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{]Xybimkv{XhXvIcn¡s¸Sp¶ tZiob hnZym`ymkw

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_p²n]chpw \nc´chpamb {]NmcW¯neqsS P\§Ä¡p kzÀKs¯ \cIambpw \cIs¯ kzÀKambpw ImWn¨psImSp¡m\mhpw: hwiobamb Iq«s¡meIfneqsS temIa\xkm£nsb ]nSn¨pIpep¡nb PÀa³ GIm[n]Xn AtUmÄ^v lnävednsâ BßIYbmb sabv³Imw^nse hcnIfmWnXv. lnävedpw At±l¯nsâ kaImenI\mb Cäenbnse aptkmfn\nbpw ]co£n¨ ^mknÌv {]Xybimkv{X¯nsâ {][m\ {]NmcW Bbp[w \pWIÄ {]Ncn¸n¨v AXp kXyamsW¶ {]XoXn P\§Ä¡nSbn P\n¸n¡pI F¶Xmbncp¶p.

\nc´camb \pW{]NmcW§fneqsS P\§sf hgnsXän¡msa¶pw A§s\ ^mknÌv {]Xybimkv{Xw ASnt¨Â¸n¡msa¶pw lnäveÀ IcpXn. C§s\ Bib{]NcW§Ä¡pthWvSn {]tXyIamb Hcp hIp¸n\p lnäveÀ cq]w \ÂIn. Cu hIp¸nsâ Xeh\mbn \nban¡s¸« Ko_Âkv kzoIcn¨ X{´w {it²bamWv. Hcp \pW \qdp {]mhiyw BhÀ¯n¨m AXp kXyambn amdpw F¶Xmbncp¶p Ko_Âknb³ X{´w.

^mknÌv {]Xybimkv{X¯nsâ hfÀ¨bv¡pw A[nImc¯pSÀ¨bv¡pw thWvSnbpÅ Ko_Âknb³ X{´¯nsâ {][m\ `mKambncp¶p ]mT]pkvXI§fpsS {]Xybimkv{XhXvIcWw. hnZym`ymk ]mTy]²XnIfpsS `mKamb kÀhXnepw \pgªpIbdn AkXy§fpw AÀ[kXy§fpw {]Ncn¸n¨v X§Ä¡v A\pIqeambn Nn´n¡p¶, `cWIqSs¯ ]n´pWbv¡p¶ Hcp Xeapdsb hmÀs¯Sp¡pI F¶XmWp {]Xybimkv{XhXvIcWw sImWvSv Dt±in¡p¶Xv. Cäenbnse ^mknÌv Nn´I³amcn {][m\nbmb Pntbmhm\n Pssâens\ 1922 aptkmfn\n \nban¨XpXs¶ ]mT]pkvXI§fneqsS Cu X{´w ]co£n¡p¶Xn\p thWvSnbmWv. 1923 Pntbmhm\n sImWvSph¶ hnZym`ymk ]cnjvImc§Ä ]n¡me¯v Cäenbn ^mknk¯nsâ hfÀ¨sb hfscb[nIw klmbn¡pIbpWvSmbn. cWvSmw temIalmbp²¯n\ptijw temI¯nsâ hnhn[ `mK§fn \nehnÂh¶ GIm[n]XyþkÀhm[n]Xy `cWIqS§Ä {]Xybimkv{XhXvIcW¯nsâ Cu ^mknÌv X{´w hfsc hnPbIcambn Xs¶ ]co£n¨p \S¸nem¡n.

{]Xybimkv{X¯nsâ hym]\¯n\pw ]nSnapdp¡en\pw thWvSn `cWIqS¯nsâ km[yXIÄ IgnhXpw NqjWw sN¿pI F¶XmWp ^mknÌv coXn. cmPy¯nsâ hnZym`ymk \b¯nepw hnZym`ymk Øm]\§fpsS \nb{´W¯nepw hnZym`ymk Øm]\§sf \nb{´n¡p¶ kzbw`cW Øm]\§fnepw ]mT]pkvXI§Ä¡pthWvSnbpÅ Icn¡pew I½nänIfnepw FÃmw hfsc X{´]chpw t_m[]qÀhhpamb CSs]S {]Xybimkv{X¯nsâ hàm¡Ä \S¯pw. ]mT]pkvXI§fneqsS imkv{Xob ho£Ww At\zjWXzc, am\hnIX, en_dÂþatXXc P\m[n]Xy ImgvN¸mSpIÄ XpS§nbhbv¡p ]Icw hwiobt_m[hpw k¦pNnXXz§fpw AklnjvWpXbpw ]ckv]capÅ Ahnizmkhpw t{]mÕmln¸n¡p¶ Nn´Ifpw ZÀi\§fpw {]Ncn¸n¡pIbpw hyhØm]nXam¡s¸SpIbpw sN¿pw.

`mhn XeapdIfpsS t_m[aÞe§fnepw Xet¨mdpIfnepw Ir{Xnaambn krãns¨Sp¡p¶ Nn´Ifpw _nw_§fpw hfsc IrXyamb Bkq{XWt¯msS Ip¯n\nd¨v Ahsc ]pXnb a\pjycmbn cq]m´coIcn¡pIbmWp ]mT]pkvXI§fneqsSbpÅ {]Xybimkv{XhXvIcW¯nsâ e£yw. Pntbmhm\n Pssâ³ ]dbp¶Xpt]mse Bdmw hbkn ]ucs\ ]nSnIqSpI, ]Xn\mdmw hbkn Ahs\ ]pXnsbmcp a\pjy\m¡n IpSpw_¯n\p Xncnt¨Â¸n¡pI F¶XmWp X{´w.

C´ybnepw Ct¸mÄ kw`hn¨psImWvSncn¡p¶Xv CXmWv. 1976se 42þmw `cWLS\m t`ZKXn hgn hnZym`ymkw tÌäv enÌnÂ\n¶p I¬Idâv enÌnte¡p amäs¸«p. cmPy¯v BIam\w Hcp GIoIrX hnZym`ymk \bhpw ]²Xnbpw cq]oIcn¡pI F¶Xmbncp¶p CXnsâ e£ysa¦nepw ]mTy]²XnbnÂ, {]tXyIn¨pw kvIqÄ ]mTy]²XnbnÂ, X{´]camb CSs]S \S¯p¶Xn\v CXneqsS tI{µkÀ¡mcn\p km[n¨p. 42þmw `cWLS\m t`ZKXnbn sImWvSph¶, Hmtcm ]¯phÀjw IqSpt¼mgpw tI{µkÀ¡mÀ ]pXnb hnZym`ymk \bw cq]oIcn¡Ww F¶ \nÀtZis¯ X§Ä¡\pIqeambn D]tbmKn¡m³ cmPyw `cn¨ cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nIÄ AXmXp kab§fn {ian¨n«pWvSv. 1977 _nsP]nbpsS ap³KmanIfmb P\kwLw `mKamb P\Xm]mÀ«nbpsS kÀ¡mÀ cmPy¯p \nehnencp¶ F³knBÀSnbpsS ]mT]pkvXI§Ä \ntcm[n¡m\pw BÀFkvFknsâ \nÀtZi§Ä Ip¯n\nd¨ tZiob hnZym`ymk \bw cq]oIcn¡m\pw Hcp hn^e{iaw \S¯pIbpWvSmbn. aX\nct]£ tZiob ImgvN¸mSpIÄ ]peÀ¯nbncp¶ F³knCBÀSnbnse hnZym`ymk hnN£WcpsS iàamb FXnÀ¸pw ]mÀesaân\v AI¯pw ]pd¯pw aX\nct]£þ]ptcmKa\ ]mÀ«nIfpw kwLS\Ifpw DbÀ¯nb {]Xntj[hpw aqew sk³{S AUvsshkdn t_mÀUv Hm^v F Uyqt¡j³ AwKoImcw \ÂImXncp¶XpsImWvSpw cmPys¯ hnZym`ymk taJesb {]Xybimkv{XhXvIcn¡m\pÅ BÀFkvFknsâ A¶s¯ {ia§Ä ]mfnt¸mhpIbmWv DWvSmbXv.

1986 tabn ]mÀesaâv AwKoIcn¨ tZiob hnZym`ymk \b¯nsâ BapJ¯n hnZym`ymk¯nsâ apJye£yambn ]dªncn¡p¶Xp cmjv{S]p\À\nÀamW¯nsâ ASnØm\ ZÀi\§fmb atXXcXzw, tkmjyenkw, P\m[n]Xyw, imkv{X A`ncpNn F¶nhsb t{]mÕmln¸n¡p¶ kao]\ §Ä DWvSmIpw F¶mWv. tZiob hnZym`ymk \b ¯n Bhiyamb t`ZKXnIÄ \nÀtZin¡p¶Xn\pthWvSn 1990 \nban¡s¸« BNmcy cmaaqÀ¯n I½ojsâbpw Cu t`ZKXnIÄ ]Tn¡p¶Xn\pthWvSn 1992 \ntbmKn¡s¸« F³. P\mÀZ\sdÍn I½ojsâbpw apJyamb \nÀtZiw atXXc, P\m[n]Xy, imkv{X ho£W§Ä DbÀ¯n¸nSn¡p¶ \m\mXz¯n GIXzw F¶ Nn´bn Du¶n cmPy¯nsâ tZiotbmZv{KY\¯n\p klmbn¡p¶ Hcp hnZym`ymk ]²Xn cq]oIcn¡pI F¶Xmbncp¶p. 1992 tabv Bdn\v Cu \nÀtZi§Ä¡p sk³{S AUvsshkdn t_mÀUv Hm^v FUyqt¡j³ AwKoImcw \ÂIn. 1986se tZiob hnZym`ymk \bw A¶p `cW¯nencp¶ kÀ¡mcnsâ tZiob ImgvN¸mSpIÄ {]Xn^e¸n¡p¶XmWv.

kzmX{´ym\´cw A©p ]XnämWvSpIfnembn _lpkzcXbnepw klnjvWpXbnepw A[njvTnXambn hnime tZiobXbv¡pthWvSn ka`mh\ DbÀ¯n¸nSn¨p cq]oIcn¡s¸« hnZym`ymk ImgvN¸mSpIÄ¡p amäw h¶pXpS§p¶Xv 1999þ AS _olmÀ hmPvt]bnbpsS t\XrXz¯nepÅ _nsP]n kÀ¡mÀ A[nImc¯n F¯nbtXmSpIqSnbmWv. tUm. apcfn at\mlÀ tPmjn tI{µ am\h hn`htijn a{´meb¯nsâ Aac¡mc\mbn F¯p¶XpXs¶ hnZym`ymk¯nsâ ImhnhXvIcWw F¶ AP³Ubpambn«mbncp¶p. atXXc P\m[n]Xy ho£Ww ]peÀ¯p¶ Nn´I·mcpw hnZym`ymk hnN£W³amcpw A¡mZanIv kanXnIfnÂ\n¶p Iq«ambn ]Snbnd¡s¸«p. BÀFkvFknsâ hnZym`ymk {]hÀ¯\§fpsS Np aXe¡mc\mb sP.Fkv. cmPv]p«v ]pXnb F³knCBÀSn UbdIvSdmbn Ahtcm[n¡s¸«p. BÀFkvFkv ssk²m´nI·mcmb Zo\\mYv _{X, AXp dmh¯v, BÀFkvFkv apJ]{Xw ]m©P\ybpsS NpaXe¡mc³ Xcp¬ hnPbv XpS§nbhsc ImhnhXvIcW¯n\pthWvSn BÀF kvFkns\bpw am\h hn`htijn a{´mebs¯bpw CW¡p¶ I®nIfmbn \ntbmKn¡s¸«p.

sP.Fkv. cmPv]p«nsâ t\XrXz¯n C´ybnse kvIqÄ hnZym`ymk taJebn \nÀWmbI kzm[o\w sNep¯p¶ F³knCBÀSn ]mTy]²Xnbn kaqeamb Agn¨p]WnIÄ Bcw`n¨p. Ncn{X ]mT]pkvXI§Ä¡pWvSmbncp¶ {]m[m\yw Ip«nIfpsS kvIqÄ _mKpIfpsS `mcw Ipdbv¡ms\¶ t]cn sh«n¨pcp¡n. Ncn{Xsa¶ hnjbs¯ knhnIvknsâbpw tPym{K^nbpsSbpw `mKam¡n ]mTy]²Xn ]cnjvIcn¨p. Ncn{X ]pkvXI§fn KmÔn, s\lvdp, A_vZpÄ Iemw BkmZv, _n.BÀ. Awt_ZvIÀ XpS§nb tZiob t\Xm¡·msc hfsc t_m[]qÀhw \nkmchXvIcn¨psImWvSv khÀ¡À, tKmÄhm¡À XpS§nbhsc kzmX{´ykac¯nsâ hàm¡fm¡n Nn{XoIcn¨p. C´y³ kzmX{´ykac¯nsâ tZiob{]Øm\ambn BÀFkvFkns\ AhXcn¸n¨p. kzX{´ C´ybpsS hnIk\ apt¶ä§fmb ]©hÕc ]²XnIfpw lcnXhn¹hhpsaÃmw Hgnhm¡n ASnb´cmhØbpw UÂlnbnse kn¡v hncp² Iem]hpw Hm¸tdj³ »qÌmdpsaÃmw ]mTy]²XnbpsS `mKambn.

PhlÀem s\lvdphn\p ]Icw kÀZmÀ hÃ``mbv ]t«ens\ B[p\nI C´ybpsS inev]nbmbn DbÀ¯n¡m«m³ Bcw`n¨p. C´y³ atXXcXzw Im]SyamWv F¶pw lnµpcmjv{ShmZamWp kzmX{´ykac¯nsâ bYmÀY e£ysa¶papÅ ]mT`mK§Ä DWvSmbn.

C´ym Ncn{Xs¯¡pdn¨pw kwkvImcs¯¡pdn¨papÅ BÀFkvFkv ImgvN¸mSpIÄ ]mT]pkvXI§fn Ip¯n\ndbv¡m³ {ia§Ä Bcw`n¨p. cmPmdmans\ t]mepÅ BÀFkvFkv Ncn{XImc³amÀ knµpþlmc¸ kwkvImcw Bcy³ kwkvImcamWv F¶ IsWvS¯epIÄ \S¯n. CXn\v DZmlcWambn At±lw kaÀYn¨Xv lmc¸bnÂ\n¶p IsWvSSp¯ ]pcmX\ \mWb¯nse ap{Z ImfbptSXÃ, IpXncbptSXmWv F¶mWv. a[y GjybnÂ\n¶v C´ybnte¡p IpSntbdnh¶ Bcy³amÀs¡m¸w F¯nbsX¶p IcpXp¶ IpXncsb lmc¸ kwkvImc¯nsâ `mKam¡n BZna C´y³ kwkvImcw Bcy³ kwkvImcam¡p¶Xn\pÅ {iaamWp ]mT]pkvXI§fneqsS BÀFkvFkv ssk²m´nI³amÀ \S¯nbXv.

CXpt]mse {]mNo\ C´y, a[y C´y, B[p\nI C´y F¶ Ncn{X hn`P\s¯ lnµp C´y, apkvenw C´y, {_n«ojv C´y F¶ Xc¯nepÅ XcwXncnhpIfpw Ncn{X ]mT]pkvXI§fn hcp¯n. Bcyhwi ta[mhnXz¯nsâbpw ^mknk¯nsâbpw NnÓamb kzkvXnIv ASbmf¯nsâ DÛhw {]mNo\ C´ybnemWv F¶ IsWvS¯epIfpw DWvSmbn. aX\nct]£ ImgvN¸mSpIÄ ]peÀ¯nbncp¶ Ncn{XImc³amcmb BÀ.Fkv. iÀa, kXojv N{µ, tdmane Xm¸À, _n]n³ N{µ XpS§nbhcpsS ]mT`mK§Ä ]pkvXI§fnÂ\n¶p ]qÀWambpw Hgnhm¡s¸«p.

Npcp¡¯n C´ybnse Xmen_m³ hXvIcW¯nsâ BZy NphSpIÄ ]mT]pkvXI§fpsS {]Xybimkv{XhXvIcW¯neqsS Bcw`ns¨¶p ]dbmw. C´ybnse FÃm kwØm\§fnsebpw hnZym`ymk a{´namÀ AwK§fmb sk³{S AUvsshkdn t_mÀUv Hm^v FUyqt¡jsâ A\paXn CÃmsXbpw ]mÀesaân NÀ¨IÄ IqSmsXbpamWv ]mT]pkvXI§fn C¯cw amäw hcp¯nbXv F¶XnÂ\n¶v CXnsâ KqVe£y§Ä a\knem¡mw.

AS _nlmcn hmPvt]bnbpsS `cW¯n³ Io gn ]mT]pkvXI§fpsS {]Xybimkv{XhXvIc Wambncp¶p AP³U F¦n \tc{µ tamZnbpsS `cW¯n kzX{´ Nn´s¡XntcbpÅ ^mknk¯nsâ kÀhm[n]Xy {]tbmK§sf ImWm³ km[n¡pw. kmbp[amb sNdp¯p\n¸nt\¡mfpw ^mknkw `b¡p¶Xp _u²nIamb {]Xntcm[§sfbmWv. C¯cw {]Xntcm[§sf XIÀ¡m\pÅ t_m[]qÀhamb {iaamWv bqWnthgvknänIfnepw A¡mZanIv kzbw`cWØm]\§fnepw FÃmw Ct¸mÄ \S¶psImWvSncn¡p¶Xv. `cWIqS¯nsâ ]n³_e¯n aX\nct]£þ P\m[n]Xyþ tZiob ImgvN¸mSv ]peÀ¯p¶ Nn´Icpw _p²nPohnIfpw \ni_vZcm¡s¸SpItbm kzbw \njvImknXcm¡s¸SpItbm sN¿p¶p.

kwL]cnhmdns\XntcbpÅ ss[jWnIamb \ne]mSpIfpsS t]cn {it²bcmb bp.BÀ. A\´aqÀ¯n, atlizXm tZhn XpS§nbhÀ Imebh\nIbv¡p ]n¶nte¡p \S¶pIgnªp. kwL]cnhmdns\Xntc Dd¨ \ne]mSv kzoIcn¨ Fw.sI. IÂ_pÀKn, s]cpamÄ apcpI³, kp[o{µ Ip¡ÀWn, tcmlnXv shape XpS§nbhÀ \ni_vZcm¡s¸«p. {]ikvXamb kÀhIemimeIfn tZikvt\l¯nsâ t]cn t_m[]qÀhw hnhmZ§Ä krãn¡s¸Sp¶p. kzX{´Nn´ ]peÀ¯p¶hsc tZihncp²À F¶ t]cn IÂXpdp¦pIfn ASbv¡p¶p. tZihncp²cmbn Btcm]n¡s¸Sp¶hsc `cWIqS¯nsâ ]n³_e¯n \oXn]oT¯nsâ I¬ap³]n tZikvt\l¯nsâ hàm¡Ä Nhn«nsaXn¡p¶p. sPF³bp hnZymÀYn bqWnb³ {]knUâv I\¿ Ipamdnsâ DZmlcWw Xs¶ C´ybnse _u²nI taJebnse kÀhm[n]Xy {]hWXIfpsS DZmlcWamWv. FXnÀ¸pIsfsbÃmw \nÀZbw ASn¨aÀ¯ns¡mWvSv C´ybnse {]ikvXamb bqWnthgvknänIfnepw A¡mZanIv kanXnIfnepsaÃmw C¶p kwL]cnhmdnsâ {]Xybimkv{Xhpw AXnsâ hàm¡fpw ]nSnapdp¡pIbmWv.

CXnt\msSm¸w Iq«nhmbnt¡WvSXmWp tI{µ am\h hn`htijn a{´mebw 2016 Pqsse 30\v ]pds¸Sphn¨ IcSv tZiob hnZym`ymk \bw. BÀFkvFknsâ {]Xybimkv{X aqibn cq]s¸Sp¯nbXmWp IcSv \b¯nse \nÀtZi§Ä F¶p ]IÂt]mse hyàamWv. IcSv \b¯nsâ BapJ¯nse thZImeL«¯nte¡p aS§nt¸mIm\pÅ Blzm\hpw C´y³ `mjIfpsS aqe`mjbmbn kwkvIrXs¯ Ahtcm[n¡m\pÅ {ia§fpw kwkvIrXs¯ ap¶n \nÀ¯n C´ybn kmwkvImcnI tZiobX cq]oIcn¡m\pÅ {ia§fpw AXnsâ e£ys¯¸än hyàamb kqN\ \ÂIp¶pWvSv. kvIqfpIfn kÀ¡mÀ CXc k¶² kwLS\IfpsS ]¦mfn¯w Dd¸m¡m³ \nÀtZin¡pI hgn kwL]cnhmÀ kwLS\IÄ¡v IqSpX {]hÀ¯\ kzmX{´yw \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ \nÀtZi§fpw IcSv tZiob hnZym`ymk \b¯nepWvSv.

BZnhmknþ ]nt¶m¡ taJeIfn ]pXpXmbn Hcpe£t¯mfw kvIqfpIÄ Bcw`n¡m\mWp am\h hn`htijn hnIk\ a{´meb¯nsâ \o¡w. CXnsâsbÃmw \nb{´Ww BÀFkvFknsâ \nb{´W¯nepÅ kckzXn inipaµnÀ, hnZym`mcXn XpS§nb kwLS\IfpsS \nb{´W¯nte¡p hcm³ t]mhpIbmWv. IqSmsX BÀFkvFknsâ {]kn²oIcW hn`mKamb kckzXn inip aµnÀ {]Imi³ {]kn²oIcn¡p¶ ]mT]pkvXI§Ä kvIqÄ ]mTy]²XnbpsS `mKam¡m\pÅ \nÀtZi§fpw hfsc Zqchym]Iamb {]XymLmX§Ä krãn¡m³ t]mhpIbmWv.

C´ybpsS hnZym`ymk taJebn kaqeamb amä§Ä¡p hgnsXfn¨ tIm¯mcn I½oj³ dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¨n«v 2016 50 hÀjw ]n¶nSpIbmWv. 1966 tIm¯mcn I½oj³ \ÂInb dnt¸mÀ«mWv 1968 H¶maXv tZiob hnZym`ymk \bambn Cµncm KmÔn kÀ¡mÀ AwKoIcn¨Xv. tIm¯mcn I½ojsâ \nÀtZi§fpsSbpw H¶mw hnZym`ymk \b¯nsâbpw A´k¯ F¶Xp atXXcþ P\m[n]Xyþam\hnIþimkv{X ho£W§Ä DÄt¨À¶ ]mTy]²Xnbmbncp¶p. kmtlmZcy¯nepw ka`mh\bnepw ASnbpd¨ tZiotbmZv{KY\w Bbncp¶p hnZym`ymk¯nsâ e£yw. Cu e£y¯n\pthWvSn cq]oIcn¨ ]mTy]²XnbpsS ASnØm\¯n klnjvWpXbn ASnØm\amb Hcp tZiob ImgvN¸mSv Hcp XeapdbpsS t_m[aÞe¯n \ndbv¡m³ km[n¨p. ]t£, AsXÃmw XInSwadnbp¶ hn`mKobXbpsSbpw AklnjvWpXbpsSbpw ]pXnb {]Xybimkv{XamWv `mhn XeapdbpsS Xet¨mdn Ip¯nhbv¡p¶Xv.

CXns\ F´p hnesImSp¯pw FXnÀt¯ aXnbmhq. ]ptcmKa\, atXXc ImgvN¸mSpIÄ ]peÀ¯p¶ {]Øm\§fpw kzX{´ Nn´mKXn ]peÀ¯p¶hcpw tZiob ImgvN¸mSv ]peÀ¯p¶ hnZym`ymk GP³knIfpw {]hÀ¯Icpw FÃmw GI a\tkmsS Cu {]Xybimkv{XhXvIcW¯ns\Xntc tbmPn¨p ap¶n«nd§Ww. `mhn XeapdtbmSpÅ D¯chmZnXzamWnXv.

(Imªnc¸Ån FkvUn tImfPv A[ym]I\mWp teJI³ )

C´ybpsS ]cnanXnIÄ

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DÅXp ]dªm / sI. tKm]meIrjvW³

]Xns\«v C´y³ ]«mf¡msc sImes¸Sp¯nb Ddn `oIcm{IaWw ^e{]Zambn {]XnIcn¡p¶Xp kw_Ôn¨pw AXn\v C´y¡p ap¶nepÅ amÀK§sf¡pdn¨pw Hcn¡Â¡qSn tNmZy§fpbÀ¯pIbmWv. ]XnämWvSpIfmbn C´ybn `oIcm{IaW§Ä Bkq{XWw sN¿pIbmWp ]m¡nØm³. AXphgn Ht«sd Poh\pIfpw kz¯pw C´y¡p \ãambn. {]Xntj[¯neqsSbpw ]m¡nØms\ Hcp ]mTw ]Tn¸n¡Wsa¶ NÀ¨IfneqsSbpambncp¶p A¯c¯nepÅ Hmtcm B{IaWt¯mSpw C´y CXphsc {]XnIcn¨Xv, sNdnsbmcp Xncn¨Sn t]mepw \ÂInbnÃ. thWvScoXnbn {]XnIcn¡p¶XnepWvSmb ]cmPbw B{IaWw BhÀ¯n¡p¶Xn\p ]m¡nØms\ t{]cn¸n¨p.

GähpsamSphnes¯ cWvSv B{IaW§Ä C´ybnse cWvSp {]apJ {]Xntcm[ Øm]\§Ä¡pt\tcbmbncp¶p, BZyw ]¯m³tIm«v thymaXmhf¯nepw cWvSmaXv Ddnbnse Ictk\m {_ntKUv tI{µ¯nepw. C´ybpsS {]Xntcm[ Øm]\§fnÂhsc B{IaWw \S¯p¶Xpw tISpX«msX c£s¸Sp¶Xpw F{X Ffp¸amsW¶p ]m¡nØm³ ImWn¨pXcnIbmbncp¶p. C´ybn \n¶pw `oIcm{IaW¯nsâ CcIfmb aäp Nne cmPy§fn \n¶pw B{IaW¯s\Xntc ]Xnhp{]Xntj[§Ä DbÀs¶¶pam{Xw.

]m¡nØm\n \S¡p¶ kzmX{´y¯n\mbpÅ \o¡§Ä apXem¡nbm C´y¡p hnPbIcambn Xncn¨Sn¡m\mIpsa¶pw B cmPys¯ aqt¶m \mtem IjW§fmbn hn`Pn¡m\mIpsa¶Xpw \ntj[n¡m\mhm¯ hkvXpXbmWv. F¶mÂ, C¯c¯nepÅ {]XnIcWw Hcp BWh bp²¯nte¡p \bn¡m\pÅ km[yXbpWvSv. ssk\nIamb \S]SnIfnÂ\n¶v C´ysb ]n´ncn¸n¡p¶Xpw CXpXs¶. F¶mÂ, bp²anÃm¯ AhØbpw taJebn kam[m\apWvSm¡nÃ. ssk\y¯nsâbpw sFFkvsFbpsSbpw ]n´pWbpÅ `oIckwLS\Isfs¡mWvSv Hmtcm B{I aW¯n\pw ]n¶mse hoWvSpw B{IaWw \S¯m³ ]m¡nØm³ XbmsdSp¡p¶Xn\memWnXv. C¯cw B{IaW§sf F{XImew C´y kln¡Ww F¶XmWv BhÀ¯n¨pbcp¶ tNmZyw. Ddn B{IaW¯n\ptijw Cu tNmZy¯n\p iànIqSnsb¶pam{Xw.

ssk\nIamb Xncn¨Snsb¶ km[yXbpw C´ybpsS ]cnKW\bnepWvSv. F¶mÂ, Nne kwL]cnhmÀ t\Xm¡fpsS `ojWn¡pw {]kvXmh\bv¡pa¸pdw Fs´¦nepw sN¿psa¶p IcpXm\mhnÃ. kwibteisat\y ]dbmw, C´y BZy]Snbmbn kzoIcnt¡WvSXv h³iànIfpsS hnizmkw BÀPn¡pIsb¶XmWv. C´ybpsS {ia§Ä¡v AhcpsS ]n´pWbpw Dd¸m¡Ww. Fgp]XpIfpsS XpS¡¯n _w¥mtZiv A`bmÀYnIfpsS Ips¯mgp¡v F¶ Kuchtadnb {]iv\w \S¡pt¼mÄ, ]mIv ssk\yw \S¯nb AXn{Ia§Ä A¶s¯ {][m\a{´n CµncmKmÔn kmh[m\w t\m¡n¡WvSp. ]n¶oSv temIcmPy§fpsS XeØm\§Ä kµÀin¨v ssk\nIamb Xncn¨SnbÃmsX C´y¡p ap¶n asämcp hgnbpansöp t\Xm¡sf t_m[ys¸Sp¯pIbpw sNbvXp.

A¶v AWzmbp[`ojWn \ne\n¶ncp¶nà F¶Xp kXyamWv. F´mbmepw C´y³ XmXv]cy§Ä kwc£n¡p¶Xn\p ssk\nI \S]Snbnte¡p t]mhpIbmsW¶v CµncmKmÔn hyàam¡n. AhÀ apt¶m«pt]mbtXm sS temIiànIÄ AXp kzoIcn¨p. Nne cmPy§fnÂ\n¶p {]XnIqe {]XnIcWapWvSmsb¦nepw C´ybpsS ]²Xn ^e{]Zambn \S¸m¡m\mbn.

Ddn B{IaW¯n\ptijhpw \nÀ`mKyIcsa¶p ]dbs« Nne cmPy§fpsS {]XnIcWw kq£vaXtbmsSbmWv. IrXyambn hmbns¨Sp¯m `qcn`mKhpw A]e]n¨Xp ]m¡nØmsâ \S]Snsbbà adn¨v `oIcXsbbmWv. am{Xhpaà Atacn¡³ \ne]mSn amäapWvSmbn«nÃ. C´ytbmSp IqSpX {InbmßIambn bpF kv {]XnIcn¡p¶pWvSv F¶Xp kXyamWv. F¶mÂ,]qÀWambpw ]n´pWbv¡p¶ AhØbneÃXm\pw. `oIcsc ]n´pWbv¡p¶ cmPyambn ]m¡nØms\ {]Jym]n¡Wsa¶ coXnbn bpFkv tIm¬{Kkn {]tabw AhXcn¸n¨psh¶XpsImWvSv AXp bpFkv Kh¬saânsâ \ne]mSmInÃ. Asæn¯s¶ ]m¡nØms\Xntc D]tcm[w sImWvSphcp¶Xns\¡pdn¨v Atacn¡ bmsXm¶pw ]dªn«nÃ.

AXpt]mse Xs¶bmWp ]m¡nØms\Xntc D]tcm[w F¶ bqtdm]y³ kaql¯nsâ {]tabhpw. \S]SnbneqsS D]tcm[¯n\v A\pIqeamb \ne]mSv bqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ FSp¡psa¶p ]dbm\mhnÃ. FÃmän\pap]cnbmbn C´yt]mepw C¯csamcp \ne]msSSp¯n«nÃ. ]ns¶sb§s\ aäp cmPy§Ä D]tcm[w {]Jym]n¡psa¶p {]Xo£n¡m\mIpw? `oIcX D`bI£n{]iv\amsW¶v Ct¸mÄ ]dªXneqsS ssN\bpsS \ne]mSp amdnbn«pWvSv. ap³Ime \ne]mSnÂ\n¶p hyXykvXamWnXv.

F¶mÂ, CsXÃmwsImWvSp ]m¡nØm³ A´mcmjv{SXe¯n Häs¸«psh¶p ]dbm\mhnÃ. AXn\v C´ybpsS hntZiImcyhIp¸v IqSpX {ia§Ä \St¯WvSXpWvSv. XpS¡sa¶ \nebn kmÀ¡v cmPy§fpsS kanXnbn ]m¡nØms\ Häs¸Sp¯m\pÅ {ia§fmWp \mw \St¯WvSXv. cWvSmaXmbn Gjy³ cmPy§Ä¡nSbnepw BtKmfXe¯nepw ]m¡nØms\Xntc C¯cw \o¡w thWw. C¯csamcp k½ÀZw iàamb kzm[o\w sNe¯psa¦nepw `oIcXsb Ibänbbv¡pI F¶ \bw amäm³ ]m¡nØm\p IgnbpIbnÃ. D]tcm[wt]mepÅ \S]SnIÄ Cdm\ntem D¯c sImdnbbntem henb ^ew krãn¨n«nà F¶pw HmÀ¡Ww.

_eqNnØm\nepw ]mIv A[n\nthi Imjvaocnepw ]m¡nØm³ kÀ¡mcns\Xntc \S¡p¶ \o¡§Ä¡v ASp¯nsS \½Ä ]n´pW \ÂIn. CXpw kzm[o\LSIamImw. {]tZi¯p ssN\ GsäSp¯ 4,600 tImSn bpFkv tUmfdnsâ tdmUv XpdapJ ]²Xnsb sNdnb tXmXnepÅ AkzØXIÄt]mepw {]XnIqeambn _m[n¡pw. X§fpsS A`nam\Icamb ]²Xn¡p `ojWnbpWvSmIp¶p F¶Xn\memWv ssN\ \ne]mSv amänbsX¶p ]ecpw hnizkn¡p¶p. ]m¡nØm\pÅn \S¡p¶ {]t£m`§sf temIiànIÄ ]n´pWbv¡p¶Xp XoÀ¨bmbpw {]XymLmX§fpWvSm¡pw, {]tXyIn¨pw _eqNnØm\nse kzmX{´y{ia§sf. Hcp kzX{´ P\m[n]Xy dn¸»nIv cq]oIcn¡m\mWv AhnsS {iaw. AXmIs« ]m¡nØms\ hoWvSpw On¶`n¶am¡pI F¶XmWv AÀYw. ku¯v t»m¡nsâ C¯cw {ia§fneqsS temIcmPy§fpsS \ne]mSv F{Xam{Xw \ap¡v A\pIqeamIpw F¶Xp bYmÀY¯n C´y³ \bX{´¯nsâ iàn ]cntim[n¡p¶ H¶mWv.

]mIv A[n\nthi Imjvaocn se `oIcIym¼pIfn ]cnan Xamb tXmXnepÅ B{IaWw F¶ Bibhpw NneÀ apt¶m«phbv¡p¶p. ]mIv A[n\nthi ImjvaoÀ kmt¦XnIambn ]m¡nØmsâ {]hniybÃ. C´ybpsS `mKambncp¶ {]tZiw 1948 ]m¡nØm³ ]nSns¨Sp¯p F¶ XmWv hmZw. \m«pcmPy§fpsS kwtbmP\IcmÀ A\pkcn¨v P½pþImjvaoÀ almcmPmhv AXv C´ytbmSp Iq«nt¨À¡pIbmbncp¶p.

`oIcm{IaW§Ä XSbp¶Xn\p \½Ä ^e{]Zambn {]XnIcn¡Wsa¶v C´ybnse `qcn`mKw P\§fpw B{Kln¡p¶p. Ddn `oIcm{IaW¯n cmPy¯n\p \ãs¸«Xp 18 ssk\nIscbmWv. CXneqsS C´y³ ssk\y¯n\v Bg¯n apdnthäncn¡p¶p. ]m¡nØms\ GXpkab¯pw FhnsSh¨pw ^e{]Zambn IogS¡p¶Xn\v C´y³ ssk\y¯n\p iànbpWvSv. F¶mÂ, GsXmcp Xncn¨Snbpw thWvShn[¯n BtemNn¨mbncn¡Ww, sshImcnIambn AXp \S¸m¡cpXv.

ASp¯ \S]SnIsf¡pdn¨v A´naXocpam\saSpt¡WvSXp tI{µkÀ¡mcmWv. Ddn `oIcm{IaW¯n {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZn AXniàambn {]XnIcn¨pIgnªp. F¶mÂ, \½psS `mK¯p {]Xntcm[tI{µ§fn kpc£ iàamt¡WvSXpWvSv. `oIcÀ \½psS cmPyt¯¡p \pgªpIbdpIbpw \½psS {]Xntcm[ Øm]\§fnÂt¸mepw IS¶pIbdpIbpw sN¿p¶Xp XSbm\mIp¶nsæn F§s\ \ap¡v AXnÀ¯nIÄ kwc£n¡m\mIpw F¶Xp I\s¸s«mcp tNmZyamWv. C´y³ ]mÀesaânepw sat{Sm \Kc§fnepw Bcm[\meb§fnepw Ffp¸¯n Ibdm\mIpsa¶p `oIcÀ CXn\Iw sXfnbn¨pIgnªp.

\½psS clkymt\zjWkwhn[m\§fpw `oIchncp²kwhn[m\§fpw iàns¸Spt¯WvS kabw AXn{Ian¨ncn¡p¶p. ^e{]Zamb \nco£Whpw {]Xntcm[ \S]SnIfpwhgn `oIcsc hnPbIcambn t\cnSm\mIpw. CXp \½Ä sXfnbn¨m C´ybn B{IaWw \S¯p¶Xn\p `oIcÀ cWvSph«w BtemNn¡pw.

F¶mÂ, Gähpw anI¨ ]cnlmcw Imjvaocn P\XbpsS hnizmk amÀPn¡pI F¶XmWv. Ct¸mÄ C´y³ `mKs¯bpw ]mIv A[n\nthi taJebnsebpw ImjvaocnIÄ cWvSpIq«cpw kzX{´ImjvaoÀ F¶ Bib¯n\v A\pIqeamWv. ChcpsS hnizmkw t\SnsbSp¡pIbpw C´ybpsS `mKambn XpScp¶XmWv X§ fpsS XmXv]cy¯n\v Gähpw A\pKpWsa¶v Ahsc t_m[ys¸Sp¯pIbpamWp thWvSXv. Imjvaocnse {]iv\§Ä¡p imizX]cnlmcw thWsa¦n Imjv aocnIfpsS hnizmkw kz´am¡m³ C´y {]tXyI \S]SnIsfSp¡Ww. ImjvaocnIÄ Hcn¡Â C´ys¡m¸w \n¶m ]m¡nØmt\m ssN\bvt¡m AhnsS H¶pw sN¿m\mhnÃ.

kndnb³ bp²¯nse ImWm¸pd§Ä

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amXyp hmgqÀ

aq¶p e£¯ne[nIw t]cpsS acW¯n\pw Zie£§fpsS Iq« ]emb\¯n\pw Hcp cmPy¯nsâ XIÀ¨bv¡pw kÀthm]cn temIw IWvS Gähpw henb `oIc{]Øm\amb sFFknsâ DZb¯n\pw hfÀ¨bv¡pw ImcWamb kndnb³ bp²¯nsâ ImWm¸pd§Ä ]Xps¡ ]pd¯p h¶psImWvSncn¡p¶p. temIw IcpXnbncp¶Xpt]mse, 2011þse Ad_v hk´w F¶ Hma\t¸cn Ad_v cmPy§fn XpS§nb h³ P\Iob {]t£m`§sf¯pSÀ¶p kndnbbnse GIm[n]Xnbmb _jmÀ A AkmZns\Xntc \S¶ {]t£m`§fpsS ^eambà kndnb³ bp²w XpS§nbsX¶p sXfnbp¶ ]e tcJIfpw ]pd¯ph¶ncn¡pIbmWv.

Atacn¡bnse am[ya{]hÀ¯I\pw ]mcnØnXnI {]hÀ¯I\pamb tdm_À«v F^v. sI¶Un PqWnbdnsâ hn¡nenIvkv tcJIsf B[mcam¡nbpÅ teJ\¯n CXpkw_Ôn¨ kp{][m\ hnhc§Ä DÄs¸Sp¯nbn«pWvSv. kuZnþJ¯ÀþXpÀ¡nþ Atacn¡ iànIfpw bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\pw sa\sªSp¯ X{´¯n\v Ad_v hk´w Hcp \nan¯amIpIbmbncp¶p F¶p teJ\w ]dbp¶p.

temI¯nse {]IrXnhmXI tiJc¯nsâ \sÃmcp ]¦pw ssIbnepÅ kuZn, J¯À cmPy§Ä 2000þmw BWvSnsâ XpS¡¯n XpÀ¡nbpambn tNÀ¶p bqtdm]y³ bqWnbs\ e£yam¡n Hcp hmXI ss]¸vsse³ ]²Xn¡p e£yan«ncp¶p. ]²XnbpsS hniZmwi§Ä C§s\bmWv: kuZnbnepw J¯dnepw tPmÀZm\nepw aäpw DXv]mZn¸n¡p¶ {]IrXnhmXIw kndnb hgn XpÀ¡nbnse¯n¡pI. AhnsS\n¶p hnhn[ hnXcWirwJeIÄ hgn bqtdm¸nse hnhn[ cmPy§fn hfsc sNehp Ipdª coXnbn hn]WnIfnse¯n¡pI. kuZn, J¯À, tPmÀZm³, XpÀ¡n cmPy§Ä¡v CXp Ipds¨m¶paà km¼¯nI DWÀthIpI. XpÀ¡n¡v {]IrXnhmXI DXv]mZ\w IpdhmsW¦nepw sSÀan\epIÄ hgnbpÅ hym]mc¯n\p h¼n¨ BZmbw In«pw.

kuZnbpsSbpw J¯nsâbpw DätXmg\mb Atacn¡bv¡v ]²Xn \t¶ Cãs¸«p. bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\nse hn]W\¯n AhÀ¡pw Nne t\«§Ä In«pw. bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\mIs« Ipdª sNehn CÔ\w In«pIbpw sN¿pw. 1500 IntemaoäÀ ssZÀLy¯n ss]¸vsse³ CtSWvS Cu ]²Xn¡v 1000 tImSn tUmfdmWp sNehp {]Xo£n¨Xv. ss]¸vsse³ IS¶pt]mIp¶ kndnbbv¡pw h³ km¼¯nIt\«w DWvSmIpsa¶XpsImWvSp kndnb CXp cWvSpssIbpw \o«n kzoIcn¡psa¶mWp kuZnþAtacn¡³þJ¯À kJyw IcpXnbXv. F¶mÂ, kndnb³ {]knUâv AkmZnsâ ap¶n F¯nbt¸mÄ At±lw \njvIcpWw Cu ]²Xn XÅn. ImcW§Ä ]eXpWvSmbncp¶p.

kndnb³ {]knUâv jnbm hn`mK¯nÂs¸Sp¶bmfmWv. kp¶n cmPy§fmb kuZn, J¯À, tPmÀZm³, XpÀ¡n F¶nh h³ km¼¯nI hfÀ¨ t\Sp¶Xp kndnb B{Kln¡p¶nÃ. {]IrXnhmXI¯m k¼pãamWp jnbm cmPyamb Cdm\pw (Cdm\nÂ\n¶v C´ybnte¡v ss]¸vsse³ Øm]n¡p¶Xn\v BtemNn¨ncp¶p). Cdm\nÂ\n¶p {]IrXnhmXIw kndnbhgn e_\\n F¯n¨v hn]W\w sN¿p¶ Hcp ]²Xn B L«¯n Cu aq¶p cmPy§fpsSbpw ]cnKW\bnepWvSmbncp¶p. J¯ÀþXpÀ¡n ss]¸vsse³ h¶m Cu ]²Xn s]mfnbpw. CXpw ISp¯ Cdm³ ]£]mXnbmb kndnb³ {]knUâns\ J¯ÀþXpÀ¡n ]²Xn XÅm³ t{]cn¸n¨ncn¡mw.

kndnbbpsS IãImew AhnsS XpS§pIbmbncp¶p. jnbm {]knUâv `cn¡pt¼mįs¶ kp¶nIÄ¡p taÂssIbpÅ cmPyamWp kndnb. kndnbsb t\cn«v bp²¯neqsS ]nSns¨Sp¯p kp¶n `qcn]£s¯ D]tbmKn¨p `cn¡m³ AkmZv hncp²À¡p thWsa¦n {ian¡mw. Cdm¡n A_²w ImWn¨ Atacn¡ CXv Hcp ImcWhimepw AwKoIcn¨nÃ. Xs¶bpaà kndnbbv¡p djy³ ]n´pWbpWvSv. kndnbsb XIÀ¡m³ {ian¨m djy shdpsXbncn¡nÃ. ]pSn\mWtÃm AhnsS `cn¡p¶Xv.

C§s\ Ahkcw ]mÀ¯ncp¶ KÄ^vþAtacn¡³þbqtdm¸v iànIÄ¡p hoWpIn«nb \sÃmcp Bbp[ambncp¶p‘Ad_v hk´w. ]pdta t\m¡nbm GIm[n]Xns¡Xntc P\Iob {]t£m`w. {]t£m`w hnPbn¨m cWvSmWp KpWw. kndnb bn kp¶n `cWIqSw Øm]n¡mw. ss]¸vsse³ ]²Xn \S¸nem¡mw.

CXn\p ]änb kndnb³ hnaX t]mcmfnIsf IsWvS¯p¶XnemWv Atacn¡³þbqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ iànIÄ¡v A_²w ]nWªXv. (CXv BZys¯ A_²sam¶pasöv HmÀ¡pI. A^vKm\nØm\nÂ\n¶p tkmhyäv tk\sb ]pd¯m¡m³ Xmen_ms\ krãn¨XphgnbmWtÃm AÂþIzbvZ t]mepÅ `oIc{]Øm\§Ä hfÀ¶Xv). A^vKm³ bp²¯nsâ X\nbmhÀ¯\w t]mse C¡pdn Ad_v iànIÄ IsWvS¯nbXpw PnlmZnIsfbmbncp¶p. P\m[n]Xy apJwaqSn AWnª AhÀ Bbp[§fpw t]mcmfnIsfbpw e`n¨t¸mÄ X§fpsS bYmÀY kz`mhw ImWn¡m³ XpS§n. CXnsâ ^eambmWp temIs¯ apgph³ hnd¸n¡p¶ CkvemanIv tÌäv (sFFkv) t]mepÅ `oIc{]Øm\§Ä ]ndhnsbSp¯v.

kndnbbnÂ\n¶p iàn kw`cn¨ sFFkv Cdm¡nsâ ]IpXnIqSn ]nSns¨Sp¯t¸mgmWv kwKXnbpsS Kuchw ]mÝmXyiànIÄ¡p a\knembXv. ]t£, hfsc Xmakn¨pt]mbncp¶p. sFFkv F¶ `oIckwLS\ C¶p temIsa¼mSpw \ham[ya§Ä hgn BfpIsf dn{Iq«v sN¿p¶p, `oIcm{IaW§Ä \S¯p¶p, A`bmÀYn¡q«§fpsS CSbn \pgªpIbdn bqtdm¸n Aim´n hnXbv¡p¶p.

kndnb³ B`y´cbp²¯n {i²n¡s¸tSWvS Imcyw kndnb³ hnaXcpw PnlmZn¡q«§fpw Ignª A©v hÀjambn XpÀ¡nhgn In«p¶ ap´nb Bbp[§Ä D]tbmKn¨p t]mcmSnbn«pw {]knUâv AkmZns\ A«nadn¡m³ km[n¨n«nà F¶XmWv. IgnªhÀjw ]cmPb¯nsâ h¡nse¯nsb¦nepw djybpsS katbmNnX CSs]SÂaqew `oIccpsS ]nSnbnÂ\n¶p kndnb³ `cWIqSw c£s¸«p.

djybpw Atacn¡bpw XmXvImenI shSn\nÀ¯epIÄ A\h[nsb®w \S¸nem¡nbn«pw AhnsS bp²w XpSÀ¶psImWvSncn¡p¶p. hmWnPyt\«§Ä¡pthWvSn `oIcsc t{]mÕmln¸n¨m F´mWp temI¯n\p e`n¡p¶Xv F¶Xn\pÅ D¯a DZmlcWamWv C¶s¯ kndnb.

Ifn¡p¶hcpw Ifn¸n¡p¶hcpw!

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tIcf¯n IayqWnÌv hncp²cpsS A`btI{µw X§fmsW¶pw X§Ä am{XamsW¶pw hcp¯n¯oÀ¡m\pw B hnImcw IqSn apXem¡n tIcf¯nse A[nImc¡tkc ]nSns¨Sp¡m\pw hfsc Bkq{XnXamb \o¡§fmWp _nsP]n \S¯p¶Xv. AXneqsS Ct¸mgs¯ IayqWnÌv ssienIfnepw t\Xm¡fpsS PohnXssienIfnepw AaÀjapÅ kJm¡sfbpw IayqWnÌv hncp²XsImWvSp am{Xw heXpap¶Wn¡p thm«p Ip¯ns¡mWvSncp¶hscbpsaÃmw R§fpsS ]mfb¯nem¡m³ X{´]qÀhamb \o¡§Ä AhÀ \S¯p¶p. R§fmWv, R§Ä am{XamWv tIcf¯n {]Xn]£w F¶ Nn´ ]SÀ¯n AXneqsSbpw Ipsdt¸sc hi¯m¡m³ \o¡w \S¡p¶p. IayqWnÌpImÀ ImWn¡p¶ GIm[n]Xy {]hWXbvs¡Xntc AtX \mWb¯n {]XnIcn¨psImWvSp _nsP]n P\§fpsS a\kn ChÀt¡ hÃXpw ]äq F¶ Nn´bv¡p _ew ]Icp¶p.

FÃm Ifnbnepw X§Ä¡p In«p¶ {]tbmP\w am{Xw IW¡m¡nbmWv AhÀ¡v FÃm _Ô§fpsa¶p hyàw. AXn\pthWvSn tZiobXe¯n Xs¶ ]e Xocpam\§fpw AhscSp¡p¶p. ]ZhnIÄ sImSp¡m³ XbmdmIp¶p. kptcjv tKm]n _nsP]n BbXpw, _nUnsPkv F³UnFbn tNÀ¶XpsaÃmw C¯cw \o¡pt]m¡nsâ ASbmf§Ä. F¶mÂ, Ignª \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸n AhcpsS ap¶Wnbmb F³UnFbnse {]_eI£nbmbncp¶ shÅm¸ÅnbpsS _nUnsPFkn\p sImSp¡msa¶p ]dªsXm¶pw C\nbpw sImSp¯n«nÃ. am{Xaà Ct¸mÄ Ahsc Imcyambn ]cnKWn¡p¶panÃ.

HmWs¯ hma\Pb´n B¡n tNcnXncnhpIÄ DWvSm¡m³ ImWn¨“X{´ÚXbpw, AXp ]mfp¶p F¶p IWvSt¸mÄ ]ntä¶pXs¶ ]m«p amänh¨XpsaÃmw DZmlcW§fmWv. D¯À{]tZinepw aäpw \S¡m\ncn¡p¶ sXcsªSp¸v ap¶n IWvSv Bkq{XWw sN¿p¶ X{´s¯¡pdn¨pÅ kqN\IÄ t]mepw Ah icnbmsW¦n `bw Dfhm¡p¶pWvSv.

tImgnt¡m«v \S¡p¶ tZiob kt½f\hpw A Xn {][m\a{´nbpw H¼Xp kwØm\ apJya{´namcpw tI{µa{´namcpw Hs¡ ]s¦Sp¡p¶Xpw ]mÀ«nbpsS tZiob A[y£³ {]tXyI hnam\¯n tImgnt¡ms«¯nbXpsaÃmw _nsP]n sNdnb ao\à F¶p amtemIsc t_m[ys¸Sp¯m³ Xs¶bmWv. P\kwJybn 30 iXam\t¯mfw apkv enwIfpÅ Bkman Häbv¡p `qcn]£w ]nSn¡m\mbtXmsS AXnt\¡mÄ Ffp¸amWtÃm tIcf¯nse kmapZmbnI LS\ F¶ IW¡pIq«epw AhÀ¡v Bthiw ]Icp¶pWvSv. tIm¬{Kknsâ \nbak`m I£n H¶S¦w Iqdpamdnb AcpWmNenset¸mepÅ Hm¸tdj³kv tIcf¯nepw \S¡pw Fs¶ms¡ AhcpsS apXnÀ¶ t\Xm¡Ä Xs¶ ]dbp¶Xns\ aeÀs¸mSn¡mcsâ Znhmkz]v\w F¶p ]cnlkn¡pt¼mgpw GXp Ifn¡pw AhÀ apXncpw F¶ kXysa¦nepw AXnÂ\n¶p hmbns¨Spt¡WvSXpWvSv.

Beokv AZv`pXtemI¯n F¶ hnJymXIr Xnbn sehnkv ImcÄ AhXcn¸n¡p¶ Hcp Akm[mcW aplqÀ¯apWvSv. ]e hgnIÄ kÔn¡p¶ Hcp CSs¯¯nb Beokv GXp hgn t]mIWw F¶dnbmsX _p²nap«nembn. hgn ]dbm³ BcpanÃ. t\m¡pt¼mÄ ac¯n sNjbÀ ]q¨bpWvSv. Beokv tNmZn¨p GXmWv icnbmb hgn? sNjbÀ]q¨ sXc¡n, \n\¡v FhnsSbmWv Ft¯WvSXv? A§s\ H¶panà F¶v Beokv ]dªp. At¸mÄ sNjbÀ ]q¨ ]dªp, F¦n GXp hgn t]mbmepw Ipg¸anÃ. hyànIÄ¡pw {]Øm\§Ä¡pw \mSn\psams¡ hgn sXcsªSp¡p¶Xn kp{][m\amWv F¯nt¨tcWvS e£yw.

_nsP]n¡p IrXyamb e£yapWvSv. tIcf¯neS ¡w FÃmbnS¯pw A[nImcw ]nSn¡Ww. AXn\pÅ FÃm \o¡§Ä¡pw adtbm tas¼mSntbm Bbn hnIk\w F¶ hfsc BIÀjIhpw AÀY]qÀW hpamb hm¡pw D]tbmKn¡p¶p. `mcX¯n A[n Imc¯ntedn cWvSp hÀjw ]n¶nSpt¼mÄ temIs¯ Ãmw hne Ipdª s]t{Smfn\pt]mepw hneIq«nbn«pw AhÀ A¯cw ap{ZmhmIy§fpambn thm«p t\Sp¶p.

hc¼¯p Iqen

_nsP]nbnte¡pÅ Hgp¡ns\¡pdn¨p icn¡pw t_m[yapÅ kn]nFw t]mepw AXp XSbm³ hc¼¯pXs¶ Iqen’sImSp¡pI F¶ {]Xntcm[X{´w am{XamWv BhnjvIcn¡p¶Xv. hc¼¯p Iqen F¶ ]mÀ«n kwØm\ sk{I«dn sImSntbcn _meIrjvWsâ \nÀtZiw ]mÀ«n hn«pt]mIp¶hsc \n{Kln¨v A¯cw Hgp¡pIÄ XSbm\pÅ sIme]mXI§Ä am{XaÃ. Bfp t]mImXncn¡m³ {io\mcmbWKpcp Pb´n¡pw {ioIrjvWPb´n¡pw Hs¡ ]mÀ«nXs¶ ap³ssIsbSp¯v AhsbÃmw \S¯p¶Xpw hc¼¯p sImSp¡p¶ IqenbmWv. {ioIrjvWPb´n¡p _metKmIpew \S¯p¶ tim`mbm{Xbn X§fpsS Ip«nIÄ t]mImXncn¡p¶Xn\p kn]nF½pImcpw A¶pX s¶ Ip«nIfpsS tLmjbm{XIfpw aäpw kwLSn¸n¡p¶p! ]mÀ«nbpsS t\XrXz¯n “IayqWnÌv tbmK’\S¯p¶p.

hÀj§fmbn ]mÀ«n ¢mkpIfneqsS Hcp¡s¸«hÀ¡p ]pXnb DÄhnfnIÄ DWvSmIp¶psWvS¦n ta\n¸pd¯pÅ NnInÕt]msc¶v C\nbpw AhÀ¡p a\knemb a«nÃ. `mcX¯nsâ sFIyhpw AJÞXbpw \ne\nÀ¯m\pw kn]nFw t]mepÅ {]Øm\§Ä¡p `mcX¯n \ne\n¡m\pw ]änb cmjv{Sob\ne]mSv GsX¶p Xncn¨dnbm³ t]mepw AhÀ¡mhp¶nÃ.

BcmWp ^mknÌv?

_nsP]n ^mknÌv BtWm F¶ Imcy¯n AhcpsS tZiob t\Xm¡Ä¡p hyàX t]mcm. aq¶p XhW ]mÀ«nsb \bn¨ Imcm«n\p ]tWvS kwibapWvSv. B kwibamWp ]mÀ«nsb C¸cph¯n F¯n¨sX¶p a\knemIm¯ ]ecpw Ct¸mgpapWvSv. _nsP]n ^mknÌv Asöp IcpXp¶ Imcm«v {Kq¸pImcmWp tIcf¯nse t\XrXz¯n IqSpX F¶XpsImWvSv ChnSs¯ AhcpsS ssien a\knem¡pI Ffp¸amWv. F¶mÂ, tIm ¬{Kkns\ CÃmXm¡m³ \S¯p¶ Hmtcm \o¡hpw kn]nF½n\Ã, _nsP]n¡mWp KpWw sN¿p¶sX ¶p a\knemIp¶panÃ. tIm¬{Kkn\p hwi\miw DWvSmbm AXnse P\s¯ Hcn¡epw X§Ä¡p In«nà F¶ Xncn¨dnhv AhÀ¡pWvSmIp¶nÃ.

tIm¬{Kknse ]ecpw AhnsS \n¡p¶Xv Bib]camb ImcW§tf¡mÄ IayqWnÌpImtcmSpÅ FXnÀ¸psImWvSmWv. tIm¬{Kkv CÃmXmbm AhÀ IayqWnÌmImsX Ahsc FXnÀ¡p¶ ]mÀ«n tXSpw. _wKmfn tIm¬{Kkpw kn]nF½pw klIcn¨n«pw tIm¬{KkpImÀ am{Xw Pbn¨Xv AXpsImWvSmWv. IayqWnÌpImÀ henb Imcy§sfms¡ ]dbpt¼mgpw Ducphne¡pw AXpt]mepÅ GIm[n]Xyhnt\mZ§fpw aqew P\s¯ shdp¸n¡p¶ ssienIÄ amänbnsæn AsXÃmw _nsP]n¡p hfamIpw. hmfp Im«n IqsS \nÀ¯m\pÅ \o¡w eoKpImcpsSbpw _nsP]n¡mcpsSbpw Ie¯n thhnÃ.


hnIk\hpw CÃ

CSXpap¶Wn h¶m FÃmw icnbmIpw F¶ hnIk\ ap{ZmhmIyw apg¡n tIcf¯n A[nImcw Xncn¨p]nSn¨ CSXpap¶Wn¡p P\§fpsS hnIk\Zml¯n\p Xr]vXnIcamb adp]SnbpWvSv F¶p {]Xymi Xcp¶ \o¡§Ä t]mepw \S¯m\mbnÃ. AgnaXn CÃmXm¡psa¶p ]dbpt¼mgpw AgnaXnt¡kn {]Xnbmb DtZymKØ\p \nba]cambn sImSpt¡WvS in£ t]mepw sImSp¡m¯ kmlNcyhpw DWvSv. ]mT]pkvXI§Ä t]mepÅhbpsS Imcy¯nepw P\m[n]Xyap¶Wn \n¶nS¯p Xs¶ \n¡p¶p. apJya{´n IgnªZnhkw PnÃm IfIvSÀamtcmSp ]dªXpt]mse DtZymKØtcmSp Nne \à Imcy§sfms¡ ]dbp¶pWvSv. ]t£ HmWmtLmj \nÀtZiw t]memWv. ]eXpw \S¡p¶nÃ. A[nImc¯nte¡p ]mÀ«nIsfbpw ap¶WnIsfbpw amdnamdn t\m¡p¶ aebmfn F´mhpw sN¿m\ncn¡pI F¶p ]dbm\mhnÃ.


hgnbdnbmsX tIm¬{Kkv

tIcf¯nse tIm¬{Kkv icn¡pw Im«nse \m¡hebn \n¡p¶ Beoknsâ ØnXnbnemWv. t]mtIWvSXv Ft§ms«¶v Hcp \nÝbhpanÃ. A[nImc¯n XpScm\pÅ \à kmlNcyw IfªpIpfn¨XmWv. aq¶p t\Xm¡·mcpw cWvSp {Kq¸pIfpambn Iq\w]mebpsS Imbv t]mse At§m«pw Ct§m«pw Xncnªp\n¡p¶hÀ¡v F§s\ e£yapWvSmhpw? apkvenw eoKv tkmWnbmKmÔn¡p ]cmXn sImSp¯n«pWvSv. amäsam¶pw Csæn eoKv F´mhptam sN¿pI? ap¶WnsImWvSv Gsd {]tbmP\w DWvSm¡nbhcmWhÀ. AhcpsS \nbak`bnse AwK_ew Xs¶ tIm¬{Kkn\v ASp¯mbn«pWvSv.

\qdp Znhkw am{Xw ]n¶n« kÀ¡mcns\Xntc henb tImemlew Im«nbm P\w CfIpItbm IqsS hcpItbm sN¿psa¶p IcpXm\mhnÃ. P\m[n]Xyap¶Wn“tÌPv XIcm³’ am{Xw t\Xm¡fpambn \S¯p¶ kac§Äs¡m¶pw Ct¸mÄ henbkwLw P\s¯ BIÀjn¡m³ Ignbp¶nÃ. I®qcn kn]nFw A{Iacmjv{Sob¯ns\Xntc \S¯nb kacw Xs¶ DZmlcWw. henb P\¡q«tam henb am[ya{i² t]meptam DWvSmbnÃ. AhnsS am[ya{i² In«nbtXm NS§nse sI]nknkn A[y£sâ Akm¶n[y¯n\v! P\m[n]Xyap¶WnbpsS Gähpw henb ]mÀ«nbmb tIm¬{Kknsâ kwØm\ A[y£\nÃmsX ap¶WnbpsS ]cn]mSn \S¡p¶p F¶Xv AXnÂXs¶ ]cnlmkatÃ?

amWn P\m[n]Xyap¶Wnbn DWvSmbncp¶ Ime¯v At±l¯nsâ kuIcyw Adnbm³ ]cn]mSn amänh¨hcmWv Ct¸mÄ kp[oc³ CÃmsX ]Wn \S¯nbXv! C§s\ Ifn¡p¶hÀ¡v F§s\ P\]n´pW In«pw? kzm{ib {]m^jW tImfPpIfnse ^oknsâ Imcy¯n kÀ¡mcns\Xntc bq¯v tIm¬{Kkv kac¯nemWv. ¢¨v ]nSn¡m³ hgnbnsömWp ]ecpsSbpw hnebncp¯Â. ^oknsâ Imcy¯n F´p amäw hcp¯m\mhpsa¶mtWm bq¯v tIm¬{KkpImÀ IcpXp¶Xv? Npcp¡¯nÂ, F´p sN¿Wsat¶m F§s\ sN¿Wsat¶m Adnbm¯hsct¸mse Bbn«pWvSp tIm¬{Kkv.


D½³ NmWvSnbnse X{´Ú³

]{X§Ä¡p Xes¡«pWvSm¡p¶ ]cmaÀi§Ä hnfn¨p]dbp¶Xà cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯\w. X{´w Adnªp \o¡§Ä \S¯p¶XmWv. AXn\pÅ t\cnb ssh`hsa¦nepw ASp¯Ime¯p {]ISn¸n¨ tIm¬{Kkv t\Xmhv D½³ NmWvSnbmWv. P\]n´pW In«mhp¶ Hcp kac¯nsâ kqN\ D½³ NmWvSn IWvSp. AXp aZy\b¯n kÀ¡mÀ hcp¯ntb¡msa¶p IcpXp¶ amä¯nsâ t]cnemWv. Cu Xocpam\s¯ FXnÀ¯m Nne k½ÀZ kwL§sfms¡ If¯nend§psa¶p XoÀ¨bmWv. kac¯n\v AhÀ P\s¯bpw sImWvSphcpsa¶v At±lw IW¡pIq«p¶p.

AXpsImWvSv At±l¯nse NmWIy³ DWÀ¶p. aZy\b¯n amäw hcp¯nbm kacw F¶v At±lw {]Jym]n¨pIgnªp. 1957se hntamN\kacw C.Fw.Fkv kÀ¡mcnsâ hnZym`ymk \nba¯ns\Xntc hfÀ¶ P\apt¶ä¯n\pWvSmb ]cnWmaw Bbncp¶tÃm? aZy\bs¯ adbm¡n A¯cw Hcp kac¯n\p XpS¡w Ipdn¡mtam F¶ Nn´ At±l¯n\pWvSmhpw. A]ISw a\knem¡m³ I®qÀ kJm¡Ä¡pÅ hnthN\tijn H¶p thsdbmWv.

\mb\mÀ kÀ¡mcnsâ Imew. A¡mes¯ [\a{´n hniz\mYtat\m³ AhXcn¸n¨ _Pänse Nne \nÀtZi§Äs¡Xntc Bcw`n¨ kacw XpScp¶Xp IWvSt¸mÄ \mb\mÀ D]tZin¨p; tat\ms\, ]pXnb hntamN\kac¯nse¯pw ap¼v \nÀtZiw Xncp¯nt¡m F¶v. AXpt]mse ]nWdmbnbpw BWbnSp¶p aZy\bamäw Xocpam\n¨n«nà F¶v. FIvsskkv a{´n ]t£ amäpw, amätWvS Fs¶ms¡ ]dªp\S¡p¶pw DWvSv. P\m[n]Xyap¶Wn¡p {]Xo£bv¡p hI sImSp¡p¶pWvSv kÀ¡mÀ hcp¯ntb¡mhp¶ aZy\b amäw.

]cnlmc{InbItfm?

kn]nsF¡mc\mb Irjna{´n kp\nÂIpamÀ \à Bthiw ImWn¡p¶pWvSv. Xcnimbn C«ncn¡p¶ aq¶p e£w slIvSÀ `qan Irjn sN¿m\pÅ \à \o¡w \S¯pIbmWv At±lw. kÀ¡mÀ hnXbv¡p¶p, sNeshÃmw kÀ¡mÀ \S¯p¶p. em`w h¶mepw \jvSw h¶mepw kÀ¡mcn\v. \jvSw h¶XpsImWvSp kp\nÂIpamdn\p hyàn]cambn Hcp {]iv\hpw DWvSmhnÃ. C¡mcW§ÄsImWvSp kÀ¡mÀ sNehn At±l¯n\p Irjn DÕhw \S¯mw. F¶mÂ, Irjn PohnXamÀKam¡nb IÀjI\v AXn\p km[n¡ptam?

F´psImWvSmWp IÀjIÀ Irjn Dt]£n¨Xv F¶ Nn´ Ct¸msg¦nepw DbtcWvSXpWvSv. AXn\p ]cnlmcw ImWpIbpw thWw. Csæn Irjn Hcp taftbm DÕhtam Bbn am{Xw \ne\n¡pw. IayqWnÌpImÀ hbepIfn hnX¨ sXmgnemfnkÀhm[n]Xyhpw, AXneqsS Irjn¡mc\p kzX{´ ambn hnXbv¡mt\m sIm¿mt\m H¶pw km[n¡m¯hn[¯n DWvSm¡nb `oIcmhØbpw FÃmatà \½psS \mSns\ C¸cph¯nem¡nbXv? Ip«\m«nse dmWn, Nn¯nc, amÀ¯mÞw hbepIsfms¡ kÀ¡mÀ GsäSp¯n«pw Irjn sN¿m\mbnÃ.

Irjn sNbvXv A¶w hnfbn¨ IÀjIt\mSp ImWn¨ {IqcXbpsS ^ewIqSnbmWp Xcnimbn InS¡p¶ hbepIÄ. tIcft¯mSp tNcmXncp¶ XncphnXmIqdnsâ `mKamb I\ymIpamcnbn Ct¸mgpw IrjnbpWvSv. kp\nÂIpamÀ sN¿p¶Xv AXpsImWvSv Hcp ]cnlmc{InbbmWv. tIcf¯nse hbepIÄ Xcnim¡m³ ImcW¡mcmbhcpsS ]cnlmc{Inb.

\mSnsâ \·bv¡pthWvSn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ Øm]\§sf ap³þ]n³ t\m«anÃmsX sXmgnemfn¡p thWvSn am{Xam¡nbm B Øm]\§fpw {]Øm\§fpw \in¡pI F¶Xmhpw ^ew. tIcf¯nse IbÀ taJe \in¨Xv b{´hXvIcWs¯ XSªXp sImWvStÃ? IiphWvSn¡mbn A\ykwØm\§fn Øew ]m«¯ns\Sp¯v Irjn sN¿p¶pt]mepw. tIcf¯nse klIcWkwL§fnseÃmw Htc \nc¡n i¼fam¡nbXv Zpc´ambntÃ? ]e sNdnb kwL§Ä¡pw ]nSn¨p\n¡m\mhmsX ]qt«WvSnh¶p. AhnsS DWvSmbncp¶hcpsS h³ i¼fw am{Xaà tPmenbpw t]mbn. NphcpsWvS¦nte Nn{XsagpXm\mhq F¶Xv FÃmhcpw ad¡p¶p. Ct¸mÄ \gvkpamcpsS Ipdª i¼fw 20,000 cq]bm¡n. AXv ASnt¨Â¸n¨m ]e sNdnb Bip]{XnIfpw apt¶m«p t]mIm\mhmsX ]qt«WvSnhcpw. AhnSw sImWvSp Ignbp¶ km[mcW¡mÀ¡pw h³ Bip]{XnIsf B{ibnt¡WvSnhcpw. AXpWvSm¡p¶ IqSnb sNehv Duln¡mhp¶XtÃ.

kÀ¡mÀ i¼fw sImSp¡p¶Xp “t\m«Sn¨mWv. ]WapWvSm¡nbÃ. kÀ¡mÀ kvIqfpIfnembmepw Bip]{XnIfnembmepw i¼fw hm§p¶hÀ thWvS hn[w tPmen sN¿p¶ptWvSm? BßmÀYXbpÅhÀ [mcmfapWvSmhpw. ]s£ AhnsS ip{iqj tXSn F¯p¶hcpsS _mlpeyw sImWvSmhpw, Xr]vXnIc ambn tkh\w In«p¶ F{X Øm]\§fpWvSv?

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