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]cnØnXn kwc£n¡m³ IÀjIsc IpSnbnd¡tWm ?
tUm. tPmkv tPmk^v

{]^kÀ B³Uv slUv, hnÚm\hym]\hn`mKw, ImÀjnI tImfPv, ]S¶¡mSv

KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«pw s\Ãnbm¼Xn FtÌäv hnhmZ§fpw IpSntbä taJeIfnse IÀjIÀ¡nSbn Bi¦bpsS \ngepIÄ ]c¯nbncn¡pIbmWv. KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«v tI{µþkwØm\ Kh¬saâpIÄ A´naambn AwKoIcn¨n«nsænepw ]ÝnaL«§fnse hnhn[ ]²XnIÄ¡v dnt¸mÀ«n \nÀt±in¨ncn¡p¶ hyhØIÄ¡\pkcn¨p am{Xta A\paXn \ÂImhq F¶v tZiob {Ko³ ss{S_yqW CXn\Iw HcnS¡me D¯chneqsS hyàam¡n¡gnªp. Irjn¡pw \nÀ½mW{]hÀ¯\§Ä¡pw KmUvKn I½nän \nÀt±in¨ncn¡p¶ \nb{´W§Ä ]ÝnaL«§fnse ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIfn DS³ Xs¶ \S¸m¡Wsa¶mWv Hcp hn`mKw ]cnØnXn {]hÀ¯IcpsS Bhiyw. CtXmsSm¸w h\yarK§fpsS CS\mgnIÄ ]p\xØm]n¡p¶Xn\pw kwc£nX tI{µ§Ä¡pNpäpw _^À tkmWpIÄ GÀs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pw aäpambn Cu {]tZi§fnse IpSntbäw Hgn¸n¡Wsa¶pw ChÀ Bhiys¸Sp¶p. \nXyhr¯n¡pw D]Poh\ kpc£nXXz¯n\pw thWvSn aqt¶m \mtem XeapdIÄ¡p ap¼v tIcf¯nse hnhn[ PnÃIfnse ae{¼tZi§fn {]XnIqeImemhØtbmSpw h\yarK§tfmSpw aÃn«v IpSntbdnb e£¡W¡n\v IpSntbä IÀjIsc `qanIt¿ä¡mcpw `qam^nbbpsS hàm¡fpambn Nn{XoIcn¡p¶Xv tIcf¯n ASp¯Ime¯v hmNItafbneqsS ]cnØnXn kwc£Ww \S¯p¶hcpsS CSbn Hcp ^mj\mbn amdnbn«pWvSv. hmkvXh¯n tIcf¯nsâ ImÀjnI taJebpsS \s«ÃmWv IpSntbä taJebnse IÀjIÀ. ]cnØnXnbpsS t]cn Cu IÀjIsc t{Zmln¡m\pÅ GsXmcp \o¡hpw Irjnsbbpw ]cnØnXnsbbpw Hcpt]mse XIÀ¡pItb DÅq.

cmPys¯ ae{¼tZi§fpsS 65 iXam\hpw h\ambn kwc£n¡pIbmWv tZiob e£ysa¶v KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. ]ÝnaL«§fpsS {]tXyIamb ]cnØnXn {]m[m\yw IW¡nseSp¯v ChnSs¯ h\§fpsS hnkvXrXn sam¯w hnkvXrXnbpsS 75 iXam\sa¦nepambn DbÀ¯Wsa¶mWv KmUvKn I½nänbpsS in]mÀi. h\t¯m«§Ä DÄs¸sS tIcf¯nse Ct¸mgs¯ h\hnkvXrXn tIcf¯nsâ sam¯w `qhnkvXrXnbpsS GItZiw 30 iXam\t¯mfw hcpw. Ignª Ipsd¡meambn tIcf¯nsâ h\hnkvXrXn henb amä§fnÃmsX Gsd¡psd Øncambn \n¡pIbmWv. tIcf¯nsâ h\hnkvXrXn KmUvKn I½nän in]mÀisN¿p¶Xpt]mse 75 iXam\ambn DbÀ¯Wsa¦n dnt¸mÀ«n ]mcnØnXnI hnteme taJeIfmbn kqNn¸n¡p¶ {]tZi§fnse Irjn`qan h³tXmXn IpSnsbmgn¸nt¡WvSnhcpw. CXv {]mtbmKnIamtWm F¶XmWv {]kàamb H¶mas¯ tNmZyw. C§s\ IpSnsbmgn¸n¡m³ XpS§nbm Xs¶ GXp XobXn¡p ap¼pÅ IpSntbä§Ä Hgn¸nt¡WvSnhcpsa¶XmWv cWvSmas¯ tNmZyw. 1977 \p ap¼pÅ IpSntbä§Ä¡v \nbakm[pX \ÂIn ssIhi`qan¡v IÀjIÀ¡v ]«bw \ÂIm\pÅ Xocpam\w hfsc ap¼pXs¶ kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ FSp¯n«pÅXmWv. Cu kmlNcy¯n h\kwc£W¯nsâ t]cn IpSntbä IÀjIsc Hgn¸n¡Wsa¶ hmZw Cu taJebn ]pXnb kwLÀj§Ä¡v hgnsXfn¡pItbDÅq.

tIcf¯nse 633 Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä KmUvKn I½nän \nÀt±in¨ ]mcnØnXnI ZpÀ_e taJeIfn DÄs¸Sp¶psh¶v "]ÝnaL« hnZKv[ kanXn dnt¸mÀ«v' tIcf¯n\p {]kàamb `mK§Ä F¶ t]cn tIcf kwØm\ ssPhsshhn[yt_mÀUv {]kn²oIcn¨ dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. Be¸pg HgnsIbpÅ tIcf¯nse 13 PnÃIfnepw ]ÝnaL«hpambn _Ôs¸« ]mcnØnXnI ZpÀ_e taJeIfpWvSv. CSp¡n PnÃbnse FÃm ]©mb¯pIfpw, sXmSp]pg ap\nkn¸menänbpw KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«v {]ImcapÅ H¶mas¯ ]mcnØnXnI ZpÀ_e taJebnemWv. H¶mw taJebn tIcfsam«msI 158 Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§fmWv hcp¶sX¶v dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. cWvSmw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJebn 268 ]©mb¯pIfpw aq¶mw taJebn 439 ]©mb¯pIfpw DÄs¸Sp¶p. hb\mSv PnÃbnse 27 ]©mb¯pIfn 23 Dw H¶mw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJebnemWv. Xncph\´]pcw tImÀ¸tdjsâ Nne `mK§fpw s\Spa§mSv ap\nkn¸menänbpsaÃmw H¶mw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJebn DÄs¸Spw. IÀi\ \nb{´W§Ä in]mÀi sNbvXncn¡p¶ ]cnØnXn hnteme taJe H¶nepw cWvSnepw s]Sp¶ ]©mb¯pIfpsS _lp`qcn]£hpw tIcf¯nse {][m\s¸« IpSntbä taJe IfmWv. ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\v ChnsS IpSnbnd¡v DÄs¸sSbpÅ \S]SnIÄ thWsa¶v Nne ]cnØnXn kwLS\IÄ Hfnªpw sXfn ªpw ]dbp¶p. KmUvKn I½nän ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIÄ¡p ]pdsa tIcf¯nse hnhn[ PnÃIfnembn 18 kwc£nX tI{µ§fpw \nÀt±in¨n«pWvSv. h\yPohn kwc£Whpambn _Ôs¸« Cu kwc£nX tI{µ§Ä (Proteted Areas) kw_Ôn¨ hyàamb \nÀt±i§Ä KmUvKn I½nän \ÂInbn«nÃ. ]\¯Sn, {_ÒKncnþXncps\Ãn, hb\mSv, _mWmkpcþIpäymSn, \ne¼qÀþta¸mSn, sskeâv hmenþ \yq Aac¼ew, incphmWn, s\Ãnbmw]Xn, ]o¨nþhmgm\n, AXnc¸nÅnþhmg¨mÂ, ]qbwIp«nþaq¶mÀ, ImÀUaw lnÂkv, s]cnbmÀ, Ipf¯q¸pg, AKkvXyae XpS§nb kwc£nX tI{µ§fnepw Ahbv¡p NpäpapÅ ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIfnepambn 91 Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä DÄs¡mÅp¶p. Cu {]tZi§fpw tIcf¯nse {][m\s¸« IpSntbä taJeIfmWv.

ctWvSm AXne[nItam h\yPohn BhmktI{µ§sf ]pcmX\ Imew apXÂt¡ X½n _Ôn¸n¡p¶Xpw h\yPohnIÄ Cu Bhmk hyhØIfneqsS At\ym\w IS¡p¶Xpamb {]tZi§fmWv h\CS\mgnIÄ. AcphnIÄ, \ZnbpsS DdhnS§Ä, \ZnIÄ F¶nhsbÃmw h\yPohnIfpsS CS\mgnIfmWv. h\yPohnIfpsS CS\mgnIsf¶v Ct¸mÄ hntijn¸n¡s¸Sp¶ ]e {]tZi§fpw Imem´c¯n IpSntbäs¯ XpSÀ¶v \n_nU P\hmkapÅ ImÀjnI {]tZi§fmbn amdnbhbmWv. cWvSp h\{]tZi§Ä¡nSbnepÅ h\ CS\mgnIfnse IpSntbäw Hgn¸n¨v B {]tZi§sf h\am¡n amän h\CS\mgnIÄ ]p\xØm]n¡Wsa¶XmWv ]cnØnXn hmZnIfpsS asämcp Bhiyw. s\Ãnbm¼Xn {]tZiw ]d¼n¡pfw ISphmkt¦X¯nte¡pÅ h\C\SmgnbmbXn\m Cu {]tZis¯ 10,000 G¡tdmfw IpSntbäw Hgn¸n¨v CXv h\`qanbm¡n amäWsa¶mWv Bhiyw. C§s\ sNbvXm ISph, B\ XpS§nb h\yPohnIÄ¡v ]d¼n¡pfw h\taJebv¡v ]pdt¯¡pw AIt¯¡pw btYjvSw k©cn¡m\mhpsa¶v ChÀ hmZn¡p¶p. tIcf¯nse aäp {][m\s¸« h\taJeItfmSp tNÀ¶pw C¯cw h\CS\mgnIfpWvSv.

CSp¡n PnÃbnse ImÀUaw lnÂkv F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ {]tZihpw CXpt]mepÅ Hcp h\CS\mgnbmsW¶mWv hmZw. aXnsI«m³ h\taJebn \n¶pw tX¡Sn s]cnbmÀ ISphmkt¦X¯nte¡pÅ h\CS\mgn bmWs{X ImÀUaw lnÂkv F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ GeaeIÄ. N¡p]Åw, ]m¼mSpw]md, hWvSt·Sv, IcpWm]pcw, s\Sp¦WvSw, DSp¼³tNme, im´³]md F¶o ]©mb¯pIfnse 606 NXpc{iIntemanäÀ {]tZiw kwc£nX h\taJebmbn amänbm aXnsI«m\n \n¶pw tX¡Snbnte¡pÅ h\CS\mgn ]p\xØm]n¡m\mhpw Cu taJebnse a\pjyhmksamgnhm¡nbm h\yarK§Ä¡v aXnsI«m\pw tX¡Sn¡panSbn btYjvSw k©cn¡m³ kmlNcysamcp§pw. 2010  DSp¼³tNme Xmeq¡n kwØm\ ssPhsshhn[y t_mÀUv \S¸m¡nb I½yqWnän dnkÀ¨v ]²Xn Hcp amXrIm]²Xnbmbn KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«n NqWvSn¡mWn¡p¶pWvSv. {]mtZinI _tbm ssUthgvknän amt\Pvsaâv I½nänIÄ, {XnXe ]©mb¯pIÄ F¶nhsb kwØm\ _tbm ssUthgvknän t_mÀUv, tZiob _tbmsskthgvknän t_mÀUv F¶nhbpambn _Ôs¸Sp¯n ssPhsshhn[yw kwc£n¡p¶ amXrIm]²XnbmWnsX¶v dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. Geae¡mSpIfnse A]qÀÆamb ssPhsshhn[yw P\Iob ]¦mfn¯t¯msS kwc£n¡pIbmWv Cu amXrIm]²XnbpsS e£ysa¶v kwØm\ _tbm ssUthgvknän t_mÀUv ASnhcbn«p ]dbp¶psWvS¦nepw aXnsI«m\pw tX¡Sn¡panSbn h\yPohn CS\mgn ]p\xØm]n¡pIbmWv CXnsâ ]n¶nse KqVe£ysa¶v IÀjIkwLS\IÄ Btcm]n¡p¶p. Ct¸mÄ Xs¶ tIcf¯nse ]e IpSntbä taJeIfnepw h\yPohn B{IaW¯m Irjn\miw hym]Iambn kw`hn¡p¶pWvSv. ]WvSpIme¯v \ne\n¶ncp¶psh¶p ]dbs¸Sp¶ h\yPohn CS\mgnIÄ ]p\xØm]n¨m kao]{]tZi§fnseÃmw Irjn Akm[yambn¯ocpsa¶mWv IÀjIcpsS `oXn.

h\yarK kt¦X§Ä, tZiob ]mÀ¡pIÄ, kwc£nX taJeIÄ XpS§nb kwc£nX tI{µ§fpsS AXncpIfn \n¶v 10 IntemaoäÀ hscbpÅ {]tZi§Ä k½À± \ntcm[nX _^À tkmWpIfmbnamäWsa¶ \nÀt±ihpw KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«nepWvSv. s\Ãnbm¼Xn ]d¼n¡pfw h\yPohn kwc£WtI{µ¯nsâ _^ÀtkmWmbn amdp¶Xpt]mse tX¡Sn, CSp¡n XpS§nb h\yarKtI{µ§fpsSbpw aäv kwc£nX taJeIfpsSbpw 10 IntemaoäÀ hscbpÅ {]tZi§Ä _^ÀtkmWpIfmbn amtäWvSnhcpw. bps\kvtImbpsS temI ss]XrI ]«nIbnte¡v \nÀt±in¡s¸« {]tZi§fpsS 10 IntemaoäÀ hsc ZqscbpÅ {]tZi§fnepw C¯cw k½À±\ntcm[nX _^ÀtkmWpIÄ Øm]nt¡WvSnhcpw. Hcp ]cnØnXnþP\kulrZ ]cn]me\ kwhn[m\amWv _^À tkmWpIfn cq]w sImtÅWvSsX¶mWv KmUvKn I½nänbpsS in]mÀi. Hcp {]tZis¯ \oÀamdn {]tZi§Ä, {Kma§fpsS AXncpIÄ F¶nh IW¡nseSp¯pw P\Iob A[nImcØm]\§fpsS A`n{]mb§fpsS ASnØm\¯nepw thWw _^À tkmWpIÄ \nÝbn¡m³. kwc£nXn]cnØnXn {][m\ tI{µ§fpsS 10 IntemaoäÀ Zqcw hsc _^À tkmWpIÄ cq]oIcn¡m\pÅ \nÀt±i§fpw ^e¯n Cu taJebnse Irjnbpw D]Poh\{]hÀ¯\§fpw Akm[yam¡n¯oÀ¡pw.

]s¯m¼Xmw \qämWvSnsâ Bcw`¯n AXmbXv 200 hÀjw ap¼v tIcf¯nsâ `qhnkvXrXnbpsS 75 iXam\hpw h\{]tZi§fmbncp¶p. 100 hÀjw sImWvSv AXv t\À]IpXnbmbn Ipdªp. Cu ImeL«¯nsem¶pw tIcf¯nse IpSntbäw Bcw`n¨n«nÃ. ]s¯m¼Xmw \qämWvSnsâ Ahkm\hpw Ccp]Xmw \qämWvSnsâ Bcw`¯nepw ]ÝnaL«§fnte¡v {_n«ojpImÀ tXbnet¯m«§fpw Im¸nt¯m«§fpw Øm]n¡m³ IS¶ph¶tXmsSbmWv ]ÝnaL«§fnse h\§Ä h³tXmXn apdn¨pamäs¸«Xv. ]ÝnaL«§fnse `q{]IrXnbnepWvSmb h³tXmXnepÅ amäw 1750 apX XpÀ¨bmbn \S¶phcp¶ Hcp {]{InbbmsW¶v KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«n Xs¶ ]dbp¶papWvSv. tIcfw, IÀ®mSIw, Xangv\mSv F¶o ]ÝnaL« kwØm\§fn \S¯nb Hcp ]T\¯n \n¶pw hyàambXv 1920 \pw 90 \panSbn Xs¶ ]ÝnaL«§fnse {]mYanI h\§fpsS 40 iXam\hpw aämhiy§Ä¡pthWvSn amäs¸«p F¶mWv. C¶v ]ÝnaL«§fnse GgpiXam\¯n Xmsg {]tZi§Ä am{Xsa {]mYanI h\§fmbn IW¡m¡s¸Sp¶pÅq. 1950 \pw 1980 \pw CSbn h\hn`h§sf ASnØm\am¡nbpÅ t]¸À, XSn, ss¹hpUv XpS§nbhbv¡pthWvSnbpw h\§Ä h³tXmXn \in¸n¡s¸«p. C¶v ]ÝnaL«§fpsS _lp`qcn]£w {]tZi§fpw Ces]mgnbpw ImSpIÄ t]mepÅ ZznXob h\amb hyhØtbm, tXm«hnfIfpsSAS¡apÅ GsX¦nepw ac§fpsS BhcWw ImWs¸Sp¶htbm BWv.

cWvSmw temIalmbp²t¯mS\p_Ôn¨pWvSmb {]tXyI km¼¯nI kmaqlnI kmlNcy§fmWv kaXe§fn \n¶pw ]ÝnaL«§fnse ae{¼tZi§fnte¡v h³tXmXnepÅ IpSntbäw XzcnXs¸Sp¯nbXv. tXm«w taJe hym]n¨Xns\ XpSÀ¶pWvSmb tdmUv kuIcy§fpw PesshZypX ]²XnIÄ¡pthWvSn IqSpX {]tZi§Ä sh«nshfp¸n¨Xpw IpSntbä¯n\v A\pIqeamb kmlNcyapWvSm¡n. Ignª 100 hÀjambn IqSpX IrjnsN¿p¶Xn\mbn BfpIÄ tIcf¯nsâ Ing¡³ taJeIfnte¡p IpSntbdp¶pWvSv. tIcf¯nse XoctZi taJesbmgnsIbpÅ {]tZi§sfÃmw Xs¶ cWvSp \qämWvSn\pap¼p hsc h\{]tZi§fmbncp¶p. P\kwJymhÀ[\hnsâ k½À±w IqSpX {]tZi§sf P\hmktI{µ§fm¡n. ASp¯Imew hsc tIcfobcpsS apJy D]Poh\amÀKw Irjnbmbncp¶XpsImWvSv IpSntbdnb {]tZi§fnseÃmw IÀjIÀ s]m¶phnfbn¨p. cWvSmw temIalmbp²¯n\p tijapÅ ImÂ\qämWvSpImew tIcf¯nse IÀjI IpSntbäw IqSpX hym]Iambn. \mWyhnfIsf t{]mÕmln¸n¡p¶ kÀ¡mÀ \bhpw tImfWnIÄ Øm]n¨v kÀ¡mÀ taÂt\m«¯n \S¸m¡nb t{Km tamÀ ^pUv Im¼bn³ t]mepÅ ]²XnIfpw IpSntbä¯n\v A\pIqeamb kmlNcyw krjvSn¨p. ]cnØnXn t_m[hpw ssPhsshhn[y kwc£W¯nsâ {]m[m\yhpsam¶pw kaql¯n C¶s¯t¸mse hym]Iambn thtcmSnbn«nÃm¯ Hcp ImeL«¯nembncp¶p tIcf¯nse ae{¼tZi§fnte¡pÅ IpSntbäw. AXnPoh\¯nsâ `mKambn \S¯nb B ]emb\w h\hpw ]cnØnXnbpw \in¸n¡m³ thWvSn Bkq{XnXambn \S¸m¡nb Hcp KqV]²Xnsbm¶paÃmbncp¶p. h³InStXm«§fpw h³PesshZypX ]²XnIfpw h\hn`h§sf ASnØm\am¡nbpÅ hyhkmb§fpw tNÀ¶v ]ÝnaL«§fn \S¯nb h\\ioIcWhpambn XmcXayw sN¿pt¼mÄ IpSntbä IÀjIÀ \S¯nb ]cnØnXn hn\miw XmcXtay\ sNdpXmWv. ]ÝnaL«§fnse tXm«§Ä GIhnf Irjn k{¼Zmbw hym]n¸n¨t¸mÄ IqSntbä IÀjIÀ ^ehr£§fpw \mWyhnfIfpw `£yhnfIfpw hfÀ¯parK§fpsaÃmw IqSnt¨À¶ ]cnØnXn kulrZ]camb ho«phf¸nse IrjnbnemWv {i²tI{µoIcn¨Xv.

tIcf¯nse IpSntbä taJeIfnse IÀjIcpsS aqt¶m \mtem Xeapd ]n¶nSpt¼mgmWv Cu {]tZi§fnse Irjn`qanIfpw tXm«§fpsaÃmw GsäSp¯v h\CS\mgnIfpw _^ÀtkmWpIfpsaÃmw Øm]n¡Wsa¶ apdhnfn ]etImWpIfn \n¶pw Dbcp¶Xv. tIcf¯n Ct¸mÄ apgph³ kab IÀjIÀ Gsd¡psd Ahtijn¨ncn¡p¶Xv IpSntbä taJeIfnemWv. Cu taJebn DWvSmIp¶ GXp {]XnIqe kmlNcyhpw tIcf¯nse Irjn¡v Xncn¨SnbpWvSm¡pw. tIcf¯nse kaXe{]tZi§fnse P\kwJym k½À±w hensbmcfhphsc Ipd¨Xv Ignª Ime§fnse IpSntbäambncp¶p. ]ÝnaL«§fnse ]cnØnXn ZpÀ_e taJeIfnse IÀjIsc IpSnbnd¡n h\w ]p\xØm]n¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸Sp¶hÀ Cu IÀjIsc FhnsS IpSnbncp¯psa¶pIqSn ]dtbWvSXpWvSv. CSp¡nþhb\mSv PnÃIfnse H¶mw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIfn am{Xw 20 e£t¯mfw P\§Ä A[nhkn¡p¶pWvSv. h\h¡cW¯n\pw ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\pambn \nb{´W§Ä GÀs¸Sp¯nbm ChcpsS D]Poh\ kpc£nXXzw Bcv Dd¸m¡pw? IpSnbndt¡WvSnh¶m Chsc FhnsS ]p\c[nhkn¸n¡pw? tIcf¯nse aäp ]cnØnXn ZpÀ_e taJeIfnse IpSntbä IÀjIcpsS Imcy¯nepw Cu tNmZy§Ä {]kàamWv. ]ÝnaL«§fnse Hcp h\{]tZihpw kzm`mhnIambn ]p\xØm]n¡m\mhm¯XmsW¶ncns¡ Hcn¡Â h\ambncp¶ `q{]tZi§Ä hoWvSpw kzm`mhnI h\ambn amämsa¶ {]Xo£ tIhew acoNnIbmbn Ahtijn¡pItbbpÅq.

tIcf¯nse ]ÝnaL« ae{¼tZi§Ä am{Xaà Xoc{]tZi§fpw CS\mSpIfpsaÃmw Xo{hamb ]cnØnXn hn\mi¯nsâ ]SnbnemWv. hbÂ\nI¯epw aWÂJ\\hpw A\[nIrX Icn¦Â IzmdnIfpw Ip¶nSn¡epsaÃmw tIcf¯nse FÃm {]tZi§fnepw ImWmw. h\§tfmsSm¸w Xs¶ ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n \nÀ®mbI {]m[m\yapÅhbmWv s\ÂhbepIfpw X®oÀ¯S§fpw. tIcf¯n 1980  8 e£w slIvSÀ Øe¯v s\ÂhbepIfpWvSmbncp¶Xv Ignª hÀjw 2.13 e£w slIvSdnte¡v Npcp§n. 30 hÀj¯n\nSbn tIcf¯n Bdpe£t¯mfw slIvSÀ Øe¯mWv s\ÂIrjn CÃmsXbmbXv. \nI¯s¸« s\ÂhbepIfpsS knwl`mKhpw ]ÝnaL«§Ä¡p ]pd¯pÅ kaXe§fnse \Kc§tfmSp tNÀ¶ {]tZi§fnemWv. ]ÝnaL«§fpsS ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\pthWvSn h³tXmXn IpSnbnd¡v \S¯Wsa¶p hmZn¡p¶hÀ ]cnØnXn kwc£n¡m³ X®oÀ¯S§fpw s\ÂhbepIfpw Xncn¨p]nSn¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸Sm¯Xv XnIª Cc«¯m¸mWv.

tIcf¯nse IpSntbäw Hcp Häs¸« kw`haÃ. ]ÝnaL«§fnse aäp kwØm\§fnse ae{¼tZi§fnepw CtXImeL«¯n h³tXmXnepÅ IpSntbäapWvSmbn«pWvSv. temINcn{Xw ]cntim[n¨m Atacn¡bpw emän\tacn¡³ cmPy§fpapÄs¸sSbpÅ ]e cmPy§fpw cq]s¸«Xpw hnIkn¨Xpw IpSntbä¯nsâ ^eambn«msW¶p ImWmw. kwØm\§Ä¡I¯pÅ IpSntbäw C´ybnse FÃm kwØm\§fnepw \S¡p¶pWvSv. D]Poh\ kpc£nXXz¯n\pw km¼¯nI kpc£nXXz¯n\pw thWvSnbpÅ P\§fpsS At\zjWbm{XIÄ F¡me¯papWvSmbn«pWvSv. ap³Ime§fn Ncn{X]camb ImcW§fm kw`hn¨n«pÅ FÃmhn[ IpSntbä§fpw AwKoIcn¨psImWvSpXs¶ Cu {]tZi§fnse P\§fpsS ]qÀ® ]¦mfn¯t¯msS ]cnØnXnbpw ssPhsshhn[yhpw kwc£n¡pIbmWv Gähpw {]mtbmKnIamb kao]\w.

]cnØnXn ]p\xØm]\¯n\pthWvSn IpSntbä IÀjIsc h³tXmXn IpSnbnd¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸Sp¶Xpt]mse Xs¶ A]e]\obamWv ]ÝnaL«§fnse ae\ncIfn Hcp hn[¯nepÅ ]cnØnXn kwc£W \S]SnIfpw A\phZn¡nsö \ne]mSpw. Irjnbpw ]cnØnXnbpw Hcp t]mse kwc£n¡p¶ \S]SnIfmWv Cu {]tZi§fpsS \ne\n¸n\v Bhiyw. hnthN\anÃm¯ DuÀPnX IrjncoXnIfpw h³tXmXnepÅ ]cnØnXn \ioIcWhpw aäp kwØm\§sf¡mÄ tIcf¯nse ]ÝnaL« {]tZi§fn IqSpXemWv. Cu {]tZi§fnse Ahtijn¡p¶ {]mYanI h\§Ä Hcn©pt]mepw kwc£n¡s¸SWw. ssPhsshhn[yw kwc£W¯n\v IÀjI ]¦mfn¯t¯msSbpÅ h³ ]²XnIÄ thWw. hr£¯e¸pIÄ h³tXmXn apdn¨pamäns¡mWvSpÅ DuÀPnX IrjncoXnIÄ \ncpÕmls¸Sp¯Ww. Cu taJebnse Irjn BZmbIcambn \S¯ns¡mWvSpt]mIp¶Xn\pÅ ssPhIrjn ]mt¡PpIÄ hnkn¸ns¨Sp¡Ww. hn]W\¯n\pw aqeyhÀ[\hn\pw IÀjIÀ¡v klmbw \ÂIWw. hr£§fpw ImÀjnI hnfIfpw tNÀ¶ kwtbmPnX Øehn\ntbmK {Iaamb At{Kmt^mdkv{Sn AYhm ImÀjnI h\h¡cW ]cn]mSnIÄ¡,v ]ÝnaL«§fnse ]cnØXn ]p\xØm]\¯n\v ap³KW\ \ÂIWw. tXm«§fnse Xcnip`qanIfnepw ImÀjnI h\h¡cW coXnIÄ \S¸m¡Ww. IÀjIsc i{Xp]£¯m¡ns¡mWvSpÅ ]cnØnXn kwc£W \S]SnIÄ hn]coX ^ew am{Xta krjvSn¡q F¶v Xncn¨dnªpsImWvSpthWw Cu taJebnse hnhn[ ]²XnIÄ \S¸m¡m³.

F§s\bpWvSm¡mw ^vtfthUv tX§m¸mÂ
arKP\y ]mepXv]¶§Ä¡v ]Icambn D]tbmKn¡p¶ kkyP\y ]mepXvv]¶amb \mfntIc Pyqkn\v (tX§m¸mÂ){]m[m\ytadp¶p. BtcmKy]camb KpWta·IfmWv \mfntIc Pyqkn\pÅXv. hnhn[ ^vtfhdpIfne...
s]¬\mbv¡fnse {]XypXv]mZ\ {]iv\§Ä
\mSp apgph³ sXcphp\mbv¡Ä `ojWnbmIp¶p F¶ hmÀ¯ ]{X¯mfpIfn \ndbpt¼mÄ a\kn hcp¶ Nn{Xw [mcmfw Ipªp§sf s]äpIq«p¶ s]¬]«nbpsS t]dnsâ Nn{Xambncn¡pw. F¶m ]e ap´nb P\pk...
ssPhIrjn imkv{Xobam¡m³ A_vsSIv
ssPhIrjn F§s\ sNehpIpd¨v imkv{Xobambn sN¿mw. IÀjIÀ hfsc \mfpIfmbn tNmZn¨psImWvSncn¡p¶ tNmZyamWnXv. CXn\v imkv{Xobambn Xs¶ ]cnlmcw IsWvS¯n¯cnIbmWv Cu cwKs¯ AXnIm...
tIm«bw ao³Idn
ao³ hr¯nbm¡n apdn¨p IgpInsbSp¡pI. Nph¶pÅnbpw C©nbpw shfp¯pÅnbpw IqsS NXbv¡pI. Hcp N«nbn shfns¨® NqSm¡n ISpIpw Idnth¸nebpw Xmfn¡pI. AXnte¡p NX¨ Nph¶pÅnbpw C©nb...
sNmdnbpw tN\ KpWhpw \evIpw
]et¸mgpw sNmdnbpw tN\ sb \½psS ImbvIdn ]¨¡dnIfn \n¶v \mw sNmdnªv amän \nÀ¯p¶p. F¶m \madnbp¶nà A¶P¯nsâ Iehfbmb Cu a®nse \n[nbn ]mÝmXytcsd B{ibn¡p¶ Dcpf¡ng§nt\...
tXm«hnfsb N«nbnem¡n Aehn¡
Irjnt¯m«§fnepw ho«papäs¯ ac¯nepw am{XamWv \mw IpcpapfIpsNSn hfcp¶Xp IWvSn«pÅXv. F¶m hb\mSv I¸ä KmÔn\KÀ tdmUv am«n AehnbpsS ho«nse¯nbm IpcpapfIns\¡pdn¨pÅ [mc...
hcp¶p h\man sN½o\p \Ã Imew
aebmfnIfpsS DuWp taibn te¡v hntZi¯p\n¶pw Hcp C\w sN½o³ IqSn F¯nbncn¡p¶p. im´kap{Z¯nsâ Ing¡³ `mK§fn ImWs¸Sp¶ h\man sN½o\pIfmWv tIcf¯nse ]mS§fnepw Ipf§fnepw \o...
ap¯paWnIÄ NqSn DZym\kpµcn
sNdnb ap¯paWnIÄ ]nSn¸n¨ \of³ XWvSpIÄ ImgvN¡v Hcp ap¯pame t]msetbm s\¢kv t]msetbm tXm¶pw. BZyw ImWp¶hÀ ap¯paWnIfm AewIrXbmb Cu kkykpµcnsb ImWpt¼mÄ AÛpXw Iqdpw. ...
PmXn : ssI s]mÅmXn¡m³ s]mSnss¡Ifpambn IÀjIÀ
PmXnhne CSnªXnsâ ]ncnapdp¡¯nemWv ]e IÀjIcpw. F¶m {]XnkÔnItfmSv ]Ssh«m³ ioen¨ IÀjIcn NneÀ CXn\v Nne adpacp¶pIÄ IsWvS¯n. DXv]mZ\w hÀ[n¸n¨m \neh...
`£ykpc£bv¡mbn \Kc§fnepw ]¨¡dn Irjn
\½psS kwØm\w asämcp lcnX hn¹h¯nsâ ]mXbnemWv. kpc£nX `£Wsa¶ Bibw Gähpa[nIw \S¸nem¡p¶Xv ]¨¡dn taJebnemWv. Xcnip \ne§fnepw, kvIqfpIfnepw, ho«papä¯pw ^vfmäpIfn t]m...
_menbpsS kz´w kem¡v ]gw
\½psS \m«n A]qÀhambn ImWm³ Ignbp¶ Hcp Ct´mt\jy³ sNSnbmWv kem¡v. Pmh, kpam{X, _menbmWv P·tZiw. ]\hr£¯nÂs¸« sNSnbmWv. sNSnbpsS Nph«nemWv ]gw DWvSmIp¶Xv. C¶v temI...
Pd_d: t]mfnluknepw
hmWnPymSnØm\¯nepÅ ]pjv]Irjnbn ap³\ncbn \n¡p¶Xv Xangv\mSpw IÀWmSIbpamWv. ChnsS DXv]mZn¸n¡p¶ ]pjv]§fn `qcn`mKhpw tIcf¯nse ]pjv]amÀ¡äpIfnemWv F¯p¶Xv. hnhn[Xc¯n...
skdns^Uv Xncn¨phcp¶p; tIcfw ]«p]pXbv¡ptam?
tIcf¯n ]«p\qÂ]pgphfÀ¯epw ]«p\q \nÀamWhpw \S¯nbncp¶ skdns^Uv sslt¡mSXn hn[nbpsS ASnØm\¯n ]p\cpÖohn¸n¡m³ kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ HmÀUÀ Cd¡nbncn¡pIbmWv. 2010þ11 ImeL«¯n {]...
lcnXkzÀW¯nsâ Xnf¡apÅ \mSv
\qämWvSpIÄ ]g¡apÅ XncqÀ shänes]cpa tXSnbmbncp¶p bm{X. Xncqcnsâ km¼¯nI, kmaqlnI]ptcmKXnbpw shänehn]Wnbpw Cg]ncnªpInS¡p¶p. AXnÀ¯nIÄ XmWvSnb XncqÀ shänebpsS ta³a \...
ss{St¡mUÀa ho«n \nÀan¡mw
ssPh]¨¡dnIrjn¡mbn PohmWpIpanÄ \min\nbmb ss{St¡mUÀa kz´ambn DXv]mZn¸n¨v hnXcWw sN¿phm³ XbmdmIpIbmWv ]me¡mSv PnÃbnse B\¡c ]©mb¯nse HcpIq«w IÀjIÀ. Bß ]²XnbpsS Iogn...
ssPh ]¨¡dn Irjnbnse IpªncmambWw
]eXc¯nepÅ ]¨¡dnIÄ ssPhnI coXnbn Irjn sNbvXp hnPbw sIm¿p¶ Ipªncmta«sâ IYbmWnXv. ImkÀtKmUv PnÃbn DZpa ]©mb¯nse taÂ_mcbn {]mbw XfÀ¯m¯ Bßhnizhpambn _n. Ipªncma³....
hn¯ptX§ kw`cn¡m³ kabambn....
hn¯pKpWw ]¯pKpWw F¶p ]dbp¶Xpw, apfbnte Adnbmw hnf F¶p ]dbp¶Xpw sX§ns\ kw_Ôn¨v A¨«mWv. ImcWw Hcp a\pjymbpkv apgph³ hnfhp XtcWvS sX§nsâ hn¯pw ssXIfpw sXcsªSp¡pt¼m...
hben³ t]mse CeIÄ, XqshŸq¡Ä
tIcf¯nse KrtlmZym\§fn CubSp¯Ime¯v Gsd {]Nmcw t\Snb Hcp ]qs¨SnbpWvSv, {]tXyIn¨v ]pXpXmbn hoSphbv¡p¶hcmWv Cu ]qs¨SnbpsS Bcm[IÀ. an¡hmdpw ]pXnb hoSnsâ aXnent\mSp ...
aÕy, tImgn AhinjvS§Ä tImgn¯oäbm¡mw
aÕyw `qcn]£w tIcfobcpsSbpw Blmc¯nse Hcp {][m\ LSIamWv. C´ybpsS Btfmlcn aÕy D]tbmKw A©p Intem BsW¶ncns¡ tIcf¯n CXv 18.5 IntembmWv. tIcf¯n AwKoImcapÅ 2703 aÕy h...
sSdknse 1000 kvIzbÀ ^oän ]qhnSp¶Xv 2000 HmÀ¡nUpIÄ
GXp kab¯pw Irjn XpS§mw, hÀW§fpsS ambnI temI¯v a\kns\ DÃkn¡m³ hnSmw. sNehmIp¶Xn¡qSpX hcpam\apWvSm¡mw. at®m, {]tXyIn¨v Øetam BhiyanÃ. C{Xsbms¡t¸mtc Hcp Irjn XpS...
hnÚm\ hym]\ ]²XnbneqsS hnPbhpambn eoUv IÀjIÀ
tIcf IrjnhIp¸v 1980 ImeL«¯n \S¸nem¡nb T & V t{]m{Kmw Irjn hnÚm\ hym]\¯n\v ]pXnb apJw \ÂIpIbpWvSmbn. ImÀjnI taJebn A\pZn\w c...
hn]Wn IsWvS¯m³ 11 X{´§Ä
R§Ä ssPhIrjncoXn D]tbmKn¨v IrjnsNbvXp. At¸mgmWv IoS§fpsS B{IaWw. Iptd hnfhp \in¨p. _m¡nbpÅh hn]Wnbnse¯n¨t¸mgmIs«, ]n¨¡mtcmSp s]cpamdp¶Xpt]mse IS¡mcsâ s]cpamäw. ...
sS³j³amän kpJ\n{Z \ÂIp¶ Ae¦mcs¨SnIÄ
Dd¡¡pdhv, sS³j³, kvs{Skv CsXÃmw ]ckv]cw _Ôs¸«p InS¡p¶ {]iv\§fmWv. Gsd kaÀ±w A\p`hn¡p¶ bphm¡Ä¡mWv IqSpXembpw C¯cw {]iv\§Ä t\cnSp¶Xv. kvs{Skpw sS³j\pw IqSp¶Xv Dd¡...
PmXn IcIbdpw, IcpXÂ {][m\w
hnebnSnhp aqew {]XnkÔnbnemb PmXn¡ hn]Wn IcIbä kqN\IÄ \ÂIn XpS§n. Ignª 10 Znhk¯n\pÅn PmXn¡hne Intembv¡v 50 cq] hÀ[n¨p. Cu {]hWX XpScpsa¶pw amÀ¨vþ G{]n hnfshSp¸...
AWs¡«pIsf aÕykar²am¡mw
arKP\yamwky¯n\mbn 49 iXam\w Gjy¡mcpw B{ibn¡p¶Xv aÕys¯bmWv. temI¯v arKP\y amwkyw \ÂIp¶Xn Bdmw Øm\amWv aÕy¯n\pÅXvv. temI¯v Gähpw IqSpX aÕyw Xt±inbambn DXv]mZn¸n...
B¬\mbv¡sf hfÀ¯mw, DintcmsS
P\{]nbcmb ap´nb C\§fnÂs¸« ]mc¼cyKpWapÅ B¬\mbv¡sf AYhm ÌUv tUmKpIsf sI¶epIfn ]cn]men¨v Ahsb CWtNÀ¡m³ D]tbmKn¡p¶ tkh\w sXmgnembn kzoIcn¨ncn¡p¶ \nch[n \mb t{]anIf...
icocw kpKÔ]qcnXam¡pw sI¸Â ]gw
Ct´mt\jybnse PmhbpsS am{Xw kz´amWv sI¸Â (Burahol). km[mcW FÃm ]g§fpw BlmcamWv. F¶m Cu ]gw acp¶mbpw icoc¯n\p kpKÔw \evIphm\pamb...
kntbm¬apWvSnþtPmÀPnsâ kz´w IpcpapfIn\w
{ZpXhm«s¯ {]Xntcm[n¡pw, enäÀ shbväv IqSpw, hen¸apÅ Ch\v \à Idp¸p \ndamWv, Xncn\ofhpw tNmebv¡pÅn hnfbm\pÅ Ignhpw Gsd. thKw sImgns¨Sp¡msa¶ {]tXyIXbpw. CXv GsX¦ne...
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Hmd©p IeÀ¶ Nph¸p \nd¯n Ipgept]mse \oWvS ]q¡Ä, IpXn¨pNmSp¶ ao\pItfmSv kmZriyapÅ ]q¡Ä hnS¯p¶ ]qs¨Sn¡v tKmÄUv ^njv sNSn F¶v klrZbÀ t]cn«Xn AZv`pXanÃ. ZoÀLmbpkpÅ ...
hnIvSdn h¬ \qX\ IrjnapdIÄ
hnIvSdn h¬ aÄ_dn s¨Sn bneqsS _meIr jvW³ t\SnbXv ]«n s]mXnª Fþ¹kv. ]«p \qÂ]pgphfÀ¯Â Bcw`n¨v \mep_m¨v Ignbpt¼mÄ icm icn hnfshSp¸v iXam\w 116. kwØm\s¯ icmicn hnfs...
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