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XpÅnshůnse s\ÂIrjn !
tUm. ]n. tkma³ (No^v At{KmWanÌv Pbn³ CdntKj³)

`mhnbn Pe¯nsâ KmÀlnI, \Kc, hymhkmbnI, ]mcnØnXnI Bhiy§Ä hÀ[n¡pwtXmdpw PetkN\¯n\mbpÅ shůnsâ e`yX IpdªpIpdªphcpw. C´ybn C¶v BsI D]tbmKn¡p¶ shůnsâ 83.3 iXam\hpw PetkN\¯n\mbn e`yamIp¶pWvSv. CXv 2025 BIpt¼mtgbv¡pw 71.6 iXam\ambpw 2050 64.6 iXam\ambpw Ipdbpsa¶v tI{µIrjnhIp¸nsâ IW¡pIÄ kqNn¸n¡p¶p. Gjybnse 170 e£w slÎÀ PetkN\kuIcyapÅ s\ÂIrjnbv¡v 2025 BIpt¼mÄ `uXnI PeZuÀe`yhpw 220 e£w slÎdn km¼¯nI PeZuÀe`yhpw A\p`hs¸Spsa¶mWv hnZKv[cpsS {]hN\w. Cu taJebnse Gähpw henb AcnbpXv]mZIcmb C´ybnembncn¡pw Cu ZuÀe`y¯nsâ knwl`mKhpw. ]camh[n Øe¯v PetkN\sa¯n¡m\mbn e`yamb Pew Gsd¡psd ]qÀWambn \mw D]tbmKn¨pXoÀ¯ncn¡pIbmWv.

hfsctbsd shÅap]tbmKn¨v tNdp]cpham¡nb a®nemWv s\Ãp hnXbv¡p¶Xv. hfcp¶Xmhs« sI«n\nÀ¯nb Pe¯nepw. \½psS s\ÂIrjnbnse Pe¯nsâ DXv]mZ\£aX L\aoädn\v 0.15 Intem{KmamWv. Ct¸mgs¯ shÅw sI«n\nÀ¯nbpÅ k{¼Zmb¯n Hcp G¡À s\ÂIrjnbv¡v 95 e£w enäÀ shÅw BhiyamWv. C{]Imcw hn\ntbmKn¡s¸Sp¶ shůnsâ Gdnb ]¦pw s\Âs¨SnbpsS hfÀ¨bv¡mbà hn\ntbmKn¡p¶sX¶XmWv hntcm[m`mkw. ]et¸mgpw Irjn¡mcsâ kwXr]vXnbv¡pthWvSn, ]c¼cmKXamb sXän[mcWIÄ¡\pkcn¨mWv C{Xtbsd shÅw s\ÂIrjnbn D]tbmKn¡p¶Xv. hmkvXh¯n s\Ãnsâ hfÀ¨bv¡v C{Xtbsd Pew sI«n\nÀt¯WvS ImcyanÃ.

C´ybn ImÀjnIcwKs¯ BsI D]tbmKn¡p¶ shůnsâ 83 iXam\hpw s\Ãnsâ am{Xw PetkN\¯n\mWv thWvSnhcp¶Xt{X.henb tXmXnepÅ Cu Pehn\ntbmKw XpSÀ¶psImWvSv 2050 thWvSnhcpsa¶p {]Xo£n¡p¶ 4940 e£w S¬ DXv]mZ\w km[yamI¯¡hn[¯n DXv]mZ\£aX hÀ[no¸n¡m\mhptam? Ct¸mÄ cmPys¯ Pee`yX 700 _ney¬ Iyq_nIv aoäÀ(_nknFw) BWv. AtXkabw 2050 cmPys¯ PeBhiyw 1200 _nknFw Bbncn¡psa¶v IW¡m¡s¸Sp¶p. Cu kmlNcyw a\Ênem¡nbmhWw Irjnbnse Pehn\ntbmKw kw_Ôn¨v NÀ¨ sNt¿WvSXv?t\ct¯ kqNn¸n¨ tXmXn ip²Pe¯nsâ e`yX hÀ[n¸n¡pI km[yaÃ. Cu cwKs¯ Nne kakyIÄ IqSn ASp¯dntbWvSXpWvSv.

IqSpX [mt\ymXv]mZ\w km[yam¡Wsa¦n 2050 BIpt¼mtgbv¡pw PetkN\kuIcyapÅ IrjnbnS§fpsS hnkvXrXn Ct¸mgs¯ 790 e£w slÎdnÂ\n¶pw 1490e£w slÎdmbn hÀ[n¸n¡Ww PetkN\kuIcyw hÀ[n¸n¡p¶Xn\v IqSpX e`yaÃm¯ kmlNcyapWvSmhpIbmsW¶p IcpXpI. e`yamb shÅw Irjnbnd¡nb IqSpX `mK§Ä¡mbn {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯pI am{Xta C§s\mcp kmlNcy¯n \nhr¯nbpÅq.

Npcp¡¯n hcpwhÀj§fnse s]cpInhcp¶ P\kwJybpsS `£ykpc£ Dd¸m¡p¶Xn\v Ct¸mÄ PetkN\kuIcyw e`yamb Øe§fnse Ct¸mÄ e`yamb Pew D]tbmKn¨v Ipdª ]£w Cc«n DXv]mZ\sa¦nepw t\Sp¶Xn\pÅ kwhn[m\§Ä \mw hnIkn¸nt¡WvSnbncn¡p¶p. XnI¨pw Akm[yamb Imcysa¶p tIÄ¡pt¼mÄ tXm¶ntb¡mw. F¶m CsXmcp bmYmÀYyambns¡mWvSncn¡pIbmWv.

Bbncw enäÀ (Hcp L\aoäÀ) shÅap]tbmKs¸Sp¯n Ct¸mÄ DXv]mZn¸n¡p¶ 150 {Kmw AcnbpsS Øm\¯v A{Xbpw shffap]tbmKn¨v Ac Intem{Kmw apX Hcp Intem{Kmw hsc DXv]mZ\w t\Sm³ \ap¡v Ignbptam? IrjnbnShnkvXrXn shdpsXb§p hÀ[n¸n¡pI Ct¸mÄXs¶ km[yaÃm¯hn[¯n Imcy§Ä ]cp§enembncn¡pIbmWv. Irjnbv¡p tbmKyamIm³ km[yXbpÅ FÃm Øe§fpw Gsd¡psd ]qÀWambn cmPyw D]tbmKs¸Sp¯n¡gnªp.hmkvXh¯n Ct¸mgs¯ ØnXnbn \n¶v (1430e£w slÎÀ Irjn) 2050 BIpt¼mtgbv¡pw ]camh[n 1450 e£w slÎdmbn Irjn hÀ[n¸n¡mt\ km[yX Ahtijn¡p¶pÅq.

hfsctbsd Pew BhiyapsWvS¶p IcpXs¸«ncp¶ Icn¼vv, hmg, ]¨¡dn XpS§nb hnfIfpsS bYmÀY PeBhiyw \mw IcpXnbncp¶Xnepw 50þ60 iXam\w IpdhmsW¶v ImWm\mhpw. {Un]v CdntKj³ kmt¦XnIhnZybpsS klmbt¯msSbmWv CXp km[yambXv. hnfbpsS PeBhiy¯n\p Gsd¡psd XpeyAfhn a®nse CuÀ¸w \nc´cambn \ne\nÀ¯m³ CXp klmbn¨p. Cu k{¼Zmb¯n hnf AXnsâ P\nXItijn ]qÀWambn hn\ntbmKn¡pIbpw hnfhv sa¨s¸SpIbpw sN¿p¶p.

]©m_v, bp]n, cmvPØm³, B{Ô{]tZiv, almcm{ã, Xangv\mSv F¶o kwØm\§fn 4þ5 hÀjambn Pbn³ CdntKj³ C¡mcy§sf¡pdn¨v KthjWhpw s]mcp¯s¸Sp¯epw \S¯nhcnIbmWv. kÀhIemimeIfpsS ^mapIfnepw Irjn¡mcpsS ]mS§fnepsams¡ s^À«ntKjt\mSpw {Un]v CdntKjt\mSpw s\Ãn\pÅ {]XnIcWamWv Chbnsems¡ ]T\hnt[bam¡p¶Xv. Pekpc£bneqsSbpw DuÀvÖkpc£bneqsSbpw `£ykpc£ F¶ Bibhpambn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ Pbn³ CdntKj³ s\Ãnsâ PetkN\¯n\mbn ]pXpabmÀ¶ Hcp k{¼Zmbw ASp¯Ime¯v ]pd¯nd¡pIbpWvSmbn. Cu {Un]v kmt¦XnIhnZy ]c¼cmKX tNäphnX ]mS§fnepw s]mSnhnX ]mS§fnepw ]co£n¨n«pWvSv. s]mSnhnXbpw Ics\ÂIrjnbpambn Gsd kmayapWvSv.

IrjnbnS ]co£W§fnse IsWvS¯epIÄ

1.sI«n¡nS¡m\pÅ shÅw \ÂImsX a®nsâ \\hv \ne\nÀ¯pI am{Xw sNbvXt¸mÄ shÅw sI«n\nÀ¯nbpÅ Irjnbv¡p Xpeytam AXntesdtbm hnfhv e`n¨p

2.shffw sI«n\nÀ¯msXbpÅ s\ÂIrjnbnse apJy{]iv\ambn IcpXs¸Sp¶Xv IfieyamWv. hn¯n« Øe¯v Dan sImWvSv ]pXbnSp¶Xns\m¸w If ]dn¨pIfbpItbm ]cnanXamb tXmXn If\mi\n {]tbmKn¡pItbm sNbvXm Cu {]iv\w \nb{´n¡m\mhpw.

3. hnhn[ s\Ãn\§fpsS hfÀ¨ ]T\hnt[bam¡nbt¸mÄ sI«n\n¡p¶ shÅaà thWvS{X CuÀ¸¯nsâ e`yX am{XamWv s\ÃpXv]mZ\¯n\vv A\nhmcysa¶ kqN\bmWv e`n¨Xv.

hnhn[ ImÀjnIkÀhIemimeIfpw A´mcm{ãKthjW Øm]\§fpambn tNÀ¶v kwtbmPnX KthjW¯neqsS s\ÂIrjnbn {Un]v CdntKj\pÅ Øm\w sXfnbn¡m\pÅ ]cn{ia¯nemWv R§Ä. AtXmsSm¸w ]ptcmKt\Ñp¡fmb Irjn¡mÀ¡v {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯mhp¶ hn[¯n Cu kmt¦XnIhnZy Ct¸mÄ e`yam¡nbn«papWvSv.

IrjnbnS ]co£W§Ä

cWvSmw L«sa¶ \nebn s\ÂIrjnbnse {Un]v CdntKj³ kmt¦XnIhnZybpsS IrjnbnS]co£W§Ä 2009þ2011 ImeL«¯n hnhn[ kwØm\§fnse IÀjIcpsS s\Â]mS§fn \S¯pIbpWvSmbn. I¼\n t\cn«v {Un]v CdntKj³ kwhn[m\w Øm]n¡pIbpw Irjn¡mÀ Ah {]hÀ¯n¸n¨p Irjn \S¯pIbpamWpWvSmbXv. CXnsâ {]hÀ¯\¯n\pw AäIpä¸Wn¡pw Bhiyamb ]cnioe\w I¼\n Irjn¡mÀ¡v ap³Iq«n \ÂIpIbpw sNbvXp.

Cu {]ZÀiIrjnbnS§fnseÃmw ]c¼cmKXcoXnbn Irjn¡mÀ¡p In«nbncp¶Xnt\¡mÄ DbÀ¶ hnfhmWv {Un]v kwhn[m\taÀs¸Sp¯nbt¸mÄ In«nbsX¶p ImWmw. {Un]v kwhn[m\¯n\p thWvSn apS¡nb ]Ww s]mXpth cWvSp kokWpIÄ¡Iw( Hcp hÀjw) Xncn¨pIn«p¶Xmbn sXfnbp¶p. ]co£W¯n R§tfmSp klIcn¨ IÀjIcn ]eÀ¡pw kz´ambn {Un]v kwhn[m\w DWvSmbncp¶Xn\m sNdnb ]cnjvImc§tfmsS Ah s\ÂIrjnbn D]tbmKn¡m³ km[n¨p. {Un]v PetkN\kwhn[m\w kz´am¡p¶Xn\v A\ptbmPyamb klmb§Ä bYmkabw e`yam¡nbm hcpwhÀj§fn s\ÃpXv]mZ\w hfsctbsd hÀ[n¸n¡msa¶ Imcy¯n Pbn³ CdntKj\p BßhnizmkapWvSv.

]cnØnXn {]iv\§Ä

1. h³tXmXn {Un]v kmt¦XnIhnZy D]tbmKn¡p¶Xphgn Pekwc£W¯n\¸pdw aäp Nne t\«§Ä IqSn km[yam¡mw.Htc¡À s\ÂIrjn ]c¼cmKX PetkN\coXnbn \n¶p {Un]v kwhn[m¯ntebv¡p amäp¶Xphgn asämcp 2.9 G¡dnse s\ÂIrjnbvt¡m 3.2 G¡dnse ]¨¡dnIrjnbvt¡m Bhiyamb Pew e`yamIp¶p.

2. ]c¼cmKX s\ev]mS§fnse aossX³ hnkÀÖ\w {][m\ ]cnØnXn {]iv\ambn amdnbn«pWvSv. s\ev]mS§fn aossY³ IqSpXembpWvSmhm\pÅ Hcp {][m\ ImcWw sI«n\nÀ¯p¶ shůnse hmbpclnXamb kmlNcy§fn \S¡p¶ ssPhhnLS\amWv. F¶m {Un]v kwhn[m\w t]mse shÅw sI«n\n¡m¯ kmlNcy§fn aossY³ DXv]mZ\w Xosc Ipdhmbncn¡pw. {Un]v kwhn[m\w aqew aossY³ DXv]mZ\¯nepWvSmIp¶ Ipdhns\¡pdn¨v R§Ä KthjWw \S¯nhcnIbmWv.

3.{Un]v kwhn[m\ap]tbmKn¨v sNdnb tXmXn IqSpX XhWIfmbn cmkhf§Ä s\Ãn\p \ÂIp¶Xphgn ]mSt¯mSp tNÀ¶pÅ Pemib§fpsS ss\t{Säv aen\oIcWw Ipdbv¡m\mhpw. F¶m CtX¡pdn¨pw IqSpX imkv{Xob ]T\§Ä \St¡WvSnbncn¡p¶p.

IqSpX hnhc§Ä¡v : CsabnÂ: dr.soman@jains.com

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