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B[p\nIXbn _m¦nwKv k¦Â]w amdp¶p
H.cmPoh³

Imew amdp¶X\pkcn¨v _m¦nwKv k¦Â]hpw amdpIbmWv. hnhc kmt¦XnI hn¹hw sNep¯nb kzm[o\w _m¦nwKv cwK¯v kaqeamb amä§fmWv DWvSm¡nbncn¡p¶Xv. _m¦ns\ tXSn t]mIp¶ D]t`màmhv F¶ k¦Â¸w ]qÀWambpw amdpIbpw D]t`màmhns\ tXSn _m¦v t]mIp¶psh¶ ]pXnb coXn BhnÀ`hn¡pIbpw sNbvXtXmsS Cu cwK¯v hensbmcp amäamWv DWvSmbn«pÅXv.

D]t`màmhv _m¦ns\ AdnbWsa¶ ASnØm\ k¦Â]ambncp¶p ]WvSpWvSmbncp¶Xv. F¶m C¶v B[p\nI _m¦nwKv cwK¯v Cu k¦Â]w ]qÀWambpw XnckvIcn¡s¸«pIgnªp. _m¦pw D]t`màmhpw X½nepÅ A´cw CÃmXmhpIbpw D]t`màmhv FhnsS t]mIp¶pthm AhnsSsbÃmw _m¦ns\ sImWvSpt]mImsa¶ ØnXnbpw cq]wsImWvSp.

tImÀ _m¦nwKv apX CâÀs\äv _m¦nwKv, samss_ _m¦nwKv, knBÀSnC (IÌaÀ Hm¬sse³ dnb ssSw Cet{ÎmWnIvkv),BÀSnPnC(dnb ssSw t{Kmkv skänÂsaâv), \mjW Cet{ÎmWnIvkv ^WvSv {Sm³kv^À(F³CF^vSn) XpS§nb AXym[p\nI _m¦nwKv kwhn[m\¯nte¡mWv _m¦pIfpsS sI«pw a«pw amdnbncn¡p¶Xv. bYmÀY¯n _m¦nsâ {]hÀ¯\w DS¨phmÀ¡s¸«p F¶XmWv icn. C¯c¯nepÅ amät¯msS _m¦v bYmÀY¯n IkväadpsS ASp¯mbn Ignªp. C\nbpw amä§Ä DWvSmbns¡mWvSncn¡pIbmWv. AXv GXp coXnbnembncn¡psa¶v ]dbm³ Ignbm¯hn[¯nemsW¶pw _m¦nwKv taJebnse hnZKv[À ]dbp¶p. _m¦pIfpsS {_m©v k¦Â]w amdn. _ms¦¶ sam¯¯nepÅ k¦Â]¯nte¡v amäs¸«p F¶XmWv B[p\nI _m¦nwKv taJebpsS Gähpw henb {]tXyIX.

1990 IfnemWv _m¦nwKv cwK¯v ImXemb amä§Ä¡v XpS¡w Ipdn¡p¶Xv. ]n¶oSv 2002 se skIyqcnssätkj³, doþI¬kv{S£³ Hm^v ^n\m³jy Akävkv Bâv F³t^mgvkvsaâv Hm^v skIyqcnän CâdÌvkv(FkvFBÀF^vFCFkv) BÎv \nehn h¶tXmsS _m¦nwKv taJebn henb amä§Ä¡mWv XpS¡w Ipdn¨Xv. cmPys¯ ^n\m³jy skÎdn {]tXyIn¨pw _m¦nwKv taJebn sFSn hn¹hw sNep¯nb kzm[o\amWv ImXemb amä§Ä¡v XpS¡w Ipdn¡p¶Xn\v ASn¯dsbmcp¡nbsX¶p \nkwibw ]dbmw.

2002 apX¡pÅ Cu B[p\nIhXvIcWw L«wL«ambn«mWv DWvSmbsX¦nepw Cu KXnamä¯n\v Ct¸mÄ thKw IqSns¡mWvSncn¡pIbmWv. GXv _m¦n A¡uWvSv XpS§nbmepw {_m©v k¦Â¸w amdpIbpw A¡uWvSv XpS§p¶ _m¦nsâ IkväaÀ F¶ \nebnte¡v D]t`màmhv amdpIbpw sN¿p¶ ]pXnb coXn \nehn h¶p. sN¡v, ]Ww ]n³hen¡p¶Xn\pÅ hnXvt{Umh t^mdw F¶nhbpsS Imcy¯nepw henbtXmXnepÅ amä§fmWv IS¶phcp¶Xv. CâÀs\äv _m¦nwKv k{¼Zmbw XpS§nbtXmsS Xsâ A¡uWvSn \n¶v Hcp IkväaÀ¡v ho«nencp¶v _m¦nS]mSv \S¯m\mIpsa¶XmWv {]tXyIX. UnUn DĸsSbpÅhbv¡pw CâÀs\äv _m¦nwKv \S¯m\mIpsa¶Xpw CXnsâ Gähpw henb kuIcyamWv. CâÀs\äv _m¦nwKnsâ asämcp cq]amWv samss_ _m¦nwKv F¶Xv. CâÀs\äv _m¦nwKns\m¸w samss_ _m¦nwKpw Ct¸mÄ iàn{]m]n¨psImWvSncn¡pIbmWv.

dnb ssSw t{Kmkv skänÂsaâv(BÀSnPnC) F¶ ]pXnb k¦Â]w hgn Hcp D]t`màmhn\v Hcp _m¦v A¡uWvSn \n¶v asämcp _m¦v A¡uWvSv DÅ Bfpambn Ffp¸¯n CS]mSv \S¯m³ Ignbpw. cWvSv e£¯n\p apIfnepÅ ]WanS]mSv \S¯m³ Ignbp¶psh¶XpsImWvSv _nkn\kv Xe§fnseÃmw Cu knÌt¯mSv henb tXmXnepÅ BIÀjWobX ssIhcp¶pWvSv. CXphgn cWvSp _m¦pIÄ X½nepÅ ]WanS]mSpIÄ¡v a[yØX hln¡p¶Xv dnkÀhv _m¦mbncn¡pw.

F¶m cWvSp e£¯n XmsgbpÅ _m¦nwKv CS]mSpIÄ¡mWv F³CF^vSn Ct¸mÄ kÀhkm[mcWambn D]tbmKn¡p¶Xv. CtXt]mseXs¶ GXv tkh\¯n\pw _m¦nwKv cwK¯nsâ CSs]S iàamhpIbmWv. sdbnÂth Sn¡äv, _nFkvF³F _n s]bvsaâv XpS§nbhbv¡pw C¶v _m¦nwKv cwK¯nsâ kzm[o\XbpWvSv. Npcp¡n¸dªm t]¸Àsekv aWn F¶ \nebnte¡mWv _m¦v cwKw amdns¡mWvSncn¡p¶Xv.

Gähpw ]pXnb k{¼Zmbw hgn sN¡v thWvSXnà F¶ AhØbpw h¶pIgnªp. CXn\p]Icw Cet{ÎmWnIv tamUv sN¡v {Sm³kmIvj³ F¶ k{¼Zmb¯nte¡mWv amdn¡gnªXv. CXv Cu hcp¶ Unkw_À 31 apX {]m_ey¯n hcpsa¶mWv Adnbp¶Xv. Cu coXnsb sN¡v {St¦äUv knÌw F¶ coXnbnemWv Adnbs¸SpI. _m¦pIÄ¡v CXv Gähpw henb kuIcyambn«mWv IW¡m¡p¶Xv. Hcp kwØm\¯pw _m¦pIÄ¡v sN¡v ¢nbÀ sN¿p¶Xn\mbn ¢nbd³kv tlmw thWvSXnÃ. adn¨v sNss¶ BØm\am¡n {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ ¢nbd³kv tlmw XpS§pIbpw CXn\p Iogn tIcfw, IÀWmSIw, Xangv\mSv, B{Ôm{]tZiv F¶o \mev kwØm\§sf DÄs¸Sp¯m\pamWv Xocpam\w. D]t`màmhns\ Gähpw thK¯n klmbn¡m\pXIp¶hn[¯n _m¦nwKv k{¼Zmbw amdpIsb¶XmWv CXpsImWvSv Dt±in¡p¶Xv.

C´ybn dnkÀhp _m¦nsâ Cu hÀjs¯ IW¡p {]Imcw 26 sjUyqÄUv _m¦pWvSv. ss{]häv skÎdn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ _m¦pIfpw skmsskänIfpambn ]Xn\©v F®hpw ]pXpXeapd _m¦pIÄ Gsg®hpapWvSv. C´ybn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ hntZi _m¦pIÄ 33 F®hpamWv.

AtXkabw B[p\nIhXvIcWw sXmgn taJebn Bsf Ipdbv¡p¶Xnte¡v F¯p¶psh¶Xpw {it²bamWv. cmPys¯ sjUyqÄUv _m¦pIfn \S¶ps¡mWvSncn¡p¶ B[p\nIhXvIcWw iàns¸Sp¶ kmlNcy¯n Poh\¡mcpsS F®¯nepw kmcamb IpdhmWv DWvSmbns¡mWvSncn¡p¶Xv. _m¦pIÄ ssIImcyw sN¿p¶ ]W¯n\v tbmPn¨ coXnbn Poh\¡mcnÃm¯ kmlNcyamWv C¶v \nehnepÅXv. B[p\nIhXvIcWw Poh\¡mcpsS F®¯n kmcamb Ipdhp hcp¯pt¼mÄ ssIImcyw sN¿p¶ CS]mSpIÄ Hmtcm _m¦n\pw aps¼§panÃm¯hn[¯n hÀ[n¨phcnIbmWv.

2007 amÀ¨v 31 se IW¡p{]Imcw C´ybnse _m¦pIÄ(sFUn_nsF HgnsI) ssIImcyw sNbvX ]Ww 33,22,000 tImSn cq]bmbncp¶p. Cu hÀjw AXv 84,87,000 tImSn cq]bmbn hÀ[n¨p. 2007 se sam¯w \nt£]w 19,35,000 tImSn cq]bmbncp¶p. CXv Cu hÀjw 47,90,000 tImSnbmbn hÀ[n¨p. AtXkabw Poh\¡mcpsS F®amIs« 2007 amÀ¨v 31 \v 4,69,985 t]cmbncp¶p. CXv Cu hÀjw amÀ¨v 31 se IW¡p{]Imcw 4,51, 634 t]cmbn Ipdªp. _m¦pIfpsS {_m©pIfmIs« 2007  49,573  \n¶pw 2012 tes¡¯nbt¸mÄ 67,930 Bbn hÀ[n¨pIgnªp. B[p\nIhXvIcWw hgn C\nbpw Poh\¡mcpsS F®¯n IpdhpWvSmIpsa¶pXs¶bmWv _m¦nwKv hnZKv[À \ÂIp¶ kqN\.

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