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]¨s¸m¶nsâ tim` a§p¶p, GewIrjn {]XnkÔnbpsS tXm«¯nÂ
ØncXbnÃm¯ It¼mfhpw e¡nÃm¯ IrjnsNehpw ]¨s¸m¶nsâ tim` sISp¯p¶p. 2010 PqWn 1936 cq]hsc HcpIntem Ge¡mbv¡v hne e`n¨ Øm\¯v C¶v DXv]mZ\sNehpt]mepw e`n¡msX hnägnt¡WvS KXntISmWv A`napJoIcn¡p¶Xv. icmicn HcpIntem Ge¡mbv DXv]mZn¸n¡m³ 850 cq]tbmfw sNehphcpt¼mÄ Ct¸mgs¯ amÀ¡äv hne 750 cq]bn XmsgbmWv.

Znhkhpw hnebn 10 þ 40 cq]hsc hne hyXnbm\w \S¡p¶ Ge¡mbv ssIbnÂ]nSn¨v a\kpd¨v H¶pw sN¿m\mIm¯ AhØbmWv GewIÀjIcptSXv. BtKmf km¼¯nI amµy¯nsâ `mKambn hn]W\hpw aµKXnbnemWv. 1900 cq]hsc hneh¶ Ge¡mbv 750 cq]bv¡v hnÂt¡WvSnhcp¶Xnsâ {]lcw IÀjIsc Gsd _m[n¨n«pWvSv. Ge¡mbptSXv Ah[nhym]mcamWv. hm§p¶ Nc¡n\v 15 Znhk¯n\pÅn hne \ÂInbm aXn. km¼¯nIamµyhpw hnebnse hyXnbm\hpw hym]mc¯n\v tZmjapWvSm¡nbncn¡pIbpamWv.

Ignª GXm\pw hÀjambn Gew DXv]mZ\¯n DWvSmbncn¡p¶ hÀ[\hpw hnehÀ[\hpw sNehpw hÀ[n¸n¨Xnsâ ZptcymKamWv C¶v IÀjIsc Gsd hebv¡p¶Xv. aq¶phÀjwap¼v Intembv¡v 400 cq] DXv]mZ\sNehv DWvSmbncp¶ Øm\¯mWv C¶v 850 cq] DXv]mZ\sNehv Bbncn¡p¶Xv. 2010 þ 11þ 25,000 St®mfw DXv]mZ\w DWvSmbncps¶¦nepw 4,650 S¬ IbäpaXn DWvSmbncp¶Xn\memWv hne cWvSmbncs¯ ap«nbXv. IgnªhÀjw IbäpaXn 1,650 S¬ Bbn Xmgv¶p. F¶mepw DXv]mZ\£aX Gdnbncp¶Xn\m IÀjIsc Gsd _m[n¨nÃ. F¶m Cs¡mÃw ØnXn FÃm {]Xo£Ifpw XInSwadn¨ncn¡pIbmWv. {]XnIqe ImemhØ IÀjIcpsS N¦pXIÀ¯ncn¡pIbmWv. 1993þ DWvSmbXnt\¡mÄ `oXnIcamb hcĨbmWv CuhÀjw GewtaJebn A\p`hs¸Sp¶Xv.

a¬kqWpw XpemhÀjhpw NXn¨ Cu kok¬ Gew DXv]mZ\s¯ ]IpXnbntesd Ipd¨p. Ignª _p[³, hymgw Znhk§fn ag e`n¡psa¶ ImemhØm \nco£IcpsS {]hN\hpw GewtaJebn ^en¨nÃ. Ncn{X¯n Ct¶hsc hänbn«nÃm¯ Ipf§fpw \oÀ¨mepIfpw hcWvSpsImWvSncn¡p¶ ImgvNbmWnt¸mÄ.

ImemhØ XeXncnªtXmsS C¯hW DXv]mZ\w 60 iXam\w IpdªXmbmWv Ct¸mgs¯ IW¡v. th\ XpSÀ¶m CXv hoWvSpw Xmgpw. DXv]mZ\£aX IpdbpwtXmdpw DXv]mZ\sNehpw hÀ[n¡pt¼mgmWv hnebn IpXn¸pw ImWm¯ ØnXnbpWvSmbncn¡p¶Xv.

hnfhv Ipdbpt¼mÄ hneIqSp¶ kmam\y [\XXzimkv{Xw ChnsS Xncp¯s¸Sm³ ImcWw Kzm«namebpsS kzm[o\amWv. Unkw_À, P\phcn amk§fn Kzm«namebn hnfshSp¸pImeamWv. Kzm«namebnÂ\n¶v CXnt\mSIw 78 S¬ Ge¡m Pbn³ FIvknw F¶ I¼\n cWvSptem«pIfmbn sNss¶, apwss_ F¶nhnS§fn Cd¡nbXmbn hnhcw e`n¨n«pWvSv. CXn IqSpX Cd¡paXn \S¶n«psWvS¶mWv ØncoIcn¡m¯ hnhcw. C´y³ hnetb¡mÄ Ipdª hne tIzm«psNbvXmWv Kzm«name Nc¡v Cd¡paXnsN¿p¶Xv. CXv ap¼v F¶t¯bpwt]mse hne DbÀ¨ XSªn«pWvSv.

hSt¡ C´ybn DWvSmbncn¡p¶ AXnssiXyw hSt¡ C´y³ D]t`mKw Ipd¨Xmbpw dnt¸mÀ«pIfpWvSv. ssiXyw hnX¨ sISpXn Ge¡mt]mepÅ DXv]¶§fpsS D]t`mKw Ipd¨p.

\hw_À amk¯n tIcf¯n Ge¡m hn]W\hpambn _Ôs¸«pWvSmb kacw IbäpaXn km[yXbpw DÕhhym]mchpw ]n¶nem¡n. ]e IbäpaXn HmÀUdpIfpw kacwaqew d±mt¡WvSnh¶Xmbn hym]mcnIÄ ]dbp¶p. DÕh kok¬ hym]mc¯n {]Xo£n¨{X DWÀhv IWvSnÃ. Hcpamkw \oWvSp\n¶ hym]mckvXw`\w 2000 S¬ Ge¡msb¦nepw sI«n¡nS¡m³ CSbm¡nbXmbmWv hnhcw. Cu kokWn DXv]mZ\¯n h³ CSnhpWvSmbn«psWvS¦nepw amÀ¡än km[\w F¯ns¡mWvSmWncn¡p¶Xv. DÕhkokWn hnäpt]mtIWvS km[\amWv Ct¸mÄ hn]Wnbn F¯p¶Xv. AXn\mÂXs¶ hn]Wnbn Ge¡mbv¡v tjmÀt«Pv A\p`hs¸Sp¶nÃ. CuhÀjw amÀ¨n\pÅn 1500 S®mWv IbäpaXn {]Xo£bpÅXv. Kzm«namebnÂ\n¶pw Imcyamb Cd¡paXn DWvSmbnsæn Ct¸mgs¯ ChnSs¯ DXv]mZ\amµyw IW¡nseSp¯v hne Dbcm³ km[yXbpsWvS¦nepw hcĨ GewtaJesb `bs¸Sp¯p¶pWvSv. s^{_phcnbn ag e`n¨nsæn Ge¡mSpIÄ Nm¼ÂImSpIfmIpw F¶XmWv ØnXn. Ge¯nsâ ]pXnb IrjncoXnIÄ shůnsâ D]tbmKw hÀ[n¸n¨n«pWvSv. CXn\p]n¶msebmWv hcĨbpw cq£ambncn¡p¶Xv. Get¯m«¯nsâ hnkvXrXnbpw IgnªIme§sf¡mÄ hÀ[n¨n«pWvSv. H¶ce£w G¡À Øe¯v Gew IrjnbpÅXmbmWv kvss]kkv t_mÀUnsâ IW¡v.

þsI.Fkv. {^m³knkv

\à k¼mZy ioe§Ä¡v 11 Imcy§Ä
Ip«nIfneqsS amXm]nXm¡fpsS t]m¡änte¡v. C¯c¯nepff \nch[n ]cky§Ä C¶p Snhnbnepw ]{X§fnepw aäpw ImWp¶...
t]m¡äv aWn A¡uWvSnenSmw
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Ip«nIfpsS `mhn, AXtà FÃmw...
Iq«m\pw Ipdbv¡m\pw ]Tn¡p¶Xn\p apt¼ Xs¶ Ip«nIÄ ]Ws¯¡pdn¨v ]Tn¨ncn¡pw. ]Ww Bhiyamb hkvXphmsW¶...
Cc« amPn¡neqsS k¼¯v
Hcp hyànbpsS PohnX¯n \nch[n e£y§Ä DWvSmIpw. {]tXyIn¨pw [\Imcy e£y§Ä. Hcp hoSp hbv¡pI. bm{Xbvs¡mcp I...
Icn¡n³shÅw
tIcf¯nsâ X\Xv ]m\obamWv Cf\oÀ. t]mjIkar²hpw {]IrXnZ¯hpamb Cf\ocn\v temI¯v s]mXpthbpw cmPy¯v BIam\hpw henb UnamâmWpÅ...
\nt£]w hfÀ¯m³ cWvSv skÎdpIÄ
k¼ZvtaJebnepWvSmIp¶ DWÀhv [\Imcy taJebnepÅ HmlcnIfpsS anI¨ {]IS\¯n\v CSbm¡pw. ]eni \nc¡pIfnse amäw [\Imcy taJesb \¶mbn kzm[o\n¡p¶pWvSv. P\phcn 15 \p tijw cWvSp...
]mhv `mPn sImWvSph¶ hnPbw
kpJ¯nsâ kmKc¯n \o´n¯pSn¡m³ B{Kln¡p¶hcmWv FÃmhcpw. Cu Bibs¯ Xs¶bmWv \mw PohnXhnPbw F¶pw ]dbp¶Xv. AS§m¯ ]mj\pÅ taJebn kvXpXyÀlamb {]hÀ¯\w ImgvNh¨v {]ikvXnbpsSb...
Ip«nIfpsS `mhn Dd¸m¡m³ 7 Imcy§Ä
GsXmcp amXm]nXm¡fptSbpw B{KlamWv Ip«nIÄ \à hnZym`ymkw t\Sn D¶X§fnse¯pIsb¶Xv. ]et¸mgpw \à Øm]\§fn {]thi\w e`n¨mÂt]mepw ]WanÃmbva aqew ]eÀ¡pw tImgvkn\v tNcm³ ...
F´n\pw GXn\pw CIznän ^WvSv
temI¯nse Gähpw hnIkn¨ cmPy§fn H¶mWv bpFkv. k¼¯nsâ Imcy¯n temI¯nsâ \mensem¶pw AhcpsS ssIhiamWv. AhnSps¯ 45 iXam\w BfpIfpw ayqNz ^WvSn \nt£]n¨n«pWvSv. GXmWvS...
hoSv, hnZym`ymkw, k¼¯v
hyànIfpsS {]mb¯n\\pkcn¨v Hmtcmcp¯cptSbpw km¼¯nI e£y§fnepw amäw hcpw. Ip«nIfpsS hnZym`ymkw, hnhmlw, hoSv hm§Â, dn«bÀsaâv XpS§n \nch[n km¼¯nI Bhiy§fpWvSmIpw. C¯cw...
bqtdmsSIv amcnssSw A¡mUan
A`ncpNnbÃ, at\m`mhamWv \n§fpsS Hu¶Xyw \nÝbn¡p¶Xv. at\m`mh¯n amäw hcp¯nbm hfÀ¨ Xms\ hcpw. CXmWv sXm®qdpIfpsS ]IpXn hsc tIcf¯n tI«ptIÄhn t]mepanÃmbncp¶ amcnssS...
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FXncpItfmSp \nc´cw Gäpap«n, Xncn¨SnIfn ]n´ncntªmSmsX A\p`h§fpsS Icp¯n XoÀ¯XmWv \nd]dsb¶ aebmfnbpsS NnckvacWbn \nXy ap{ZnXamb {_m³Unsâ Aac¡mc\mb sI. sI. IÀWsâ...
tIcf¯n km¶n[yw hÀ[n¸n¨v _m¦v Hm^v C´y
\qdp iXam\w _m¦nwKv IhtdPv Dff tIcf¯n ]pXnb imJIÄ Xpd¶p apt¶dm\pff {ia¯nemWv apwss_ tI{µambpff _m¦v Hm^v C´y. \qän¸¯p hÀjt¯mfw {]hÀ¯\]mc¼cyapff _m¦v AXpsImWvSp...
hnPb¯n\v AXnthK Xocpam\w
henb kz]v\§Ä IWvSXpsImWvSp am{Xw ImcyanÃ. AXv {]mhÀ¯nIam¡m³ \¶mbn ]cn{ian¡pIbpw thWw. F¦n Dd¸mWv hnPbw. {]hÀ¯\w hyàamb Bkq{XWt¯msS \S¯Ww. e£y¯nse¯nt¨cm\pÅ amÀ...
kwcw`IÀ¡v XpWbmbn kÀ¡mÀ ]²XnIÄ
Fw.Fkv.Fw.C skÎdpIÄ¡v henb {]m[m\yamWv tI{µþkwØm\ kÀ¡mcpIÄ \evInhcp¶Xv. kwcw`IcmIm³ B{Kln¡p¶hÀ¡v Bi¦ CÃmsX kwcw`taJebnte¡v IS¶phcphm³ Ignbp¶ [mcmfw kÀ¡mÀ klmb ]...
d_dn\v \Ã Imew sXfnbp¶p?
d_dnsâ ØnXn ]Xnsb sa¨s¸SpIbmWv. 2015 Ahkm\tam 2016þtem hne sa¨s¸«p XpS§psa¶mWv {]Xo£. atejy BØm\ambpff Atkmkntbj³ Hm^v \m¨pd d_À s{]mUyqknwKv I¬{Sokv (FF³BÀ...
ss{]w C³kpteäUv hoSv th\enepw Xosc NqSnÃm¯ hoSv
sNss¶bn \n¶v \m«ntebv¡pÅ bm{Xbn imep BsI aqUv Hm^v Bbncp¶p. cWvSv hÀj§Ä¡p tijw sht¡j³ BtLmjn¡m³ Xdhm«ntebv¡v hcp¶Xnsâ Hcp kt´mjhpw B apJ¯v CÃmbncp¶p. tIm¬{Ioä...
\nt£]hpw hfÀ¨bpw e£yw
]cnjvImc¯nsâ hnkvt^mS\w {]Xo£n¨nS¯v Hcp shSns¡«p t]mepw kw`hn¨nÃ. F³UnFbv¡p thWvSn [\a{´n Acp¬ Pbväven AhXcn¸n¨ cWvSmas¯ _Päv CÑm`wKapWvSm¡nsb¦nepw XoÀ¯pw \ncmi...
t]Sn¡msX \nt£]n¡m³ FkvsF]n
Hmlcn \nt£]w FhnsS XpS§Ww, F§s\ XpS§Ww. hn]WnbpsS Ibänd¡§Ä A\pkcn¨v Xsâ \nt£]s¯ F§s\ Nn«s¸Sp¯Ww... A§s\ Hcp]nSn kwib§fmbncn¡pw ]pXpXmbn \nt£]¯n\nd§p¶ Hmtcmcp¯cp...
_nkn\kv hfÀ¯mw, alnfm _m¦ns\m¸w
kwcw`w XpS§m³ B{Kln¡p¶ h\nXIÄ¡v km¼¯nI klmbw \evIn AhÀ¡v XpWbmIpIbmWv `mcXob alnfm _m¦v. _yq«n]mÀeÀ, In³UÀ KmÀU³, ImädnwKv XpS§n kv{XoIÄ¡p tim`n¡m³ km[yXbpÅ kwc...
s]¬Icp¯n 5 HmlcnIÄ
cmPys¯ P\§fpsS _m¦nwKv Bhiy§Ä FÃmw Hcp IpS¡ogn AWn\nc¯p¶ BIvknkv _m¦v kzImcy _m¦pIfn aq¶mw Øm\¯mWv. emÀPv, anUv þtImÀ]tdäv, FwFkvFwC, A{KnIĨÀ, dos«bn _nkn\k...
kv{XoIÄ¡v \nIpXn em`n¡mw
an¡ taJeIfnepw C¶v kv{XoIÄ ]pcpj·mÀs¡m¸w F¯nbncn¡p¶p. CXp a\kn IWvSpsImWvSmhWw, \nIpXn\nbaw cWvSp Iq«À¡pw Hcp t]msebm¡nbncn¡pIbmWv. GXm\pw hÀjw ap¼p hsc tPmen¡...
IWvSp]nSp¯hpw t]äâpw
henb IWvSp]nSp¯§Ä¡v am{Xta t]äâv e`n¡pIbpÅq F¶Xv anYym[mcWbmWv.sNdnb IWvSp]nSp¯§Ä¡pw t]äâv e`n¡pw. AXn\pÅ D¯a DZmlcWamWv tk^vän]n³. tk^vän ]n¶n\pÅ t]äâv 1849þ ...
tNmbvkv kvIqÄ, ]Tn¡mw; hfcmw BImit¯mfw
kt´mjamWp PohnX¯nse Gähpw henb k¼mZyw. AXp hnesImSp¯p hm§m\mhnÃ. Bcn \n¶pw ISabmbnt«m, Xncn¨psImSp¡msa¶ hyhØbntem hm§m\mhnÃ. AXp _m¦n tcJs¸Sp¯s¸Sp¶nÃ. tem¡dnÂ...
tIcf¯nsâ c£bv¡v {Ko³lukv hn]vfhw
tIcfw Hcp shÃphnfnbpsS Ime¯neqsS IS¶pt]mhpIbmWv. BtKmf Xe¯n {IqtUmbn hne Xmgp¶Xv KÄ^n tPmen sN¿p¶ \sÃmcp ]¦v aebmfnItfbpw _m[n¡pIbmWv. hne¯mgvN XpSÀ¶p \nev¡p...
Hcp ZiI¯nsâ Icp¯pambn C³t^m]mÀ¡v
aebmfn sFSn bphXz¯nsâ kz]v\`qanbmb C³t^m ]mÀ¡v hnPbIcamb ]¯p hÀj§Ä ]qÀ¯nbm¡n Icpt¯msS apt¶dpIbmWv. kz´w \m«n sXmgn sN¿m³ bphm¡Ä¡v Ahkcsamcp¡nb C³t^m]mÀ¡v C¶v ...
ASnØm\ kuIcy§sfmcp¡n In³{^
ASnØm\ kuIcyhnIk\amWv k¼ZvhfÀ¨bpsS ImXÂ. anI¨ ASnØm\kuIcy§Ä cmPy¯nsâ ]ptcmKXnbpw PohnX\nehmchpw sa¨s¸Sp¯pw. cmPys¯ ASnØm\ kuIcytaJebnse Ipdhv \nI¯m³ s]mXpþkzImc...
]d¡mw... [\Imcy kzmX{´y¯nte¡v
IpSpw_w Hcpan¨v Du«nbntebvs¡mcp {Sn¸v t]mIp¶psh¶p IcpXpI. Znhk§Ä¡p apt¼ Hcp¡§Ä Bcw`n¡pIbmbn. {Ukv FSp¯p hbv¡p¶p, Znhkhpw Bhiyamb hkvXp¡Ä Hcp¡n hbv¡p¶p. Ip«nIfm...
Irjn tIcf¯nsâ kzÀWJ\n
a\kph¨m tIcf¯nsâ kzÀWJ\nbmWv Irjn'' acp`qanbn ]q¡Ä hncnbn¨v C{ktbense Gähpw henb IbäpaXn¡mc\mbn amdnb Fenbmlp _kmteensâ hm¡pIfmWv. FdWmIpfs¯ ]dhqcn\Sp¯pff tNµ...
acp`qanbnse ]q hn]vfhw
1955þImew. A¶v sIm¨nbnÂ\n¶v [mcmfw blpZ·mÀ ]nXr`qanbmbn IcpXp¶ C{kmbnentebv¡v IpSntbdnbncp¶p. C{ktbentebv¡v t]mb A¡q«¯n Hcp Ccp]¯nb©pImc\papWvSmbncp¶p. ]dhqcn...
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