbnÂhcm¯ hfsctbsd AXn{Ia§Ä DsWvS¶p ]dªpsImWvSpXs¶bmWv Cu dnt¸mÀ«v A{Ia§sf AhXcn¸n¡p¶Xv. A[nImcnIsfbpw kwL]cnhmÀ iànIsfbpw t]Sn¨v X§fpsS ZpcnX§Ä an¡Xpw ad¨phbv¡pI Xs¶bmWp \yq\]£§Ä sN¿p¶Xv. _nsP]n `cn¡p¶ kwØm\§fnemWv Cu ss{IkvXh \yq\]£ ]oU\w Gähpw kPohsa¶pw ImWmw. 2011þ ss{IkvXhÀs¡Xncmb iàhpw KuchXchpamb 172 A{Ia§Ä dnt¸mÀ«v sNbvXXn _nsP]n `cn¨psImWvSncp¶ IÀWmSI¯n \n¶pXs¶ 47 tIkpIÄ DWvSmbncp¶p. HUojbn \n¶v 25þDw a[y{]tZin \n¶p 15þDw kw`h§Ä A¡me¯p dnt¸mÀ«p sN¿s¸«p. ss{IkvXhnIXsb IÀWmSI¯n \n¶p ]ngpsXdnbWsa¶ _nsP]n FwFÂF {]lvfmZv caWnbpsS {]kvXmh\ Xs¶ AhcpsS AklnjvWpX NqWvSn¡m«p¶p. 2015þ KpPdm¯ns\ lnµp kwØm\ambn {]Jym]n¡psa¶p {]ho¬ sXmKmUnb Al½Zm_mZn \S¯nb {]kvXmh\bpw CXnt\mSp tNÀ¯pImWWw.

2003þ BÀFkvFkv apJ]{Xamb HmÀKss\kÀ {]kn²oIcn¨, F³.Fkv. cmPmdmw FgpXnb teJ\¯n temIhµybmb aZÀ sXtcksb IS¶m{Ian¡p¶pWvSv. Ip«nIsf ]oUn¸n¡p¶hsc¶pw aäpw k`mt\XrXzs¯ Bt£]n¡p¶ teJ\w aZÀ sXtcksb hmgv¯s¸«hfmbn {]Jym]n¡p¶ NS§nte¡v C´y {]Xn\n[nIsf Abbv¡cpsX¶v Bhiys¸Sp¶p. aZÀ sXtck aX]cnhÀ¯\¯n\mbn«mWp {]hÀ¯n¨sX¶ hymP Btcm]Whpw ]n¶oSpWvSmbn. hnF¨v]n sshkv {]knUâv BNmcy KncncmP IntjmÀ hnip² tPm¬ t]mÄ cWvSma³ amÀ]m¸sb sImÅ¡mcs\¶pw C´ybpsS P\kwJym\p]mXs¯ \nbahncp²amb aX]cnhÀ¯\¯neqsS amäp¶hs\¶pw Bt£]n¨Xpw ad¡mdmbn«nÃ.

1999þ HmkvtSenb³ anj\dn {Klmw sÌbn³kns\bpw cWvSp ]n©pa¡sfbpw kwL]cnhmÀ _Ôphmb ZmcmknwKv Xoh¨p sIm¶Xpw {i²n¡s¸« hmÀ¯Ifmbncp¶p. 2007þ08 HUojbn ss{IkvXhsc Iq«s¡me sNbvX tIkn GgphÀjw in£n¡s¸«Xn HcmÄ _nsP]nbpsS AwKhpw FwFÂFbpambncp¶p. A¶v GXmWvSv 3000 ss{IkvXh `h\§fpw \qtdmfw ]ÅnIfpamWp hÀKob hntZzjw ]c¯nb kwL]cnhmdpImÀ I¯n¨Xv. At\Isc sIms¶mSp¡pIbpw sNbvXp. tbmKn BZnXy \mYpw km£n almcmPpw Kncn cmPmknwKpw FÃmw _nsP]nbpsS Fw]n amcmWv. AhÀ han¡p¶ hÀKobhnjs¯ \nb{´n¡m³ ]mÀ«ntbm {][m\a{´ntbm XbmdmIp¶nsöXpw {it²bamWv. F´n\v, a\pjyPoht\¡mÄ ]iphn\p {]m[m\yw \evIns¡mWvSpÅ aXhÀKobX¡mcpsS \ne]mSpw s]mXpkaqlw {i²n¨XmWv.

2015þ 8000 ss{IkvXhÀ C´ybn aX]oU\¯n\v CcIfmbn F¶p Im¯enIv sk¡peÀ t^mdw dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿p¶p. Ggp s{]m«Ìâv sshZnIcpw Hcp Aevamb\pw Cu hÀjw AhnsS aX]oU\¯n sImÃs¸«p. ss{IkvXhÀs¡Xnsc aXsshcw {]Ncn¸n¡p¶ 200 tIkpIfmWv C¡me¯v dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿s¸«n«pÅXv. IqSmsX ZfnXÀs¡Xncmb A{IaW§fpw aXhÀK ]mÀ«nbpsS `cW¯n hfsctbsd hÀ[n¨ncn¡p¶psh¶v ImWmw. A{Ia§fn 19% hÀ[\hmWv DWvSmbncn¡p¶Xv. 2014þ 744 ZfnXsc khÀWÀ sImes¸Sp¯nsb¶v tZiob ss{Iw sdt¡mÀU\pkcn¨v ImWp¶pWvSv. sslZcm_mZnse bqWnthgvknän hnZymÀYn ZfnX\mbXpsImWvSv BßlXy sNt¿WvS kmlNcyw kwPmXambXpw HmÀ¡p¶p.

GXm\pw Znhkw ap¼mWtÃm tImb¼¯qcn cma\mY]pcw cq]X s{]mIyptdäÀ ^m. tPmkv I¶pwIpgnsbbpw Aevamb {]Xn\n[nIsfbpw {Iqcambn aÀZn¨ kw`hapWvSmbXv.

Cu kmlNcy¯n tIcf¯nse _nsP]n t\XrXzs¯ hnebncp¯pIbmWv ChnSs¯ \yq\]£§Ä. tIhew D]Nmc§fn I®©nhogm³ XbmdmIp¶hcà ChnSs¯ {]_p²amb aX\yq\]£§Ä. \ne]mSpIfn amäapsWvS¶p sXfnbn¡m³ ]mÀ«n t\XrXz¯n\p Ignbm¯nSt¯mfw Ahsc kzm[o\n¡m\pw _nsP]n¡mhnÃ.

Xsâ \yq\]£hncp²hpw \yq\]£§sf IS¶m{Ian¡p¶Xpamb ap³ \ne]mSpIfpw {]Jym]\§fpw XÅn¸dbm³ ]mÀ«n {]knUâv XbmdmtWm? hnhn[ kwØm\§fn \S¡p¶ \yq\]£ ]oU\§sfbpw kwL]cnhmÀ \S¯p¶ aXþ hÀKob A{Ia§sfbpw ]mÀ«n FXnÀ¡p¶ptWvSm? AhsbÃmw D·qe\w sN¿m³ ]mÀ«n XbmdmtWm? `cWLS\ Dd¸pXcp¶ \yq\]£§fpsS hnZym`ymk AhImiw ssItbdm³ {ian¡p¶Xp XSbs¸Sp¶ptWvSm? `cWLS\bn Dd¨ atXXcXzw kwc£n¡m³ `cWIqSw F{Xam{Xw kaÀ¸nXamWv? \yq\]£§Ä hnebncp¯ns¡mWvSncn¡pIbmWv.

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