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]qt´m¸nse sXm§Â¸q¡Ä
koa kptcjv

Akn. UbdIvSÀ. IrjnhIp¸v , Xncph\´]pcw


th\¨qSnsâ AkzØXIÄ¡nSbnepw \ndsb ]q ]nSn¡p¶ kz`mhw "tP¡_n\nb' F¶ sXm§Â¸q¡sf DjvWtaJem {]tZi§Ä¡v IqSpX {]nbs¸«Xm¡p¶p. DjvWtaJemImemhØ \ne\n¡p¶ CS§fnseÃmw C¶v tP¡_n\nb DZym\§fn F¯p¶Xpw CXpsImWvSmWv. tIcf¯nepw CXv ]ebnS§fnepw DZym\§Ä¡v N´w ]Icp¶p; CXnsâ ssXIÄ kpe`ambn e`n¡pIIbpw sN¿p¶p.

]q¡fmWv A{X BIÀjIaÃm¯ Cu ]qs¨SnbpsS apX¡q«v F¶p ]dbmw. shÅ, ]n¦v, Nph¸v, Hmd©v, ]À¸nÄ, aª F¶n§s\ hnhn[ \nd§fn Ipg t]mse \oWvS ]q¡Ä hnScp¶p. ]q¯WvSnsâ a[y`mK¯p\n¶v ]pdt¯¡p Xpd¡p¶ {Ia¯nemWv ]q¡Ä {IaoIcn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. ]qhnsâ hmbvh¯n\pw hÃm¯ an\pan\p¸pw Xnf¡hpamWv. "PÌojy ImÀWnb' F¶v CXn\v kky\maw. F¦nepw ]n¦v tP¡_n\nb, {_koenb³ ¹qw, InMvkv {Iu¬, ¹qw ^vfhÀ, ]n¦v SMvkv, ImÀUn\Âkv KmÀUv Fs¶ms¡ ]dªmte DZym\t{]anIÄ CXns\ thKw Xncn¨dnbpIbpÅq. kky\ma§tf¡mÄ hnfnt¸cpIfmWtÃm DZym\]meIÀ¡v F¶pw Gsd ]cnNnXw. "PÌojy' F¶ P\pkn s]Sp¶ Cu DZym\kkyw ]Xns\«mw \qämWvSn Pohn¨ncp¶ kvtIm«njv DZym\]meI\mb sPbnwkv PÌnkv F¶ hyànbpsS t]cnt\mSp tNÀ¯v t]cv NmÀ¯n¡n«nb hn`mK¯nÂs¸Sp¶p. Cu P\pkn GXmWvSv ap¶qtdmfw sNSnIfpWvSv.

DjvWtaJem {]tZi§fn Xs¶ Aev]w XWen hfcm\njvSs¸Sp¶ sNSnbmWnXv. {_koÂ, sXt¡ Atacn¡ F¶nhnS§fn P·wsImWvSp. DZym\¯nsâ CcpWvS tImWpIÄ¡v ]q¸p©ncnbpsS Xnf¡hpw shfn¨hpw ]Icm³ AhnsS tP¡_n\nb hfÀ¯p¶ ]XnhpWvSv. sNSnbpsS ]pjv]`wKn CeIÄ¡nÃ; CeIÄ ISpw]¨bmWv; A{Kw ]c¶tXm IqÀ¯tXm BImw. ]cp]cp¯ {]XeamWnhbv¡v. sXÃv Dbcw Ipdª C\§Ä cWvSSn hsc DbÀ¶p hfcpt¼mÄ aäp NneXv 7 ASnhsc Dbc¯n 6 ASn hoXnbn ]SÀ¶p hfcm³ CjvSs¸Sp¶p. th\embm sNSn tZlw adbpthmfw ]q NqSpI ]Xnhv. \nch[n k¦cbn\§fpw C¶v Cu C\w sNSnbnepWvSv. Chbn GXmWvSv A³]tXmfw C\§Ä DjvWtaJem {]tZi§fn Xs¶ hfcp¶pWvSv. tP¡_n\nbbpsS ]q¡fn kÀhkm[mcWamb \ndw ]n¦v AYhm ^vsfjv IfÀ BWv. kky\ma¯nse ImÀWnb Cu \nd¯nsâ kqNIhpamWv.

hf¸äpÅ, \oÀhmÀ¨bpÅ a®n Cu ]qs¨Sn \¶mbn hfcpw. t\cs¯ kqNn¸n¨Xpt]mse hÀjw apgph\pw `mKnIambn XW In«p¶ {]tZiamWv CXn\p ]Yyw. N«nbn HXp¡n hfÀ¯nbm Krlm´À`mK§fnepw hbv¡mw; AXpw Hcp P\mebv¡Sp¯mbm Gsd \¶v. CuÀ¸mwiapÅ hmbp CXn\v kpKaambn In«Ww F¶p \nÀ_ÔapWvSv. AXpt]mse Xs¶ CuÀ¸w sXÃpanÃm¯ hcWvS hmbpam{XapÅ Øe¯p hfÀ¯nbm thKw Xncn¨dnbmw, ImcWw sNSnbpsS CeIÄ hfªp]pfbm³ XpS§pw, H¸w sNSn \ndsb apªbpw sNÅpIfpw F¯pIbpw sN¿pw. AXn\m tP¡_n\nb hfÀ¯m³ apXncp¶hÀ AXn\v CuÀ¸mwiapÅ hmbp (high humid air) e`n¡p¶p F¶pd¸m¡phm³ ad¡cpXv.

sNSn \Soensâ Imcyw t\m¡mw. XSw Hcp¡pt¼mÄ Xs¶ [mcmfw NmWIs¸mSn, It¼mÌv F¶nh ASnhfambn tNÀ¯v ]cphs¸Spt¯WvSXpWvSv. a®nsâ KpWw sa¨s¸Sp¯m\mWnXv. XWvSp apdn¨p \«v tP¡_n\nb hfÀ¯mw. XWvSv 8þ12 C©p \of¯n apdn¨v apIfnes¯ cWvSne HgnsI _m¡n CeIsfÃmw \o¡n NphSäw GsX¦nepw thcpXv]mZIam[ya¯n ap¡nsbSp¯n«v \SpI. t]m«nMv an{inX¯n 1þ2 C©p Xmgv¯n \Smw. am[ya¯n\v \\hpWvSmbncn¡Ww. C¶nt¸mÄ tP¡_n\nbbpsS ssXIÄ Xs¶ hm§m³ In«p¶pWvSv. BgvNbn Ht¶m ctWvSm XhW \\bv¡pI. ]pXpapf s]m«n¯pS§pt¼mÄ hfw tNÀ¡mw. CXn\v FÃps]mSn, Ces¸mSn, a®nc¡t¼mÌv, NmWIs¸mSn F¶nh D]tbmKn¡mw. cmkhf{]tbmK¯n Xmev]cyapsWvS¦n cmkhfan{inXw (fertliser mixture) e`yXb\pkcn¨v hm§n Hcp Sokv]q¬ Hcp enäÀ shůn Ie¡n XS¯n Hgn¨psImSp¡pI. sNSn¨ph«n \n¶v 3þ4 C©p amdn thWw hfw tNÀ¡m³. sNSnbntem XWvSntem cmkhfw hoWm AXv s]mÅ DWvSm¡pw. Ft¶mÀ¯ncn¡pI.

tP¡_n\nb hfÀ¯p¶hÀ {i²n¡m\pÅ asämcp kwKXn bYmkabw AXv inJcw \pÅn hfÀ¯pIsb¶XmWv. CXn\v "sIm¼ptImXÂ' AYhm "{]qWnMv' F¶p ]dbp¶p. hfÀ¨ \nb{´n¨p \nÀ¯pI F¶Xp am{Xaà CXnsâ e£yw. ]q¡Ä DWvSmIp¶Xv ]pXpapfIfnembXn\m inJcw \Ån hfÀ¯pt¼mÄ DWvSmIp¶ ]pXnb hfÀ¨Ifn ]p¯³ apIpf§Ä hfcpIbpw ]q¡fmbn amdpIbpw sN¿pw. {]tXyIn¨v Hcn¡Â ]pjv]n¨pIgnª inJc§Ä \nÀ_Ôambpw apdn¨p amäWw. hfÀ¶ sNSnIÄ¡v \nc´cw \\bv¡msX \\bvIÄ¡nS¡pÅ CSthfIfn XSw DW§m³ Xs¶ A\phZn¡Ww. FÃm amkhpw ]pjv]n¡p¶ ioeamWv tP¡_n\nbbpsS asämcp {]tXyIX. inJcm{K¯n Iq«ambn apIpf§Ä cq]wsImWvSpIgnªm Ipd¨p Znhkw Ignbpt¼mÄ ]n¦v \nd¯nepÅ ]pjv]§Ä Xe\o«m³ XpS§p¶Xp ImWmw. C¯c¯nepÅ Hcp ]pjv]hrµw (Flowering head) cq]s¸«pIgnªm AXv HcmgvN¡metam AXne[nItam \mÄ XpSÀ¨bmbn \nXyhpw ]q¡Ä X¶psImWvSncn¡pw. ]q¡Ä Hmtcm¶mbnhnSÀ¶p HcmgvN Ignbpt¼mtg¡pw Hcp ]q¡qSbmbn amdp¶ A]qÀhNmcpXbmWv tP¡_n\nb ]q¡fpsS {]tXyIX. XW CjvSs¸Sp¶ Cu sNSn¡v IrXyamb tXmXn \\ In«nbm AXnsâ CeIÄ IWvSm Adnbmw, CeIÄ IqSpX I«nbmIpIbpw AXnse Rc¼pIÄ sXfnªp hcpIbpw sN¿p¶p. Ce¡cp¯nsâ Cu kqNIw sNSnbpsS BtcmKy¯nsâ IqsS ASbmfambn IcpXmw.

sNSn¨«nbn hfÀ¯nbm tP¡_n\nb Krlm´À`mK§Ä¡v \ndw ]Icm³ am{Xaà tImdntUmÀ, t]mÀ¨v, knäu«v F¶nhnS§fnepw {IaoIcn¡mw. Dbcw IqSnb C\§Ä AXnÀhc¼pIfn CSIeÀ¯n hfÀ¯m\pw ]Ým¯e kky§fmbn \ne\nÀ¯m\pw D¯aw. Iq«ambn hfÀ¯m³ (mass planting) tbmPn¨ DZym\kkyamWv tP¡_n\nb.

]n¦v \ndapÅ tP¡_n\nbbv¡v "]n¦v {_koenb³ ¹qw' F¶p t]cpÅXpt]mse shfp¯ ]q¡Ä hnSÀ¯p¶ tP¡_n\nbbv¡v "sshäv tP¡_n\nb' AYhm "sshäv {_koenb³ ¹qw' F¶p t]cpWvSv. BÂ_ (Alba) F¶mWv Cu C\¯n\p "PÌojy ImÀWnb' "tdUnbâv' F¶ C\w AXymIÀjIamWv. CXnsâ CeIÄ¡v ISpw ]¨\ndhpw ASn`mK¯v Nph¶ \ndhpw BWv. ]q¡Ä hepXmWv, ImgvNbv¡v IqSpX `wKnbpÅhbmWv, ISp¯ ]n¦v \ndapÅhbmWv. CXv HXp§nhfcp¶ kz`mhapÅXpw ]camh[n 1.2 aoäÀ hsc Dbc¯n hfcp¶XpamWv.

IoS§Ä¡v sIWnhbv¡mw...
ImÀjnIhnfIfnse IoStcmK \nb{´W¯n\v cmkIoS\min\nIfpsSbpw IpanÄ \min\nIfpsSbpw A\nb{´nXamb D]tbmKw Ipd ¡mw. kwtbmPnX IoStcmK\nb{´Ww
s\Ãn hnfhp hÀ[\bv¡v Xmdmhv
Xriqcnse tImÄ ]mS§Ä kµÀin¨t¸mÄ Fs¶ Gähpw A[nIw BIÀjn¨Xv B ]mS§fnse Xmdmhp Iq«§fmWv. CXns\¡pdn¨v kwkmcn¨t¸mÄ IÀjI³ hmNme\mbn.
tÉm ^pUv IĨÀ
^mÌv ^pUv kwkvImcw P\§sf F§s\ kzm [o\n¡p¶p F¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨v Hcp apJhpcbpsS BhiyanÃ. ]{Xam[ya§fneqsS Ht«sd hmÀ¯IÄ \mw Adnbp¶p.
Im³kdns\ t\cnSm³ C\n apÅm¯bpw
]WvSv \m«n³]pd§fn hym]Iambn IWvSncp¶Xpw C¶v A]qÀhambn ImWp¶Xpamb Hcp ^ehr£amWv apÅm¯. ChbpsS ]g§Ä¡pw CeIÄ¡pw Im³kdns\ \nb{´n¡m³
\mSmWp kzÀKw IrjnbmWp temIw
tPmen At\zjn¨v hntZit¯¡v ]d¡p¶ aebmfn¡v A]hmZamWv kn³knbpw `À¯mhv _n\phpw. hntZi¯v kÀ¡mÀ taJebn \gvkv Bbn tPmen t\m¡nbncp¶ kn³knbpsS
hymhkmbnImSnØm\¯n Idnth¸ne ssPhIrjn
Xangv\mSvþtIcf AXnÀ ¯nbnepÅ Ffsh«m³ tImhnen \Sp¯v 20 G¡À hmgIrjn \S¯p¶ Fsâ klbm{XnI\mb Xncpsh¡nSwþHcn¡Â kwkmcat[y hymhkmbnImSnØm\¯nÂ..
kan{i Irjn kwtbmPnXam¡n A\nb¸³
hnhn[ Xcw IrjnIÄ H¶n¨psN¿p¶ kan{iIrjn, ]ckv]cw _Ôn¸n¸n¨v kwtbmPnXam¡n t\«w sIm¿pIbmWv A\nb¸³ F¶ NmÀt«Uv A¡uWvSâv .
20 hÀjwsImWvSv 60 C©v, Snjyq IĨÀ tX¡pambn aqte¨menÂ
Ccp]Xp hÀjw sImWvSv 60 C©v hen¸w e`n¡p¶ SnjyqIĨÀ tX¡v hn]Wnbn XmcamIp¶p. \nehnse hn]Wnhneb\pkcn¨v Hcp ac¯n\v cWvSp e£w cp]hsc e`n¡pw.
tX§mshůn \n¶p hn¶mKncn
hym]Iamb tXmXn D]tbmKn¡p¶ Hcp `£y]ZmÀYamWv hn\mKncn AYhm sNmdp¡. ]mIsa¯nb tX§bnse shÅw D]tbmKn¨pw hn\mKncn Xbmdm¡mw.
Henthdn apf¡rjnþ a\m^nsâ ]co£Ww hnPbw
apfbpsS km[yXIÄ a\knem¡n hymhkmbnImSnØm\¯n apf¡rjn XpS§nb a\m^nsâ ]co£Ww hnPbw. tIcf¯net§mfant§mfw C¶v apf BhiyapÅhÀ B Zyw UbÂ
Idp¯ s]m¶ns\ tXm¸n¨ Im´mcn
Ipª³ Im´mcn¡v Idp¯ s]m¶nt\¡mÄ hne Ibdnsb¶ hmÀ¯bdnªv kao]Ime¯v ]ecpw aq¡¯p hncÂh¨p. adbqcn BZnhmknIÄ hnfshSp¯ ssPh Im´mcn
Atacn¡bnse Ah¡mtUm hnfªp
Atacn¡bn \ns¶¯n¨ Ah¡mtUm N§\mticnbnse ho«papä¯v hnfªXp 100 ta\n. N§\mticn am½qSv Ipcy¨³]Snbnse Imc¡mSv HmÀ¨mUvknsâ DSabmb tPmk^v
BSv F¶m BZmbw
Npcp§nb Øee`yXbpÅ tIcf¯nsâ kmlNcy§Ä¡v A\ptbmPyamb arKkwc£W {]hÀ¯\amWv BSp hfÀ¯Â. s]s«¶v s]äp s]cpIp¶Xn\pÅ Ignhpw, sNehp Ipdª ]cn]me\ coXnIfpw Chsb BIÀjIam¡p¶p....
]m«¡rjn t{]mÕmln¸n¡m³ tI{µ¯nsâ amXrIm \nbaw
ImÀjntImXv]mZ\wþhÀ[n¸n¡pI F¶ e£yt¯msS `qan ]m«¯n\v \ÂIp¶Xv hyhØm]nXam¡m\pÅ amXrIm`qan ]m«¯n\p \ÂI \nba¯n\v tI{µKh¬saâv cq]w \ÂIn.
Dcphns\ {i²n¨m DXv]mZ\w Iq«mw
]m \½psS ssZ\wZn\ PohnX¯nse HchiyhkvXphmWv. AXpt]mse Xs¶ ]iphpw. Gähpw imkv {Xobhpw {i²tbmSpw ]iphns\ sXcsªSp¡pI F¶Xp ]ip]cn]me\¯nÂ
]«mf¨n«bn N¡bpsS cq]w amdp¶p
N¡bpsS aWhpw cpNn bpw hntZinbsc BIÀjn¨XpsImWvSmImw N¡bpsS aqeyhÀ[nX DXv]¶ \nÀamWw hb\mSv, ]me¡mSv, CSp¡n taJeIfn kPohamIp¶Xv.
IÀjIÀ¡p {]Xo£bmbn ap´ncn PmXnbpw Fkvþ600 sImt¡mbpw
ImÀjnItaJebn hyXykvXXbpw ]pXpabpw tXSp¶ IÀjIÀ¡v BâWnbpsS ap´ncn PmXnbpw Fkvþ600 sImt¡mbpw BthiamIp¶p. CSp¡n PnÃbn apcn¡mticn¡pkao]w
Bbncw tImgn¡v Ac¡mS
Bbncw tImgn¡v Ac¡mS F¶mWpsNmÃv. B ]gs©mÃns\ A\zÀYam¡pwhn[w Gähpw thK¯n hcpam\w t\Sn¯cp¶ Hcp sXmgn kwcw`amWv ImShfÀ¯Â.
]¶nhfÀ¯mw Ipdª sNehnÂ
{ZpXKXnbnepÅ hfÀ¨, ]ehn[ Blmcw Ign¡m\pÅ Ignhv, DbÀ¶ Xoä ]cnhÀ¯\ tijn, DbÀ¶ {]XypXv]mZ\ \nc¡v, hn]Wnbn ]¶n amwk¯n\pw ]¶n¡p«nIÄ¡papÅ....
s\Ãn\v {]Ya ]cnKW\; \mWyhnfIÄ¡p ]mt¡Pv
tIcf¯nse s\ÂhbepIÄ cq]amäw hcp¯m ³ Hcp ImcWhimepw A\phZn¡nsöv Irjna{´n AUz. hn.Fkv kp\nÂIpamÀ. s\ÂhbÂ, \oÀ¯S \nbaw iàambn \S¸m¡pw.
kky§Ä \«phfÀ¯q; sImXpIns\ Xpc¯mw
kky§Ä hfÀ¯n sImXpIns\ Xpc¯p¶sX§ns\sb¶p kwibw tXm¶ntb¡mw. ]WvSv kvIqfn ]Tn¡pt¼mÄ s\¸´kv F¶pw B hn`mK¯nÂs¸Sp¶ kky§sf¡pdn¨pw
{XnhÀWs¨Sn; I®©pw CeIÄ
DjvWtaJebn hfcp¶ sNSnIfpsS Iq«¯nse cXv\w F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ DZym\ kkyamWv "kvs{Smams´ km¦zns\' F¶ BIÀjIamb Ces©Sn, {]tXyIn¨v ss{SIfÀ AYhm {StbmÌmÀ
Cd¨n Im³kÀ {]Xntcm[w (Nne [mcWIfpw hkvXpXIfpw)
an¡hmdpw FÃm kkvX\PohnIfpsSbpw Xmdmhnsâbpw Cd¨n sdUv aoäv C\¯nÂs¸Sp¶p. ]¨bv¡pw ]mNI¯n\ptijhpw Nph¶ \nd¯n ImWp¶ Cd¨nbmWv sdUvaoäv. 100 {Kmw sdUv eo³ Cd¨nbn a\p...
]¨¡dnss¯Ifnse {Km^vänwKv
_mÎocnb hm«s¯ {]Xntcm[n¡p¶ ]¨¡dnss¯IfpWvSm¡m³ D¯aamb amÀKamWv {Km^vänwKvv. dq«v tÌm¡mbn {]Xntcm[tijnbpÅ C\w IsWvS¯n AXn AXypXv]mZ\ tijnbpÅ ssXtNÀ¡p¶ coXnbmWnX...
ag¡me ]¨¡dn hnfIÄ: tcmKIoS \nb{´Ww
ag¡me¯v \ap¡v Ffp¸¯n IrjnsN¿m hp¶ shWvS, apfIv, hgpXn\ F¶nhbpsS IrjncoXnIÄ \mw a\knem¡n Ignªp. F¶m Chsb B{Ian¡p¶ tcmK IoS§fmWv C\nbpÅ {][m\ shÃphnfn. Ch t\cnS...
DZym\tim` sISp¯p¶hÀ
]q¡sfbpw sNSnIsfbpw kvt\ln¡pIbpw ]cnNcn¡m\njvSs¸SpIbpw sN¿p¶hÀ¡v A\ptbmPyamb ÌmÀ«¸v kwcw`amWv \gvkdn. Gähpw kuµcyt_m[ (aesthetic)
DXv]mZn¸n¡mw, KpWta³abpÅ ]¨¡dnss¯IÄ
tIcf¯n\mhiyw Hcp hÀjw 20 e£w S¬ ]¨¡dnbmWvv. F¶m ChnsS DXv]mZn¸n¡p¶Xv 8.50 e£w S¬ am{Xhpw. CXn \n¶p Xs¶ tIcf¯n\mhiyapÅXv DXv]mZn¸n¡p¶Xn F{Xam{Xw ]n¶nemWv \msa...
sa¨s¸« ssXIÄ DXv]mZn¸n¡mw Hcp¡mw, kky\gvkdn
\gvkdn cwKs¯ km[yXIÄ A\´amWv. hnjanÃm¯ ]¨¡dn `£n¡m³ P\w ho«phf¸n Irjn DuÀPnXam¡n. t{Km_mKv Irjnbpw t]mfnlukpIfpw IrXyX Irjnbpsams¡ ssX DXv]mZ\¯n h³ km[yXIfmW...
ssPhIrjn kwtbmPnXam¡n inhÚm\w
Irjnbpw ImÀjnIhr¯nbpw A\yambns¡mWvSncn¡p¶ Cu ImeL«¯n IrjnhnPbw hfsc {][m\aÀln¡p¶ H¶mWv. HcmÄ hnPbn¨ hgnbneqsS IS¶pt]mIphm\mWv ImÀjnI taJebnse A[nIw t]cpw {ian¡...
{]IrXn¡p IcpXÂ; `£Ww kpc£nXw
{]IrXn¡p IcpXÂ, `£ Ww kpc£nXw'' CXp ]dbp¶Xv tIm«bw Nmaw]Xm hSt¡S¯v tPmkv C½m\phÂ. shdpsX ]dbp¶XÃ. ]dªpXpS§nbn«v hÀjw Ccp]Xp Ignªp. ]d¨nensâ KpWw {]hr¯nbnepapWv...
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