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Nncn sImSp¯p Nncn hm§mw

 


Nncn BtcmKy¯nte¡pff hgnsb¶p kb³kv ]dªpsImtWvSbncn¡p¶p. Ccp«Sn \ÂIp¶ sshZypXn_nÃpw tdm¡äpt]mse IpXn¨pbcp¶ aäp PohnXs¨ehpIfpw sXmgnÂtaJebnse Ac£nXmhØbpw PohnX¯nsâ ]qc¸d¼n \ncmibpsS IpSamäw \S¯pt¼mÄ G§s\ Nncn¡m³? Bhiy¯n\pw A\mhiy¯n\pw teJ\sagpXp¶hcpw {]kvXmh\bpsS shSns¡«p kvt]m¬kÀ sN¿p¶hcpw bYmÀY PohnXbmYmÀYy§tfmSp am{Xw A\§m¸md\bw kzoIcn¡pt¼mÄ F§s\ \mw Nncn¡pw...! ]t£ imkv{Xw sXfnhpIÄ \nc¯n ]dbp¶p..Nncn¡q! sS³j³ ]¼ IS¡m³ Nncn klmbIsa¶v.(Ahew_w: journal Psychological Science) F´n\pw aotX imkv{Xw kXyamIpt¼mÄ AXp hnizkn¡mw, ]Xnsb \ap¡pw NncnbpsS \nem¸pgbmhmw.

a\kn kwLÀjw IS¶phcpt¼mÄ Hcp \nanjw NpWvSn Nncn hnSÀ¯m³ {ian¡Wsa¶mWv KthjIcpsS D]tZiw. lrZb¯nsâ BtcmKy¯n\pw Nncn klmbn¡psa¶mWv Im³kmkv bqWnthgvknänbnse KthjI kmdm {]kvam³ ]T\¯neqsS hyàam¡p¶Xv. bqWnthgvknän Hm^v tacnem³Uv saUn¡Â skâdnse KthjIcpw Cu \nco£Ww ]n´m§p¶p.

Nncn tcmK{]Xntcm[tijn sa¨s¸Sp¶Xmbpw AhcpsS ]T\w shfns¸Sp¯p¶p. Npcp¡¯n ho«p]d¼n \mw \«p\\¨phfÀ¯p¶ ]¨¡dnIfnepw sXmSnbnse \m«p]g§fnepapff Bân HmIvknUâpIfpw ]ns¶ Aev]w Nncnbpw tNÀ¶m {]Xntcm[w iIvXamIpw.

a\kn\pw icoc¯n\pw D¯aacp¶mWv Nncn. icoc¯n\p im´X k½m\n¡p¶ a{´amWp Nncn. thZ\IÄ Ipdbv¡m\pw lrZbtcmK§fpsS Xo{hX Ipdbv¡m\pw Nncn klmbIw.

t]mknäohv F\ÀPn ]IÀ¶p \ÂIm\pw _豈 DujvafamIm\pw lrZbw Xpd¶pÅ Nncn klmbn¡pw. ]p©ncn lrZb¯nte¡pÅ hmXnemWv. Ipªp§fpsS apJ¯phncnbp¶ ]p©ncn GXp hnÃs\bpw Aenbn¡p¶Xmbn Nne kn\namImgvNIsf¦nepw HmÀ½s¸Sp¯p¶p.

Ipªp§fpsS \njvIf¦amb Nncn \½psS a\kn\p ]Icp¶ DuÀPw NnÃdbÃ. {]mbhpw ]Zhnbpw ad¶p sIm¨pIp«nIsft¸mse Nncn¡m³ IgnbWw. Ip«nIfpambn IfnNncnbn GÀs¸Sp¶Xpw am\knIkwLÀjw

Hcp ImXw AIse \nÀ¯m³ klmbIw. am\knImtcmKyw sa¨s¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pw Nncn klmbIw. NncnhnSÀ¯n ]pXnsbmcmsf ]cnNbs¸Smw. AXp _ԧġnSbn kvt\lshfn¨w hnXdpw.

]et¸mgpw Xnc¡pIÄ¡nSbn Nncn¡m³ \mw ad¶pt]mIp¶p. kzoIcWapdnbnte¡p Nncn¸qcw IS¶phcp¶Xp sSenhnj³tImaUn tIÄ¡pt¼mÄ am{Xsa¶ \nebnte¡p

ho«I§fnse _豈 NnebnS§fnse¦nepw HXp§n\n¡p¶p. kzm`mhnIambn Nncn¡m\pÅ Ahkc§Ä IsWvS¯n {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯Ww. ]pXnb kulrZ§Ä NncnbneqsS XpS§Ww. ]gb _豈 ]pXp¡p¶Xpw NncnbneqsSbmhmw.

\ã_Ô§fpw apdnª _Ô§fpw NncnbneqsS hosWvSSp¡mw. HcpZn\w Xs¶ Nncnbn XpS§s«. `qantbmSp Nncn¨p kqcy\pw a®nt\mSp Nncn¨p ]q¡fpw Zn\w XpS§p¶Xpt]mse.

Hcp Nncn hnScpt¼mÄ 36 t]inIfpsS Iq«mbva D]tbmKs¸Sp¯p¶pht{X. sXmgnenS§fnse ^e{]Zamb Iq«mbvaIÄ¡p ]n¶n NncnbpsS ckX{´apWvSv. càk©mcw sa¨s¸Sp¯m\pw Nncn XpWbv¡p¶p. A§s\ Xet¨mdn\v IqSpX HmIvknP³ e`yamIp¶p. Xet¨mdnsâ {]hÀ¯\w Imcy£amIp¶p. Nn´bpw _p²nbpw sXfnbp¶p. kwLÀjw AIep¶p. ]T\hpw tPmenbpw ckIcaIp¶p. GXp sS³j³tIm«bn s]«mepw aWn¡qdn Nne \nanj§fnse¦nepw aäpÅhtcmSp Nncn¨pkwkmcn¡m³ kabw IsWvS¯nt\m¡q. AXp \n§sf¯s¶ amänadn¡pw. tIhew Hcp Nncn aXn Nne \nanj§fn PohnXw Xs¶ amdnamdnbm³!

sS³j³taL§Ä¡pXmsg \Kc§Ä NnXdnsbmgpIpt¼mÄ NnebnS§fnsems¡ Nncn¢_pIÄ apf¨pXpS§nbncn¡p¶p. {]mbw ad¶v ]Zhn ad¶v sshhn[yamÀ¶ NncnIÄ ]cnioen¡p¶ Nncn¢_pImcpsS e£yw sS³{^oPohnXw Xs¶. ]p©ncnbn XpS§n A«lmkwhscbpÅ NncnIfmWv AhÀ ]co£n¡p¶Xv.

Nncn am\knI]ncnapdp¡¯n\nS\ÂIp¶ tlmÀtamWpIfpsS DXv]mZ\w Ipdbv¡p¶p. t]inIsf BbmkclnXam¡p¶p. klnjvvWpX Iq«p¶p. kmaqlnI_Ô§fpw hyàn_Ô§fpw iàns¸Sp¯p¶p. _Ô§fpsS NmcpX Nncnbn kar²amIp¶p. Iq«mbvaIÄ hfcp¶p. Bcpw Häs¸Sp¶nÃ. A\yXmt_m[w AIep¶p. sshImcnI ]IzX t\Sp¶Xn\pw Nncn hgnsbmcp¡p¶p.

Nncn ip`m]vXnhnizmkw hfÀ¯p¶p. {]bmkIcamb PohnXkµÀ`§fn t]mkoäohv Nn´IÄ XfncnSp¶p. \ncmibpw \ãt_m[hpw Hcp Nncn IWvSm HmSnadbp¶p. am\knIamb Icp¯p IqSp¶p. ]ns¶ Bßhnizmk¯nsâ sImSntbäw.

C\n Nncn ]¦nSmw. AXn\p km£nbmhmw. AXn ]¦ptNcmw. Nncn¸S§Ä ImWmw. Nncn ¢_n tNcmw. Hm^okpIfnepw CSs]Sp¶ thZnIfnepw AXn\p XpS¡anSmw. ip²lmky¯n\p ImtXmÀ¡mw. AXp ]Icp¶hcpambn Iq«pIqSmw. {]kwK§fn Nncn \ndbv¡mw. {]hr¯n ip²lmky¯n\p hgnsbmcp¡s«. Ipªp§fpambn kÃ]n¡mw. AhcpsS henb a\knsâ Hmcw tNÀ¶p Nncn¨p\n¡mw.

thfqÀ IrjvW³Ip«nbpsSbpw kpIpamdnsâbpw lmkykmlnXy¯nte¡pw {io\nhmk³ kn\naIfnte¡pw a\kptNÀ¡mw. Snhnbnse \Àa]cn]mSnIÄ Xpd¶ a\tkmsS ImWmw. \nehmcapff XamiIÄ¡p thWvSn aknep]nSn¨ncn¡msX a\kdnªp Nncn¡mw. AXn\p kabw IsWvS¯Ww. a\kpXpd¶pÅ Nncn \n§fpsS hyànXz¯n {]Imiw \ndbv¡pw. A§s\ \n§Ä¡p IYbnse s]¬Ip«nsbt¸mse {]Imiw ]c¯p¶hcmhmw. _²sshcnIfmsW¦nepw t\cn¡WvSm Nncnag \\bp¶ cm{ãob¡msc IWvSn«ntÃ. AtX, AXp Xs¶bmWv A[nImcItkctbmfw \ofp¶ Bbpknsâ clkyhpw!

SnPn_n

 

Im³kÀ XSbp¶ `£Ww

 

cà¯nse lotamt¥m_nsâ Afhp km[mcW\nebn \n¶p Ipdbp¶XmWp hnfÀ¨bv¡p ImcWw. Nph¶ AÑm *

Ìm^v {]Xn\n[n

Bcw`Zibn Xs¶ tcmK\nÀWbw \S¯m³ Ignªm ]qÀWambpw kpJs¸Sp¯mhp¶hbmWp an¡hmdpw AÀ_pZtcmK§Ä. Nn«bmb PohnX{Ia¯neqsS tcmK{]Xntcm[hpw km[yam¡mw.

acW¯nsâ he s\¿p¶ Nne´nbmWv Im³kÀ. hebn Cc Ipcp§n¡gnªm Nne´n Ccsb Xn¶p XpS§pIbmbn. GXv Ahbhs¯bpw GXp{]mb¯nepw Im³kÀ _m[nt¨¡mw. `qcn]£w Im³kÀ tcmK§fnepw tcmKn AXnXo{hamb tcmK]oUIfneqsS IS¶pt]mtIWvSn hcp¶p.

AXn\m XpS¡¯n Xs¶ tcmKw IsWvS¯pIbpw NnInÕ tXSpIbpamWp Im³kdns\ {]Xntcm[n¡m\pÅ Gähpw D¯aamÀKw. Im³kÀ {]Xntcm[ amÀK§Ä ASp¡fbn \n¶p XpS§Ww F¶mWp ]pXnb hmZw. Im³kÀ tcmK \nb{´W¯nepw \nÀamÀP\¯n\pw BlmccoXnIÄ¡pw PohnXssienIÄ¡pw Gsd {]m[m\yapWvSv.

AXpsImWvSpXs¶ Hmtcm AwK¯nsâbpw BtcmKyImcy¯n ho«½amÀ¡p henb ]¦phln¡m\pWvSv. {]tXyIn¨pw Im³kÀ tcmK¯nsâ Imcy¯nÂ. Bcw`Zibn Xs¶ tcmK\nÀWbw \S¯m³ Ignªm ]qÀWambpw kpJs¸Sp¯mhp¶hbmWp an¡hmdpw AÀ_pZtcmK§Ä. Nn«bmb PohnX{Ia¯neqsS tcmK{]Xntcm[hpw km[yam¡mw.

F´mWv Im³kÀ

icoctImi§Ä hn`Pn¨mWp aäptImi§Ä DWvSmhp¶Xv. C§s\bmWp icocw hfÀ¨ {]m]n¡p¶Xv. Nnet¸mÄ icoctImi§Ä A]ISIcamb hn[¯n hn`Pn¨p s]cpIp¶ tcmKmhØbmWp Im³kÀ. Cu tcmKw cà[a\nIfneqsSbpw enw^v {KÙnIfneqsSbpw icoc¯nsâ aäp`mK§fnte¡pw hym]n¡p¶p.

s]mXphmbpÅ tcmKe£W§Ä

* sNhn, aq¡v, hmbv, aeZzmcw, apXemb `mK§fn \n¶pÅ cà{kmhw.

* DW§m³ aSn¡p¶ {hW§Ä, {hW§fn AImcWamb cà{kmhw F¶nhbpw Im³kÀ e£Wamhmw.

*\nehnepÅ adpIpIÄ, Acn¼mdIÄ F¶nhbv¡p s]s«¶pWvSmIp¶ amä§Ä.

* BÀ¯hIme¯v AÃmsX DWvSmIp¶ cà{kmhhpw BÀ¯hImes¯ AanX cà{kmhhpw.

* aetim[\bn ImXemb amäw h¶p s]s«¶p \n¡pI.

* hn«pamdm¯ Npa, ASª i_vZw, t`ZamIm¯ apg, hn«pamdm¯ thZ\ F¶nhbpw AImcWambn icoc`mcw Ipdbp¶Xpw Im³kÀ e£WamImw.

Im³kÀ tcmK¯nsâ s]mXphmb ImcW§Ä

* ]mcnØnXnI LSI§Ä

* ]pIbne, ]m³]cmKv, aZyw F¶nhbpsS A\nb{´nXamb D]tbmKw.

* PohnXNcybn h¶ amä§fpw hymbma¡pdhpw s]m®¯Snbpw Im³kÀ tcmK¯n\p ImcWamImw.

* A´co£ aen\oIcWhpw hymhkmbnI amen\yhpw cmkhkvXp¡fpambpÅ \nc´c k¼À¡hpw tcmKapWvSm¡mw.

* tlmÀtam¬ hÀ[\hpw ZoÀL\mfs¯ tlmÀtam¬ NnInÕbpw Im³kdn\p ImcWamImw.

kvX\mÀ_pZw

tIcf¯n s]mXphmbn kv{XoIfn ImWp¶ Im³kdn hym]Iambn«pÅXmWp kvX\mÀ_pZw. t\ct¯ IWvSp]nSn¨m CXp ]qÀWambpw kpJs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. PohnXssienIfn h¶ amähpw IoS\min\nIfpsSbpw aäpw AanX D]tbmKhpw aqew Cukv{SP³ F¶ kvss{XWtlmÀtam¬ Dt¯Pn¸n¡s¸Sp¶p. CXp kvX\mÀ_pZ¯nsâ {][m\ ImcWamWv.

]¯phbkn\p ap¼p Xs¶ BÀ¯hw DWvSmIp¶ s]¬Ip«nIfn kvX\mÀ_pZ¯n\pÅ km[yX GsdbmWv.

ImcW§Ä

* ZoÀL\mfs¯ tlmÀtam¬ NnInÕbpw Cukv{SP³ tlmÀtamWnsâ AanXamb DXv]mZ\hpw.

* ]mc¼cyw (A½amÀ¡psWvS¦n s]¬Ip«nIÄ¡pw DWvSmIp¶Xn\pÅ km[yX IqSpXemWv.)

* BZys¯ {]khw ap¸Xphbkn\p tijamsW¦n AhÀ¡pw kvX\mÀ_pZw DWvSmIp¶Xn\pÅ km[yX IqSpXemWv.

tcmKe£W§Ä

* kvX\¯n apgIÄ DWvSmhpI. kvX\§Ä¡p cq]amäw DWvSmhpI. \ndw amäapWvSmhpI F¶nh kvX\mÀ_pZ¯nsâ e£W§fmWv.

* kvX\¯n\p hn§tem apesR«n \n¶p càtam aäp {kh§tfm hcnI F¶Xpw kvX\mÀ_pZ¯nsâ e£W§fmWv.

* BÀ¯h Zn\§fn Øncambn kvX\§fn \oÀs¡«v DWvSmhpI.

Cu tcmKe£W§Ä FÃmw Im³kdntâXv BIWsa¶nÃ. aäp tcmK§Ä¡pw CtX e£W§Ä ImWmhp¶XmWv. F¶m C¯cw tcmKe£W§Ä ImWpt¼mÄ hnZKv[ ]cntim[\bv¡p hnt[bamIp¶XmWv D¯aw.

kvX\§Ä kzbw ]cntim[n¡p¶ hn[w

FÃm amk§fnepw BÀ¯hw Ignªp ]¯p Znhk¯n\p tijamWp kvX\§Ä ]cntim[nt¡WvSXv. Ipfn¡pt¼mÄ henb I®mSnbpsS ap¶n \n¶p kvX\sR«pIÄ¡v Htc hen¸amtWm F¶p ]cntim[n¡Ww. CSXp kvX\w heXpssIsImWvSpw heXpkvX\w CSXpssIsImWvSpw ]cntim[n¡Ww.

Hcp ssI DbÀ¯n Xebv¡p apIfnÂsh¨psImWvSp adpssIbpsS s]cphnc HgnsIbpÅ \mephncepIfpsS DÄhiw sImWvSp hr¯mIrXnbn kvX\§fneqsS HmSn¨p apgtbm XSnt¸m DtWvSm F¶p a\knem¡pI. kvX\§fn AaÀ¯n Fs´¦nepw {kh§Ä hcp¶ptWvSm F¶pw ]cntim[n¡Ww.

KÀ`mib`n¯n KÀ`mibapJ Im³kÀ

BÀ¯h§Ä¡nSbntem BÀ¯h hncma Imet¯m DWvSmhp¶ cà{kmhw KÀ`mib `n¯n Im³kdnsâ e£WamImw. kwt`mK¯n\p tijtam BÀ¯h§fpsS CSthfIfntem DWvSmhp¶ cà{kmhw KÀ`mibapJ Im³kdnsâ XpS¡amhmw.

KÀ`mib Im³kÀ ap³Iq«n IsWvS¯m³ klmbn¡p¶XmWp ]m]vsSÌv AYhm ]m]vkvanbÀ ]cntim[\. ssewKnI PohnXw \bn¡p¶ kv{XoIÄ aq¶phÀj¯nsemcn¡Â ]m]vkvanbÀ sSÌv \S¯p¶Xv \ÃXmWv. F¨v.]n.]n sshdkmWv tcmKImcWw. CXp ssewKnI _Ôw hgn ]Icmhp¶XmWv. IrXyamb ImcWw IWvSp]nSn¡s¸«n«nÃ.

tcmKe£W§Ä

* AanXamb cà{kmhhpw IqsS¡qsSbpWvSmIp¶ hbdpthZ\bpw.

* càw IeÀ¶Xpw ZpÀKÔw han¡p¶Xpamb tbm\n {kh§Ä.

* aq{XXSkhpw ae_Ôhpw DWvSmhpI. aq{Xw t]mIpt¼mÄ thZ\ A\p`hs¸SpI.

* CSbv¡nsSbpWvSmIp¶ ]pdwthZ\, ImepthZ\, ]\nbpw icoc XfÀ¨bpw hnfÀ¨ F¶nh C¯cw Im³kdpIfpsS e£Wamtb¡mw.


hmbnse Im³kÀ

tIcf¯n s]mXpth ImWs¸Sp¶ Im³kÀ tcmKamWnXv. Ihnfn\pÅnepw tamW, \m¡v, XpS§nb `mK§fnepw Cu tcmKw ImWmdpWvSv. \½psS \m«n Ihnfnepw \m¡nepamWp hmbnse Im³kÀ A[nIambn ImWs¸Sp¶Xv.

ImcW§Ä

* ]pIhenbpw ]m³akme t]mepÅ elcn hkvXp¡fpsS D]tbmKhpw.

* ]pIbne Iq«nbpÅ apdp¡v.

* IqÀ¯ ]Ãn \nt¶m, Ir{Xna ]Ãn \nt¶m \nc´cambn hmbnepWvSmIp¶ £X§Ä, sshdkv AWp_m[ F¶nhbpw hmbnse Im³kdn\v ImcWamImw.

izmktImimÀ_pZw

]pcpj·mcn IWvSphcp¶ Gähpw A]ISImcnbmb tcmKamWp izmktImimÀ_pZw. izmktImimÀ_pZ¯n\p {][m\ ImcWw ]pIhenbmWv.

e£W§Ä

* càw IeÀ¶ I^w, XpSÀ¨bmb izmktImi AWp_m[ F¶nh izmktImimÀ_pZ¯nsâ e£Wamhmw.

* i_vZ¯nepWvSmIp¶ hyXnbm\w, s\©pthZ\, Igp¯n\p Npäpw ImWs¸Sp¶ \ocv F¶nhbpw C¯cw Im³kdnsâ e£WamImw.

* CSbv¡nsS A\p`hs¸Sp¶ XfÀ¨, ]\n, hni¸nÃmbva, Akm[mcWamb `mc¡pdhv, F¶nh izmktImimÀ_pZ¯nsâ e£W§fmWv. ]pIbnebpsS D]tbmKw XoÀ¯pw Hgnhm¡pI am{XamWp izmktImimÀ_pZ¯n \n¶p c£s]Sp¶Xn\pÅ amÀKw.

Bamib Im³kÀ

Bamibw \½psS icoc¯nsâ CSXp`mK¯mbn ØnXn sN¿p¶p. Bamib Im³kÀ km[mcWbmbn apXnÀ¶hcnemWp IWvSphcp¶Xv. s]s«¶pWvSmIp¶ `mc¡pdhpw Bamib¯n \n¶pWvSmIp¶ cà{kmhhpw OÀZnbpw AÄkdntâXpt]mepÅ hbdpthZ\bpw Bamib Im³kdnsâ e£W§fmhmw. `£Ww Ign¡p¶XpsImtWvSm AknUnän Ipdbv¡p¶Xn\pÅ KpfnIIÄ Ign¡p¶XpsImtWvSm C¯cw hbdpthZ\ IpdbmdpanÃ.

ImcW§Ä

* ]pI¨pW¡nb Cd¨nbpsS AanXamb D]tbmKw. ZoÀLImeambpÅ Bamib ho¡w, ^mÌv ^pUnsâ AanXamb D]tbmKw F¶nh Bamib Im³kdn\v ImcWamImw. ]g§fpsSbpw ]¨¡dnIfpsSbpw \mcpÅ `£W¯nsâ A`mhhpw Bamib Im³kdn\p ImcWamtb¡mw.

ssXtdmbvUv Im³kÀ

ssXtdmbvUv {KÙn ho¡w km[mcW ImWmdpÅ tcmKamWv. CXn 90 iXam\w apgIfpw Ipg¸anÃm¯XmWv. s]s«¶pWvSmIp¶ Häs¸« apgIÄ, apgIÄ¡p thZ\bpWvSmIp¶ AhØ, apgbpsS hfÀ¨ ChbmWp ssXtdmbvUv Im³kdnsâ e£W§Ä. tcmKw aqÀÑn¨p Ignbpt¼mÄ i_vZhyXnbm\hpw izmkXSkhpw DWvSmImdpWvSv.

t{]mtÌäv Im³kÀ

IqsS¡qsS thZ\tbmSpIqSnb aq{Xsamgn¡Â, càw IeÀ¶ aq{Xw, aq{XhnkÀP\w XpS§phm\pw Ahkm\n¸n¡m\papÅ Xmakw F¶nh t{]mtÌäv Im³kdnsâ e£W§fmhmw.

arZphmbn¯ocp¶ hrjW§Ä, hrjW¯nse thZ\mclnXamb Xg¼pIÄ, apgIÄ F¶nhbpw hrjW Im³kdnsâbpw e£W§fmhmw.

Im³kdns\¡pdn¨p Ipd¨pImcy§Ä

hÃmsX `bs¸Sp¯pIbpw amcIambn¯ocpIbpw sN¿p¶ tcmKamWp Im³kÀ F¦nepw XpS¡¯n Xs¶ Xncn¨dnbpIbpw icnbmb NnInÕ \ÂIpIbpw sNbvXm Im³kÀ kpJs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv.

sImgp¸v AS§nb `£W¯n \nb{´Ww ]men¨m s]m®¯Sn IpdbpIbpw h³IpSÂ, kvX\§Ä, Btáb{KÙn F¶nhnS§fn _m[n¡p¶ Im³kdns\ {]Xntcm[n¡m\pw km[n¡pw.

]¨¡dnIÄ, ]g§Ä, \mcpIfS§nb `£Ww F¶nhbneqsS 65þ75iXam\w hsc Im³kdns\ {]Xntcm[n¡mhp¶XmWv. ]pIhen, ]m³akme Ch Dt]£n¨m sXmWvS, hmbv, izmktImiw F¶nhnS§fnse Im³kdns\ 35þ50 iXam\w hsc {]Xntcm[n¡mhp¶XmWv. aZy]m\w Dt]£n¨m 30þ60 iXam\w hsc Icfnse Im³kdns\ {]Xntcm[n¡m³ km[n¡pw.

AXpsImWvSmWp Im³kÀ {]Xntcm[w ASp¡fbn \n¶v Bcw`n¡Wsa¶v ]dbp¶Xv. Im³kÀ {]Xntcm[¯n\v Gähpw \à amÀK\nÀtZiw \ÂIm³ km[n¡p¶Xv ho«½amÀ¡mWv.


Pe¯n ebn¡m¯ Xcw \mcpIÄ (INSOLULE)NneXcw `£W¯nepWvSv. Ah Zl\ck¯nepw ebn¡nÃ. A¯cw \mcpIÄ icoc¯nte¡v BKncWw sN¿s¸Sp¶nÃ. ]t£, A¯cw \mcpIfpsS km¶n[yw `£Ww bYmhn[n Zln¡p¶Xn\p klmbIw.

sImgp¸v, sImfkvt{SmÄ, ss\t{Smkmao\pIÄ XpS§nbhbpsS BKncWw XSbp¶Xn\pw IpSen \mcpIfpsS DbÀ¶tXmXnepff km¶n[yw klmbIw. IqSmsX ss\t{Smkmao\pIÄ ImÀknt\msP³ hn`mK¯nÂs¸« cmk]ZmÀYamWv. icoc¯n sImgp¸nsâ Afhp Ipdªm AanXh®w Ipdbpw. Im³kÀkm[yX Ipdbpw. Npcp¡¯n \mcpIfS§nb Blmcw Im³kÀ {]Xntcm[¯n\p klmbIw. \mcpIÄ IpSense Im³kÀ km[yX Ipdbv¡p¶p. ae_Ôw XSbp¶p. ]n¯mib¡ÃpIÄ DWvSmImsX XSbp¶p. {]talw, lrZbtcmK§Ä F¶nhbn \n¶p kwc£n¡p¶p.

klmbIamhpw, XhnSns\ Xffn¸dbcptX

XhnSn HtaK 3 ^män BknUpIÄ [mcmfambn AS§nbncn¡p¶p. AXp {]Xntcm[iàn Iq«p¶Xn\p klmbn¡p¶p. IqSmsX ]eXcw hnäman\pIfpw XhnSn AS§nbn«pWvSv.

{]tXyIn¨pw ]¨¡dnhn`h§Ä ]qÀWambpw Hgnhm¡nb Blmc{Iaw ioeam¡p¶Xp Imcy§Ä hjfm¡pw. Zl\w thK¯nem¡p¶Xn\p ]¨¡dnhn`h§fnse \mcpIÄ {][m\ ]¦phln¡p¶p.

Cd¨nhn`h§Ä A]ISw

Cd¨n DbÀ¶ Xm]\nebn thhn¡pt¼mÄ haem (lotamt¥m_nsâ LSIamb cmkkwbpàw) ]pd¯phcnIbpw AXv IpSense DÄ`n¯nbnepff ayqtImk BhcWw \in¸n¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p. Icfn \n¶p IpSense¯n hnkÀPy]ZmÀY§fn IeÀ¶ hnj]ZmÀY§Ä AXphgn hoWvSpw cà¯n Iecp¶Xn\nSbmIp¶p. Chbn ]eXpw ImÀknt\mP³kv BWv.

F®bn hdp¯pw s]mcn¨pw Xbmdm¡p¶ amwkhn`h§tfmSmWp an¡hÀ¡pw Gsd XmXv]cyw. NqSmb F® hnLSn¨pWvSmIp¶ ss\t{Smkmao³ F¶ cmk]ZmÀYw amcIamb ImÀknt\mP\mWv. AXv IpSensâ DÄ`n¯nbneqsS cà¯n IS¶pIqSpIbpw Im³kdn\p ImcWamhpIbpw sN¿p¶p. D¸pw ss\t{Säv Asæn ss\ss{Säpw tNÀ¯p kwkvIcn¨ amwk¯nepw ss\t{Smkmao³ AS§nbncn¡p¶p.

`£Wkw_Ôamb {]iv\§fpw ]cnlmc amÀ¤§fpw

hni¸nÃmbva

* cpNnbnÃmbva, Hm¡m\w, OÀ±n, thZ\, Zlt\{µnb hyhØbnse aäv AkzØXIÄ F¶nh ImcWw hni¸nÃmbva DWvSmIp¶p. am\knI hy Ybpw hni¸nÃmbvabv¡p Hcp ImcWamWv.

* tcmKnbpsS apdnbn \n¶v s_Uv]m³, apjnª hkv{X§Ä, aäv A\mhiy D]IcW§Ä F¶nh amän \à A´co£w DWvSm¡Ww.

* `£W¯n\v ap¼mbn apJhpw ssIIfpw IgpIn tcmKnsb kpJ{]Zamb AhØbn Ccp¯Ww.

* IpSpw_¯nse aäwK§Äs¡m¸w `£Ww Ign¡p¶Xv am\kntImÃmkw {]Zm\w sN¿pw. IqSmsX `£Ww BkzZn¨p Ign¡m\pw klmbn¡pw.

* `£W¯nsâ Afhn\v {]m[m\yw sImSp¡p¶Xn\v ]Icw AXv tcmKn¡v \ÂImhp¶ t]mjI LSI§Ä¡v {]m[m\yw \ÂIWw.

* AanXambn Nmb, Im¸n F¶nh IpSn¡p¶Xv Hgnhm¡Ww.

icoc`mcw Ipdbp¶Xv

* Im³kÀ NnInÕbpsS ]mÀiz^eambn DWvSmIp¶ hni¸nÃmbva, tcmKnbpsS am\knI {]bmkw, hnhn[Xcw sSÌpIÄ¡pthWvSn `£Ww Ign¡mXncn¡pI F¶nhbmWv icoc`mcw Ipdbp¶Xn\pÅ {][m\ ImcW§Ä.

* A¶Pw [mcmfw AS§nb `£Ww Ign¡p¶Xphgn icoc`mcw IpdbmsX XSbmw.

* ]men sFkv{Iow tNÀ¯v Ign¡p¶Xpw, ]g¨mdpIÄ IpSn¡p¶Xpw Itemdnbw amwkyhpw \ÂIp¶ `£W ]ZmÀY§Ä Ign¡p¶Xpw shůn\p ]Icw Itemdn Xcp¶ ]m\ob§Ä `£W¯n DÄs¸Sp¯p¶Xpw icoc`mcw Ipdbp¶Xv XSbp¶p.

amwky¯nsâ Ipdhv

* icoc¯n\v amwkyw kzbw DWvSm¡m³ km[n¡m¯Xn\m amwkyw `£Ww hgn Xs¶ icocmhiy§Ä¡mbn e`yam¡Ww. icoctImi§fpsS \nÀ½mW¯n\pw tcmK{]Xntcm[¯n\v Bhiyamb Bânt_mUnIfpsS D¸mZ\¯n\pw apdnhpIÄ DW§p¶Xn\pw apSnbpsSbpw Xz¡nsâbpw icnbmb hfÀ¨bv¡pw amwkyw AXymhiyamWv.

* Nokv, ap«, \¶mbn thhn¨ Cd¨n, I¸eWvSn, Nqc aÕyw F¶nh `£W¯n DÄs¸Sp¯p¶Xv amwkyw icoc¯n\v e`yam¡m³ klmbn¡p¶p.

* ]m tNÀ¯ kq¸v, an¡v tj¡v F¶nhbpw \ÃXmWv.

* ssXcv Znhkhpw `£W¯n Hcp eLphn`hambn DÄs¸Sp¯Ww.

* Nmbbpw Im¸nbpw Øm\¯pw AØm\¯pw \mw IpSn¡mdpWvSv. F¶m Cu ioew Hgnhm¡pI.

(4) Uw]n§v kn³t{Um

Bamibw \o¡w sN¿p¶ Hm¸tdj³ Ignª tcmKnIfn km[mcWt]mse `£Ww Ign¡pt¼mÄ `£Wthfbn hbdv hoÀ¯Xmbn amdpIbpw, s\©nSn¸v, izmk¯n\v thKw IqSpI, XfÀ¨, hnbÀ¸v F¶o e£W§fpw A\p`hs¸Smw. CXns\ Uw]n§v kn³t{Um F¶p hnfn¡pw. CsXmgnhm¡m\mbn

* amwkyw, sImgp¸v F¶nh IqSnbXpw A¶Pw IpdªXpamb `£Ww Ign¡Ww.

* a[pcw, tNm¡teäv F¶nhbS§nb `£Ww Hgnhm¡pI

* `£W§Ä X½nepÅ CSthf Ipdbv¡Ww

* `£Wt¯msSm¸w shÅw IpSn¡p¶Xv Hgnhm¡n `£W§Ä¡nSbnepÅ kab¯v shÅw IpSn¡Ww.

cpNn hyXymkw

IotamsXdm¸n, tdUntbj³ sXdm¸n XpS§nb NnInÕIfpsS ^eambpw Im³kÀ Xs¶bpw cpNn hyXymkw DWvSm¡pw. Nne tcmKnIÄ¡v CXv cpNn¡pdhmtbm AcpNnbmtbm teml§fpsS cpNnbmtbm A\p`hs¸Smw. Nnet¸mÄ CXv a[pc¯nt\mSpÅ {]nbamtbm, ]pfntbmSpw Ibv]nt\mSpapÅ shdp¸mtbm tcmKn¡v A\p`hs¸Smw.

* amwkw CjvSs¸Sm¯hcmsW¦n amwkyw [mcmfw AS§nb aäv `£WhkvXp¡fmb Nokv, ap«, ]mÂ, ssXcv, aÕyw, I¸eWvSn F¶nh `£W¯n DÄs¸Sp¯Ww.

* `£Ww ISpIp Xfnt¨m sNdnb tXmXn akme tNÀt¯m cpNn Iq«pItbm AÃm¯]£w aÃnbne tNÀ¯v Ae¦cnt¨m, sh®sbmgn¨v IqSpX BIÀjIam¡ntbm tcmKn¡v \ÂImhp¶XmWv.

*hmbnse teml§fpsS cpNn amäp¶Xn\v `£W¯n\p ap¼mbn \mc§ tNÀ¯ shÅw sImWvSv hmb IgpIp¶Xv hfsc D¯aamWv.

* tdUntbjsâ ]mÀiz^eambn«mWv cpNnbnÃmbvabpw cpNn hyXymkhpw A\p`hs¸Sp¶sX¦n NnInÕ Ignªv C¯cw ]mÀiz^e§Ä Xmt\ A{]Xy£ambns¡mÅpw F¶ hkvXpX tcmKnsb ]dªp a\knem¡Ww.

`£Ww Ign¡m³ {]bmkw

Im³kÀ NnInÕbpsS ^eambn sXmWvSbnse tÇjvakvXc¯n\pWvSmIp¶ hyXnbm\hpw Dan\ocnsâ Ipdhpw `£Ww Cd¡m³ _p²nap«pWvSmIpw. IpdªXv `£Ww Ign¡p¶Xn\nSbnepÅ shÅw IpSnsb¦nepw Hgnhm¡nsbSp¡pI.

* I«nbpÅ Blmc¯n\v ]Icw arZphmb `£Ww Ign¡p¶Xv \ÃXmWv. ]mÂ, Iªn F¶nh \Ãt]mse thhn¨v anIvknbn ASn¨Xv, ]¨¡dn kq¸pIÄ, ]men ap«bSn¨Xv, B¸nÄ, tKmh F¶nhbpsS Ìyq F¶nh arZphmb `£W]ZmÀY§fmWv.

* CSvbv¡nsS shÅtam ]g¨mtdm IpSn¡m³ \ÂIp¶Xv hmbv \\hpÅXmbncn¡m³ klmbn¡pw

* A¨mdpIÄ, \mc§bpsS sNdnb IjvWw F¶nh hmbn C«v \pWbp¶Xv Dan\ocnsâ DÂ]mZ\w Iq«p¶p.

Im³kÀ {]Xntcm[¯n {i²nt¡WvS Imcy§Ä

* amwk¯nsâ D]tbmKw Ipdbv¡pI. ]¨¡dnIÄ IqSpXembn Blmc¯n DÄs¸Sp¯pI.

* sImgpt¸dnbXpw hdp¯Xpamb `£Wkm[\§Ä IgnhXpw Hgnhm¡pI.

* Hcn¡Â D]tbmKn¨ F® hoWvSpw ]mNI¯n\mbn D]tbmKn¡mXncn¡pI.

* ]q¸Â _m[n¨ Blmckm[\§fpw IcnªXpw ]pIªXpamb `£Wkm[\§fpw Hgnhm¡pI.

* `£Ww ]eXhW NqSm¡n D]tbmKn¡mXncn¡pI.

* IoS\min\n tNÀ¯ ]¨¡dnIÄ Hcp aWn¡qsd¦nepw shůnen« tijw \¶mbn IgpIn D]tbmKn¡pI.

* cmkhkvXp¡fpsS D]tbmKw IgnhXpw Ipdbv¡pI.

* [mcmfw \mcpIfS§nb ]¨¡dnIfpw [m\y§fpw D]tbmKn¡pI.

* AanXamb akme D]tbmKw Ipdbv¡pIbpw aªÄ, shfp¯pÅn, IpcpapfIv, C©n, PocIw F¶nh `£W¯n [mcmfambn DÄs¸Sp¯pIbpw sN¿pI.

* ¹mÌnIv ]m{X§fpsS D]tbmKw IgnhXpw Ipdbv¡pI F¶nh {i²n¨m Hcp ]cn[n hsc Im³kdns\ {]Xntcm[n¡m³ km[n¡pw.

 

 

sImXpIns\ AIämw, sU¦n¸\nsb \mSpIS¯mw

 


CuUokv hn`mK¯nÂs¸« sImXpIpIfmWv sU¦n¸\n ]c¯p¶Xv. Cu hÀK¯nÂs¸« sImXpIpIÄ ]IemWp a\pjysc ISn¡p¶Xv. ChbpsS icoc¯n Idp¸pw shfp¸pw CS IeÀ¶ hcIÄ ImWp¶XpsImWvSv Chsb ssSKÀ sImXpIpIÄ F¶p hnfn¡mdpWvSv. ]qÀW hfÀs¨sb¯nb CuUokv sImXpIpIÄ hn{ian¡p¶Xv Ccn¡p¶ {]Xe¯n\p XncÝo\ambn«mbncn¡pw. CuUokv CuPn]vä IqSmsX CuUokv BÂ_m ]nÀäkv, CuUokv t]mfnt\knb³kv, CuUokv kväq¡ps«Ãmcnkv F¶o sImXpIpIfpw Cu sshdkv tcmKw ]d¯p¶Xmbn sXfnªn«pWvSv. BÀt_m hÀK¯nÂs¸« sshdkpIfmWv Cu tcmKapWvSm¡p¶Xv. Chbn¯s¶ \mep hn`mK§fpWvSv. Chsb kotdm ssS¸pIÄ F¶p imkv{Xobambn hnfn¡p¶p. den1, den2, den3, den 4 ChbmWv kotdm ssS¸pIÄ. C§s\ kotdm ssS¸pIÄ DÅXpsImWvSmWv, sU¦n¸\ns¡Xncmb {]Xntcm[ Ip¯nhbv]v IWvSp]nSn¡m³ km[n¡m¯Xpw sU¦n¸\n a\pjycnÂ\n¶v sImXpIpIfnte¡pw sImXpIpIfnÂ\n¶v a\pjycnte¡pw ]Icp¶Xpw.

tcmK_m[nXcmb a\pjysc ISn¡pt¼mÄ sshdkpIÄ sImXpIpIfpsS icoc¯n Ibdn¸äp¶p. Hcn¡Â sImXpIpIsf _m[n¨m B sImXpIpIÄ, F«papX ]¯pZnhk¯n\Iw ISn¡pt¼mÄ a\pjyÀ¡pw tcmKw _m[n¡p¶p. sU¦n¸\nbpsS C³Ipt_j³ ]ncnbUv km[mcWbmbn A©papX ]¯pZnhkw hscbmWv.(tcmK_oP§Ä icoc¯n {]thin¨v tcmKe£W§Ä ImWn¡p¶XphscbpÅ ImeL«¯ns\ C³Ipt_j³ ]ncnbUv F¶p ]dbp¶p. ]IÀ¨hym[nIsf¸än ]dbpt¼mÄ km[mcW D]tbmKn¡p¶ Hcp ]ZamWnXv.) {]mbenwKt`Zsat\y BÀ¡pw Cu tcmKw hcmw. F¦nepw Ip«nIfn {]mbambtc¡mÄ tcmK¯nsâ Xo£vWX Ipdªncn¡pw.

tcmK¯nsâ Xo{hX A\pkcn¨pw cà]cntim[\m^ew B{ibn¨pw sU¦n¸\nsb aq¶pXcambn Xncn¨n«pWvSv.

1. ¢mkn¡Â sU¦n¸\n

2. cà{kmht¯mSpIqSnb sU¦n¸\n

3. sU¦n tjm¡v kn³t{Umw

1. ¢mkn¡Â sU¦n¸\n

tcmKe£W§Ä: hndbepw ]\nbpambn«mbncn¡pw tcmK¯nsâ XpS¡w. ITn\amb XethZ\bpw t]inthZ\bpw kÔnthZ\bpw aäp e£W§fmWv. ITn\amb ]pdwthZ\ A\p`hs¸Sp¶XpsImWvSv Cu tcmKs¯ \Spsh«n¸\n F¶pw hnfn¡mdpWvSv.

Ccp]¯n\mep aWn¡qdn\pÅn I®n\p]n¶nÂthZ\ A\p`hs¸Sp¶p. I®pZo\w ]nSn¨hsct¸mse I®p \\bv¡p¶Xpt]mepw thZ\bpWvSm¡p¶p. shfn¨w ImWp¶XpXs¶ AtemkcapWvSmIp¶p. £oWw, hni¸nÃmbva, ae_Ôw, sXmWvSthZ\ F¶nh aäp e£W§fmWv. Nne tcmKnIfn am\knIhn{`m´nbpw IWvSn«pWvSv. ]\n 39þ40 Un{Kn skÂjykv hschcmw.

]\nh¶v H¶p cWvSpZnhk¯n\Iw AXp amdn\n¡p¶p. cWvSp Znhk¯n\ptijw ]\n hoWvSpw Bcw`n¡p¶p. Cu cWvSmas¯ L«¯n 80 iXam\w tcmKnIfpsS icoc¯nepw sNmdnbp¶ Nph¶ ]mSpIÄ {]Xy£s¸Sp¶p. Ch BZyw {]Xy£s¸Sp¶Xv apJ¯pw Igp¯nepw s\©nepambncn¡pw. ]n¶oSv Cu ]mSpIÄ XSn¨ps]m´p¶p. AXpsImWvSmbncn¡Ww Cu ]\nsb X¡mfn¸\nsb¶pw hnfn¡p¶Xv. icoc¯nsâ aäp `mK§fnte¡pw ]c¡p¶p. Ch ]eZnhk§tfmfw \oWvSp \n¡mw. km[mcWKXnbn HcmgvNbv¡w ]\n hn«p\n¡p¶p.

2.sU¦n slatdPnIv ^ohÀ (cà{kmht¯mSp IqSnbXv)

sU¦n¸\nbpsS asämcp KpcpXcamb cq]amWv sU¦nslatdPnIv ^ohÀ. sU¦n¸\n¡p \mep kotdm ssS¸pIÄ DsWvS¶p ]dªphtÃm. Chbn H¶ne[nIw kotdm ssS¸pIÄ H¶n¨p icoc¯n {]thin¨memWp sU¦n¸\nbpsS Cu apJw \mw ImWp¶Xv.\mepapX Bdp Zn\w hsc \oWvSp\n¡p¶ C³Iypt_j³ ]ncnbUn\ptijw s]s«¶v ]\nbmcw`n¡p¶p. ITn\amb XethZ\bpw apJ¯p Nph¸pw ImWp¶p. tcmK¯nsâ BZy e£W§Ä sU¦n¸\nbptSXpt]mseXs¶ Bbncn¡pw. ]t£ Xz¡n ImWs¸Sp¶ Nph¶ XSn¸pIÄ A]qÀhambncn¡pw. ]\n 40þ41 Un{Kn skÂjykv hscsb¯mw. Ip«nIfn A]kvamc kZriamb e£W§Ä ImWmw. hni¸nÃmbva, OÀZn, DZc¯nsâ heXp`mK¯p hmcnsbÃpIÄ¡p Xmsg AaÀ¯pt¼mÄ thZ\ F¶nh aäp e£W§fmWv. sU¦n¸\nbpsS Cu cq]¯nsâ {]tXyIX càw I«]nSn¡m³ klmbn¡p¶ kwhn[m\§Ä XIcmdnemhp¶p F¶XmWv. XXv^eambn icoc¯nsâ hnhn[ `mK§fn \n¶v cà{kmhapWvSmIp¶p. NÀa¯n\Snbn cà{kmhw. tamWbnÂ\n¶pw aq¡nÂ\n¶pw càw hcnI, càw OÀZn¡pI, hbänÂ\n¶v Smdnsâ \nd¯nepÅ Idp¯aew t]mIpI F¶o e£W§Ä ImWs¸Sp¶p. IcÄho¡w DWvSmIpw. càw I«]nSn¡m³ klmbn¡p¶ t¹ävteäpIfpsS F®w {IamXoXambn Xmgv¶Xmbn cà]cntim[\bnÂImWmw. cà¯nsâ km{µX hÀ[n¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p.

3. sU¦n tjm¡v kn³t{Umw

sU¦n¸\nbpsS `oIcamb apJamWnXv. ap³]dª e£W§Ä¡p ]pdsa càk½ÀZw {IamXoXambn Xmgp¶p. sXm«pt\m¡pt¼mÄ icocw XWp¯ncn¡pw. tcmKn hÃm¯ AkzØX {]ISn¸n¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p.

NnInÕ:

sU¦n¸\nbpsS NnInÕ, e£W§Ä¡mWv. ]\n Ipd¨psImWvSphcm³ {i²n¡Ww. Bkv]cn³ Ignbp¶Xpw sImSp¡cpXv. OÀZnbpw AXnkmchpapsWvS¦n [mcmfw shÅw IpSn¡Ww. tcmKn cà{kmh¯nsâ e£Ww ImWn¡pIbmsW¦n DSs\ Bip]{Xnbnse¯n¨v Hcp ^nknjys\ IWvSv At±lw \nÀtZin¡p¶ NnInÕbv¡p hnt[bamIWw. hn{ian¡pI, ]\n_m[nXÀ sImXpIphe D]tbmKn¡pI. kzbwNnInÕ Hgnhm¡pI.


sImXpIv hfcm\pff kmlNcyw Hgnhm¡mw; ISntb¡msX kq£n¡mw

* sI«n¡nS¡p¶ shff¯nemWp sImXpIp ap«bnSp¶Xv.

hoSnsâ ]cnkc{]tZi§fn shffw sI«n\nev¡p¶ kmlNcyw Hgnhm¡pI. sImXpIn\p ap«bnSm³ Hcp Ipf¯nse shffw thWsa¶nÃ. CebpsSbpw \m¼pIfpsSbpw aS¡n X§n\nev¡p¶ shffw aXnbmIpw. Dt]£n¨ Ip¸nbpsS AS¸n sI«n\nev¡p¶ agshff¯n t]mepw CuUnkv ap«IÄ IsWvS¯nbn«pWvSv. CXpt]mseXs¶ Ae£yambn hens¨dnbp¶ ¹mÌnIv IhdpIfn X§n\nev¡p¶ GXm\pw Xpffn shffw t]mepw sImXpIÄ¡p ap«bnSm\pff CS§fmbn amdp¶p. a\pjysâ {iZv[sb¯m¯ CS§fn InS¡p¶ CuUnkv ap«IÄ A]ISImcnIfmIp¶p. AXn\m acp¶p Xfn¨msem¶pw sImXpIpap«Isf ]qÀWambpw \in¸n¡m\mhnÃ.

* Bdp amkw apX Hcp hÀjw hÀjw hsc Chbv¡v BbpkpWvSv. ap« hncnªnd§p¶ sImXpIpIÄ¡v Hcp amkw hscbpw...Ac IntemaoäÀ hsc ]ds¶¯m\pff tijnbpWvSv. Hcp {]tZiamsI sU¦n¸\n hym]n¡p¶Xn\p ]n¶nse clkyw CXmWv. Hcp {]tZi¯p Xs¶ ]\n BhÀ¯n¨p hym]n¡p¶Xpw AXpsImWvSpXs¶.

* th\¡me¯v CuUnkv ap«IÄ \in¡nÃ. NqSpIqSnb ImemhØbnepw CuUnkv ap«IÄ tISpIqSmsX XpScpw. ]ns¶ CSbv¡nsS agbpw NqSpw CSIeÀ¶p h¶pt]mIp¶ ]pXnb Ime¯nsâ AhØbpw! Hcp Xpffn shffw In«nbm ap« hncnbpw. AXn\m shffw sI«n\nev¡m\pff kmlNcyw ]camh[n Hgnhm¡Ww.

* agshffw ]mgvhkvXp¡fnepw ac§fnse ^emhinã§fnÂt]mepw sNdnb tXmXn X§n\nev¡pw. ag amdnbmepw B shffw BgvNItfmfw AhnsS sI«n\nev¡pw. Xmhfw tXSn \S¡p¶ sImXpIpIÄ AhnsS X¼Sn¡pw. agsb Ipäw ]dbpw apt¼, Npäp]mSpw I¬Xpd¶p ImWpI. ap³IcpXseSp¯m tcmK§Ä Hcp]cn[nhsc AI¶p \nev¡pw. shdptX \S¡p¶Xn\nsS C¯cw ]mgvhkvXp¡Ä shffw X§n\nev¡m\nS\evIm¯ hn[w adn¨nSmw. D]tbmKiq\yamb SbdpIÄ¡pffnepw shffw sI«n\nev¡m\nSbpWvSv. AXpw {i²n¡Ww.

* asämcp hnó d_Àac§fnse Nnc«IfmWv. Chbn shffw X§n\n¡m\pff km[yX GsdbmWv, AXn\m D]tbmKtijhpw Sm¸nwKv CÃm¯ Ime¯pw Ch Iagv¯nhbv¡m³ {i²n¡Ww. C¡mcy§Ä Dd¸phcpt¯WvSXv Hcp hyànbpsS am{Xw NpaXebÃ. Hcp kaql¯nsâ NpaXebmsW¶v Cu sshInb thfbnse¦nepw Xncn¨dnbpI. ho«n\pffnse sNSn¨«nIfn shffw sI«n\n¡m³ A\phZn¡cpXv.

* D]tbmKn¡m¯ I¡qkpIfpsS ^vfjv Sm¦pIÄ, t¢mkäpIÄ F¶nhbn sImXpIpIÄ ap«bnSm\pff kmlNcyw GsdbmWv. AXn\m Ah \¶mbn aqSnbnSWw. hoSnt\mSp tNÀ¶ I¡qknepw ]et¸mfpw sU¦n¸\n ]c¯p¶ sImXpIpIsf IsWvS¯nbn«pWvSv. AXn\m AXoh Pm{KX thWw. tkm¸ps]«nbpsS AS¸n\pffn X§n\nev¡p¶ GXm\pw Xpffn shff¯nepw CuUnkv sImXpIpIÄ ap«bnSmw.

* cm{Xnbpw ]Iepw sImXpInsâ ISntbev¡msX kq£n¡pI. IrjnbnS§fn ]WnsbSp¡p¶hcpw bm{X sN¿p¶hcpw sImXpIpISntbev¡msX kq£n¡pI. icocw ]qÀWambpw aqSn¡nS¡p¶ hkv{Xw [cn¡pI. apdnbn Ip´ncn¡w ]pIbv¡pI.

hnhc§Ä¡p IS¸mSv: tUm. t]mÄ hmg¸nÅn

Atkm. {]^. Hm^v kÀPdn, ]cnbmcw saUn¡Â tImfPv.

 
 

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