19
Sunday
August 2018
3:31 PM IST
News Headlines
Home   | Main News   | Kerala  | National   | International  | Business   | Sports   | Entertainment   | Columns   | Offbeat   | About Deepika 
International News
India should take steps to ensure privacy in biometric identification programmes: IMF
 
(Washington, Apr 13, 2018): The IMF has said India should take necessary measures to ensure privacy and security controls while implementing large identification programmes like the Aadhaar, as the global financial body identified India as a leader in the biometric identification system.

The International Monetary Fund in its fiscal monitor report on digital government said digitalisation can facilitate stronger governance and fiscal transparency, allowing better public awareness and scrutiny of the budget process and the design of fiscal policy.

In India, the IMF yesterday said, biometric identification and electronic payments have helped reduce leakages in LPG subsidies.

"Depending on assumptions and how the reduction in leakage is expressed — that is, the reduction in total transfers or wrongful payments — estimated savings from digitalisation range between 0.2 and 21 per cent of cash transfers and 11 to 24 per cent of wrongful payments,” it said.

"It is difficult to disentangle the effect of digitalisation from broader macroeconomic and policy developments,” the IMF said.

For example, the use of Aadhaar in the LPG subsidy scheme coincided with the termination of the LPG dual pricing system and the reduction in the world price of natural gas, both of which helped reduce the cost of LPG subsidies.

Data limitations and lack of proper assessment frameworks constrain ex-post evaluations, the report said.

"With more than 1.2 billion registered citizens in India's biometric identification system, Aadhaar, the country stands out as a leader in this area," the report said.

The IMF, however, stressed that governments should take necessary steps to ensure privacy and security controls when implementing large identification programmes.

"In India, privacy and security concerns led to alternating periods of mandatory and non-mandatory use of Aadhaar in social programmes,” it said.

"A court decision is still pending on its compliance with the right to privacy. In a recent data breach in India, it has been reported that 135 million Aadhaar numbers were compromised, underscoring the importance of sound privacy measures,” it added.

The report noted that spending should also be consistent with the government's budget constraint and will require policy-makers to create fiscal space for purchasing new technology, storing large amounts of data and hiring cyber-security experts.

Cost estimates are rare and incomplete, it observed.

"In India, data from the Unique Identification Authority of India place the costs of Aadhaar implementation and maintenance at about USD 1.5 billion or USD 1.25 per card between 2009 and 2017 but this compares favourably with the costs of other electronic identification systems of USD 3 to USD 6 per enrollee,” the IMF said.

Given its broad coverage, IMF believes that it may be a challenge to phase Aadhaar out.

"Advocates of the system assert that Aadhaar is compatible with the right to privacy because the captured biometric traits are encrypted, making it difficult for anyone who intercepts these images to access the actual content," it said.

"However, the lack of sufficient security controls makes the system vulnerable to unauthorised access," it added.

"In a recent data breach, it has been reported that Aadhaar numbers and the corresponding identities of 135 million Indian citizens were compromised when service providers used their access to steal identity information. Privacy and security controls are therefore key when implementing large identification programmes, IMF said.

The IMF in its report listed out central government implementing several digital platforms to overcome leakages in its subsidy scheme.

"The so-called 'JAM trinity' has three pillars: Jan Dhan, Aadhaar and Mobile. Jan Dhan promotes financial inclusion, targeting universal access to banking facilities and facilitating the delivery of social benefits directly to bank accounts.(PTI)


Imran Khan Elected New Pakistan PM, Seen In Tears After Vote
'He's innocent': US threatens more sanctions on Turkey if pastor not freed
Toll soars to 48 in Kabul education centre blast
Bridge collapses in Italy during heavy storm, crushing cars
Officials: Afghan forces push back Taliban from key city
Bangladesh ex-PM Zia gets bail in defamation case
NASA launches Parker Solar Probe spacecraft
Imran Khan’s party bags 33 reserved seats; PTI NA tally stands at 158
Children among 39 civilians killed in Syria arms depot blast: monitor
NASA postpones Parker Solar Probe launch to Sunday
Malaysia ex-PM Najib to face corruption trial in February
India, Afghanistan discuss development projects
Imran Khan to take oath as Pakistan Prime Minister on Aug 18: party leader
US to slap crippling sanctions on Russia over nerve agent attack in Britain
Khan's party and allies secure over 180 seats in NA: Chaudhry
Death toll from Greek forest fire rises to 93, victims named
Ivan Duque sworn in as new Colombian president
Argentina ex-Vice President jailed over corruption charges
Saudi Arabia expels Canadian envoy for urging activist's release
91 killed in Lombok and Bali earthquake
ENTERTAINMENT NEWS
Amala Paul injured while filming a stunt sequence for Adho Andha Paravai Pola
 Chennai: Actress Amala Paul met with an accident while shooting a stunt sequence for her upcoming mo  
Deepveer to tie the knot on November 20 in Italy
Maradona - People will love this guy
Kinavalli - Where six friends and a ghost meet
KERALA NEWS
Kerala flood: Papa CJ expressed his willingness to perform at fund-raiser programmes
 Stand up Comedian Papa CJ on Thursday tweeted his willingness to perform at any fund-raiser programs
Declare Kerala floods a national disaster: Rahul Gandhi asks PM
PM announces an interim relief of Rs 500 Cr
PM's aerial survey called off
NATIONAL NEWS
Swami Agnivesh assaulted on way to pay homage to Atal Bihari Vajpayee in New Delhi
 (New Delhi, Aug 17, 2018):Social activist Swami Agnivesh was assaulted on Deen Dayal Upadhyay
Water level of Mullaperiyar to be reduced to 139 feet, orders SC
Lead Us, DMK Leaders Tell Stalin, Day After Brother Alagiri's Message
No income generated from YI-National Herald transaction: Sonia Gandhi to HC
Untitled Page
Rashtra Deepika LTD
Copyright @ 2017 , Rashtra Deepika Ltd.