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]cnØnXn kwc£n¡m³ IÀjIsc IpSnbnd¡tWm ?
tUm. tPmkv tPmk^v

{]^kÀ B³Uv slUv, hnÚm\hym]\hn`mKw, ImÀjnI tImfPv, ]S¶¡mSv

KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«pw s\Ãnbm¼Xn FtÌäv hnhmZ§fpw IpSntbä taJeIfnse IÀjIÀ¡nSbn Bi¦bpsS \ngepIÄ ]c¯nbncn¡pIbmWv. KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«v tI{µþkwØm\ Kh¬saâpIÄ A´naambn AwKoIcn¨n«nsænepw ]ÝnaL«§fnse hnhn[ ]²XnIÄ¡v dnt¸mÀ«n \nÀt±in¨ncn¡p¶ hyhØIÄ¡\pkcn¨p am{Xta A\paXn \ÂImhq F¶v tZiob {Ko³ ss{S_yqW CXn\Iw HcnS¡me D¯chneqsS hyàam¡n¡gnªp. Irjn¡pw \nÀ½mW{]hÀ¯\§Ä¡pw KmUvKn I½nän \nÀt±in¨ncn¡p¶ \nb{´W§Ä ]ÝnaL«§fnse ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIfn DS³ Xs¶ \S¸m¡Wsa¶mWv Hcp hn`mKw ]cnØnXn {]hÀ¯IcpsS Bhiyw. CtXmsSm¸w h\yarK§fpsS CS\mgnIÄ ]p\xØm]n¡p¶Xn\pw kwc£nX tI{µ§Ä¡pNpäpw _^À tkmWpIÄ GÀs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pw aäpambn Cu {]tZi§fnse IpSntbäw Hgn¸n¡Wsa¶pw ChÀ Bhiys¸Sp¶p. \nXyhr¯n¡pw D]Poh\ kpc£nXXz¯n\pw thWvSn aqt¶m \mtem XeapdIÄ¡p ap¼v tIcf¯nse hnhn[ PnÃIfnse ae{¼tZi§fn {]XnIqeImemhØtbmSpw h\yarK§tfmSpw aÃn«v IpSntbdnb e£¡W¡n\v IpSntbä IÀjIsc `qanIt¿ä¡mcpw `qam^nbbpsS hàm¡fpambn Nn{XoIcn¡p¶Xv tIcf¯n ASp¯Ime¯v hmNItafbneqsS ]cnØnXn kwc£Ww \S¯p¶hcpsS CSbn Hcp ^mj\mbn amdnbn«pWvSv. hmkvXh¯n tIcf¯nsâ ImÀjnI taJebpsS \s«ÃmWv IpSntbä taJebnse IÀjIÀ. ]cnØnXnbpsS t]cn Cu IÀjIsc t{Zmln¡m\pÅ GsXmcp \o¡hpw Irjnsbbpw ]cnØnXnsbbpw Hcpt]mse XIÀ¡pItb DÅq.

cmPys¯ ae{¼tZi§fpsS 65 iXam\hpw h\ambn kwc£n¡pIbmWv tZiob e£ysa¶v KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. ]ÝnaL«§fpsS {]tXyIamb ]cnØnXn {]m[m\yw IW¡nseSp¯v ChnSs¯ h\§fpsS hnkvXrXn sam¯w hnkvXrXnbpsS 75 iXam\sa¦nepambn DbÀ¯Wsa¶mWv KmUvKn I½nänbpsS in]mÀi. h\t¯m«§Ä DÄs¸sS tIcf¯nse Ct¸mgs¯ h\hnkvXrXn tIcf¯nsâ sam¯w `qhnkvXrXnbpsS GItZiw 30 iXam\t¯mfw hcpw. Ignª Ipsd¡meambn tIcf¯nsâ h\hnkvXrXn henb amä§fnÃmsX Gsd¡psd Øncambn \n¡pIbmWv. tIcf¯nsâ h\hnkvXrXn KmUvKn I½nän in]mÀisN¿p¶Xpt]mse 75 iXam\ambn DbÀ¯Wsa¦n dnt¸mÀ«n ]mcnØnXnI hnteme taJeIfmbn kqNn¸n¡p¶ {]tZi§fnse Irjn`qan h³tXmXn IpSnsbmgn¸nt¡WvSnhcpw. CXv {]mtbmKnIamtWm F¶XmWv {]kàamb H¶mas¯ tNmZyw. C§s\ IpSnsbmgn¸n¡m³ XpS§nbm Xs¶ GXp XobXn¡p ap¼pÅ IpSntbä§Ä Hgn¸nt¡WvSnhcpsa¶XmWv cWvSmas¯ tNmZyw. 1977 \p ap¼pÅ IpSntbä§Ä¡v \nbakm[pX \ÂIn ssIhi`qan¡v IÀjIÀ¡v ]«bw \ÂIm\pÅ Xocpam\w hfsc ap¼pXs¶ kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ FSp¯n«pÅXmWv. Cu kmlNcy¯n h\kwc£W¯nsâ t]cn IpSntbä IÀjIsc Hgn¸n¡Wsa¶ hmZw Cu taJebn ]pXnb kwLÀj§Ä¡v hgnsXfn¡pItbDÅq.

tIcf¯nse 633 Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä KmUvKn I½nän \nÀt±in¨ ]mcnØnXnI ZpÀ_e taJeIfn DÄs¸Sp¶psh¶v "]ÝnaL« hnZKv[ kanXn dnt¸mÀ«v' tIcf¯n\p {]kàamb `mK§Ä F¶ t]cn tIcf kwØm\ ssPhsshhn[yt_mÀUv {]kn²oIcn¨ dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. Be¸pg HgnsIbpÅ tIcf¯nse 13 PnÃIfnepw ]ÝnaL«hpambn _Ôs¸« ]mcnØnXnI ZpÀ_e taJeIfpWvSv. CSp¡n PnÃbnse FÃm ]©mb¯pIfpw, sXmSp]pg ap\nkn¸menänbpw KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«v {]ImcapÅ H¶mas¯ ]mcnØnXnI ZpÀ_e taJebnemWv. H¶mw taJebn tIcfsam«msI 158 Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§fmWv hcp¶sX¶v dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. cWvSmw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJebn 268 ]©mb¯pIfpw aq¶mw taJebn 439 ]©mb¯pIfpw DÄs¸Sp¶p. hb\mSv PnÃbnse 27 ]©mb¯pIfn 23 Dw H¶mw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJebnemWv. Xncph\´]pcw tImÀ¸tdjsâ Nne `mK§fpw s\Spa§mSv ap\nkn¸menänbpsaÃmw H¶mw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJebn DÄs¸Spw. IÀi\ \nb{´W§Ä in]mÀi sNbvXncn¡p¶ ]cnØnXn hnteme taJe H¶nepw cWvSnepw s]Sp¶ ]©mb¯pIfpsS _lp`qcn]£hpw tIcf¯nse {][m\s¸« IpSntbä taJe IfmWv. ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\v ChnsS IpSnbnd¡v DÄs¸sSbpÅ \S]SnIÄ thWsa¶v Nne ]cnØnXn kwLS\IÄ Hfnªpw sXfn ªpw ]dbp¶p. KmUvKn I½nän ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIÄ¡p ]pdsa tIcf¯nse hnhn[ PnÃIfnembn 18 kwc£nX tI{µ§fpw \nÀt±in¨n«pWvSv. h\yPohn kwc£Whpambn _Ôs¸« Cu kwc£nX tI{µ§Ä (Proteted Areas) kw_Ôn¨ hyàamb \nÀt±i§Ä KmUvKn I½nän \ÂInbn«nÃ. ]\¯Sn, {_ÒKncnþXncps\Ãn, hb\mSv, _mWmkpcþIpäymSn, \ne¼qÀþta¸mSn, sskeâv hmenþ \yq Aac¼ew, incphmWn, s\Ãnbmw]Xn, ]o¨nþhmgm\n, AXnc¸nÅnþhmg¨mÂ, ]qbwIp«nþaq¶mÀ, ImÀUaw lnÂkv, s]cnbmÀ, Ipf¯q¸pg, AKkvXyae XpS§nb kwc£nX tI{µ§fnepw Ahbv¡p NpäpapÅ ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIfnepambn 91 Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä DÄs¡mÅp¶p. Cu {]tZi§fpw tIcf¯nse {][m\s¸« IpSntbä taJeIfmWv.

ctWvSm AXne[nItam h\yPohn BhmktI{µ§sf ]pcmX\ Imew apXÂt¡ X½n _Ôn¸n¡p¶Xpw h\yPohnIÄ Cu Bhmk hyhØIfneqsS At\ym\w IS¡p¶Xpamb {]tZi§fmWv h\CS\mgnIÄ. AcphnIÄ, \ZnbpsS DdhnS§Ä, \ZnIÄ F¶nhsbÃmw h\yPohnIfpsS CS\mgnIfmWv. h\yPohnIfpsS CS\mgnIsf¶v Ct¸mÄ hntijn¸n¡s¸Sp¶ ]e {]tZi§fpw Imem´c¯n IpSntbäs¯ XpSÀ¶v \n_nU P\hmkapÅ ImÀjnI {]tZi§fmbn amdnbhbmWv. cWvSp h\{]tZi§Ä¡nSbnepÅ h\ CS\mgnIfnse IpSntbäw Hgn¸n¨v B {]tZi§sf h\am¡n amän h\CS\mgnIÄ ]p\xØm]n¡Wsa¶XmWv ]cnØnXn hmZnIfpsS asämcp Bhiyw. s\Ãnbm¼Xn {]tZiw ]d¼n¡pfw ISphmkt¦X¯nte¡pÅ h\C\SmgnbmbXn\m Cu {]tZis¯ 10,000 G¡tdmfw IpSntbäw Hgn¸n¨v CXv h\`qanbm¡n amäWsa¶mWv Bhiyw. C§s\ sNbvXm ISph, B\ XpS§nb h\yPohnIÄ¡v ]d¼n¡pfw h\taJebv¡v ]pdt¯¡pw AIt¯¡pw btYjvSw k©cn¡m\mhpsa¶v ChÀ hmZn¡p¶p. tIcf¯nse aäp {][m\s¸« h\taJeItfmSp tNÀ¶pw C¯cw h\CS\mgnIfpWvSv.

CSp¡n PnÃbnse ImÀUaw lnÂkv F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ {]tZihpw CXpt]mepÅ Hcp h\CS\mgnbmsW¶mWv hmZw. aXnsI«m³ h\taJebn \n¶pw tX¡Sn s]cnbmÀ ISphmkt¦X¯nte¡pÅ h\CS\mgn bmWs{X ImÀUaw lnÂkv F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ GeaeIÄ. N¡p]Åw, ]m¼mSpw]md, hWvSt·Sv, IcpWm]pcw, s\Sp¦WvSw, DSp¼³tNme, im´³]md F¶o ]©mb¯pIfnse 606 NXpc{iIntemanäÀ {]tZiw kwc£nX h\taJebmbn amänbm aXnsI«m\n \n¶pw tX¡Snbnte¡pÅ h\CS\mgn ]p\xØm]n¡m\mhpw Cu taJebnse a\pjyhmksamgnhm¡nbm h\yarK§Ä¡v aXnsI«m\pw tX¡Sn¡panSbn btYjvSw k©cn¡m³ kmlNcysamcp§pw. 2010  DSp¼³tNme Xmeq¡n kwØm\ ssPhsshhn[y t_mÀUv \S¸m¡nb I½yqWnän dnkÀ¨v ]²Xn Hcp amXrIm]²Xnbmbn KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«n NqWvSn¡mWn¡p¶pWvSv. {]mtZinI _tbm ssUthgvknän amt\Pvsaâv I½nänIÄ, {XnXe ]©mb¯pIÄ F¶nhsb kwØm\ _tbm ssUthgvknän t_mÀUv, tZiob _tbmsskthgvknän t_mÀUv F¶nhbpambn _Ôs¸Sp¯n ssPhsshhn[yw kwc£n¡p¶ amXrIm]²XnbmWnsX¶v dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. Geae¡mSpIfnse A]qÀÆamb ssPhsshhn[yw P\Iob ]¦mfn¯t¯msS kwc£n¡pIbmWv Cu amXrIm]²XnbpsS e£ysa¶v kwØm\ _tbm ssUthgvknän t_mÀUv ASnhcbn«p ]dbp¶psWvS¦nepw aXnsI«m\pw tX¡Sn¡panSbn h\yPohn CS\mgn ]p\xØm]n¡pIbmWv CXnsâ ]n¶nse KqVe£ysa¶v IÀjIkwLS\IÄ Btcm]n¡p¶p. Ct¸mÄ Xs¶ tIcf¯nse ]e IpSntbä taJeIfnepw h\yPohn B{IaW¯m Irjn\miw hym]Iambn kw`hn¡p¶pWvSv. ]WvSpIme¯v \ne\n¶ncp¶psh¶p ]dbs¸Sp¶ h\yPohn CS\mgnIÄ ]p\xØm]n¨m kao]{]tZi§fnseÃmw Irjn Akm[yambn¯ocpsa¶mWv IÀjIcpsS `oXn.

h\yarK kt¦X§Ä, tZiob ]mÀ¡pIÄ, kwc£nX taJeIÄ XpS§nb kwc£nX tI{µ§fpsS AXncpIfn \n¶v 10 IntemaoäÀ hscbpÅ {]tZi§Ä k½À± \ntcm[nX _^À tkmWpIfmbnamäWsa¶ \nÀt±ihpw KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«nepWvSv. s\Ãnbm¼Xn ]d¼n¡pfw h\yPohn kwc£WtI{µ¯nsâ _^ÀtkmWmbn amdp¶Xpt]mse tX¡Sn, CSp¡n XpS§nb h\yarKtI{µ§fpsSbpw aäv kwc£nX taJeIfpsSbpw 10 IntemaoäÀ hscbpÅ {]tZi§Ä _^ÀtkmWpIfmbn amtäWvSnhcpw. bps\kvtImbpsS temI ss]XrI ]«nIbnte¡v \nÀt±in¡s¸« {]tZi§fpsS 10 IntemaoäÀ hsc ZqscbpÅ {]tZi§fnepw C¯cw k½À±\ntcm[nX _^ÀtkmWpIÄ Øm]nt¡WvSnhcpw. Hcp ]cnØnXnþP\kulrZ ]cn]me\ kwhn[m\amWv _^À tkmWpIfn cq]w sImtÅWvSsX¶mWv KmUvKn I½nänbpsS in]mÀi. Hcp {]tZis¯ \oÀamdn {]tZi§Ä, {Kma§fpsS AXncpIÄ F¶nh IW¡nseSp¯pw P\Iob A[nImcØm]\§fpsS A`n{]mb§fpsS ASnØm\¯nepw thWw _^À tkmWpIÄ \nÝbn¡m³. kwc£nXn]cnØnXn {][m\ tI{µ§fpsS 10 IntemaoäÀ Zqcw hsc _^À tkmWpIÄ cq]oIcn¡m\pÅ \nÀt±i§fpw ^e¯n Cu taJebnse Irjnbpw D]Poh\{]hÀ¯\§fpw Akm[yam¡n¯oÀ¡pw.

]s¯m¼Xmw \qämWvSnsâ Bcw`¯n AXmbXv 200 hÀjw ap¼v tIcf¯nsâ `qhnkvXrXnbpsS 75 iXam\hpw h\{]tZi§fmbncp¶p. 100 hÀjw sImWvSv AXv t\À]IpXnbmbn Ipdªp. Cu ImeL«¯nsem¶pw tIcf¯nse IpSntbäw Bcw`n¨n«nÃ. ]s¯m¼Xmw \qämWvSnsâ Ahkm\hpw Ccp]Xmw \qämWvSnsâ Bcw`¯nepw ]ÝnaL«§fnte¡v {_n«ojpImÀ tXbnet¯m«§fpw Im¸nt¯m«§fpw Øm]n¡m³ IS¶ph¶tXmsSbmWv ]ÝnaL«§fnse h\§Ä h³tXmXn apdn¨pamäs¸«Xv. ]ÝnaL«§fnse `q{]IrXnbnepWvSmb h³tXmXnepÅ amäw 1750 apX XpÀ¨bmbn \S¶phcp¶ Hcp {]{InbbmsW¶v KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«n Xs¶ ]dbp¶papWvSv. tIcfw, IÀ®mSIw, Xangv\mSv F¶o ]ÝnaL« kwØm\§fn \S¯nb Hcp ]T\¯n \n¶pw hyàambXv 1920 \pw 90 \panSbn Xs¶ ]ÝnaL«§fnse {]mYanI h\§fpsS 40 iXam\hpw aämhiy§Ä¡pthWvSn amäs¸«p F¶mWv. C¶v ]ÝnaL«§fnse GgpiXam\¯n Xmsg {]tZi§Ä am{Xsa {]mYanI h\§fmbn IW¡m¡s¸Sp¶pÅq. 1950 \pw 1980 \pw CSbn h\hn`h§sf ASnØm\am¡nbpÅ t]¸À, XSn, ss¹hpUv XpS§nbhbv¡pthWvSnbpw h\§Ä h³tXmXn \in¸n¡s¸«p. C¶v ]ÝnaL«§fpsS _lp`qcn]£w {]tZi§fpw Ces]mgnbpw ImSpIÄ t]mepÅ ZznXob h\amb hyhØtbm, tXm«hnfIfpsSAS¡apÅ GsX¦nepw ac§fpsS BhcWw ImWs¸Sp¶htbm BWv.

cWvSmw temIalmbp²t¯mS\p_Ôn¨pWvSmb {]tXyI km¼¯nI kmaqlnI kmlNcy§fmWv kaXe§fn \n¶pw ]ÝnaL«§fnse ae{¼tZi§fnte¡v h³tXmXnepÅ IpSntbäw XzcnXs¸Sp¯nbXv. tXm«w taJe hym]n¨Xns\ XpSÀ¶pWvSmb tdmUv kuIcy§fpw PesshZypX ]²XnIÄ¡pthWvSn IqSpX {]tZi§Ä sh«nshfp¸n¨Xpw IpSntbä¯n\v A\pIqeamb kmlNcyapWvSm¡n. Ignª 100 hÀjambn IqSpX IrjnsN¿p¶Xn\mbn BfpIÄ tIcf¯nsâ Ing¡³ taJeIfnte¡p IpSntbdp¶pWvSv. tIcf¯nse XoctZi taJesbmgnsIbpÅ {]tZi§sfÃmw Xs¶ cWvSp \qämWvSn\pap¼p hsc h\{]tZi§fmbncp¶p. P\kwJymhÀ[\hnsâ k½À±w IqSpX {]tZi§sf P\hmktI{µ§fm¡n. ASp¯Imew hsc tIcfobcpsS apJy D]Poh\amÀKw Irjnbmbncp¶XpsImWvSv IpSntbdnb {]tZi§fnseÃmw IÀjIÀ s]m¶phnfbn¨p. cWvSmw temIalmbp²¯n\p tijapÅ ImÂ\qämWvSpImew tIcf¯nse IÀjI IpSntbäw IqSpX hym]Iambn. \mWyhnfIsf t{]mÕmln¸n¡p¶ kÀ¡mÀ \bhpw tImfWnIÄ Øm]n¨v kÀ¡mÀ taÂt\m«¯n \S¸m¡nb t{Km tamÀ ^pUv Im¼bn³ t]mepÅ ]²XnIfpw IpSntbä¯n\v A\pIqeamb kmlNcyw krjvSn¨p. ]cnØnXn t_m[hpw ssPhsshhn[y kwc£W¯nsâ {]m[m\yhpsam¶pw kaql¯n C¶s¯t¸mse hym]Iambn thtcmSnbn«nÃm¯ Hcp ImeL«¯nembncp¶p tIcf¯nse ae{¼tZi§fnte¡pÅ IpSntbäw. AXnPoh\¯nsâ `mKambn \S¯nb B ]emb\w h\hpw ]cnØnXnbpw \in¸n¡m³ thWvSn Bkq{XnXambn \S¸m¡nb Hcp KqV]²Xnsbm¶paÃmbncp¶p. h³InStXm«§fpw h³PesshZypX ]²XnIfpw h\hn`h§sf ASnØm\am¡nbpÅ hyhkmb§fpw tNÀ¶v ]ÝnaL«§fn \S¯nb h\\ioIcWhpambn XmcXayw sN¿pt¼mÄ IpSntbä IÀjIÀ \S¯nb ]cnØnXn hn\miw XmcXtay\ sNdpXmWv. ]ÝnaL«§fnse tXm«§Ä GIhnf Irjn k{¼Zmbw hym]n¸n¨t¸mÄ IqSntbä IÀjIÀ ^ehr£§fpw \mWyhnfIfpw `£yhnfIfpw hfÀ¯parK§fpsaÃmw IqSnt¨À¶ ]cnØnXn kulrZ]camb ho«phf¸nse IrjnbnemWv {i²tI{µoIcn¨Xv.

tIcf¯nse IpSntbä taJeIfnse IÀjIcpsS aqt¶m \mtem Xeapd ]n¶nSpt¼mgmWv Cu {]tZi§fnse Irjn`qanIfpw tXm«§fpsaÃmw GsäSp¯v h\CS\mgnIfpw _^ÀtkmWpIfpsaÃmw Øm]n¡Wsa¶ apdhnfn ]etImWpIfn \n¶pw Dbcp¶Xv. tIcf¯n Ct¸mÄ apgph³ kab IÀjIÀ Gsd¡psd Ahtijn¨ncn¡p¶Xv IpSntbä taJeIfnemWv. Cu taJebn DWvSmIp¶ GXp {]XnIqe kmlNcyhpw tIcf¯nse Irjn¡v Xncn¨SnbpWvSm¡pw. tIcf¯nse kaXe{]tZi§fnse P\kwJym k½À±w hensbmcfhphsc Ipd¨Xv Ignª Ime§fnse IpSntbäambncp¶p. ]ÝnaL«§fnse ]cnØnXn ZpÀ_e taJeIfnse IÀjIsc IpSnbnd¡n h\w ]p\xØm]n¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸Sp¶hÀ Cu IÀjIsc FhnsS IpSnbncp¯psa¶pIqSn ]dtbWvSXpWvSv. CSp¡nþhb\mSv PnÃIfnse H¶mw ]cnØnXn hnteme taJeIfn am{Xw 20 e£t¯mfw P\§Ä A[nhkn¡p¶pWvSv. h\h¡cW¯n\pw ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\pambn \nb{´W§Ä GÀs¸Sp¯nbm ChcpsS D]Poh\ kpc£nXXzw Bcv Dd¸m¡pw? IpSnbndt¡WvSnh¶m Chsc FhnsS ]p\c[nhkn¸n¡pw? tIcf¯nse aäp ]cnØnXn ZpÀ_e taJeIfnse IpSntbä IÀjIcpsS Imcy¯nepw Cu tNmZy§Ä {]kàamWv. ]ÝnaL«§fnse Hcp h\{]tZihpw kzm`mhnIambn ]p\xØm]n¡m\mhm¯XmsW¶ncns¡ Hcn¡Â h\ambncp¶ `q{]tZi§Ä hoWvSpw kzm`mhnI h\ambn amämsa¶ {]Xo£ tIhew acoNnIbmbn Ahtijn¡pItbbpÅq.

tIcf¯nse ]ÝnaL« ae{¼tZi§Ä am{Xaà Xoc{]tZi§fpw CS\mSpIfpsaÃmw Xo{hamb ]cnØnXn hn\mi¯nsâ ]SnbnemWv. hbÂ\nI¯epw aWÂJ\\hpw A\[nIrX Icn¦Â IzmdnIfpw Ip¶nSn¡epsaÃmw tIcf¯nse FÃm {]tZi§fnepw ImWmw. h\§tfmsSm¸w Xs¶ ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n \nÀ®mbI {]m[m\yapÅhbmWv s\ÂhbepIfpw X®oÀ¯S§fpw. tIcf¯n 1980  8 e£w slIvSÀ Øe¯v s\ÂhbepIfpWvSmbncp¶Xv Ignª hÀjw 2.13 e£w slIvSdnte¡v Npcp§n. 30 hÀj¯n\nSbn tIcf¯n Bdpe£t¯mfw slIvSÀ Øe¯mWv s\ÂIrjn CÃmsXbmbXv. \nI¯s¸« s\ÂhbepIfpsS knwl`mKhpw ]ÝnaL«§Ä¡p ]pd¯pÅ kaXe§fnse \Kc§tfmSp tNÀ¶ {]tZi§fnemWv. ]ÝnaL«§fpsS ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\pthWvSn h³tXmXn IpSnbnd¡v \S¯Wsa¶p hmZn¡p¶hÀ ]cnØnXn kwc£n¡m³ X®oÀ¯S§fpw s\ÂhbepIfpw Xncn¨p]nSn¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸Sm¯Xv XnIª Cc«¯m¸mWv.

tIcf¯nse IpSntbäw Hcp Häs¸« kw`haÃ. ]ÝnaL«§fnse aäp kwØm\§fnse ae{¼tZi§fnepw CtXImeL«¯n h³tXmXnepÅ IpSntbäapWvSmbn«pWvSv. temINcn{Xw ]cntim[n¨m Atacn¡bpw emän\tacn¡³ cmPy§fpapÄs¸sSbpÅ ]e cmPy§fpw cq]s¸«Xpw hnIkn¨Xpw IpSntbä¯nsâ ^eambn«msW¶p ImWmw. kwØm\§Ä¡I¯pÅ IpSntbäw C´ybnse FÃm kwØm\§fnepw \S¡p¶pWvSv. D]Poh\ kpc£nXXz¯n\pw km¼¯nI kpc£nXXz¯n\pw thWvSnbpÅ P\§fpsS At\zjWbm{XIÄ F¡me¯papWvSmbn«pWvSv. ap³Ime§fn Ncn{X]camb ImcW§fm kw`hn¨n«pÅ FÃmhn[ IpSntbä§fpw AwKoIcn¨psImWvSpXs¶ Cu {]tZi§fnse P\§fpsS ]qÀ® ]¦mfn¯t¯msS ]cnØnXnbpw ssPhsshhn[yhpw kwc£n¡pIbmWv Gähpw {]mtbmKnIamb kao]\w.

]cnØnXn ]p\xØm]\¯n\pthWvSn IpSntbä IÀjIsc h³tXmXn IpSnbnd¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸Sp¶Xpt]mse Xs¶ A]e]\obamWv ]ÝnaL«§fnse ae\ncIfn Hcp hn[¯nepÅ ]cnØnXn kwc£W \S]SnIfpw A\phZn¡nsö \ne]mSpw. Irjnbpw ]cnØnXnbpw Hcp t]mse kwc£n¡p¶ \S]SnIfmWv Cu {]tZi§fpsS \ne\n¸n\v Bhiyw. hnthN\anÃm¯ DuÀPnX IrjncoXnIfpw h³tXmXnepÅ ]cnØnXn \ioIcWhpw aäp kwØm\§sf¡mÄ tIcf¯nse ]ÝnaL« {]tZi§fn IqSpXemWv. Cu {]tZi§fnse Ahtijn¡p¶ {]mYanI h\§Ä Hcn©pt]mepw kwc£n¡s¸SWw. ssPhsshhn[yw kwc£W¯n\v IÀjI ]¦mfn¯t¯msSbpÅ h³ ]²XnIÄ thWw. hr£¯e¸pIÄ h³tXmXn apdn¨pamäns¡mWvSpÅ DuÀPnX IrjncoXnIÄ \ncpÕmls¸Sp¯Ww. Cu taJebnse Irjn BZmbIcambn \S¯ns¡mWvSpt]mIp¶Xn\pÅ ssPhIrjn ]mt¡PpIÄ hnkn¸ns¨Sp¡Ww. hn]W\¯n\pw aqeyhÀ[\hn\pw IÀjIÀ¡v klmbw \ÂIWw. hr£§fpw ImÀjnI hnfIfpw tNÀ¶ kwtbmPnX Øehn\ntbmK {Iaamb At{Kmt^mdkv{Sn AYhm ImÀjnI h\h¡cW ]cn]mSnIÄ¡,v ]ÝnaL«§fnse ]cnØXn ]p\xØm]\¯n\v ap³KW\ \ÂIWw. tXm«§fnse Xcnip`qanIfnepw ImÀjnI h\h¡cW coXnIÄ \S¸m¡Ww. IÀjIsc i{Xp]£¯m¡ns¡mWvSpÅ ]cnØnXn kwc£W \S]SnIÄ hn]coX ^ew am{Xta krjvSn¡q F¶v Xncn¨dnªpsImWvSpthWw Cu taJebnse hnhn[ ]²XnIÄ \S¸m¡m³.

DuÀPkzecmb _UvsPdnKmÀkv
temIs¯hnsSbpapÅ ]£nt{]anIÄ¡v Hgnhm¡m\mhm¯ Ae¦mc¸£nbmWv _UvsPdnKmÀ. ]£nhfÀ¯ense ]pXp kwcw`I\pt]mepw hfsc A\mbmkw ssIImcyw sN¿mhp¶Xpw {]P\\w \S¯mhp¶Xpamb C\amWnXv...
\mbÀkm_nsâ ho«pIrjn hntij§Ä
Pbv Phm³ Pbv Inkm³ F¶Xv [njWmimenbmb ap³ {][m\a{´n em _lZqÀ imkv{Xn `mcX¯n\v ]IÀ¶pX¶ ap{ZmhmIyw. Phm\pw Inkm\pw \akvImcw AÀln¡p¶hcmWv, XÀ¡anÃ. F¶mÂ, ssk\nIsâbp...
\mbv hfÀ¯Â: AanXh®w A]ISw
a\pjy\pambn hoSpw, A¶hpw PohnX coXnIfpw ]¦nSp¶ \mbv¡fnepw s]m®¯Sn `ojWnbmIp¶p. Hmtcm \mbv¡Ä¡pw AhcpsS P\pkv, {]mbw, enwKw, imcocnImhØ F¶nhbpsS ASnØm\¯n DWvSmth...
tkmjy aoUnb XpW¨p; Iªn¡pgnbn Irjn tkmjyembn
tZiob]mXþ47 Be¸pgþ tNÀ¯e dq«n Hmt«mImkvän\v kao]sa¯nbm FXnÀhit¯¡v Bcpsam¶p t\m¡nt]mIpw. \mev G¡dn BZyw ImWp¶Xv HcmÄ hen¸apÅ ]Shew \newaps« ]´en InS¡p¶XmWv....
¹mhnsâ Poh³
¹mhn\pw N¡¡pw thWvSn Pohn¡p¶ sNdp¸¡mc\mWv Pb³. Zp_mbn ¹mhnÃm¯Xp sImWvSp am{Xw tPmen cmPn h¨v Xncn¨p t]m¶ Cu \m«n³ ]pd¯p¡mcsâ PohnX ¯nepw N¡bpw ASbpw t]msebmWv....
aªÄ{]` sNmcnbpw DZym\w
kpKÔhyRvP\amb aªfnsâ amkvacnI iàn sb¡pdn¨dnbm¯ aebmfnIÄ ImWnÃ. Idn¡q«p IÄ¡v cpNnbpw \ndhpw \ÂIm³ am{XaÃ, Huj [ta·bnepw ap¶nemWv aªÄ. kuµcyhÀ[I DXv]¶§fnse {]IrX...
Noc; C\§fpw IrjncoXnbpw
tIcf¯n hmWnPymSnØm\¯n IrjnsN¿p¶ Ce¡dnhnfbmWv Noc. XmcXtay\ IpdªsNehn IrjnsN¿mhp¶ Cu hnfsb CShnfbmbpw X\nhnfbmbpw D]tbmKn¨phcp¶p. Npcp§nb ImewsImWvSv hnfshSp¡...
ISs¡Wnbn IpSp§n C´y³ IÀjI³
C´ybnse IÀjI³ IS¯n P\n¡p¶p, IS¯n Pohn¡p¶p, IS¯n acn¡p¶p F¶mWv {_n«ojv C´ybnse IÀjIÀ¡p \ÂInbncp¶ hntijWw. IÀjIcpsS t]cn AkwJyw t£a]²XnIÄ {]Jym]n¡pIbpw _m¦pIÄ...
C\n ]¨¡dn hn¡mw, Hm¬sse\neqsS
ho«phf¸n Irjn sN¿p¶ ]¨¡dnIÄ C\n ho«nencp¶p Xs¶ hn¡mw. CS\ne¡mcnÃmsX ]¨¡dnIÄ hn¡m\pw anI¨ \nehmcapÅh hm§m\pw C\n Hscmä ¢n¡v aXn. \ham[ya¯nse lcnXhn¹hambn amdp...
]mäm\n sXfnbn¨p; kvt{Sm_dn hb\m«nepw hnfbpw
hyhkmbw am{XaÃ, Irjnbpw X\n¡v hg§psa¶v Hcn¡Â IqSn sXfnbn¨ncn¡pIbmWv tPmWn ]mäm\n. hb\mSv tN¼À Hm^v tImtagvknsâ {]knUâv, hn³skâv Unt]mÄ skmsskän \mjW t{]mPÎv Hm...
]¨¡dn @ 365 Znhkw
ImÀjnI ]mc¼cyt¯msSm¸w kkyimkv{X¯nse _ncpZhpw cam tZhnsb Irjnbpambn Gsd ASp¸n¨p. Hmtcm kkys¯bpw Adnbp¶Xns\m¸w AhbpsS ]cnNcW coXnIÄ¡pw {]m[m\yw \evInbXn\m ho«nte...
th\¨qSn IdhamSpIÄ¡pw tImgnIÄ¡pw IcpXÂ
{]Xntcm[tijn hfsc¡pd bm³ km[yXbpÅ th\¡m ew XpS§p¶Xn\p apt¼ Dcp¡Ä¡v hncacp¶pIfpw {]Xntcm[ Ip¯nhbv]pIfpw Hcp tUmIvSdpsS \nÀt±i{]Imcw \ÂInbncn¡Ww. t\cn«pÅ kqcyhn...
F³Pn\nbdnwKv ]T\t¯msSm¸w Irjnbpw
H¶n\pw kabanà F¶ bphXz¯nsâ Øncw Iaân H«pw hnizmkanà kzcq]n\v. kz´w PohnX¯neqsS ImWn¨p XcnIbmWv Cu 21 Imc³. ]me¡mSv tImgn¸mdbnse Aley kvIqÄ Hm^v F³Pn\nbdnwKv B³...
tKmime _n\phnsâ hntij§Ä
Irjn kwkvImcamWv. PohnXamIWw þ H¸w PohkÔmcW amÀKhpamIWw. Irjn ]ehnfIsf ASnØm\am¡nbmIpw Adnbs¸SpI. sX§[njvTnX Irjn, s\Ã[njvTnX Irjn Fs¶ms¡. F¶mÂ, Idh¸ip¡sf {][m\...
IrjnsN¿mw, shÅcn
\pjy³ BZyambn D]tbmKn¨ ]¨¡dnhn`mKw shÅcnbmsW¶p IcpXs¸Sp¶p. tIcf¯n shÅcnsb¶v Adnbs¸Sp¶Xv Idn¡v D]tbmKn¡p¶ ]¨IeÀ¶ shÅ\ndt¯mSpIqSnb shÅcnbpw IWnhbv¡p¶Xn\v D]tbmKn...
Adnbmw, AIämw \mbv¡fpsS NÀatcmK§Ä
\mbv¡fpsS BtcmKy¯ntâbpw kuµcy¯nsâbpw I®mSnbmWv AhbpsS NÀaw. ]ehn[¯nepw Xc¯nepapÅ NÀatcmK§Ä \mbv¡sf _m[n¡mw. Ch XpS¡¯n Xs¶ IsWvS¯n NnInXvknt¡WvSXv hfsc {][m\amW...
cWvSc G¡dn Irjnsshhn[ysamcp¡n Z¼XnIÄ
]ghÀK§fpw ]¨¡dnIfpw \ndª GZ³ tXm«w. CXpXs¶bmWv Xncph\´]pcw shªmdpwaqSv AbncqÀtImW¯p]p¯³ho«n tUm. D¯asâbpw `mcy A¼nfnbpsSbpw cWvSctb¡tdmfw hcp¶ ]pcbnS¯n\p tNcp¶...
AWp¡sf AIämw, AInSpho¡w XSbmw
_mIvSocnb, sshdkv, ^wKkv XpS§n AWp¡Ä AInSpho¡w DWvS¡mw. apJytcmKtlXp _m IvSocnbIÄ BWv . hr¯nlo\amb ]cnkchpw, sXmgp¯pw, Dcp¡fpsS ]cn]me\¯nepWvSmIp¶ hogvNIfpamW...
AtIzdnb¯nse t]mcmfnIÄ
tai¸pd¯v ]fp¦v Ipanft]mse Pew \nd¨ ¥mkv t¥m_v, AXn AXnkpµc\mb Hcp t]mcmfn aÕyw. kz´ambn Hcp AtIzdnbw \ne\ndp¯Ww F¶v Gsd B{KlapÅ, F¶m C\nbpw AXn\p apXncm¯hÀ¡v ...
`qan GsäSp¡Â HmÀUn\³kv: Irjn `qan tImÀ¸tdäpIfpsS ssIIfnte¡v
2013 se `qan GsäSp¡Â \nba¯n shÅw tNÀ¯psImWvSv tI{µ Kh¬ saâv sImWvSph¶ HmÀUn\³kv tImÀ]tdäpIÄ¡v btYjvSw Irjn`qan ]nSn¨S¡m\pw IÀjIsc IpSnbnd¡m\pw Ahkcw \ÂIp¶p. `q...
DZym\¯nse Pzen¡pw \mfw
DZym\ A´co£¯n Hcp Pzen¡p¶ ]´wþAXmWv ^vsfbnanwKv tSmÀ¨v F¶v hnfnt¸cpÅ _nÂt_ÀPnb ]ncanUmenkv F¶ ]qs¨Sn. XWvSnepw CeIfnepw kkyckw\nd¨v amwkf kz`mhw Im«p¶ {_psaenb...
22 skân 28 C\w ]ghÀK§Ä: ]m¸gw apX and¡nÄ {^q«phsc, FÃmw hntZin
]g§sf¶ph¨m tPmk^n\v Poh\mWv. shdpw ]g§fÃ, adp\mS³ ]g§Ä. N§\mticn Ipcy¨³]SnbnepÅ Imc¡m«p ho«n sI.sP. tPmk^nsâ ho«papäsam¶p {i²n¨m CXpa\knemIpw. hoSp\n¡p¶ 22 ...
^n©pIfpsS ]cn]me\hpw {]P\\hpw
ImemIme§fmbn a\pjyÀ ]eXcw ]£nIsf hfÀ¯nhcp¶p. F¶m ]c¼cmKXssienbn C¶pw XpSÀ¶phcp¶ ]cnNcWcoXnIÄ¡v A]mIXItfsdbpWvSv. AXv AhbpsS {]P\\w, kz`mhw, {]Xntcm[tijn F¶nhs...
]mem¡mSv BÀ]nFknsâ tX\o¨t¯m«w
d_ÀIÀjIÀ hnebnSnhpaqew _p²nap«p¶ kmlNcy¯nemWv ]membv¡Sp¯pÅ ]mem¡mSv d_À DXv]mZI kwL¯nsâ {]knUâv sh«n¡pg¡pt¶Â hn.bp. tPmk^nsâ aI³ enPp tPmkpw kplr¯v ]qh¯m\n¡pt¶Â...
B]Xv _mÔh³ Bßan{Xw sImt¡m
PmXI¯n i\nbpsS A]lmcw hnSmsX ]nSnIqSnb ImÀjnIhnf GXv F¶p tNmZn¨m s]s«s¶mcp¯cw sImt¡m F¶mbncn¡pw. GXp XWe¯pw HXp§n¡qSn hfcpIbpw CShnfbm¡nbmÂt]mepw bmsXmcp ]cn`...
Irjnsb kvt\ln¡p¶ ^mÀtagvkv ¢_v
Irjnsb kvt\ln¡p¶ Hcp Iq«w BfpIÄ. ChÀ¡m{Klw \à ]¨¡dn am{Xw. hnjw tNÀ¶, IoS\min \nIfpw cmkhfhpw tNÀ¯p WvSm¡p¶ `£y DXv]¶ §Äs¡Xntc bpÅ {]Xntcm[amWnXv. F¶m Iq«mb...
sNdphb cma³ \mS³ s\Ãn\§fpsS hn¯p_m¦v
\mS³ s\Âhn¯pIfpsS Imhemfmb am\´hmSn sNdphb cmasâ hn¯p_m¦v IS IS¶v Ad_n \m«nepw. tZmlbnse aebmfnIfpsS Iq«mbva ac`qanbn IWvSw sh«n NIncnt¨mdp ]pX¨v \\bn«v...
F\nbv¡msI thWvSXv izkn¡m³ hmbp am{Xw
{_n«Wnse {]kn² tdm¡v kwKoX {Kq¸mb tlmfoknsâ {]kn²amb BJym\ \mS³]m«nse hcnIÄ XpS§p¶Xn§s\bmWv. hntZicmPy§fnse kwKoXt{]anIsf B\µkmKc¯nemdmSn¨v h³lnämbn amdnb Cu hc...
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DjvWtaJem {]tZi§fnse I¶pImenIfn 70 iXam\t¯mfw cm{Xn kab§fnemWv aZne£Ww ImWn¨p XpS§p¶Xv. aZne£Ww Bcw`n¨tijw 12þ14 aWn¡qdpIÄ¡ptijw Ip¯nhbv¡p¶XmWv sN\ G¡m\pÅ kcf...
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Sm¸p sNbvXpsImWvSncn¡p¶ d_À ac§Ä¡v ITn\amb tcmK_m[ DWvSmbm Ahbn \n¶pÅ DXv]mZ\w ap¸XpiXam\w hsc Ipdªpt]mIp¶Xmbn IW¡m¡nbn«pWvSv. d_À ac§fpsS hfÀ¨sbbpw Sm¸p sN¿p...
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