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{_nIvkv _m¦n ]pXnb {]Xo£IÄ

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tUm. kt´mjv thc\m\n

{_koense Xoc\Kcamb t^mÀ«tekbn \S¶ BdmaXp {_nIvkv D¨tImSnsb hfsc {i²tbmsSbmWp temIw t\m¡n¡WvSXv. A©p hnIkzc cmjv{S§fpsS A´ÀtZiob Iq«mbvabmb {_nIvknsâ t^mÀ«tek kt½f\w temI_m¦n\pw A´ÀtZiob \mWy\n[n¡pw (sFFwF^v) ISp¯ shÃphnfn DbÀ¯¯¡coXnbn ]pXnb hnIk\ _m¦v cWvSp hÀj¯n\pÅn cq]hXvIcn¡psa¶ {]Jym]\hpambmWp ]ncnªXv. AwKcmPy§Äs¡Ãmw Xpey Hmlcn]¦mfn¯w ]pXnb hnIk\ _m¦n DWvSmhpsa¶mWp hyhØ.

ka{KhfÀ¨, kpØnchnIk\w F¶ {]tabw tI{µam¡nbmWv Bdmw {_nIvkv D¨tImSn \S¶Xv. temIP\kwJybpsS 42.1 iXam\s¯ DÄs¡mÅpIbpw temI hcpam\¯nsâ (PnUn]n) 28.1 iXam\w ssIbmfpIbpw sN¿p¶ {_koÂ, djy, C´y, ssN\, Z£nWm{^n¡ F¶o cmPy§fpsS Iq«mbvabmWp {_nIvkv. kzm`mhnIambpw IuXpIt¯mSpw BImw£tbmSpwIqSnbmWp km¼¯nINn´Icpw temIam[ya§fpw {_nIvkv {]Jym]\§Ä ho£n¨Xv. XnI¨p Ak´penXhpw ]mÝmXytNcn cmjv{S§Ä¡p \nÀWmbI kzm[o\apÅXpamb s{_«¬hpUvkv Cc«IÄ¡p (sFFwF^v, temI _m¦v) _Zembn {_nIvkv _m¦v bmYmÀYyamhptam F¶ Imcy¯n IqSpX BImw£bpWvSmbncp¶p.

F¶mÂ, ]pXnb hnIk\_m¦v (New Development Bank) F¶ C´y³ {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZn \nÀtZin¨ t]cp kzoIcn¨psImWvSv ssN\bpsS hmWnPy XeØm\amb jmMvlmbv tI{µam¡n {_nIvkv _m¦v bmYmÀYy¯nte¡Sp¡pIbmWv. XpS¡¯n Bdp hÀjt¯¡v C´y¡v A[y£]Zhnbpw e`n¡pw. XpSÀ¶v A©p hÀj¡mew h¨v Z£nWm{^n¡bpw djybpw _m¦v A[y£]Zhnbnse¯m\pw [mcWbmbn«pWvSv.

{_nIvkv _m¦n\p ]pdsa sFFwF^n\p _Zembn {_nIvkv k©nX\n[n (Currency Reserve Fund) cq]hXvIcn¡psa¶ {]Jym]\hpw t^mÀ«tekbn DWvSmbn. 10,000 tImSn tUmfÀ aqe[\t¯msSbpÅ k©nX\n[nbn ssN\ 4100 tImSn tUmfdpw C´y, djy, {_ko F¶o cmPy§Ä 1800 tImSn tUmfÀ hoXhpw Z£nWm{^n¡ 500 tImSn tUmfdpw \nt£]n¡m\pw D¨tImSnbn [mcWbmbn. hnIkzc cmjv{S§Ä¡v ASnØm\kuIcyhnIk\¯n\p ^WvSpIÄ A\phZn¡pI F¶XmWp {_nIvkv _m¦nsâ {]mYanI e£yw.

2001þ tKmÄUvam³ kmIvkv F¶ Atacn¡³ _m¦nwKv irwJebpsS ko\nbÀ sshkv {]knUâmbncp¶ Pnw H\o BWv {_nIv F¶ Bibw apt¶m«ph¨Xv. (_m¦nsâ D¶X t{iWnbnepWvSmbncp¶ aebmf¡cbn thcpIfpÅ cq] ]pcptjm¯a\pw {_nIv F¶ Bibw apt¶m«phbv¡p¶Xn \nÀWmbI kw`mh\IÄ \S¯nbn«pWvSv.) 2001þ Bibw hs¶¦nepw "{_nI' bmYmÀYyambXv 2009þ djybnse sbIXmcn³_ÀKn \S¶ BZy D¨tImSnbnemWv. ]n¶oSv {_koenbbnepw ssN\bnse k\ymbnepw cWvSpw aq¶pw D¨tImSnIÄ \S¶p.

2011 hsc {_nIv am{Xambncp¶ Iq«mbva Z£nWm{^n¡bpsS BKa\t¯msS {_nIvkv Bbn amdn. AÀPâo\ IqSn Cu ]mÝmXy_Z tNcnbnte¡p IS¶phcnIbmsW¦n Hcp]t£ sshImsX {_nIvk F¶mbn Cu Iq«mbva amdm\pw CSbpWvSv. 2012þ UÂlnbn \S¶ D¨tImSnbnemWv {_nIvkv _m¦v F¶ Bibw apfs]m«p¶Xv.

2013þ Z£nWm{^n¡bnse UÀ_³ D¨tImSnbn BXntYb\mb {]knUâv tP¡_v kpa kt½f\m\´cw aäp {][m\ B{^n¡³ cmPy§sfbpw kulrZkw`mjW¯n\p £Wn¨Xp hfsc {i²t\Sn. CXnsâ NphSp]nSn¨v, {_koen Pqsse 15, 16 XobXnIfn \S¶ D¨tImSn¡ptijw {_nIvkv t\Xm¡Ä XeØm\amb {_koenbmbnÂh¨v {][m\s¸« sX¡³ Atacn¡³ cmPyt\Xm¡fpambn kulrZkw`mjWw \S¯pIbpWvSmbn. sX¡³ Atacn¡³ cmPy§fpsS km¼¯nI Iq«mbvabmb, saÀtImkpÀ F¶ Iq«mbvabpambn {_nIvkv t\Xm¡Ä \S¯nb NÀ¨Ifpw ]pXnb Znimt_m[w ]Icp¶Xmbn.

AÀPâo\, sh\tkze, CIztUmÀ, sImfw_nb, s]dp XpS§nb cmPy§fpsS Xeh·mcpambn {_nIvkv t\Xm¡Ä \S¯nb IqSn¡mgvN ]mÝmXytNcn¡p iàamb ktµiamWp \ÂInbXv. {]tXyIn¨pw Atacn¡bpw P¸m\pw bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\pw tNÀ¶p sFFwF^pw thÄUv _m¦pw \nb{´n¡pIbpw \bn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ kmlNcy¯nÂ. F¶mÂ, 185 AwKcmPy§fpÅ sFFwF^n\v F{Xt¯mfw shÃphnfn DbÀ¯m³ {_nIvkv _m¦n\pw k©nX\n[n¡pw Ignbpsa¶Xp IWvSdntbWvS ImcyamWv.

klIcW¯nsâ ]pXnb _Zsemcp¡m\pÅ {ia§Ä¡nSbnepw auenIamb \b\ne]mSpIfnse sshPmXy§fpw sshcp[y§fpw {_nIvkns\ ZpÀ_es¸Sp¯p¶pWvSv. ssN\bpsS A[oiXz at\m`mhhpw {Inanbsb bps{Ibv\nÂ\n¶p ASÀ¯namän djytbmSp Iq«nt¨À¯ djy³ \ne]mSpw DZmlcW§Ä. bpF³ c£mkanXnbnse cWvSp ØncmwK§Ä F¶ \nebn bpF³ \hoIcW¯n\pw ]pXnb AwK§fpsS {]thi\¯n\pw Cu cWvSp cmPy§fpsS ]n´pW C´ybpw {_koepw Z£nWm{^n¡bpw {]Xo£n¡p¶pWvSv. ]pdta¡p djybpw ssN\bpw A\p`mh]qÀWamb kao]\amWp kzoIcn¡p¶sX¦nepw bmYmÀYy¯nte¡v ASp¡pt¼mÄ F´p \ne]mSv kzoIcn¡psa¶Xp t\m¡n¡mtWWvSXpXs¶bmWv.

C´y³ {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZnsb kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw NpaXetbsäSp¯Xn\ptijapÅ BZy D¨tImSn F¶ \nebv¡pÅ {]m[m\yw t^mÀ«tek kt½f\¯n\pWvSv. Z£ntWjy¡¸pdapÅ temIt\Xm¡fpambn kw`mjW¯n\pÅ BZy Ahkcw ssIh¶Xp {_nIvkv thZnbn Xs¶bmbXv Gsd t\«ambn. D¨tImSn¡nsS Xs¶ ssN\okv {]knUâv jn Nn³]nwKpambpÅ D`bI£n NÀ¨bpw djy³ {]knUâv hvfmUnanÀ ]pSns\ IqSwIpfw BWh\nebw kµÀin¡m³ £Wn¨XpsaÃmw s]m³XqhepIfmbn.

kaImenI temIcmjv{Sob kw`hhnImk§fpw DbÀ¶ph¶ Bdmw D¨tImSnbn Cdm¡nsebpw bps{Ibv\nsebpw AkzØXIÄ, Atacn¡³ tZiob kpc£m GP³knbpsS \nco£Whpw XpSÀ¶pWvSmb AkmÂPbpsSbpw FtUzUv kvt\mUsâbpw shfns¸Sp¯epIÄ, Atacn¡³ tk\ ]n³hm§p¶ A^vKm\nØm\nse AhØ XpS§nbhsbÃmw NÀ¨mhnjb§fmbn. Atacn¡³ tk\ ]n³hm§nb tijapÅ A^vKm\nØm³ djy¡pw ssN\bv¡pw C´y¡pw Htct]mse AkzmØyw krãn¡psa¶Xn\m hfsc Kucht¯mSpIqSnbmWv A^vKm³ hnjbw NÀ¨sN¿s¸«Xv.

ap¶qdp tImSn P\§sf {]Xn\n[m\w sN¿p¶Xpw 24 {Sney¬ tUmfÀ PnUn]n hnlnXapÅXpamb {_nIvkv Iq«mbvamcmPy§Ä¡p tUmfÀ A[njvTnXamb temI k¼ZvhyhØ¡p _Zset¶mWw Hcp ]pXnb Id³kn AhXcn¸n¡m³ km[n¡ptam F¶Xpw D¨tImSnbn NÀ¨bv¡p hnjbambn.

]pXnsbmcp kmÀhtZiob cmjv{Sob¯n\p t\XrXzw \evIm\pÅ Ncn{X]camb NpaXe ssIbmfp¶ {_nIvkn\v hnIkzc cmjv{S§fpsS XzcnXhnIk\¯n NmeIiànbmbn hÀ¯n¡m³ km[n¡pw. 1944þ cq]wsImWvS s{_«¬hpUvkv kwhn[m\§Ä¡pw AXnsâ AkaXz§Ä¡pw iàamb D¯camhWw {_nIvkv sUhe]vsaâv _m¦v. Hcp \htemIkrãn¡mbn {_nIvkv IqSpX hfcpIbpw iàns¸SpIbpw sN¿psa¶p {]Xo£n¡mw. Atacn¡³ tI{µoIrXamb GI{[phtemILS\bn Gsd amä§Ä krãn¡m³ Ignbp¶ kwLS\bmbn ]©cmjv{S Iq«mbvabv¡p amdm³ Ignbptam?


A½sb XÃnbXv B\hSn¡v

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IqcncpÄkmb´\w / sdPn tPmk^v þ7

Xncph\´]pcw Imªncw]md kztZinbmb tZhInb½ cWvSp hÀjw ap¼p Xncph\´]pcw hgpX¡mSv hÀ¡nwKv hna³kv Atkmkntbjsâ tjmÀ«v tÌ tlmanse¯nb kw`hw Øm]\¯nsâ kq{]WvSv kckzXn hniZoIcn¨p. kwØm\s¯ Hcp ap³ t]meokv UbdÎÀ P\densâ ktlmZcnbmbncp¶p tZhInb½. F¬]¯ncWvSmw hbkn I®otcmsS tjmÀ«v tÌ tlmanse¯pt¼mÄ ZpxJhpw ZpcnXhpw \ncmibpambncp¶p B apJ¯v.

Iãs¸«p hfÀ¯n \à \nebnem¡nb cWvSp s]¬a¡Ä¡pw AhcpsS `À¯m¡·mÀ¡pw AhÀ A[nI¸ämbtXmsS hn[hbmb B A½bv¡p kz´w F¶p ]dbm³ BcpanÃmXmbn. aq¯aIÄ t]mÌ kq{]WvSpw CfbaIÄ kvIqÄ slUvankv{Skpambncp¶p. a¡Ä¡p thWvSmXmbtXmsS tUmÎdmb sIm¨paIÄs¡m¸w Ipsd¡mew Ignªp. ]u{XnbpsS cWvSp Ipªp§Ä¡p Imhencn¡m\mWv AhnsS A`bw \ÂInbXv.

tZhInb½bv¡p Npabpw InX¸pw izmkwap«epw ]XnhmbtXmsS tUmÎdmb sIm¨paIÄ¡pw AhcpsS `À¯mhn\pw Aev]w NnInÕbpw acp¶pw \ÂIm³ a\kpWvSmbnÃ. hey½bv¡v FhnsSsb¦nepw t]mbn¡qtS F¶ tNmZyw sIm¨paIfnÂ\n¶p tIÄt¡WvS Xmakw AhnSwhn«p. Hcp ZnhkwIqSn AhnsS InS¡m\pw Hcp t\cw IqSn Iªn IpSn¡m\pw A`nam\w A\phZn¨nÃ.

knän t]meokv tÌj\n A`bw tXSnb hr²sb h\nXm t]meokmWp sjÂäÀ tlmanse¯n¨Xv. tcmKnbmb A½ Cu Øm]\¯nsâ klmbt¯msS Poh\mwiw tXSn a¡Äs¡Xntc tIkpsImSp¯p. htbmP\ \nba{]Imcw cWvSp a¡fpw amkw A¿mbncw cq] hoXw A½bv¡p Poh\mwiw \ÂIm³ Xncph\´]pcw BÀUnH D¯chmbn.

`À¯mhnsâ acWtijw kz´ambpWvSmbncp¶ 88 skâv Øew tZhInb½ cWvSp a¡Ä¡pambn hoXw h¨p \ÂInbncp¶p. Poh\mwiw e`n¨pXpS§nbtXmsS tZhInb½sb Cu tlmanÂ\n¶p IWnbm]pc¯pÅ htbmP\ `h\¯nte¡p amän. Cu aµnc¯n InS¶v IgnªhÀjw tZhInb½ acn¨p.

1999 {]Jym]n¨ tZiob htbmP\\bw ]cnjvIcn¡m³ tUm. tamln\n KncnbpsS t\XrXz¯n cq]hXvIcn¨ I½nän 2011 amÀ¨v 30\p tI{µ IpSpw_t£a a{´meb¯n\p dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¨p. Ipdª {]Xnamk hmÀ[Iy s]³j³ 1000 cq]bm¡Wsa¶pw cmPys¯ apXnÀ¶ ]uc·mscsbÃmw CµncmKmÔn tZiob s]³j³ ]²XnbpsS ]cn[nbn sImWvSphcWsa¶pw I½nän \nÀtZin¨p. apXnÀ¶ ]uc·msc BZmb\nIpXnbn \n¶p ]qÀWambn CfhpsN¿pI, Bdp amk¯nsemcn¡Â BtcmKy ]cntim[\bv¡p hn[tbcm¡pI, Ne\tijn IpdhpÅhsc hoSpIfnse¯n sshZy]cntim[\bv¡p hnt[bam¡pI, ]oU\w, NqjWw F¶nhsb t\cnSp¶Xn\v \nbaw IÀ¡iam¡pI, apXnÀ¶ ]uc·mcpsS Ab¡q«§Ä cq]oIcn¡pI XpS§nb \nÀtZi§Ä CXnÂs¸Spw.

FÃm PnÃIfnepw 150 htbm[nIsc Xmakn¸n¡m³ kuIcyapÅ hr²kZ\§Ä \nÀan¡Wsa¶p htbmP\kwc£W \nbaw A\pimkn¡p¶p. kÀ¡mÀ Bip]{XnIfnepw kÀ¡mÀ klmbw e`n¡p¶ Bip]{XnIfnepw apXnÀ¶ ]uc·mÀ¡p {]tXyI Iyq AS¡apÅ ]cnKW\ \ÂIWsa¶pw X\n¨p Xmakn¡p¶hsc amk¯nsemcn¡Â t]meokv tÌj\nse Hcp {]Xn\n[n Hcp kmaqly{]hÀ¯It\msSm¸w kµÀin¡Wsa¶pw \nbaw A\pimkn¡p¶p.

Ccp]Xp hÀj¯n\pÅn icmicn BbpÀssZÀLyw tIcf¯n 81 hbkmIpsa¶mWv BtcmKy IpSpw_t£a hIp¸nsâ \nco£Ww. CXp ap¶n¡WvSmWv tIcf kmaqlnI kpc£manj³ htbman{X ]²Xn BhnjvIcn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. CX\pkcn¨v 65 hbkn\p apIfn {]mbapffhÀ¡p \Kc{]tZi§fn samss_ ¢n\n¡pw sshZyklmbhpw acp¶pw kuP\yambn \ÂIWw. InS¸ptcmKnIfpsS hoSpIfn t]mbn ]mentbäohv tlmw sIbÀ \ÂIpI, Bip]{XnIfnte¡pw Xncn¨pw kuP\y Bw_pe³kv e`yam¡pI F¶nhbpw htbman{X ]²XnbnÂs¸Spw. {KmaoW taJebnse htbm[nIÀ¡p ]²XnbpsS {]tbmP\w e`n¡nsöXmWv CXnsâ ]cnanXn.

Poht\msS Ipgn¨nSpsa¶v Aedns¡mWvSv aI³ A½sb ]mbbn s]mXnªpsI«nb \oNXzw IWvSp `b¶ AbÂhmknIÄ F¬]XpImcnsb ss]t§m«qÀ Ipf¸pds¯ PohImcpWy`h³ AKXnaµnc¯nse¯n¨ kw`hw AhnSs¯ knÌÀ XmÀknknsâ a\kn \n¶p ambp¶nÃ. Ipf¸pdw kztZinbmb Pm\p F¶ hn[hbv¡p cWvSmWpw Hcp s]®pw DÄs¸sS aq¶p a¡fpsWvS¦nepw hmÀ[Iyw \cIbmX\IfptSXmbncp¶p.

ANvOsâ t]cnepÅ ho«n \n¶v A½sb XÃntbmSn¨ a¡Ä hoSv amkhmSIbv¡p \ÂIn. sN¯psXmgnemfnbmbncp¶ `À¯mhv acn¨t¸mÄ sN¯psXmgnemfn bqWnb\n \n¶p e`n¨ B\pIqey§sfÃmw Hcp aI³ hm§nsbSp¯p. B\s¯mgnemfnbmb Cfb aI³ B\sb XÃp¶ hSn¡v A½sb XÃn¨X¨Xn a\ws\m´ \m«pImÀ t]m¯m\n¡mSv t]meokn ]cmXn \ÂIn. t]meokv Xm¡oXp \ÂIn aIs\ hns«¦nepw B\t¯m«n¡pÅ XÃn\p IpdhpWvSmbnÃ. hnhmlw sNbvXb¨ aIfpw A½tbmSp ImcpWyw ImWn¨nÃ. HmWkZybpw ]pShbpw \ÂImsa¶p ]dªp hnfn¨psImWvSpt]mb aq¯ aI³ A½sb aq¶p Znhkw tImXawKes¯ Hcp tlm«Â apdnbn ]q«nbn«phs{X.

AKXnaµnc¯n amXm]nXm¡sf GÂ]n¨tijw Hcn¡epw Xncnªpt\m¡m¯ \nch[n a¡fpsWvS¶p knÌÀ XmÀknkv km£ys¸Sp¯n. ""AÑ\pw A½bpw \bmss]kbv¡p hcpam\anÃm¯hcmIp¶tXmsS ]pXnb XeapdbnÂs¸« a¡Ä¡v A[nI¸ämbn amdpIbmWn¶v;'' AhÀ ]dªp.

hr²kaql¯nsâ km¼¯nI kpc£ Dd¸m¡p¶Xn tIcfw aäp kwØm\§sf amXrIbmt¡WvSnbncn¡p¶p. tKmh kÀ¡mÀ {]Xnamkw 2000 cq]bpw UÂln, Xangv\mSv kÀ¡mcpIÄ 1000 cq] hoXhpw hmÀ[Iy s]³j³ \ÂIp¶pWvSv. kwØm\¯v hmÀ[IyIme s]³jsâ {]mb]cn[n 65 Â\n¶v 60 B¡n Ipds¨¦nepw hn[hm s]³j³ amkw 700 cq]bpw hmÀ[IyIme s]³j³ 500 cq]bpw am{XamWv. kwØm\¯v hmÀ[IyIme s]³j³ Bdpamkambn IpSninIbmWpXm\pw. 154 tImSn cq]bmWp htbmP\ s]³j³ IpSninI. tIcf¯nse htbmP\§fn 73 iXam\w Zmcn{ZytcJbv¡p XmsgbmsW¶p sk³kkv tcJIÄ hyàam¡p¶p. CXnÂXs¶ 70 iXam\hpw {KmaoWtaJebn Xmakn¡p¶hcmWv.

_kv bm{X¡qenbn IÀWmSI, UÂln, almcmjv{S, cmPØm³ kwØm\§Ä apXnÀ¶hÀ¡v Cfhv A\phZn¡p¶p. ]©m_n 60 ]n¶n« kv{XoIÄ¡p kuP\ybm{X A\phZn¡p¶p. kwØm\¯p _kpIfn apXnÀ¶hÀ¡p koäp kwhcWw \S¸m¡nsb¦nepw Ccn¸nSw In«m³ IWvSÎdpsS ImÀ¡iyw Bhiyambncn¡p¶p.

kzoU³, P¸m³, Hmkvt{Senb, Nnen F¶o cmPy§Ä DÄs¸sS ]Snªmd³ bqtdm¸nsebpw sXt¡ Atacn¡bnsebpw cmPy§fmWp hr²sc ]cn]men¡p¶Xn IqSpX {i² ]peÀ¯p¶sX¶p t¥m_ FbvPv hm¨v C³UIvkv 91 cmPy§fn \S¯nb ]T\¯nsâ dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. hr²P\§fpsS F®¯n cWvSmw Øm\¯p \n¡p¶ C´y ]«nIbn 73þmw Øm\¯mWv. bp.F³ t]m¸ptej³ ^WvSv GP³knbpsS dnt¸mÀ«\pkcn¨v 2050 C´ybn hr²cpsS F®w 32 tImSnbmbn Dbcpw. AtXmsS htbm[nIcpsS F®¯n C´y ssN\sb adnIS¡pw.

AbÂhmknIÄ ImWn¡p¶ ImcpWywt]mepw InS¸nemIp¶ amXm]nXm¡tfmSv C¡mes¯ Nne a¡Ä ImWn¡mdnsömWv BÀ¸q¡c \hPoh³ AKXnaµnc¯nsâ {SÌn ]n.bp. tXmaknsâ A\p`hw. am\knItcmKw _m[n¨htcmSp {Iqcamb kao]\amWp ]eÀ¡pw. tcmKw ]qÀWambn t`Zamb tijhpw am\knI tcmKnIsf kzoIcn¡m³ a¡Ä aSn¡mdpWvSv. Xs¶ ho«nte¡psImWvSpt]mIWsa¶v AÑ\½amÀ bmNn¨t¸mÄ ]n¶oSp hcmsa¶p ]dªp ]mªpt]mb a¡fpsS {IqcX Ct±l¯n\v A\p`hambpWvSv. AKXnaµnc§Ä AÑ\½amsc XÅn¡fbm\pÅ CSamsW¶p Nne a¡sf¦nepw [cn¨pt]mbncn¡p¶p.

{]mbambhcpsS A\p`hk¼¯pw Adnhpw D]tbmKs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\p ]Icw Bsfmgnª CcpÄapdnbntem I«nentem Xf¨nSmt\m AKXnaµnc¯ntem s]cphgnbntem XÅmt\m ]eÀ¡pw aSnbnÃ.

ASp¯bnsS ImbwIpf¯n\Sp¯p Icoe¡pf§cbn hr²cmb amXm]nXm¡sf I«nepÄs¸sSbmWp \mep a¡Ä tNÀ¶p tZiob]mXtbmc¯v Dt]£n¨pt]mbXv. Hcn¡epw Xncn¨phccpXv F¶Xnsâ kqN\bmWp I«n DÄs¸sSbpÅ hgnXÅÂ.

Poh\mwiw am{Xaà Blmcw, hkv{Xw, XmakkuIcyw, NnInÕ XpS§n hmÀ[IyIme¯p thWvS FÃm kuIcy§fpw amXm]nXm¡Ä¡p \ÂIm³ B¬a¡Ä¡pw s]¬a¡Ä¡pw Xpey _m[yXbpWvSv.

AÑ\pw A½bpw \m«n acn¨m arXtZlw tamÀ¨dnIfn kq£n¨tijw kwkvImcw kabkuIcya\pkcn¨v {IaoIcn¡pI F¶Xmbncn¡p¶p hntZi¯p Xmakn¡p¶ a¡fpsS \bw. {]hmknIÄ GsdbpÅ {]tZi§fnse Bip]{XnIÄ tamÀ¨dnIfn arXtZlw hbv¡m³ skÃpIfpsS F®w hÀ[n¸n¡m³ \nÀ_ÔnXcmbncn¡p¶p. Hcp amk¯ntesd C¯c¯n arXtZlw tamÀ¨dnbn kq£n¡p¶ kw`h§Ä hncfaÃ. a¡sf¯p¶Xphsc \m«nse _Ôp¡Ä¡v arXtZlw IWvSv A´ntam]NmcaÀ¸n¡mhp¶ NnÃpIqSp tamÀ¨dnIÄ XncphÃ, N§\mticn, sN§¶qÀ XpS§nb Øe§fnse Bip]{XnIfn Øm]n¨ncn¡p¶p.

\m«n ]Wnbp¶ aWnamfnIbn AI¯pw ]pd¯pw Imad Øm]n¨v AhnsS XShpImsct¸mse amXm]nXm¡sf ]mÀ¸n¨p kpc£ Dd¸m¡p¶ Ipsd a¡Ä C¡me¯p {]hmknIfmbpWvSv. AÑ\½amsc hÃt¸mgpw kvssI¸n ImWmdpsWvS¶p ]dbp¶ XeapdbmWnXv.

amXm]nXm¡sf kwc£n¡m³ BfnÃ, t\canÃ, hntZis¯ ImemhØ ]nSn¡nà F¶n§s\bpÅ {]XnIcW§Ä A\mYhmÀ[Iyw F¶ bmYmÀYy¯n\p t]mwhgnbpw D¯chpamIp¶nÃ. Chsc acWw hsc kwc£n¡m\pÅ ZuXyw AKXnaµnc§Ä¡pÅXÃ, AXp a¡Ä¡pw IpSpw_¯n\pw am{XapÅXmWv. a¡Ä \SXÅnb amXm]nXm¡Ä tIcfkaql¯nsâ D½d¯n®Ifnepw A\mYaµnc§fnepw tNmZyNnÓwt]mse InS¡pt¼mÄ FÃmhÀ¡pw hmÀ[Iyw hcpsa¶p XeapdIÄ Adnªncn¡Ww.

(Ahkm\n¨p)


tIcf¯n ]pXnb hnZym`ymk Øm]\§Ä BhiywXs¶tbm?

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tUm. sI.hn. tPmk^v

]pXpXmbn BÀSvkv B³Uv kb³kv tImfPpIfpw ]gb tImfPpIfn¯s¶ ]pXnb tImgvkpIfpw Bcw`n¡m³ ASp¯Ime¯p am{XamWp tIcf kÀ¡mÀ Xocpam\saSp¯Xv. AXn\ptijw ]pXnb kÀhIemimeIfpw lbÀ sk¡³Udn kvIqfpIfpw XpS§p¶Xns\¸än BtemN\. AtXAhkc¯n tIcfw henb km¼¯nI sRcp¡¯n hoÀ¸pap«ns¡mWvSncn¡pIbpamWv.

2014þ15  tIcf¯nsâ dh\yq I½n 7,131 tImSn cq]bpw [\I½n 14,398 tImSn cq]bpambncn¡psa¶mWp IW¡m¡nbncn¡p¶Xv. tI{µhnlnXaS¡apÅ sam¯hcpam\amIs« 64,846 tImSn cq]bmbncn¡pw. At¸mÄ ISambn kamlcn¡p¶ XpI hcpam\¯nsâ 22 iXam\ambncn¡pw. C§s\ ISsaSp¡p¶Xnsâ ^eambn kÀ¡mcnsâ ISw 2014þ15  1,36,735 tImSn cq]bmbn hÀ[n¨ncn¡pw. C§s\ IShpw I½nbpw {IamXoXambn hÀ[n¨phcp¶ kmlNcy¯nemWp tIcf¯nse ]»nIv Fkvs]³Un¨À dnhyq I½än AXnsâ 2010þ11 km¼¯nIhÀj dnt¸mÀ«n FbvUUv taJebn ]pXnb tImfPpItfm tImgvkpItfm XpS§cpsX¶ Hcp in]mÀi apt¶m«ph¨Xv. B in]mÀisb km[qIcn¡p¶ thsd ]e ImcW§fpw NqWvSn¡mWn¡mhp¶XmWv. AXnsâ shfn¨¯n ]pXnb hnZym`ymk Øm]\§Ä BhiywXs¶tbm F¶p ]cntim[nt¡WvSnbncn¡p¶p.

tImfPpIfnÃm¯ \ntbmPIaÞe§fn ]pXpXmbn tImfPpIÄ Øm]n¡pI F¶XmWp kÀ¡mcnsâ \bw. AXnsâ ASnØm\¯n Xm\qÀ aÞe¯n Hcp ]pXnb tImfPv Øm]n¡psa¶pw tImfPpIfnÃm¯ CXc aÞe§fn ]pXpXmbn tImfPpIÄ Bcw`n¡psa¶pw 2013þ14 se _Päv {]kwK¯n {]Jym]n¨ncp¶p. ChnsS H¶p cWvSp Imcy§Ä ]cnKWnt¡WvSXmWv. H¶maXmbn Hcp \ntbmPIaÞe¯nsâ ]cn[n Ømbnbmb H¶Ã. \ntbmPIaÞe ]p\xkwLS\bn AhbpsS AXncpIfpw t]cp Xs¶bpw amdnt¸mbnsb¶phcmw. Hmtcm \nbak`mwKt¯bpw sXcsªSp¡p¶Xn\pÅ Hcp XmXvImenI kwhn[m\¯nsâ ASnØm\¯n tImfPpIÄ Øm]n¡pIsb¶Xp bpàn¡p \nc¡m¯ H¶mWv.

cWvSmaXmbn A^nentbäUv tImfPpIÄ hgnbpÅ hnZym`ymk coXnXs¶ A`nejWobamtWmsb¶pw AhbneqsS \S¯p¶ ]c¼cmKX tImgvkpIÄ kaql¯n\p KpW{]ZamtWm F¶papÅ Imcy§fn ]ecpw kwibw {]ISn¸n¨n«pWvSv. ]c¼cmKX tImgvkpIÄ¡pÅ Unam³Upw IpdªphcnIbmWv. C§s\bpÅ kmlNcy¯n km¼¯nI`mcw hÀ[n¸n¡p¶Xn\p ImcWamIp¶ ]pXnb tImfPpIÄ A`nejWobamtWmsb¶p ]p\x]cntim[\ \St¯WvSXmWv.

hnZym`ymkcwK¯p ap³]´nbn \n¡p¶ kwØm\amsW¦nepw hnZym`ymk KpW\nehmc¯n tIcf¯nsâ Øm\w hfsc ]n¶n¯s¶bmWv. A\ykwØm\§fnÂ\n¶p hnZymÀYnIÄ BcpwXs¶ tIcf¯n h¶p tNcp¶nsöpÅXv AXn\pÅ sXfnhmWv. AtXkabw ChnsS\n¶p [mcmfw hnZymÀYnIÄ A\ykwØm\§fnte¡p s]mbvs¡mWvSncn¡p¶p. Cw¥ojv `mjm]T\w sImWvSp am{XamWp tIcf¯n\p hnZym`ymk¯neqsS GsX¦nepw Xc¯nepÅ taÂKXn ssIhcn¡m³ km[n¨n«pÅXv. AXns\¯s¶ \ncpÕmls¸Sp¯m³ ChnSs¯ Nne amXr`mjmkvt\lnIÄ I¨sI«nbnd§nbncn¡p¶p. AhcpsS Xmf¯ns\m¯p XpÅm³ kÀ¡mÀ XbmdmIp¶Xp ]cnXm]IcamWv.

D¶X hnZym`ymk¯nsâ KpW\nehmcw DbÀ¯pIsb¶XmWp tIcfs¯ kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw ASnb´c {]m[m\yaÀln¡p¶Xv. F¶mÂ, A§pan§pw Nne {]Jym]\§Ä \S¯p¶Xnepw ]pXnb Nne kÀhIemimeIÄ Øm]n¡p¶Xnepw am{Xw AXv HXp§p¶p. KpW\nehmc¯n Hcp ]ptcmKXnbpw ssIhcn¡m\mbn«psWvS¶p tXm¶p¶nÃ.

]pXpXmbn lbÀ sk¡³Udn hnZymeb§fpw Bcw`n¡pIbmWtÃm. tIcf¯n C¶sehsc 1825 lbÀ sk¡³Udn kvIqfpIfmWpÅXv. AXmbXv Hcp ]©mb¯n\p icmicn cWvSp kvIqfpIÄ. F¦nepw Nne ]©mb¯pIfn AhbnÃ. A§s\bpÅ ]©mb¯pIfS¡w ]e ]©mb¯pIfnepw ]pXnb kvIqfpIÄ XpS§m\mWp kÀ¡mÀ Xocpam\w. ]pXnb kvIqfpIÄ BhiyamtWm F¶Xns\¸än kKuchw Nn´n¡Ww. CXphsc 3,61,440 koäpIfmWp lbÀ sk¡³Udn kvIqfpIfnepWvSmbncp¶Xv. F¶mÂ, 2012þ13  Ahbn A[yb\w \S¯nbncp¶Xv 3,26,746 hnZymÀYnIÄ am{Xambncp¶p. AXmbXv 31,766 koäpIÄ HgnªpInS¶p. GItZiw 30,000 Ip«nIÄ kn_nFkvC kvIqfpIfn ]T\w \S¯nhcp¶papWvSv. At¸mÄ HcphÀjw ]Tn¡m\m{Kln¡p¶ Ip«nIfpsS F®¯nepw A[nIw koäpIÄ Ct¸mįs¶ tIcf¯nepsWvS¶ÀYw.

Ip«nIfpsS F®w HmtcmhÀjw Ignbpt´mdpw IpdªphcnIbpamWv. 2012þ13  H¶mw ¢mkn {]thi\w tXSnb Ip«nIfpsS F®w 3,02,147 Bbncps¶¦n 2013þ14  AXv 2,92,699 Bbn Ipdªp. 1991þ 6,01,030 Ip«nIÄ H¶mw¢mkn {]thi\w t\Snsb¦n 2000þ AXv 4,43,027 Bbn Ipdªp. P\kwJym hÀ[\hnsâ tXmXv Ipdbp¶XmWp kvIqfpIfn {]thi\w t\Sp¶ Ip«nIfpsS F®w Xmgv¶phcp¶Xnsâ ImcWw. A§s\sb¦n lbÀ sk¡³Udn kvIqfpIfnepw {]thi\w tXSp¶ Ip«nIfpsS F®w XmaknbmsX Ipdbpsa¶Xn kwibanÃ. Ct¸mįs¶ sk¡³Udn Xe¯n 5137 kvIqfpIfn Bhiy¯n\p Ip«nIÄ F¯p¶nÃ. Ah A¬ C¡tWmanIv kvIqfpIfmbn amdpIbpamWv. A\XnhnZqc`mhnbn ]e lbÀ sk¡³Udn kvIqfpIfpw A¬ C¡tWmanIv hn`mKambn Xocpw.

tIcfw hnZym`ymkcwK¯p ]ptcmKXn ssIhcn¨Xp s]mXpJP\mhnÂ\n¶p KWyamb tXmXn ]Ww sNehm¡nbXneqsSbmWv. 2013þ14  tIcf _Pän hnZym`ymk taJebnse i¼f¯n\pw hnIk\¯n\pw s]³j\pambn \o¡nh¨ XpI 17,023 tImSn cq] Ihnbpw. CXp tIcfw \nIpXnbmbn ]ncns¨Sp¯ 35,542 tImSn cq]bpsS 49 iXam\t¯mfw hcpw. XpSÀ¶pw C{Xam{Xw hnlnXw hnZym`ymk¯n\pthWvSn hn\ntbmKn¡m³ km[n¡ptam F¶p kwibamWv. ImcWw ]e \qX\ {]iv\§sfbpw tIcf¯n\v A`napJoIcnt¡WvSXmbn hcpw.

AXnsem¶p \KchXvIcWhpw AXnt\mS\p_Ôn¨pÅ {]iv\§fpamWv. C¶p tIcf¯nse P\§fn 45 iXam\¯ne[nIw \KchmknIfmWv. AanX thK¯nepÅ \KchXvIcWw ]eXc¯nepÅ {]iv\§Ä¡pw ImcWamIp¶p. AXnsem¶mWp ipNoIcWw. tIcf¯nepS\ofw amen\y¡q¼mc§Ä \ndªncn¡p¶ ImgvNbmWv C¶pÅXv. XXv^eambn amen\y\nÀamÀP\w ASnb´c {]m[m\yapÅ Hcp {]iv\ambn amdnbncn¡p¶p. IpSnshůnsâ e`yXbmWp asämcp {]iv\w. ]c¼cmKXambn InWdpIfnse PeamWp tIcfobÀ D]tbmKn¨ncp¶Xv. F¶mÂ, amen\y{]iv\w cq£ambtXmsS InWÀPehpw amen\yw \ndªXmbn. `qKÀ` Pe\nc¸v Xmgv¶psImWvSncn¡pIbpamWv. amen\yapà shÅw F§s\ e`yam¡msa¶Xp thsdmcp {][m\ {]iv\ambn¯oÀ¶ncn¡p¶p. C¶p tIcf¯n 86 e£w hml\§fmWv HmSp¶Xv. Ahbv¡v Bhiyamb tdmUpIfpw ASnØm\ kuIcy§fpw F§s\ hnIkn¸ns¨Sp¡msa¶Xp thsdmcp {]iv\amWv.

Cu Imcy§Äs¡Ãmw ]Ww IqSntb Xocq. F¶mÂ, kÀ¡mcnsâ [\tijn ]cnanXhpamWv. A§s\hcpt¼mÄ hn`h hn\ntbmK am\ZÞ§fn Nne amä§Ä hcpt¯WvSnhcntà F¶ tNmZyw Dbcp¶p. hn`h hn\ntbmK¯nsâ Imcy¯nÂ, hnZym`ymk taJebv¡v C¶p \ÂIp¶Xpt]mepÅ {]m[m\yw XpSÀ¶pw \ÂIm\mhptam F¶pw tNmZyapbcpw. hniZamb NÀ¨IÄ¡pw hnebncp¯epIÄ¡pw hnt[bamthWvS tNmZy§fmWnh.

F¶ncp¶mepw Hcp Imcyw XoÀ¯pw ]dbm\mhpw. C¶s¯ kmlNcy¯n IqSpX hnZym`ymk Øm]\§Ä Bcw`n¡pI F¶Xp \ymboIcn¡mhp¶ H¶Ã. ImcWw, IS¯n ap§ns¡mWvSncn¡p¶ kÀ¡mcnsâ km¼¯nI _p²nap«v hÀ[n¸n¡p¶Xn\v AXnSbm¡pw.

(tIcf ]»nIv FIvkvs]³Un¨À dnhyp I½nän saw_dmWp teJI³. A`n{]mb§Ä hyàn]cw.)


AÑs\bpw A½sbbpw a¡Ä hoXwh¨p

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IqcncpÄkmb´\w / sdPn tPmk^vþ6

\mev]Xp hÀjw Nmb¡S \S¯n In«nb hcpam\w kzcq]n¨v ZnhmIc\pw (84) `mcy kck½bpw (80) A©p a¡Ä¡p hoSp ]WnXp \ÂIn. hmÀ[Iy¯nse¯nbt¸mÄ AÑs\bpw A½sbbpw a¡Ä hoXwh¨p.

A½sb GsäSp¡m\mbncp¶p a¡Ä¡p XmXv]cyw. ImcWw, A½bpsS ImXnepw Igp¯nepambn \mep ]h³ B`cW§fpWvSmbncp¶p. a¡fpsS {IqcXbn a\ws\m´p hoSphn«nd§nb ZnhmIc\pw kck½bpw Pohs\mSp¡m³ ImbwIpfw sdbnÂth tKän\p kao]w \n¡pt¼mgmWp tKäv Io¸À s{Sbn³ sshIn¨v Chsc ISpwssIbnÂ\n¶p ]n´ncn¸n¨Xv. \m«pImÀ Ccphscbpw A¶p sI]nknkn {]knUâmbncp¶ ctaiv sN¶n¯ebpsS ap¶nse¯n¨p. At±lw CcphÀ¡pw Bizmkw ]IÀ¶v {]tXyI \nÀtZit¯msS ]¯\m]pcw KmÔn`h\nte¡v Ab¨p.

ImbwIpfw apXpIpf¯p Nmb¡S \S¯nh¶ Cu Z¼XnIÄ hr²cpw tcmKnIfpambn hcpam\w \ne¨t¸mÄ a¡fpsS hoSpIfn CSanÃmXmbn. A©p a¡fn aq¶p t]À ssk\nIcmbncp¶p.

60 hÀjw Hcpan¨p Pohn¨ R§sf hoXwh¨p thÀs]Sp¯m³ aSn¡m¯ a¡tfmsSm¸w Pohn¡p¶Xnt\¡mÄ t`Zw Cu AKXnaµncamWv. ChnsS R§Ä Xr]vXcmWv. Cu sNdnb apdnbpw Cu InS¡bpw kam[m\t¯msS XeNmbv¡m³ [mcmfw aXn. kz´w a¡fpsS ssIbnÂ\n¶p shÅw IpSn¨p acn¡p¶Xnt\¡mÄ t`Zw ChnSs¯ a¡Ä Xcp¶ shÅw IpSn¨p acn¡p¶XmWv: ZnhmIc³ lrZbw\pdp§n ]dªp. C\n a¡Ä h¶p hnfn¨mepw ChnsS\n¶p aS§m³ Cu hr²Z¼XnIÄ B{Kln¡p¶nÃ.

Bdpw Ggpw a¡fpÅ amXm]nXm¡Ä hsc \hPoh\n AKXnIfmbn F¯mdpsWvS¶p tIm«bw BÀ¸q¡c \hPohsâ {SÌn ]n.bp. tXmakv ]dªp. acnt¨m Pohnt¨m F¶dnbm³ t]mepw a¡Ä F¯nt\m¡m¯ hr²À ChnsSbpWvSv. A\mYcmbn acn¨pIgnªm a¡sf Adnbn¡m³ t^mt«m ]{X§fn sImSp¡p¶Xv ChnsS ]Xnhmbncn¡p¶p: ]n.bp. tXmakn\p ]dbm³ s]mÅp¶ A\p`h§tfsdbpWvSv.

\hPoh³ aµnc¯nÂXs¶bmWv A©p a¡fpÅ X¦aWnsb (75) IWvSpap«nbXv. ImepIÄ HSnªp ho«n BtcmcpanÃmsX Ignª hr²sb \hPoh³ {]hÀ¯IcmWv AKXnaµnc¯nse¯n¨Xv. PohnXw InS¡bnemsW¦nepw {]khn¨p ]meq«nb a¡Ä ImWn¡m¯ ]cnKW\ \hPoh³ \ÂInbtXmsS X¦aWnbpsS apJ¯p {]XymibpsS Xnf¡apWvSv.

BtcmKyw Hcphn[w sa¨ambt¸mÄ A½sb XncnsI ho«nte¡p sImWvSpt]mIm³ A©p a¡tfmSpw \hPoh³ XmXv]cys¸«p. HcmÄt]mepw Xncnªpt\m¡nbnÃ. X¦aWn a¡sf t]cpsNmÃn Dd¡¯nepw hnfn¡pw. Bsc¦nepw ht¶m, hcptam F¶p tXmakptN«t\mSv ChÀ tNmZn¡mdpWvSv. \msf hcpw, \msf hcpw F¶ {]XymibpsS hm¡p hnizkn¨p X¦aWn InS¡bn Im¯ncn¡pIbmWv, s\m´ps]ä A©p a¡sfbpw H¸w t]c¡p«nIsfbpw.

htbmP\ kwc£Ww Dd¸m¡m³ HmÄUv GPv I¬t{SmÄ t_mÀUv cq]hXvIcn¡psa¶p Ignª sk]väw_dn apJya{´n \nbak`bn {]Jym]n¨ncp¶p. \nehn Pphss\ t_mÀUnsâ IognemWp htbmP\t£ahpw DÄs¸Sp¯nbncn¡p¶Xv. apXnÀ¶ ]uc·mÀ¡mbn sl¸vsse\pw PnÃIfn htbmP\ _yqtdmbpw XpS§psa¶pw {]Jym]\w DWvSmbXÃmsX \S]SnbpWvSmbn«nÃ.

kwØm\¯p kÀ¡mÀ NpaXebnepÅ FÃm AKXnaµnc§fpsSbpw \ne ]caZb\obamWv. tNmÀs¶men¡p¶ sI«nS§fpw CfInbmSp¶ InS¡Ifpw. ]«nbpw ]q¨bpw Fenbpw AS¡nhmgpIbmWv ChnS§fnÂ. `£Ww, NnInÕ F¶nhbnseÃmw ]nt¶m¡mhØ. ]e AKXnaµnc§fpw `n£mSIcpsS cm{XnIme InS¸ptI{µ§fmbn amdnbn«pWvSv.

Xncph\´]pcw Nm¡bn kÀ¡mcnsâ "sIbÀtlmanÂ' At´hmknIfmbpÅ 48 kv{XoIfpw 52 ]pcpj³amcpw KpcpXcamb AkpJ§fm hebp¶hcmWv. Iodn¸dnª DSpXpWnbÃmsX cWvSmasXmcp hkv{Xw Gsdt¸À¡panÃ. ]Xns\«p hÀjambn ChnsS IgnbpIbmWp hmkp F¶ At´hmkn.

kÀ¡mÀ AKXnaµnc§fpsS AtX ZpchØbmWp ]IÂhoSpIÄ¡pw kw`hn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä ]²Xn¯pIbpsS A©v iXam\w apXnÀ¶hcpsS t£a]²XnIÄ¡mbn \o¡nhbv¡Wsa¶Xn\m \mSp\osf ]pdt¼m¡pØe§fn ]IÂhoSpIÄ ]WnbpIbmWv. htbm[nIcpsS kwc£W¯n\p {XnXe ]©mb¯pIÄ kwØm\¯p 42 ]IÂhoSpIÄ \nÀan¨n«pWvSv. \mbIÄ Ønchmkam¡nb C¯cw sI«nS§fn ]eXpw amk§fmbn ASªpInS¡p¶p. NnesXms¡ kmaqlnIhncp²cpsS Xmhfambncn¡p¶p. htbmP\§fpsS {]iv\§Ä NÀ¨ sN¿p¶Xn\pw ]cnlcn¡p¶Xn\pw {]tXyI {Kmak`IÄ IqSWsa¶ \nÀtZiw Hcp ]©mb¯nepw ]men¡s¸SmdnÃ.

hmÀ[Iy¯n AhKW\bpw ZpcnXhpw A\p`hn¡p¶ Hcp hn`mKamWp hnapà`S·mÀ. Ime§tfmfw ]«mf¯n Ignªtijw aS§nhcpt¼mÄ ho«nepw \m«nepw A\yXmt_m[amWp ]eÀ¡papWvSmIpI. hÀj§Ä IqSn hcpt¼mÄ am{Xw AÑs\ a¡Ä IWvSphfcp¶ kmlNcy¯nsâ ]cnWX^ehpamImw. FIvkv kÀhokvsa³ shÂs^bÀ Atkmkntbj³ Im¡\m«v \S¯p¶ ssk\nIm{ia¯n \qdntesd At´hmknIfpWvSv. cWvSmw temIalmbp²¯n ]s¦Sp¯ Bdp t]À ChcnÂs¸Spw. ]ecpsSbpw a¡Ä hntZi¯mWv.

a¡fnÃm¯hÀ, AhnhmlnXÀ F¶nhcpw AKXnaµnc§fnse¯ns¸Sp¶p. P³aw apX imcocnI \yq\XIfpw sshIey§fpapÅhcmWv Chcn Gsdbpw. kz¯pw ]Whpw hcpam\hpansæn Chsc _Ôp¡Ä¡p thWvSmXmIpw. kz¯psWvS¦n AXp ssI¡em¡p¶hÀ ]n¡me¯p ssIsbmgnbpIbpw sN¿pw.

AWpIpSpw_§Ä s]cpInbXp tIcf¯n IqsS¸mÀ¯p ]cn]men¡m³ a¡fnÃm¯ htbm[nIcpsS hÀ[\bv¡p {][m\ ImcWambn«pWvSv. Ht¶m ctWvSm s]¬a¡Ä am{XapÅhcpsS hmÀ[IyImeamWv Gähpw ]cnXm]Icw. s]¬a¡sf hnhmlw sNbvXb¨m AhÀ asämcp IpSpw_¯nsâ `mKambn amdp¶p. acpa¡Ä a\pjyXzhpw ]cnKW\bpw \ÂIm³ Xbmdmbm am{XamWv ChÀ¡p hmÀ[Iy¯n kwc£Whpw kmao]yhpw e`n¡pI.

\gvknwKv, F³Pn\nbdnwKv taJeIfn tPmen t\Sn \mSphn« s]¬a¡fpsS amXm]nXm¡fn hensbmcp hn`mKw hoSpIfn X\n¨p Ignbp¶Xv C¶p km[mcWamWv. sNdnb tcmKw h¶mÂt¸mepw Bi¦tbmsS Bip]{XnIfn A`bw tXSn BgvNItfmfw AhnsS ]mÀ¡p¶Xv C¯c¡mcpsS `oXn IeÀ¶ kz`mhambncn¡p¶p. X\n¨pIgnbp¶ hr²Z¼XnIfn HcmÄ acn¨pIgnªmepWvSmIp¶ kmlNcyw `mhnbn Gsd {]XnkÔnIÄ¡p ImcWamIpw.

hr²kZ\§fn Ignbp¶Xn asämcp hn`mKw Pbnen \n¶v Cd§nbhcmWv. _Ôp¡Ä kzoIcn¡m³ XbmdmImsX hcpt¼mÄ A\mYmebamWp ]eÀ¡pw A`bamIp¶Xv. am\knItcmKw _m[n¨hsc ho«pImÀ DÄs¡mÅm³ XbmdmImsXhcpw. AKXnaµnc§fnse At´hmknIfn ]IpXntbmfw t]À am\knItcmKnIfmsW¶p kwØm\ HmÀ^t\Pv I¬t{SmÄ t_mÀUv AwKw ^m. tdmbn hSt¡Â hniZoIcn¨p.

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