23
Monday
April 2018
8:50 PM IST
News Headlines
Home   | Main News   | Kerala  | National   | International  | Business   | Sports   | Entertainment   | Columns   | Offbeat   | About Deepika 
International News
India should take steps to ensure privacy in biometric identification programmes: IMF
 
(Washington, Apr 13, 2018): The IMF has said India should take necessary measures to ensure privacy and security controls while implementing large identification programmes like the Aadhaar, as the global financial body identified India as a leader in the biometric identification system.

The International Monetary Fund in its fiscal monitor report on digital government said digitalisation can facilitate stronger governance and fiscal transparency, allowing better public awareness and scrutiny of the budget process and the design of fiscal policy.

In India, the IMF yesterday said, biometric identification and electronic payments have helped reduce leakages in LPG subsidies.

"Depending on assumptions and how the reduction in leakage is expressed — that is, the reduction in total transfers or wrongful payments — estimated savings from digitalisation range between 0.2 and 21 per cent of cash transfers and 11 to 24 per cent of wrongful payments,” it said.

"It is difficult to disentangle the effect of digitalisation from broader macroeconomic and policy developments,” the IMF said.

For example, the use of Aadhaar in the LPG subsidy scheme coincided with the termination of the LPG dual pricing system and the reduction in the world price of natural gas, both of which helped reduce the cost of LPG subsidies.

Data limitations and lack of proper assessment frameworks constrain ex-post evaluations, the report said.

"With more than 1.2 billion registered citizens in India's biometric identification system, Aadhaar, the country stands out as a leader in this area," the report said.

The IMF, however, stressed that governments should take necessary steps to ensure privacy and security controls when implementing large identification programmes.

"In India, privacy and security concerns led to alternating periods of mandatory and non-mandatory use of Aadhaar in social programmes,” it said.

"A court decision is still pending on its compliance with the right to privacy. In a recent data breach in India, it has been reported that 135 million Aadhaar numbers were compromised, underscoring the importance of sound privacy measures,” it added.

The report noted that spending should also be consistent with the government's budget constraint and will require policy-makers to create fiscal space for purchasing new technology, storing large amounts of data and hiring cyber-security experts.

Cost estimates are rare and incomplete, it observed.

"In India, data from the Unique Identification Authority of India place the costs of Aadhaar implementation and maintenance at about USD 1.5 billion or USD 1.25 per card between 2009 and 2017 but this compares favourably with the costs of other electronic identification systems of USD 3 to USD 6 per enrollee,” the IMF said.

Given its broad coverage, IMF believes that it may be a challenge to phase Aadhaar out.

"Advocates of the system assert that Aadhaar is compatible with the right to privacy because the captured biometric traits are encrypted, making it difficult for anyone who intercepts these images to access the actual content," it said.

"However, the lack of sufficient security controls makes the system vulnerable to unauthorised access," it added.

"In a recent data breach, it has been reported that Aadhaar numbers and the corresponding identities of 135 million Indian citizens were compromised when service providers used their access to steal identity information. Privacy and security controls are therefore key when implementing large identification programmes, IMF said.

The IMF in its report listed out central government implementing several digital platforms to overcome leakages in its subsidy scheme.

"The so-called 'JAM trinity' has three pillars: Jan Dhan, Aadhaar and Mobile. Jan Dhan promotes financial inclusion, targeting universal access to banking facilities and facilitating the delivery of social benefits directly to bank accounts.(PTI)


Iraq says it carried out air raid against IS in Syria
Diaz-Canel is Cuba's new president as Castro steps aside
Nawaz Sharif, daughter leave for London
Former US first lady Barbara Bush dead at 92
India, Sweden to enhance cooperation in defence, cyber security
Castro set to step aside as Cuban president, his reforms incomplete
Former FBI director James Comey makes shocking claims about Trump
Prince Harry, Meghan Markle to work as Commonwealth youth ambassadors
Putin: attack on Syria act of aggression
'Large part' of Syria chemical arsenal destroyed: France
Hope authorities bring Kathua rape perpetrators to justice: UN
Pakistan Supreme Court disqualifies Nawaz Sharif from holding office for life
Trump lauds US administration for handling IS in Syria
Six ministers quit Sri Lanka's troubled government
Mark Zuckerberg testimony: Facebook CEO says his data too compromised by Cambridge Analytica
Algeria struck by its worst-ever plane crash, more than 250 dead
Trump goes ballistic as FBI closes in, raids his personal lawyer
Poisoned Russian ex-spy's daughter Yulia Skripal discharged from hospital
Japanese man, 112, recognized as world's oldest male
Kim makes first official mention of US-N Korea talks
ENTERTAINMENT NEWS
I'm my own worst critic: Benedict Cumberbatch
 (London, Apr 23, 2018): Benedict Cumberbatch admits he is critical of his own acting performa  
Women being vocal is still new to the world: Priyanka Chopra
Shooting of 'Student of the Year 2' begins in Dehradun
Challenging to play Thackeray, says Nawazuddin Siddiqui
KERALA NEWS
Varappuzha custody death: Chennithala launches hunger strike for CBI probe
 (Kochi, Apr 23, 2018): Stepping up pressure on the CPI(M)-led LDF government over the alleged
Kottayam hypermarket gutted down in huge fire
Kottayam hypermarket gutted down in huge fire
Archbishop Abraham Viruthakulangara: A man of God who followed his heart
NATIONAL NEWS
Swamy hails VP's decision rejecting impeachment notice
 (New Delhi, Apr 23, 2018): BJP leader Subramanian Swamy today hailed Vice President M Venkaia
Swamy hails VP's decision rejecting impeachment notice
Woman arrested for killing newborn daughter
24 injured in bus accident in UP
Untitled Page
Rashtra Deepika LTD
Copyright @ 2017 , Rashtra Deepika Ltd.