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aebmfnIÄ s\ÂIrjn \nÀ¯Wsa¶v Aephmenb

tUm. tPmkv tPmk^v

{]^kÀ B³Uv slUv, hnÚm\hym]\hn`mKw, ImÀjnI tImfPv, ]S¶¡mSv

FtaÀPnwKv tIcf kwKa¯n ]s¦Sp¯ tI{µ Bkq{XW I½oj³ D]m[y£³ tUm. samtWvSIv knwKv Aephmenb tIcf¯nse Irjnsb¡pdn¨p \S¯nb Nne \nco£W§Ä DbÀ¯nb hnhmZ§Ä C\nbpw sI«S§nbn«nÃ. tIcfw C\nta s\ÂIrjnbn {i²nt¡WvSXnsömbncp¶p FÃm aebmfnItfmSpambn tUm. Aephmenb \S¯nb Blzm\w.

tIcf¯nse s\ÂhbepIÄ IqSpX em`Icamb \mWyhnfIrjn¡pw aqeyhÀ[nX hyhkmb§Ä¡pambn ]cnhÀ¯\w sN¿Ww. IqenIpdhpÅ Ingt¡C´y³ kwØm\§fpw aäp kwØm\§fpamWv s\ÂIrjnbn {i²nt¡WvSXv. tIcf¯nse AcnbpsS Ipdhv Acn Dev]mZ\w IqSpXepÅ kwØm\§fn \n¶v Cd¡paXn sNbvXp ]cnlcn¡Ww. `£ykpc£bpw `£ykzbw]cym]vXXbpw e£yam¡nbpÅ {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡pthWvSn ]Ww hn\ntbmKn¡p¶Xn\p ]Icw hyhkmb hnIk\w kwØm\w e£yanSWw. tIcf¯nse s\ÂIrjn C¶s¯ \nebn em`Icam¡Wsa¦n h³tXmXn k_vknUn \ÂIpItbm IÀjIs¯mgnemfnIÄ DbÀ¶ Iqen Dt]£n¡m³ X¿mdmhpItbm sNt¿WvSnhcpsa¶pw FtaÀPnwKv tIcfbpsS thZnbn tUm. Aephmenb ]dªp.

C´ybnse km¼¯nI ]cnjvImc§Ä¡p t\XrXzw \ÂIn s¡mWvSncn¡p¶ aäp km¼¯nI imkv{XÚ·msct¸mse tUm. Aephmenbbpw DZmchXvIcW¯nsâbpw BtKmfhXvIcW¯nsâbpw iàcmb hàm¡fn HcmfmWv. 19þmw \qämWvSnse km¼¯nI imkv{XÚ\mb tUhnUvdn¡mtUmbmWv ChcpsS hgnIm«n. Iqens¨ehv Ipdhpw kmt¦XnI anIhpapÅ cmPy§Ä¡v Hcpev]¶¯nsâ \nÀ½mW¯n aäp cmPy§tf¡mÄ XmcXtay\ A\pIqeamb anIhpWvSmbncn¡psa¶mWv dn¡mtUmbpsS ZÀi\w. Hmtcm Dev]¶¯nsâbpw \nÀ½mW¯n XmcXtay\ A\pIqeamb kmlNcy§Ä \nehnepÅcmPy§Ä B Dev]¶¯nsâ \nÀ½mW¯n {i²tI{µoIcn¡Ww. Iqens¨ehv IqSpXepw kmt¦XnI anIhv IpdhpapÅ cmPy§Ä¡v XmcXtay\ A\pIqeamb kmlNcy§fpÅ cmPy§fn \n¶v Cd¡paXn \S¯mw. _m¡nsbÃmw It¼mfiànIÄ Xocpam\n¨psImÅpw. FtaÀPnwKv tIcfbpsS thZnbn \n¶v tUm. Aephmenb hnfn¨p]dªXpw Cu XXzimkv{Xw Xs¶bmWv. \n§fpsS Irjn¡v anIhnsöpw Irjn, {]tXyIn¨v s\ÂIrjn \n§Ä¡p ]änb ]Wnbsöpw Aephmenb ]dbp¶p. Acnbpw ]¨¡dnbpw ]mepsams¡ \n§Ä anI¨ Irjn¡mcmb aäp kwØm\§fn \n¶v Cd¡paXn sNbvXm aXn. \n§Ä¡p ]änb ]Wn A[zm\w thWvSm¯ sshäv tImfÀ, »q tImfÀ tPmenIfmWv. AXn\v Gähpw henb XSkw s\ÂhbepIfmWv. AXn\m Ahtijn¡p¶ hbepIÄ IqSn \nI¯n hyhkmbhpw hnIk\hpw sImWvSphcWsa¶mWv kÀZmÀPn aebmfnIÄ¡p \ÂInb D]tZiw.

]{´WvSmw ]©hÕc]²XnbpsS IcSv kao]\tcJbn Cu kao]\¯nsâ asämcp cq]w tI{µ Bkq{XW I½oj³ AhXcn¸n¨ncp¶p. sNdpInSþ\maam{XIÀjIÀ¡v Irjn \¶mbn \S¯ns¡mWvSpt]mIm\mhm¯Xn\m AhÀ kz´w Irjn`qan h³InS IÀjIÀ¡v \ÂIWsa¶mbncp¶p IcSp kao]\tcJbn \nÀt±iw. Cu sNdpInS \maam{X IÀjIÀ¡v h³InS¡mcpsS hbepIfn ]WnsbSp¯v D]Poh\w Dd¸m¡mw. PnUn]n hfÀ¨bv¡v sNdpInSþ\maam{X IÀjIsc Irjnbn \n¶v B«nbIäWsa¶XmWv tI{µ Bkq{XW I½ojsâ KqVe£yw. km¼¯nI hfÀ¨ XzcnXs¸«m ]«nWnbpw t]mjII½nbpsaÃmw Xs¶ A{]Xy£amIpsa¶pw ChÀ \s½ \nc´cw HmÀ½n¸n¡p¶p. F¶m cmPyw XzcnXamb PnUn]n hfÀ¨ ssIhcn¨n«pw ]mhs¸«hcpsS PohnX¯n F´p kw`hn¡psa¶dnbWsa¦n 2012 HIvtSm_dn CâÀ \mjW ^pUv t]mfnkn dnkÀ¨v C³Ìnäyq«v {]kn²oIcn¨ t¥m_ lwKÀ C³UIvkv ]cntim[n¨m aXn. 1996 \pw 2012 \pw CSbn AXniàamb km¼¯nI hfÀ¨bpWvSmbn«pw cmPys¯ Zcn{ZcpsS \ne 1996 se AtX AhØbn Xs¶bmWv 2012 epw. cmPys¯ 43 iXam\w Ip«nIfpw `mc¡pdhv t\cnSp¶hcmWv. Ip«nIfnse t]mjI¡½n ImcWambpWvSmIp¶ BtcmKy{]iv\§Ä Ignª BdphÀjambn C´y \nco£Whnt[bam¡p¶nsöpw dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p.

FtaÀPnwKv tIcfbpsS thZnbn tUm. Aephmenb \S¯nb {]kvXmh\ `qam^nbsb klmbn¡m³ thWvSnbmsW¶v Bt£]apbÀ¶psh¦nepw Imcy§Ä kXykÔambn Xpd¶p]dªXn At±ls¯ A`n\µn¡pIbmWp thWvSXv. tIcf¯nse ]ecpsSbpw DÅnencn¸v Aephmenb Xpd¶p]dªpsh¶XmWv hyXymkw. ]sWvSmcp a{´n sX§nsâ aWvSbn hyhkmbw hcptam F¶v aebmfnItfmSp tNmZn¨ncp¶p. AtX tNmZyw hyàXtbmSpw IrXyXtbmSpw IqSn Aephmenb t\cn«p tNmZn¨psh¶p am{Xw. tIcf¯n ]ecpw clkyambn B{Kln¡p¶Xv Aephmenb ]ckyambn ]dªp. Ccp]¯n\mep aWn¡qdpw s\ÂIrjnsbbpw IÀjIscbpw BWbn«p {]kwKn¡pIbpw F¶m s\ÂhbepIÄ \nI¯p¶Xns\Xntc sNdphnc t]mepw A\¡mXncn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶hcpambn XmcXays¸Sp¯pt¼mÄ Imcy§Ä Xpd¶p]dbm³ Aephmenb ImWn¨ ss[cyw ÇmL\obamWv.

Aephmenb FtaÀPnwKv tIcfbpsS thZnbn hnhmZ {]kwKw \S¯p¶Xn\pw HcmgvNap¼mWv ]mSw \nI¯Â C¯c¯n XpSÀ¶m ssZh¯nsâ kz´w \mSmb tIcfs¯ c£n¡m³ ssZh¯n\pt]mepw km[n¡nsö kwibw tIcf sslt¡mSXn {]ISn¸n¨Xv. IÀjIsc t{]mÕmln¸n¡p¶Xn\p ]Icw s\ÂhbÂþ\oÀ¯S kwc£W \nba¯n IqSpX CfhpIÄ sImWvSph¶v ]mShpw X®oÀ¯S§fpw \nI¯m\pÅ {iaamWp \S¡p¶sX¶v sslt¡mSXn Ipäs¸Sp¯n. Irjnbpw hyhkmbhpw hnIk\¯n\v Hcpt]mse BhiyamWv. F¶m ChnsS Irjn CÃmXmhpIbmWv. hyhkmbamIs« \¶mhp¶panÃ. Bsc¦nepw IrjnsN¿p¶psWvS¦n Ahsc hnja¯nem¡n Zmcn{Zy¯nte¡pw BßlXybnte¡pw XÅnhnSm\mWv {iasa¶pw sslt¡mSXn Ipäs¸Sp¯n. hbepIÄ \nI¯n tIcfs¯ sam¯¯n tIm¬{Ioäv ImSm¡n amäp¶Xnsâ {]XymLmXw A[nImcnIÄ IWvSnsöp \Sn¡p¶p. s\ÂIrjnsb tIcf¯n \n¶v F§s\bpw \mSpIS¯Wsa¶ A[nImcnIfpsS ZpÀhminbmWv sslt¡mSXn Xpd¶pImWn¨Xv.

em`IcÃm¯ s\ÂIrjn¡p]Icw IqSpX sXmgnehkc§Ä krjvSn¡p¶ hyhkmb§fmWv Bhiysa¶ AephmenbbpsS hmZ¯n\v At±l¯ntâXmb \ymboIcW§Ä ItWvS¡mw. F¶m tIcf¯nse {]tXyI kmlNcy§fn Ahtijn¡p¶ s\ÂhbepIÄIqSn \nI¯Wsa¶ Bhiyw Hcn¡epw AwKoIcn¡m\mhnÃ. ImemhØmhyXnbm\¯nsâbpw Pe£ma¯nsâbpw {]mtZinI kwLÀj§fpsSbpw ]Ým¯e¯n cmPy¯nsâ `£ykpc£sb¶Xpt]mse {]mtZinI `£ykpc£bpw Hcpt]mse kp{][m\amWv. 2001 \pw 2011 \pw CSbnepÅ 10 hÀj§fn C´ybnse \Kc P\kwJy {KmaoW P\kwJysb¡mfpw hfÀ¨ tcJs¸Sp¯n. Iqens¨ehp IpdhpsWvS¶v Aephmenb ]dbp¶ Ingt¡C´ybnsebpw hSt¡C´y³ kwØm\§fnsebpw sXmgnemfnIÄ h³tXmXn \Kc§fnte¡pw tIcfw t]mepÅ kwØm\§fnte¡pw DbÀ¶ IqentXSn tNt¡dns¡mWvSncn¡pIbmWv. s]mXpsh ImÀjnI taJebn IÀjIs¯mgnemfnIfpsS Iqen IqSp¶ {]hWX AJnte´ym hym]Iambn FÃm kwØm\§fnepw IWvSphcp¶p. C´ybnent¸mÄ hymhkmbnI taJesb¡mÄ IqSpXemWv ImÀjnI taJebn Iqen IqSp¶Xnsâ \nc¡v. ZoÀLImemSnØm\¯n CXv \sÃmcp kqN\bÃ. B{Ôbnepw ]©m_nepsaÃmw Ignª Jmcn^v kokWn s\ÂIrjn em`IcaÃm¯Xn\m e£¡W¡n\v slIvSÀ Øew IÀjIÀ Xcnin«p. B{Ôbnepw IÀ®mSIbnepw Xangv\m«nepsaÃmw IÀjIÀ DbÀ¶ Iqens¨ehpw sXmgnemfn£mahpw ImcWw `£yhnfIÄ Dt]£n¨v ZoÀLImehnfIfnte¡v NphSpamäns¡mWvSncn¡pIbmWv. A\ykwØm\§fn Ct¸mÄ s\ÂIrjn¡psWvS¶p ]dbs¸Sp¶ XmcXtay\ A\pIqeamb kmlNcyw F¡mehpw \ne\n¡psa¶p IW¡pIq«n tIcfw s\ÂIrjn Dt]£n¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸Sp¶Xv XnIª auVyamWv. CXns\Ãmw ]pdsabmWv ImemhØm hyXnbm\w `t£ymev]mZ\¯n krjvSn¡p¶ A\nÝnXmhØ. B{Ôbnepw IÀ®mSIbnepsaÃmw ImehÀjw XmfwsXänbXpsImWvSpXs¶ hn]Wnbn AcnbpsS hne IpXn¨pbÀ¶Xv Hcp kqN\ am{XamWv. CtX kmlNcyw \ne\n¶m \mtem At©m hÀj¯n\pÅn AcnbpsS hne Intem{Kman\v \qdp cq] IS¶mepw AÛpXs¸Sm\nÃ.

tIcf¯n Gähpw IqSpX s\Ãpev]mZ\w tcJs¸Sp¯nbXv 1975þ76 embncp¶p. B hÀjw tIcf¯n DXv]mZ\w 8085 e£w slIvSdn \n¶pw 13,065 e£w S®mbncp¶p. 1980þ81  s\ÂhbepIfpsS hnkvXrXn 8.01 e£w slIvSdpw Dev]mZ\w 12.7 e£w S®pambncp¶p. 2010þ11  tIcf¯nse s\ÂhbepIfpsS hnkvXrXn 2.13 e£w slIvSdpw Dev]mZ\w 5.22 e£w S®pambn CSnªp. s\ÂIrjnsbs¨mÃnbpÅ FÃm tImemle§fpw \S¡p¶Xn\nSbn ap¸Xp hÀjwsImWvSv tIcf¯n \nI¯s¸«Xv GItZiw 15 e£w G¡À s\ÂhbepIfmWv. tIcf¯n\v Hcp hÀjw 50 e£w St®mfw Acn thWvSnhcpw. ChnsS hnfbp¶XmIs« Bhiy¯nsâ 10 iXam\¯n Xmsg am{Xhpw. C´ybnse Gähpw `£ykpc£bnÃm¯ kwØm\ambn tIcfw amdnbn«pw Ct¸mgpw ]ecpsSbpw clky AP³U Ahtijn¡p¶ s\ÂhbepIÄIqSn F§s\ \nI¯Wsa¶Xns\¡pdn¨msW¶Xv XnI¨pw A¼c¸n¡p¶XmWv. hnam\¯mhf§Ä¡pw ]mÀ¸nS kap¨b§Ä¡pw Su¬jn¸pIÄ¡psaÃmw thWvSn `qam^nb Ahtijn¡p¶ s\ÂhbepIsfbpw t\m«an«ncn¡p¶p. C§s\ I¬ap¼nÂ\n¶pw tIcfnsâ `£ykpc£ amªps]mbvs¡mWvSncn¡pt¼mÄ AcnbpsS Ipdhp ]cnlcn¡m³ tI{µ¯nsâ klmbw F¡mehpw DWvSmIpsa¶v Bcpw IcptXWvS. kwØm\¯nsâ `£ykpc£nXXzw Dd¸m¡m\pÅ D¯chmZnXzw GsäSp¡nsöv hÀj§Ä¡p apt¼ tI{µw hyàam¡nbn«pÅXmWv. \me©phÀjw ap¼v Acn£maapWvSmbt¸mÄ Acn tXSn tIcf a{´namÀ B{Ôbnepw IÀ®mSI¯nepw ]Ýna_wKmfnepsaÃmw Aeªp\S¶Xv ad¡mdmbn«nÃ. tIcf¯nse Acn£maw ]cnlcn¡m\pÅ D¯chmZnXzw GsäSp¡m\mhnsömbncp¶p A¶v tI{µ Irjna{´n icXv ]hmÀ kzoIcn¨ \ne]mSv. Acn an¨apÅ kwØm\§fn \n¶v AXp kw`cn¨pw kz´ambn IrjnsNbvXpw tIcfw kz´w Imcyw t\m¡ns¡mÅWsa¶mbncp¶p A¶v ]hmÀ tIcf¯n\p \ÂInb D]tZiw.

HcpIme¯v tIcf¯n Irjnsb¶m s\ÂIrjnbmbncp¶p. F¶m Irjn BÀ¡pw thWvSm¯ HtcÀ¸mSmbn amdn¡gnª C¡me¯v IÀjIcn Xs¶ Gähpw AhKWn¡s¸« hn`mKamWv s\ÂIÀjIÀ. s\ÂIrjn s\ÂIÀjIcpsS _m[yX am{Xambn amdnbn«v \mfpItfsdbmbn. sslt¡mSXn NqWvSn¡m«nbXpt]mse s\ÂIÀjIÀ¡v t{]mÕml\ansöp am{XaÃ, Bsc¦nepw s\ÂIrjn \S¯p¶psWvS¦n AhÀ¡v D]Poh\w \S¯m³ hnjaIcamb kmlNcyhpw \ne\n¡p¶p. tIcf¯nse {][m\ s\ÂIrjn taJeIfmb Ip«\m«nepw XrÈqÀ tImÄ\ne§fnepw ]me¡ms« NnäqÀ taJebnepsaÃmw s\ÂIÀjIÀ¡v Imcyw t\SWsa¦n kaccwK¯ndt§WvSnhcp¶p. s\ÂIrjn¡pthWvSn {]Jym]n¡p¶ ]mt¡PpItfm ]²XnItfm H¶pw kab_ÔnXambn \S¸m¡s¸SpItbm e£yw ImWpItbm sN¿p¶nÃ. kwØm\¯v Xcnimbn InS¡p¶ 35,000 slIvSÀ s\ÂhbepIfn HmtcmhÀjhpw 10,000 slIvSÀ hoXw Irjn sNbvXv aq¶phÀj¯n\pÅn s\Ãp¸mZ\w hÀ[n¸n¡m\mbn \mep hÀjw ap¼v kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ `£ykpc£m]²Xn F¶ t]cn Hcp ]²Xn \S¸m¡n. tI{µ ]²Xnbmb cmjv{Sob IrjnhnImkv tbmP\bn \n¶pw tImSn¡W¡n\p cq] ]¼psNbvXXn\m BZyhÀjw Ipd¨p Xcnip\ne§fn Irjn Cd¡m\mbn. ]s£ ]²Xn ]n¶oSp ]mfn. tIcf¯nse s\Ãpev]mZ\w BZyL«¯n 10 e£w S®pw ]n¶oSv 20 e£w S®pambn DbÀ¯psa¶v A¡me¯v Nne hnZKv[À ho¼Sn¨ncp¶p. F¶m H¶pw kw`hn¨nÃ.

tIcf¯n Ct¸mÄ s\Ãnsâ DXv]mZ\£aX slIvSdn\v icmicn cWvSc St®mfamWv. tIcf¯nse {][m\ s\ÃpXv]mZ\ taJeIfn ]ebnS§fnepw CXnsâ Cc«n hnfhv e`n¡p¶pWvSv. tIcf¯nse s\ÃpXv]mZ\£aXbn DWvSmb t\cnb hÀ[\hn\p ImcWw s\ÂIrjn Gähpw A\ptbmPyamb Øe§fnte¡p am{Xambn ]cnanXs¸«psh¶XmWv. temI `£y ImÀjnI kwLS\bpsS IW¡pIÄ {]Imcw BtKmfXe¯n s\Ãnsâ icmicn DXv]mZ\w slIvSdn\v 4.3 S®mWv. C´ybnemIs« CXv slIvSdn\v 2.3 S®pw. tIcf¯nse DXv]mZ\£aX tZiob icmicntb¡mÄ Aev]w IqSn t`ZamsW¶p am{Xw. slIvSdn\v icmicn 10.1 S¬ Dev]mZn¸n¡p¶ Hmkvt{Senbbpw Ggc S¬ Dev]mZn¸n¡p¶ Atacn¡bpw BdcS¬ Dev]mZn¸n¡p¶ ssN\bpsaÃmw s\Ãp¸mZ\¯n DbÀ¶ Dev]mZ\£aX tcJs¸Sp¯p¶ cmPy§fmWv. temI¯p Xs¶ s\Ãnsâ Gähpw DbÀ¶ Dev]mZ\£aX tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡p¶Xv \½psS cmPy¯mWv. _nlmdnse J{Xn kmcmbv t»m¡nÂs¸« ZÀthkv]qÀ ]©mb¯nse s\ÂIÀjIÀ Ignª Jmcn^v kokWn slIvSdn\v 22.4 S¬ Dev]mZ\w tcJs¸Sp¯n.

F¶mÂ, `£ykpc£sb kw_Ôn¨ Hcp NÀ¨bnepw s\Ãnsâ DXv]mZ\£aX hÀ[n¸n¡pI F¶Xv tI{µ _nµphmbn amdp¶nsöXmWv ZpxJIcamb kXyw. 1999  kwØm\s¯ s\ÂIrjnsb¡pdn¨p ]Tn¡m³ A¶s¯ ImÀjnI kÀhIemimem sshkvNm³kedmbncp¶ tUm. sI. F³. iymakpµc³ \mbcpsS A[y£Xbn \ntbmKn¨ hnZKv[ kanXn s\Ãnsâ Dev]mZ\w hÀ[n¸n¡m³ Nne \nÀt±i§Ä kaÀ¸n¨ncp¶p. s\ÂIrjn¡v Gähpw A\ptbmPyamb {]tZi§fn ]cam

h[n Dev]mZ\£aX ssIhcn¡Ww. IqSpX ]qhv Irjn sN¿m³ km[yXbpÅ Øe§fn s\ÂIrjn IqSpX DuÀÖnXambn sN¿Ww. A§s\ kwØm\s¯ s\Ãnsâ Dev]mZ\w ]camh[n hÀ[n¸n¡Wsa¶Xmbncp¶p kanXnbpsS in]mÀi. s\ÂIrjn Bdp e£w slIvSdnte¡v DbÀ¯n Dev]mZ\w 2010 HmsS 21 e£w S®m¡msa¶mbncp¶p I½nänbpsS \nKa\w. Cu e£yw PetcJbmbn amdnsb¶p am{Xaà 2010 Bbt¸mtg¡pw s\ÂIrjnbpsS hnkvXrXn cWvSpe£w slIvSdnte¡v Npcp§n. ]camh[n Dev]mZ\£aX ssIhcn¨m t]mepw kwØm\s¯ s\Ãp¸mZ\w 10 e£w S®n\¸pdw IS¯m\mhnsöXmWv Ct¸mgs¯ ØnXn. AtXkabw tIcf¯nse {][m\ s\Ãp¸mZ\ taJeIfmb Ip«\m«nsebpw tImÄ\ne§fnsebpw s\Ãp¸mZ\w hÀ²n¸n¡m³ BhnjvIcn¨ ]mt¡Pv FhnsSbpsa¯msX Ct¸mgpw Nph¸p\mSbn Ipcp§n¡nS¡pIbmWv. 2007 sk]väw_À 26 \mbncp¶p kzman\mY³ ]mt¡Pv F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ Ip«\mS³ ]mt¡Pv tI{µKh¬saân\p kaÀ¸n¨Xv. hÀjw A©p Ignªn«pw ]mt¡Pn \nÀt±in¨ ]²XnIfpsS \S¯n¸v Cgªp\o§pIbmWv. ]mt¡Pnse hnhn[ ]²XnIÄ¡mbn tI{µKh¬saâv 1292.90 tImSn cq] sNehgn¡m³ A\paXn \ÂInsb¦nepw 100.74 tImSn cq] am{XamWv CXphsc D]tbmKn¡m³ IgnªXv.

A\nb{´nXamb hbÂ\nI¯Â kwØm\¯nsâ `£ykpc£bn am{Xaà ]cnØnXnbnepw KpcpXcamb {]XymLmX§Ä krjvSn¨n«pWvSv. s\ÂhbepIÄ \nI¯n hyhkmbw XpS§Wsa¶p hmZn¡p¶ AephmenbamÀ s\ÂhbepIfpsS ]cnØnXn [À½w ImWmsX t]mIp¶p. Asæn I®S¨ncp«m¡p¶p. aq¶p ]qhpw Irjn sN¿p¶ Hcp slIvSÀ hben Hcp hÀjw cWvSptImSn enäÀ shÅw Xmgpsa¶mWv IW¡m¡nbncn¡p¶Xv. s\ÂhbepIfn sI«n\nÀ¯p¶ shÅw \sÃmcfhn Bg§fnte¡v DuÀ¶nd§n `qKÀ`Pes¯ ]cnt]mjn¸n¡p¶p. tIcf¯nse D]cnXe Pe\nc¸pw `qKÀ` Pe\nc¸pw B]XvIcambn Xmgv¶psImWvSncn¡p¶Xnsâ {][m\ ImcW§fnsem¶v hb \nI¯emWv. kwØm\¯v Pee`yX Dd¸phcp¯m³ IpdªXv A©p e£w slIvSÀ Øes¯¦nepw s\ÂIrjn thWsa¶mWv Nne ]T\§fn IsWvS¯nbncn¡p¶Xv. F¶m CXp Npcp§n cWvSpe£w slIvSdnse¯nbncn¡p¶Xv IpSnshůn\pthWvSnbpw Hcn¡Â Pek¼¶ambncp¶ Cu kwØm\¯n\v A\ykwØm\§sf B{ibnt¡WvSnhcpsa¶Xnsâ kqN\bmWv. Ahtijn¡p¶ hbepIÄ IpSn \nI¯nbm hcĨbpw shÅs¸m¡hpw IqSnshÅ £mahpsaÃmw Hcn¡epw Ahkm\n¡m¯ {]iv\§fmbn tIcfs¯ F¶pw Xpdn¨pt\m¡ns¡mWvSncn¡pw.

X®oÀ¯S§Ä kwc£n¡p¶Xn\mbn 1971  Cdm\nse cmwkmdn h¨v H¸phbv¡s¸« A´mcmjv{S DS¼SnbmWv cmwkmÀ I¬h³j³. Cu I¬h³j³ {]Imcw C´ybn kwc£nt¡WvS 25 X®oÀ¯S§fn aqs¶®w tIcf¯nemWv. AjvSapSn, imkvXmwtIm«, th¼\mSvþtImÄ F¶o tIcf¯nse kwc£nX \oÀ¯S§fn Gähpw {]m[m\ytadnbXv th¼\mSvþtImÄ taJebmWv. H¶ce£w slIvSÀ hnkvXrXnbpÅ Cu ]cnØnXn hyql¯nsâ {][m\ LSI§fnsem¶mWv Ip«\mSv, s]m¡mfn, tImÄ s\Â\ne§Ä. cmwkmÀ sskämbn AwKoIcn¨Xn\ptijhpw Cu \ne§fpsS 30 iXam\t¯mfw \nI¯s¸«p. Pe]£nIÄ, Pekky§Ä, aÕy§Ä XpS§nbhbv¡v B{ibamb X®oÀ¯S§fpsS hn\mihpw tIcf¯nsâ ]cnØnXn¡v henb BLmXta¸n¡pw. th¼\mSvþtImÄ taJebv¡p ]pdsa \nI¯s¸«psImWvSncn¡p¶ asämcp X®oÀ¯SamWv I®qcnse ssI¸mSv ]mS§Ä. Cu taJeIfnse hym]Iamb hbÂ\nI¯Â cmwkmÀ I¬h³j\nse hyhØIfpsS ewL\amWv.

hb \nI¯p¶Xpw `£yhnfIÄ IrjnsN¿p¶ `qan aämhiy§Ä¡v ]cnhÀ¯\w sN¿p¶Xpw XSbp¶Xn\pÅ tIcf `qhn\ntbmK HmÀUÀ 1967 apX kwØm\¯v \nehnepWvSv. tIcf `qhn\ntbmK D¯chnsâ aq¶mw hIp¸v s\Âhb \nI¯p¶Xpw ]cnhÀ¯\w sN¿p¶Xpw ]qÀ®ambn \ntcm[n¨ncn¡p¶p. sXm«v aq¶phÀjw ap¼v Irjn sNbvXncp¶ `£yhnf XpSÀ¶pw IrjnsN¿Wsa¶pw AXpamän atäsX¦nepw `£yhnf IrjnsN¿Wsa¦nÂt]mepw PnÃm IfIvSdpsS tcJmaqeapÅ A\paXn thWsa¶pw Cu D¯chnsâ Bdmw hIp¸v A\pimkn¡p¶p. Cu iàamb hyhØIÄ \ne\nÂs¡bmWv 30 hÀj¯n\nSbn tIcf¯nse 15 e£w G¡tdmfw s\ÂhbepIÄ \nI¶Xv. s\ÂhbepIfpw X®oÀ¯S§fpw kwc£n¡p¶Xn\pÅ ]pXnb \nbaw tIcf \oÀ¯Sþs\Âhb kwc£W \nbaw F¶ t]cn 2008 HmKÌn \nehnÂh¶psh¦nepw AXn\ptijhpw s\Âhb \nI¯Â XSbm\mbn«nÃ.

Irjn¡pw IÀjIÀ¡pw {]Ya]cnKW\ \ÂIn ]²XnIÄ X¿mdm¡p¶ Hcp cmPy¯v Bkq{XW I½oj³ D]m[y£³ Xs¶ s\ÂIrjn Dt]£n¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸Sp¶Xv At§bäw A]lmkyamWv. cmkhf§Ä¡pÄs¸sS FÃm¯cw k_vknUnbpw sh«n¡pdbv¡pI F¶XmWv tI{µKh¬saânsâ Ct¸mgs¯ \bw. s\ÂIrjn em`Icam¡m³ IqSpX k_vknUn \ÂtIWvSnhcpsa¶ AephmenbbpsS {]kvXmh\ tIcf¯nse s\ÂIÀjIÀ tI{µ¯n \n¶pw klmbsam¶pw {]Xo£n¡cpXv F¶ HmÀ½s¸Sp¯emWv. At§bäs¯ {]XnkÔnIÄ¡nSbnepw em`\jvS§Ä t\m¡msX, sshImcnIamb ImcW§fm s\ÂIrjnbn Dd¨p\n¡p¶hcmWv tIcf¯nse s\ÂIÀjIÀ. Ahsc klmbn¨nsænepw \nµn¡cpXv. ]cnØnXn¡pw `£ykpc£bv¡pw \ÂIp¶ kw`mh\IÄ IW¡nseSp¯v s\ÂIÀjIsc F´phne sImSp¯pw kwc£n¡m³ tI{µ kwØm\ kÀ¡mcpIÄ X¿mdmIWw. AÃmsX s\ÂIrjn IÀjIcpsS am{Xw _m[yXbm¡n amäcpXv.

t^m¬: 9387100119.



kzÀKhmXn ]£nIÄ

ta\nbn \ndbp¶ hÀ®¡q«pIfpw, \ndw Xn§nb ]«ptNet]mse hmepIfpambn XriqÀ IWnawKew kztZin A\n X¼nbpsS ho«papä¯n\v s^kâpIÄ \ÂIp¶Xv A`ua kuµcyamWv. kp\man t]msebpÅ {]IrXnt£m`§Ä ap³Iq«n Xncn¨dnbm\pÅ Ignhpaqew ssZh¯nsâ kz´w ]£n IfmbmWnh
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sN¯n DZym\¯nse Xo\mfw

DZym\¯n Xo\mfw t]mse tim`n¡p¶ Nph¶ sN¯n¸q¡Ä Xo£vWkuµcy¯nsâ DZm¯amXrIbmWv. sN¯n¸qhn\v sXän F¶pw t]cpWvSv. kpµc ]pjv]§fpsS DdhnSamWv Cu Ipäns¨Sn. Nph¶ ]q¡fpWvSmIp¶ sN¯nbmWv km[mcWsa¦nepw Cfw Nph¸v, ISpwNph¸v,
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{iocmaN{µaThpw temI tKmkt½f\hpw

IÀWmSIbnse jntamK PnÃbn slmk\Kdn\Sp¯v ImcWKncnbn 1200 hÀj§Ä¡pap¼v BZni¦c\m Øm]nXamb {iocmaN{µ]pc aTw "ImaZpK' Fs¶mcp \ho\ ]²Xn \S¸nem¡ns¡mWvSncn¡pIbmWv. {InbmßIamb {]hÀ¯\§fneqsSbpw t_m[hXvIcW¯neqsSbpw
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Hcp B{^n¡³ Irjn KmY

IrjnhnIk\hpambn _Ôs¸«v B{^n¡³ cmPy§fnsem¶mb NmUv (CHAD )  \n¶v Hm^À h¶t¸mÄ, BZyw H¶p`b¶p, {Xo{hhmZhpw, kwL«\§fpw \nc´cw th«bmSp¶ Hcp cmPyw F¶Xmbncp¶p Fsâ Adnhv. CXpambn _Ôs¸«v ]etcmSpw At\zjWw ...
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a[pcw hnfbpw ho«phf¸pIÄ

a[pc¯nsâ sam¯¡¨hS¡mÀ F¶v \mw kvt\lt¯msS ]g§sf hnfn¡mdpWvSv. ]g§Ä t]mjI§fpsS aWns¨¸pIfmWv. BtcmKyZmbIamb hn`h§fpsS Iehd. kzmZn\p ]pdta BtcmKyw, Bbpkv, _p²niàn F¶nhbvs¡Ãmw ]g§Ä A\nhmcyamWv.
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eoUvkv ]²XnbneqsS hnPbhpambn Nnäqcnse bphIÀjI³

]me¡mSv PnÃbnse Irjn{][m\amsbmcp ØeamWv NnäqÀ. ChnsS s]m ¸pÅn Irjn`hsâ ]cn[nbn hcp¶ bphIÀjI\mWv {]`p. Xsâ _ncpZ ]T\¯n\ptijw ]qÀWambpw Irjnbnte¡v ImseSp¯phbv¡pIbmbncp¶p Cu bphIÀjI³.
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t]mfnlukvIrjn: XSw Xbmdm¡ensâ {]m[m\yw

t]mfnlukv Irjnbn A´co£¯nsâ {]m[m\ys¯ ¡pdn¨v ap³e¡¯n kqNn¸n¨ncp¶p. AXpt]mseXs¶ hfsc {]m[m\yaÀln¡p¶p XSsamcp¡Â. sNSnbpsS Icp¯pähfÀ¨bv¡pw IqSpX DXv]mZ\¯n\pw XSsamcp¡ens\¡pdn¨pw a®ns\ ¡pdn¨pw AdntbWvSXv BhiywXs¶bmWv.
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Ir{Xna amwkhpw CXm Cs§¯nt¸mbn

Ct¶¡v 82 hÀjw ap³]v 1932  hn³Ì³ NÀ¨n FgpXn, A³]XphÀj§Ä¡¸pdw tImgnbpsS s\t©m, Imtem, Ign¡p¶Xn\p thWvSn Hcp apgph³ tImgnsbbpw hfÀ¯pIsb¶ Akw_Ô¯n \n¶pw \mw c£s¸Spw; Hmtcm¶ns\bpw Ir{Xnaambn hÀ[\m am[ya§Ä
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N¡hn¹h¯n\mbn HäbmÄt]mcm«w

BÀ¡pw thWvSmsX ]mgmbn t]mIp¶ N¡bv¡v anI¨ hn]Wn t\SnsbSp¡m³ Ignª ]Xn\©p hÀjambn {ian¨ IÀjI\mWv ]me¡mSv Imªnc¸pg Ccp¼It¨me kztZin ]mebv¡m¯d¸n sPbnwkv ]n. amXyp. ss]XrIambn e`n¨ Irjn`qanbn \nch[n ¹mhpIfpWvSmbncp¶ Ct±lw AXv IÀjI\v F{]Imc
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Ae¦mc {]mhpIÄ: hnt\mZt¯msSm¸w BZmbhpw

kvIqÄ ]T\Imes¯ IuXpIambncp¶p PbvkWv {]mhpIÄ. ]T\w H³]Xmw ¢mkn Ahkm\n¨t¸mgpw a\kn sâ ]pkvXI¯n {]mhpIÄ IqSpIq«nbncp¶p. GXm\pw \mS³ {]mhpIfpambn«mbncp¶p XpS¡w. ]n¶oSv hntZibn\w Ae¦mc{]mhpIÄ hn]Wnbnse Xmc§fmbt¸mÄ ap´nb C\§fnte¡v NphSpamäw.
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sNdn H¶v, `mhw aq¶v

t]cv ItcmWvS sNdnþASp¸apÅhÀ t_¡dn sNdn F¶p hnfn¡pw... CfwImbvIÄ¡v ]pfnbpw NhÀ¸pw DsWvS¦nepw hnfªm kwkvIcns¨Sp¯v a[pcXcamb sNdn¸gam¡mw. \nXylcnXkz`mhhpw ]¨ne¯g¸pw inJc§Ä \ndsb Cfw Npht¸m ]nt¦m \ndapÅ ImbvIfpambn \n¡pt¼mÄ....
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]mÂs¸cpabnse Hcp hS¡³ hocKmY

sabv¡cp¯nsâ C´y³ {]Xncq]§fmWv ]©m_pw lcnbm\bpw. `£W{]nb¯n\p t]ÀsImWvS \mSpIÄ. Xn¶p¶Xns\m¸w C´y¡msc Xoänt¸mäp¶Xnepw ap³]´nbnemWv cmPy¯nsâ `£y Iehdsb¶dnbs¸Sp¶ Cu hS¡³ kbmaokv kwØm\§Ä.
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a[pc KÔhpambn at\mcRvPn\n

a\pjya\kns\ cRvPn¸n¡p¶Xv F¶ AÀ°¯n A\zÀ°amb t]cv In«nb Hcp kpKÔ kpµc]pjv]w, AXmWv at\mcRvPn\n. at\mcRvPnXw F¶pw t]cpWvSv. kwkvIrX¯n lcNw], lcNw]I. khntijamb a[pcKÔamWv at\mcRvPn\nbpsS apJap{Z.
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N¡bneqsS `£yhn¹h¯nte¡v

]me¡mSv PnÃbpsS kmaqlytaJebn ap¸¯nbmdp hÀjambn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ ]o¸nÄkv kÀhokv skmsskän ]me¡mSv (]nFkvFkv]n) \qX\ Bib§fpw {]hÀ¯\ssienbpwsImWvSp X\Xv ap{Z]Xn¸n¨ k¶² kwLS\bmWv. 2012þse N¡ hnfshSp¸papX kwkvIcW¯neqsS D]t`mKw hÀ[n¸n¡p¶Xn\pw....
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ImemhØ amdp¶p, C\n ss¢aäv kvamÀ«v Irjn

Ignª A©p hÀj¯n\p tijw cmPyw hoWvSpw asämcp hcĨbnte¡v {]thin¡pIbmWv. Pqsse ]IpXn hsc In«nb a¬kq¬ agbpsS Afhv 43 iXam\t¯mfw IpdhmWv. ]k^nIv kap{Z¯nsâ D]cnXew XpSÀ¨bmbn NqSmIp¶XpsImWvSpWvSmIp¶ F \nt\m {]Xn`mkw....
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]ip hfÀ¯Â A{X tamiw ]WnbÃ...

hS¡t©cn (]me¡mSv): ]iphfÀ¯Â em`Icasöpw XcwXmgv¶ ]WnbmsW¶pw ]dªv ]pÑn¨p XÅp¶hÀ hmbnt¨mfq. awKew Kh¬saâv FÂ]n kvIqfn\p kao]apÅ cmlpÂhnÃbn ]ip ^mw \S¯p¶Xp ktlmZc§fmb bph A`n`mjI\pw bph tUmÎdpamWv.
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kq£vaaqeI§fpw hmg¡rjnbpw

aebmfnIsf kw_Ôn ¨nSt¯mfw ]gsa¶m hmg¸gw F¶mWtÃm. sX¡p Ing¡³ Gjybnse NqSpÅ ImemhØbnemWv CXnsâ DXv`hw. t\cn«pw thhn¨pw Ign¡mhp¶ hmg¸gw Ffp ¸¯n Zln¡p¶Xpw t]mjI KpW§fpw Huj [KpW§fpw \ndªXpamWv.
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tIm«b¯nsâ a®n Im]vkn¡hpw

Irjnbpw ImÀjnI kwkvImchpw F¶pw Xg¨phfÀ¶n«pÅXv \ZoXoc§fnemWv. ^e]qbnãamb a®pw ip²Pehpw kpe`ambn e`n¡psa¶XmWv CXn\v HcpImcWw. CXpt]mse Hcp \ZoXS Irjnbpw ImÀjnI kwkvImchpw hfcpIbmWv ao\¨nemdnsâ IcbnÂ.
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hnfIÄ¡v Icp¯mbn..hocyambn...

`mhnPohnX¯nte¡v XesbSpt¸msS, Dd¨ NphSpItfmsS \S¶p apt¶tdWvS Hcp XeapdbpsS ImepIÄ¡v _e£bw A\p`hs¸«mtem? AhcpsS NphSpIÄ e£yt_m[anÃmsX ]Xdnbmtem? GXmWvSv aq¶c ]XnämWvSp ap³]v _w¥mtZin kw`hn¨ bmYmÀYyamWnXv.
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AgtIdpw tImgn¨´w

amwk¯n\pw ap«bv¡pambn hfÀ¯p¶ C\§fn \n¶v Ae¦mct¡mgnIsf thÀXncn¡p¶Xv AhcpsS N´w Xs¶bmWv. A¦hmenepw, Xqh hn\ymk¯nepw, BSbnepw, Xe¸qhnepw \ndbp¶ hÀWtaf\§fmWv ChbpsS hne \nÝbn¡p¶Xv. Im¡nbpSp¸n\pÅn Hcp IemlrZbapsWvS¶v sXfnbn¡pIbmWv....
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thdn« IÀjI Nn´IÄ

GXp hyhkmb kwcw`hpw hnPbw ssIhcn¡p¶Xv DXv]¶§fpsS sshhn[y¯neqsSbmWv F¶ X¯zw £octaJebnepw sXfnbn¨ncn¡pIbmWv sImÃw PnÃbnse Xghm ssNX\y ho«n A\nÂIpamÀ.£ochnIk\ hIp¸v 1999  sImÃw PnÃbn \S¸m¡nb ka{K£ochnIk\ ]²Xnbmb ...
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¹mhps]cpabpambn Pm¡v A\nÂ

ZimСmeambn ¹mhpIfpsS \à \mS³ C\§Ä IsWvS¯n _ÍnwKneqsS Ahbv¡v ]pXnb cq]hpw `mhhpw \ÂIpIbmWv Pm¡v A\n F¶t]cnednbs¸Sp¶ A\nÂIpamÀ. aebmfnbmb A\n Ct¸mÄ Xmakn¡p¶ IÀWmSI¯nse Z£nW I¶U PnÃbnse ]p¯qcnemWv ¹mhn hnkvab§Ä hncnbn¡p¶Xv.
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Xncphkv{X hÀ®apÅ ]pjv]§Ä

t]cv ImÀUn\ ^vfhÀ, IÀZn\mÄ ]qhv F¶v ]cn`mj. ImÀUn\ F¶ Cw¥ojv ]Z¯n\v Gähpw {][m\s¸«Xv, hninjvSambXv Fs¶ms¡ AÀ°w. F¶m semt_enb ImÀUn\menkv F¶ ]qhn\v IÀZn\mÄ ]qhv F¶v t]cp In«nbXv.....
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]pXp{]Xo£bpWÀ¯n Im¡¸md Fw. PmXn C\w

hn]Wnbn kpØnchnebpsWvS¶v IcpXnbncp¶ hnfIÄ¡mWn¶v IenImew. hneØncXbnÃm¯ hnfIÄ¡nSbn PmXnacs¯ Hcp hcambn IÀjI³ IcpXnbm AXn ]Xncnsöv ]dtbWvSnhcpw. BtcmKyapÅ, {]mb]qÀ¯nbmb Hcp PmXnac¯n \n¶pw....
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d_À hnebnSnhn hne]nt¡WvS, tX\o¨ XpWbmbpsWvS¦nÂ

d_À tXm«§Ä tX³ Npc¯p¶ amk§fmWv s^{_phcn, amÀ¨v, G{]n amk§Ä. d_À tXm«¯n\pÅn tX\o¨tbm? kwibw tXmt¶WvS, Htc¡À d_À tXm«¯n\pÅn 100 tX\o¨s¸«nIÄ Øm]n¨v kwc£n¡m³ Ignbpw. _o Io¸nwKv ]Tn¨hÀ¡v CXv sImbv¯pImeamWv.
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cWvSc G¡À d_Àt¯m«¯n \n¶v \mec e£w A[nIhcpam\w

PohnX¯n {]XnkÔnIÄ hcpt¼mÄ a\kp kzØam¡m³ Hcp Km\w tIÄ¡p¶hÀ \nch[n. {]XnkÔnbnemb d_À IÀjIcpsS CSbnte¡v Bizmk Km\ambn HgpInsb¯pIbmWv Cu Ces¨SnIÄ. t]cn Xs¶ Km\apÅ Ces¨SnIÄ.
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{]Xntcm[taJebn C´y³ d_dnsâ km[yXIfmcmªv skan\mÀ

{]Xntcm[taJebn C´y³ d_dnsâ km[yX AhtemI\w sN¿p¶ skan \mÀ {it²bambn. d_À hyhkmbw IqSpX sa¨s¸Sp¯p¶Xnsâ km[yXIÄ Bcm bp¶Xn\mbncp¶p skan\mÀ kwLSn¸n¨Xv. bp²¡¸Â, A´Àhmln\n F¶nhbpsS \nÀamW¯n\mhiyamb 1200 d_À A[njvvTnX DXv]¶§Ä \nÀan¨p
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tamZn ImÀjnI taJebv¡p tamSn ]Icptam ?

IÀjIcpÄs¸sS cmPys¯ kakvX P\hn`mK§Ä¡pw \ÃImew hmKvZm\w sNbvXpsImWvSmWv \tc{µtamZn C´ybpsS {][m\a{´n]Zw GsäSp¯ncn¡p¶Xv. cmPyhym]Iambn \S¯nb {]NÞamb sXcsªSp¸v {]NmcWthfbn cmPys¯ IÀjIcpsSbpw Phm·mcpsSbpw....
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d_dns\ c£n¡m³ ]pXnb Bib§Ä, ]p¯³ t^mÀape

d_À t_mÀUv sNbÀt]gvk¬ joe tXmakv sFFFkv, d_À s{]mUIvvj³ I½ojWÀ tUm. sP. tXmakv, d_À t_mÀUv ap³ sNbÀam³ ]n.kn. kndnb¡v, d_Àt_mÀUv ap³ AwKw ]n. BÀ. apcfo[c³, eqWmÀ dt_gvkv FwUn sFk¡v tPmk^v sIm«pIm¸Ån, C´y³ d_À Uotegvkv s^Utdj³ {]knUâv ....
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{]khImes¯ {i² {][m\w

{]khkab¯v ]ip¡Ä ]qÀW BtcmKyhXnIÄ Bbncn¡Ww. P\nXI KpW§Ä, AXmbXv ]qÀWamb ]m DXv]mZ\w {]Xypev]mZ\w F¶nh, BtcmKyhXnIfmb ]ip¡fn \n¶pam{Xta e`n¡pIbpÅq. C¯cw ]ip¡fn 90 iXam\¯n IqSpXepw aZne£Ww {]khtijw 30 Znhk¯n\pÅn ImWn¡pw.
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